Kekaha is a census-designated place in Kauaʻi County, Hawaiʻi, United States. The population was 3,537 at the 2010 census, for most of the 20th Century, the Kekaha Sugar Mill was the centerpiece of agriculture on Kauaʻis west side. The sugar mill had an influence in Kekahas development, including banking, transportation and utilities such as water. The mill employed several generations of local families and it closed in 2000 when the entire sugar industry in Hawaiʻi collapsed. The mill was purchased in 2005 by mainland investors who sold off its heavy machinery to other mills as far away as Africa, police recovered the money in a swamp near the home of a local fisherman, whose suspicious behavior soon resulted in his arrest and conviction. The fisherman was a big fan of Western movies, and was thought to have inspired by some of the films he had seen. Kekaha is located at 21°58′18″N 159°42′59″W, according to the United States Census Bureau, the CDP has a total area of 1.2 square miles, of which,1.0 square mile of it is land and 0.2 square miles of it is water.
As of the census of 2000, there were 3,175 people,1,073 households, the population density was 3,178.2 people per square mile. There were 1,162 housing units at a density of 1,163.2 per square mile. The racial makeup of the CDP was 15. 9% White,0. 2% African American,0. 5% Native American,43. 6% Asian,12. 4% Pacific Islander,1. 0% from other races, and 26. 4% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 8. 7% of the population,21. 4% of all households were made up of individuals and 9. 4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.96 and the family size was 3.44. In the CDP the population was out with 25. 1% under the age of 18,7. 5% from 18 to 24,24. 4% from 25 to 44,27. 4% from 45 to 64. The median age was 40 years, for every 100 females there were 98.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 96.2 males, the median income for a household in the CDP was $41,103, and the median income for a family was $48,629. Males had an income of $32,969 versus $26,739 for females.
The per capita income for the CDP was $17,117, about 10. 9% of families and 11. 2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 11. 8% of those under age 18 and 11. 1% of those age 65 or over. Located near Kekaha is the U. S. Navy Pacific Missile Range Facility, within PMRFs property is located WWVH, the U. S. s Pacific-region short-wave station operated by NIST broadcasting time signals from an atomic clock
A county seat is an administrative center, seat of government, or capital city of a county or civil parish. The term is used in the United States, Romania, China, in the United Kingdom and Ireland, county towns have a similar function. In the United States, counties are the subdivisions of a state. Depending on the state, counties may provide services to the public, impose taxes. Some types of subdivisions, such as townships, may be incorporated or unincorporated. The city, town, or populated place that houses county government is known as the seat of its respective county, a county seat is usually, but not always, an incorporated municipality. The exceptions include the county seats of counties that have no incorporated municipalities within their borders, such as Arlington County, likewise, some county seats may not be incorporated in their own right, but are located within incorporated municipalities. For example, Cape May Court House, New Jersey, though unincorporated, is a section of Middle Township, in some of the colonial states, county seats include or formerly included Court House as part of their name.
Most counties have only one county seat, an example is Harrison County, which lists both Biloxi and Gulfport as county seats. The practice of multiple county seat towns dates from the days when travel was difficult, there have been few efforts to eliminate the two-seat arrangement, since a county seat is a source of pride for the towns involved. There are 36 counties with multiple county seats in 11 states, Coffee County, for example, the official county seat is Greensboro, but an additional courthouse has been located in nearby High Point since 1938. For example, Clearwater is the county seat of Pinellas County, Florida, in New England, the town, not the county, is the primary division of local government. Historically, counties in this region have served mainly as dividing lines for the judicial systems. Connecticut and Rhode Island have no county level of government and thus no county seats, in Vermont and Maine the county seats are legally designated shire towns. County government consists only of a Superior Court and Sheriff, both located in the shire town.
Bennington County has two towns, but the Sheriff is located in Bennington. In Massachusetts, most government functions which would otherwise be performed by county governments in other states are performed by town governments. As such, Massachusetts has dissolved many of its county governments, two counties in South Dakota have their county seat and government services centered in a neighboring county
Waimea River (Hawaii)
The Waimea River is a river on the island of Kauai in the U. S. state of Hawaii. At 12.1 miles in length, it is one of the longest rivers in the Hawaiian Islands and it rises in a wet plateau of the islands central highlands, in the Alakai Swamp, the largest high-elevation swamp in the world. It flows south, passing through the spectactular 3, 000-foot-deep Waimea Canyon, the valleys of the Waimea River and its tributary, the Makaweli River, were once heavily populated. It enters the Pacific Ocean at Waimea, near the 1778 landing place of Captain Cook on Kauai, geology of the Waimea Canyon Area
Mary Kawena Pukui
Mary Abigail Kawenaʻulaokalaniahiʻiakaikapoliopelekawahineʻaihonuaināleilehuaapele Wiggin Pukui, known as Kawena, was a Hawaiian scholar, dancer and educator. She was born in the Kaʻū district of the Island of Hawaiʻi, to Mary Paʻahana Kanakaʻole, in the traditional custom of hānai, she was initially reared by her mother’s parents. Her great grandmother Keliʻipaʻahana was a kahuna pule in the Pele line, keliiPaahanas parents were the High Chief KU or Kauhi and High Chiefess Naai Hunalii. KeliiPaahana was interned in Halemaumau in 1869 in the Kau district and she married the High Chief KeliiKanakaole the son of King Kamehameha I and Queen Wahinepio known as Ka haku haakoi of the Piilani and Liloa line. Family is known to inherit the sacred Alii Moe Kapu, upon the death of her grandmother Nalii Poai moku she returned to live with her parents and spoke both Hawaiian and English. She was educated in the Hawaiian Mission Academy, and taught Hawaiiana at Punahou School, Pukui was fluent in the Hawaiian language, and from the age of 15 collected and translated folk tales and sayings.
