Darren Agonistes Cross is a fictional supervillain appearing in American comic books published by Marvel Comics. He is the archenemy of Scott Lang, the cousin of Crossfire; the character is portrayed in live-action by actor Corey Stoll in Marvel Studios' 2015 film Ant-Man as the Marvel Cinematic Universe's iteration of Yellowjacket. Created by John Byrne and David Micheline, Darren Cross debuted in Marvel Premiere #47; the character made his first appearance as Yellowjacket in The Astonishing Ant-Man #12, written by Nick Spencer and illustrated by Brent Shoonover. Darren Cross is a millionaire and the founder of a successful corporation, which rivals its top competitors. Cross was diagnosed with a heart condition due to overwork, had to use an experimental nucleorganic pacemaker in order to save his life; the pacemaker was a success but enhanced Cross's circulatory system, mutating his body and giving him superhuman abilities. With a side effect that overuse causes the burning out of his heart, Cross went through various heart transplants, which led him to capture surgeon Dr. Erica Sondheim to replace his heart and to abduct "donors" from the slums.
This attracted the attention of the second Ant-Man looking for Sondheim in order to save his own daughter's life. The resulting battle with Ant-Man burned out Cross's heart, as Sondheim had reimplanted his old, worn-out heart prior to Ant-Man crashing the surgery. After his death, the family company created by Darren had been controlled by his cousin William Cross, his son Augustine Cross. Darren's body is revealed to have been kept in a cryogenic state as Augustine was obsessed with bringing Darren back to life and forces Dr. Sondheim to help. Enlisting Crossfire's assistance, Augustine had orchestrated Cassie Lang's capture as the girl's heart is required to withstand the unique conditions when transplanted into Darren. While infiltrating Cross's company to rescue Cassie, Ant-Man came across his restored nemesis. Darren engaged in combat against Ant-Man while Ant-Man buys time for Sondheim to transplant another heart to Cassie. Darren is forced to flee with his son when the Pym Particles now in his body caused him to shrink down.
As part of the All-New, All-Different Marvel, Darren Cross was approached by Power Broker to demonstrate his latest "Hench" App by hiring Whirlwind to kill Ant-Man. However, Cross was unwilling to give Power Broker the 1.2 billion dollars demanded for investment in the Hench app, causing Power Broker to cancel the demo and cancel Whirlwind's assassination on Ant-Man. Cross represented his own company when he attended a meeting at the Universal Bank with Tiberius Stone of Alchemax, Wilson Fisk of Fisk Industries, Sebastian Shaw of Shaw Industries, Zeke Stane of Stane International, Frr'dox of Shi'ar Solutions Consolidated, Wilhelmina Kensington of Kilgore Arms where they discussed Dario Agger's and Roxxon Energy Corporation's plans to exploit the Ten Realms of Asgard. Cross saw the arrival of Exterminatrix of the Midas Foundation who knocked out Dario and declared herself a new member of their assembly. In order to combat Ant-Man, Cross recruited Egghead to work for his company. Egghead helped.
Yellowjacket and Crossfire attacked during his nemesis's trial in Cassie's place, but were engaged by Ant-Man, She-Hulk, Miss Thing, Grizzly and Stinger. Yellowjacket is defeated by Stinger, which led to Peggy Rae's final approval of Scott's superhero life and Scott's acquittal in court. During the "Opening Salvo" part of the Secret Empire storyline, Yellowjacket appears as a member of Helmut Zemo's Army of Evil. Darren Cross is a successful businessman; the experimental nucleorganic pacemaker that saved Cross from his heart condition granted him superhuman abilities such as enhanced physical attributes, increased sensory perception, a regenerative healing factor. After acquiring Cassie Lang's Pym Particle-equipped heart during a heart transplant, Cross gained near uncontrollable size-shifting abilities. Egghead uses the Yellowjacket suit for Cross to help him control his Pym Particle quantum powers; the armor grants Cross enhanced durability and flight, in addition to featuring "stingers" that can discharge powerful blasts of bio-electrical energy.
