Kenneth Max Copeland is an American televangelist, public speaker, musician associated with the Charismatic Movement. He has been identified as preaching a prosperity and abundance message referred to as the prosperity gospel, criticized by ministers from various denominations, his Tarrant County, Texas-based Kenneth Copeland Ministries advocates daily application of the "Word of God" from the Bible. KCM teaches biblical faith, healing and restoration through diverse media including television, books, CD and DVD. KCM's motto is "Jesus is Lord" from Romans 10:9. Kenneth Max Copeland was born in Texas, to Aubrey Wayne and Vinita Pearl Copeland, he was raised in West Texas near a United States Army Air Forces airfield, which inspired him to become a pilot. Copeland became the parents of Terri Copeland Pearsons. Kenneth married Gloria on April 13, 1963, they are the parents of Kellie Copeland Swisher. Gloria and the Copeland children work for KCM. Kellie preaches throughout the United States, as does Terri, who preaches at Eagle Mountain International Church, pastored by her husband, George Pearsons.
Prior to his conversion to Christianity in November 1962, Copeland was a recording artist on the Imperial Records label, having one Billboard Top 40 hit. Following his conversion, Copeland devoted his life to the ministry work. In the fall of 1967, he enrolled in Oral Roberts University, where he soon became pilot and chauffeur to Oral Roberts. For decades, Copeland's ministry has held three-to-six-day conventions across the United States; the number of longer set conventions has waned in recent years, although KCM still holds an annual Believer's Convention in his hometown of Fort Worth, during the week of July 4. Kenneth and Gloria Copeland, along with ministry friends including some family members preach at other conventions and conferences throughout the world; these events stream live on Copeland's website, kcm.org, as well as being shown on Christian television stations such as God TV and the Daystar Television Network. Portions of recorded conferences are shown Sundays; the Monday through Friday television broadcasts feature a Copeland family member, either alone or with another minister, discussing subjects from The Holy Bible.
Most of these episodes are available on BVOV.tv. In July 2015, KCM launched the Believer's Voice of Victory Network on channel 265 of Dish TV; the Gunslinger Covenant Rider The Treasure of Eagle Mountain Judgement: The Trial of Commander Kelley The Rally Superkid Academy: The Mission The Rally-LA Kenneth Copeland Ministries is located at 14355 Morris Dido Road, Fort Worth, TX 76192 on 33 acres, a property valued at $554,160 in 2008 by Tarrant Appraisal District. The site includes the Eagle Mountain International Church and radio production facilities and distribution facilities, residences for the Copeland family, Kenneth Copeland Airport. 500 people are employed by KCM. John Copeland is the ministry's chief operating officer. KCM owns a 1998 Cessna 550 Citation Bravo, which it received from a donor in October 2007 and is used for domestic flights, a 2005 Cessna 750 Citation X, which it uses for international flights, it is restoring a 1962 Beech H-18 Twin, which the ministry plans to use for disaster relief efforts.
In February 2007, Copeland was accused of using his ministry's Citation X for personal vacations and friends. The Copelands' financial records are not publicly available, a list of the board of directors is not accessible as these details are protected but known confidentially by the Internal Revenue Service. Responding to media questions, Copeland pointed to what he asserted was an accounting firm's declaration that all jet travel complies with federal tax laws. In December 2008, KCM's Citation Bravo was denied tax exemption after KCM refused to submit a standardized Texas Comptroller form that some county appraisal districts use to make determinations, which would have required making public the salary of all ministry staff. KCM subsequently filed suit with the Tarrant Appraisal District in January 2009 and its petition to have the aircraft's tax-exempt status restored was granted in March 2010. Kenneth Copeland Ministries has taken advantage of a Federal Aviation Administration program that keeps flights private from tracking websites, the ministry owns five such aircraft whose flights are kept private, including the Cessna 750 Citation X note above and a North American T-28 Trojan.