She worked at the Bernice P. Bishop Museum from 1938–1961 as an ethnological assistant and she taught Hawaiian to several scholars and served as informant for numerous anthropologists. She published more than 50 scholarly works and she is the co-author of the definitive Hawaiian-English Dictionary, Place Names of Hawaii, and The Echo of Our Song, a translation of old chants and songs. Her book, ʻŌlelo Noʻeau, contains nearly 3,000 examples of Hawaiian proverbs and poetical sayings, the two-volume set Nānā i ke Kumu, Look to the Source, is an invaluable resource on Hawaiian customs and traditions. She was a chanter and hula expert, and wrote lyrics and she is often credited with making the Hawaiian Renaissance of the 1970s possible. She was named a Living Treasure of Hawaii by the Honpa Hongwanji Mission of Hawaiʻi in 1977, in 1995 she was inducted into the Hawaiian Music Hall of Fame. In order of first publication,1933, Hawaiian Folk Tales, honolulu, HI, University Press of Hawaii. »Partial preview of Place Names of Hawaii,1972, Nānā i ke Kumu, Look to the Source, Vols.
1 and 2, with Haertig and Lee 1972, Native Planters in Old Hawaii, Their Life, honolulu, Bishop Museum Press, Revised edition. Elbert, Samuel H, Pūkui, Mary Kawena, honolulu, HI, University of Hawaii Press. Honolulu, HI, University of Hawaii Press, Mary Kawena, Samuel H, Esther T. Nishizawa, Yū. Honolulu, HI, University of Hawaii Press, Mary Kawena, Samuel H, Esther T. Nishizawa, Yu Mapuana. New Pocket Hawaiian Dictionary with a Concise Grammars and Given Names in Hawaiian, honolulu, HI, University of Hawaii Press
Kauai County, Hawaii
Kauaʻi County is a county located in the U. S. state of Hawaiʻi. It consists of the islands of Kauaʻi, Niʻihau, Lehua, as of the 2010 Census the population was 67,091. The Kapaa Micropolitan Statistical Area includes all of Kauai County, according to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 1,266 square miles, of which 620 square miles is land and 646 square miles is water. The Pacific Ocean surrounds the county, executive authority is vested in the Mayor of Kauaʻi, elected by the voters on a non-partisan basis to a four-year term. Legislative authority is vested in the seven-member County Council, all members of the County Council are elected on a non-partisan, at-large basis to two-year terms. Kauai County, like the rest of Hawaii, is represented entirely by Democrats in both the United States Senate and the United States House of Representatives, Kauai County has traditionally been a solid Democratic stronghold. The county has not voted Republican since the 1984 election, when it voted in favour of Ronald Reagan.
As of the census of 2000, there were 58,463 people,20,183 households, the population density was 94 people per square mile. There were 25,331 housing units at a density of 41 per square mile. The racial makeup of the county was 29. 5% White,0. 3% Black or African American,0. 4% Native American,36. 0% Asian,9. 1% Pacific Islander,0. 9% from other races, and 23. 8% from two or more races. 8. 2% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race,21. 4% of all households were made up of individuals and 7. 7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.87 and the family size was 3.34. In the county, the population was out with 26. 4% under the age of 18,7. 1% from 18 to 24,27. 2% from 25 to 44,25. 5% from 45 to 64. The median age was 38 years, for every 100 females there were 100.10 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 97.50 males, one of the ten branches of the University of Hawaii system, it offers a range of 2-year degrees and is accredited by the Western Association of Schools and Colleges.