The Darren Cross version of Yellowjacket appears in Lego Marvel Super Heroes: Avengers Reassembled, voiced by Travis Willingham. This version is hired by Ultron to take control of Iron Man's armor until Captain America has Ant-Man knock him out onto a nearby web on the S. H. I. E. L. D. Helicarrier to be apprehended by Spider-Man and Iron Spider; the Darren Cross iteration of Yellowjacket appears in Disney XD's Ant-Man animated shorts, voiced by William Salyers. Corey Stoll portrays Darren Cross / Yellowjacket in the 2015 Marvel Cinematic Universe film Ant-Man. Stoll wore a motion capture suit while performing as Yellowjacket, a decision, made early on when it had been found that creating and filming with a real Yellowjacket costume was impractical. Darren Cross is depicted as Hank Pym's former protégé who becomes obsessed with Pym's original Ant-Man particle shrinking technology; when Hank refuses to divulge past work secrets out of fear of warfare, Darren forces his mentor out of Pym Industries and takes over as CEO of Cross Technologies.
Despite possessing imperfect shrinking technology, Cross manages to duplicate Pym's designs with his own weaponized "Yellowjacket" suit, except for the fact that it alters his brain chemistry and slowly
Iron Man 2
Iron Man 2 is a 2010 American superhero film based on the Marvel Comics character Iron Man, produced by Marvel Studios and distributed by Paramount Pictures. It is the sequel to 2008's Iron Man, is the third film in the Marvel Cinematic Universe. Directed by Jon Favreau and written by Justin Theroux, the film stars Robert Downey Jr. as Tony Stark / Iron Man, alongside Gwyneth Paltrow, Don Cheadle, Scarlett Johansson, Sam Rockwell, Mickey Rourke, Samuel L. Jackson. Six months after the events of Iron Man, Tony Stark is resisting calls by the United States government to hand over the Iron Man technology while combating his declining health from the arc reactor in his chest. Meanwhile, rogue Russian scientist Ivan Vanko has developed the same technology and built weapons of his own in order to pursue a vendetta against the Stark family, in the process joining forces with Stark's business rival, Justin Hammer. Following the successful release of Iron Man in May 2008, Marvel Studios announced and set to work on producing a sequel.
In July of that same year Theroux was hired to write the script, Favreau was signed to return and direct. Downey and Jackson were set to reprise their roles from Iron Man, while Cheadle was brought in to replace Terrence Howard in the role of James Rhodes. In the early months of 2009, Rourke and Johansson filled out the supporting cast, filming took place from April to July of that year. Like its predecessor the film was shot in California, except for a key sequence in Monaco. Iron Man 2 premiered at the El Capitan Theatre on April 26, 2010, was released in the United States on May 7, 2010; the film received positive reviews and was commercially successful, grossing over $623.9 million at the worldwide box office, making it the seventh highest-grossing film of 2010, receiving an Academy Award nomination for Best Visual Effects. The third installment of the Iron Man series, Iron Man 3, was released on May 3, 2013. In Russia, the media covers Tony Stark's disclosure of his identity as Iron Man.
Ivan Vanko, whose father Anton Vanko has just died, sees this and begins building a miniature arc reactor similar to Stark's. Six months Stark is a superstar and uses his Iron Man suit for peaceful means, resisting government pressure to sell his designs, he reinstitutes the Stark Expo to continue his father Howard's legacy. The palladium core in the arc reactor that keeps Stark alive and powers the armor is poisoning him, he cannot find a substitute. Growing reckless and despondent about his impending death, choosing not to tell anyone about his condition, Stark appoints his personal assistant Pepper Potts CEO of Stark Industries, hires Stark employee Natalie Rushman to replace her as his personal assistant. Stark competes in the Monaco Historic Grand Prix, where he is attacked in the middle of the race by Vanko, who wields electrified whips. Stark dons his portable armor and defeats Vanko, but the suit is damaged. Vanko explains. Impressed by Vanko's performance, Stark's rival, Justin Hammer, fakes Vanko's death while breaking him out of prison and asks him to build a line of armored suits to upstage Stark.
