Not to be confused with New Bedford, MassachusettsBedford is a town in Middlesex County, United States. It is within the Greater Boston area, 15 miles north-west of the city of Boston; the population of Bedford was 13,320 at the 2010 census. The following compilation comes from Ellen Abrams based on information from Abram English Brown's History of the Town of Bedford, as well as other sources such as The Bedford Sampler Bicentennial Edition containing Daisy Pickman Oakley's articles, Bedford Vital Records, New England Historical and Genealogical Register, Town Directories, other publications from the Bedford Historical Society; the land now within the boundaries of Bedford was first settled by Europeans around 1640. In 1729 it was incorporated from a portion of Billerica. In 1630 came the arrival of John Winthrop and Thomas Dudley of the Massachusetts Bay Company. Aboard the Arabella from Yarmouth, England and Dudley sailed, after a difficult ten-week voyage, they landed on the shores of the New World, with Salem and Boston Harbor being the Arabella's earliest destinations.
In 1637, the General Court of Massachusetts granted some 2,200 acres of land, including Huckins Farm land to the first governor, John Winthrop, to Deputy Governor Thomas Dudley. The following year, the two men agreed to divide the land so that the parcel south of the two large boulders by the Concord River belonged to Governor Winthrop and north of the Rocks was to belong to Deputy Governor Dudley. Dudley became governor. Dudley's son Rev. Samuel Dudley and Winthrop's daughter Mary were married. Governor Winthrop's grandson, Fitz John Winthrop, in 1664, sold 1,200 acres of this land to Job Lane, a skilled artisan and house builder, in exchange for a house that Lane built for him in Connecticut. Upon his death, he passed all of this land to his son, John Lane, who left it to his three sons, John Lane, Job Lane, James Lane. John Lane and his wife, lived on the site, after she died, he married Hannah Abbott. Upon his death in 1763, their son, Samuel Lane, inherited the land now known as Huckins Farm.
Some time after Samuel Lane died in 1802, the house was removed and Peter Farmer built the present farmhouse in the 1840s. It is known that Dorcas Farmer had two children in the late 1820s and 1830s. Banfield succeeded Farmer as the owner. Samuel W. Huckins, born in 1817, settled on the land about 1870. Huckins was honored with various offices in town. Maps circa 1875 indicate. Samuel Huckins lived there until his death in 1892, he had a son, born in 1849, was living in Bedford in 1910. In the late 19th century, Dudley Leavitt Pickman, descendant of an old Salem merchant family, his wife Ellen fell in love with the land, they bought a substantial parcel. Huckins Farm was a part of this purchase. A direct descendant of both Winthrop and Dudley, Pickman bought the land without knowledge of the Winthrop-Dudley grant, he discovered that he had purchased his ancestors' lands. About 1889, he had the Two Brothers Rocks inscribed with the names "Dudley" and "Winthrop" as well as the year 1638, as noted in the Bedford Town Report in 1889.
The land was used as a dairy farm and apple orchard, in addition to the fields, pasture land, bog garden, ponds. Chestnut trees lined the old road between the fields. A portion of Dudley Road was named Chestnut Avenue around that time. Today's Dudley Road and Winthrop Avenue in Bedford, as well as Pickman Drive, are named for these families. A large portion of the Pickman land, Huckins Farm, was sold to a developer for condominium development in 1987, other parcels including the large Pickman house were sold to private parties. "By the rude bridge that arched the flood, their flag to April's breeze unfurled - here once the embattled farmers stood, fired the shot heard'round the world." - Ralph Waldo Emerson The Bedford flag on display at the Bedford Free Public Library is the oldest known surviving intact battle flag in the United States. It is celebrated for having been the first U. S. flag flown during the American Revolutionary War, as it is believed to have been carried by Nathaniel Page's outfit of Minutemen to the Old North Bridge in Concord for the Battle of Concord on April 19, 1775.
