WTBA World Tenpin Bowling Championships

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The World Tenpin Bowling Championships is a global event that invites all countries that are members of World Bowling to participate.

Event details and history[edit]

The first World Championships was in 1954, held in Helsinki where 58 men from 7 federations took part. The next three World Championships (1955, 1958, and 1960) only had men participating. Women first participated in the 1963 World Championships in Mexico City. From 1963 to 2003, the World Championships were conducted every fourth year. From 2005 to 2013, to accommodate the growing number of federations taking part in the World Championships, the World Championships was split into separate events for men and women. Men had their World Championships in 2006, 2008, 2010, and 2013; while the women had their World Championships in 2005, 2007, 2009, and 2011. In 2009, it was decided to re-introduce the World Championships (Men/Women Combined), to be held every fourth year with 36 countries for men and 36 countries for women. 2013 was the first combined World Championships since 2003.[1]

Format[edit]

The format for the championships has changed many times throughout its history. In the early years of the championships, men competed in four different categories: Doubles, 4-man team, 8-man team and masters. Up until 1963 women did not participate in the event. The first year that women did take part, they competed in 4 different categories, doubles, four-person team (European Style), four-person team (American Style) and masters. This is the only time the "European Style" has been used in the championships. In the following championships the European style four-person team was replaced with the five-person team event (American Style) and was used until 1979. Since 1979 both men and women have competed in the same events that are used in the championships today (Singles, Doubles, Trios, Five-person team event, and Masters). After the conclusion of these events, the all-events medals are presented to the top three bowlers (men/women) who have accumulated the most pinfall over the 24 games.[1]

The medalists for these events except the Masters from 1979 to 2007 were determined by total pinfall. Beginning in 2008, a medal round was introduced for singles, doubles, trios, and 5 five person team event. The Medal round consisted of the top four qualifiers playing a knockout format to determine the medalists (1 vs 4 and 2 vs 3, winners of those matches face each other in the final). Beginning in 2017, the five-person team event was modified. Qualifying was still all five players bowl ten frames each with their scores added together to determine the overall score. In the medal round, the five players bowl a best of 3 baker format, where players bowl in order one frame each (frames 1-5) and repeat the order from frames 6-10.

The masters event has only recently changed with the onset of the championships splitting into 2 different events. Up until 2005 the top 16 would bowl a 16-game Round Robin with the top 3 bowlers after the 16 games advancing through to a stepladder final. From 2005 to 2011, the masters was played using the matchplay style, best of 5 format. From 2013-2015, the top 24 men and women in All-Events advanced to the Masters event. All players will bowl six games with the All-Events total carried forward. The top 8 after 30 games advance to seven games of round robin match play, where 20 bonus points are awarded for a won match and 10 bonus points for a tied match. The top 4 advance to the semifinals, which is a one-game match, 1 vs 4 and 2 vs 3. The semifinal losers will earn a bronze medal. The semifinal winners advance to a one-game final match to determine gold and silver medals. In 2017, the masters format (still consisting of top 24 men and women) reverted to matchplay style, best of 3.

Dual pattern format[edit]

In 2005 the World Championships adopted the "dual pattern format" lane conditions. The two patterns are chosen from a bank of oil patterns certified by World Bowling. These oil patterns are classified as "short", "medium", and "long". Each bowler at the championships will bowl an equal amount of games on the 2 patterns. In the masters, each match is played on alternating lane patterns with the highest seed having the choice of which pattern to start on.

The concept of having two different lane patterns is to force the bowlers to be more versatile in the championships. The two different lane patterns force the bowlers to attack each pattern from different angles, using different styles of play, such as ball speed, hand position and ball choice. It has been argued that in previous championships around the world, using 1 pattern for the whole event would suit certain bowlers over others, which was deemed as being unfair. It was agreed that having 2 different lane conditions would be a fairer way of determining the best bowlers at the championships. Many other championships around the world have also adopted this format, such as the Men's and Women's European Championships, the Asian Games, the World Ranking Masters, The Commonwealth Championships and the Asian Championships. World Bowling announced in December 2015 only one lane pattern will be used for the entirety of future World Championships, ending the dual pattern format.[2]

Championships[edit]

World Bowling Executive Board have awarded the 2021 Combined World Championships hosting rights to Kuwait. Hong Kong will host the Men's World Championships in 2018, and Las Vegas will host the Women's World Championships in 2019.[3]

A new event, WTBA World Singles Championships for men and women, was held for the first time in Limassol, Cyprus from September 18–26, 2012, and will be held subsequently every four years. With this new event, WTBA will stage a World Championship event every year.