During what he believes is his final birthday party, Stark gets drunk while wearing the Iron Man suit. Disgusted, Stark's best friend, U. S. Air Force Lieutenant Colonel James Rhodes tries to restrain him; the fight ends in a stalemate, so Rhodes confiscates the armor for the U. S. Air Force. Nick Fury, director of S. H. I. E. L. D. Approaches Stark, revealing "Rushman" to be Agent Natasha Romanoff and that Howard Stark was a S. H. I. E. L. D. Founder whom Fury knew personally. Fury explains that Vanko's father jointly invented the arc reactor with Stark, but when Anton tried to sell it for profit, Stark had him deported; the Soviets sent Anton to the gulag. Fury gives Stark some of his father's old material. With the aid of his computer J. A. R. V. I. S. Stark synthesizes it; when he learns Vanko is still alive, he places the new element in his arc reactor and ends his palladium dependency. At the Expo, Hammer unveils Vanko's armored drones, led by Rhodes in a weaponized version of the prototype armor. Stark arrives to warn Rhodes, but Vanko remotely takes control of both the drones and Rhodes' armor and attacks Stark.
Hammer is arrested while Romanoff and Stark's bodyguard Happy Hogan go after Vanko at Hammer's factory. Vanko escapes. Stark and Rhodes together defeat his drones. Vanko commits suicide by blowing up his suit, along with the defeated drones. At a debriefing, Fury informs Stark that because of Stark's difficult personality, S. H. I. E. L. D. Intends to use him only as a consultant. Stark and Rhodes receive medals for their heroism. In a post-credits scene, S. H. I. E. L. D. Agent Phil Coulson reports the discovery of a large hammer at the bottom of a crater in a desert in New Mexico. Robert Downey Jr. as Tony Stark / Iron Man: A billionaire who escaped captivity in Afghanistan with a suit of armor he created, he now struggles to keep his technology out of the government's hands. Downey and Favreau, handed a script and worked from it on the first movie, conceived part of the film's story themselves. On Stark being a hero, Downey said "It's kind of heroic, but kind of on his own behalf. So I think there's a bit of an imposter complex and no sooner has he said,'I am Iron Man –' that he's now wondering what that means.
If you have all this cushion like he does and the public is on your side and you have immense wealth and power, I think he
Alessandro Liborio "Al" Madrigal is an American comedian, writer and producer. He is a co-founder of the All Things Comedy podcast network, alongside Bill Burr, he rose to fame on The Daily Show with Jon Stewart as a regular correspondent for five seasons. Outside of the standup world, he is known for his co-starring roles in the film Night School, Showtime's dark comedy I'm Dying Up Here, NBC's About A Boy, as well as CBS sitcoms Gary Unmarried and Welcome to The Captain, he was a regular sketch performer on The Late Late Show with Craig Ferguson, has appeared on Conan and Jimmy Kimmel Live!. He will appear in the sports drama Torrance, starring Ben Affleck and directed by Gavin O’Connor, as well as Sony Pictures Marvel Universe film Morbius, starring Jared Leto and directed by Daniel Espinosa. Madrigal was born in California, he grew up in San Francisco's Inner Sunset District, where his neighbors included future comedians Mike Pritchard and Margaret Cho. He is of Sicilian descent, he attended Ecole Notre Dame Des Victoires, a private Catholic school in San Francisco that emphasizes instruction of French language and culture.
He attended St. Ignatius College Preparatory High School for the class of 1989, he attended the University of San Francisco. Madrigal worked for 10 years in a human resources staffing agency run by his family, where one of his main responsibilities was firing people, he worked humor into the job. He credits his experiences at the staffing company with preparing him for stand-up comedy: "I was in so many scary situations... by the time I got on stage, I had no stage fright. Speaking in front of a group was nothing." In 1998, he decided to pursue a full-time career in comedy. Madrigal’s stand-up comedy is story-based, centering on his personal life and the confusion caused by his multiethnic background. Early in his comedy career, he was pigeonholed as a “Latino comic.” Madrigal says he has been criticized as not being Latino such as for not speaking Spanish. Madrigal began his career in San Francisco's comedy clubs, both as a solo performer and as a member of the sketch group Fresh Robots, which he co-founded.
