click links in text for more info
SUMMARY / RELATED TOPICS

Vote Smart

Vote Smart called Project Vote Smart, is a non-profit, non-partisan research organization that collects and distributes information on candidates for public office in the United States. It covers candidates and elected officials in six basic areas: background information, issue positions, voting records, campaign finances, interest group ratings, speeches and public statements; this information is distributed via their web site, a toll-free phone number, print publications. The president of the organization since its founding is Richard Kimball. PVS provides records of public statements, contact information for state and local election offices, polling place and absentee ballot information, ballot measure descriptions for each state, links to federal and state government agencies, links to political parties and issue organizations. In 1986, Richard Kimball ran unsuccessfully for one of Arizona's two U. S. Senate seats. In a candidates' debate, he described the campaign process to prospective voters: Understand what we do to you.

We spend all of our time raising money from strangers we do not know. We spend it in three specific ways: First we measure you, what it is you want to purchase in the political marketplace — just like Campbell's soup or Kellogg's cereal. Next, we hire some consultants. Lastly, we bombard you with the meaningless, emotional nonsense, always the result, and whichever one of us does. Kimball used this philosophy to found Vote Smart in 1992, his founding board included Presidents Jimmy Carter and Gerald Ford, plus Republican U. S. Senator Barry Goldwater and Democratic U. S. Senators George McGovern and William Proxmire as well as other nationally known figures. Based at Oregon State University in Corvallis, Oregon, PVS established its headquarters and research center in 1999 at the Great Divide Ranch near Philipsburg, Montana. In 2006, Vote Smart added a branch at The University of Arizona in Arizona. Coincident with this move, Vote Smart gave its president Richard Kimball a pay increase, criticized by some alumni and contributed to a reduction in its Charity Navigator score.

In December 2010, the Tucson office was closed in preparation for two new satellite research offices. The reason for the closure of the Tucson branch was related to the university's budget cuts, which eliminated Vote Smart's "rent-free space at a 1,500- square-foot house off the main campus." In January 2011, Vote Smart moved its Key Votes Department and Political Courage Test Department to facilities offered by both the University of Texas-Austin and the University of Southern California. Vote Smart has since left the University of Southern California and moved its Political Courage Department to its Montana research center. In March 2014, Vote Smart laid off six employees. A seventh employee quit because of the sudden layoffs. In August 2016, Vote Smart announced that it would be selling its 150-acre ranch near Philipsburg and relocating its headquarters after the November 2016 U. S. presidential election. Kimball said the ranch's secluded location, which housed 40 interns, had caused issues: "We have all the problems a university does with the experimental, hormonal torrent, the young.

Only in the wilderness such things can become dangerous. Love was requited and denied, marriages were created, fights ensued, drinkers crashed, injuries of every sort, hospital trips too numerous to recall, some to sustain life, distressingly, three deaths." Drake University in Des Moines, Iowa was announced as the new headquarters. Vote Smart says that it does not accept contributions from corporations, labor unions, political parties, or other organizations that lobby, support or oppose candidates or issues. Donors to the organization have included the Ford Foundation, the Carnegie Corporation of New York, the John S. and James L. Knight Foundation. Individual contributors are considered members, are given the opportunity to visit their headquarters at the Great Divide Ranch where they work as research volunteers alongside interns and staff; the Political Courage Test is an American initiative intended to increase transparency in American politics. It is part of the voter education organization Vote Smart's candidate information program.

With a view towards elections, the test seeks to obtain answers from election candidates, describing their respective stances on a variety of popular issues in American politics. This information is made available to voters in a selection-driven, standardized format. In 2008, Project Vote Smart kicked John McCain off of the organization's board due to his refusal to fill out the Political Courage Test; the response to the Political Courage Test has dropped, from 72% in 1996 to 48% in 2008 and further to 20% by 2016, because politicians from both parties are afraid that challengers will use their responses out of context in attack ads, according to The Wall Street Journal. Rep. Anne Gannon, Democratic leader pro tempore of the Florida House of Representatives, stated: "We tell our candidates not to do it, it sets them up for a hit piece." In response, Vote Smart has tried to shame politicians into it, lets them leave up to 30% of answers blank. VoteEasy is "the interactive tool that enables voters to compare their position on various issues with that of a candidate."

