Wabasha County, Minnesota

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Wabasha County
Old Wabasha City Hall in Wabasha, Minnesota.
Old Wabasha City Hall in Wabasha, Minnesota.
Map of Minnesota highlighting Wabasha County
Location within the U.S. state of Minnesota
Map of the United States highlighting Minnesota
Minnesota's location within the U.S.
Coordinates: 44°17′N 92°14′W / 44.28°N 92.24°W / 44.28; -92.24
Country United States
State Minnesota
FoundedOctober 27, 1849
Named forWabasha (city)
SeatWabasha
Largest cityLake City
Area
 • Total550 sq mi (1,400 km2)
 • Land523 sq mi (1,350 km2)
 • Water27 sq mi (70 km2)  4.8%%
Population
 • Estimate 
(2018)
21,645
 • Density41.3/sq mi (15.9/km2)
Time zoneUTC−6 (Central)
 • Summer (DST)UTC−5 (CDT)
Congressional district2nd
Websitewww.co.wabasha.mn.us

Wabasha County is a county in the U.S. state of Minnesota. As of the 2010 United States Census, the population was 21,676,[1] its county seat is Wabasha.[2]

Wabasha County is part of the Rochester Metropolitan Statistical Area.

History[edit]

The recently organized Minnesota Territory legislature created Wabasha County on October 27, 1849, one of nine original counties in the territory. An area on the Mississippi River's west bank, originally called Cratte's Landing, had grown into a town named Wabasha, then a city, and when the legislature created the county west of the river around this city, Wabasha was designated the county seat; the city had been named for three successive chiefs of Mississippi bands of Dakota Indians.[3]

Wabasha County's area was reduced in 1853 when sections were partitioned off to create Fillmore, Goodhue, and Rice counties. More area was partitioned off in 1854 to create Winona County, and another part in 1855 to create Olmsted County; the county boundaries have remained the same since 1855.

Geography[edit]

Soils of Carley State Park area
Soils of Wabasha County[4]

Wabasha County lies on Minnesota's border with Wisconsin (across the Mississippi River; the Mississippi flows southeast along the county's eastern line. The North Fork of the Whitewater River flows east through the southern part of the county, then discharges into the Whitewater in Olmsted County; the combined Whitewater then enters the southeastern part of Wabasha County, flowing northeast to its discharge point into the Mississippi. The Zumbro River flows east-northeast through the county to its discharge point into the Mississippi. East Indian Creek and Miller Creek drain the northern part of the county into the Mississippi; the county terrain consists of low rolling hills, considerably rutted by drainages, with all available area devoted to agriculture.[5] The terrain slopes to the east and south, with its highest point on its upper west border at 1,191' (363m) ASL;[6] the county has a total area of 550 square miles (1,400 km2), of which 523 square miles (1,350 km2) is land and 27 square miles (70 km2) (4.8%) is water.[7] Wabasha is one of 17 Minnesota counties with more savanna soils than either forest or prairie soils.

Major highways[edit]

Adjacent counties[edit]

Protected areas[5][edit]

  • Carley State Park
  • Kellogg-Weaver Dunes Scientific and Natural Area
  • Mazeppa State Wildlife Management Area
  • McCarthy Lake State Wildlife Management Area
  • Zumbro Falls Woods Scientific and Natural Area

Lakes[5][edit]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1850243
18607,2282,874.5%
187015,850119.3%
188018,20614.9%
189016,972−6.8%
190018,92411.5%
191018,554−2.0%
192017,919−3.4%
193019,6139.5%
194017,653−10.0%
195016,878−4.4%
196017,0070.8%
197017,2241.3%
198019,33512.3%
199019,7442.1%
200021,6109.5%
201021,6760.3%
Est. 201821,645[8]−0.1%
US Decennial Census[9]
1790-1960[10] 1900-1990[11]
1990-2000[12] 2010-2018[1]

2000 census[edit]

Age pyramid of county residents based on 2000 U.S. census data

As of the 2000 United States Census, there were 21,610 people, 8,277 households, and 5,876 families in the county; the population density was 41.3/sqmi (16.0/km²). There were 9,066 housing units at an average density of 17.3/sqmi (6.69/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 97.97% White, 0.25% Black or African American, 0.27% Native American, 0.43% Asian, 0.62% from other races, and 0.45% from two or more races. 1.68% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 53.3% were of German, 11.1% Norwegian, 7.3% Irish and 5.0% American ancestry.