Though the flag had a border of silver tassels, the tassels were cut from it to adorn the dress of Page's daughter. The Latin motto on the flag, "Vince Aut Morire", means "Conquer or Die." When Governor Winthrop and his Deputy Thomas Dudley viewed their lands in early 1638, they decided to use two great stones on the eastern bank of the Concord River to divide the property. Winthrop claimed the land to one side of one rock, they named the rocks "The Two Brothers." Over the years, the two men had many differences. The rocks have come to symbolize the men's spirit of democracy; the Two Brothers Rocks can still be seen near the banks of the Concord River in the Great Meadows National Wildlife Refuge. This site has been restored for an Eagle Scout project by Dennis Warner
Everett is a city in Middlesex County, United States, directly north of Boston, bordering the neighborhood of Charlestown. The population was 41,668 at the time of the 2010 United States Census. Everett was the last city in the United States to have a bicameral legislature, composed of a seven-member Board of Aldermen and an eighteen-member Common Council. On November 8, 2011, the voters approved a new City Charter that will change the City Council to a unicameral body with eleven members – six ward councilors and five councilors-at-large; the new City Council was elected during the 2013 City Election. Everett was part of Charlestown, Malden, it separated from Malden in 1870. In 1892, Everett changed from a town to a city. On December 13, 1892, Alonzo H. Evans defeated George E. Smith to become Everett's first Mayor; the city was named after Edward Everett, who served as U. S. Representative, U. S. Senator, the 15th Governor of Massachusetts, Minister to Great Britain, United States Secretary of State.
He served as President of Harvard University. In 1971, Distrigas of Massachusetts begins importing liquefied natural gas at its Everett Marine Terminal in the Island End section of Everett; this terminal was the first of its kind in the country. Everett's business district is focused on Broadway, with many businesses and restaurants long the route. Everett Square is a small bus-hub with bus routes 104, 109, 110, 112 and 97, all served by MBTA. A bus lane exists on Broadway, from Glendale Square, to Sweetser Circle; the Everett City Hall, Everett Fire Department, Parlin Memorial Library, a few health centers and restaurants are centered around Everett Square on Broadway, Norwood St and Chelsea St. Everett Stadium is near the Square. Route 16 is just south of the Square, allowing quick access to a major highway. Besides Everett Square, Gateway Center just off Route 16 in Everett is a major retail-shopping district, with big stores like Target, The Home Depot and many more; the Encore Boston Harbor Casino in Everett construction is expected to be underway or complete by 2020.
Everett has an increasing population as people are seeking new households near Boston while not having to pay the prices of living in Boston, Cambridge, or Somerville. Everett is bordered by Malden on the north, Revere on the east, Chelsea on the southeast and Medford on the west and the Mystic River on the south at Charlestown. Everett is a major part of the Port of Boston; some of Everett's neighborhoods are Glendale, the Village, the Line. Glendale Park is the city's largest park. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 3.7 square miles, of which 3.4 square miles is land and 0.3 square miles is water. As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 41,667 people, 15,435 households, 9,554 families residing in the city; the population density was 11,241.1 people per square mile. There were 15,908 housing units at an average density of 4,701.3 per square mile. The racial makeup of the city was 53.6% Non-Hispanic Whites, 14.3% African American, 4.8% Asian, 0.4% Pacific Islander, 2% from other races, 3.8% were multiracial.
Hispanic or Latino of any race were 21.1% of the population. The city has a large number of people of Brazilian and Italian descent. There were 15,435 households out of which 27.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 41.8% were married couples living together, 15.2% had a female householder with no husband present, 38.1% were non-families. 31.3% of all households were made up of individuals, 11.8% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.45 and the average family size was 3.11. The population was spread out with 21.6% under the age of 18, 8.9% from 18 to 24, 34.8% from 25 to 44, 19.9% from 45 to 64, 14.7% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females, there were 91 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 87.4 males. The median income for a household in the city was $49,737; the median income for a family is $49,876. Males had a median income of $36,047 versus $30,764 for females; the per capita income for the city was $23,876.
About 9.2% of families and 11.9% of the population were below the poverty line, including 16.9% of those under age 18 and 10.0% of those age 65 or over. In 2010, 33% of the residents of Everett were born outside the United States; this percentage was around 11% in 1990. Everett has a mayor-council form of government; the Everett city council was the last existing bicameral legislature in any American city, consisting of a Board of Aldermen and a Common Council. As of November 8, 2011, it became a unicameral City Council. Board of AldermenThe Board of Aldermen consisted of seven members one from each of the City's six wards and one Alderman-at-Large. All Aldermen were elected citywide for a term of two years. In addition to the duties they shared with the Common Council, the Board of Aldermen was the licensing authority in the City and approved licenses for motor dealers, second-hand dealers, lodging houses, junk dealers, pool tables, open-air parking lots, coin-operated devices, Lord's Day licenses and precious metal dealers.
