Ron Stanley Mark is a New Zealand politician of the New Zealand First party, former soldier serving as Minister of Defence since October 2017. He is the former mayor of Wairarapa. Born in Carterton in 1954, Mark was educated at Tararua College. Before entering politics, he served in the New Zealand Army, his first unit was the Royal New Zealand Electrical and Mechanical Engineers before moving to 2/1 Battalion, 3 and 10 Tpt Regiments and Queen Alexandra's Mounted Rifles before passing New Zealand Special Air Service selection. Mark served a 13-month tour of duty in the Sinai with Observers. After being refused entry into the NZSAS he joined the Sultan of Oman's Armed Forces becoming an electrical and mechanical engineering officer in the Sultan of Oman's Special Forces. In the 1993 election he was the Labour candidate for the Selwyn electorate, he was involved in the discussions about the formation of the New Zealand Democratic Coalition. When these failed, he joined New Zealand First, he was a list MP from the 1996 election until his party's failure to retain any seats in the 2008 election.
During the coalition between New Zealand First and the National Party, he was the government's Senior Whip. The New Zealand television channel TV3 was banned for three days from filming in Parliament in August 2006 for showing Mark giving the finger to another MP. In 2009, Mark told media that while he still had a subscription with New Zealand First, he was "not active", that he would not rule out standing for Parliament with another party. In 2010 he was elected Mayor of Carterton in the Wairarapa, he succeeded outspoken mayor Gary McPhee. In the 2013 local elections, Mark was returned as mayor unopposed. In August 2014 it was announced that Ron Mark would return as a New Zealand First MP. On 3 July 2015, he replaced Tracey Martin as deputy leader of New Zealand First. Following the 2017 election, Mark was appointed Minister of Defence and Veterans following the formation of a coalition government consisting of the Labour Party, New Zealand First, the Green Party. Mark was succeeded as New Zealand First deputy leader by Fletcher Tabuteau on 27 February 2018.
Married to Gail Mark, née Berry, he has five children and eleven grandchildren
Harewood, New Zealand
Harewood is a suburb of Christchurch, New Zealand. It is north-west of the city centre, it had a population of 3,234 in the 2006 census, an increase of 477 since 2001. State Highway 1 separates the land use. Commercial use can be found to the west of SH1, whilst residential use is predominant east of SH1. Christchurch International Airport is located in this suburb. North of SH1, where the airport is located, many freight companies are located. You can hire camper vans and find other airport related services, e.g. hotels. The International Antarctic Centre has a visitor centre and it is a major tourist attraction; the median income of Harewood residents aged 15 or more was $25,500 per annum, $2,000 more than the median income for the whole Canterbury region
1996 New Zealand general election
The 1996 New Zealand general election was held on 12 October 1996 to determine the composition of the 45th New Zealand Parliament. It was notable for being the first election to be held under the new mixed-member proportional electoral system, produced a parliament more diverse than previous elections, it saw the National Party, led by Jim Bolger, retain its position in government, but only after protracted negotiations with the smaller New Zealand First party to form a coalition. New Zealand First's position as "kingmaker", able to place either of the two major parties into government, was a significant election outcome. In the 1993 election, the National Party and the Labour Party had won 45 seats, respectively; the Alliance and the New Zealand First party had each won two seats. In the approach to MMP, there had been considerable rearrangement in parliament, with three new parties being established; as such, the situation just before the 1996 election was markedly different from the situation, established at the 1993 election.
The 1996 election was notable for the significant change of electorate boundaries, based on the provisions of the Electoral Act 1993. Because of the introduction of the MMP electoral system, the number of electorates had to be reduced, leading to significant changes. Many electorates were abolished, with their territories being incorporated into new electoral districts. More than half of the electorates contested in 1996 were newly constituted, most of the remainder had seen significant boundary changes. Wanganui was renamed as Whanganui. In total, 73 electorates were abolished, 29 electorates were newly created, 10 electorates were recreated, giving a net loss of 34 electorates. South IslandSince the 1967 electoral redistribution, the South Island had its number of general electorates fixed at 25. For the 1996 election and onwards, the number of South Island electorates is fixed at 16; the number of electors on the general roll of the South Island divided by 16 gives the target size for North Island and Māori electorates.
