College soccer is played by teams composed of soccer players who are enrolled in colleges and universities. While it is most widespread in the United States, it is prominent in South Korea and Canada; the institutions hire full-time professional coaches and staff, although the student athletes are amateur and are not paid. College soccer in the United States is sponsored by the National Collegiate Athletic Association, the sports regulatory body for major universities, by the governing bodies for smaller universities and colleges; this sport is played on a rectangular field of the dimensions of about 64m - 70m sideline to sideline, 100m - 110m goal line to goal line. College soccer teams play a variety of conference and non-conference games throughout the fall season, with the season culminating in the post-season tournament called the College Cup; the St. Louis University Billikens is the most successful men's team, having won 10 College Cups while the North Carolina Tar Heels led by head coach Anson Dorrance is the most successful women's college soccer team with 21 College Cup wins.
The best men's and women's college soccer player each year is awarded the Hermann Trophy. After their collegiate careers, top men's players go on to play professionally in Major League Soccer or other professional leagues while top women's players may play professionally in the National Women's Soccer League or in other professional soccer leagues around the world including Division 1 Féminine in France, Damallsvenskan in Sweden, Germany's Frauen Bundesliga, Australia's W-League, or Japan's Nadeshiko League. College soccer is played in the fall from August to December depending on if a team makes the tournament and how long they are in the tournament. Teams play non-conference teams; the NCAA tournament is played in November to early December with the Final Four and Championship game played in December. There are 64 teams in the women's tournament. After many months of extended unofficial discussion, on August 22, 2016, NCAA Division I men's coaches and the National Soccer Coaches Association of America began an "informational campaign" to build support for a proposed change of the playing schedule for Division I men's soccer.
Under the proposed changes of the "Academic Year Season Model", the number of games on the Fall schedule and the number of mid-week games would be reduced, with games added in the Spring following a Winter break, the NCAA Division I Men's Soccer Championship tournament would be moved from November and December to May and June. In addition to more matching the professional season, the changes address issues of player health and safety and of the time demands on student-athletes; the proposal concerns only Division I men's soccer. While a large majority of men's coaches and players support the changes, only a small minority of women's coaches and players do so. At this time, there is only the "informational campaign" "...to educate our Athletic Directors, NCAA leadership, student athletes and fans on the advantages of this Academic Year Model," said Sasho Cirovski, NSCAA D1 Men's committee chair and University of Maryland head coach. No formal proposal has been made to the NCAA. While similar in general appearance, NCAA rules diverge from FIFA Laws of the Game.
A manager may make limited substitutions, each player is allowed one re-entry which must occur in the second half of the match unless the substitution was caused by a player injury resulting from a caution or send-off. All matches have an overtime period; as opposed to a regular two-half extra time period, golden goal is applied. If neither team scores in the two ten-minute periods, the match ends in a draw. College soccer is played with a clock that can be stopped when signaled to by the referee for injuries, the issuing of cards, or when the referee believes a team is wasting time; the clock is stopped after goals until play is restarted, the clock counts down from 45:00 to 0:00 in each half. In most professional soccer leagues, there is an up-counting clock with the referee adding stoppage time to the end of each 45-minute half. In February 2017, the NCAA rules committee met to discuss a proposed rule that would change the double jeopardy rule. If the last player was to foul a player and deny a goal scoring opportunity, this goal would instead give the referee the ability to choose to issue a yellow card, if they were to feel it was a proper attempt to get the ball.
