Tomb KV6 in Egypt's Valley of the Kings was the final resting place of the 20th-dynasty Pharaoh Ramesses IX. However, the archaeological evidence and the quality of decoration it contains indicates that the tomb was not finished in time for Ramesses's death but was hastily rushed through to completion, many corners being cut, following his demise, it is located in the central part of the Valley. Its unusually wide entrance stands between, above, those of two other interesting tombs: KV5 and KV55. Running a total distance of 105 metres into the hillside, the tomb begins with a gate and a shallow descending ramp. Following on from the ramp come three successive stretches of corridor; the first of these has four side chambers – two on each side – but none of these are decorated or finished. At the end of the corridors come three chambers; the first of these is decorated with the Opening of the Mouth ritual, it is possible that a well shaft would have been dug here had the builders been afforded more time.
The second chamber contains four large columns, but neither the stonecutting nor the decoration work were completed. At the far end of this chamber, a ramp slopes down to the actual burial chamber, where the pharaoh's sarcophagus was placed; the ceiling is vaulted, is decorated with splendid pictures of the goddess Nut. The side walls show scenes from the Book of the Earth; the far wall depicts Ramses on his barque, surrounded by a host of gods. The yellows, dark blues, blacks used to decorate this chamber are visually striking and unusual among the tomb decorations in the Valley. While the sarcophagus itself has long since vanished, Ramesses IX's mummy was one of those found in the Deir el-Bahri cache in 1881. KV6 has been open since antiquity, as can be seen by the graffiti left on its walls by Roman and Coptic visitors. Ramesses IX Tomb-plan Ostracon Reeves, N & Wilkinson, R. H; the Complete Valley of the Kings, 1996, Thames and Hudson, London Siliotti, A. Guide to the Valley of the Kings and to the Theban Necropolises and Temples, 1996, A.
A. Gaddis, Cairo KV6
Sitamun was an Ancient Egyptian princess and queen consort during the 18th dynasty. Sitamun is considered to be the eldest daughter of Pharaoh Amenhotep III and his Great Royal Wife Tiye, she was married to her father around Year 30 of Amenhotep III's reign. The belief that Sitamun was a daughter of Amenhotep and Tiye is based on the presence of objects found in the tomb of Yuya and Thuya, Queen Tiye's parents a chair bearing her title as the king's daughter. Sitamun is well attested, most notably in the tomb of Yuya and Thuya where three finely made chairs were discovered; as these chairs were used, are of progressively larger size, it is assumed they belonged to Sitamun as she was growing up. They were placed in her grandparents' tomb in the tradition of placing objects which had meaning in the deceased person's life, she is depicted on the stele of her nurse Nebetkabeny. Nothing is known of her life beyond being the oldest daughter of a powerful queen. In the last decade of her father's reign, she was promoted to the status of Great Royal Wife.
The evidence for this marriage consists of a blue-faience kohl-tube with the cartouches of Amenhotep III and Sitamun, an alabaster bowl found at Amarna with the same cartouches and jar-label inscriptions from Malkata palace. Sitamun's elevation to her role as Great Royal Wife of her father, Amenhotep III, is attested as early as Year 30 of his reign from jar label inscription No.95, discovered in the royal palace. She maintained her own rooms in the Malkata palace complex, Amenhotep, son of Hapu was appointed as the steward of her properties here, she is attested on a Karnak statue of Amenhotep, son of Hapu where she is mentioned as the king's Great Royal Wife. She appears on a relief from Amenhotep III's mortuary temple, found by William Matthew Flinders Petrie. Sitamun is among a handful of figures that appear near the end of the reign of Amenhotep III; this was an era of Egyptian history in which women assumed far more prominent and powerful roles with Amenhotep III's wife Tiye, Sitamun's mother, being a particular example.
Prior to Tiye's reign, "no previous queen figured so prominently in her husband's lifetime". Tiye appeared besides Amenhotep III in statuary and temple reliefs and stelae, while her name is paired with his on numerous small objects, such as vessels and jewellery, as well as their large commemorative scarabs; as the eldest daughter of a powerful queen, Sitamun would have been groomed for a political role but never fulfilled this potential, despite having her own property at Malkata and her high position at court. One possibility is. Another possibility is that she died prematurely or went into seclusion after her brother Akhenaten became king, she was an aunt of Tutankhamun. She is not mentioned during Akhenaten's reign. A separate chamber was carved for her in Amenhotep III's tomb in the Valley of the Kings, but there is no evidence that she was buried there. Singer of the Lord of the Two Lands King’s Wife King’s Great Wife King’s Daughter King’s Daughter Whom He Loves Eldest Daughter of the King Great Daughter of the King Whom He Loves Significant books on Sitamun: H. Schäfer's "Amarna in Religion und Kunst", Leipzig 1931.
