Boris Fyodorovich Godunov ruled the Tsardom of Russia as de facto regent from c. 1585 to 1598 and as the first non-Rurikid tsar from 1598 to 1605. After the end of his reign Russia descended into the Time of Troubles. Boris Godunov was the most noted member of an ancient, now extinct, Russian family of Tatar origin, which came from the Horde to Kostroma in the early 14th century; this legend is written in the annals dating from early 17th century. He was descended from the Tatar Prince Chet, who went from the Golden Horde to Russia and founded the Ipatiev Monastery in Kostroma. Boris was the son of his wife Stepanida Ivanovna, his older brother Vasily died young and without issue. Godunov's career began at the court of Ivan the Terrible, he is mentioned in 1570 for taking part in the Serpeisk campaign as an archer of the guard. The following year he became an oprichnik – a member of Ivan's personal guard and secret police. In 1570/1571, Godunov strengthened his position at court by his marriage to Maria Grigorievna Skuratova-Belskaya, the daughter of Malyuta Skuratov-Belskiy, head of the oprichniks.
In 1580, the Tsar chose Boris Godunov's sister Irina Godunova to be the wife of his second son and eventual heir, the fourteen-year-old Feodor Ivanovich. On this occasion, Godunov was promoted to the rank of Boyar. On 15 November 1581, Godunov was present when the Tsar murdered his own eldest son, the crown prince Ivan. Godunov received blows from the Tsar's sceptre; the elder Ivan repented, Godunov rushed to get help for the Tsarevich, who died four days later. Three years on his deathbed, Ivan IV appointed a council consisting of Godunov, Feodor Nikitich Romanov, Vasili Shuiski and others to guide his son and successor of Russia Feodor I, feeble both in mind and body: "he took refuge from the dangers of the palace in devotion to religion. Since the Orthodox Church recognized legitimate only his first three marriages, any offspring thereof, Dmitri had no claim to the throne. Still, taking no chances, shortly after Ivan's death the Council had both Dmitri and his mother Maria Nagaya moved to Uglich, some 120 miles north of Moscow.
Dmitri died there in 1591 at the age of ten in suspicious circumstances. As Dmitri's death was announced by the church bell, the people of Uglich rose up in protest against what they suspected was an assassination commissioned by Boris Godunov. Troops were sent and the rebellion was swiftly quelled. Boris Godunov ordered the Uglich bell clapper – "tongue" – to be removed, the bell to be flogged in public and sent to exile in Siberia along with the townspeople who had not been executed. An official commission headed by Vasili Shuiski was sent to determine the cause of death; the official verdict was. Ivan's widow claimed. Godunov's guilt was never established and shortly thereafter Dmitri's mother was forced to take the veil. Dmitry Ivanovich was laid to rest and promptly, forgotten. At the coronation of Feodor Ivanovich as Tsar Feodor I on 31 May 1584, Boris received honors and riches as a member of the regency council, in which he held the second place during the life of the Tsar's uncle Nikita Romanovich.
When Nikita died in 1586, Boris had no serious rival for the regency. A conspiracy of other boyars and of Dionysius II, Metropolitan of Moscow, sought to break Boris's power by divorcing the Tsar from Godunov's childless sister; the attempt proved unsuccessful, the conspirators were banished or sent to monasteries. After that, Godunov remained supreme in Russia and he corresponded with foreign princes as their equal, his policy was pacific and always prudent. In 1595, he recovered from Sweden some towns lost during the former reign. Five years he had defeated a Tatar raid upon Moscow, for which he received the title of Konyushy, an obsolete dignity higher than that of Boyar, he supported an anti-Turkish faction in the Crimea and gave the Khan subsidies in his war against the sultan. Godunov encouraged English merchants to trade with Russia by exempting them from duties, he built towns and fortresses along the north-eastern and south-eastern borders of Russia to keep the Tatar and Finnic tribes in order.