The electorates of Avon, Christchurch North, Dunedin West, Lyttelton, Rangiora, Selwyn, St Albans, St Kilda, Tasman, Waitaki, West Coast, Yaldhurst were abolished in the South Island. Six existing electorates were kept. Seven electorates were newly formed. Three electorates were recreated. North IslandBased on the calculation described above, the target size for North Island electorates resulted in 44 of them being required; the electorates of Birkenhead, East Coast Bays, Eastern Bay of Plenty, Eastern Hutt, Far North, Gisborne, Hastings, Hawkes Bay, Heretaunga, Horowhenua, Island Bay, Kaipara, King Country, Matakana, Miramar, Mt Albert, Onslow, Pahiatua, Papakura, Pencarrow, Raglan, Roskill, Tarawera, Te Atatu, Tongariro, Waikato, Waitotara, Wellington-Karori, Western Hutt were abolished in the North Island. Twenty existing electorates were kept. Seventeen electorates were newly formed. Eight electorates were recreated. Māori electoratesAll; the calculation described above resulted in five Māori electorates being required.
List seatsThe House of Representatives was to have 120 seats, of which 65 were filled through electorate MPs. This left 55 list seats to be filled. An outcome of the election was; the date of the 1996 election was 12 October. Of the 2,418,587 people registered to vote, 88.3% turned out to vote. The turnout was a slight improvement on the previous two elections, but still lower than what would have been expected during the 1980s; the number of seats being contested was 120, an increase of 21 from the previous election, but as 55 of the new seats were for list candidates, the number of electorates was reduced and many electorates had their boundaries amended or were abolished. While the number of general electorates decreased from 95 to 60, the number of Māori electorates increased from 4 to 5. In the election 842 candidates stood, there were 21 registered parties with party lists. Of the candidates, 459 were electorate and list, 152 were electorate only, 231 were list only. 73 % of candidates were 27 % female.
The 1996 election saw a victory for the governing National Party, which won ar
Rangiora is the largest town and seat of the Waimakariri District, in Canterbury, New Zealand. It is 29 kilometres north of Christchurch, is considered a satellite town of the city. With a population of 18,300, Rangiora is the 25th largest urban area in New Zealand, the fourth-largest in the Canterbury region. Rangiora is 29 kilometres north of Christchurch's Cathedral Square or 20 minutes drive north of the Christchurch International Airport, it is close to the northern end of Canterbury's Inland Scenic Route, which skirts the inner edge of the Canterbury Plains, running southwest to Timaru via Oxford and Geraldine. The Ashley River is just to the north of the town; as of the 2013 census, the population of the urban area was 15,650. Rangiora has an Oceanic climate; the highest official temperature recorded in New Zealand was 42.4 °C at Rangiora on 7 February 1973. The town has two secondary schools, they are: Ashgrove School, a state full primary school in the north-west of the town with a roll of 523 students.
The school opened in 1967. The current principal is Christine Chadwick. Rangiora Borough School, a state full primary school in the centre of the town with a roll of 570 students; the school opened in 1873. The current principal is Alan Sutton. St Joseph's School, a state-integrated Catholic full primary school in the centre of the town with a roll of 168 students; the school opened in 1887 as a private school and integrated into the state education system in the early 1980s. The current principal is Ben Gormen. Rangiora High School, a state co-educational secondary school, which serves Rangiora and the surrounding area, with a roll of 1710 students; the school opened in 1884, the current principal is Karen Stewart. Rangiora New Life School, a state-integrated Christian Area School situated in the Rangiora suburb of Southbrook; the school opened in 1979 as a private school and integrated into the state education system in the early 1990s. A school roll of apx. 400 students and growing. The current principal is Stephen Walters.
