The Ultimate Fighting Championship was the first mixed martial arts event by the Ultimate Fighting Championship, held at the McNichols Sports Arena in Denver, Colorado, on November 12, 1993. The event was broadcast live on pay-per-view and released on home video. UFC 1 co-created by Rorion Gracie and Art Davie, used an eight-man tournament format, with the winner receiving $50,000; the tournament featured fights with time-outs, or judges. The two rules, no biting or eye gouging, were to be enforced only by a $1,500 fine; the match only ended by knockout, or the fighter's corner throwing in the towel. Gloves were allowed, as Art Jimmerson showed in his Quarterfinal bout against Royce Gracie, which he fought with one boxing glove. Royce Gracie won the tournament by defeating Gerard Gordeau via submission due to a rear naked choke; the referees for UFC 1 were João Alberto Barreto and Hélio Vigio, two veteran vale tudo referees from Brazil. The commentary team for the pay-per-view was Bill Wallace, Jim Brown, Kathy Long, with additional analysis from Rod Machado and post-fight interviews by Brian Kilmeade.
Jason DeLucia was an alternate for the event. However, as no fighter pulled out during the tournament, he was not called upon. Ultimate Fighting Championship List of UFC champions List of UFC events 1993 in UFC UFC 1 results at Sherdog.com UFC 1 fights reviews Official UFC website MMA Mental History UFC 1 MMA Origins: UFC 1 The Brutal Beginnings of the UFC
Art Davie is a business executive and entrepreneur active in Southern California advertising circles. In 1993, he created and co-produced the tournament which became the televised Ultimate Fighting Championship. In 1998, Davie, as vice-president of K-1 USA, brought the successful K-1 kickboxing franchise from Japan to Las Vegas and North American pay-per-view television. In 2003, Davie was an executive producer with Mandalay Sports Entertainment. In 2006, he became vice-president of television at Paradigm Entertainment Group. In 2014, Ascend Books published Davie's book, Is This Legal?: The Inside Story of the First UFC from the Man Who Created It. Sean Wheelock assisted in the book's writing. In November 2014, Davie was inducted into the Legends of MMA Hall of Fame, alongside Big John McCarthy, Pat Miletich, Fedor Emelianenko, Rickson Gracie. On the 5th July 2018 he was inducted into the UFC Hall of Fame in the Contributors Wing Davie's new venture, XARM, is a hybrid sport that combines kickboxing and arm wrestling.
While at a meeting in 2008 with executives from Piranha entertainment in Seattle, Davie announced he wanted back into the MMA industry, but estimated it would take millions of dollars to create a new brand that could compete with the UFC. Rather than do that, he decided to brand a whole new sport all together, XARM was created. Contested across a 28 in × 16 in table, adjustable for height from 34 to 46 in, bouts consist of three one-minute rounds, with a one-minute rest period between rounds. Athletes are allowed one assistant at table-side. To prevent the fighters from separating, their arms used for the arm wrestling portion are bound together with a strap, leaving the other arm free to punch and submit the other fighter. In June 2008, Davie teamed up with fight promoter Ted Williams to film the first pilot. Williams provided Davie with his main card fighters from Gladiator Challenge. XARM was scheduled to have its first TV air date in 2012, but was put on hold. Davie, in 2011, announced a partnership with Sallyann Salsano, the show runner for Jersey Shore.
