WTC Cortlandt (IRT Broadway–Seventh Avenue Line)

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 WTC Cortlandt
 "1" train
MTA NYC logo.svg New York City Subway rapid transit station
Station platforms on reopening day, facing north.
Station statistics
Address180 Greenwich Street,
New York, NY 10007 United States
LocaleFinancial District, World Trade Center
Coordinates40°42′41″N 74°00′43″W / 40.7115°N 74.012°W / 40.7115; -74.012Coordinates: 40°42′41″N 74°00′43″W / 40.7115°N 74.012°W / 40.7115; -74.012
DivisionA (IRT)
Line      IRT Broadway–Seventh Avenue Line
Services      1 all times (all times)
Transit connectionsAt Chambers Street–World Trade Center/Park Place/Cortlandt Street:
      2 all times (all times)
      3 all except late nights (all except late nights)​
      A all times (all times)
      C all except late nights (all except late nights)
      E all times (all times)​
      N late nights (late nights)
      R all except late nights (all except late nights)
      W weekdays only (weekdays only)
Subway transportation Port Authority Trans-Hudson PATH: NWK–WTC, HOB–WTC (at World Trade Center)
Platforms2 side platforms
Other information
OpenedJuly 1, 1918; 100 years ago (1918-07-01)
ClosedSeptember 11, 2001; 17 years ago (2001-09-11) (temporary closure)
ReopenedSeptember 8, 2018; 3 months ago (2018-09-08)[1]
Station code328[2]
AccessibleThis station is compliant with the Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990 ADA-accessible
Wireless serviceWi-Fi and cellular service is provided at this station[3]
Former/other namesCortlandt Street
World Trade Center
Passengers (2017)0[4]Steady 0%
Rank425 out of 425
Station succession
Next northChambers Street: 1 all times
Next southRector Street: 1 all times

Next adjacent station compliant with the Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990 northChambers Street: 1 all times
Next adjacent station compliant with the Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990 southSouth Ferry: 1 all times

WTC Cortlandt,[a] additionally signed as World Trade Center on walls and formerly known as Cortlandt Street and Cortlandt Street–World Trade Center, is a station on the IRT Broadway–Seventh Avenue Line of the New York City Subway in Lower Manhattan. The station is located under the intersection of Greenwich Street and Cortlandt Way within the World Trade Center. It is served by the 1 train at all times.

The original Cortlandt Street station was built by the Interborough Rapid Transit Company (IRT) and opened in 1918. The station was renovated in the 1960s when the original World Trade Center was built. Around that time, the portion of Cortlandt Street above the station had been demolished to make way for the World Trade Center. The Cortlandt Street station was destroyed on September 11, 2001. Although service on the Broadway–Seventh Avenue Line was restored in 2002, the station's reconstruction was delayed until 2015 because the Port Authority of New York and New Jersey had to first rebuild the World Trade Center PATH station beneath it. After an extensive $158 million reconstruction, the Cortlandt Street station reopened on September 8, 2018, as WTC Cortlandt.

The station contains connections to the PATH at the World Trade Center station, as well as an out-of-system passageway to the Fulton Center subway complex via the World Trade Center Transportation Hub.

Station layout[edit]