In 2002, he enjoyed his first major exposure in two comedy festivals: SF Sketchfest, as part of Fresh Robots, the "New Faces" showcase of the Just for Laughs Festival in Montreal. In 2004, Madrigal won a jury award for best stand-up comedian at the U. S. Comedy Arts Festival in Aspen, Colorado. After winning the award, he signed a talent holding deal with CBS. Madrigal's Comedy Central Presents half-hour special premiered in July 2005. In April 2013, Madrigal’s first one-hour special, "Why Is The Rabbit Crying?," premiered on Comedy Central. The special was named one of the top 10 comedy specials of 2013 by both Westword and The Village Voice and was praised for "deconstructing stereotypes rather than enforcing them" and "milking incongruity between expectations and reality to hilarious effect."Madrigal taped his latest stand up special, "Shrimpin' Ain't Easy" in December 2016 in the Masonic Lodge at Hollywood Forever Cemetery. Directed by Neal Brennan, the special premiered on SHOWTIME in 2017.
Madrigal has been a guest on Jimmy Kimmel Live! and The Late Late Show with Craig Ferguson. He appeared on The Tonight Show with Conan O'Brien on July 8, 2009, he appeared on Conan's TBS Show, Conan, on May 10, 2011. In 2003, Madrigal auditioned for a starring role on The Ortegas, a comedy series for the Fox Network; the series, based on the BBC comedy The Kumars at No. 42, cast Madrigal as the son of a Mexican American family in California who hosts a TV talk show from a studio he operates in the backyard of his parents' home. However, the network dropped the series from its schedule before broadcasting any of its six filmed episodes. In January 2008, Madrigal was cast as a building attendant named Jesús in the CBS comedy Welcome to The Captain; the series was cancelled after five episodes. He co-starred in the CBS series Gary Unmarried, which debuted on September 2008. On March 14, 2013, it was announced that Madrigal would be joining NBC's About A Boy as Andy, the main character's best friend.
He received a 2014 Imagen Awards nomination for Best Supporting Actor for his work in the role. Madrigal was a series, he played a stand up comedian named Edgar in the dark comedy about Los Angeles' infamous stand up comedy scene of the 1970s. The show, based on William Knoedelseder’s nonfiction book of the same name, is executive produced by Jim Carrey. On May 17, 2011, it was announced, he was presented as the “Senior Latino Correspondent.” Madrigal auditioned for the show on the recommendation of stand-up comedian Adam Lowitt, one of the show’s producers. Madrigal and Lowitt performed a piece at Carolines on Texas Representative Debbie Riddle, who proposed a bill that would create state punishments for those who “intentionally, knowingly, or recklessly” hired unauthorized immigrants except for domestic workers. Madrigal did a reading of the piece with Jon Stewart, who hired him on the spot. In 2012, Madrigal and comedian Bill Burr founded All Things Comedy, a comedy podcast network and artist cooperative.
Madrigal and Burr started the network as a way to help comedians maintain full ownership of their work. The network garners nearly 5 million listeners per month. At South by Southwest 2015, Madrigal and comedian Doug Benson spoke on the “Owning Your Work: The Future of All Things Comedy” panel, where they “discussed the ins and outs of their operation and how they are working to help comics carve out their
William Sadler (actor)
William Thomas Sadler is an American film and television actor. His television and motion picture roles have included Chesty Puller in The Pacific, Luther Sloan in Star Trek: Deep Space Nine, Sheriff Jim Valenti in Roswell, convict Heywood in The Shawshank Redemption, Senator Vernon Trent in Hard to Kill, the Grim Reaper in Bill & Ted's Bogus Journey and Bill & Ted Face the Music, a role for which he won the Saturn Award for Best Supporting Actor, his role as Colonel Stuart opposite Bruce Willis in Die Hard 2, he played the character of President of the United States, Matthew Ellis, in Iron Man 3, Marvel's Agents of S. H. I. E. L. D. and WHIH Newsfront, all set in the Marvel Cinematic Universe. He recurs as Steve McGarrett's murdered father, John McGarrett, in the 2010 remake of the 1968 television series, Hawaii Five-O. Sadler was born in Buffalo, New York, the son of Jane and William Sadler, he is of Scottish descent, with smaller amounts of English and German ancestry. From an early age, he took to performing in front of an audience.