The Show was hosted and coached by professional movie actor and Arm Wrestling legend, Andrew “Cobra” Rhodes, with longtime MMA Fighter Cal Worsham as the referee. In 2012, XARM announced a partnership with Machinima to produce online reality show episodes. Davie wrote, with Sean Wheelock, Is This Legal?: The Inside Story of The First UFC From the Man Who Created It. It was published by Ascend Books on July 4, 2014, it chronicles the period October 1989 through November 13, 1993 when Davie worked on the first UFC event. The book recounts Davie's military service after attending New York Military Academy, where he roomed with classmate Donald Trump for a semester. In 2015, the book was optioned by Legacy Entertainment Partners to make into a feature movie. UFC Creator and RipeTV Launch XARM, First Combat Sport for the Digital Age NEXT Sport: XARM. Arm wrestling + MMA = the future of combat sports? ESPN the Magazine
Mike Goldberg is an American play-by-play commentator known for his work with the Ultimate Fighting Championship from 1997 until his departure in 2017. He works for Bellator MMA, debuting in 2017 at Bellator 180. Born in Cincinnati, Goldberg graduated from Miami University. Goldberg served as studio host for college football telecasts on FSN, as well as ACC Sunday Night Hoops, he appeared as a guest host on The Best Damn Sports Show Period, has been heard on Arizona Cardinals pre-season telecasts, he is the former TV play-by-play announcer for the Detroit Red Wings, Minnesota Wild and ESPN2 Hockey, broadcasting over 900 NHL Games. On December 21, 1997 Mike Goldberg made his UFC debut as commentator for UFC Japan: Ultimate Japan The event took place in Yokohama Japan and was available on pay-per-view in the United States. In 2005, Goldberg was offered a contract to work for World Wrestling Entertainment, to be the head announcer on WWE's flagship show WWE Raw, he was reportedly offered an extra six-figure amount to no-show at a UFC event prior to starting work for WWE.
Goldberg refused the WWE contract and signed a new deal with UFC. During his tenure with SportsChannel Chicago, he served as sideline reporter for the Chicago Bulls, including the Bulls 1991, 1992 and 1993 World Championships, he has called Big Ten, ACC and SEC college football and basketball games. Goldberg served as the Host of Shaquille O'Neal's sports reality television show Shaq Vs. On December 28, 2016, UFC announced that Goldberg would be leaving the promotion following UFC 207. On June 24, 2017, Goldberg made his Bellator MMA debut at Bellator 180 in Madison Square Garden. Mike is married to Kim Goldberg, they have a daughter and a son together
World Wrestling Entertainment, Inc. d/b/a WWE, is an American integrated media and entertainment company, known for professional wrestling. WWE has branched out into other fields, including movies, real estate, various other business ventures; the WWE name refers to the professional wrestling promotion itself, founded by Jess McMahon and Toots Mondt in 1952 as the Capitol Wrestling Corporation. As of 2019, it is the largest wrestling promotion in the world, holding over 500 events a year, with the roster divided up into various globally traveling brands, is available to about 36 million viewers in more than 150 countries; the company's global headquarters is located in Stamford, with offices in major cities across the world. As in other professional wrestling promotions, WWE shows are not legitimate contests, but purely entertainment-based, featuring storyline-driven and choreographed matches, though matches include moves that can put performers at risk of injury if not performed correctly.
This was first publicly acknowledged by WWE's owner Vince McMahon in 1989 to avoid taxes from athletic commissions. Since the 1980s, WWE publicly has branded their product as sports entertainment, acknowledging the product's roots in competitive sport and dramatic theater; the company's majority owner is its chairman and CEO, Vince McMahon, who retains a 42% ownership of the company's outstanding stock and 83% of the voting power. The current entity, incorporated on February 21, 1980, was known as Titan Sports, Inc., founded that same year in South Yarmouth, Massachusetts. It acquired Capitol Wrestling Corporation Ltd. the holding company for the World Wrestling Federation, in 1982. Titan was renamed World Wrestling Federation, Inc. in 1998 World Wrestling Federation Entertainment, Inc. in 1999, the current World Wrestling Entertainment, Inc. in 2002. Since 2011, the company has branded itself as WWE though the company's legal name was not changed. WWE's origins can be traced back as far as 1952 when Roderick James "Jess" McMahon and Toots Mondt created the Capitol Wrestling Corporation Ltd. which joined the National Wrestling Alliance in 1953.