These included Samara, Saratov and Tsaritsyn, as well as other lesser towns. He colonized Siberia including Tobolsk. During his rule, the Russian Orthodox Church received its patriarchate, placing it on an equal footing with the ancient Eastern churches and freeing it from the influence of the Patriarch of Constantinople; this pleased the Tsar. In Godunov's most important domestic reform, a 1597 decree forbade peasants to transfer from one landowner to another, thus binding them to the soil; this ordinance aimed to secure revenue, but it led to the institution of serfdom in its most oppressive form. On the death of the childless Feodor on 7 January 1598, as well as the rumored assassination of Feodor's much younger brother Dimitry ordered by Boris himself to guarantee his seat on the throne, self-preservation as much as ambition led Boris to seize the throne. H
Nizhny Novgorod, colloquially shortened to Nizhny, is a city in Russia and the administrative center of Volga Federal District and Nizhny Novgorod Oblast. From 1932 to 1990, it was known as Gorky, after the writer Maxim Gorky, born there; the city is an important economic, scientific and cultural center in Russia and the vast Volga-Vyatka economic region, is the main center of river tourism in Russia. In the historic part of the city there is a large number of universities, theaters and churches. Nizhny Novgorod is located about 400 km east of Moscow. Population: 1,250,619 ; the city was founded in 4 February 1221 by Prince Yuri II of Vladimir. In 1612 Kuzma Minin and Prince Dmitry Pozharsky organized an army for the liberation of Moscow from the Poles. In 1817 Nizhny Novgorod became a great trade center of the Russian Empire. In 1896 at a fair, an All-Russia Exhibition was organized. During the Soviet period, the city turned into an important industrial center. In particular, the Gorky Automobile Plant was constructed in this period.
The city was given the nickname "Russian Detroit". During World War II, Gorky became the biggest provider of military equipment to the Eastern Front. Due to this, the Luftwaffe bombed the city from the air; the majority of the German bombs fell in the area of the Gorky Automobile Plant. Although all the production sites of the plant were destroyed, the citizens of Gorky reconstructed the factory after 100 days. After the war, Gorky became a "closed city" and remained one until after the dissolution of the Soviet Union in 1990. At that time, the city was renamed Nizhny Novgorod once again. In 1985, the Nizhny Novgorod Metro was opened. In 2016, Vladimir Putin opened the new 70th Anniversary of Victory Plant, part of the Almaz-Antey Air and Space Defence Corporation; the Kremlin – the main center of the city – contains the main government agencies of the city and the Volga Federal District. The demonym for a Nizhny Novgorod resident is "нижегородец" for male or "нижегородка" for female, rendered in English as Nizhegorodian.
Novgorodian is inappropriate. The name was just Novgorod, but to distinguish it from the other and well-known Novgorod to the west, the city was called "Novgorod of the Lower lands"; this land was named "lower" because it is situated downstream from the point of view of other Russian cities such as Moscow and Murom. It was transformed into the contemporary name of the city that means "Lower Newtown"; the city traces its origin from a small Russian wooden hillfort, founded by Grand Duke Yuri II in 1221 at the confluence of two of the most important rivers in his principality, the Volga and Oka rivers. Its independent existence was threatened by the continuous Mordvin attacks against it. A major stronghold for border protection, Nizhny Novgorod fortress took advantage of a natural moat formed by the two rivers. Along with Moscow and Tver, Nizhny Novgorod was among several newly founded towns that escaped Mongol devastation on account of their insignificance, but grew into centers in vassalic Russian political life during the period of the Tatar Yoke.
With the agreement of the Mongol Khan, Nizhny Novgorod was incorporated into the Vladimir-Suzdal Principality in 1264. After 86 years its importance further increased when the seat of the powerful Suzdal Principality was moved here from Gorodets in 1350. Grand Duke Dmitry Konstantinovich sought to make his capital a rival worthy of Moscow; the earliest extant manuscript of the Russian Primary Chronicle, the Laurentian Codex, was written for him by the local monk Laurentius in 1377. After the city's incorporation into the Grand Duchy of Moscow in 1392, the local princes took the name Shuisky and settled in Moscow, where they were prominent at the court and ascended the throne in the person of Vasily IV. After being burnt by the powerful Crimean Tatar chief Edigu in 1408, Nizhny Novgorod was restored and regarded by the Muscovites as a great stronghold in their wars against the Tatars of Kazan; the enormous red-brick kremlin, one of the strongest and earliest preserved citadels in Russia, was built in 1508–1511 under the supervision of Peter the Italian.
