Aylesbury Grammar School
Aylesbury Grammar School is a grammar school in Aylesbury situated in the English county of Buckinghamshire, which educates 1,250 pupils. Founded, 1598 in Aylesbury, Buckinghamshire by Sir Henry Lee, Champion of Queen Elizabeth I. Aylesbury Grammar School celebrated 100 years on the current site in Walton Road in 2007, it is referred to by its students and others in the local area by the abbreviation AGS. It developed as a Grammar School in the centre of Aylesbury Old Town adjacent to St. Mary's Church until 1907, when it moved to its present site. For many years the school was independent and its intake was co-educational. In 1952 it became voluntary controlled and in 1959 the girls moved to a separate site to become Aylesbury High School. Links with the girls’ school are retained through joint activities such as school plays, orchestral concerts and theatre visits; the school now has some 1260 boys. As a selective state school, its entry requirements are dictated by the 11-plus; the school takes pupils from outside the catchment area and out of county locations such as Thame and Milton Keynes, based on eleven plus performances.
The school educates boys from the age of 11, in Year 7, through to the age of 18, in Year 13. The school has its largest intakes at Year 7 followed by Year 12. On completing GCSEs, most pupils stay on to complete their A-levels at the school's sixth-form. However, you can get into AGS in year 8, 9, or 10 by doing a late transfer test, but if you do pass the test, you won't get a place because there are so few, most people get places because they have a brother their or are close to the school, distance is a smaller factor for getting in though, it is situated east of the town centre on the southern side of the A41, between Walton and Victoria Park. This site was built and opened in 1907, replacing an earlier building at St. Mary's in the town centre, which now forms part of the Buckinghamshire Museum. In September 1997 the school was awarded specialist school status in Technology, which it kept until Summer 2007, when it was decided that a more academic specialist subject would be more appropriate for AGS and the school gained Science College status as its primary specialism.
In April 2006 AGS gained a second college status as a Language College and gained a second secondary college status in Mathematics and Computing College|Maths and Computing in January 2008. In July 2011 the school became an Academy. Aylesbury Grammar School was founded in 1598 following a bequest from Sir Henry Lee of Ditchley, the Champion of Queen Elizabeth I and its first home was in the church of St. Mary the Virgin, Aylesbury, it moved to the buildings which now house the County Museum until 1907, when it moved to its present site. For many years the school was independent and its intake was co-educational. In 1952 it became voluntary controlled and in 1959 the girls moved to a separate site to become Aylesbury High School. Links with the girls’ school are retained through joint activities such as school concerts, plays and theatre visits. We now have some 1310 boys in the school, of whom 395 are in the Sixth Form….. In 1714 Henry Phillips left a further sum of £5,000. By the terms of the will the sum upon trust was to be applied “for the purchase of lands of inheritance in fee simple in the county of Bucks…….for the enlargement and further provision for the Free School in Aylesbury”.
“There were to be 120 boys admitted, to be taught gratis and to be furnished with books, pens and paper, gratis”. Some £4,000 of the bequest was invested in farm property in the Manor of Broughton. Ten trustees were appointed by the High Court in 1717, they were the first trustees of. By the mid-1880s the inadequacies of the school site were becoming apparent; the old buildings were deteriorating and there were suggestions that fees of £4 to £6 might be charged with provision of scholarships for poorer boys on grounds of merit from public elementary schools of the district. The search for a new site began. A committee was established in the name of Aylesbury Grammar School and support from local charities was sought for the provision of a new site for the school; the charities were approached with a view to making some provision for girls. In 1902 the Balfour Education Act was passed which laid the foundations for the country’s secondary education; the County Council was permitted to raise money for secondary education from local rates and on 2 July 1903 a new scheme under the name of Aylesbury Grammar School came into existence.