Common CouncilThe Common Council consisted of three members elected per ward for a total of eighteen members. The Common Council shared equal responsibility for most legislative actions with the exc
Cambridge is a city in Middlesex County and part of the Boston metropolitan area. Situated directly north of Boston, across the Charles River, it was named in honor of the University of Cambridge in England, an important center of the Puritan theology embraced by the town's founders. Harvard University and the Massachusetts Institute of Technology are in Cambridge, as was Radcliffe College, a college for women until it merged with Harvard on October 1, 1999. According to the 2010 Census, the city's population was 105,162; as of July 2014, it was the fifth most populous city in the state, behind Boston, Worcester and Lowell. Cambridge was one of two seats of Middlesex County until the county government was abolished in Massachusetts in 1997. In December 1630, the site of what would become Cambridge was chosen because it was safely upriver from Boston Harbor, making it defensible from attacks by enemy ships. Thomas Dudley, his daughter Anne Bradstreet, her husband Simon were among the town's first settlers.
The first houses were built in the spring of 1631. The settlement was referred to as "the newe towne". Official Massachusetts records show the name rendered as Newe Towne by 1632, as Newtowne by 1638. Located at the first convenient Charles River crossing west of Boston, Newe Towne was one of a number of towns founded by the 700 original Puritan colonists of the Massachusetts Bay Colony under Governor John Winthrop, its first preacher was Thomas Hooker, who led many of its original inhabitants west in 1636 to found Hartford and the Connecticut Colony. The original village site is now within Harvard Square; the marketplace where farmers sold crops from surrounding towns at the edge of a salt marsh remains within a small park at the corner of John F. Kennedy and Winthrop Streets; the town comprised a much larger area than the present city, with various outlying parts becoming independent towns over the years: Cambridge Village in 1688, Cambridge Farms in 1712 or 1713, Little or South Cambridge and Menotomy or West Cambridge in 1807.
In the late 19th century, various schemes for annexing Cambridge to Boston were pursued and rejected. In 1636, the Newe College was founded by the colony to train ministers. According to Cotton Mather, Newe Towne was chosen for the site of the college by the Great and General Court for its proximity to the popular and respected Puritan preacher Thomas Shepard. In May 1638, The settlement's name was changed to Cambridge in honor of the university in Cambridge, England. Newtowne's ministers and Shepard, the college's first president, major benefactor, the first schoolmaster Nathaniel Eaton were Cambridge alumni, as was the colony's governor John Winthrop. In 1629, Winthrop had led the signing of the founding document of the city of Boston, known as the Cambridge Agreement, after the university. In 1650, Governor Thomas Dudley signed the charter creating the corporation that still governs Harvard College. Cambridge grew as an agricultural village eight miles by road from Boston, the colony's capital.
By the American Revolution, most residents lived near the Common and Harvard College, with most of the town comprising farms and estates. Most inhabitants were descendants of the original Puritan colonists, but there was a small elite of Anglican "worthies" who were not involved in village life, made their livings from estates and trade, lived in mansions along "the Road to Watertown". Coming north from Virginia, George Washington took command of the volunteer American soldiers camped on Cambridge Common on July 3, 1775, now reckoned the birthplace of the U. S. Army. Most of the Tory estates were confiscated after the Revolution. On January 24, 1776, Henry Knox arrived with artillery captured from Fort Ticonderoga, which enabled Washington to drive the British army out of Boston. Between 1790 and 1840, Cambridge grew with the construction of the West Boston Bridge in 1792 connecting Cambridge directly to Boston, so that it was no longer necessary to travel eight miles through the Boston Neck and Brookline to cross the Charles River.