The fortress was strong enough to withstand Tatar sieges in 1520 and 1536. In 1612, the so-called "national militia", gathered by a local merchant, Kuzma Minin, commanded by Knyaz Dmitry Pozharsky expelled the Polish troops from Moscow, thus putting an end to the "Time of Troubles" and establishing the rule of the Romanov dynasty; the main square in front of the Kremlin is named after Minin and Pozharsky, although it is locally known as Minin Square. Minin's remains are buried in the citadel. In the course of the following century, the city prospered commercially and was chosen by the Stroganovs as a base for their operations. A particular style of architec
Sretensky Monastery (Moscow)
Sretensky Monastery is an Orthodox monastery in Moscow, founded by Grand Prince Vasili I in 1397. It used to be located close to the present-day Red Square, but in the early 16th century it was moved northeast to what is now Bolshaya Lubyanka Street; the Sretensky Monastery gave its name to adjacent streets and byways, namely Sretenka Street, Sretensky Boulevard, Sretensky Lane, Sretensky Deadend, Sretensky Gates Square. Unlike most other Russian Orthodox churches of the same name the monastery is not, as might be expected, named after one of the twelve Great Feasts of Russian Orthodox Church Sretenie Gospodne, with Sretenie being a Church Slavonic word for "meeting"; the origin of the monastery's name comes from the fact that it was built on the spot where the muscovites and the ruling Prince had met the icon of Our Lady of Vladimir on August 26, 1395, moved from Vladimir to Moscow to protect the capital from the imminent invasion of Tamerlane. Soon thereafter, the armies of Tamerlane retreated and the grateful monarch founded the monastery to commemorate the miracle.
In 1552, the Muscovites gathered at the walls of the monastery to meet the Russian army returning after the conquest of Kazan. In 1925, the monastery was closed down. In 1928-1930, most of its buildings were dismantled by the Soviets, including the Church of Mary of Egypt and Church of Saint Nicholas. Only the Cathedral of the Meeting of the Icon of Our Lady of Vladimir with a side chapel to the Nativity of John the Forerunner survived to this day. Services in the Vladimirsky Cathedral resumed in 1991; the cathedral was transferred to the authority of the Pskovo-Pechorsky Monastery in 1994, but nowadays it is a separate monastic establishment, with Patriarch Kirill as its archimandrite. Since 1998 the Monasteries is headed by Bishop Tikhon as the Patriarch's representative. In November 2013, an official body that oversees construction on heritage sites approved the construction of a huge monastery church dedicated to the New Martyrs and Confessors of the Russian Orthodox Church; the 61-metre-high building, fittingly situated next door to the infamous Lubyanka Prison, was completed in early 2017, in time for the 100th anniversary of the October Revolution when attacks on the Russian Orthodox Church had begun.
Architectural preservationists voiced their concern that the outsize building would irrevocably alter the surrounding cityscape. English web-site of Sretensky monastery Official website
Tula is an industrial city and the administrative center of Tula Oblast, located 193 kilometers south of Moscow, on the Upa River. Population: 501,169 ; the name of the city is pre-Russian Baltic, origin. The word Tula means canvas rucksack. Spanish immigrants and explorers named some of their discoveries Tula. Tula was first mentioned in the Nikon Chronicle in 1146; as the chronicle was written in the 16th century, the date is disputed. The first confirmed mention of Tula dates to 1382. In the Middle Ages, Tula was a minor fortress at the border of the Principality of Ryazan; as soon as it passed to the Grand Duchy of Moscow, a brick citadel, or kremlin, was constructed in 1514–1521. It was a key fortress of the Great Abatis Belt and resisted a siege by the Tatars in 1552. In 1607, Ivan Bolotnikov and his supporters seized the citadel and withstood a four-months siege by the Tsar's army. In the 18th century, some parts of the kremlin walls were demolished. Despite its archaic appearance, the five-domed Assumption Cathedral in the kremlin was built as late as 1764.
