Waikato Connection

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Waikato Connection
Service type inter-city
Status terminated
Locale Waikato, New Zealand
First service 26 June 2000
Last service 7 October 2001
Former operator(s) Tranz Scenic
Start Hamilton
Stops 5
End Auckland
Distance travelled 134.75 kilometres (83.73 mi)
Average journey time 124 minutes
Service frequency daily return
Rolling stock NZR RM class (Silver Fern)
Track gauge 3 ft 6 in (1,067 mm)
Route map
0.00 km Hamilton
31.47 Huntly
86.47 Pukekohe
104.63 Papakura
119.89 Middlemore
132.25 Newmarket
134.75 km Auckland

The Waikato Connection was a short-lived express passenger train between Hamilton and Auckland in New Zealand's North Island. It consisted of a single weekday return service using diesel multiple unit railcars.

Like its southern counterpart, the Capital Connection between Palmerston North and Wellington, the service was operated by Tranz Scenic and run as a commercial venture.[1]



The service commenced as a six-month trial[2] on 26 June 2000 and was primarily aimed at business people who regularly commuted to work in Auckland.[3] It used Silver Fern railcars with full onboard catering and stopped at the intermediate stations of Huntly, Pukekohe, Papakura, Middlemore, and Newmarket.[1]

Four months into the trial the service was reported to be "performing up to expectations"[2] and was later extended beyond the trial period.


Tranz Rail announced in October 2000 that it intended to exit the passenger rail business to concentrate on its freight interests.[4] The new owner of Tranz Scenic, two directors of West Coast Railway in Australia, had limited purchase funds, and so were only prepared to purchase the most profitable services, prompting Tranz Rail to terminate those services that were not purchased, including the Waikato Connection.[5] It was officially cancelled on 7 October 2001 along with the Geyserland Express, the Kaimai Express, and the Bay Express. A replacement Tranz Metro service between Auckland and Pukekohe commenced the following day.[6]

Efforts were made to save the service prior to its cancellation, including an investigation made by Environment Waikato into the possibility of subsidising it. The Council, which at the time had a policy of not subsidising rail services,[5] decided against providing funding as $400,000 pa,[7] which was deemed to be too expensive. An approach was also made to the Government for funding, especially in light of the subsidy that they had extended for the Southerner,[8] but this was also declined.[4] West Coast Railway reported that the Waikato Connection was "the most unprofitable service" but that they would be prepared to consider retaining it with community support which they expected would be needed for about three years.[5]

At the time of its cancellation the Waikato Connection was being patronised by an average of 129 passengers per trip, most of which boarded at Pukehohe or Papakura,[9] with only about 30 of those travelling the full distance between Hamilton and Auckland.[1] Some considered the cancellation premature as the service was beginning to grow in popularity.[3][5] [10]


A refurbisheed NZR RM class (88 seater) nicknamed the 'Blue Streak' was used for a trial Hamilton-Auckland service from 8 April 1968, which was discontinued for lack of patronage.

Potential reintroduction[edit]

After the June 2006 announcement of the Overlander's cancellation, there were proposals to re-instate the Waikato Connection, including from Dave Macpherson, Hamilton City Council's Passenger Transport Committee chairman. The Overlander's cancellation was subsequently rescinded, eliminating the possibility of using its rolling stock on a new Waikato Connection, but other proposals have remained due to increasing vehicular traffic volumes straining road capacity. These proposals include using the Silver Ferns as in the original Waikato Connection, though they were at the time under contract for suburban commuter trains between Auckland and Pukekohe. Proposals were floated in 2007 to re-instate the service.[7] An interim proposal from the Rail Working Group in 2011 recommended further assessment of 3 options:- a) A Silver Fern train from Hamilton to Papakura with a transfer to the MAXX service at Papakura b) Extension of the MAXX service to Hamilton c) The composite train option (Silver Fern railcar coupled to the back of an existing MAXX service at Pukekohe). This proposal addressed cost concerns raised by the affected local government organisations by making use of existing rolling stock and infrastructure where possible and avoiding use of the Britomart Transport Centre which, because of capacity constraints, was not available for peak-time arrivals and departures of such a service.[11]

The proposal was dropped on a 2011 report[12] in favour of extension only from Pukekohe to Tuakau, but that was also shelved.[13] In 2016 the Transport Minister said, when starting work on a parallel section of Waikato Expressway costing over $2bn, "it will be some time before it makes its case economically".[14]

A further study to establish a strategic business case was started in 2017.[15] It identified the lack of a third line in Auckland and, consequently, a journey time of over 2hrs 20mins as obstacles.[16] Regional Council's 2018 Long Term Plan consultation also includes a question asking whether Hamilton ratepayers will pay about $11 a year for a skeleton commuter service from Hamilton to Papakura.[17] A paper for the same Plan proposes a Hamilton-Papakura bus link, taking 1hr 20mins , 10 minutes faster and much cheaper,[18] at an estimated annual cost of $54,000.[19]