A second bridge, the Canal Bridge, opened in 1809 alongside the new Middlesex Canal. The new bridges and roads made what were estates and marshland into prime industrial and residential districts. In the mid-19th century, Cambridge was the center of a literary revolution, it was home to some of the famous Fireside Poets—so called because their poems would be read aloud by families in front of their evening fires. The Fireside Poets—Henry Wadsworth Longfellow, James Russell Lowell, Oliver Wendell Holmes—were popular and influential in their day. Soon after, turnpikes were built: the Cambridge and Concord Turnpike, the Middlesex Turnpike, what are today's Cambridge and Harvard Streets connected various areas of Cambridge to the bridges. In addition, the town was connected to the Boston & Maine Railroad, leading to the development of Porter Square as well as the creation of neighboring Somerville from the rural parts of Charlestown. Cambridge was incorporated as a city in 1846 despite persistent tensions between East Cambridge and Old Cambridge stemming from differences in culture, sources of income, the national origins of the resident
Robert Alan Morse is an American actor and singer, best known as the star of both the 1961 original Broadway production and 1967 film adaptation of How to Succeed in Business Without Really Trying, as Bertram Cooper, from 2007 to 2015, in the AMC dramatic series Mad Men. Morse was born on May 18, 1931 in Newton, the second child of Charles Morse and Mary Silver, he attended a number of different schools until finding his inspiration in Henry Lasker, a drama teacher at Newton High School. "He knew what I had burning in me and wanted to express." Upon graduation, he left home for New York City to fulfill his ambition of becoming an actor, joining his elder brother Richard, studying acting at the prestigious Neighborhood Playhouse. In quick succession, he received a role in The Proud and Profane, a film starring William Holden and Deborah Kerr. Soon thereafter, he was cast as Barnaby Tucker in the original Broadway production of Thornton Wilder's The Matchmaker, launching his career. Morse has earned multiple nominations and wins for Tony, Drama Desk and Emmy awards over a period of five decades.
He is well known for his appearances in musicals and plays on Broadway, as well as roles in movies and television shows. Best known for his role as young 1960s New York City businessman J. Pierrepont Finch in the 1961 Broadway production and 1967 film version of the Frank Loesser and Abe Burrows musical, How to Succeed in Business Without Really Trying, Morse gained new prominence in the late 2000s for his recurring role of elder 1960s New York City businessman Bertram Cooper on the AMC television show Mad Men. Having played Barnaby on Broadway, Morse reprised the role in the 1958 film adaptation of The Matchmaker, this time opposite Shirley Booth; that same year, he won the Theatre World Award and was nominated for the Tony Award for Best Performance by a Featured Actor in a Play for Say, Darling. What was considered the final step toward full stardom was his performance as J. Pierrepont Finch in the Pulitzer Prize-winning How to Succeed in Business Without Really Trying, it won him the Tony Award for Best Performance by a Leading Actor in a Musical in 1962.
He starred in the 1967 movie version. In 1964, Morse co-starred in the comedy film Quick. In 1965, Morse appeared in the black comedy film The Loved One, a movie based on the Evelyn Waugh novel of the same name which satirized the funeral business in Los Angeles, in particular the Forest Lawn Cemetery. In 1967, he co-starred in Gene Kelly's A Guide opposite Walter Matthau. In 1968, he appeared in the comedy Where Were You When the Lights Went Out? Opposite Doris Day. In the same year, he appeared in the 1968 television series That's Life, which attempted to blend the musical genre with a situation comedy centered on newlyweds "Robert" and "Gloria". In 1968, he guest-starred on the Smothers Brothers Comedy Hour. In 1987, Morse appeared in the movie The Emperor's New Clothes, which starred Sid Caesar and was part of the Cannon Movie Tales series. Morse was in the original Broadway cast of Sugar, a 1972 musical stage adaptation of Some Like It Hot, for which he was nominated for another Tony, he won a Tony for Best Performance by a Leading Actor in a Play and the Drama Desk Award for Outstanding One-Person Show for his portrayal of Truman Capote in Tru.
In 1992, he recreated his performance for the PBS series American Playhouse and won the Emmy Award as Best Actor in a Miniseries or Special. In 1999, Morse was inducted into the American Theater Hall of Fame for his long career as a stage actor. In 2002, Morse was cast in the role of the Wizard of Oz in the San Francisco run of the musical Wicked, but quit the show before it opened on Broadway, he was replaced by Joel Grey. Morse joined other performers, including Marlo Thomas, in creating the 1972 Free to Be... You and Me children's album, he provided the voice for the cartoon character Howler in Hanna Barbera's Pound Puppies. Another famous role he played was Jack in the 1979 animated Rankin/Bass special Jack Frost. In The First Easter Rabbit by Rankin/Bass, he was the voice of the main character, Stuffy. Morse has appeared in dozens of TV shows going back to the live days of television with the Kraft Theatre and General Electric Theatre, he appeared in five episodes of the CBS Radio Mystery Theater from 1974 to 1976.