In 1712, Tula was visited by Peter the Great, who commissioned the Demidov blacksmiths to build the first armament factory in Russia. Several decades Tula was turned by the Demidovs into the greatest ironworking center of Eastern Europe; the oldest museum in the city, showcasing the history of weapons, was inaugurated by the Demidovs in 1724, Nicholas-Zaretsky Church in the city houses their family vault. The first factory to produce samovars industrially was established there in the course of the 18th century. After the Demidovs moved the center of their manufacture to the Urals, Tula continued as a center of heavy industry in the manufacture of matériel. In the 1890s, Ivan Savelyev, a medical orderly, became the founder of social democracy in Tula and set up a workers' study circle; the city grew in the early 20th century as a result of arms production during the 1905 Russo-Japanese War and World War I. Tula's factories manufactured weapons for the Red Army during the Russian Civil War of 1918–1921.
During the World War II of 1941–1945, the city was important in the production of armaments. Tula became the target of a German offensive to break Soviet resistance in the Moscow area between Friday, October 24 and December 5, 1941. According to Erik Durschmied in The Weather Factor, The Day The Panzers Froze, 5th December 1941, one General Reached the South Western Outskirts of Tula on 29th-30th October 1941; the fortified city held out and Guderian's Second Panzer Army was stopped near Tula. The city secured the southern flank during the Battle of Moscow and the subsequent counter-offensive. Tula was awarded the title Hero City in 1976, it is home to the Tula Arms Plant. Tula serves as the administrative center of the oblast. Within the framework of administrative divisions, it is incorporated as Tula City Under Oblast Jurisdiction—an administrative unit with the status equal to that of the districts; as a municipal division, the territories of Tula City Under Oblast Jurisdiction and of Leninsky District are incorporated as Tula Urban Okrug.
Sergey Kazakov Vladimir Mogilnikov Alisa Tolkachyova Yevgeny Avilov Aleksandr Prokopuk Yuri Tskipuri For more than four centuries Tula has been known as a center of crafts and metalworking. Tula is a developed industrial center. Importance in the industrial structure of Tula are metallurgy and metal with a high share of the military-industrial complex and food manufacturing. Almaz-Antey Concern: Scientific Production Association Strela Splav part of the Techmash holding of Rostec. Tula is renowned for traditional Russian pryanik, cookies made with honey and spices. In the West, Tula is best known as the center of samovar production: the Russian equivalent of "coals to Newcastle" is "You don't take a samovar to Tula"; the most popular tourist attraction in Tula Oblast is Yasnaya Polyana, the home and burial place of the writer Leo Tolstoy. It is situated 14 kilometres south-west of the city, it was here that Tolstoy wrote his celebrated novels Anna Karenina. Tula is home to: Tula State University Tula State Pedagogical University The Tula artillery and Engineering Institute A branch of the All Russia Economic and Finance Institute A branch of The Moscow Economics and Management Institute Since 1867, there has been a railway connection between Tula and Moscow.
Tula is a major railway junction with trains to Moscow, Oryol and Kaluga. The Moscow to Simferopol M2 motorway runs past the city
For the eponymous Kiev monastery, see Brotherhood Monastery The Epiphany Monastery is the oldest male monastery in Moscow, situated in the Kitai gorod, just one block away from the Moscow Kremlin. According to a legend, it was founded by Daniel, the first prince of Moscow, around 1296, it is believed that a would-be metropolitan Alexis was one of the monks at this monastery. Stefan, Sergii Radonezhski's older brother, was the first recorded hegumen of this cloister; the first stone church at the Bogoyavlensky monastery was founded in 1342. In 1382, the monastery was sacked by Tokhtamysh's horde. In 1427, it suffered an outbreak of pestilence; the monastery survived numerous fires, the most important being recorded in 1547, 1551, 1687 and 1737. The Epiphany monastery has always been under the patronage of grand tsars. By the order of Ivan the Terrible, the monastery became a collection facility for metayage and fodder. In 1584, the tsar donated a substantial amount of money for the remembrance of the disgraced.