It was introduced by Vote Smart during the 2010 election season. Following its launch, VoteEasy was a topic of interest among several national news organizations including CBS News, The New York Times, the Christian Science Monitor. Center for Respo

Alfian Sa'at

Alfian bin Sa'at is a Singaporean writer and playwright. He is known for his provocative works and is referred to as his country's enfant terrible. Alfian bin Sa'at is a Muslim Singaporean of Minangkabau and Chinese Hakka descent. An alumnus of Tampines Primary School, Raffles Institution, Raffles Junior College, Alfian was the chairman of the drama societies, both known as Raffles Players, in both RI and RJC, he took part in the Creative Arts Programme twice – once at fifteen, a second time at seventeen – both times under the mentorship of Haresh Sharma. He has since returned to the programme as an occasional mentor. During his two years at RJC, Alfian received the Kripalani Award for Outstanding Contribution to Creative Arts. Alfian did not graduate. In 1998, Alfian published his first collection of One Fierce Hour at the age of twenty-one; the book was acclaimed as "truly a landmark for poetry " by The Straits Times, Alfian himself was described by Malaysia's New Straits Times as "one of the most acclaimed poets in his country... a prankish provocateur, libertarian hipster".

A year Alfian published his first collection of short stories, which won the Singapore Literature Prize Commendation Award. Seven of the short stories from the collection have since been adapted for television. In 2001, he published his second collection of poetry, A History of Amnesia, hailed by The Straits Times as "one of the most powerful collections by a Singaporean" in addition to being shortlisted for a Kiriyama Asia-Pacific Book Prize. Alfian won both the inaugural National Arts Council-Singapore Press Holdings Golden Point Award for Poetry in the same year, as well as the National Arts Council's Young Artist Award for Literature. Alfian's plays, written in both English and Malay, have received broad attention in both Singapore and Malaysia, they have been translated into German and Swedish, have been read and performed in London, Stockholm, Berlin and Munich. His first play was produced when he was 19, he has had a long association as a playwright with theatre group The Necessary Stage as well as with Teater Ekamatra, a Malay theatre group known for articulating minority concerns in Chinese-majority Singapore.

Alfian is the resident playwright of theatre group W! LD RICE. In 2015, Nadirah was selected by The Business Times as one of the "finest plays in 50 years" alongside productions by Goh Poh Seng, Michael Chiang and Haresh Sharma and others. In 2016, it was reported that sex.violence.blood.gore, a play he co-wrote, his short story collection Malay Sketches is on the reading list of the School of Oriental and African Studies, University of London, while the University of York has his poem "Singapore You Are Not My Country" and West Virginia University his selected poems on their reading lists. In particular, the University of York's Dr Claire Chambers noted that this was because Alfian "introduces non-Anglophone words and concepts, puts together words in an expressive portmanteau style". 1995 – Kripalani Award for Outstanding Contribution to Creative Arts 1998 – Commendation Award by the Malay Language Council for Causeway 1999 – Singapore Literature Prize Commendation Award for Corridor 2001 – Golden Point Award for Poetry 2001 – Young Artist Award for Literature 2005 – Life!

Theatre Awards for Best Original Script for Landmarks: Asian Boys Vol. 2 2006 – FRONT Award 2010 – Life! Theatre Awards for Best Original Script for Nadirah 2014 - Life! Theatre Awards for Best Original Script for Kakak Kau Punya Laki Naif's journal – The blog of Alfian Sa'at

Washington Valley, New Jersey

Washington Valley is an unincorporated community in the Whippany River valley within Morris Township in Morris County, New Jersey. There are several historic properties in the encompassing Washington Valley Historic District, added to the National Register of Historic Places on November 12, 1992; the Washington Valley Schoolhouse, a one room schoolhouse built in 1869 and located at the intersection of Washington Valley Road and Schoolhouse Lane, was added to the NRHP on October 15, 1973. The John Smith House, built in 1812 and located at 124 Washington Valley Road, was added to the NRHP on January 1, 1976

Geosite Travertino della Cava Cappuccini (Alcamo)