McMahon, a successful boxing promoter, began working with Tex Rickard in 1926. With the help of Rickard, he began promoting boxing and wrestling at the third Madison Square Garden, it was not the first time McMahon had promoted wrestling cards, as he had done so during the 1910s. In November 1954, McMahon died and Ray Fabiani, one of Mondt's associates, brought in McMahon's son Vincent James; the younger McMahon and Mondt were successful and soon controlled 70% of the NWA's booking due to their dominance in the populated Northeastern United States. In 1963, McMahon and Mondt had a dispute with the NWA over "Nature Boy" Buddy Rogers being booked to hold the NWA World Heavyweight Championship. Both men left the company in protest and formed the WWWF in the process, awarding Rogers the newly created WWWF World Heavyweight Championship in April of that year, he lost the championship to Bruno Sammartino a month on May 17, 1963, after suffering a heart attack a week before the match. Capitol operated the WWWF in a conservative manner compared to other pro wrestling territories: it ran its major arenas monthly rather than weekly or bi-weekly featuring a babyface champion wrestling various heels in programs that consisted of one to three matches.
After gaining a television program deal and hiring Lou Albano as a manager for Sammartino's heel opponents, the WWWF was doing sellout business by 1970. Mondt left Capitol in the late 1960s and although the WWWF had withdrawn from the NWA, Vince McMahon, Sr. re-joined in 1971. Capitol renamed the World Wide Wrestling Federation to the World Wrestling Federation in 1979. Vincent J. McMahon's son, Vincent K. McMahon, his wife Linda, established Titan Sports, Inc. in 1980 in South Yarmouth, Massachusetts. The company was incorporated on February 1980, in the Cape Cod Coliseum offices; the younger McMahon bought Capitol from his father in 1982 seizing control of the company. Seeking to make the WWF the premier wrestling promotion in the country, the world, he began an expansion process that fundamentally changed the wrestling business. At the annual meeting of the NWA in 1983, the McMahons and former Capitol employee Jim Barnett all withdrew from the organization. McMahon worked to get WWF programming on syndicated television all across the United States.
This angered other promoters and disrupted the well-established boundaries of the different wrestling promotions ending the territory system, in use since the founding of the NWA in the 1940s. In addition, the company used income generated by advertising, television deals, tape sales to secure talent from rival promoters. In an interview with Sports Illustrated, McMahon noted: In the old days, there were wrestling fiefdoms all over the country, each with its own little lord in charge; each little lord respected the rights of his neighboring little lord. No takeovers or raids were allowed. There were maybe 30 of these tiny kingdoms in the U. S. and if I hadn't bought out my dad, there would still be 30 of them and struggling. I, of course, had no allegiance to those little lords. McMahon gained significant traction when he hired American Wrestling Association talent Hulk Hogan, who had achieved popularity outside of wrestling, notably for his appearance in the film Rocky III. McMahon signed Roddy Piper as Hogan's rival, shortly afterward Jesse Ventura as an announcer.
Other wrestlers joined the roster, such as Jimmy Snuka, Don Muraco
Jerome Young is an American semi-retired professional wrestler, better known by his stage name New Jack. He is best known for his time with Extreme Championship Wrestling, where he became notorious for his willingness to take dangerous bumps and his stiff hardcore wrestling style taking high risks and "shooting" on opponents, he is known for having his theme song play throughout his matches in ECW. Young trained under Ray Candy and debuted in 1992 in the Memphis, Tennessee-based United States Wrestling Association, where he adopted the name New Jack, inspired by the movie New Jack City. In June 1993, he won his first championship, the USWA World Tag Team Championship with his partner Homeboy, defeating Simply Devine for the titles, they would hold onto the titles for two weeks before losing them to C. W. Bergstrom and Melvin Penrod, Jr, he would remain with the company until the end of the summer. After leaving Memphis, returned to Atlanta and wrestled for North Georgia Wrestling Alliance, won their Heavyweight Championship.
In early 1994, he paired up with former WCW enhancement talent Mustafa Saed and formed The Gangstas, won NGWA Tag Team Championship in July 1994, but vacated them, as they left the territory. In July 1994, The Gangstas went to Knoxville and began working for Jim Cornette in Smoky Mountain Wrestling; the Gangstas took part in several controversial angles, on one occasion using affirmative action to enable them to win matches with a two count pinfall as opposed to the conventional three count. They engaged in a long feud with the Rock'N Roll Express. During their stint, the NAACP would picket outside the performance venues because of the "Gangsta" gimmick, claiming that no racial violence had occurred in the Tennessee area for years, they did not want the reputation of gangsters to be put into the Tennessee area. After the feud with the Rock'n' Roll Express ended, they feuded with The Thugs and with USWA's PG-13 until they left the company in June 1995. In June 1995, The Gangstas joined the Philadelphia-based Extreme Championship Wrestling promotion, debuting for the promotion as a villainous team by attacking The Public Enemy at Barbed Wire and Chokeslams on June 17, 1995.