ATAP, Auckland's 2018-2028 plan provides for Pukekohe electrification, a third line from Westfield to Wiri and further new electric trains,[20] probably part of up to $205m a year proposed by government for 'Transitional rail' spending,[21] which may include a Hamilton service.[22]

The Sixth Labour Government promised commuter rail in 18 months to Hamilton [23] and commuter rail to Hamilton and Tauranga.[24] Hamiltonians want a passenger service right into Auckland (Britomart if possible).[25] Labour MP Jamie Strange expects the service to be operating by the end of 2019.[26]

A 2018 Waikato Regional Council plan aims to have more than 95% of peak rail trips completed in less than 2 hours and 30 minutes (compared with 50% by road) within 5 years, 2 hours within 15 years and eventually 90 minutes (90 km/h average).[27]


  1. ^ a b c Rutherford, Ross (August 2005). "Preliminary Feasibility Study into Passenger Rail Services in the Hamilton Area" (PDF). Environment Waikato and Hamilton City Council. Hamilton Alternatives to Roading Transportation Study. Transport Planning Solutions. p. 15. 
  2. ^ a b Wheeler, Bob (11 October 2000). Chairman’s Address to Shareholders, 2000 Annual Meeting. Wellington: Tranz Rail Holdings. 
  3. ^ a b "Mayor disappointed Waikato Connection axed" (Press release). Hamilton City Council. 27 June 2001. Retrieved 20 October 2010. 
  4. ^ a b BROWN, Jo-MARIE (6 October 2001). "Regional rail services disappear". NZ Herald. APN Holdings NZ. Retrieved 21 October 2010. 
  5. ^ a b "Rail Working Party Interim Recommendation Report on Hamilton to Auckland Passenger Rail Service" (PDF). Environment Waikato. January 2011. 
  6. ^ "Regional Council to meet on Waikato rail connection" (Press release). Environment Waikato. 24 August 2001. Retrieved 21 October 2010. 
  7. ^ "Setback in Hamilton-Auckland commuter train dream, Greens say". Stuff (Fairfax Media). 1 July 2015. 
  8. ^ LEAMAN, AARON (11 May 2011). "Strand rail link 'best'". Waikato Times. Hamilton: Fairfax New Zealand. Retrieved 12 May 2011. 
  9. ^ "Council Decision on Hamilton to Auckland Passenger Rail Proposal" (PDF). Waikato Regional Council. 10 November 2011. 
  10. ^ "Tuakau rail service gets shunted". Stuff. Retrieved 2016-10-18. 
  11. ^ "Bridges backs commuter rail". Stuff. Retrieved 2016-10-18. 
  12. ^ "Regional council committee supports fresh look at commuter rail". Waikato Regional Council. Retrieved 2017-05-16. 
  13. ^ "Agenda for a meeting of the Infrastructure Committee - 5.9 Hamilton to Auckland Passenger Rail – Progress Update and Future Direction" (PDF). Waikato District Council. 27 June 2017. 
  14. ^ "Inclusion of an Interim Hamilton to Auckland Passenger Rail Service in the 2018 -2028 Long Term Plan" (PDF). Waikato Regional Council. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2018-01-31. 
  15. ^ "North Waikato Public Transport Network Review Implementation" (PDF). Waikato Regional Council. January 2018. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2018-01-31. 
  16. ^ "Agenda for a meeting of the Infrastructure Committee on TUESDAY 28 NOVEMBER 2017" (PDF). Waikato District Council. 
  17. ^ "Auckland Transport Alignment Project" (PDF). Auckland Council. April 2018. 
  18. ^ "Government Policy Statement on Land Transport 2018/19–2027/28" (PDF). March 2018. 
  19. ^ "Regional Rapid Rail - Hamilton Central Station - Greater Auckland". Greater Auckland. 2018-04-03. Retrieved 2018-05-06. 
  20. ^ "Commuter rail from Auckland to Hamilton". Stuff (Fairfax). 21 August 2017. 
  21. ^ "Commuter rail from Auckland to Hamilton, Tauranga for $20 million". Stuff (Fairfax). 17 August 2017. 
  22. ^ "Advocates put pressure on for a better rail service". Stuff (Fairfax). 11 May 2018. 
  23. ^ "https://www.stuff.co.nz/national/politics/105542229/Labour MP Jamie Strange confident Hamilton-Auckland commuter train cash coming". Stuff (Fairfax). 18 July 2018.  External link in |title= (help)
  24. ^ "Late Transport Papers S-P" (PDF). Waikato Regional Council. 7 August 2018.