Population growth in the Rangiora area since the mid-2000s following the 2011 Christchurch earthquake, has seen the town's primary schools start to approach capacity. Rangiora has become a gateway for local wineries, which have become popular in North Canterbury and, around Rangiora, there are a number to choose from. For more than twenty years the Rangiora Showgrounds has hosted an annual "petrol-head" show called Street Machines and Muscle Car Madness which features a large array of vehicles. Rangiora boasts New Zealand's only commercial meadery. Located just outside the town it produces mead made from pure New Zealand honey and this is exported to many countries. In 1956, Rangiora hosted New Zealand's first traction engine rally at the Rangiora Showgrounds. Eight traction engines, owned by members of the Southbrook Traction Engine Club, attended. In 2006, this notable milestone was celebrated by the arrival of visiting Burrell showman's engine Quo Vadis and accompanying carousel Gallopers Abreast from England to attend the celebrations.
Rangiora Football has undergone strong growth recently. The Mainpower Oval has hosted many national cricket matches and is used by Canterbury Country cricket as its base. Rangiora High School has produced many excellent sportspeople in rugby, netball and rowing in recent years. Former All Black captain Todd Blackadder and former Silver Fern player and Tall Fern captain Donna Loffhagen both attended Rangiora High School. Rangiora boasts two theatre companies: The North Canterbury Musical Society and The Rangiora Players. There are a number of music and drama schools based in the town, including the Hartley School of Performing Arts; the Regent Cinema, which opened in 1926, was located within the historic Rangiora Town Hall from its opening in 1926 as Everybodys' Cinema until December 2012 when the Town Hall was closed. There were screenings in the larger auditorium which hosted live shows and youth events; the studios of radio station Compass FM 104.9 are situated in Rangiora. Compass FM 104.9 is a not-for-profit community station covering the North Canterbury region of New Zealand.
From a transmitter atop Mount Grey, the station can be heard over much of North Canterbury, including the Waimakariri District, much of the Hurunui District and Selwyn District, in greater Christchurch. The Rangiora Town Hall was designed by Henry St. Aubyn Murray on the behalf of the Rangiora Borough Council, built by F. Williamson of Christchurch at a cost of ₤10,850 NZP. Construction began in 1925, the Hall was opened on 27 May 1926 by the Mayoress of the Rangiora Borough, Mrs Robina McIntosh. Seating 600, the main hall was designed to host both moving pictures, live performances from around the district; the original Rangiora Public Library was located on the first-floor along the northern frontage. The Rangiora Borough Council resolved to spend only ₤6,500 to build and furnish the hall, was obliged to loan some ₤8,000 pounds from the Christchurch Tramway Board to finance the construction of the hall, outraging residents at the prospects of having to pay increased rates; the interior furnishings were paid for using the insurance monies from the Institute Hall, burned down in 1926.
The building housed the Everybodys Theatre, from 1931 the Regent Theatre. The former ticket windows were located on either side of the main doors.
Cust, New Zealand
Cust is a rural village in the South Island of New Zealand. It comes under seat of the Waimakariri District Council, it is located 16 km east of Oxford and 17 km west of Rangiora. The town is named after Sir Edward Cust, a member of the Canterbury Association which organised European settlement of the area around 1850. Earlier names for the town were Middleton-on-the-Cust. Cust School is Cust's only school, it is a state co-educational full primary school with a decile rating of 10 and a roll of 161 students. The principal is Robert Schuyt. For more than 20 years, a metalled-road racing circuit at Cust was used as the venue for the New Zealand Grand Prix for motorcycling; the Easter event, last held in 1963, would swell the village population to 25,000. The average temperature in summer is 16.2 °C, in winter is 5.9 °C. Media related to Cust, New Zealand at Wikimedia Commons Cust village website Cust School Cust Volunteer Fire Brigade
1999 New Zealand general election
The 1999 New Zealand general election was held on 27 November 1999 to determine the composition of the 46th New Zealand Parliament. The governing National Party, led by Prime Minister Jenny Shipley, was defeated, being replaced by a coalition of Helen Clark's Labour Party and the smaller Alliance; this marked an end to nine years of National Party government, the beginning of the Fifth Labour Government of New Zealand which would govern for 9 years, until its loss to the National Party in the 2008 general election. Before the election, the National Party had an unstable hold on power. After the 1996 election National had formed a coalition with the populist New Zealand First party and its controversial leader, Winston Peters; the coalition was unpopular, as New Zealand First was seen as opposed to the National government, had made many statements in the 1996 election campaign to that effect, such as saying that only through New Zealand First could National Party be toppled, Peters said that he would not accept Jim Bolger as Prime Minister, Bill Birch as Finance Minister or Jenny Shipley in a social welfare portfolio.