United States Senator Chuck Grassley has questioned some of the flights taken by these aircraft, including layovers in Maui and Honolulu. The ministries say that the stopovers were for allowing pilot rest. According to the Washington Times, Kenneth Copeland, has defended his use of private jets as a luxury means of travel, arguing that commercial planes are full of "a bunch of demons." According to The Christian Post, Kenneth Copeland Ministries was criticized in 2010 for failing to fly disaster relief missions to Haiti after promising an aviation relief assistance program called Angel Flight 44. The Angel Flight 44 ministry was announced by Kenneth Copeland Ministries in 2006 and the ministry attempted to raise money to fund it. Richard Vermillion, co-author of a book on Angel Flight 44 commissioned by Kenneth Copeland Ministries, said that Copeland promised to form the aviation ministry but now believes it was never created. A spokesperson for Kenneth Copeland Mini
Secularity is the state of being separate from religion, or of not being allied with or against any particular religion. The word secular was not related or linked to religion, but was a freestanding term in Latin which would relate to any mundane endeavour. However, the term, saecula saeculorum as found in the New Testament in the Vulgate translation of the original Koine Greek phrase "εἰς τοὺς αἰῶνας τῶν αἰώνων", e.g. at Galatians 1:5, was used in the early Christian church, in the doxologies, to denote the coming and going of the ages, the grant of eternal life, the long duration of created things from their beginning to forever and ever. The idea of a dichotomy between religion and the secular originated in the European Enlightenment. Furthermore, since religion and secular are both Western concepts that were formed under the influence of Christian theology, other cultures do not have words or concepts that resemble or are equivalent to them. In many cultures, "little conceptual or practical distinction is made between'natural' and'supernatural' phenomena" and the notions of religious and nonreligious dissolve into unimportance, nonexistence, or unawareness since people have beliefs in other supernatural or spiritual things irrespective of belief in God or gods.
Conceptions of what is and what is not religion vary in contemporary East Asia as well. The shared term for "irreligion" or "no religion" with which the majority of East Asian populations identify themselves implies non-membership in one of the institutional religions but not non-belief in traditional folk religions collectively represented by Chinese Shendao and Japanese Shinto. In modern Japan, religion has negative connotation since it is associated with foreign belief systems so many identify as "nonreligious", but this does not mean they have a complete rejection or absence of beliefs and rituals relating to supernatural, metaphysical, or spiritual things. In the Meiji era, the Japanese government consciously excluded Shinto from the category of religion in order to enforce State Shinto while asserting their state followed American-mandated requirements for freedom of religion. One can regard eating and bathing as examples of secular activities, because there may not be anything inherently religious about them.
Some religious traditions see both eating and bathing as sacraments, therefore making them religious activities within those world views. Saying a prayer derived from religious text or doctrine, worshipping through the context of a religion, performing corporal and spiritual works of mercy, attending a religious seminary school or monastery are examples of religious activities; the "secular" is experienced in diverse ways ranging from separation of religion and state to being anti-religion or pro-religion, depending on the culture. For example, the United States has both separation of church and state and pro-religiosity in various forms such as protection of religious freedoms. A related term, involves the principle that government institutions and their representatives should remain separate from religious institutions, their beliefs, their dignitaries. Many businesses and corporations, some governments operate on secular lines; this stands in contrast to government with deity as its highest authority.
Secular and secularity derive from the Latin word saeculum which meant "of a generation, belonging to an age" or denoted a period of about one hundred years. In the ancient world, saeculum was not defined in contrast to any sacred concerns and had a freestanding usage in Latin, it was in Christian Latin of medieval times, that saeculum was used for distinguishing this temporal age of the world from the eternal realm of God. The Christian doctrine that God exists outside time led medieval Western culture to use secular to indicate separation from religious affairs and involvement in temporal ones; this does not imply hostility to God or religion, though some use the term this way. According to cultural anthropologists such as Jack David Eller, secularity is best understood, not as being "anti-religious", but as being "religiously neutral" since many activities in religious bodies are secular themselves and most versions of secularity do not lead to irreligiosity. According to the anthropologist Jack David Eller's review of secularity, he observes that secularization is diverse and can vary by degree and kind.