The change was approved. On March 29, 2018, the NCAA announced that its rules committee had recommended that the organization align itself with FIFA timekeeping rules, with the new rule slated for adoption in the 2018 season. If this proposal had been adopted, Stadium clocks would count upward, the displayed time would be based on the elapsed time of the game; the official time would be kept on-field by the referee. When the stadium clock indicated one minute remaining in a half or overtime period, the referee would signal the amount of stoppage time to the sideline, a sign indicating the number of minutes of stoppage time would be displayed; the committee felt that the then-current timekeeping system led to gamesmanship blatant delaying tactics, at the end of matches. However, an NCAA oversight committee tabled the proposal, meaning that the current system will remain in place; the first de facto college football game held in the U. S. in 1869 between Rutgers University and Princeton was contested, at Rutgers captain John W. Leggett's reque
Danny O'Rourke (soccer)
Danny O'Rourke is a former American soccer player, an assistant coach for the Indiana Hoosiers men's soccer program. O'Rourke played high school soccer at Worthington Kilbourne High School in Ohio, he was captain during the 2000 season. Named Ohio Capital Conference player of the year, All-Ohio Capital Conference First Team, All-District, All-State. O'Rourke played college soccer for Indiana University from 2001 to 2004, starting every game he played in during his four years. Selected as All-Big 10 as a sophomore and senior, O'Rourke was named a first team All-American his senior season winning the Hermann Trophy while leading Indiana to a second consecutive NCAA Championship over UC Santa Barbara. O'Rourke finished his career at Indiana having played in 83 games, registering two goals and five assists. During his collegiate career, O'Rourke played for three teams in the amateur Premier Development League. In 2000, he spent time with the Dayton Gemini. In 2003, he played for the Columbus Shooting Stars and in 2002 and 2004 with the Chicago Fire Premier.
O'Rourke was drafted by the San Jose Earthquakes with the fourth overall pick of the 2005 MLS SuperDraft. He began the year as a starter before losing his spot to Ricardo Clark. Along with the rest of his Earthquakes teammates, he moved to Houston for the 2006 season, but was traded to New York Red Bulls for Adrian Serioux a week before the season started. O'Rourke was selected in the 2006 MLS Expansion Draft by Toronto FC, but was immediately traded to the Columbus Crew along with William Hesmer for a partial allocation. In his first years playing for MLS, he was considered as one of the bright young prospects at midfield. In 2008, he shifted to center back. Since 2009, O'Rourke has played a mix of defender positions. O'Rourke re-signed with Columbus for the 2013 season on December 17, 2012. O'Rourke signed with the Portland Timbers on May 27, 2014. Danny's father, Dan O'Rourke, played football at Colorado State University and professionally in the NFL for the Houston Oilers. Major League Soccer MLS Cup: 2008 Major League Soccer Supporter's Shield: 2008, 2009 NCAA Men's Division I Soccer Championship: 2003, 2004 Hermann Trophy: 2004 NCAA Division I First-Team All-America: 2004 Danny O'Rourke at Major League Soccer
Nick Garcia is an American soccer player who most played for Toronto FC in Major League Soccer. As a junior and senior at Bishop Lynch High School in Dallas and helped his high school win their first 2 TAPPS state boys soccer championships in 1996 and 1997, he was selected to the all-state and all-tournament teams. Garcia won the 1996–97 Gatorade National Boys Soccer Player of the Year award, as well, while starring for Dallas Texans youth club. Garcia played college soccer at Indiana University, leading Indiana to the consecutive national titles in 1998 and 1999, was named All-American in his final season. Garcia was named the Soccer America National Freshman of the year while at Indiana University and won the 1999 NCAA Defensive MVP in the College Cup Tournament. Garcia signed with Project-40 and MLS in 2000, was drafted second overall in the 2000 MLS SuperDraft by the Kansas City Wizards. Garcia subsequently played in – and started – 224 games for the Wizards between 2000 and 2007 and helped the Wizards win the MLS Cup in 2000, the US Open Cup in 2004.
He joined the San Jose Earthquakes as their captain upon their return to MLS in 2008. In early 2009 Garcia signed a multi-year contract with San Jose, but was traded to Toronto FC on June 9, 2009 for a third round pick in the 2010 MLS SuperDraft. After the 2010 MLS season Toronto declined Garcia's contract option and he elected to participate in the 2010 MLS Re-Entry Draft. Garcia became a free agent in Major League Soccer. Garcia played in the 1997 World Youth Championship in Ecuador and captained the US Under-20 national team at the World Youth Championship in Nigeria in 1999. Garcia earned his first cap for the full national team on January 2003, against Canada. So far, he has amassed six caps for the United States. Garcia is married to wife MeLinda, they have three children. Kansas City WizardsLamar Hunt U. S. Open Cup: 2004 Major League Soccer MLS Cup: 2000 Major League Soccer Supporters' Shield: 2000 Major League Soccer Western Conference Championship: 2004Toronto FCCanadian Championship: 2009, 2010 Nick Garcia at Major League Soccer
Andrew Tarbell is an American soccer player plays as a goalkeeper for San Jose Earthquakes in Major League Soccer. Tarbell spent his entire college career at Clemson University, he started all 55 games during his four-year career with the Tigers and led them to an ACC Tournament title in 2014 and was named to the All-ACC First team. In 2015, Tarbell lead the Tigers to the National Title game, he was named to the all ACC First team and led the ACC with 84 saves. Andrew Tarbell was drafted in the 8th position of the 2016 MLS SuperDraft by the San Jose Earthquakes. Tarbell signed a Generation Adidas contract with the Earthquakes, he made his professional debut on August 28 in a match against Columbus Crew, coming on as a halftime sub for David Bingham who suffered a back injury. The match ended in a 2–0 loss. Tarbell appeared on loan with San Jose's United Soccer League affiliate Reno 1868 FC. Tarbell made a career-high eleven saves in San Jose's U. S. Open Cup semifinal loss against Sporting Kansas City, in addition to saving Benny Feilhaber's penalty during sudden death, on August 9, 2017.