Number Year City Country Women Men Total Events
1 1954 Helsinki  Finland - 58 58 4
2 1955 Essen  West Germany - 64 64 4
3 1958 Helsingborg  Sweden - 99 99 4
4 1960 Hamburg  West Germany - 102 102 4
5 1963 Mexico City  Mexico 45 132 177 8
6 1967 Malmö  Sweden 84 161 225 8
7 1971 Milwaukee  United States 103 268 371 8
8 1975 London  England 152 271 423 8
9 1979 Manila  Philippines 146 175 321 12
10 1983 Caracas  Venezuela 175 206 381 12
11 1987 Helsinki  Finland 196 230 426 12
12 1991 Singapore  Singapore 196 280 476 12
13 1995 Reno  United States 253 358 611 12
14 1999 Abu Dhabi  United Arab Emirates 255 345 600 12
15 2003 Kuala Lumpur  Malaysia 234 348 582 12
16 2005 Aalborg  Denmark 216 - 216 6
17 2006 Busan  South Korea - 247 247 6
18 2007 Monterrey  Mexico 227 - 227 6
19 2008 Bangkok  Thailand - 333 333 6
20 2009 Las Vegas  United States 228 - 228 6
21 2010 Munich  Germany - 356 356 6
22 2011 Hong Kong  Hong Kong 171 - 171 6
23 2013 Henderson  United States 212 216 428 12
24 2014 Abu Dhabi  United Arab Emirates - 272 272 6
25 2015 Abu Dhabi  United Arab Emirates 147 - 147 6
26 2017 Las Vegas  United States 176 213 389 12
27 2018 Hong Kong  Hong Kong -
28 2019 Las Vegas  United States -
29 2021 Kuwait City  Kuwait - -

Medal history[4][edit]

Women's medal table[edit]

As 2017

Rank Nation Gold Silver Bronze Total
1  United States 27 25 25 77
2  South Korea 16 8 13 37
3  Sweden 6 12 8 26
4  Philippines 6 3 2 11
5  Malaysia 5 8 3 16
6  Japan 5 4 5 14
7  Australia 4 6 8 18
8  Germany 4 6 6 16
9  Finland 4 6 5 15
10  Mexico 4 4 4 12
11  Chinese Taipei 4 2 4 10
12  Canada 3 4 0 7
13  Denmark 3 2 9 14
14  England 3 1 5 9
15  Colombia 2 2 4 8
16  Singapore 1 8 7 16
17  China 1 1 0 2
18  Puerto Rico 1 0 2 3
19  Thailand 1 0 1 2
20  Venezuela 0 0 4 4
=21  Hong Kong 0 0 2 2
=21  Indonesia 0 0 2 2
=23  Austria 0 0 1 1
=23  Belgium 0 0 1 1
=23  France 0 0 1 1
=23  Latvia 0 0 1 1
=23  South Africa 0 0 1 1
Total 100 102 124 326

Men's medal table[edit]

As 2017

Rank Nation Gold Silver Bronze Total
1  United States 30 22 21 73
2  Sweden 19 12 11 42
3  Finland 11 17 16 44
4  South Korea 8 7 15 30
5  Chinese Taipei 5 5 2 12
6  England 5 2 4 11
7  Australia 5 1 6 12
8  Canada 4 3 2 9
9  Netherlands 4 2 5 11
10  Mexico 3 7 7 14
11  Germany 2 5 9 16
12  Philippines 2 3 1 6
13  Belgium 2 3 0 5
14  Singapore 2 2 0 4
15  Venezuela 1 3 6 10
16  Norway 1 3 4 8
17  Malaysia 1 2 2 5
=18  France 1 1 4 6
20  Denmark 1 1 3 5
21  Puerto Rico 1 1 1 3
22  Hong Kong 1 1 0 2
23  Qatar 1 0 1 2
24  Japan 0 6 4 10
25  United Arab Emirates 0 1 3 4
=26  Guam 0 0 1 1
=26  Italy 0 0 1 1
=26  Kuwait 0 0 1 1
Total 111 111 134 356

Total medal table[edit]