In 1904 Lord Rothschild of Tring agreed to sell about eight acres of land adjoining Turnfurlong Lane at £170 an acre to the Foundation Trustees. The purchase price was £1,406/10/00 and in Easter 1907 the school transferred from the old buildings in St Mary’s Square, where it had been since 1611, to its present site; the old buildings were sold in two lots. Lot One was bought by the Architectural and Archaeological Society for the purpose of housing a museum and Lot Two was acquired by St Mary’s Church; the school’s modest investments were sold by the Trustees and Bucks County Council offered a grant of £2000. The cost of the school was to be £6000 and the Headmaster’s House £1,500 with an additional £250 for laying out the frontage and fencing. Lord Rothschild donated shrubs for the front of the school; some 400 people attended the opening ceremony at which Lord Rothschild was presented with a silver key mounted with the Aylesbury Arms. The new school would accommodate 75 girls; the Aylesbury Grammar School Foundation Trustees owned all the property, h
Diocese of Oxford
The Diocese of Oxford is a Church of England diocese that forms part of the Province of Canterbury. The diocese is led by the Bishop of Oxford, the bishop's seat is at Christ Church Cathedral, Oxford, it contains more church buildings than any other diocese and has more paid clergy than any other except London. The Diocese of Oxford was created by letters patent from Henry VIII on 1 September 1542, out of part of the Diocese of Lincoln. Osney Abbey was designated the original cathedral, but in 1545 this was changed to St. Frideswide's which became Christ Church Cathedral. In 1836 the Archdeaconry of Berkshire was transferred from the Diocese of Salisbury to Oxford; this comprises parts of Wiltshire. In 1837 the County of Buckingham was transferred from the Diocese of Lincoln, to become the Archdeaconry of Buckingham, although this annexation did not take effect until 1845. In 2013 and 2014, the Diocese of Oxford discussed and resolved to undertake some pastoral alterations. On 3 March 2014, it was announced that Judy French would become the first Archdeacon of Dorchester from June 2014.
The diocesan Bishop of Oxford is assisted by the area bishops of Dorchester and Reading. The suffragan See of Buckingham was created in 1914, was the suffragan bishop for the whole diocese until 1939 when the See of Dorchester was created; the provincial episcopal visitor is Jonathan Goodall, Bishop suffragan of Ebbsfleet, licensed as an honorary assistant bishop of the diocese in order to facilitate his ministry in the diocese. Several retired bishops resident in or near the diocese are licensed to serve as honorary assistant bishops; as of 27 June 2017: Since 1996: Keith Arnold, retired Bishop suffragan of Warwick, lives in Olney. Since 1999: Peter Nott, retired Bishop of Norwich and Bishop suffragan of Taunton, lives in Westcot. Since 1999: Henry Richmond, retired Bishop suffragan of Repton, lives in Oxford itself. Since 2001: Bill Down, retired Assistant Bishop of Leicester and Bishop of Bermuda, lives in Witney. Since 2004: James Johnson returned to parish ministry in Northants and Essex before retiring to Bodicote.
Since 2010: Anthony Russell, former Bishop of Ely and area Bishop of Dorchester, lives in Holton. Since 2010: Henry Scriven, Mission Director for Latin America and former Assistant Bishop in Pittsburgh and Suffragan Bishop in Europe, lives in Abingdon-on-Thames and is licensed in Chichester and Winchester dioceses. Since 2013: David Jennings, retired former Bishop suffragan of Warrington, lives in Northleach, Gloucestershire and is licensed in Gloucester diocese. Since 2013: John Went, former Bishop suffragan of Tewkesbury, lives in Latimer. George Carey lives in the diocese and was an honorary assistant bishop, but resigned his licence following his implication in the Peter Ball abuse case, Humphrey Southern, former Bishop suffragan of Repton, is the Principal of Ripon College Cuddesdon; the diocese now covers the counties of Berkshire Buckinghamshire Oxfordshire and has three churches in the county of Bedfordshire one church in the traditional county of Middlesex one church in the county of Hampshire Since the creation of an area scheme in 1984, the diocese has been divided into three episcopal areas.