He played all four of San Jose's Open Cup matches in 2017. This performance earned him his first MLS start three days on August 12 against the Houston Dynamo at BBVA Compass Stadium, in which he saved a second penalty, this time from Cubo Torres, he won MLS Save of the Week for saving a shot taken by Romell Quioto in this same match, announced on August 18. Tarbell was announced as a nominee for the MLS Goalkeeper of the Year Award on October 14, 2017. Statistics accurate as of 24 July 2018. Andrew Tarbell at Major League Soccer San Jose Earthquakes player profile Clemson Tigers bio
Todd Dunivant is a retired American soccer player who played 13 years in Major League Soccer winning 5 MLS Cup trophies. After retirement he spearheaded the San Francisco Deltas professional soccer team as the Director of Soccer Operations and Business Development —winning the NASL Championship in its expansion season, he is now the General Manager of Sacramento Republic FC. In High school, Dunivant won two Colorado state championships in 1997 and 1998 at Dakota Ridge High School. Dunivant was an exemplary student, being Valedictorian for his class of 1999. Dunivant played college soccer at Stanford University from 1999 to 2002. Dunivant appeared in 81 Games at Stanford and was the only player in the nation to be both First Team All-American and First Team Academic All-American in 2002, he led the Cardinal to back to back Final Fours in 2001 and 2002. He graduated with a Bachelor of Arts in Economics in 3.33 years. Dunivant was the first college senior taken in the 2003 MLS SuperDraft and was selected sixth overall by the San Jose Earthquakes.
Dunivant started all thirty of the team's games that year, while scoring one goal and six assists, as the Quakes won its second MLS Cup. He was traded to Los Angeles Galaxy in 2005 in a four-player deal and played every minute for the Galaxy, as they won the MLS Cup and U. S. Open Cup double. Dunivant was traded to the New York Red Bulls, where he made twenty-two appearances during the 2006-07 seasons. Dunivant was acquired by expansion side Toronto FC on June 27, 2007, in a trade for Kevin Goldthwaite. Dunivant played 18 games for Toronto in his first season, all of them starts. Dunivant was traded back to the Los Angeles Galaxy on February 3, 2009, in exchange for allocation money, he spent seven more seasons with the Galaxy, collecting 2 supporter shields. Dunivant retired from soccer at the end of the 2015 MLS season with 25 MLS Playoff appearances, 5 MLS Cup Championships, a 2011 Best XI Selection and a 4x Humanitarian of the Year Recipient. Dunivant got his first cap for the United States national team on January 29, 2006, against Norway where he recorded 2 assists.
He started in a 3–2 victory over Japan on February 11, 2006. LA GalaxyMajor League Soccer MLS Cup: 2005, 2011, 2012, 2014 Lamar Hunt U. S. Open Cup: 2005 Major League Soccer Supporter's Shield: 2010, 2011 Major League Soccer Western Conference Championship: 2005, 2009, 2011San Jose EarthquakesMajor League Soccer MLS Cup: 2003 Major League Soccer MLS Best XI: 2011 Todd Dunivant at Major League Soccer
San Francisco Seals (soccer)
The San Francisco Seals were a soccer team based in San Francisco, California. The team began as the senior team of the San Francisco United Soccer Club founded in 1985, a 501 organization; the club is based in San Francisco. In 1992, the SFUSC youth team started playing as the "All Blacks" in the top tier of the USISL when Cal North Soccer, the governing body of youth soccer closed the youth program by blocking the movement of players across boundaries; the team played its home games at Negoesco Stadium on the campus of the University of San Francisco. The team's colors were black and white. After the first season and for five straight seasons the Seals dominated soccer on the West Coast winning 5 division titles, 3 regional titles and went to 3 national championship finals. In 1997 the Seals was called the "Team of the Year" by USA today after beating the Seattle Sounders, the Kansas City Wiz, the San Jose Clash in the Lamar Hunt U. S. Open Cup; the Seals continued in the A-League until 2000 when the franchise stopped professional soccer and returned to youth development.