G Street level Vesey Street, West Broadway, Greenwich Street, September 11 Memorial and Museum
Upper Concourse
Broadway and 7th Avenue Line stations[6]
Side platform, doors will open on the right Handicapped/disabled access
Northbound Broadway "R" train toward Forest Hills–71st Avenue (City Hall)
"W" train weekdays ("N" train late nights) toward Ditmars Boulevard (City Hall)
Southbound Broadway "R" train toward Bay Ridge–95th Street (Rector Street)
"W" train toward Whitehall Street–South Ferry weekdays (Rector Street)
"N" train toward Coney Island–Stillwell Avenue late nights (Rector Street)
Side platform, doors will open on the right Handicapped/disabled access
Balcony Westfield World Trade Center; elevators, escalators, and stairs to lower concourse
Side platform, doors will open on the right Handicapped/disabled access
Northbound 7th Avenue "1" train toward Van Cortlandt Park–242nd Street (Chambers Street)
Southbound 7th Avenue "1" train toward South Ferry (Rector Street)
Side platform, doors will open on the right Handicapped/disabled access
West Concourse Balcony Shops, passageway to Brookfield Place
Lower Concourse
Subway passageway "2" train"3" train"A" train"C" train"E" train trains at Chambers Street–World Trade Center
"2" train"3" train"4" train"5" train"A" train"C" train"J" train"Z" train trains via Fulton Center
Subway crossunder MetroCard Vending Machines, turnstiles and entrance to Broadway Line platforms
Westfield World Trade Center Shops and booths
Subway crossunder MetroCard Vending Machines, turnstiles and entrance to 7th Avenue Line platforms
PATH fare control MetroCard/SmartLink machines, access to PATH platforms
West Concourse Shops, passageway to Brookfield Place
PATH Platforms
Track 1      HOB–WTC (rush hours only) toward Hoboken (Exchange Place)
Island platform (Platform A) Handicapped/disabled access
Track 2[b]      HOB–WTC toward Hoboken (Exchange Place)
Island platform (Platform B) Handicapped/disabled access
Track 3[c]      HOB–WTC toward Hoboken (Exchange Place)
Track 4[d]      NWK–WTC toward Newark (Exchange Place)
Island platform (Platform C) Handicapped/disabled access
Track 5[e]      NWK–WTC toward Newark (Exchange Place)
Side platform (Platform D) Handicapped/disabled access
Track layout

The original station was built at the intersection of Cortlandt and Greenwich Streets, in a part of Lower Manhattan nicknamed "Radio Row" because of the many electronics dealers on the street.[7] It had a standard two side platform layout with two tracks.[8] Prior to the station's first renovation in 1965, there were mosaic decorations by Squire J. Vickers depicting ships along each platform's wall.[9] Red i-beam columns ran along the entire length of both platforms at regular intervals with every other column having the standard black station name plate in white lettering; the name plates alternated between "Cortlandt Street" and "World Trade Center".[10]

The rebuilt station is located under Greenwich Street, at the same location as the original station.[11][12] It retains the two-track, two-side-platform layout, and is 20 feet (6.1 m) below the ground level.[12][13][14] There are columns between the tracks, except where the station passes over the World Trade Center Transportation Hub toward its north end. There is also a crossunder between the two platforms at the north end of the station, north of the hub.[15] The platforms feature gray i-beam columns with signs reading "WTC Cortlandt" on every other column. "World Trade Center" name signs are installed on the station's walls.[16] There is a crossunder between the two platforms at the north end of the station.[17] The station also contains an air-conditioning system.[18]

The 2018 artwork in this station is CHORUS, a $1 million, 4,350-square-foot (404 m2) weaving-based artwork by Ann Hamilton.[12] This artwork features words from several documents, including from the United Nations Declaration of Human Rights and United States Declaration of Independence, embossed onto the station walls.[19][16][18]

 Fulton St to Cortlandt St subway cross-section
Greenwich St WTC Transportation
Hub (Oculus) /

Westfield Shops
Church St Broadway Fulton
Center /

Nassau St William St
1 R / W 4 / 5 J / Z south mezzanine
underpass underpass Dey Street Passageway underpass mezzanine J / Z north mezzanine 2 / 3
mezzanine ← A / C →


The WTC Transportation Hub Oculus building

The rebuilt station is connected to the Chambers Street–World Trade Center/Park Place/Cortlandt Street and World Trade Center PATH stations within the World Trade Center Transportation Hub. The WTC Cortlandt station is located just west to the World Trade Center Hub's head house, which is known as the "Oculus".[13][14][20] There are a total of four entrances from the World Trade Center Transportation Hub.[1] Two mezzanines underneath the tracks, at the north and south ends of the station, give direct access from the subway to the PATH. The northern mezzanine contains access to both platforms, while the southern mezzanine only connects to the southbound platform.[15] There are additional entrances to the uptown platform from the Oculus building's upper balcony, as well as from the South Concourse, which connects to the basement of 3 World Trade Center.[13][15] There is an out-of-system connection to the Fulton Center via the WTC Hub.[14]