In 1632, the Epiphany monastery was granted an exclusive right for tax free floating of a certain amount of building materials and firewood. The monastery had its own stables and rented out its own facilities. Vasili III, Ivan the Terrible, Boris Godunov, the Romodanovsky boyars, Xenia Repnina, others donated some of their sizeable estates to the monastery. In 1680-1687, the Epiphany monastery was home to a school of the Likhud brothers, which would be transferred to the Zaikonospassky monastery and transformed into the famous Slavic Greek Latin Academy; the now-existing Epiphany cathedral was consecrated in 1696. A splendid specimen of the Muscovite baroque style, it incorporated some notable medieval sepulchres. In the 1690s, they built cells for monks and abbot's chamber, which would be re-built in the 1880s. In 1739, a belltower was erected. By 1744, the monastery had owned 216 peasant homesteads and 1014 peasants. In 1764, monastic real estate was confiscated. Thenceforth monastery's staff included more than 17 monks.
In 1788, the Epiphany monastery was proclaimed a residence of the vicarian bishop of the Moscow bishopric. In the late 18th century, the buildings enclosing the monastery were rented out to the haberdashers. In 1905-1909, they built a building with "office space" for rent. By 1907, The Bogoyavlensky monastery had had 14 monks and 18 novitiates and owned 60 desyatinas of land, it was receiving an allowance of 1245 rubles from the state treasury. After the October Revolution, the Epiphany monastery was closed down. In 1929, they stopped holding services in the Bogoyavlensky cathedral; the monastic facilities were first transformed into a campus for students of the Mining Academy and workers, engaged in the subway construction, - into metalworks. In the 1950s, they built an office building on the site of the monastery; the cathedral, monk cells and abbot's chamber were the only buildings to survive. In May, 1991, the Epiphany monastery was restored and returned to the Russian Orthodox Church. Media related to Bogoyavlensky Monastery at Wikimedia Commons
Belozersk is a town and the administrative center of Belozersky District in Vologda Oblast, located on the southern bank of Lake Beloye, from which it takes the name, 214 kilometers northwest of Vologda, the administrative center of the oblast. Population: 9,616 , it was known as Beloozero. Known as Beloozero until 1777, it was first chronicled in 862 as one of the five original Russian towns. According to the Primary Chronicle, Sineus, a brother of Rurik, became the prince of Beloozero in 862. However, Sineus most never existed. On several occasions, the settlement was moved from one bank of the lake to another. In the 11th century, the region was still inhabited by Finno-Ugric tribes who fiercely resisted Christianization. In 1071, local pagan priests rose in rebellion, put down by the Kievan commander Yan Vyshatich; the Primary Chronicle reports that the dead bodies of priests were suspended from an oak tree, until they were torn to pieces by a bear. From the 10th to the 13th centuries, the territory was controlled by the Novgorod Republic.
Beloozero was the seat of a small principality between 1238 and the 1370s, but subsequently between 1380 and 1384 became subordinate to the Grand Duchy of Moscow. On July 10, 1612, Polish and Lithuanian vagabonds captured Belozersk without a fight, looting the town. In the course of the administrative reform carried out in 1708 by Peter the Great, Beloozero was included into Ingermanland Governorate and named one of the towns constituting the governorate. In 1727, a separate Novgorod Governorate was split off and Belozersk became the seat of Belozersk Province in Novgorod Governorate. In 1776, the territory was transferred to Novgorod Viceroyalty. In 1796, the viceroyalty was abolished and Belozersky Uyezd became a part of Novgorod Governorate. In June 1918, five uyezds of Novgorod Governorate, including Belozersky Uyezd, were split off to form Cherepovets Governorate, with the administrative center in Cherepovets. On August 1, 1927, Cherepovets Governorate was abolished and its territory became Cherepovets Okrug of Leningrad Oblast.
