W (New York City Subway service)

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"W" train symbol
Broadway Local
W train Union Square (1).jpg
A W train of R160s arriving at 14th Street-Union Square
Map of the "W" train
Note: Dashed pink line shows limited rush hour service to Gravesend-86th Street.
Northern end Astoria–Ditmars Boulevard
Southern end
Stations 23
44 (limited service)
Rolling stock (N/W shared) 24 R68s (3 trains)
300 R160A/Bs (30 trains)[1]
(Rolling stock assignments subject to change)
Depot Coney Island Yard
Started service July 22, 2001; 17 years ago (2001-07-22)
Discontinued June 25, 2010; 8 years ago (2010-06-25)
Reinstated November 7, 2016; 20 months ago (2016-11-07)
Route map

Down arrow  N  W 
Astoria–Ditmars Boulevard
Astoria Boulevard
30th Avenue
Broadway (February 2019)
36th Avenue
39th Avenue (February 2019)
Queensboro Plaza
Lexington Avenue–59th Street
Fifth Avenue–59th Street
Down arrow  Q 
( N   R  limited rush)
96th Street
86th Street
72nd Street
Lexington Avenue–63rd Street
57th Street–Seventh Avenue
49th Street
(Handicapped/disabled access northbound)
Times Square–42nd Street
"N" train
switches to express
tracks during weekdays
34th Street–Herald Square
28th Street
23rd Street
14th Street–Union Square
Eighth Street–New York University
Prince Street
"N" train
daytime via Manhattan Bridge
late nights via Lower Manhattan
Canal Street
City Hall
Cortlandt Street
Rector Street
Whitehall Street–South Ferry
Up arrow  W  weekdays
(Down arrow  R  late nights)
no regular service via Nassau Street
Montague Tunnel
Court Street
Jay Street–MetroTech
DeKalb Avenue
Atlantic Avenue–Barclays Center
Union Street
Ninth Street
Prospect Avenue
25th Street
36th Street
45th Street
53rd Street
59th Street
southbound express service
due to station renovations
Eighth Avenue
Fort Hamilton Parkway
New Utrecht Avenue
18th Avenue
20th Avenue
Bay Parkway
(last southbound W stop)
Kings Highway
Avenue U
86th Street
(first northbound W stop)
Up arrow  W 
(limited rush hours)
Coney Island–Stillwell Avenue
Up arrow
 N 
 D   F   Q 
Legend

Lines used by the "N" train and "W" train
Other services sharing tracks with the "N" train and "W" train
Unused lines, connections, or service patterns
 N 
Termini of services

Cross-platform interchange

Platforms on different levels

The W Broadway Local[2] is a rapid transit service of the New York City Subway's B Division. Its route emblem, or "bullet", is colored yellow since it uses the BMT Broadway Line in Manhattan.[3]

The W operates weekdays only except late nights between Ditmars Boulevard in Astoria, Queens and South Ferry/Whitehall Street in Lower Manhattan, making local stops along its entire route; limited rush hour service is extended beyond Whitehall Street to and from 86th Street in Gravesend, Brooklyn, making local stops in Brooklyn.[4] The W is internally staffed and scheduled as part of the N.[5][6][7]

Introduced on July 22, 2001, the W ran at all times on the BMT West End Line and BMT Fourth Avenue Line in Brooklyn to Coney Island–Stillwell Avenue. It was truncated in 2004 to its current service pattern until June 25, 2010, when it was eliminated due to the Metropolitan Transportation Authority (MTA)'s financial crisis. The route was later reinstated on November 7, 2016, using its original emblem and 2004–2010 routing, as part of the updated service pattern related to the opening of the Second Avenue Subway.[6][8][9][10][11]

Service history[edit]

Context[edit]

The W was originally conceived as an extra Broadway Line local service running on the Astoria and Broadway lines to Whitehall Street in Manhattan. This service was essentially a variant of the N route, which in the 1970s and 1980s ran express on the Broadway Line between Forest Hills–71st Avenue in Queens and Coney Island–Stillwell Avenue in Brooklyn. At the time, some trains ran local on Broadway and only traveled between Forest Hills and Whitehall Street. However, reconstruction of the Manhattan Bridge's subway tracks between 1986 and 2004 forced the N, which normally ran express on the Broadway Line and via the bridge, to run local via the Montague Street Tunnel. This service change precluded W local service from running as envisioned. The W bullet appeared on roll signs as a yellow diamond bullet, but on the R68s and R68As, round bullet signs were installed. The W also appeared on the digital signs of the R44s and R46s with any route and destination combination that could be used for the Broadway Line.[12]