The Seals continued as members of the Y-League and expanded their youth development to include college level players in 2006 by entering the PDL. Since 2009 the Seals have concentrated on youth development from U6 to U23 soccer; the San Francisco United Soccer Club was first organized as a youth soccer club in 1985 for Tom Simpson's two children. SFUSC was the first San Francisco club to travel to the prestigious Gothia Cup in 1987. Drawing on talented players from throughout the Bay Area, SFUSC soon became a "super club" and a dominant force in California state youth soccer. In 1991 the club created two teams, the Red Team and the Blue Team, who both advanced deep into the California Youth Soccer Association – North State Cup; the 1991 Red Team won SFUSC won the Cal North Soccer State Cup and continued on to take the Region IV title before advancing to the National "McGuire Cup" final losing to the Minnesota Thunder. However, the rise of "super clubs" such as SFUSC sparked a counterreaction from smaller Northern California youth teams and in 1992 Cal North Soccer-North implemented rules to block SFUSC from competition.
Faced with this opposition, the SFUSC decided to forsake the traditional path to amateur success, through the state competitions, enter a team in the U. S. Interregional Soccer League, the forerunner of today's United Soccer Leagues. In 1992 SFUSC formed a team known as the San Francisco All Blacks based on its all black uniform and entered it in the USISL. After an initial 7–7 season with U19 players, the team excelled in the face of stiff national-level competition. In 1993 the New Zealand All Blacks sent a cease and desist letter claiming copyright infringement forcing the team to change their name to the San Francisco Bay Seals. In 1993, 1994 and 1995 the Seals took first place in the Pacific Conference, won the regionals in 1995, went to the National Championship in Richmond, they won the Western Conference Division in 1996 and 1997, the Regional Title in 1996 and 1997, went to the National Championships both years. In 1998, the Seals moved up to the A-League. In 2000, SFSCU sold the team to new ownership.
However, the Seals lasted only to the end of the 2000 season before folding. The Seals were division champions three times, in 1994, 1995 and 1997. In 1997, the Seals made an incredible and historic run to the semi finals of the U. S. Open Cup. After winning the D3 U. S. Open Cup, the Seals knocked out the Seattle Sounders, they took out two Major League Soccer clubs. First came the Kansas City Wiz in the round of 16, the San Jose Clash in the quarter finals at the Clash's home field, Spartan Stadium; the Seals' Cinderella run through higher division clubs came to an end in the semi-finals when they lost 2–1 to D. C. United. In 2006, after a six-year gap, the original club owners resurrected the senior team, this time as a franchise in the PDL as the San Francisco Seals, their first year back in competition was decent – four wins in their first six games, including a comprehensive 3–1 over California Gold – left the team well in contention for the playoffs as the second half of the campaign began.
However, a disappointing run of results in the latter half of 2007, including a winless streak of 5 games from mid-June to early July saw the team slip down the table finishing 6th. The end of the season was enlivened by a staggering 8–1 victory over California Gold that featured a brace by Luke Sassano. Jose Diaz and Peruvian striker John Colan were the team's top scorers, notching 13 goals between them, while Shani Simpson contributed 4 assists. 2007 was a similar seesaw season of disappointing inconsistency for the Seals, when victory following defeat following victory following defeat all year long – this despite the presence of former Manchester City defender Danny Warrender marshalling the back line. The Seals did enjoy a comprehensive 3–1 victory over Orange County Blue Star in July, but failed to overcome their Bay Area rivals San Jose Frogs in their two-game series, losing 2–0 in San Jose in June, losing 2–0 at home in their season finale; the Seals finished a comfortable mid-table 6th.