As 2017

Rank Nation Gold Silver Bronze Total
1  United States 57 47 47 151
2  Sweden 25 24 19 68
3  South Korea 24 15 27 66
4  Finland 15 23 21 59
5  Australia 9 7 14 30
6  Chinese Taipei 9 7 6 22
7  Philippines 8 6 3 17
8  England 8 3 9 20
9  Mexico 7 11 11 29
10  Canada 7 6 2 15
11  Germany 6 12 15 33
12  Malaysia 6 10 5 21
23  Japan 5 10 9 24
14  Denmark 4 3 12 19
15  Netherlands 4 2 5 11
16  Singapore 3 10 7 20
17  Colombia 3 3 8 14
18  Belgium 2 3 1 6
19  Puerto Rico 2 1 3 6
20  Venezuela 1 3 10 14
21  Norway 1 3 4 8
22  France 1 1 5 7
23  Hong Kong 1 1 2 4
24  China 1 1 0 2
25  Qatar 1 0 1 2
26  Thailand 1 0 1 2
27  United Arab Emirates 0 1 3 4
28  Indonesia 0 0 2 2
29  Austria 0 0 1 1
30  Guam 0 0 1 1
31  Italy 0 0 1 1
32  Kuwait 0 0 1 1
33  Latvia 0 0 1 1
34  South Africa 0 0 1 1
Total 211 213 258 682

Medal winners[edit]

Please see List of WTBA World Tenpin Bowling Championships medalists.


World Championship Records[edit]

Men[edit]

Category Record Player Country Event Year/Venue
Individual Records
Individual Game 300 Rick Steelsmith  United States Trios 1987, Helsinki, Finland Finland
Rolando Sebelen Sr.  Dominican Republic Doubles 1999, Abu Dhabi, UAE United Arab Emirates
Steve Thornton  England Doubles
Andrés Gomez  Colombia Doubles
Ahmed Shaheen  Qatar Trios
Amedeo Spada  Italy Singles 2003, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia Malaysia
Anders Öhman  Sweden Doubles
Darren Cundy  England Team
Kimmo Lehtonen  Finland (Make-up) Team
Martin Larsen  Sweden Round Robin
Antonis Evaggelidis  Greece Trios 2006, Busan, South Korea South Korea
Bill Hoffman  United States Team
Biboy Rivera  Philippines Masters Final
Pasi Uotila  Finland Singles 2010, Munich, Germany Germany
Chris Barnes  United States Singles
Bodo Konieczny  Germany Singles 2013, Henderson, United States United States
Luis Eduardo Rovaina  Venezuela Singles
Bill O'Neill  United States Singles
Chris Barnes  United States Doubles
Park Jong-Woo  South Korea Doubles
Tore Torgersen  Norway Trios
Achim Grabowski  Germany Team
Hareb Al-Mansoori  UAE Team
Ricardo Lecuona  Mexico Team
Wu Hao-Ming  Chinese Taipei Singles 2017, Las Vegas, United States United States
Individual 3 Game Series 826 Kimmo Lehtonen  Finland Singles 1999, Abu Dhabi, UAE United Arab Emirates
Individual 6 Game Series 1541 Jason Belmonte  Australia Doubles 2006, Busan, South Korea South Korea
Individual 24 Game All-Events 5635 Tore Torgersen  Norway 1999, Abu Dhabi, UAE United Arab Emirates
Singles Records
Singles - 1 Game 300 Amedeo Spada  Italy 2003, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia Malaysia
Pasi Uotila  Finland 2010, Munich, Germany Germany
Chris Barnes  United States
Bodo Konieczny  Germany 2013, Henderson, Nevada, United States United States
Luis Eduardo Rovaina  Venezuela
Bill O'Neill  United States
Wu Hao-Ming  Chinese Taipei 2017, Las Vegas, United States United States
Singles - 3 Games 826 Kimmo Lehtonen  Finland 1999, Abu Dhabi, UAE United Arab Emirates
Singles - 6 Games 1524 Remy Ong  Singapore 2006, Busan, South Korea South Korea
Doubles Records
Doubles - 1 Game 599 Jaime Monroy
Andrés Gomez
 Colombia 1999, Abu Dhabi, UAE United Arab Emirates
Doubles - 3 Games 1514 Tomas Leandersson
Anders Öhman
 Sweden 2003, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia Malaysia
Doubles - 6 Games 2906 Tomas Leandersson
Anders Öhman
 Sweden 2003, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia Malaysia
Trios Records
Trios - 1 Game 778 Antti-Pekka Lax
Lasse Lintilä
Ari Halme
 Finland 1999, Abu Dhabi, UAE United Arab Emirates
Trios - 3 Games 2196 Bill O'Neill
Chris Barnes
Tommy Jones
 United States 2010, Munich, Germany Germany
Trios - 6 Games 4144 Mike Fagan
Sean Rash
Marshall Kent
 United States 2014, Abu Dhabi, UAE United Arab Emirates
Team Records
Team - 1 Game 1309 Mario Quintero
Luis Kassian
Ricardo Lecuona
Roberto Silva
Alejandro Cruz
 Mexico 2013, Henderson, Nevada, United States United States
Team - 3 Games 3563 Park Jong-Woo
Choi Bok-Eum
Hong Hae-Sol
Shin Seungh-Yeon
Kim Kyung-Min
 South Korea 2014, Abu Dhabi, UAE United Arab Emirates
Team - 6 Games 6917 Park Jong-Woo
Kang Hee-Won
Choi Bok-Eum
Hong Hae-Sol
Shin Seungh-Yeon
Kim Kyung-Min
 South Korea 2014, Abu Dhabi, UAE United Arab Emirates