NZ First's support crashed, though this was partly caused by scandals and by mid-1997, NZ First was polling at as low as 2%. National polled badly, Jim Bolger was replaced as Prime Minister with Jenny Shipley. However, the relationship between the two parties deteriorated, Peters took his party out of the coalition. A number of New Zealand First MPs deserted Peters, establishing themselves as independents or as members of newly established parties. By forming agreements with these MPs, National was able to keep itself in office, but its control was unsteady; the polls were still close, but without NZ First support, National's chances of forming a government were slim. Labour Party gained a solid lead over National; the Labour Party, in Opposition since losing the 1990 election, presented a strong challenge due to its agreement with the smaller Alliance party. The two had not enjoyed good relations due to the presence of the NewLabour Party as one of the Alliance's key members. NewLabour had been established by Jim Anderton, a former Labour MP who quit the party in protest over the economic reforms of Roger Douglas, which were blamed for Labour's election loss in 1990.
As the Labour Party withdrew from "Rogernomics", the Alliance reduced its hostility towards Labour, but it was not until shortly before the 1999 election that a formal understanding was reached regarding a possible left-wing coalition. This agreement was deemed a necessary step towards building a credible alternative to the National Party; this election was the only one in New Zealand's history to date where both main parties were led by women. The election took place on 27 November. Less than 84.1% of the 2,509,365 people registered to vote turned out for the election. This was the lowest turnout for some time. A total of 679 candidates stood for electorate seats. Party lists comprised 760 candidates from 22 parties; the new government was sworn in on 10 December. In the election 965 candidates stood, there were 22 registered parties with party lists. Of the candidates, 482 were electorate and list, 197 were electorate only, 286 were list only. 67 % of candidates were 33 % female. Labour Party won 49 seats in parliament.
When combined with the ten seats won by the Alliance, the coalition was two seats short of an absolute majority. It was able to form a new government with support from the Green Party, which entered parliament for the first time as an independent party; the Green Party's entry to parliament was by a narrow margin, however - in order to gain seats, it needed to either win 5% of the party vote or win an electorate seat, neither of which the party appeared to do. Helen Clark encouraged Labour supporters in the Coromandel to give their constituency vote to Green Party co-leader Jeanette Fitzsimons and their party vote to Labour. However, when all special votes were counted, the Greens had narrowly reached not one but both targets - Jeanette Fitzsimons won the electorate of Coramandel by 250 votes, the party gained 5.16% of the vote. The National Party, while not performing exceptionally poorly, failed to gain enough support to keep it in power, it won ten fewer than the Labour Party. ACT New Zealand, a potential coalition partner for National, gained nine seats.
While this was an increase on ACT's previous election results, it was not sufficient to enable the National Party to form a government. National's former coalition partner, New Zealand First, performed poorly, with voters punishing it for the problems in the last government; the party received less than 5% of the vote, so would have been removed from parliament had Winston Peters not retained his electorate of Tauranga, something he did by only 63 votes. None of the MPs who deserted New Zealand First were returned to parliament. In addition to the registered parties listed above, some groups participated in the election without submitting party lists. Many of these were unregistered parties, lacking the necessary membership numbers for submitting a party list. There were, three registered ones that did not, for whatever reason, submit a party list. In total, 14 parties nominated electorate candidates only. By number of votes received, the most significant parties to do this were Te Tawharau, Mana Wahine Te Ira Tangata, the Equal Rights Party (unregis
Waimakariri District is a local government district, located in the Canterbury region of New Zealand's South Island. It is named after the Waimakariri River, which forms the district's southern boundary, separating it from Christchurch City and the Selwyn District, it is bounded in the north in the east by the Pacific Ocean. The district was established on 1 April 1989 following the merger of Rangiora District and Eyre County; the district covers 2,219 square kilometres, is home to 60,700 people. Rangiora is the district seat and largest town, with other major towns including Kaiapoi, Oxford and Woodend; the current district mayor is David Ayers, who defeated incumbent mayor Ron Keating in the 2010 local body elections. The Waimakariri District lies to the north of the Waimakariri River in North Canterbury; the major urban areas are Rangiora and Kaiapoi, which are about 30 and 20 minutes travelling time by car from the centre of Christchurch City. There are other urban settlements including Woodend and Oxford, as well as a number of village and beach settlements.