Gangstas made their ECW in-ring debut at Hardcore Heaven by competing against Public Enemy in a losing effort. The two teams engaged in a lengthy rivalry and traded wins against each other throughout the year, with the feud ending in a street fight at House Party, which Public Enemy won. Public Enemy departed ECW after the event. At CyberSlam Gangstas were scheduled to compete in a match against The Headhunters but Jack was imprisoned in Atlanta and Mustafa was attacked by Headhunters. Jack returned to ECW on March 8 during the Big Ass Extreme tour to rescue Mustafa from an assault by The Headhunters, resulting in Gangstas turning into fan favourites. Gangstas began pursuing the ECW World Tag Team Championship and entered into a rivalry with the tag team champions The Eliminators and received several title shots against Eliminators but came up short. At Fight the Power, Samoan Gangstas Party made their ECW debut by attacking Gangstas. Samoan Gangsta Party cost Gangstas, another title shot against Eliminators at Hardcore Heaven.
Gangstas faced Samoan Gangstas Party in a match at Heat Wave which ended in a brawl between both teams. Gangstas' feud with Eliminators, Samoan Gangsta Party and The Bruise Brothers led to a four-way dance between the four teams at The Doctor is In, which Gangstas won to capture their first World Tag Team Championship. Gangstas defended the title against teams such as Samoan Gangsta Party, The Eliminators and Rob Van Dam and Sabu throughout the year. New Jack was involved in the Mass Transit Incident on November 1996 in Revere, Massachusetts; the Gangstas were scheduled to face Axl Rotten. Axl, never made it to the show for reasons never made clear.. Rotten was replaced with "Mass Transit" Eric Kulas, an untrained seventeen-year-old who convinced booker Paul Heyman that he was twenty-three and had been trained by the veteran Killer Kowalski. Kulas requested that New Jack "blade" him during the match, but the incision was made incorrectly, causing excessive bleeding. Kulas was hospitalized as a result receiving fifty stitches.
New Jack was acquitted. Kulas subsequently lost the case. Kulas died on May 2002 at the age of 22 due to complications from gastric bypass surgery. Kulas' parents tried to sue New Jack because they believed their son's death was caused due to depression and a major eating disorder after what New Jack did to him. Gangstas lost the World Tag Team Championship back to Eliminators on the January 4, 1997 episode of Hardcore TV, ending their reign at 139 days. Gangstas feuded with The Dudley Boyz over the titles for the next several months. At Heat Wave, Gangstas defeated Dudley Boyz in a steel cage match to capture their second World Tag Team Championship. Mustafa Saed left ECW after the title win; the following month, at Hardcore Heaven, Dudley Boyz were returned the titles via forfeit due to Saed's departure. The departure of Mustafa Saed and Perry Saturn from ECW led New Jack to form a new tag team with former Eliminator John Kronus called The Gangstanators
Matthew Moore Hardy is an American professional wrestler signed to WWE, where he performs on the SmackDown brand, he is one half of the SmackDown Tag Team Champions with his brother Jeff Hardy. Along with his real-life brother Jeff, Matt gained notoriety in WWF's tag team division due to the Hardys' participation in tables and chairs matches; as a tag team wrestler, he is a 14-time world tag team champion, having held six WWF/World Tag Team Championships, three WWE/Raw Tag Team Championships, one SmackDown Tag Team Championship, one ROH World Tag Team Championship, one WCW Tag Team Championship and two TNA World Tag Team Championships. Wrestling in three separate decades, Hardy has managed to keep himself relevant through a variety of different gimmicks, character changes as well as his use of social media. In 2002, Hardy began a solo career in WWE and his subsequent "Version 1" persona was named Best Gimmick by Wrestling Observer Newsletter. Hardy's eccentric "Broken" gimmick, which he debuted in 2016, earned him multiple awards and praise from wrestling critics, including a second Best Gimmick award.