The W label was first used in 2001, when the two tracks on the Manhattan Bridge's northern side, which connected to the IND Sixth Avenue Line, were closed for repairs. This required the suspension of Sixth Avenue B service south of 34th Street–Herald Square as it used those tracks to travel to and from Brooklyn.[13] The W service replaced the B on the BMT West End Line and BMT Fourth Avenue Line in Brooklyn, ran on the BMT Broadway Line in Manhattan and BMT Astoria Line in Queens. It replicated the route of the Brooklyn-Manhattan Transit Corporation (BMT)'s old 3 route, later named the T, that operated from 1916 until 1967, when the B replaced it. The W also replicated the split in B service from 1986 to 1988, when the bridge's north tracks were first closed, although both halves of the route were labeled B.[14][15][16]

2001-2004[edit]

W service began on July 22, 2001, operating between Coney Island and Astoria-Ditmars Boulevard, Queens via the West End Local and Fourth Avenue Express in Brooklyn; the Manhattan Bridge south tracks; Broadway Express (switching to the local tracks to serve 49th Street) in Manhattan; and the 60th Street Tunnel and BMT Astoria Line in Queens. The W ran express on the Astoria Line during rush hours in the peak direction until 9:30 PM, and local at all other times.[17] Evening service terminated at 57th Street–Seventh Avenue in Manhattan (using the express tracks and bypassing 49th Street), while late night and weekend evening service operated as a shuttle within Brooklyn only, terminating at 36th Street during late nights and Atlantic Avenue–Pacific Street on weekends.[18]

After September 11, 2001, all Broadway Line service in Lower Manhattan was suspended due to extensive damage caused by the Collapse of the World Trade Center. As a result, the entire N route was suspended, and W trains ran at all times between Ditmars Boulevard and Coney Island. It made all stops except in Brooklyn north of 36th Street. During late nights, it ran in two sections: between Ditmars Boulevard and 34th Street, skipping 49th Street in the northbound direction, and in Brooklyn between 36th Street and Coney Island. Normal service on both routes resumed on October 28, 2001.[19]

The Astoria express service was discontinued on January 15, 2002. because it was unpopular among Astoria residents. Around that time, evening service was extended from 57th Street to Astoria.[20]

On September 8, 2002, W service was extended to Astoria during late nights and weekends, running fully local via the Fourth Avenue and Broadway Lines and Montague Street Tunnel. This was because ongoing reconstruction of the Coney Island–Stillwell Avenue terminal left the W as the only train serving it.[12][21][22] This change also gave the West End Line late-night service to Manhattan for the first time.

2004-2010[edit]

When the Manhattan Bridge's north tracks were restored to service on February 22, 2004, the W was curtailed to its current service pattern, running weekdays only from 7:00 a.m. to 9:30 p.m. (7:00 to 21:30) as an entirely local service between Astoria–Ditmars Boulevard and Whitehall Street–South Ferry, Lower Manhattan. The Brooklyn portion was replaced by the D, which was extended over the north side of the bridge and down the West End Line.[12][23][24][25][26][27] W service between Manhattan and Queens remained, because of increasing ridership on the BMT Astoria Line.[28] The first three W trains of the day entered service at 86th Street in Gravesend, Brooklyn and the last three trains of the night continued in service to Kings Highway. These trips ran local in Brooklyn via the Montague Street Tunnel, BMT Fourth Avenue and BMT Sea Beach lines.[29] On July 27, 2008, the W was extended to run until 11:00 p.m in response to growth in the subway system's ridership.[30][31][32]

On March 24, 2010, the MTA announced the elimination of the W due to financial shortfalls. In its place, on weekdays, the N train ran local north of Canal Street while the Q train was extended from 57th Street-Seventh Avenue to Astoria-Ditmars Boulevard, running local north of 34th Street-Herald Square. The W ceased operation on Friday, June 25, 2010 with the last train bound for Astoria–Ditmars Boulevard leaving Whitehall Street–South Ferry at 10:50 p.m.[12][33]