The southbound platform has two direct exits to the street. The first is an elevator and stair at Vesey Street at the platform's extreme north end, and the second is a pair of staircases to Cortlandt Way at the station's extreme south end.[15] The station is ADA-accessible via the elevator at Vesey Street, as well as existing elevators to the World Trade Center Transportation Hub. Additional elevators lead from each platform to the crossunder beneath the station.[21][15]

Prior to 9/11, the station's full-time entrance was located at the north end of the station at Vesey Street and West Broadway, where there was a turnstile bank and one full height turnstile.[22][23] The token booth at this exit was still intact until the last remnants of the station were removed in 2007.[24][25] The entrance to the World Trade Center Concourse[26] consisted of full height turnstiles at the center of each platform[27] and was only open on weekdays between 6:40 a.m. and 10 p.m.[28][f] At the station's southern end, there was an exit to Liberty Street through Four World Trade Center.[30]

Lower Manhattan transit
Brooklyn Bridge–City Hall  4  5  (  6 )
 1  2  3  Chambers Street
Chambers Street  J  Z 
 A  C  (  E ) Chambers Street–WTC
City Hall  R  W 
 2  3  Park Place
Cortlandt Street  R  W 
Fulton Street  2  3  4  5  A  C  J  Z 
Rector Street  R  W 
 4  5  Wall Street
Wall Street  2  3 
 4  5  Bowling Green
Broad Street (  J  Z )


This Vickers mosaic was located in the station until it was removed in 1965 as part of a renovation. It is now located at the New York Transit Museum.

Early history[edit]

A shuttle along the IRT Broadway–Seventh Avenue Line, splitting from the original line at Times Square–42nd Street and going south to 34th Street–Penn Station, had opened in 1917.[31] The shuttle line was extended south to South Ferry on July 1, 1918, with World Trade Center-Cortlandt (at the time known as Cortlandt Street) being one of the stops along the South Ferry segment of the new extension. A shorter shuttle also ran from Chambers Street to Wall Street.[32] A new "H" system was implemented on August 1, 1918, and all trains on the Broadway–Seventh Avenue Line north of Times Square were rerouted to South Ferry or Brooklyn via the new extension, while the old IRT line via 42nd Street became the modern-day 42nd Street Shuttle.[33]

In 1965, Cortlandt Street west of Church Street was demolished to create the superblock of the World Trade Center.[34] The station, with entrances at Vesey Street and inside the World Trade Center concourse,[28] was separated from the remaining block of Cortlandt Street.[34] In 1965 and 1966, the platforms were extended to accommodate ten-car trains.[35][28] The old tiling and mosaics were removed and replaced with the 1970s-style varnished, tan-colored brick tiles.[36] One of the Vickers mosaics was preserved in the New York Transit Museum.[9]

During the 1980s, when service levels across the subway system were decreased greatly from their heyday in the 1910s, the Metropolitan Transportation Authority installed the system's first train-frequency schedules at the Cortlandt Street station. Older timetables and maps elsewhere had been removed since they had become inaccurate.[37]

Trains bypassed the station in the aftermath of the February 26, 1993, World Trade Center bombing.[38] Soon after, 1 trains were back to Chambers Street.[39] In 2001, just prior to the September 11 attacks, the Cortlandt Street station saw 19,446 riders per day.[40]:8C-3

September 11, 2001 attacks[edit]

Station destruction caused by September 11, 2001 attacks

The station and the surrounding subway tunnels were severely damaged in the September 11, 2001 terrorist attacks from the collapse of Two World Trade Center, resulting in the closure of the line south of Chambers Street. The steel I-beams of the station were crumpled and the station roof collapsed, as the tunnel had been located 40 feet (12 m) underground, relatively close to ground level.[41]