The Bishop of Oxford has authority throughout the diocese, but has primary responsibility for the city and suburbs of Oxford, which form the Archdeaconry of Oxford. City of Oxford & surrounding area current Bishop of Oxford: Steven Croft includes Deaneries of Oxford and Cowley Dorchester Episcopal Area current area Bishop of Dorchester: Colin Fletcher includes Deaneries of Aston & Cuddesdon, Bicester & Islip, Chipping Norton, Henley and Woodstock Buckingham Episcopal Area current area Bishop of Buckingham: Alan Wilson includes Deaneries of Amersham, Buckingham, Burnham & Slough, Milton Keynes, Newport and Wycombe Reading Episcopal Area current area Bishop of Reading: Andrew Proud includes Deaneries of Abingdon, Bradfield, Maidenhead & Windsor, Reading, Vale of White Horse and Wantage *including Cathedral 1situated within the area covered by the Cowley deanery Oliver Almond Oxford Diocesan Guild of Church Bell Ringers Church of England Statistics 2002 Official website Churches in the Diocese of Oxford
Arts Colleges were introduced in 1997 as part of the now defunct Specialist Programme in the United Kingdom. The system enabled secondary schools to specialise in certain fields, in this case, the performing, visual and/or media arts. Schools that applied to the Specialist Schools Trust and became Arts Colleges received extra funding from this joint private sector and government scheme. Arts Colleges acted as a local point of reference for other schools and businesses in the area, with an emphasis on promoting art within the community. Business and Enterprise College Engineering College Humanities College Language College Mathematics & Computing College Music College Science College Sports College Technology College Department for Education and Skills
Church of England
The Church of England is the established church of England. The Archbishop of Canterbury is the most senior cleric, although the monarch is the supreme governor; the Church of England is the mother church of the international Anglican Communion. It traces its history to the Christian church recorded as existing in the Roman province of Britain by the third century, to the 6th-century Gregorian mission to Kent led by Augustine of Canterbury; the English church renounced papal authority when Henry VIII failed to secure an annulment of his marriage to Catherine of Aragon in 1534. The English Reformation accelerated under Edward VI's regents, before a brief restoration of papal authority under Queen Mary I and King Philip; the Act of Supremacy 1558 renewed the breach, the Elizabethan Settlement charted a course enabling the English church to describe itself as both catholic and reformed: catholic in that it views itself as a part of the universal church of Jesus Christ in unbroken continuity with the early apostolic church.
This is expressed in its emphasis on the teachings of the early Church Fathers, as formalised in the Apostles', Athanasian creeds. Reformed in that it has been shaped by some of the doctrinal principles of the 16th-century Protestant Reformation, in particular in the Thirty-Nine Articles of Religion and the Book of Common Prayer. In the earlier phase of the English Reformation there were both Catholic martyrs and radical Protestant martyrs; the phases saw the Penal Laws punish Roman Catholic and nonconforming Protestants. In the 17th century, the Puritan and Presbyterian factions continued to challenge the leadership of the Church which under the Stuarts veered towards a more catholic interpretation of the Elizabethan Settlement under Archbishop Laud and the rise of the concept of Anglicanism as the via media. After the victory of the Parliamentarians the Prayer Book was abolished and the Presbyterian and Independent factions dominated; the Episcopacy was abolished. The Restoration restored the Church of England and the Prayer Book.
Papal recognition of George III in 1766 led to greater religious tolerance. Since the English Reformation, the Church of England has used a liturgy in English; the church contains several doctrinal strands, the main three known as Anglo-Catholic and Broad Church. Tensions between theological conservatives and progressives find expression in debates over the ordination of women and homosexuality; the church includes both liberal and conservative members. The governing structure of the church is based on dioceses, each presided over by a bishop. Within each diocese are local parishes; the General Synod of the Church of England is the legislative body for the church and comprises bishops, other clergy and laity. Its measures must be approved by both Houses of Parliament. According to tradition, Christianity arrived in Britain in the 1st or 2nd century, during which time southern Britain became part of the Roman Empire; the earliest historical evidence of Christianity among the native Britons is found in the writings of such early Christian Fathers as Tertullian and Origen in the first years of the 3rd century.