Playing a variety of stringed instruments, Sadler found hometown success during his high-school years at Orchard Park High School. He took on the persona of a banjo-playing singer who cracked jokes while playing. After graduating from high school, he enrolled in SUNY Geneseo. Following that, he spent two years at Cornell University where he earned his master's degree in Acting with a minor in Speech Communications, he practiced in accents. Sadler took his first post-school role in Florida and soon relocated to Boston, moving in with his sister while scrubbing the floors of a lobster boat by day and cutting his acting chops at night. Working up the nerve to take a shot at the big time in New York, a chance meeting with an old schoolmate on a trip into the city resulted in Sadler's casting in an off-off-Broadway production of Chekhov's Ivanov. After a brief turn at the Trinity Square Repertory Company in Providence, Rhode Island, Sadler moved back to New York and rented an apartment in the East Village, beginning twelve years in which he appeared in over 75 productions, including originating the role of "Sgt.
Toomey" in the Broadway run of Neil Simon's Biloxi Blues, opposite Matthew Broderick in 1985. Sadler is best known for his roles in the 1990 action film Die Hard 2 as Colonel Stuart, as Heywood in the 1994 prison drama The Shawshank Redemption, the Grim Reaper in the 1991 comedy Bill & Ted's Bogus Journey and as Brayker in Demon Knight, he was a series regular on the television series Roswell as Sheriff Jim Valenti and in Wonderfalls as Darrin Tyler. Other film credits include Trespass, K-9, Project X, Disturbing Behavior, The Battle of Shaker Heights, Purple Heart and Judy and August Rush. Sadler's TV guest appearances include In the Heat of the Night, Tru Calling, Tour of Duty, CSI, Numb3rs, Law & Order: Criminal Intent, he had a recurring role on Star Trek: Deep Space Nine as Luther Sloan, a member of a covert organization called Section 31. He appeared in three episodes of Star Trek: Deep Space Nine in its final two seasons. In 2007, he played Carlton Fog on ABC's Traveler, in 2008 he appeared in both NBC's Medium as well as Fox Television's Fringe.
The 1989 pilot episode of the HBO horror anthology series Tales from the Crypt featured Sadler in its lead role. In March 2011, Sadler made a guest appearance in NBC's Chase. Sadler portrayed Julius Caesar in the contemporary adaptation of William Shakespeare's Julius Caesar on Broadway alongside Denzel Washington at the Belasco Theatre, he finished shooting with American independent filmmakers Dylan Bank and Morgan Pehme on the film Nothing Sacred. Sadler portrayed the robot Victor in Fallout: New Vegas. Sadler played Lee Underwood in Greetings from Tim Buckley, a film on Tim and Jeff Buckley, which premiered at the 2012 Toronto International Film Festival. Sadler appeared as President of the United States of America Matthew Ellis in Iron Man 3, released in May 2013. In 2015, he was part of the Texas Frightmare Weekend, starred in Ava's Possessions, screened at SXSW. William Sadler on IMDb
United States Secretary of State
The Secretary of State is a senior official of the federal government of the United States of America, as head of the United States Department of State, is principally concerned with foreign policy and is considered to be the U. S. government's equivalent of a Minister for Foreign Affairs. The Secretary of State is nominated by the President of the United States and, following a confirmation hearing before the Senate Committee on Foreign Relations, is confirmed by the United States Senate; the Secretary of State, along with the Secretary of the Treasury, Secretary of Defense, Attorney General, are regarded as the four most important Cabinet members because of the importance of their respective departments. Secretary of State is a Level I position in the Executive Schedule and thus earns the salary prescribed for that level; the current Secretary of State is Mike Pompeo, who served as Director of the Central Intelligence Agency. Pompeo replaced Rex Tillerson whom President Trump dismissed on March 13, 2018.