Beginning in 2007, Morse took on a recurring role in the critically acclaimed AMC dramatic series Mad Men as Bertram Cooper, a founding partner in the advertising agency Sterling Cooper, for which role he was nominated for a Primetime Emmy Award for Outstanding Guest Actor in a Drama Series in 2008, 2010, 2011, 2013, 2014. Morse was cast as journalist Dominick Dunne in the critically acclaimed limited series, The People v. O. J. Simpson on FX. At the age of 85, Morse returned to Broadway in the revival of The Front Page with Nathan Lane, John Slattery, John Goodman, Holland Taylor at the Broadhurst Theatre. Morse has five children. Robert Morse at the Internet Broadway Database Robert Morse on IMDb
Carlisle is a town located in Middlesex County, United States - northwest of Boston. As of the 2010 U. S. Census, the town had a population of 4,852. English colonialists first settled the area composing the town of Carlisle in 1651 on parcels of land of the neighboring towns of Acton, Billerica and Concord. Carlisle became a district of Concord in 1780 and was incorporated as a town by an act of the legislature in 1805. Carlisle contains a library, a country store, a book store, a dentist's office, an automated teller machine and many residential buildings. There are two ice-cream stores: one of the four branches of Kimball Farms, Great Brook Farm State Park, home to the first robotic milking system in Massachusetts and serves ice-cream made from the farm's milk. Great Brook Farm is the site of one of the premiere cross-country ski touring centers in New England. On the east end of town there is an auto body shop and the former Blue Jay Recording Studio, where artists such as the Platters, Aimee Mann, Amy Grant, Alice Cooper, John Williams and the Boston Pops, Buckwheat Zydeco, Billy Joel, Lauryn Hill, Roy Orbison, k. d. lang, Pat Metheny, Yo Yo Ma, Carly Simon, the Pussycat Dolls and Lady Gaga have recorded.
The town newspaper, the Carlisle Mosquito, has appeared as the weekly independent newspaper of the town since 1972. It is a non-profit publication distributed free to all town residents; the paper includes local news and logs. The Gleason Public Library is one of the 36 libraries in the Merrimack Valley Library Consortium. Gleason Public Library contains a seismograph. Cultural organizations include the Carlisle Chamber Orchestra, the Carlisle Community Chorus, the Savoyard Light Opera Company. Carlisle Old Home Day has been held for over 100 years on the weekend prior to the Fourth of July as a free public event with family-friendly games and activities. Carlisle is located about 8 miles south-southwest 19 miles northwest of Boston, it borders the towns of Concord, Westford, Chelmsford and Bedford. According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 15.5 square miles, of which 15.4 square miles is land and 0.2 square miles is water. Conservation land makes up about a quarter of the town's area.
Besides town-owned land overseen by the town's conservation committee, Carlisle is home to Great Brook Farm State Park and a portion of the Great Meadows National Wildlife Refuge neighboring the Concord River. As of the census of 2000, there were 4,717 people, 1,618 households, 1,372 families residing in the town; the population density was 307.1 people per square mile. There were 1,655 housing units at an average density of 107.7 per square mile. The racial makeup of the town was 93.47% White, 0.17% African American, 0.06% Native American, 4.83% Asian, 0.04% Pacific Islander, 0.13% from other races, 1.29% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.19% of the population. There were 1,618 households out of which 46.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 78.6% were married couples living together, 4.7% had a female householder with no husband present, 15.2% were non-families. 11.4% of all households were made up of individuals and 4.9% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older.
The average household size was 2.92 and the average family size was 3.18. In the town, the population was spread out with 30.6% under the age of 18, 3.4% from 18 to 24, 23.3% from 25 to 44, 34.3% from 45 to 64, 8.4% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 42 years. For every 100 females, there were 98.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 96.4 males. The median income for a household in the town $176,228; the per capita income for the town was $87,470. The town is ranked as having the third highest income per capita in Massachusetts, behind Weston and Dover. Carlisle maintains a 2-acre zoning law on new development. Norm Abram, television personalityE. M. Swift, sports writerMike Toth, founder and CEO of Toth + Co.. Clairo and recording artist Town of Carlisle official website Carlisle.org, volunteer-run community website The Carlisle Mosquito, town newspaper Carlisle Conservation Foundation History of Middlesex County, compiled by Samuel Adams Drake, published 1879.