2016 restoration[edit]

In July 2015, the MTA announced it was considering restoring the W in its 2004-2010 service pattern once the first phase of the Second Avenue Subway opened, which would reroute the Q from the Astoria Line to 96th Street on Manhattan's Upper East Side. The W would replace the Q on the Astoria Line to maintain two services there weekdays.[34]

On May 23, 2016, the MTA announced it would restore the W.[35] Service was restored on November 7, 2016, running between 7:00 a.m. and 11:00 p.m.[6] The Q was temporarily cut back to 57th Street–Seventh Avenue, allowing for a seamless extension to the Second Avenue Line, which opened on January 1, 2017.[36][8][9][10] Additionally, the N train again ran express in Manhattan on weekdays from 34th Street–Herald Square to Canal Street. The W's restoration meant there would be 20 fewer trips to/from Astoria per weekday as the W ran for a shorter time span each day than the Q did;[37] In June 2018, the MTA added service between 6:00 a.m. and 7:00 a.m., and between 11:00 p.m. and midnight in response to overcrowded N trains during those hours.[38]

As the N and W share the same fleet from the Coney Island Yard, a small number of W trains originate/terminate at 86th Street throughout the day.[39][40] These trains operate via the Montague Street Tunnel and local along the BMT Fourth Avenue Line and BMT Sea Beach Line as they did prior to 2010.

Route[edit]

Service pattern[edit]

The following table shows the lines used by the W, with shaded boxes indicating the route at the specified times:[41]

Line From To Tracks Times
Week­days Rush hours
BMT Astoria Line (full line) Astoria–Ditmars Blvd Queensboro Plaza local    
60th Street Tunnel all
BMT Broadway Line (full line) Lexington Avenue/59th Street Canal Street local
City Hall Whitehall Street–South Ferry all
Montague Street Tunnel all   Limited service
BMT Fourth Avenue Line Court Street Jay Street–MetroTech all
DeKalb Avenue 59th Street/Fourth Avenue local
BMT Sea Beach Line Eighth Avenue 86th Street

Stations[edit]

For a more detailed station listing, see the articles on the lines listed above.