Three Romano-British bishops, including Restitutus, are known to have been present at the Council of Arles in 314. Others attended the Council of Serdica in 347 and that of Ariminum in 360, a number of references to the church in Roman Britain are found in the writings of 4th century Christian fathers. Britain was the home of Pelagius. While Christianity was long established as the religion of the Britons at the time of the Anglo-Saxon invasion, Christian Britons made little progress in converting the newcomers from their native paganism. In 597, Pope Gregory I sent the prior of the Abbey of St Andrew's from Rome to evangelise the Angles; this event is known as the Gregorian mission and is the date the Church of England marks as the beginning of its formal history. With the help of Christians residing in Kent, Augustine established his church at Canterbury, the capital of the Kingdom of Kent, became the first in the series of Archbishops of Canterbury in 598. A archbishop, the Greek Theodore of Tarsus contributed to the organisation of Christianity in England.
The Church of England has been in continuous existence since the days of St Augustine, with the Archbishop of Canterbury as its episcopal head. Despite the various disruptions of the Reformation and the English Civil War, the Church of England considers itself to be the same church, more formally organised by Augustine. While some Celtic Christian practices were changed at the Synod of Whitby, the Christian in the British Isles was under papal authority from earliest times. Queen Bertha of Kent was among the Christians in England who recognised papal authority before Augustine arrived, Celtic Christians were carrying out missionary work with papal approval long before the Synod of Whitby; the Synod of Whitby established the Roman date for Easter and the Roman style of monastic tonsure in England. This meeting of the ecclesiastics with Roman customs with local bishops was summoned in 664 at Saint Hilda's double monastery of Streonshalh called Whitby Abbey, it was presided over by King Oswiu, who made the final ruling.
The final ruling was decided in favor of Roman tradition because St. Peter holds the keys to the gate of Heaven. In 1534, King Henry VIII separated the English Church from Rome. A theological separation had been foreshadowed by various movements within the English Church, such as Lollardy, but the English Reformation gained political support when Henry VIII wanted an a
The A41 is a major trunk road in England that links London and Birkenhead, although it has now in parts been superseded by motorways. It passes through or near various towns and cities including Watford, Kings Langley, Hemel Hempstead, Solihull, West Bromwich, Newport, Whitchurch and Ellesmere Port, it follows part of the line of the old Roman road, Akeman Street and the eighteenth century Sparrows Herne turnpike. With the opening of the M40 extension in 1990 from junction 8 – linking with the M42 near Birmingham – much of the route was downgraded in importance; the sections between Bicester and the M42 near Solihull, West Midlands have been re-classified B4100, A4177 and A4141. The route begins near the Marble Arch end of Oxford Street in London's West End, at the junction with Portman Street/Gloucester Place – Baker Street/Orchard Street, it becomes a dual-carriageway on Finchley Road, through Swiss Cottage, along Hendon Way, intersects with the North Circular Road near Brent Cross shopping centre.
The road passes through Hendon and after the junction with the A5150. The A41 overlaps the A1 at Five Ways Corner with the section known as Watford Way, it passes through Mill Hill, separating with the A1 at Apex Corner roundabout After crossing the M1, near Elstree, it links the M1 at Junction 4, meets the A5 at a roundabout. The A41 continues alongside the M1 into Hertfordshire; this section is known as Elton Way, as far as the roundabout with the B462. The next section is dual-carriageway. Still running parallel to the M1, it intersects with Junction 5; the road continues north, passing over the River Colne, to the east of Watford, it is referred to as the "Watford Bypass", crossing the A412 near Garston at "the Dome roundabout". After passing under the junction with the A405, the A41 turns towards the west. At a roundabout, with the A411 to Watford to the south, the M25 spur straight ahead to join the M25 westbound at Junction 19, the A41 continues north through Langleybury, crossing the River Gade and the Grand Union Canal, to meet the M25 at Junction 20.