Volume 1, page 359 Carlisle by B. F. Heald
Burlington is a town in Middlesex County, United States. The population was 24,498 at the 2010 census.. It is believed that Burlington takes its name from the English town of Bridlington, but this has never been confirmed, it was first settled in 1641, was incorporated on February 28, 1799. The town is sited on the watersheds of the Ipswich and Shawsheen rivers. In colonial times up through the late 19th century, there was industry in the mills along Vine Brook, which runs from Lexington to Bedford and empties into the Shawsheen River. Burlington is now a suburban industrial town at the junction of the Boston-Merrimack corridor, but for most of its history it was entirely agricultural, selling hops and rye to Boston and supplementing that income with small shoe-making shops. Early railroad expansion passed the town by, limiting its early development, Burlington continued to cure hams for the Boston market and produce milk and vegetables; this picture changed however, as soon as Route 128 was built.
The highway kicked off an enormous expansion, between 1955 and 1965 Burlington was the fastest growing town in the state. In one five-year period, its population tripled as residential and commercial retail development exploded creating the town's present character, it is a residential and professional hub. Located in the Greater Boston Area of eastern Massachusetts, Burlington is bordered by Bedford on the west, Billerica on the north, Wilmington on the northeast, Woburn on the southeast, Lexington on the south. Burlington is 12 miles south of Lowell, 12 miles northwest of Boston, 36 miles southeast of Fitchburg, 224 miles from New York City, its highest point is Greenleaf Mountain, lowest point is the Great Meadow 150 feet above sea level. The elevation at Town Hall is 220 feet above sea level; the largest body of water is the 500-million-US-gallon Mill Pond Reservoir in the eastern part of the town. According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 11.9 square miles, of which 11.8 square miles is land and 0.1 square miles, or 0.59%, is water.
There are different area codes in Burlington: 781, 617 and 339. As of the census of 2010, there were 24,498 people, 9,668 households, 6,374 families residing in the town; the population density was 1,936.4 people per square mile. There were 8,445 housing units at an average density of 2,087.7 per square mile. The racial makeup of the town was 79.2% White, 3.3% Black or African American, 0.1% Native American, 13.4% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.32% from other races, 0.86% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.4% of the population. There were 8,289 households out of which 32.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 65.2% were married couples living together, 9.1% had a female householder with no husband present, 23.1% were non-families. 19.1% of all households were made up of individuals and 7.7% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.76 and the average family size was 3.18. In the town, the population was spread out with 23.6% under the age of 18, 6.3% from 18 to 24, 31.1% from 25 to 44, 25.2% from 45 to 64, 13.9% who were 65 years of age or older.
The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females, there were 97.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 93.7 males. In 2014, the median household income of the town stood at $95,465; the per capita income was 4.7 % of the population lived below the poverty line. According to an earlier estimate from 2007, the median income for a household in the town was $86,052, the median income for a family was $99,123. Males had a median income of $55,635 versus $36,486 for females. About 1.3% of families and 1.9% of the population were below the poverty line, including 2.8% of those under age 18 and 1.8% of those age 65 or over. As of 2014, 19.5% of the residents of Burlington were born outside of the United States. The Burlington Town Common and Simonds Park are in the center of town and there are multiple parks and public recreation facilities throughout town which have basketball courts, tennis courts, baseball fields, soccer fields, gymnasia, an indoor skating rink and a skatepark.
The Burlington Public Library is on Sears Street adjoining the Town Common. The Burlington Historical Museum is located on Bedford Street at the intersection of Cambridge Street; the Meeting House of the Second Parish in Woburn is on Lexington Street, just off of the Town Common. The Mill Pond Conservation Area is in the eastern part of town bordering Wilmington; the largest conservation area in Burlington, the Mill Pond Conservation Area includes over 140 acres of rolling and steep terrain. Numerous marked and unmarked trails cross through the conservation area; these trails allow for long enjoyable biking experiences. The land has numerous access points, including the corner of Winter and Chestnut Streets, through a gate at the end of Hansen Avenue, through a gate at the end of the offshoot from Town Line Road; the Mill Pond is located within the Mill Pond Conservation Area. Fishing is allowed with special permit; the pond is feeding one of the two water treatment plants in Burlington. The Mill Pond Water Treatment Plant was upgraded in 2007 and has the capacity to treat up to 6 million US gallons of water per day.