Tillerson's last day at the State Department was March 31, 2018. Pompeo was confirmed by the Senate on April 26, 2018 and was sworn in that day; the stated duties of the Secretary of State are as follows: "Supervises the United States Foreign Service" and "administers the Department of State" Advises the President on matters relating to U. S. foreign policy including the appointment of diplomatic representatives to other nations and on the acceptance, recall, or dismissal of representatives from other nations "Negotiates, interprets, or terminates treaties and agreements" and "conducts negotiations relating to U. S. foreign affairs" "Personally participates in or directs U. S. representatives to international conferences and agencies" Provides information and services to U. S. citizens living or traveling abroad such as providing credentials in the form of passports Ensure the protection of the U. S. government to U. S. citizens and interests in foreign countries "Supervises the administration of the U.
S. immigration policy abroad" Communicates issues relating the U. S. foreign policy to Congress and to U. S. citizens "Promotes beneficial economic intercourse between the U. S. and other countries"The original duties of the Secretary of State include some domestic duties such as: Receipt, publication and preservation of the laws of the United States Preparation and recording of the commissions of Presidential appointees Preparation and authentication of copies of records and authentication of copies under the Department's seal Custody of the Great Seal of the United States Custody of the records of former Secretary of the Continental Congress except for those of the Treasury and War departmentsMost of the domestic functions of the Department of State have been transferred to other agencies. Those that remain include storage and use of the Great Seal of the United States, performance of protocol functions for the White House, the drafting of certain proclamations; the Secretary negotiates with the individual States over the extradition of fugitives to foreign countries.
Under Federal Law, the resignation of a president or of a vice president is only valid if declared in writing, in an instrument delivered to the office of the secretary of state. Accordingly, the resignations in disgrace of President Nixon and of Vice-President Spiro Agnew, domestic issues, were formalized in instruments delivered to the Secretary of State; as the highest-ranking member of the cabinet, the secretary of state is the third-highest official of the executive branch of the Federal Government of the United States, after the president and vice president, is fourth in line to succeed the presidency, coming after the vice president, the Speaker of the House of Representatives, the President pro tempore of the Senate. Six secretaries of state have gone on to be elected president. Others, including Henry Clay, William Seward, James Blaine, William Jennings Bryan, John Kerry, Hillary Clinton have been unsuccessful presidential candidates, either before or after their term of office as Secretary of State.
The nature of the position means. The record for most countries visited in a secretary's tenure is 112 by Hillary Clinton. Second is Madeleine Albright with 96; the record for most air miles traveled in a secretary's tenure is 1,417,576 miles by John Kerry. Second is Condoleezza Rice's 1,059,247 miles, third is Clinton's 956,733 miles. Official website
Marvel Cinematic Universe
The Marvel Cinematic Universe is an American media franchise and shared universe, centered on a series of superhero films, independently produced by Marvel Studios and based on characters that appear in American comic books published by Marvel Comics. The franchise has expanded to include comic books, short films, television series, digital series; the shared universe, much like the original Marvel Universe in comic books, was established by crossing over common plot elements, settings and characters. Phil Coulson, portrayed by Clark Gregg, is an original character to the MCU and the only character to appear across all its different media; the first film released in the MCU was Iron Man, which began the first phase of films culminating in the crossover film Marvel's The Avengers. Phase Two began with Iron Man 3, concluded with Ant-Man; the MCU is in Phase Three, which began with the release of Captain America: Civil War and is set to conclude with Avengers: Endgame. The first three phases are collectively known as The Infinity Saga.
Phase Four will begin with the release of Spider-Man: Far From Home. Marvel Television expanded the universe further, first to network television with Marvel's Agents of S. H. I. E. L. D. On ABC in the 2013–14 television season, followed by online streaming with Marvel's Daredevil on Netflix in 2015 and Marvel's Runaways on Hulu in 2017, to cable television with Marvel's Cloak & Dagger on Freeform in 2018. Marvel Television has produced the digital series Marvel's Agents of S. H. I. E. L. D.: Slingshot, a supplement to Agents of S. H. I. E. L. D. Soundtrack albums have been released for all of the films, along with many of the television series, as well as the release of compilation albums containing existing music heard in the films; the MCU includes tie-in comics published by Marvel Comics, while Marvel Studios has produced a series of direct-to-video short films and a viral marketing campaign for its films and the universe with the faux news program WHIH Newsfront. The franchise has been commercially successful as a multimedia shared universe, though some critics have found that some of its films and television series have suffered in service of the wider universe.