Station service legend
Stops all times Stops all times
Stops all times except late nights Stops all times except late nights
Stops weekdays only Stops weekdays only
Stops rush hours in peak direction only Stops rush hours in the peak direction only
Stops rush hours only Stops rush hours only (limited service not noted on map)
Time period details
Handicapped/disabled access Station is compliant with the Americans with Disabilities Act
Handicapped/disabled access ↑ Station is compliant with the Americans with Disabilities Act
in the indicated direction only
Handicapped/disabled access ↓
Aiga elevator.svg Elevator access to mezzanine only
W service Stations Handicapped/disabled access Subway transfers Connections and notes
Queens
Astoria Line
Stops weekdays only Astoria–Ditmars Boulevard N all times
Stops weekdays only Astoria Boulevard N all times M60 Select Bus Service to LaGuardia Airport
Stops weekdays only 30th Avenue N all times
Station closed Broadway N all times Station is closed for renovations as part of the Enhanced Station Initiative until February 2019.
Stops weekdays only 36th Avenue N all times
Station closed 39th Avenue N all times Station is closed for renovations as part of the Enhanced Station Initiative until February 2019.
Stops weekdays only Queensboro Plaza N all times
7 all times <7> rush hours until 9:30 p.m., peak direction​ (IRT Flushing Line)
Manhattan
Broadway Line
Stops weekdays only Lexington Avenue/59th Street N all timesR all except late nights
4 all times5 all times except late nights6 all times <6> weekdays until 8:45 p.m., peak direction (IRT Lexington Avenue Line)
Roosevelt Island Tramway
Stops weekdays only Fifth Avenue–59th Street N all timesR all except late nights
Stops weekdays only 57th Street–Seventh Avenue Elevator access to mezzanine only N all timesQ all timesR all except late nights
Stops weekdays only 49th Street Handicapped/disabled access ↑ N all timesR all except late nights Station is accessible in the northbound direction only.
Stops weekdays only Times Square–42nd Street Handicapped/disabled access N all timesQ all timesR all except late nights
1 all times2 all times3 all times (IRT Broadway–Seventh Avenue Line)
7 all times <7> rush hours until 9:30 p.m., peak direction​ (IRT Flushing Line)
S all except late nights (42nd Street Shuttle)
A all timesC all except late nightsE all times (IND Eighth Avenue Line at 42nd Street–Port Authority Bus Terminal)
Port Authority Bus Terminal
Stops weekdays only 34th Street–Herald Square Handicapped/disabled access N all timesQ all timesR all except late nights
B weekdays until 11:00 p.m.D all timesF all timesM weekdays until 11:00 p.m. (IND Sixth Avenue Line)
M34 / M34A Select Bus Service
PATH at 33rd Street
Stops weekdays only 28th Street R all except late nights
Stops weekdays only 23rd Street R all except late nights M23 Select Bus Service
Stops weekdays only 14th Street–Union Square Handicapped/disabled access N all timesQ all timesR all except late nights
L all times (BMT Canarsie Line)
4 all times5 all times except late nights6 all times <6> weekdays until 8:45 p.m., peak direction (IRT Lexington Avenue Line)
Stops weekdays only Eighth Street–New York University R all except late nights
Stops weekdays only Prince Street R all except late nights
Stops weekdays only Canal Street Elevator access to mezzanine only N all timesQ all timesR all except late nights
6 all times <6> weekdays until 8:45 p.m., peak direction (IRT Lexington Avenue Line)
J all timesZ rush hours, peak direction (BMT Nassau Street Line)
Some northbound rush hour trips begin at this station.
Stops weekdays only City Hall R all except late nights
Stops weekdays only Cortlandt Street Handicapped/disabled access R all except late nights
2 all times3 all except late nights (IRT Broadway–Seventh Avenue Line at Park Place)
A all timesC all except late nights (IND Eighth Avenue Line at Chambers Street)
E all times (IND Eighth Avenue Line at World Trade Center)
PATH at World Trade Center
Stops weekdays only Rector Street R all except late nights
Stops weekdays only Whitehall Street–South Ferry Elevator access to mezzanine only R all times
1 all times (IRT Broadway–Seventh Avenue Line)
M15 Select Bus Service
Staten Island Ferry at Whitehall Terminal
Brooklyn
Montague Street Branch (Limited rush hour service only to/from Gravesend-86th Street)
Stops rush hours only (limited service) Court Street Elevator access to mezzanine only R all times
2 all times3 all except late nights (IRT Broadway–Seventh Avenue Line) at Borough Hall
4 all times5 weekdays only (IRT Eastern Parkway Line) at Borough Hall
Stops rush hours only (limited service) Jay Street–MetroTech Handicapped/disabled access R all times