The Geosite Travertino della Cava Cappuccini is located in Alcamo, in the province of Trapani, in Sicily. Since 2010 the Ministry of the Environment), through l’ISPRA had included it in the official list of Italian geosites. By decree of 1 December 2015, the Regional Department of Land and Environment has established this geosite, recognising it of a Paleontological/Stratigraphic type of worldwide importance, its area is formed by a narrow strip of land at its beginning. The travertine quarries were recovered some years ago, thanks to the financing of the European funds of the Por-Fesr 2007/2013; the project of requalification and the realization of an amphitheatre at disposal of the Cittadella dei giovani in the area of Orto di Ballo, had put part of the Paleontological site in danger. Among the modifications, there are some works tending to reduce the visual impact of the amphitheatre at the distance of six metres from the quarry’s walls: the bleachers will lean on the natural slope existing on the south side.

The cave of travertine Orto di Ballo is a important site for Paleontology because this travertine dates back to Pleistocene and for its interesting geologic and geomorphological characteristics. At the end of 1984, inside the quarry of the cooperative "Siciltravertino", they found the fossilized shell of a tortoise, Geochelone sp, 1,15 metres long, some eggs; these two finds are kept at the Museum of paleontology and geology Gaetano Giorgio Gemmellaro in Palermo. The tortoise present in the Pleistocene of Malta, recalls those which are still living, in a great number, at Aldabra, a big atoll and protected nature reserve, located near the Seychelles. In the geosite of Alcamo they have discovered the skeleton of a dwarf elephant, Elephas falconeri,. Inside the travertine they have found some specimens of the giant edible dormouse, red deer, wild boar, kept at the Civic Museum Torre di Ligny of Trapani; the site has made possible to establish the right dating of the Elephas in Sicily, as in one of the splits of the travertine, with paleosol inside it, they found the remains of an elephant of average size, the Elephas mnaidriensis, which at first had been wrongly considered the progenitor of the dwarf elephant.

Alcamo Mount Bonifato Quarry Travertine Roman furnaces in Alcamo "gurs regione sicilia". "La mia tesi". "Visit Alcamo". Archived from the original on 2017-04-29. Retrieved 2017-04-27. "Museo geologico Gemellaro". "Alcamo-Ex cave Orto di ballo". "Alcamo riaperte le cave orto di ballo". "Alcamo nella cava di travertino sorgera la piazza-anfiteatro". "Alcamo, oggi alle 16.00 inaugurazione della "Cittadella dei giovani"". "Trapani: assessore Sicilia inaugura cave di travertino di Alcamo". Gruppo Archeologico Drepanon: Bonifato - La montagna ritrovata. E Cani M.: Sul ritrovamento di elefanti fossili ad Alcamo – Il Naturalista Siciliano, Palermo,1988 Bonfiglio L. E Burgio E. 1992. Significato paleoambientale e cronologico delle mammalofaune pleistoceniche della Sicilia in relazione all’evoluzione paleogeografica. Di Patti.

Cranford, London

Cranford is a suburban area and part of the Hounslow district in the London Borough of Hounslow, England. It is located 12.5 miles west of Charing Cross and east of Heathrow Airport, from which it is separated by the River Crane. A village till the mid-20th century village, Cranford was developed with the building of major roads in its area, its name came from Anglo-Saxon cran-ford = "ford of cranes" as at the time the word heron was not used for that bird and it covered an north-south rectangle lengthwise of 737 acres. Before the Norman Conquest, the village was a small Saxon settlement in all senses surrounded by its open fields abutting the north of Hounslow Heath and was in Elthorne Hundred for troop-mustering and taxation purposes; the Domesday Book of 1086 records the manor of Cranford being given to a Norman baron, William Fitz Ansulf. By the 13th century, the main area of Cranford Park and House, the High Street and Bath Road had been given to the Knights Templar as Cranforde St John.

The rest, Cranford le Mote, included the manor house and stretched in a narrow taper to the north of the present M4. The manors were reunited by purchase by Sir Roger Aston, an official to the King, 64 years after the Dissolution of the Monasteries and were bought by Sir Thomas Berkeley's widow Elizabeth in 1618; these stayed in the Berkeley family, who granted smallholdings over this period, until selling the house and Cranford Park to Hayes and Harlington Urban District Council in 1932, before being sold again to Middlesex County Council in 1935. The Park was leased back to Hayes and Harlington Urban District Council who jointly administered it with Heston and Isleworth Borough Council, to whom Cranford had been transferred in 1934. For the history of the south of the present ward this was part of Hounslow Heath within Heston parish. There was a ford to the north of the church on Watersplash Lane, but the main crossing was where the bridge replaced it on the Bath Road; the river was widened in the 18th century, on either side of the Church Road to form two ornamental lakes.