Soon after the attacks, two options were considered: either the existing line would be repaired, or the tunnel would be diverted westward just to the north of the World Trade Center site before heading to a new terminal at South Ferry.[42] The first option was chosen, and to quickly restore service to Rector Street and South Ferry stations to the south, workers demolished the remainder of the station and built walls where the platforms used to be. 975 feet (297 m) of tunnels and trackage, including 575 feet (175 m) of totally destroyed tunnels and tracks in the vicinity of the station site as it traversed Ground Zero, were entirely rebuilt. However, officials wanted only to reopen Rector and South Ferry stations at the time, and the Cortlandt Street station was to be closed completely, with no replacement.[43]

Eventually, it was decided that the Cortlandt Street station was to be rebuilt as part of the greater World Trade Center reconstruction project; since the station was such a vital one in the area, a permanent closure was infeasible.[43] As part of the project, the East Bathtub was extended under the line to the eastern boundary of the site at Church Street. George Pataki, who was the governor of New York at the time, stated, "This is going to help more than a million people by restoring service, help the recovery of lower Manhattan and sends a powerful message that New York City can't be stopped."[44] The Port Authority's chief engineer and others tried to convince him to temporarily shut down the line while the new transportation hub at the World Trade Center was under construction. The Governor's decision to keep the line open increased the cost of the project because the subway structure had to be underpinned.[45] The line reopened on September 15, 2002, with trains bypassing the site of the Cortlandt Street station.[46]

The northern entrance at Vesey Street was under a staircase to the plaza above. After the World Trade Center collapse on September 11, the staircase still stood and became known as the Survivors' Staircase.[47] The stairs were moved into the National September 11 Museum in July 2008.[48]

Reconstruction and delays[edit]

The ruins of the former Vesey Street entrance in 2006
The WTC site in 2008. The concrete structure at top is a subway tunnel that includes the former location of the original station

In 2007, the Port Authority of New York and New Jersey (PANYNJ), in the Environmental Impact Statement for the World Trade Center PATH terminal, expected the Cortlandt Street station to reopen in 2009.[40]:8C-16 In October 2008, the PANYNJ stated in a report that it had come to an agreement with the MTA on reconstructing the Cortlandt Street station. The MTA would pay the Port Authority to rebuild the station as part of the Port Authority's World Trade Center Transportation Hub contract, in order to make the construction process more efficient.[49]:50 The Port Authority was set to complete underpinning and excavation under the tunnel structure by the second quarter of 2010, and start basic construction of the Cortlandt Street station during the 3rd quarter.[49]:50 In the second quarter report for 2010, the Port Authority of New York and New Jersey confirmed that excavation under the tunnel structure of the World Trade Center site was nearly complete, and that construction of the Cortlandt Street station would begin during the third quarter of 2010.[50] Station finishes were set to start during the second quarter of 2011,[49]:50 and work began on the station mezzanine and platforms in September 2011.[14]

The tracks were walled off for the protection of the workers while the construction progressed. From 2008[51] to 2011,[14] the 1 train used an enclosed structure for a short distance when passing the site of the station, as a result of the massive excavation in the World Trade Center site.[52] When the site was filled back in, the developers of the new World Trade Center rebuilt Cortlandt Street across the site as one of the primary roads, resulting in the rebuilt Cortlandt Street station again serving its namesake.[34]

Disputes between the PANYNJ and the MTA over who would pay for the renovation had caused the planned opening of the station to be delayed from 2014 to 2018. In 2013, the PANYNJ awarded a contract to rebuild the station. The first phase of the demolition of the original station cost $19 million.[52] The area was still being rebuilt in December 2013,[53] and in February 2015, the PANYNJ and the MTA agreed to finish the station. The part of the Broadway–Seventh Avenue Line on which the Cortlandt Street station is located, south of Chambers Street, was intermittently closed between May 2015 and 2018. This allowed construction at the station, which included station finishes, tiles and lighting,[19] to resume.[54]

