WLBS is a radio station broadcasting a variety music format. Licensed to Bristol, the station is owned by Bux-Mont Educational Radio Association. Official website Query the FCC's FM station database for WLBS Radio-Locator information on WLBS Query Nielsen Audio's FM station database for WLBS
Frequency is the number of occurrences of a repeating event per unit of time. It is referred to as temporal frequency, which emphasizes the contrast to spatial frequency and angular frequency; the period is the duration of time of one cycle in a repeating event, so the period is the reciprocal of the frequency. For example: if a newborn baby's heart beats at a frequency of 120 times a minute, its period—the time interval between beats—is half a second. Frequency is an important parameter used in science and engineering to specify the rate of oscillatory and vibratory phenomena, such as mechanical vibrations, audio signals, radio waves, light. For cyclical processes, such as rotation, oscillations, or waves, frequency is defined as a number of cycles per unit time. In physics and engineering disciplines, such as optics and radio, frequency is denoted by a Latin letter f or by the Greek letter ν or ν; the relation between the frequency and the period T of a repeating event or oscillation is given by f = 1 T.
The SI derived unit of frequency is the hertz, named after the German physicist Heinrich Hertz. One hertz means. If a TV has a refresh rate of 1 hertz the TV's screen will change its picture once a second. A previous name for this unit was cycles per second; the SI unit for period is the second. A traditional unit of measure used with rotating mechanical devices is revolutions per minute, abbreviated r/min or rpm. 60 rpm equals one hertz. As a matter of convenience and slower waves, such as ocean surface waves, tend to be described by wave period rather than frequency. Short and fast waves, like audio and radio, are described by their frequency instead of period; these used conversions are listed below: Angular frequency denoted by the Greek letter ω, is defined as the rate of change of angular displacement, θ, or the rate of change of the phase of a sinusoidal waveform, or as the rate of change of the argument to the sine function: y = sin = sin = sin d θ d t = ω = 2 π f Angular frequency is measured in radians per second but, for discrete-time signals, can be expressed as radians per sampling interval, a dimensionless quantity.
Angular frequency is larger than regular frequency by a factor of 2π. Spatial frequency is analogous to temporal frequency, but the time axis is replaced by one or more spatial displacement axes. E.g.: y = sin = sin d θ d x = k Wavenumber, k, is the spatial frequency analogue of angular temporal frequency and is measured in radians per meter. In the case of more than one spatial dimension, wavenumber is a vector quantity. For periodic waves in nondispersive media, frequency has an inverse relationship to the wavelength, λ. In dispersive media, the frequency f of a sinusoidal wave is equal to the phase velocity v of the wave divided by the wavelength λ of the wave: f = v λ. In the special case of electromagnetic waves moving through a vacuum v = c, where c is the speed of light in a vacuum, this expression becomes: f = c λ; when waves from a monochrome source travel from one medium to another, their frequency remains the same—only their wavelength and speed change. Measurement of frequency can done in the following ways, Calculating the frequency of a repeating event is accomplished by counting the number of times that event occurs within a specific time period dividing the count by the length of the time period.
For example, if 71 events occur within 15 seconds the frequency is: f = 71 15 s ≈ 4.73 Hz If the number of counts is not large, it is more accurate to measure the time interval for a predetermined number of occurrences, rather than the number of occurrences within a specified time. The latter method introduces a random error into the count of between zero and one count, so on average half a count; this is called gating error and causes an average error in the calculated frequency of Δ f = 1 2 T
WTEL is a Philadelphia radio station with an all-sports format. Owned and operated by the Beasley Broadcast Group, the WTEL studios are located at 555 City Avenue in Bala Cynwyd and its transmitters are located in the Crescent Park section of Bellmawr, New Jersey. WTEL broadcasts in the HD Radio format on 610 AM; the station was known for its influence on the Philadelphia sports fanbase. Its prominent hosts included Angelo Cataldi, who arranged for a group of Eagles fans to attend the 1999 NFL Draft in New York City and demand the Eagles select University of Texas at Austin running back Ricky Williams with their #2 pick, Howard Eskin, whose achievements included the Terrell Owens "funeral", a short-lived hunger strike in support of trading Philadelphia 76ers superstar Allen Iverson; the station was known for hosting the annual eating contest, the Wing Bowl. WIP was owned by CBS Radio, at that time was considered to be a sister station to another CBS Radio station, WFAN, in New York City. Both stations serve New Jersey in addition to their licensed cities.
