Alma-Atinskaya (Moscow Metro)
Alma-Atinskaya is a southern terminus station of the Zamoskvoretskaya Line of the Moscow Metro. The station was opened on 24 December 2012. On 29 November 2011 Moscow government decided to rename the station from "Brateyevo" into "Alma-Atinskaya" after the Russian name of the city of Almaty, former capital of Kazakhstan; the change reflects the rename of "Molodyozhnaya" station of Almaty Metro, still under construction in 2012, to Moskva station as a sign of friendship between Russia and Kazakhstan. The station located in the Brateyevo District. Entrances are near Brateyevskaya and Klyuchevaya streets. Media related to Alma-Atinskaya at Wikimedia Commons
Dostoevskaya (Moscow Metro)
Dostoevskaya is a Moscow Metro station in the Meshchansky District, Central Administrative Okrug, Moscow. It is between Maryina Roshcha and Trubnaya stations. Dostoevskaya opened on 19 June 2010 as a part of the northern line extension along with Maryina Roshcha station; the station has two exits. One is near the building of the Russian Army Theatre, the other leads to Suvorovskaya Square; the construction of the station started in the 1990s although construction was shelved for several years insufficient funding. The construction process resumed only in 2007 when funds were allocated and both the right and left rail tunnels were built; the construction of the platform began afterwards. In April 2009, the lack of funds forced the Moscow Metro authorities to delay the station's opening to May 2010. Several days before the supposed opening date, it was delayed again to June for adjustments to the escalators; the Metro planned to build Suvorovskaya station, which would allow transfers to the northern end of the Koltsevaya Line.
In 2017, the Metro shelved plans for the station citing economic infeasibility. Published photos of station's decor elements caused disputes within the Russian Internet community. There are two scenes of violence depicted on the station walls as an illustration of Fyodor Dostoyevsky's Crime and Punishment, along with many other scenes
Proletarskaya (Moscow Metro)
Proletarskaya is a Moscow Metro station in Yuzhnoportovy District, South-Eastern Administrative Okrug, Moscow. It is on the Tagansko-Krasnopresnenskaya Line, between Taganskaya and Volgogradsky Prospekt stations. Proletarskaya opened on 31 December 1966 as part of the Zhadovskiy radius; the station is a typical of the 1960s column tri-span functional design and like many stations built at the time lacks the design and decorative innovations that some of the more famous Moscow Metro stations exhibit. The architects Yuliya Kolesnikova and Yury Vdovin applied a bright theme; the pillars are revetted with white marble, whilst the floor is covered with grey granite of various tones and with labradorite. The walls are faced with glazed ceramic tiles of white and black, which have decorations in the form of hammer and sickles made from anodized aluminium; the station has underground vestibules interlinked with subways under the Krestyanskaya Zastava square with entrances covered by glazed concrete pavilions.
In 1997 a footbridge was built over the northbound line, which serves as a third exit to the common vestibule with the station Krestyanskaya Zastava of the Lyublinsko-Dmitrovskaya Line and acts as a transfer point. The station has a passenger traffic of 61860 via surface and 120300 via the transfer. Metro.ru mymetro.ru KartaMetro.info — Station location and exits on Moscow map
Fonvizinskaya (Moscow Metro)
Fonvizinskaya is a Moscow Metro station of Lyublinsko-Dmitrovskaya Line. It is located between Butyrskaya and Petrovsko-Razumovskaya, at the intersection of Milashenkova Street with Fonvizina Street and Ogorodny Proyezd, it has one island platform. Ulitsa Milashenkova station of the Moscow Monorail is located close by; the name of the station derives from Fonvizina Street, which in turn was named after Denis Fonvizin, an 18th-century Russian playwright. The extension of the line from Maryina Roshcha northwest to Petrovsko-Razumovskaya via Butyrskaya and Fonvizinskaya was planned to be opened in December 2015; the projected opening date was shifted to 2016. The station was opened on 16 September 2016
Petrovsko-Razumovskaya is a Moscow Metro station in the Timiryazevsky District of the Northern Administrative Okrug of Moscow. The station opened on 7 March 1991 as a part of a major northern extension of the Serpukhovsko-Timiryazevskaya Line. Petrovsko-Razumovskaya has exits to Dmitrovskoye Highway and provides transfer to a commuter station of the same name on Leningradsky suburban direction of Oktyabrskaya Railway, which serves destinations to the north-west of Moscow; the daily passenger flow is about 80,000. On the Serpukhovsko-Timiryazevskaya Line, the station is between Vladykino and Timiryazevskaya stations. On the Lyublinsko-Dmitrovskaya Line, the station is between Fonvizinskaya stations; the extension of the Lyublinsko-Dmitrovskaya Line to the north to Seligerskaya is operational and opened in 22 March 2018. The next station of the Okruzhnaya; the 2016 extension of the station involved building two extra tracks. The alignment allows cross-platform interchange between the two lines. Station description at the Moscow Metro website
This article is about a river in Moscow, a tributary of the Moskva River. There are three other Yauza rivers in Central Russia: tributaries of the Lama and Sestra; the Yauza is a river in a tributary of the Moskva River. It originates in the Losiny Ostrov National Park northeast of Moscow, flows through Mytishchi, enters Moscow in the Medvedkovo District and flows through the city in an irregular, meandering north-south direction; the Yauza joins the Moskva River in Tagansky District just west of Tagansky Hill, now marked by the Kotelnicheskaya Embankment tower. Valleys of the Yauza, from the MKAD beltway in the north to the Moscow-Yaroslavl railway west of Sokolniki Park, are protected as natural reserves; the Yauza has been mentioned in Russian chronicles since 1156. Moscow crossed its former natural eastern boundary in the beginning of the 16th century; the banks of the Yauza within the Garden Ring were densely urbanized by the middle of the 17th century. Settlements along the Yauza played a significant role in the history of Russia in the 17th and 18th centuries.