Women[edit]

Category Record Player Country Event Year/Venue
Individual Records
Individual Game 300 Cha Mi-Jung  South Korea Trios 1999, Abu Dhabi, UAE United Arab Emirates
Kim Yeau-Jin  South Korea Doubles 2007, Monterrey, Mexico Mexico
Kirsten Penny  England Team
María Rodríguez  Colombia Doubles 2009, Las Vegas, United States United States
Kelly Kulick  United States Singles 2011, Hong Kong Hong Kong, China
Caroline Lagrange  Canada Trios
Shannon O'Keefe  United States Trios
Britt Brøndsted  Denmark Team
Shayna Ng  Singapore Masters 1st Round
Shannon Pluhowsky  United States Masters Finals
Kelly Kulick  United States Doubles Semifinals 2013, Henderson, United States United States
Joan Gonzalez  Venezuela Doubles 2015, Abu Dhabi, UAE United Arab Emirates
Karen Marcano  Venezuela Team
Liz Johnson  United States Team Finals
Masters Step 2
Danielle McEwan  United States Masters Step 2
Individual 3 Game Series 812 Jacqueline Sijore  Malaysia Singles 2011, Hong Kong Hong Kong, China
Individual 6 Game Series 1601 Shayna Ng  Singapore Singles 2011, Hong Kong Hong Kong, China
Individual 24 Game All-Events 5744 Mai Ginge Jensen  Denmark 2011, Hong Kong Hong Kong, China
Singles Records
Singles - 1 Game 300 Kelly Kulick  United States 2011, Hong Kong Hong Kong, China
Singles - 3 Games 812 Jacqueline Sijore  Malaysia 2011, Hong Kong Hong Kong, China
Singles - 6 Games 1601 Shayna Ng  Singapore 2011, Hong Kong Hong Kong, China
Doubles Records
Doubles - 1 Game 556 Carolyn Dorin-Ballard
Kelly Kulick
 United States 2011, Hong Kong Hong Kong, China
Doubles - 3 Games 1536 Carolyn Dorin-Ballard
Kelly Kulick
 United States 2011, Hong Kong Hong Kong, China
Doubles - 6 Games 2901 Carolyn Dorin-Ballard
Kelly Kulick
 United States 2011, Hong Kong Hong Kong, China
Trios Records
Trios - 1 Game 802 Stefanie Nation
Shannon Pluhowsky
Shannon O'Keefe
 United States 2011, Hong Kong Hong Kong, China
Trios - 3 Games 2165 Esther Cheah
Zandra Aziela
Jacqueline Sijore
 Malaysia 2011, Hong Kong Hong Kong, China
Trios - 6 Games 4232 Hwang Sun-Ok
Jeon Eun-Hee
Son Yun-Hee
 South Korea 2011, Hong Kong Hong Kong, China
Team Records
Team - 1 Game 1262 Nadine Geisler
Vanessa Timter
Juliane Rieger
Birgit Pöppler
Patricia Luoto
 Germany 2011, Hong Kong Hong Kong, China
Team - 3 Games 3491 Stefanie Nation
Missy Parkin
Shannon O'Keefe
Kelly Kulick
Liz Johnson
 United States 2013, Henderson, United States United States
Jeon Eun-Hee
Son Hye-Rin
Kim Jin-Sun
Jung Da-Wun
Baek Seung-Ja
 South Korea 2015, Abu Dhabi, UAE United Arab Emirates
Team - 6 Games 6750 Nadine Geisler
Vanessa Timter
Juliane Rieger
Janine Ribguth
Birgit Pöppler
Patricia Luoto
 Germany 2011, Hong Kong Hong Kong, China

See also[edit]

External links[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "World Championships, A Historical Review". European Tenpin Bowling Federation. 
  2. ^ "Last World Tenpin Bowling Association Congress approves several rules changes". Bowlingdigital. Retrieved 27 November 2017. 
  3. ^ Upcoming World Bowling Events, etbf.eu; accessed September 14, 2017.
  4. ^ "Medal History". European Tenpin Bowling Federation. Retrieved 12 December 2017.