At the same time, uyezds were abolished and Belozersky District was established. On September 23, 1937, Belozersky District was transferred to newly established Vologda Oblast. Within the framework of administrative divisions, Belozersk serves as the administrative center of Belozersky District; as an administrative division, it is incorporated within Belozersky District as the town of district significance of Belozersk. As a municipal division, the town of district significance of Belozersk, together with four rural localities in Glushkovsky Selsoviet and two rural localities in Kunostsky Selsoviet of Belozersky District, is incorporated within Belozersky Municipal District as Belozersk Urban Settlement. Belozersk falls just within the subarctic climate range, with the fourth-warmest month being just below the isotherm of 10 °C to nearby humid continental areas. Winters are cold but not severe by Russian standards for areas north of the 60th parallel; the economy of Belozersk is based on the food industries.
Belozersk is connected by all-seasonal roads with Cherepovets and Lipin Bor. There are local roads; the Belozersky Canal, a part of the Volga–Baltic Waterway, which connects the river courses of the Sheksna and the Kovzha, runs through Belozersk, bypassing Lake Beloye from the south. The town of Belozersk is classified as a historical town by the Ministry of Culture of Russia, which implies certain restrictions on construction in the historical center; the medieval monuments in the town center are the Assumption Church and the Transfiguration Cathedral. The wooden shrine of St. Elijah was built in 1690; the neighborhood is rich in old cloisters, such as Ferapontov Monasteries. Two of the most famous medieval icons were created in the 13th century in Belozersk: the Virgin of the White Lake and Saints Peter and Paul, they constitute an intermediate style between Northern icon painting. The Belozersky Local Museum located in Belozersk is an umbrella organization which not only hosts ethnographic and historical exhibits, but manages the most important architectural monuments in Belozersk such as the Transfiguration Cathedral.
Northern Thebaid Законодательное Собрание Вологодской области. Закон №371-ОЗ от 4 июня 1999 г. «О вопросах административно-территориального устройства Вологодской области», в ред. Закона №2916-ОЗ от 7 декабря 2012 г. «О внесении изменений в Закон области "О вопросах административно-территориального устройства Вологодской области"». Вступил в силу со дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Красный Север", №124–125, 29 июля 1999 г.. Правительство Вологодской области. Постановление №178 от 1 марта 2010 г. «Об утверждении реестра административно-территориальных единиц Вологодской области», в ред. Постановления №686 от 25 июня 2012 г. «О внесении изменений в некоторые Постановления Правительства области». Вступил в силу 20 марта 2010 г. Опубликован: "Красный Север", №29, 20 марта 2010 г. (Government of Vologda Oblast. Resolution #178 of March 1, 20
Vasili IV of Russia
Vasili IV was Tsar of Russia between 1606 and 1610 after the murder of False Dmitriy I. His reign fell during the Time of Troubles, he was the only member of House of Shuysky to become Tsar and the last member of the Rurikid dynasty to rule. He was a son of Ivan Andreyevich Shuisky. Born Prince Vasili Ivanovich Shuisky, he was descended from sovereign princes of Nizhny Novgorod and a 20th generation male line descendant of the Varangian prince Rurik, he was one of the leading boyars of Tsardom of Russia during the reigns of Feodor I and Boris Godunov. In all the court intrigues of the Time of Troubles and his younger brother Dmitry Shuisky acted together and fought as one, it was he who, in obedience to the secret orders of Tsar-to-be Boris, went to Uglich to inquire into the cause of the death of the Tsarevich Dmitry Ivanovich, the youngest son of Ivan the Terrible, who had perished there in mysterious circumstances. Shuisky reported that it was a case of suicide, though rumors abounded that the Tsarevich had been assassinated on the orders of the regent Boris Godunov.