He notes the sociologist Peter Glasner's ten institutional, normative, or cognitive processes for secularization as: Decline – the reduction in quantitative measures of religious identification and participation, such as lower church attendance/membership or dec
Federal Communications Commission
The Federal Communications Commission is an independent agency of the United States government created by statute to regulate interstate communications by radio, wire and cable. The FCC serves the public in the areas of broadband access, fair competition, radio frequency use, media responsibility, public safety, homeland security; the FCC was formed by the Communications Act of 1934 to replace the radio regulation functions of the Federal Radio Commission. The FCC took over wire communication regulation from the Interstate Commerce Commission; the FCC's mandated jurisdiction covers the 50 states, the District of Columbia, the Territories of the United States. The FCC provides varied degrees of cooperation and leadership for similar communications bodies in other countries of North America; the FCC is funded by regulatory fees. It has an estimated fiscal-2016 budget of US $388 million, it has 1,688 federal employees, made up of 50% males and 50% females as of December, 2017. The FCC's mission, specified in Section One of the Communications Act of 1934 and amended by the Telecommunications Act of 1996 is to "make available so far as possible, to all the people of the United States, without discrimination on the basis of race, religion, national origin, or sex, efficient and world-wide wire and radio communication services with adequate facilities at reasonable charges."
The Act furthermore provides that the FCC was created "for the purpose of the national defense" and "for the purpose of promoting safety of life and property through the use of wire and radio communications."Consistent with the objectives of the Act as well as the 1999 Government Performance and Results Act, the FCC has identified four goals in its 2018-22 Strategic Plan. They are: Closing the Digital Divide, Promoting Innovation, Protecting Consumers & Public Safety, Reforming the FCC's Processes; the FCC is directed by five commissioners appointed by the President of the United States and confirmed by the United States Senate for five-year terms, except when filling an unexpired term. The U. S. President designates one of the commissioners to serve as chairman. Only three commissioners may be members of the same political party. None of them may have a financial interest in any FCC-related business. † Commissioners may continue serving until the appointment of their replacements. However, they may not serve beyond the end of the next session of Congress following term expiration.
In practice, this means that commissioners may serve up to 1 1/2 years beyond the official term expiration dates listed above if no replacement is appointed. This would end on the date that Congress adjourns its annual session no than noon on January 4; the FCC is organized into seven Bureaus, which process applications for licenses and other filings, analyze complaints, conduct investigations and implement regulations, participate in hearings. The Consumer & Governmental Affairs Bureau develops and implements the FCC's consumer policies, including disability access. CGB serves as the public face of the FCC through outreach and education, as well as through their Consumer Center, responsible for responding to consumer inquiries and complaints. CGB maintains collaborative partnerships with state and tribal governments in such areas as emergency preparedness and implementation of new technologies; the Enforcement Bureau is responsible for enforcement of provisions of the Communications Act 1934, FCC rules, FCC orders, terms and conditions of station authorizations.
Major areas of enforcement that are handled by the Enforcement Bureau are consumer protection, local competition, public safety, homeland security. The International Bureau develops international policies in telecommunications, such as coordination of frequency allocation and orbital assignments so as to minimize cases of international electromagnetic interference involving U. S. licensees. The International Bureau oversees FCC compliance with the international Radio Regulations and other international agreements; the Media Bureau develops and administers the policy and licensing programs relating to electronic media, including cable television, broadcast television, radio in the United States and its territories. The Media Bureau handles post-licensing matters regarding direct broadcast satellite service; the Wireless Telecommunications Bureau regulates domestic wireless telecommunications programs and policies, including licensing. The bureau implements competitive bidding for spectrum auctions and regulates wireless communications services including mobile phones, public safety, other commercial and private radio services.