WIP was the flagship radio station for the Philadelphia Eagles and Philadelphia Phillies. When both teams were playing at the same time, WPHT and/or WYSP carried one of the games. WIP was the flagship radio station for the Eagles until 1992, when Eagles broadcasts moved to WYSP, which at the time had a classic rock format and aired Howard Stern's syndicated morning show. On February 20, 2008, the station announced that broadcasts of Eagles games would return to WIP, plus remain on WYSP, with each radio station broadcasting different feeds to make it easier for local fans to watch television coverage of Eagles games but to lower the volume on their TV and listen to the game on the radio; the advent of digital television signals was putting television and radio signals too far out of sync. The station carried Philadelphia Phillies games on Friday nights during the 2005 season, allowing WPHT to pick up some scheduled programming on Friday nights. In 2008, WIP broadcast the Phillies' March 31 season opener against Washington along with WPHT.
Founded by Gimbels department store, the station first went on the air on March 17, 1922 as Philadelphia's first commercial radio station with the call sign WIP, which people mistakenly think stands for "Wireless In Philadelphia," "We're In Philadelphia" or "Watch Its Progress." In fact, WIP was a call sign randomly issued by the federal government. In the 1940s and 1950s, the station was an affiliate of the Mutual Broadcasting System. From the 1950s until the early 1960s, the station was owned by Metropolitan Broadcasting and had a rock and roll format. In the early 60s the parent company name was changed from Metropolitan to Metromedia, WIP adopted an MOR format. With this format, the station played pop hits of the 1960s, along with some 50s pop mixed in. Announcers during this time period included Joe McCauley, Ned Powers, Tom Brown, Chuck Daugherty. During this time WIP called themselves "The Big W" after a phrase in the 60s comedy, "It's A Mad, Mad, Mad World," and the slogan was justified.
WIP was number one in the market ratings for most of the 70s. In the late 60s they began including more soft-rock until the format evolved into an Adult Contemporary format which survived through the 70s and into the 80s; the music mix continued to include pop from the previous two decades. In addition, the station was full service in approach. After many years of ownership by Metromedia the station was purchased by Ed Snider's Spectacor Group, the longtime owner of the National Hockey League's Philadelphia Flyers, in 1988. Snider sold the station to CBS Radio in 1994. By the early 1970s, WIP evolved to an adult contemporary format, for a while, they were heavy on 1950s and 1960s rock and roll oldies. At the height of its popularity as a full service/adult contemporary station in the early to mid-1970s, WIP was the home to some of the most well-known air personalities in the city, including popular rush hour host Ken Garland late morning host Bill "Wee Willie" Webber, early afternoon host Tom Moran, late PM host, Dick Clayton, evening host Tom Lamaine, overnight host Nat Wright.
Weekend coverage included Alan Drew and Bill St. James. During this time, Metromedia's station in New York, WNEW, had similar programming and it was not uncommon for DJs to swap back and forth for subbing duties. WNEW's Julius LaRosa was a frequent guest. WIP's presentation, like other full-service stations, was dependent on its personalities to entertain the audience as much as the music itself. In addition to music, full-service music stations in that era were home to strong news operations, WIP had local newscasts every hour, seven days a week; the weekday morning news was so extensive that they had two anchors in years, introduced a 5 a.m. 30 minute newscast. One of WIP's news reporters, Jan Gorham, remained with the station after the switch to sports and continued to work there until retiring in 2009; the station hosted a popular radiothon for one weekend a year for several years, raising funds to fight leukemia. The events were staged on a large scale, in venues like hotel ballrooms, with local and national celebrities visiting the live broadcast.
WIP's best-known contest w
WHAT is a commercial radio station located in Philadelphia, broadcasting on 1340 AM. The station is owned by Inc.. On October 17, 1922, a new Philadelphia radio station was authorized by the government to the Lennig Brothers Co, a radio supply company headed up by Frederick Lennig at 827 Spring Garden Street. Ownership of the station changed twice within a two-year span. In 1939, the Bonwit Teller department store replaced The Evening Ledger newspaper as owner. At that time, WHAT operated with 100 watts of power. On February 12, 1944, former WIP salesman William Banks purchased WHAT for $22,500 from the Philadelphia Record and became the station's new President, his sister, Dolly Banks, became program director and expanded on the ethnic format while ending time-brokered programming. According to The Philadelphia Inquirer, WHAT was known for innovation. "In 1945, WHAT became the first U. S. radio station to hire a full-time black announcer, the first to program a regular show featuring a black woman as hostess and the first station in the city to hire black newscasters.