As a singles wrestler, Hardy is a three-time world champion, winning two TNA World Heavyweight Championships and one ECW Championship. Hardy was born in North Carolina, the son of Gilbert and Ruby Moore Hardy, he is the older brother of Jeff Hardy. Their mother died of brain cancer in 1987. Hardy had stopped by his senior year, he played football, either as a linebacker or a defensive end. Hardy was a good student at Union Pines High School in North Carolina, was a nominee for the "Morehead Award", a scholarship to any university in North Carolina. Hardy attended University of North Carolina at Charlotte, he attended Sandhills Community College in Pinehurst to gain his associate degree. Hardy, along with his brother Jeff and friends, started their own federation, the Trampoline Wrestling Federation and mimicked the moves they saw on television. Shortly after Hardy sent in a tape for the World Championship Wrestling Amateur Challenge using the ring name High Voltage, a tag team named High Voltage began competing in WCW, causing Hardy to change his name to Surge.
A few years it was revealed to him by Chris Kanyon that the tape had been kept in the WCW Power Plant, watched multiple times, that the name High Voltage was blatantly stolen from it. Beginning in 1994, The Hardys wrestled for several North Carolina-based independent circuit promotions and adapted a number of alter-egos; as The Wolverine, Hardy captured the New England Wrestling Alliance Championship in May 1994. As High Voltage, he teamed with Venom to claim the New Frontier Wrestling Association Tag Team Championship in March 1995. A month High Voltage defeated the Willow for the NFWA Championship. In 1997, Matt and Jeff created their own wrestling promotion, The Organization of Modern Extreme Grappling Arts, in which Matt competed under the name High Voltage. Both Matt and Jeff took apart the ring and put it back together at every event they had, while Matt sewed all the costumes worn in OMEGA; the promotion folded in October 1999, after both Matt and Jeff signed with the World Wrestling Federation.
Hardy worked as a jobber for the World Wrestling Federation from 1994 up until he signed a full-time contract in 1998. His first WWF match was against Nikolai Volkoff on May 1994, which he lost by submission. Hardy made his Monday Night Raw debut on July 1994, losing to Crush. A night at a taping of WWF Wrestling Challenge, he lost a match against Owen Hart, he continued to wrestle sporadically in the WWF throughout 1994 and 1995, losing matches against Crush, Razor Ramon, Owen Hart, the imposter Undertaker, Hunter Hearst Helmsley and "The Ringmaster" Steve Austin. Hardy teamed with Jeff for the first time in the WWF in 1996, losing to teams such as The Smoking Gunns and The Grimm Twins on WWF television. Matt and Jeff had a short lived feud with The Headbangers, losing to the duo twice in 1997, it was during this time that Matt and Jeff experimented with different ring names, at one stage being called Ingus and Wildo Jinx. In Matt's final singles match for the promotion before signing a full-time contract he lost to Val Venis on a taping of Shotgun in 1998.
It was not until 1998, that the Hardy brothers were given full-time WWF contracts and sent to train with former wrestler Dory Funk, Jr. The Hardy Boyz used a cruiserweight, fast-paced high flying style in their matches leaping from great heights to do damage to their opponents. In 1999, while feuding with Edge and Christian, the duo picked up Michael Hayes as a manager. At King of the Ring, The Hardyz defeated Edge and Christian to earn the #1 contendership for the WWF Tag Team Championship. On July 5, they defeated The APA to win their first Tag Team Championship, they soon dumped Hayes and picked up Gangrel as a manager, after Gangrel turned on Edge and Christian. At No Mercy, The Hardyz defeated Edge and Christian in the first tag team ladder match. At the Royal Rumble pay-per-view, The Hardyz defeated The Dudley Boyz in the first tag team tables match, they competed against The Dudley Boyz and Edge and Christian for the Tag Team Championships at WrestleMania 2000 in the first Triangle Ladder match, but were unsuccessful.
Hardy won the Hardcore Championship on April 24, 2000, on Raw Is War, by defeating Cra