The Wireline Competition Bureau develops policy concerning wire line telecommunications. The Wireline Competition Bureau's main objective is to promote growth and economical investments in wireline technology infrastructure, development and services; the Public Safety and Homeland Security Bureau was launched in 2006 with a focus on critical communications infrastructure. The FCC has eleven Staff Offices; the FCC's Offices provide support services to the Bureaus. The Office of Administrative Law Judges is responsible for conducting hearings ordered by the Commission; the hearing function includes acting on interlocutory requests filed in the proceedings such as petitions to intervene, petitions to enlarge issues, contested discovery requests. An Administrative Law Judge, appointed under the Administrative Procedure Act, presides at the hearing during which documents and sworn testimony are received in evidence, witnesses are cross-examined. At the co
Ultra high frequency
Ultra high frequency is the ITU designation for radio frequencies in the range between 300 megahertz and 3 gigahertz known as the decimetre band as the wavelengths range from one meter to one tenth of a meter. Radio waves with frequencies above the UHF band fall into the super-high frequency or microwave frequency range. Lower frequency signals fall into lower bands. UHF radio waves propagate by line of sight, they are used for television broadcasting, cell phones, satellite communication including GPS, personal radio services including Wi-Fi and Bluetooth, walkie-talkies, cordless phones, numerous other applications. The IEEE defines the UHF radar band as frequencies between 1 GHz. Two other IEEE radar bands overlap the ITU UHF band: the L band between 1 and 2 GHz and the S band between 2 and 4 GHz. Radio waves in the UHF band travel entirely by line-of-sight propagation and ground reflection. UHF radio waves are blocked by hills and cannot travel far beyond the horizon, but can penetrate foliage and buildings for indoor reception.
Since the wavelengths of UHF waves are comparable to the size of buildings, trees and other common objects and diffraction from these objects can cause fading due to multipath propagation in built-up urban areas. Atmospheric moisture reduces, or attenuates, the strength of UHF signals over long distances, the attenuation increases with frequency. UHF TV signals are more degraded by moisture than lower bands, such as VHF TV signals. Since UHF transmission is limited by the visual horizon to 30–40 miles and to shorter distances by local terrain, it allows the same frequency channels to be reused by other users in neighboring geographic areas. Public safety, business communications and personal radio services such as GMRS, PMR446, UHF CB are found on UHF frequencies as well as IEEE 802.11 wireless LANs. The adopted GSM and UMTS cellular networks use UHF cellular frequencies. Radio repeaters are used to retransmit UHF signals when a distance greater than the line of sight is required; when conditions are right, UHF radio waves can travel long distances by tropospheric ducting as the atmosphere warms and cools throughout the day.
The length of an antenna is related to the length of the radio waves used. Due to the short wavelengths, UHF antennas are conveniently short. UHF wavelengths are short enough that efficient transmitting antennas are small enough to mount on handheld and mobile devices, so these frequencies are used for two way land mobile radio systems, such as walkie-talkies, two way radios in vehicles, for portable wireless devices. Omnidirectional UHF antennas used on mobile devices are short whips, sleeve dipoles, rubber ducky antennas or the planar inverted F antenna used in cellphones. Higher gain omnidirectional UHF antennas can be made of collinear arrays of dipoles and are used for mobile base stations and cellular base station antennas; the short wavelengths allow high gain antennas to be conveniently small. High gain antennas for point-to-point communication links and UHF television reception are Yagi, log periodic, corner reflectors, or reflective array antennas. At the top end of the band slot antennas and parabolic dishes become practical.
For satellite communication and turnstile antennas are used since satellites employ circular polarization, not sensitive to the relative orientation of the transmitting and receiving antennas. For television broadcasting specialized vertical radiators that are modifications of the slot antenna or reflective array antenna are used: the slotted cylinder, zig-zag, panel antennas. UHF television broadcasting fulfilled the demand for additional over-the-air television channels in urban areas. Today, much of the bandwidth has been reallocated to land mobile, trunked radio and mobile telephone use. UHF channels are still used for digital television. UHF spectrum is used worldwide for land mobile radio systems for commercial, public safety, military purposes. Many personal radio services use frequencies allocated in the UHF band, although exact frequencies in use differ between countries. Major telecommunications providers have deployed voice and data cellular networks in UHF/VHF range; this allows mobile phones and mobile computing devices to be connected to the public switched telephone network and public Internet.