It was the first in the nation to feature a black as host of a daily talk show." In 1954, the station moved its studios and transmitters to a new structure at 3930-3940 Conshohocken Ave in Wynnefield Heights and was dubbed "The WHAT Radio Center." In October 1986, Reginald N. Lavong and Miller Parker, owners of Main Line Communications purchased WHAT from Independence Broadcasting for $625,000; the sale included the station's office building and 4.5 acres of land on Conshohocken Ave. Former sister station WWDB-FM was sold to lawyer Ragan A. Henry around the same time. In 1989, the station, now running an African American-oriented talk and Nostalgia format, was sold to Philadelphia radio veteran Cody Anderson. Anderson had been general manager of WDAS-AM-FM and his company "KBT Communications" paid $1.65 million to obtain WHAT. Anderson moved the WHAT offices and studios on North 54th Street near City Line Avenue in nearby Wynnefield. In 2007, WHAT was sold to Marconi Broadcasting, who ended the station's longtime African American-focus.
Known for years as the "Voice of the African American Community," all station employees, including hosts Albert Butler, Elmer Smith, Mary Mason were let go. Marconi Broadcasting programmed an alternative format called "Skin Radio", the first such format in Philadelphia radio since Y100; the format was short-lived and by August 2007 switched to an adult standards format reminiscent of the old WPEN, albeit with a more diverse playlist and more 70s music. Called "Martini Lounge Radio" but now billing itself as "The Greatest Music of All Time," the station features legendary Philadelphia radio talents including Bill "Wee Willie" Webber, Bob Craig, Mike Bowe. WHAT programmed an "urban talk" format until 2007. From 2004 to 2006, they were an affiliate of Air America Radio and carried several shows from the network; the station was sold in 2006. On January 19, 2007, after stunting with a variety of music ranging from classical pieces to modern hits, the new owners programmed an alternative rock music format called "Skin Radio".
Skin Radio featured many local musicians and poets. It was seen as a replacement to a former modern rock station in Philadelphia. Though no longer on-air, Skin Radio as an internet-only radio station. Skinradio.com WHAT flipped formats to an adult standards "Martini Lounge" format on August 31, 2007, beginning with a month of Frank Sinatra's music. According to their website The All-Sinatra format aired throughout the month of September. After September 30, the station started an Adult Standards format featuring artists including Michael Bublé, Harry Connick, Jr. Diana Krall and their format predecessors like Tony Bennett and Peggy Lee. Many have considered it the successor to WPEN's format from 1979 to 2004 hiring former station D. J.s like Bob Craig and Mike Bowe. On November 17, 2008, WHAT dropped the "Martini Lounge Radio" branding but continued with a similar format. On August 1, 2011, WHAT ceased broadcasting without any announcement, leading to speculation that the station had been sold.
One month on September 12, 2011 at 12 P. M. WHAT changed their format to Spanish-language music, branded as "El Zol 1340 AM" Official website Query the FCC's AM station database for WHAT Radio-Locator Information on WHAT Query Nielsen Audio's AM station database for WHAT Query the FCC's FM station database for W260CZ Radio-Locator information on W260CZ Skin Radio. Internet-Only version of WHAT's previous Modern Rock Format. Broadcast Pioneers of Philadelphia web page
Hatboro is a borough in Montgomery County, United States. The population was 7,360 at the 2010 census; the town of Hatboro is located on land purchased from William Penn by the family of Nicholas More around 1705. The first land titles in town were issued in 1711. Original construction by early residents of the town occurred between 1715 and 1719. Early settlement pre-dating the Hatboro name occurred in the Crooked Billet area east of York Road, between Moreland Avenue and Byberry Road. Early resident John Dawson entertained guests at the Crooked Billet Inn as well as manufacturing a line of hats; when the post office opened in 1809 the town was called Hatborough. U. S. Postmaster General John Wanamaker changed the name of the town in the 1880s to Hatboro; the Union Library Company of Hatboro, the third library company to be founded in Pennsylvania, was formed in 1755. This building still still serves as a library. George Washington and his troops passed through the town numerous times during 1777 in pursuit of British Troops.
The Battle of Crooked Billet was fought in 1778. The year 1811 saw the construction of the Loller Academy, the first bank was built in 1873, railroad service connected to Hatboro in 1874; the Loller Academy and Mander Stove Company Buildings, Union Library Company are listed on the National Register of Historic Places. Hatboro is located at 40°10′39″N 75°6′16″W. According to the United States Census Bureau, the borough has a total area of 1.4 square miles, all land. The Borough of Hatboro is a small municipality, surrounded by Upper Moreland Township in Montgomery County to the west and east; the Pennypack Creek runs through the center of town under Pennsylvania Route 263 and through the municipality.' The climate in this area is characterized by hot, humid summers and mild to cool winters. According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, Hatboro has a humid subtropical climate, abbreviated "Cfa" on climate maps; as of the 2010 census, the borough was 92.4% White, 2.7% Black or African American, 0.3% Native American, 1.6% Asian, 1.6% were two or more races.