The MTA gained control of the Cortlandt Street station's reconstruction project in 2015.[44] However, in January 2017, an independent engineer for the MTA said that the station's reopening could potentially be pushed back due to disagreements with station contractor Judlau Contracting. At that time, the MTA had spent $800,000 per month on the project, but it would need to spend four times as much money in order to meet the projected August 2018 deadline.[55] The PANYNJ agreed to grant the MTA "full access" to the Cortlandt Street station in June 2017 once the temporary World Trade Center PATH entrance was demolished and the station's foundation was poured.[56] The renovation included new Americans with Disabilities Act-compliant entrances with elevators,[56] track-intrusion systems, fire alarms, Help Points, CCTV cameras, countdown clocks and air conditioning.[57] A $1 million weaving-based artwork by Ann Hamilton was installed in the station.[19]

By September 2017, much of the communications, power, and ventilation infrastructure was being installed, but contractor work and Port Authority utility relocation were significantly delayed. According to the MTA's Capital Program Oversight Committee, the contractor had to more than double its productivity to ensure an October 2018 opening, with substantial completion in December 2018.[58] In April 2018, several news sources affirmed the possible reopening date of October 2018.[44][59][60][61] By June, the station wiring was complete, architectural finishes and turnstiles were being installed, and elevators and escalators were being installed.[21] Station name signs with the text "World Trade Center" were being installed along the platform walls by August 2018.[16][62] The reconstruction of the station ultimately cost $181 million,[63][64] up from an earlier projection of $101 million.[19]

On September 7, 2018, several news sources reported that the station would reopen the next day in time for the seventeenth anniversary of the attacks.[1][62] The station indeed reopened with a ceremony on September 8, 2018.[65][64][66] A new name, "WTC Cortlandt", was chosen for the station because of its location under World Trade Center, in addition to paying homage to its historic name of Cortlandt Street.[18] However, work on the station had yet to be complete. As of September 2018, the MTA still had to complete the art on the northbound platform's wall, replace temporary ceilings, floodproof the station, and complete the north end of the station. The MTA projected that the work would be substantially complete by the end of December 2018.[67]:10 All work was to be complete by mid-2019.[67]:13

Panoramic view of the rebuilt station



  1. ^ According to an internal MTA document, train conductors are explicitly told to spell World Trade Center's name out as the acronym "WTC" when making announcements for the station.[5]
  2. ^ Formerly track 1
  3. ^ Formerly track 2
  4. ^ Formerly track 3
  5. ^ Formerly track 4
  6. ^ The hours can be seen in the following video at the 0:52 mark on the door.[29]


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  33. ^ "Open New Subway Lines to Traffic; Called a Triumph — Great H System Put in Operation Marks an Era in Railroad Construction — No Hitch in the Plans — But Public Gropes Blindly to Find the Way in Maze of New Stations — Thousands Go Astray — Leaders in City's Life Hail Accomplishment of Great Task at Meeting at the Astor" (PDF). The New York Times. August 2, 1918. p. 1. Retrieved November 6, 2016.
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  40. ^ a b Permanent WTC PATH Terminal: Environmental Impact Statement. 2007.
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  53. ^ Work at Cortlandt Street station #1 train continues above ground at WTC Transportation Hub
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  65. ^ "Cortlandt Street Station, Damaged on Sept. 11, Reopens 17 Years Later". The New York Times. September 8, 2018. Retrieved September 8, 2018.
  66. ^ "WTC Cortlandt Subway Station Reopens for 1st Time Since 9/11 Attacks". NBC 4 New York. Associated Press. September 8, 2018. Retrieved September 8, 2018.
  67. ^ a b "Capital Program Oversight Committee Meeting - September 2018" (PDF). Metropolitan Transportation Authority. September 24, 2018. Retrieved September 23, 2018.

Further reading

External links[edit]

External video
Video of the station taken in 1997-1998
World Trade Center NYC. The Vesey Street entrance in 1999 can be seen from 3:45 till 3:57
A rare view of Ground Zero on 9-16-01. The same entrance, already destroyed, can be seen from 5:25 till 7:20
Ten Years Later: MTA Reflects on 9/11, Metropolitan Transportation Authority; September 7, 2011; 4:20
External images
Station status in 2002
Construction in 2010
Construction in 2013