UHF radars are said to be effective at tracking stealth fighters, if not stealth bombers. UHF citizens band: 476–477 MHz Television broadcasting uses UHF channels between 503 and 694 MHz Fixed point-to-point Link 450.4875 - 451.5125 MHz Land mobile service 457.50625 - 459.9875 MHz Mobile satellite service: 406.0000 - 406.1000 MHz Segment and Service examples: Land mobile for private, Australian and Territory Government, Rail industry and Mobile-Satellite 430–450 MHz: Amateur radio 470–806 MHz: Terrestrial television 1452–1492 MHz: Digital Audio Broadcasting Many other frequency assignments for Canada and Mexico are similar to their US counterparts 380–399.9 MHz: Terrestrial Trunked Radio service for emergency use 430–440 MHz: Amateur ra
KXTX-TV, virtual channel 39, is a Telemundo owned-and-operated television station licensed to Dallas, United States and serving the Dallas–Fort Worth Metroplex. The station is owned by the NBC Owned Television Stations subsidiary of NBCUniversal, as part of a duopoly with Fort Worth-licensed NBC owned-and-operated station KXAS-TV; the two stations share studios at the CentrePort Business Park on Amon Carter Boulevard in Fort Worth. The station first signed on the air on February 5, 1968, under the call sign KDTV; the station was founded by Trigg-Vaughn, the original applicant of the construction permit to build its broadcasting facilities. Channel 39 operated from a state-of-the-art studio facility located at 3900 Harry Hines Boulevard, near downtown Dallas, which cost $3 million to build. Operating as an independent station, the station carried the Stock Market Observer, a daytime business news programming block that aired each weekday morning and afternoon from 7:00 a.m. to 5:00 p.m.. It carried some local programming including the public affairs program 3900 Harry Hines, cooking show The Gourmet and children's program The Bozo Show.
On May 7, 1969, KDTV's transmitter tower in Cedar Hill collapsed after hit by straight-line winds during a severe thunderstorm. The station constructed a new tower at a cost of $450,000, resuming full-power transmissions on October 30 of that year. Doubleday decided to exit the market in the fall of 1973, out of frustration of its constant struggles in attempting to make KDTV profitable; the company decided to donate the station's license and transmitter facilities to a nonprofit organization. Doubleday attempted to donate it to three different non-profit interests—Area Education Television Foundation, Inc. the Dallas Independent School District and Berean Fellowship International —however, neither entity accepted Doubleday's offer as the terms of the donation proposal required the prospective owner to assume a large amount of KDTV's debt. Doubleday would find an organization willing to acquire the Channel 39 license and assets, when it was approached by the Christian Broadcasting Network, which had owned KXTX-TV since that station signed on in January of that year, about discussing such an acquisition.
CBN agreed to Doubleday's proposal to donate Channel 39's programming inventory and broadcast license to CBN on November 9, 1973. Four days after CBN acquired ownership of the license on November 14, the ministry moved the KXTX-TV call letters and associated programming to Channel 39. Meanwhile, Doubleday took over the Channel 33 license, assigning the KDTV calls and relocating some of its programming to that channel; the programming inventory held by KDTV was acquired by CBN, combined with that of KXTX in January 1974, converting the latter surviving outlet into a full-time commercial independent station. As was the structure of CBN's other independent stations, KXTX maintained a format consisting of religious programs as well as some secular general entertainment programming. By this point, its slate of secular content – comprising about twelve hours of its daily schedule each weekday and Saturday—consisted of off-network classic sitcoms. Local programming on KXTX included Reflect, a public affairs talk show co-hosted by Don Hall and Durline Dunham, which aired every Sunday evening at 6:30 and 11:00 p.m.