Industrialization in the 19th and 20th centuries made the Yauza "the biggest gutter for waste in Moscow". In the 2000s the ecology improved, with the closing or conversion of old factories and cleanup efforts by the city government. In 2007 the Yauza waters were reclassified from "dirty" to "polluted" status, but in 2008 the trend reversed and pollution in the Yauza exceeded its 2006 levels; as of 2008, Yauza water passing the Moscow city boundary is rated as "polluted", reaches a "very dirty" level at its inlet. Untreated surface runoff in the Central Administrative District remains the main source of pollution; the Yauza is arguably one of the most ancient European rivers. A proto-Yauza River first appeared in Permian-Triassic period, at which time it flowed to the east of its present riverbed, down today's Izmailovo Gully. After being periodically submerged during the Jurassic and Cretaceous periods, the region became land in the Tertiary period. Due to minor elevation changes, the Yauza diverted into its present course, with its former riverbed taken over by the present-day Serebryanka River, which forms part of Yauza basin and flows in the westward direction opposite to the original Yauza.
The contemporary Yauza consists of three parts: The Yauza collects waters from many tributaries, most of them confined to underground sewers. The few that remain on the surface, at least are: The flow of the Yauza is regulated and reinforced with water from the Volga River that reaches the city through the Moscow Canal. 80 million cubic meters of Volga water is sourced each year from the Khimki Reservoir in northwest Moscow and fed through underground pipes and an open channel to Golovinsky Ponds and the Likhoborka River. The water level in the lower Yauza is regulated by the Pererva Dam on the Moskva River, by the locks on the Yauza itself east of Kursky Rail Terminal. Raised water levels in the downtown portion of the Yauza basin led to long-term flooding and death of trees deep inside Losiny Ostrov. Within the city of Moscow the Yauza is spanned by 21 road bridges, five railroad bridges, one dedicated tram bridge, two Moscow Metro bridges, numerous pedestrian bridges and the historical Rostokino Aqueduct.
Spring floods due to low clearance under old bridges were common, with four in the 1950s alone. The most recent flash flood on the Yauza occurred August 14, 2003, following a record-setting rainfall; the Yauza and its valleys are not prone to the landslides and erosion common in the western and southern districts of Moscow. There were two minor landslides on the Yauza in 2008, compared with 40 on the Chertanovka River and 33 on the Gorodnya River. There is no commercial or recreational shipping, although the river is accessible to small motor boats as far as Preobrazhenskaya Square; the first mention of the Yauza in Russian chronicles is directly connected to the foundation of Moscow: according to the chronicles, in 1156 Yury Dolgoruky "founded Moscow at the estuary of Neglinnaya above the Yauza" on the site owned by Stepan Kuchka and known through another chronicle since 1147. There is no accepted etymology for Yauza or Auza. Similar toponyms exist in modern Latvia. Medieval Moscow grew from its Kremlin in a northeasterly direction, towards the Yauza.
St. Andronik Monastery on the Yauza formed the eastern defence arc, together with the Pokrovsky and Novospassky monasteries; the Yauza was used as a commercial waterway from Moscow to Vladimir until the 16th century. After the fire of 1494, Ivan III of Russia set up his country residence on the western bank of the Yauza in Vorontsovo. During the same period potters and other craftsmen deemed a fire hazard were evicted from Moscow proper onto the opposite, eastern bank of the Yauza, thus beginning the industrialization of the river. Slobodas of metalworkers' guilds expanded, in the 17th century Taganka became the most densely populated, remote area of the city of Moscow; the lower Yauza was used by numerous wa
Zyablikovo (Moscow Metro)
Zyablikovo is a Moscow Metro station in the Zyablikovo District, Southern Administrative Okrug, Moscow. It is located on the Lyublinsko-Dmitrovskaya Line serving as its southern terminus; the station opened on 2 December 2011. Zyablikovo is a transfer station to Krasnogvardeyskaya of the Zamoskvoretskaya Line. At the time of opening the transfer, both Krasnogvardeyskaya and Zyablikovo were the terminal stations on their respective lines; the station is located in the southern part of Moscow, on the border of Zyablikovo and Orekhovo-Borisovo Yuzhnoye districts. There is a track connection to the Zamoskvoretskaya Line south of this station, where Lyublinsko-Dmitrovskaya Line trains terminate; the station is named after the village of Zyablikovo located to the south of the station, which in 1960s became part of Moscow