On the pond's island there is a rope swing, an attraction for many lo
Waltham is a city in Middlesex County, United States, was an early center for the labor movement as well as a major contributor to the American Industrial Revolution. The original home of the Boston Manufacturing Company, the city was a prototype for 19th century industrial city planning, spawning what became known as the Waltham-Lowell system of labor and production; the city is now a center for research and higher education, home to Brandeis University and Bentley University. The population was 60,636 at the census in 2010. Waltham is referred to as Watch City because of its association with the watch industry. Waltham Watch Company opened its factory in Waltham in 1854 and was the first company to make watches on an assembly line, it won the gold medal in 1876 at the Philadelphia Centennial Exposition. The company produced over 35 million watches and instruments before it closed in 1957; the name of the city is pronounced with the primary stress on the first syllable and a full vowel in the second syllable, WAWL-tham, though the name of the Waltham watch was pronounced with a reduced schwa in the second syllable:.
As most would pronounce in the British way, "Walthum", when people came to work in the mills from Nova Scotia, the pronunciation evolved. The "local" version became a phonetic sounding to accommodate French speakers who could not pronounce in the British way. Waltham was first settled in 1634 as part of Watertown and was incorporated as a separate town in 1738. Waltham had no recognizable town center until the 1830s, when the nearby Boston Manufacturing Company gave the town the land that now serves as its central square. In the early 19th century, Francis Cabot Lowell and his friends and colleagues established in Waltham the Boston Manufacturing Company – the first integrated textile mill in the United States, with the goal of eliminating the problems of co-ordination, quality control, shipping inherent in the subcontracting based textile industry; the Waltham -- Lowell system of production derives its name from the founder of the mill. The city is home to a number of large estates, including Gore Place, a mansion built in 1806 for former Massachusetts governor Christopher Gore, the Robert Treat Paine Estate, a residence designed by architect Henry Hobson Richardson and landscape architect Frederick Law Olmsted for philanthropist Robert Treat Paine, Jr. and the Lyman Estate, a 400-acre estate built in 1793 by Boston merchant Theodore Lyman.
In 1857, the Waltham Model 1857 watch was produced by the American Watch Company in the city of Waltham, Massachusetts. In the late 19th and early 20th century, Waltham was home to the brass era automobile manufacturer Metz, where the first production motorcycle in the U. S. was built. Another first in Waltham industrial history involves the method to mass-produce the magnetron tube, invented by Percy Spencer at Raytheon. During World War II, the magnetron tube technology was applied to radar. Magnetron tubes were used as components in microwave ovens. Waltham was the home of the Walter E. Fernald State School, the western hemisphere's oldest publicly funded institution serving people with developmental disabilities; the storied and controversial history of the institution has long been covered by local and, at times, national media. Waltham is located at 42°22′50″N 71°14′6″W, about 11 miles north-west of downtown Boston, 3 miles north-west of Boston's Brighton neighborhood; the heart of the city is Waltham Common, home to the City Hall and various memorial statues.
The Common is on Main Street, home to several churches, the town library and Post Office. The city contains several dams; the dams were used to power textile mills and other endeavors in the early years of the industrial activity. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 13.6 square miles, of which 12.7 square miles is land and 0.9 square miles is water. Waltham has several neighborhoods or villages, including: It is bordered to the west by Weston and Lincoln, to the south by Newton, to the east by Belmont and Watertown, to the north by Lexington; as of the census in 2000, there were 59,226 people, 23,207 households, 12,462 families in the city. The population density was 4,663.4/mile². There were 23,880 housing units at an average density of 1,880.3 per square mile. The racial makeup of the city was 82.98% White, 4.41% African American, 0.16% Native American, 7.29% Asian, 0.06% Pacific Islander, 3.20% from other races, 1.89% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 8.49% of the population.
There were 23,207 households, of which 20.3% included those under the age of 18, 41.3% were married couples living together, 8.9% were headed by a single mother, 46.3% were non-families. 34.2% of all households were made up of individuals, 10.0% had someone living alone, 65 or older. The average household size was 2.29 and the average family size was 3.01. The age distribution is as follows: 15.5% under 18, 16.8% from 18 to 24, 34.4% from 25 to 44, 20.2% from 45 to 64, 13.1% 65 or older. The median age was 34. For every 100 females, there were 97.2 males. For every 100 females 18 and over, there were 95.6 males. The median income for a household was $54,010, the median income for a family was $64,595; these figures increased to $60,434 and $79,877 according to an estimate in 2007. Males had a median income of $42,324, as opposed to $33,931 for females; the per capita income was $26,364. 7% of the population and 3.6% of families lived below the poverty line. 4.8% of those under 18 and 8.4% of those 65 and