It ran religious programs for about five hours per day during the week and throughout its Sunday schedule. By the end of the 1970s, KXTX maintained an a
In the broadcasting industry, an owned-and-operated station refers to a television or radio station, owned by the network with which it is associated. This distinguishes such a station from an affiliate, independently owned and carries network programming by contract; the concept of an Owned and Operated is defined in the United States and Canada, where network-owned stations had been the exception rather than the rule. In such places, broadcasting licenses are issued on a local basis, there is some sort of regulatory mechanism in place to prevent any company from owning stations in every market in the country. In other parts of the world, many television networks were given national broadcasting licenses at launch. In the broadcasting industry, the term "owned-and-operated station" refers to stations that are owned by television and radio networks. On the other hand, the term affiliate only applies to stations that are not owned by networks, but instead are contracted to air programming from one of the major networks.
While in fact there may be an affiliation agreement between a network and an owned-and-operated station, this is not required, may be a legal technicality formalizing the relationship of separate entities under the same parent company. In any event, this does not prevent a network from dictating an owned-and-operated station's practices outside the scope of a normal affiliation agreement; the term "station" applies to the ownership of the station. For example, a station, owned and operated by the American Broadcasting Company is referred to as an "ABC station" or an "ABC O&O," but should not be referred to as an affiliate. A station not owned by ABC but contracted to air the network's programming is referred to as an "ABC affiliate". However, informally or for promotional purposes, affiliated stations are sometimes referred to as a network station, as in "WFAA is an ABC station" though that ABC affiliate, in the Dallas-Fort Worth market, is owned by Tegna, Inc. A correct formal phrasing could be, "ABC affiliate WFAA is a Tegna station."
One may informally refer to "ABC affiliates" in regards to all stations that air ABC programming, or to "the ABC affiliation" in regards to the transfer of rights to ABC programming from an affiliate to an O&O. Some stations that are owned by companies that operate a network, but air another network's programming are referred to as an affiliate of the network that they carry. For example, WBFS-TV in Miami is owned by the CBS network's parent company CBS Corporation, but airs programming from MyNetworkTV. Prior to the September 2006 shutdown of the CBS-owned UPN television network, WBFS aired that network's programming; the stations carrying The WB Television Network were another exception. The controlling shares in the network were held by Time Warner, with minority interests from the Tribune Company and, for a portion of network's existence, the now-defunct ACME Communications. While Tribune-owned stations such as WGN-TV in Chicago, WPIX in New York City and KTLA in Los Angeles aired programming from The WB, they did not fit the standard definition of an owned-and-operated station.
A similar exception existed when UPN launched in January 1995 by co-owners Viacom. Each of the companies owned a number of stations. However, the stations were not considered O&Os under the initial standard definition; this ambiguity ended with Viacom's buyout of Chris-Craft's share of the network in 2000, which came not long after its merger with the previous CBS Corporation. The stations were referred to informally as UPN O&Os. Following the shutdowns of UPN and The WB, CBS Corporation and Warner Bros. Entertainment became co-owners of the new CW Television Network, which merged the programming from both networks onto the scheduling model used by The WB; the network launched in September 2006 on 11 UPN stations owned by CBS Corporation, 15 WB affiliates owned by Tribune. Certain UPN and WB affiliates in markets where Tribune and CBS both owned stations carrying those networks either picked up a MyNetworkTV affiliation or became independent stations; the standard definition of an O&O again does not apply to The CW, but the CBS-owned stations that carry the network may be referred to as "CW O&Os".
Some O&Os choose to refer to themselves as "network-owned stations" instead, reflecting the fact that while they may be owned by a national network, much of the actual operation is left to the discre
Evergreen Park, Illinois
Evergreen Park is a village in Cook County, United States. In 2016, the population of Evergreen Park was 19,852, according to that year's census; as early as 1828, a German farming family had settled in the area of. In the succeeding decades, other German immigrants arrived. Kedzie Avenue and 95th Street crisscrossed the farmland and provided access to markets; the first railroad came through the area in 1873. In 1875, the community built its first school just west of Kedzie; the school and the stores that began to cluster around this intersection defined the community's main business area. Nearby, a real-estate developer, with a vision of the Arc de Triomphe area of Paris, laid out a star-shaped park with eight streets radiating from it; the evergreen trees planted in the park inspired the village's name. The location and layout of the park was intended to be the center of town, but 95th St and Kedzie Ave. proved a more accurate midpoint. After the death of Mayor Henry Klein shortly after the village's 75th anniversary, the park was renamed Klein Park in his honor.