The Seals began 2008 in fine form, picking up four wins in their first six games, including 3–2 opening day victory over Fresno Fuego that featured a brace from Kellan Wilson, a come-from-behind victory over Orange County Blue Star which again saw Wilson increase his goal tally by two. They only just missed out on qualifying for the U. S. Open Cup, beaten by a fast-starting
Association football, more known as football or soccer, is a team sport played with a spherical ball between two teams of eleven players. It is played by 250 million players in over 200 countries and dependencies, making it the world's most popular sport; the game is played on a rectangular field called a pitch with a goal at each end. The object of the game is to score by moving the ball beyond the goal line into the opposing goal. Association football is one of a family of football codes, which emerged from various ball games played worldwide since antiquity; the modern game traces its origins to 1863 when the Laws of the Game were codified in England by The Football Association. Players are not allowed to touch the ball with hands or arms while it is in play, except for the goalkeepers within the penalty area. Other players use their feet to strike or pass the ball, but may use any other part of their body except the hands and the arms; the team that scores most goals by the end of the match wins.
If the score is level at the end of the game, either a draw is declared or the game goes into extra time or a penalty shootout depending on the format of the competition. Association football is governed internationally by the International Federation of Association Football, which organises World Cups for both men and women every four years; the rules of association football were codified in England by the Football Association in 1863 and the name association football was coined to distinguish the game from the other forms of football played at the time rugby football. The first written "reference to the inflated ball used in the game" was in the mid-14th century: "Þe heued fro þe body went, Als it were a foteballe"; the Online Etymology Dictionary states that the "rules of the game" were made in 1848, before the "split off in 1863". The term soccer comes from a slang or jocular abbreviation of the word "association", with the suffix "-er" appended to it; the word soccer was first recorded in 1889 in the earlier form of socca.
Within the English-speaking world, association football is now called "football" in the United Kingdom and "soccer" in Canada and the United States. People in countries where other codes of football are prevalent may use either term, although national associations in Australia and New Zealand now use "football" for the formal name. According to FIFA, the Chinese competitive game cuju is the earliest form of football for which there is evidence. Cuju players could use any part of the body apart from hands and the intent was kicking a ball through an opening into a net, it was remarkably similar to modern football. During the Han Dynasty, cuju games were standardised and rules were established. Phaininda and episkyros were Greek ball games. An image of an episkyros player depicted in low relief on a vase at the National Archaeological Museum of Athens appears on the UEFA European Championship Cup. Athenaeus, writing in 228 AD, referenced the Roman ball game harpastum. Phaininda and harpastum were played involving hands and violence.
They all appear to have resembled rugby football and volleyball more than what is recognizable as modern football. As with pre-codified "mob football", the antecedent of all modern football codes, these three games involved more handling the ball than kicking. Other games included kemari in chuk-guk in Korea. Association football in itself does not have a classical history. Notwithstanding any similarities to other ball games played around the world FIFA has recognised that no historical connection exists with any game played in antiquity outside Europe; the modern rules of association football are based on the mid-19th century efforts to standardise the varying forms of football played in the public schools of England. The history of football in England dates back to at least the eighth century AD; the Cambridge Rules, first drawn up at Cambridge University in 1848, were influential in the development of subsequent codes, including association football. The Cambridge Rules were written at Trinity College, Cambridge, at a meeting attended by representatives from Eton, Rugby and Shrewsbury schools.
They were not universally adopted. During the 1850s, many clubs unconnected to schools or universities were formed throughout the English-speaking world, to play various forms of football; some came up with their own distinct codes of rules, most notably the Sheffield Football Club, formed by former public school pupils in 1857, which led to formation of a Sheffield FA in 1867. In 1862, John Charles Thring of Uppingham School devised an influential set of rules; these ongoing efforts contributed to the formation of The Football Association in 1863, which first met on the morning of 26 October 1863 at the Freemasons' Tavern in Great Queen Street, London. The only school to be represented on this occasion was Charterhouse; the Freemason's Tavern was the setting for five more meetings between October and December, which produced the first comprehensive set of rules. At the final meeting, the first FA treasurer, the representative from Blackheath, withdrew his club from the FA over the removal of two draft rules at the previous meeting: the first allowed for running with the ball in hand.
Other English rugby clubs followed this lead and did not join the FA and instead in 1871 formed the Rugby Football Union. The eleven remaining clubs, under