A all timesC all except late nights F all times (IND Fulton Street and Culver Lines)
Stops rush hours only (limited service) DeKalb Avenue Handicapped/disabled access B weekdays until 11:00 p.m.Q all timesR all except late nights
Fourth Avenue Line
Stops rush hours only (limited service) Atlantic Avenue–Barclays Center Handicapped/disabled access D all times N all timesR all times
B weekdays until 11:00 p.m.Q all times (BMT Brighton Line)
2 all times3 all except late nights4 all times5 weekdays only (IRT Eastern Parkway Line)
LIRR Atlantic Branch at Atlantic Terminal
Stops rush hours only (limited service) Union Street R all times
Stops rush hours only (limited service) Ninth Street R all times
F all timesG all times (IND Culver Line at Fourth Avenue)
Stops rush hours only (limited service) Prospect Avenue R all times
Stops rush hours only (limited service) 25th Street R all times
Stops rush hours only (limited service) 36th Street D all times N all timesR all times
Stops rush hours only (limited service) 45th Street N all timesR all times
Stops rush hours only (limited service) 53rd Street N all timesR all times
Stops rush hours only (limited service) 59th Street/Fourth Avenue N all timesR all times
Sea Beach Line
Stops rush hours only (limited service) Eighth Avenue N all times
Stops rush hours only (limited service) Fort Hamilton Parkway N all times Bay Parkway–bound trains do not stop here due to renovations until Fall 2018.
Stops rush hours only (limited service) New Utrecht Avenue N all times
D all times (BMT West End Line at 62nd Street)
Bay Parkway–bound trains do not stop here due to renovations until Fall 2018.
Stops rush hours only (limited service) 18th Avenue N all times Bay Parkway–bound trains do not stop here due to renovations until Fall 2018.
Stops rush hours only (limited service) 20th Avenue N all times Bay Parkway–bound trains do not stop here due to renovations until Fall 2018.
Stops rush hours only (limited service) Bay Parkway N all times Bay Parkway–bound trains terminate here due to renovations until Fall 2018.
Stops rush hours only (limited service) Kings Highway N all times Served only by northbound trains due to renovations until Fall 2018.
Stops rush hours only (limited service) Avenue U N all times Served only by northbound trains due to renovations until Fall 2018.
Stops rush hours only (limited service) 86th Street N all times Served only by northbound trains due to renovations until Fall 2018.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Korman, Joe (January 12, 2018). "BMT-IND Car Assignments". JoeKorNer. 
  2. ^ "W Subway Timetable, Effective June 24, 2018" (PDF). Metropolitan Transportation Authority. Retrieved June 24, 2018. 
  3. ^ Grynbaum, Michael M. (May 10, 2010). "Take the Tomato 2 Stops to the Sunflower". New York Times. Retrieved October 30, 2016. 
  4. ^ Spivack, Caroline (January 10, 2017). "W-w-what!? W trains mysteriously appearing in Brooklyn". Brooklyn Paper. Retrieved April 18, 2017. 
  5. ^ "BMT-IND Car Assignments - Nov 6, 2016". www.thejoekorner.com. Retrieved November 6, 2016. 
  6. ^ a b c "GENERAL DISTRIBUTION - SUB-DIVISION B - TRAIN OPERATOR/CONDUCTOR - ROAD & NON-ROAD WORK PROGRAMS" (PDF). New York City Transit Authority. July 29, 2016. Retrieved August 19, 2016. 
  7. ^ "1979 Subway Map Service Guide". railfanwindow.com. New York City Transit Authority. 1979. Retrieved November 8, 2016. 
  8. ^ a b * "MTA | Press Release | NYC Transit | MTA Advances Work On Second Avenue Subway Service". www.mta.info. Metropolitan Transportation Authority. Retrieved February 19, 2016. 
  9. ^ a b Kabak, Benjamin. "Ahead of 2nd Ave. Subway opening, MTA officially set to restore W service to Astoria". Second Ave. Sagas. Retrieved February 19, 2016. 
  10. ^ a b Martinez, Jose (February 19, 2016). "MTA Confirms W Train is Coming Back". TWC News NY1. Retrieved February 19, 2016. 
  11. ^ Lam, Katherine (October 23, 2016). "MTA flyers spotted for W train's return in November". PIX11. Retrieved October 24, 2016. 
  12. ^ a b c d Bolden, Eric. "NYCT Line by Line History". erictb.info. Retrieved October 29, 2016. 
  13. ^ "New Subway Routes Take Effect Today". New York Times. July 22, 2001. Retrieved February 21, 2016. 
  14. ^ "If You Ride These Subway Lines, You Know Something Drastic Has To Be Done". TheJoeKorNer.com. New York City Transit Authority. 1986. Retrieved October 30, 2016. 
  15. ^ "System-Wide Changes In Subway Service Effective Sunday, December 11, 1988". Flickr. New York City Transit Authority. 1988. Retrieved October 30, 2016. 