It has inspired other film and television studios with comic book character adaptation rights to attempt to create similar shared universes. The MCU has been the focus of other media, outside of the shared universe, including attractions at various Walt Disney Parks and Resorts, an attraction at Discovery Times Square, a Queensland Gallery of Modern Art exhibit, two television specials, guidebooks for each film, multiple tie-in video games, commercials. By 2005, Marvel Entertainment began planning to independently produce its own films and distribute them through Paramount Pictures. Marvel had co-produced several superhero films with Columbia Pictures, New Line Cinema and others, including a seven-year development deal with 20th Century Fox. Marvel made little profit from its licensing deals with other studios and wanted to get more money out of its films while maintaining artistic control of the projects and distribution. Avi Arad, head of Marvel's film division, was pleased with Sam Raimi's Spider-Man films at Sony, but was less pleased about others.
As a result, they decided to form Marvel Studios, Hollywood's first major independent movie studio since DreamWorks. Arad's second-in-command, Kevin Feige, realized that unlike Spider-Man and the X-Men, whose film rights were licensed to Sony and Fox Marvel still owned the rights to the core members of the Avengers. Feige, a self-professed "fanboy", envisioned creating a shared universe just as creators Stan Lee and Jack Kirby had done with their comic books in the early 1960s. To raise capital, the studio secured funding from a seven-year, $525 million revolving credit facility with Merrill Lynch. Marvel's plan was to release individual films for their main characters and merge them in a crossover film. Arad, who doubted the strategy yet insisted that it was his reputation that helped secure the initial financing, resigned the following year. In 2007, at 33 years old, Feige was named studio chief. In order to preserve its artistic integrity, Marvel Studios formed a creative committee of six people familiar with its comic book lore: Feige, Marvel Studios co-president Louis D'Esposito, Marvel Comics' president of publishing Dan Buckley, Marvel's chief creative officer Joe Quesada, writer Brian Michael Bendis, Marvel Entertainment president Alan Fine, who oversaw the committee.
Feige referred to the shared narrative continuity of these films as the "Marvel Cinema Universe", but used the term "Marvel Cinematic Universe". Since the franchise expanded to other media, this phrase has been used by some to refer to the feature films only. Marvel has designated the Marvel Cinematic Universe as Earth-199999 within the continuity of the company's multiverse, a collection of fictional alternate universes. In November 2013, Feige said that "in an ideal world" releases each year would include one film based on an existing character and one featuring a new character, saying it's "a nice rhythm" in that format. While not always the case, as evident by the 2013 releases of Iron Man 3 and Thor: The Dark World, he said it is "certainly something to aim for". Feige expanded on this in July 2014, saying, "I don't know that we'll keep to every year, but we're doing that in 2014 and 2015, so I think it would be fun to continue that sort of thing". In February 2014, Feige stated that Marvel Studios wants to mimic the "rhythm" that the comic books have developed, by having the characters appear in their own films, come together, much like "a big event or crossover series," with
Paul Stephen Rudd is an American actor, comedian and film producer. Rudd studied theatre at the University of Kansas and the American Drama Academy, before making his acting debut in 1992 with NBC's drama series Sisters, he is known for his starring roles in the films Clueless, Romeo + Juliet, Wet Hot American Summer, Anchorman: The Legend of Ron Burgundy, The 40-Year-Old Virgin, Knocked Up, Role Models, I Love You, This Is 40, The Perks of Being a Wallflower, Anchorman 2: The Legend Continues, The Fundamentals of Caring and Ideal Home. Beginning in 2015, Rudd has played Scott Lang/Ant-Man in the Marvel Cinematic Universe, appearing in Ant-Man, Captain America: Civil War, Ant-Man and the Wasp, the upcoming Avengers: Endgame. In addition to his film career, Rudd has appeared in numerous television shows, including the NBC sitcom Friends as Mike Hannigan, along with guest roles on Tim and Eric Awesome Show, Great Job! and Parks and Recreation and hosting Saturday Night Live. Rudd received a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame on July 1, 2015.