E. Riefstahl "Thebes in the Time of Amenhotep III", NY 1964
Tomb KV10, located in the Valley of the Kings near the modern-day Egyptian city of Luxor, was cut and decorated for the burial of Pharaoh Amenmesse of the Nineteenth Dynasty of Ancient Egypt. However, there is no proof that he was buried here; the decoration was replaced with scenes for Takhat and Baketwernel—two royal women dating to the late 20th dynasty. It was visited by Richard Pococke, Jean-François Champollion and Karl Richard Lepsius, studied by Edward R. Ayrton before being properly examined by a team from the University of Memphis in the United States under Otto Schaden in 1992. Reeves, N & Wilkinson, R. H; the Complete Valley of the Kings, 1996, Thames and Hudson, London. Siliotti, A. Guide to the Valley of the Kings and to the Theban Necropolises and Temples, 1996, A. A. Gaddis, Cairo. Theban Mapping Project: KV10 - Includes description and plans of the tomb. KV-10 The Tomb of Amenmesse Project
Tomb KV35 is an ancient Egyptian tomb located in the Valley of the Kings in Luxor, Egypt. It was discovered by Victor Loret in March 1898 and contains the tomb of Amenhotep II, it was used as a cache for others. It has a dog's leg shape, typical of the layout of early Eighteenth Dynasty tombs, but several features make this tomb stand out; the burial chamber is a rectangular shape and divided into upper and lower pillared sections, with the lower part holding the sarcophagus of the king. This style of burial chamber became'standard' for royal burials in the New Kingdom; the tomb was used as a mummy cache. Mummies belonging to the following individuals were relocated here during the Third Intermediate Period and were identified by inscriptions on their burial wrappings: Amenhotep II Side Chamber: Thutmose IV Amenhotep III Merneptah Seti II Siptah Ramesses IV Ramesses V Ramesses VI Queen Tiye, identified as the so-called Elder Lady in February 2010 via DNA testing. A prince, identified by some as Webensenu son of Amenhotep II whose canopic jars were found in the tomb or Thutmose, elder son of Amenhotep III and Tiye The Younger Lady who, in June 2003, was controversially claimed to be Nefertiti by British Egyptologist Joann Fletcher, whereas Egyptologist Zahi Hawass believed it to be Kiya, another wife of Akhenaten, believed by some to be the birth mother of Tutankhamun.
Some believed this mummy to be a male. However, with DNA testing, this mummy was shown in February 2010 to be a woman, the mother of Tutankhamun, the daughter of Amenhotep III and Tiye, her name, remains unknown, leaving open the possibility that she is either Nebetiah or Beketaten. An unknown woman D in an upturned lid of a coffin inscribed for Setnakhte. Two skulls were found in the well and an anonymous arm was found with the above "Younger Lady". A body on a boat was destroyed at the start of the twentieth century. William Max Miller's Theban Royal Mummy Project
Tiye was the daughter of Yuya and Tjuyu. She became the Great Royal Wife of the Egyptian pharaoh Amenhotep III, she was grandmother of Tutankhamun. Her mummy was identified as "The Elder Lady" found in the tomb of Amenhotep II in 2010. Tiye's father, was a non-royal, wealthy landowner from the Upper Egyptian town of Akhmim, where he served as a priest and superintendent of oxen or commander of the chariotry. Tiye's mother, was involved in many religious cults, as her different titles attested, which suggests that she was a member of the royal family. Egyptologists have suggested that Tiye's father, was of foreign origin due to the features of his mummy and the many different spellings of his name, which might imply it was a non-Egyptian name in origin; some suggest that the queen's strong political and unconventional religious views might have been due not just to a strong character, but to foreign descent. Tiye had a brother, Second Prophet of Amun. Ay, a successor of Tutankhamun as pharaoh after the latter's death, is believed to be yet another brother of Tiye.
Tiye was married to Amenhotep III by the second year of his reign. He had been needed a stronger tie to the royal lineage, he appears to have been crowned while still a child between the ages of six to twelve. They had at least seven more children: Sitamun – The eldest daughter, elevated to the position of Great Royal Wife around year 30 of her father's reign. Isis – Also elevated to the position of Great Royal Wife. Henuttaneb – Not known to have been elevated to Queenship, though her name does appear in a Cartouche at least once. Nebetah – Sometimes thought to have been renamed Baketaten during her brother's reign. Crown Prince Thutmose – Crown Prince and High Priest of Ptah, pre-deceasing his father. Amenhotep IV/Akhenaten – Succeeded his father as pharaoh, husband of Queen Nefertiti, father of Ankhesenamun, who married Tutankhamun. Smenkhkare – traditionally seen as one of Akhenaten's immediate successors, today some Egyptologists such as Aidan Dodson believe he was the immediate predecessor of Neferneferuaten and a junior co-regent of Akhenaten who did not have an independent reign.