There were 8,277 households out of which 33.80% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 60.80% were married couples living together, 6.50% had a female householder with no husband present, and 29.00% were non-families. 24.30% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.80% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.57 and the average family size was 3.07.

The county population contained 27.10% under the age of 18, 7.20% from 18 to 24, 27.00% from 25 to 44, 23.80% from 45 to 64, and 15.00% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females, there were 100.00 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 97.90 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $42,117, and the median income for a family was $50,480. Males had a median income of $33,053 versus $24,316 for females; the per capita income for the county was $19,664. About 4.10% of families and 6.00% of the population were below the poverty line, including 6.00% of those under age 18 and 9.30% of those age 65 or over.

Communities[edit]

Wabasha County Jail, built 1916.

Cities[edit]

Unincorporated communities[edit]

Townships[edit]

Politics[edit]

Wabasha County voters have traditionally voted Republican. In only two national elections since 1964 has the county selected the Democratic Party candidate (as of 2016).

Presidential election results
Presidential elections results[13]
Year Republican Democratic Third parties
2016 59.1% 6,989 32.7% 3,866 8.3% 977
2012 51.4% 6,049 46.0% 5,415 2.5% 299
2008 49.9% 5,935 47.5% 5,646 2.6% 312
2004 51.7% 6,120 46.9% 5,548 1.4% 167
2000 49.8% 5,245 42.9% 4,522 7.3% 764
1996 36.1% 3,452 47.3% 4,523 16.7% 1,598
1992 33.3% 3,397 36.6% 3,736 30.2% 3,084
1988 50.8% 4,681 48.2% 4,442 1.0% 92
1984 57.3% 5,299 41.9% 3,872 0.8% 76
1980 52.8% 4,986 39.3% 3,712 8.0% 755
1976 49.6% 4,484 47.4% 4,286 3.1% 279
1972 61.3% 5,158 35.9% 3,017 2.8% 238
1968 51.8% 4,081 43.8% 3,452 4.5% 353
1964 41.8% 3,133 58.2% 4,367 0.1% 4
1960 55.7% 4,566 44.3% 3,628 0.0% 3
1956 66.9% 4,728 32.6% 2,301 0.6% 39
1952 69.6% 5,461 30.0% 2,356 0.3% 26
1948 46.4% 3,297 52.5% 3,730 1.1% 75
1944 62.6% 4,213 36.9% 2,482 0.5% 33
1940 68.0% 5,656 31.9% 2,655 0.2% 13
1936 34.6% 2,663 53.6% 4,122 11.9% 912
1932 33.2% 2,319 65.1% 4,540 1.7% 119
1928 55.8% 3,944 43.7% 3,087 0.5% 32
1924 44.9% 2,834 10.2% 644 44.9% 2,829
1920 77.1% 4,907 20.0% 1,275 2.9% 182
1916 53.1% 1,787 43.1% 1,449 3.8% 129
1912 23.3% 797 41.6% 1,422 35.1% 1,198
1908 58.4% 2,150 38.4% 1,416 3.2% 118
1904 66.1% 2,315 30.9% 1,083 2.9% 102
1900 57.7% 2,114 38.4% 1,406 4.0% 145
1896 58.9% 2,530 37.9% 1,630 3.2% 138
1892 43.2% 1,580 48.5% 1,774 8.4% 307

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on September 19, 2013. Retrieved September 1, 2013.
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved June 7, 2011.
  3. ^ Upham, Warren (1920). Minnesota Geographic Names: Their Origin and Historic Significance. Minnesota Historical Society. p. 555.
  4. ^ Nelson, Steven (2011). Savanna Soils of Minnesota. Minnesota: Self. pp. 43-48. ISBN 978-0-615-50320-2
  5. ^ a b c Wabasha County MN Google Maps (accessed 20 April 2019)
  6. ^ "Find an Altitude/Wabasha County MN" Google Maps (accessed 20 April 2019)
  7. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". US Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Archived from the original on October 6, 2014. Retrieved October 25, 2014.
  8. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved May 1, 2019.
  9. ^ "US Decennial Census". US Census Bureau. Retrieved October 25, 2014.
  10. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved October 25, 2014.
  11. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". US Census Bureau. Retrieved October 25, 2014.
  12. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). US Census Bureau. Retrieved October 25, 2014.
  13. ^ Leip, David. "Atlas of US Presidential Elections". uselectionatlas.org. Retrieved 9 April 2018. Italic or bold markup not allowed in: |website= (help)

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 44°17′N 92°14′W / 44.28°N 92.24°W / 44.28; -92.24