Here, a new dual-carriageway bypasses Kings Langley. The old route continues to south of Tring. North of the M25 the road is a near motorway standard "A" road with all junctions grade-separated via underpasses or flyovers, but curves and gradients a little steeper. There are no hard shoulders but frequent lay-bys, it climbs through the Chiltern Hills descends into the valley of the River Bulbourne crossing water meadows just outside Hemel Hempstead at Boxmoor. There are grade separated junctions with the A414, A4251 and A416; the route returns to open country north of here. It passes the National Film Archive. Before Tring, near Wigginton, it crosses Chiltern Way. An arched footbridge spans the road just near the summit before it passes just east of Tring and descends the Chiltern scarp into the Vale of Aylesbury; the Tring bypass was built in 1973 as the A41 motorway, the first section of the Watford-Tring Motorway, although this section was downgraded on 6 July 1987. The Tring bypass ends with the border of Hertfordshire, at the junction with the B4635, B4009 and B488.
The section to Tring was built in the early 1990s, although to a lower standard and only from the M25 junction 20. There were two sections – the 7-mile £23.9m Berkhamsted bypass, opened September 1993 and the 5-mile £32.7m Kings Langley bypass, opened August 1993. On 3 October 2003, the dual carriageway section was extended to the 3-mile £25m Aston Clinton Bypass, intended to be built at the same time as the two sections further south, it enters the district of Aylesbury Vale. It crosses the Grand Union Canal, there is a junction with the B489, finishes at a roundabout, becoming Aston Clinton Road; the road goes straight through Aylesbury, a bottleneck. It meets the A4157 at a junction as Tring Road, the next roundabout is near Aylesbury Grammar School and a Tesco, it meets the A418 ring-road and becomes Exchange Street meets the A413 from Wendover at a roundabout and becomes Friarage Road, passing close to a Morrisons and the railway station. The A418 turns to the left and A41 continues straight ahead to become Gatehouse Road at the next roundabout, it leaves to left as Bicester Road near the Applegreen Aylesbury Service Station.
After four roundabouts, it crosses the River Thame. It meets a roundabout with access for the new Berryfields development as well as Aylesbury Vale Parkway before passing under a railway line through Waddesdon passes close to Westcott near the former airfield of RAF Westcott. At Kingswood, it passes the Crooked Plough and Anchor pubs, it enters Oxfordshire and the district of Cherwell, at Blackthorn it crosses the River Ray and meets a low bridge, a 14-foot limit but due to bridge strikes, the road was lowered and the bridge now has a 15-foot limit. Plans for an Aylesbury bypass exist and are well supported locally but no government decision has been made; the £5.7m 2-mile first stage of the Bicester bypass opened in November 1990, with the 2-mile £3.9m second stage opened in May 1993, has many roundabouts. Since 1993, the road now heads south-west where it becomes part of the M40 at junction 9, meeting with the A34 (which ov
Buckinghamshire, abbreviated Bucks, is a ceremonial county in South East England which borders Greater London to the south east, Berkshire to the south, Oxfordshire to the west, Northamptonshire to the north, Bedfordshire to the north east and Hertfordshire to the east. Buckinghamshire is one of the home counties and towns such as High Wycombe, Amersham and the Chalfonts in the east and southeast of the county are parts of the London commuter belt, forming some of the most densely populated parts of the county. Development in this region is restricted by the Metropolitan Green Belt. Other large settlements include the county town of Aylesbury, Marlow in the south near the Thames and Princes Risborough in the west near Oxford; some areas without direct rail links to London, such as around the old county town of Buckingham and near Olney in the northeast, are much less populous. The largest town is Milton Keynes in the northeast, which with the surrounding area is administered as a unitary authority separately to the rest of Buckinghamshire.