4.3% of the population were of Hispanic or Latino ancestry As of the census of 2000, there were 7,393 people, 3,041 households, 1,955 families residing in the borough. The population density was 5,217.5 people per square mile. There were 3,121 housing units at an average density of 2,202.6 per square mile. The racial makeup of the borough was 95.74% White, 1.95% African American, 0.14% Native American, 1.06% Asian, 0.58% from other races, 0.54% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.45% of the population. There were 3,041 households, out of which 30.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 49.3% were married couples living together, 10.7% had a female householder with no husband present, 35.7% were non-families. 30.8% of all households were made up of individuals, 13.9% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.43 and the average family size was 3.07. In the borough the population was spread out, with 24.0% under the age of 18, 6.6% from 18 to 24, 33.0% from 25 to 44, 21.2% from 45 to 64, 15.1% who were 65 years of age or older.
The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 92.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 88.4 males. The median income for a household in the borough was $44,901, the median income for a family was $58,063. Males had a median income of $37,291 versus $30,934 for females; the per capita income for the borough was $21,911. About 1.8% of families and 3.3% of the population were below the poverty line, including 3.4% of those under age 18 and 7.5% of those age 65 or over. Public parks serving the borough of Hatboro include Hatboro Memorial Park, Eaton Park, Tanner Park, Miller Meadow, Blair Mill Park; the Hatboro Memorial Pool is located adjacent to Hatboro Memorial Park and is open during the summer from Memorial Day weekend to Labor Day weekend. The pool offers a water slide, a baby pool, a dew drop; the Hatboro Memorial Pool offers day passes and season memberships, with lower rates for borough residents, has a swim team. Hatboro has a city manager form of government with a seven-member borough council.
Mayor - Nancy Guenst Council President - George Bollendorf, Jr. Council Vice President - Dave Stockton Council Pro Tempore - Robert Hegele, Sr Councilperson - Elizabeth'Elle' Anzinger Councilperson - Nicole Benjamin Councilperson - George Forgeng Councilperson - Dave Rich The borough is part of the: Fourth Congressional District Pennsylvania's 152nd State House District. Pennsylvania's 12th State Senate District; the borough maintains the Hatboro Police Department. The Hatboro Police Department is composed of the Chief of Police, five Sergeants, eight Patrol Officers, three Police Operations Clerks, a Secretary, five school crossing guards. Fire protection in Hatboro is provided by the Enterprise Fire Company of Hatboro, a volunteer fire company. Emergency Medical Services in Hatboro and surrounding areas is provided by the Second Alarmers Rescue Squad, which maintains a station in the borough. Hatboro is served by the Hatboro-Horsham School District, along with Horsham Township. Two of the district's elementary schools are located in the borough: Crooked Billet Elementary School and Pennypack Elementary School.
The remainder of the schools, incl
A webcast is a media presentation distributed over the Internet using streaming media technology to distribute a single content source to many simultaneous listeners/viewers. A webcast may either be distributed live or on demand. Webcasting is "broadcasting" over the Internet; the largest "webcasters" include existing radio and TV stations, who "simulcast" their output through online TV or online radio streaming, as well as a multitude of Internet only "stations". Webcasting consists of providing non-interactive linear streams or events. Rights and licensing bodies offer specific "webcasting licenses" to those wishing to carry out Internet broadcasting using copyrighted material. Webcasting is used extensively in the commercial sector for investor relations presentations, in e-learning, for related communications activities. However, webcasting does not bear much, if any, relationship to web conferencing, designed for many-to-many interaction; the ability to webcast using cheap/accessible technology has allowed independent media to flourish.
There are many notable independent shows that broadcast online. Produced by average citizens in their homes they cover many interests and topics. Webcasts relating to computers and news are popular and many new shows are added regularly. Webcasting differs from podcasting in that webcasting refers to live streaming while podcasting refers to media files placed on the Internet. Webcasting is the distribution of media files through the internet; the earliest graphically-oriented web broadcasts were not streaming video, but were in fact still frames which were photographed with a web camera every few minutes while they were being broadcast live over the Internet. One of the earliest instances of sequential live image broadcasting was in 1991 when a camera was set up next to the Trojan Room in the computer laboratory of the University of Cambridge, it provided a live picture every few minutes of the office coffee pot to all desktop computers on that office's network. A couple of years its broadcasts went to the Internet, became known as the Trojan Room Coffee Pot webcam, gained international notoriety as a feature of the fledgling World Wide Web.