Sometimes identified with the mummy from KV55, therefore Tutankhamun's father. The Younger Lady from KV35 – A daughter of Amenhotep III and Tiye, mother of Tutankhamun and sister-wife of KV55. One of the already-known daughters of Amenhotep III and Tiye. Beketaten – Sometimes thought to be Queen Tiye's daughter based on a stelae with Baketaten seated next to Tiye at dinner with Akhenaten and Nefertiti, her husband devoted a number of shrines to her and constructed a temple dedicated to her in Sedeinga in Nubia where she was worshipped as a form of the goddess Hathor-Tefnut. He had an artificial lake built for her in his Year 12. On the colossal statue now in the Egyptian Museum she is of equal height with her husband; as the American Egyptologists David O'Connor and Eric Cline note: Tiye wielded a great deal of power during both her husband’s and son’s reigns. Amenhotep III became a fine sportsman, a lover of outdoor life, a great statesman, he had to consider claims for Egypt's gold and requests for his royal daughters in marriage from foreign kings such as Tushratta of Mitanni and Kadashman-Enlil I of Babylon.
The royal lineage was carried by the women of Ancient Egypt and marriage to one would have been a path to the throne for their progeny. Tiye became confidant. Being wise, intelligent and fierce, she was able to gain the respect of foreign dignitaries. Foreign leaders were willing to deal directly through her, she continued to play an active role in foreign relations and was the first Egyptian queen to have her name recorded on official acts. Tiye may have continued to advise her son, when he took the throne, her son’s correspondence with Tushratta, the king of Mitanni, speaks of the political influence she wielded at court. In Amarna letter EA 26, king to Mitanni, corresponded directly with Tiye to reminisce about the good relations he enjoyed with her deceased husband and extended his wish to continue on friendly terms with her son, Akhenaten. Amenhotep III died in Year 38 or Year 39 of his reign and was buried in the Valley of the Kings in WV22. Tiye continued to be mentioned in the Amarna letters and in inscriptions as queen and beloved of the king.
Amarna letter EA 26, addressed to Tiye, dates to the reign of Akhenaten. She is known to have had a house at Akhetaten, Akhenaten's new capital and is shown on the walls of the tomb of Huya – a "steward in the house of the king's mother, the great royal wife Tiyi" – depicted at a dinner table with Akhenaten and their family and being escorted by the king to her sunshade. In an inscription dated to November 21 of Year 12 of Akhenaten's reign, both she and her granddaughter Meketaten are mentioned for the last time, they are thought to have died shortly after that date. This information is corrorborated by the fact that the shrine which Akhenaten created for her—which was found transported from Amarna to tomb KV55 in Thebes—bore th
Tomb KV32, located in the Valley of the Kings in Egypt, is the burial site of Tia'a, the wife of Amenhotep II and mother of Thutmose IV. The tomb was discovered in 1898 by Victor Loret, it is unfinished and undecorated, runs back some 40 metres into the mountainside. A portion of it was penetrated by workmen digging the original burial chamber in the tomb of Siptah KV47. KV32 has not yet been cleared or excavated, but work is underway by a team from the University of Basel's MISR Project. Theban Mapping Project: KV32 - Includes detailed maps of most of the tombs
Tomb KV47, located in the Valley of the Kings in Egypt, was used for the burial of Pharaoh Siptah of the Nineteenth Dynasty, though Siptah's mummy was found in KV35. KV47 was discovered on December 1905 by Edward R. Ayrton. Theodore M. Davis, Ayrton's sponsor, published an account of the site's discovery and excavation in 1908. Ayrton stopped his excavation in 1907 due to safety fears, Harry Burton returned in 1912 to dig further; the cutting of Chamber J1 was halted after the workmen cut into Side Chamber Ja of the tomb of Tia'a, KV32. The workmen were forced to abandon the chamber and create a second burial chamber, Chamber J2 Davis, Theodore M; the Tomb of Siphtah: With the Tomb of Queen Tîyi. London: Duckworth Publishing, 2001. ISBN 0-7156-3073-3 Theban Mapping Project: KV47 - Includes detailed maps of most of the tombs