The remainder of the county is administered by Buckinghamshire County Council as a non-metropolitan county, four district councils. In national elections, Buckinghamshire is considered a reliable supporter of the Conservative Party. A large part of the Chiltern Hills, an Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty, runs through the south of the county and attracts many walkers and cyclists from London. In this area older buildings are made from local flint and red brick. Many parts of the county are quite affluent and like many areas around London this has led to problems with housing costs: several reports have identified the market town of Beaconsfield as having among the highest property prices outside London. Chequers, a mansion estate owned by the government, is the country retreat of the incumbent Prime Minister. To the north of the county lies rolling countryside in the Vale of Aylesbury and around the Great Ouse; the Thames forms part of the county’s southwestern boundary. Notable service amenities in the county are Pinewood Film Studios, Dorney rowing lake and part of Silverstone race track on the Northamptonshire border.
Many national companies have offices in Milton Keynes. Heavy industry and quarrying is limited, with agriculture predominating after service industries; the name Buckinghamshire means The district of Bucca's home. Bucca's home refers to Buckingham in the north of the county, is named after an Anglo-Saxon landowner; the county has been so named since about the 12th century. The history of the area predates the Anglo-Saxon period and the county has a rich history starting from the Celtic and Roman periods, though the Anglo-Saxons had the greatest impact on Buckinghamshire: the geography of the rural county is as it was in the Anglo-Saxon period. Buckinghamshire became an important political arena, with King Henry VIII intervening in local politics in the 16th century and just a century the English Civil War was reputedly started by John Hampden in mid-Bucks; the biggest change to the county came in the 19th century, when a combination of cholera and famine hit the rural county, forcing many to migrate to larger towns to find work.
Not only did this alter the local economic situation, it meant a lot of land was going cheap at a time when the rich were more mobile and leafy Bucks became a popular rural idyll: an image it still has today. Buckinghamshire is a popular home for London commuters, leading to greater local affluence; the expansion of London and coming of the railways promoted the growth of towns in the south of the county such as Aylesbury and High Wycombe, leaving the town Buckingham itself to the north in a relative backwater. As a result, most county institutions are now based in the south of the county or Milton Keynes, rather than in Buckingham; the county can be split into two sections geographically. The south leads from the River Thames up the gentle slopes of the Chiltern Hills to the more abrupt slopes on the northern side leading to the Vale of Aylesbury, a large flat expanse of land, which includes the path of the River Great Ouse; the county includes parts of two of the four longest rivers in England.
The River Thames forms the southern boundary with Berkshire, which has crept over the border at Eton and Slough so that the river is no longer the sole boundary between the two counties. The River Great Ouse rises just outside the county in Northamptonshire and flows east through Buckingham, Milton Keynes and Olney; the main branch of the Grand Union Canal passes through the county as do its arms to Slough, Aylesbury and Buckingham. The canal has been incorporated into the landscaping of Milton Keynes; the southern part of the county is dominated by the Chiltern Hills. The two highest points in Buckinghamshire are Haddington Hill in Wendover Woods at 267 metres above sea level, Coombe Hill near Wendover at 260 metres. Quarrying has taken clay for brickmaking and gravel and sand in the river valleys. Flint extracted from quarries, was used to build older local buildings. Several former quarries, now flooded, have become nature reserves; as can be seen from the table, the Vale of Aylesbury and the Borough of Milton Keynes have been identified as growth areas, with a projected population surge of 40,000 in Aylesbury Vale between 2011 and 2026 and 75,000 in Milton Keynes within the same 15 years.
The population of the Borough of Milton Keynes is expected to reach 350,000 by 2031. Buckinghamshire is sub-divided into civil parishes. Today Bucking