By 1820 there were at least four large ponds, three of which lay in the village on the edge of the common on the Southall Road. The fourth lay east of the moat. By 1958 these had all been drained; the village still has some distinguished houses, including Stansfield House, a 17th-century listed building. Cranford has one of only two remaining "lock-ups" in the Metropolitan Police area, this one built in 1838 to hold drunks and vagrants overnight, before finding use as a mortuary for the parish council; the wider borough states that Cranford "was described for centuries as one of the smallest and prettiest villages in Middlesex". The Berkeley family gave their name to Berkeley Parade, where there are now many shops convenience or regular services, which were built on remaining common land open fields on the south of the Bath Road in the 1930s – the "château-type" buildings with little slated turrets were branded "ingenious architectural fun" in the journal Architectural Review in 1939; the Parkway was built in 1959 as a bypass and this became a link to the 1960-1964-built M4 motorway cutting through the north end of the area.

Both had considerable impact on the area. Much of Heston was developed in the early 1930s and this extended westward towards Cranford which became developed to the west and south of the Parkway; the Parkway has cut Cranford in two, severing the high street into two sections, along many sections there is not a pavement for pedestrians though instead a green footpath alongside an inter-London trunk route. St Dunstan's Church stands in Cranford Park, adjacent to the stable block of Cranford House; the oldest surviving part is its 15th-century tower. There was a priest at Cranford in 1086, when he held 1 virgate of land, so the Victoria County History states there was a church; the benefice us a rectory – no secular church tithe appropriation took place in return for chancel upkeep, by an improprietor, which gives rise to the need to have a vicar. The advowson was medievally for over a century held by two religious orders, the Knights Templars and the Hospitallers The tower and the nave survived a fire in 1710, the repairs were paid for by Elizabeth, Dowager Countess of Berkeley in 1716.

Notable monuments in the church include a large wall monument to Sir Roger Aston and his wife Mary, sculpted by William Cure I. The oldest bell in the church was cast in 1338 and is said to have chimed on every occasion of national importance since. One of Cranford's residents was the MP and writer Grantley Berkeley, known for his violent behaviour, his brother, Earl Fitzhardinge, was the patron of the church, although convicted for criminal conversation: he died unmarried and without legitimate children. Cranford remains on the eastern side of the River Crane and included an opposing west field and old field, today housing in the Harlington part of Hayes, part of Cranford Park and an area of the hotels and car parks east of Heathrow Airport; the parish is drained by its one large stream that flows southwards past it and waters its flat gravel subsoil, the surface being hardy loam. The community occupies the highest land in the borough, rising from 20m in the west to its peak of 30m around Heston.

The remaining main green space other than Cranford Park is Rectory Farm

Shall We Dance? (TV series)

Shall We Dance? is a Filipino reality dance competition program on TV5 and was hosted by Lucy Torres-Gomez from November 6, 2005 to March 28, 2010. This is the first television program in the Philippines to use a steadicam; the show features a ballroom dancing competition between three celebrities. Each celebrity is paired up with a dance instructor; the next portion of the show is a competition between three non-showbiz dance pairs. All performances are evaluated by a panel of three judges; the last portion of the show is a dance instructional by one of Ednah Ledesma. This portion features a step-by-step lesson by Ledesma of a ballroom dance. Lucy Torres, dubbed "Asia's Dance Goddess" Arnel Ignacio Jon Avila Victor Basa John Lapus Tuesday Vargas Wilma Doesnt Ednah Ledesma Regine Tolentino Douglas Nierras Ryan Agoncillo Paolo Bediones Audie Gemora Dominic Ochoa Best Talent Search Program Best Talent Search Program Host – Lucy Torres-Gomez, Arnel Ignacio, Dominic Ochoa List of programs broadcast by The 5 Network List of programs aired by The 5 Network