Rudd was born in New Jersey, to a Jewish family. His father, Michael Rudd, was a historical tour guide and former vice-president of Trans World Airlines who died of cancer in 2008, his mother, Gloria Irene, was a sales manager at the television station KCMO-TV in Kansas City, Missouri. His parents were born in England. Rudd's parents were both descended from Jewish immigrants who moved to Britain from Russia and Poland, his father's family's original surname, "Rudnitsky", was changed by his grandfather to "Rudd", his mother's family's surname was "Goldstein". Rudd had a Bar Mitzvah service. Growing up, he loved reading British comics, The Beano and The Dandy, which his uncle in the U. K. would send to him. When he was ten, Rudd's family moved to Kansas, his family spent three years living in Anaheim, because of his father's occupation. Rudd attended Broadmoor Junior High and graduated from Shawnee Mission West High School in the class of 1987. Rudd attended the University of Kansas, he was a member of the Sigma Nu fraternity's Nu Chapter there.
He studied at the American Academy of Dramatic Arts/West in Los Angeles with fellow actor Matthew Lillard. Rudd spent three months studying Jacobean drama at the British American Drama Academy based in Oxford, England. While attending acting school, Rudd worked as a Bar Mitzvah disc jockey. After graduation he worked a variety of odd jobs, including glazing hams at the Holiday Ham Company in Overland Park, Kansas. Rudd made his acting debut in 1992 with the television drama Sisters where he played Kirby Quimby Philby. In 1994, he appeared in Wild Oats for six episodes. Rudd left Sisters in 1995 to appear in the comedy film Clueless with Alicia Silverstone, he appeared in Halloween: The Curse of Michael Myers, William Shakespeare's Romeo + Juliet, The Locusts, Overnight Delivery, The Object of My Affection, 200 Cigarettes. He was part of the cast of the 1999 film The Cider House Rules that received a SAG nomination for Outstanding Performance by a Cast in a Motion Picture, he played FBI Agent Ian Curtis in Benny Chan's 2000 Hong Kong action film Gen-Y Cops.
In 2002, he was cast on the sitcom Friends as Mike Hannigan, who dates and marries Phoebe Buffay, played by Lisa Kudrow. In 2006, he appeared in several episodes of Reno 911! as "Guy Gerricault", the coach of a lamaze class, portrayed a drug lord in the Reno 911!: Miami film. He guest-starred as a has-been 1990s rock star, Desmond Fellows, on the television series Veronica Mars, in the 2007 episode "Debasement Tapes"; the year 2004 marked the start of his work with director/producer Judd Apatow, first on the film Anchorman: The Legend of Ron Burgundy as Brian Fantana with Steve Carell, David Koechner and Will Ferrell, produced by Apatow and again in 2005 in The 40-Year-Old Virgin with Carell and Seth Rogen, directed by Apatow. He subsequently worked with Apatow in 2007's Knocked Up, as frustrated husband Pete, married to Leslie Mann's character. In that film, he co-starred with Jason Segel, Jonah Hill, Seth Rogen, Jay Baruchel, he was the narrator for the 2007 edition of the sports documentary series Hard Knocks, focusing on his favorite team, the Kansas City Chiefs.
Rudd appeared as John Lennon in the comedy film Walk Hard: The Dewey Cox Story in 2007 and as the drug-addled surf instructor in Nicholas Stoller's Forgetting Sarah Marshall in 2008 with Jason Segel and Jonah Hill, both of which Apatow produced. Rudd Bridesmaids. In 2012, he starred and co-produced with Apatow on the film Wanderlust with Jennifer Aniston, he starred in the comedy film This Is 40 with Leslie Mann, a spinoff from Knocked Up, directed and produced by Apatow. He reprised his role as Brian Fantana in the 2013 sequel Anchorman 2: The Legend Continues. In 2007, he starred in The Oh in Ohio and The Ten, which reunited him with David Wain and Michael Showalter. and in Over Her Dead Body with Eva Longoria the next year. In his next comedy which he wrote, Role Models, he and co-star Seann William Scott portray energy drink salesmen forced to perform community service in a child mentoring program. In 2009, Rudd again appeared with Jason Segel in I Love You Man where he and Segel play buddies who bond over their shared love for the rock band Rush.
Both Rudd and Segel are themselves fans of th