In 1996 an American college student and conceptual artist, Jenny Ringley, set up a web camera similar to the Trojan Room Coffee Pot's webcam in her dorm room. That webcam photographed her every few minutes while it broadcast those images live over the Internet upon a site called JenniCam. Ringley wanted to portray all aspects of her lifestyle and the camera captured her doing everything – brushing her teeth, doing her laundry, having sex with her boyfriend, her website generated millions of hits upon the Internet, became a pay site in 1998, spawned hundreds of female imitators who would use streaming video to create a new billion dollar industry called camming, brand themselves as camgirls or webcam models. One of the earliest webcast equivalent of an online concert and one of the earliest examples of webcasting itself was by Apple Computer's Webcasting Group in partnership with the entrepreneurs Michael Dorf and Andrew Rasiej. Together with David B. Pakman from Apple, they launched the Macintosh New York Music Festival from July 17–22, 1995.
This event audio webcast concerts from more than 15 clubs in New York City. Apple webcast a concert by Metallica on June 10, 1996 live from Slim's in San Francisco. In 1995, Benford E. Standley produced one of the first audio/video webcasts in history. On October 31, 1996, UK rock band Caduseus broadcast their one-hour concert from 11 pm to 12 midnight at Celtica in Machynlleth, Wales, UK – the first live streamed audio and simultaneous live streamed video multicast – around the globe to more than twenty direct "mirrors" in more than twenty countries. In September 1997, Nebraska Public Television started webcasting Big Red Wrap Up from Lincoln, Nebraska which combined highlights from every Cornhusker football game, coverage of the coaches' weekly press conferences, analysis with Nebraska sportswriters, appearances by special guests and questions and answers with viewers. On August 13, 1998, it is believed the first webcast wedding took place, between Alan K'necht and Carrie Silverman in Toronto Canada.
On October 22, 1998, the first Billy Graham Crusade was broadcast live to a worldwide audience from the Raymond James Stadium in Tampa Florida courtesy of Dale Ficken and the WebcastCenter in Pennsylvania. The live signal was broadcast via satellite to PA encoded and streamed via the BGEA website; the first teleconferenced/webcast wedding to date is believed to have occurred on December 31, 1998. Dale Ficken and Lorrie Scarangella wed on this date as they stood in a church in Pennsylvania, were married by Jerry Falwell while he sat in his office in Lynchburg, Virginia. All major broadcasters now have a webcast of their output, from the BBC to CNN to Al Jazeera to UNTV in television to Radio China, Vatican Radio, United Nations Radio and the World Service in radio. On November 4, 1994, Stef van der Ziel distributed the first live video images over the web from the Simplon venue in Groningen. On November 7, 1994, WXYC, the college radio station of the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill became the first radio station in the world to broadcast its signal over the internet.
Translated versions including Subtitling are now possible using SMIL Synchronized Multimedia Integration Language. A wedcast of a wedding. Allows family and friends of the couple to watch the wedding in real time on the Internet, it is sometimes used for weddings in exotic locations, such as Cancun and the Riviera Maya, Hawaii or the Caribbean, for which it is expensive or difficul
WTTM is a radio station broadcasting a Latin Music/Spanish Talk format to the Philadelphia metropolitan area. The station has its studios and offices in Philadelphia and its transmitter site in Cherry Hill, New Jersey; the station is owned by Multicultural Radio Broadcasting and licensed to Multicultural Radio Broadcasting Licensee, LLC. The station was authorized as an expanded band allocation in Princeton, New Jersey, it was granted its construction permit under the FCC-assigned call sign WAXK on March 6, 1998. On March 26, 1998, the station changed its call letters to WTTM, a call sign that had just been removed from its longtime home on 920 AM in Trenton, New Jersey. While In Trenton, the station served as a training ground for one of the early pioneers in broadcasting, the late Ernie Kovacs; the new WTTM reached the air in 1999 with a sports format broadcasting programming from ESPN Radio. In 2002 the station was sold from Nassau broadcasting to Multicultural Radio Broadcasting Inc. MRBI leased the station to EBC Radio to program the station with a South Asian Indian format.
The lease arrangement ended in 2005 and shortly thereafter the stations city of License was relocated from Princeton to Lindenwold, moving it into the Philadelphia radio market. Query the FCC's AM station database for WTTM Radio-Locator Information on WTTM Query Nielsen Audio's AM station database for WTTM