Some suspected that Dmitry escaped the assassination and that another boy was killed in his place, providing impetus for the repeated appearance of impostors. On the death of Boris, who had become tsar, the accession of his son Feodor II, Shuisky went back upon his own words in order to gain favour with the pretender False Dmitriy I, attempting to gain the throne by impersonating the dead Tsarevich. Shuisky recognized the pretender as the "real" Dmitry despite having earlier determined the boy had committed suicide, thus bringing about the assassination of the young Feodor. Shuisky conspired against the false Dmitriy and brought about his death. After stating publicly that the real Dmitriy had indeed been slain and that the reigning tsar was an impostor, Shuisky's adherents thereupon proclaimed him tsar on 19 May 1606, he reigned until 19 July 1610, but was never recognized. In Moscow itself he had little or no authority, he only avoided deposition by the dominant boyars because they had no one to replace him with.
The popularity of his cousin, Prince Mikhail Skopin-Shuisky, who commanded an army aided by a small allied Swedish army led by Jacob de la Gardie, demanding cessions of Russian territory in Karelia in return, allowed Shuisky, for a time, to remain on his unstable throne. In 1610, he was deposed by his former adherents Princes Mstislavsky, he was made a monk and transported together with his two brothers to Warsaw by the Polish hetman Stanisław Żółkiewski. He died a prisoner in the castle of Gostynin, near Warsaw, in 1612, followed soon by his brother Dmitry. There they were forced to perform the Shuysky Tribute before Senate; the Romanovs, elected in 1613, did recognize Vasili posthumously as a legal tsar, during their negotiations with the Polish authorities demanded the right to rebury his body in Russia. Following the Treaty of Polyanovka in 1635, Vasili's remains were returned to Moscow and laid to rest in the Archangel Cathedral. Vasili Shuisky was married twice, his first wife, Elena Mikhailovna Repnina, died prior his election to tsardom, he had no children from that marriage.
After his coronation, Vasili remarried Princess Ekaterina Buynosova-Rostovskaya, whose name was changed to Maria, deemed more suitable for a tsarina consort. They had two daughters together, Princesses Anna and Anastasia of all the Russias, but both died in infancy during their father's reign, were buried in the Old Maiden's Convent in Kremlin; as both brothers of Vasili, Princes Dmitri Shuisky and Ivan Shuisky the Button, died childless, the Shuiskys' princely house became extinct after the death of the latter in 1638. The future Tsar Vasili IV serves as a character in Alexander Pushkin's blank verse drama Boris Godunov and Modest Mussorgsky's opera of the same name. In both depictions, the character is a master of palace intrigue. Despite being aware that Tsar Boris ordered the assassination of the child Tsarevich Dmitriy, Vasili Shuisky remains outwardly loyal, only switching his support to the Pretender when the latter appears to win. Pushkin described his intention to write further plays about the Time of Troubles.
About Vasili Shuisky, Pushkin wrote, "I intend to return to Shuisky also. In the historical account he shows a singular mixture of audacity and strength of character. Lackey of Godunov, he is one of the first boyars to go over to Dmitri's side, he is the first one who conspires, note this, he is the one who risks himself. He is about to lose his head, Dmitri pardons him when he's on the scaffold, he exiles him, with the thoughtless generousity of this amiable adventurer, he recalls him to court, covers him with gifts and honors. What does Shuisky do -- he who has come so close to the hatchet and the block? He has nothing more important to do than conspire anew, to succeed, to have himself elected Tsar, to fall and during his fall to preserve more dignity and strength of spirit than he had had in his entire life." Only Pushkin's death in a duel at the age of 37 prevented him from composing further plays about the reigns of Tsars Dmitriy and Vasili IV. Tsars of Russia family tree Shuysky Tribute Attribution This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Bain, Robert Nisbet.
"Basil s.v. Basil IV.". In Chisholm, Hugh. Encyclopædia Britannica. 3 (11t