  16. ^ Johnson, Kirk (December 9, 1988). "Big Changes For Subways Are to Begin". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved October 30, 2016. 
  17. ^ "NYC Transit Subway Schedules". mta.info. Metropolitan Transportation Authority. November 11, 2001. Archived from the original on November 11, 2001. Retrieved February 21, 2016. 
  18. ^ "Manhattan Bridge Service Changes B D Q Q W July 22, 2001 until 2004". Thejoekorner.com. New York City Transit. 2001. Retrieved October 29, 2016. 
  19. ^ Korman, Joseph D. "Subway Line Names World Trade Center Terror - 9-11-2001". www.thejoekorner.com. Retrieved October 23, 2016. 
  20. ^ "W Line Service Information". mta.info. Metropolitan Transportation Authority. July 28, 2002. Archived from the original on July 28, 2002. Retrieved October 29, 2016. 
  21. ^ "F N W Q Q Changes Sun, Sept 8, 2002 to Spring 2004 Reconstruction of Stillwell Avenue Terminal changes service in Brooklyn, Manhattan and Queens". The Subway Nut. New York City Transit. July 2002. Retrieved August 5, 2010. 
  22. ^ "W Train Timetable" (PDF). mta.info. New York City Transit. Fall 2003. Archived from the original on December 4, 2003. Retrieved October 29, 2016. 
  23. ^ "February 2004 Subway Map" (PDF). mta.info. Metropolitan Transportation Authority. February 2004. Archived from the original on March 26, 2004. Retrieved November 8, 2016. 
  24. ^ "More Service on the Manhattan Bridge B D M N Q R W New Subway Service! February 22, 2004". The JoeKorNer. New York City Transit. 2003. Retrieved August 5, 2010. 
  25. ^ "B D M N Q R W Weekday Service Manhattan Bridge Map" (PDF). mta.info. Metropolitan Transportation Authority. February 2004. Archived from the original on February 5, 2004. Retrieved September 18, 2016. 
  26. ^ "MTA NYC Transit Manhattan Bridge Information". mta.info. Metropolitan Transportation Authority. February 5, 2004. Archived from the original on February 5, 2004. Retrieved September 18, 2016. 
  27. ^ "Expanded Subway Service Starts Sunday Four-Track Manhattan Bridge Service Returns Bringing Route Changes, Increased Service". mta.info. Metropolitan Transportation Authority. February 20, 2004. Archived from the original on April 14, 2004. Retrieved November 8, 2016. 
  28. ^ "A Subway Map Remade, in Hopes of Matching Routes and Riders". The New York Times. February 20, 2004. Retrieved June 9, 2014. 
  29. ^ A search using the MTA's trip planner using "Whitehall Street" and "Kings Highway" as stations and setting the time to the appropriate hour (6:00 am into Manhattan; 9:00pm out of Manhattan) turned out results that showed the W as a possible travel option. Clicking the departure time also showed two additional times.
  30. ^ "W Train Timetable" (PDF). mta.info. New York City Transit. November 25, 2009. Archived from the original on June 2, 2010. Retrieved October 29, 2016. 
  31. ^ Compare:
    • "New York City Subway Map" (PDF). mta.info. Metropolitan Transportation Authority. April 2008. Archived from the original on September 13, 2008. Retrieved October 29, 2016.  (W service ends at 9 PM)
    • (W service ends at 11 PM)
  32. ^ "MTA | Press Release | NYC Transit | Service Adjustments on BMW Lines". www.mta.info. Metropolitan Transportation Authority. July 24, 2008. Retrieved October 30, 2016. 
  33. ^ "MTA | Press Release | NYC Transit | Major Subway Changes Set for Monday". www.mta.info. Metropolitan Transportation Authority. June 24, 2010. Retrieved October 20, 2016. 
  34. ^ "MTA considers bringing back W train from Astoria to lower Manhattan". amNewYork. July 12, 2015. Retrieved July 15, 2015. 
  35. ^ Venugopal, Nikhita (May 25, 2016). "W Train's Return Is Now Official With Approval From MTA Board". DNAinfo New York. Archived from the original on August 5, 2016. Retrieved May 26, 2016. 
  36. ^ Slotnik, Daniel E.; Wolfe, Jonathan; Fitzsimmons, Emma G.; Palmer, Emily; Remnick, Noah (January 1, 2017). "Opening of Second Avenue Subway: Updates". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved January 1, 2017. 
  37. ^ Evelly, Jeanmarie. "W Train Rollout Will Mean Fewer Trains Per Day in Astoria, MTA Says". DNAInfo. Archived from the original on November 6, 2016. Retrieved November 5, 2016. 
  38. ^ Murray, Christian. "MTA to Increase Weekend Service on 7 train Starting June 2018 to Meet Increased Demand". Sunnyside Post. Retrieved July 14, 2018. 
  39. ^ "W Line Returns to Queens". mta.info. Retrieved November 12, 2016. 
  40. ^ Spivack, Caroline (January 10, 2017). "W-w-what!? W trains mysteriously appearing in Brooklyn". Brooklyn Daily. Retrieved January 17, 2017. 
  41. ^ "Subway Service Guide" (PDF). Metropolitan Transportation Authority. June 25, 2017. Retrieved July 1, 2017. 

External links[edit]