The District occupies some 225,000 hectares, extends from Pegasus Bay in the east to the Puketeraki Range in the west. It is bounded to the north by the Hurunui District. In pre-European times there were several important Ngai Tahu settlements in the area now occupied by the Waimakariri District; the centre of Ngai Tahu was the pa of Taurakautahi, known as Kaiapoi. Today, the hapu Ngai Tuahuriri is based to the north of Kaiapoi. People who identify themselves as having NZ Maori ancestry presently represent 8.5% of the District’s population, most of these people live in the eastern part of the District. During the early years of European settlement, Kaiapoi developed as a river port. Rangiora was the area’s main market town, the development of Oxford was based on timber milling; the roles of the District’s main urban areas have changed during recent years as the result of the rapid population growth. During the colonial era the area was known as Courtenay, but the Maori name Waimakariri prevailed.
The township of Courtenay is today part of the Selwyn District. The name Waimakariri translates from Te Reo Māori to'cold water', referring to the snow melt source of the river in the Southern Alps. European settlement concentrated on the fertile soils of the plains; until the middle of the 20th century extensive agricultural and pastoral farming predominated. More horticultural and forestry have gained in importance. Today some 11% of the District’s labour force is now involved with agriculture and fishing; the Waimakariri District has a population of 60,700. The district has experienced a growing population, predicted to continue to increase. Despite rapid growth, Waimakariri has retained its rural/small town character and a high proportion of residents are involved in an extensive range of community and recreational organisations. At the 2013 Census, 93.8 percent of the Waimakariri District's population identified as of European ethnicity, the highest of all territorial authorities in New Zealand.
7.4 percent of the population identified as Māori, 0.8 percent as Pacific Peoples, 1.7 percent as Asian, 0.2 percent as Middle Eastern/Latin American/African, 2.1 percent as another ethnicity. A large portion of the Waimakariri District has fertile flat land, or productive rolling downs. Much of the land to the east of Rangiora is reclaimed swamp, still subject to poor drainage and occasional flooding; the north-western portion of the District is high country. These hills, including Mt Oxford, Mt Richardson, Mt Thomas and Mt Grey, dominate the District’s western landscape; the District was dominated by extensive agricultural and pastoral farming activity with few major industries. More many new small holdings have been created; the District has a few major industries. A large fibreboard plant at Sefton draws on local wood resources; the other industries are small-scale service and processing enterprises, some of which use local wood resources. The Waimakariri District has a high standard of communications.
The South Island Main Trunk Railway and State Highway 1 cross the eastern portion of the District. The District has an airfield at Rangiora, is close to the Christchurch International Airport. Telecommunications are continually being upgraded; the District offers a wide range of recreation. It has sandy beaches, river gorges and braided rivers, which offer a range of choices for fishing and rafting; the famous Waimakariri River provides opportunities to jet boat and fish, sandy beaches are nearby. The District offers the opportunity to enjoy sailing on Pegasus Lake, horse riding, farm tours and weekly farmers' markets; the foothills and mountains offer a variety of tramping experiences which complement a growing range of walking trails and formal recreational areas throughout the District. The Waimakariri District is served by 20 state and three state-integrated primary schools, as well as two area schools covering years 1–13, one in Oxford and one in Rangiora, two secondary schools: Rangiora High School and Kaiapoi High School.
Many of the primary schools are well supported by the community, an increasing number of pre-schools have begun to open in the District. Waimakariri District Council Waimakariri Tourist Information Waimakariri Business and Corporate Information