In 1888 St. Mary's Cemetery opened, mourners traveled by train from Chicago. Restaurants and taverns were created to provide meals for cemetery visitors. Within five years, the village had become a recreation center that attracted hundreds of Chicagoans to its picnic groves, beer gardens, dance halls; the first of the village's 13 churches was established in 1893. As a result of the financial panic of the 1890s, several surrounding communities voted to be annexed by Chicago. Realizing the current and future potential of its strong business district, in order to avoid annexation during the serious economic crisis, The Village of Evergreen Park declared its independence and was incorporated on December 20, 1893. Prior to its incorporation, the village was sustained by 500 regional residents; the final decision to incorporate as its own entity separate from the City of Chicago was made by 41 out of 50 residents that showed up to vote on the matter. John M. Foley, a real estate and insurance agent, became the village's first mayor.
On that day, the Village of Evergreen Park occupied an area of four square miles. In 1899, telephone service was introduced to the community. In 1910, gas and electric lines were extended into homes and street lights were erected. By 1920, most of the village's homes had indoor plumbing, although some residents still used a well located behind the village hall as their water source. In the early 20th century, many residents still farmed and there were many open fields within the town limits; as a result, fire was a constant threat and the water supply was scarce. In July 1918, a spark from a passing train set the original village hall on fire. Despite villagers attempts to douse the flames, the village hall was destroyed. In 1920, a new village hall was built and the village's population grew to 800. In 1930, Little Company of Mary Hospital was opened at California. Within the first year of its inception, 232 babies were born. While the village remains small in size, it is only seventeen miles southwest of the Loop.
The Village is currently surrounded by Chicago on the north and east sides. Evergreen Park is known as the “Village of Churches” because of its thirteen established religious congregations within close proximity. Little Company of Mary Hospital, located at 2800 W. 95th St. in Evergreen Park, was the site of the world's first successful organ transplant. The pioneering procedure took place on June 17, 1950. Dr. Edward T. Maloney, a regarded general surgeon, led a team of doctors that performed the risky and experimental operation. Dr. Lawler spent a number of years researching the possibility of organ transplantation and concluded the most probable means of achieving success for a patient would involve the kidney. After practicing the procedure with dogs and realizing he had the opportunity to "get it all started", Maloney decided to attempt the medical-first on a desperate patient; the recipient of Maloney’s first organ transplantation was Ruth Tucker, a 49-year-old Chicago-area woman who suffered from terminal polycystic kidney disease.
Evergreen Plaza, "The Plaza"The Evergreen Plaza, located on 95th and Western, was an indoor shopping mall originating from the early 1950s. In 1952, real estate developer Arthur Rubloff debuted the Evergreen Plaza in the heart of the southwest Chicago suburbs. A few years after the shopping mall's debut, Rubloff decided to enclose the mall thereby making it the first indoor shopping mall in the Chicago area; as a result, Rubloff changed shopping by allowing people the opportunity to pull up, shop for various goods all in one place. Since the 1950s the Evergreen Park Plaza had seen more than $8 million in major internal & external improvements. Evergreen Plaza was shortened to be acknowledged as, “The Plaza”; the Plaza covered 1,200,000 square feet, two stories. As of 2006, The Plaza had an annual visitor count of 7 million people; the Plaza closed on May 31, 2013, after 61 years of operation and is presently under construction for re-development. The Plaza, in its new form, will re-open on October 18, 2018 and will be renamed Eddie Maloney Plaza of Evergreen Park.
Evergreen Park is located at 41°43′12″N 87°42′9″W. The suburb is surrounded by the city of Chicago on three of its sides, while Oak Lawn and Hometown border it on the west. Chicago's Ashburn community is to its north, Beverly is to its east, Beverly and Mount Greenwood are to its south. According to the 2010 census, Evergreen Park has a total area of 3.16 square miles (8.18