Public schools in the county are operated by the Hawaii Department of Education, There are 14 elementary schools,4 middle schools and 3 high schools in the county. Lihue Airport serves the island of Kauai, Bus service is provided by The Kauai Bus. Route 50 Route 51 Route 56 Route 58 Route 520 Route 540 Route 550 Route 570 Route 580 Route 581 Route 583 There are no incorporated communities in Kauai County
United States Census Bureau
The United States Census Bureau is a principal agency of the U. S. Federal Statistical System, responsible for producing data about the American people and economy. The Census Bureaus primary mission is conducting the U. S. Census every ten years, in addition to the decennial census, the Census Bureau continually conducts dozens of other censuses and surveys, including the American Community Survey, the U. S. Economic Census, and the Current Population Survey, furthermore and foreign trade indicators released by the federal government typically contain data produced by the Census Bureau. The Bureaus various censuses and surveys help allocate over $400 billion in federal funds every year and help states, local communities, the Census Bureau is part of the U. S. Department of Commerce and its director is appointed by the President of the United States. The Census Bureau now conducts a population count every 10 years in years ending with a 0. Between censuses, the Census Bureau makes population estimates and projections, the Census Bureau is mandated with fulfilling these obligations, the collecting of statistics about the nation, its people, and economy.
The Census Bureaus legal authority is codified in Title 13 of the United States Code, the Census Bureau conducts surveys on behalf of various federal government and local government agencies on topics such as employment, health, consumer expenditures, and housing. Within the bureau, these are known as surveys and are conducted perpetually between and during decennial population counts. The Census Bureau conducts surveys of manufacturing, service. Between 1790 and 1840, the census was taken by marshals of the judicial districts, the Census Act of 1840 established a central office which became known as the Census Office. Several acts followed that revised and authorized new censuses, typically at the 10-year intervals, in 1902, the temporary Census Office was moved under the Department of Interior, and in 1903 it was renamed the Census Bureau under the new Department of Commerce and Labor. The department was intended to consolidate overlapping statistical agencies, but Census Bureau officials were hindered by their role in the department.
An act in 1920 changed the date and authorized manufacturing censuses every 2 years, in 1929, a bill was passed mandating the House of Representatives be reapportioned based on the results of the 1930 Census. In 1954, various acts were codified into Title 13 of the US Code, by law, the Census Bureau must count everyone and submit state population totals to the U. S. President by December 31 of any year ending in a zero. States within the Union receive the results in the spring of the following year, the United States Census Bureau defines four statistical regions, with nine divisions. The Census Bureau regions are widely used. for data collection, the Census Bureau definition is pervasive. Title 13 of the U. S. Code establishes penalties for the disclosure of this information, all Census employees must sign an affidavit of non-disclosure prior to employment. The Bureau cannot share responses, addresses or personal information with anyone including United States or foreign government, only after 72 years does the information collected become available to other agencies or the general public
2010 United States Census
The 2010 United States Census, is the twenty-third and currently most recent United States national census. National Census Day, the day used for the census, was April 1,2010. As part of a drive to increase the accuracy,635,000 temporary enumerators were hired. The population of the United States was counted as 308,745,538, as required by the United States Constitution, the U. S. census has been conducted every 10 years since 1790. The 2000 U. S. Census was the previous census completed, participation in the U. S. Census is required by law in Title 13 of the United States Code. On January 25,2010, Census Bureau Director Robert Groves personally inaugurated the 2010 Census enumeration by counting World War II veteran Clifton Jackson, more than 120 million census forms were delivered by the U. S. Post Office beginning March 15,2010, the number of forms mailed out or hand-delivered by the Census Bureau was approximately 134 million on April 1,2010. The 2010 Census national mail participation rate was 74%, from April through July 2010, census takers visited households that did not return a form, an operation called non-response follow-up.
In December 2010, the Census Bureau delivered population information to the president for apportionment, personally identifiable information will be available in 2082. The Census Bureau did not use a form for the 2010 Census. In several previous censuses, one in six households received this long form, the 2010 Census used only a short form asking ten basic questions, How many people were living or staying in this house, apartment, or mobile home on April 1,2010. Were there any additional people staying here on April 1,2010 that you did not include in Question 1, mark all that apply, Is this house, apartment, or mobile home – What is your telephone number. What is Person 1s age and Person 1s date of birth, is Person 1 of Hispanic, Latino, or Spanish origin. Does Person 1 sometimes live or stay somewhere else, the form included space to repeat some or all of these questions for up to twelve residents total. In contrast to the 2000 census, an Internet response option was not offered, detailed socioeconomic information collected during past censuses will continue to be collected through the American Community Survey.
The survey provides data about communities in the United States on a 1-year or 3-year cycle, depending on the size of the community, rather than once every 10 years. A small percentage of the population on a basis will receive the survey each year. In June 2009, the U. S. Census Bureau announced that it would count same-sex married couples, the final form did not contain a separate same-sex married couple option
Pakala Village, Hawaii
Pākalā Village is a census-designated place in Kauaʻi County, Hawaiʻi, United States. The population was 294 at the 2010 census, pākalā Village is called Pakala Camp, named for the temporary living quarters of plantation workers. ). Pakala Camp consisted of employee and retiree housing for workers at the Gay & Robinson sugarcane plantation in the ahupuaʻa of Makaweli, the plantation was managed by the Robinson family of Kauai and Niihau, who first arrived in Hawaii in 1863. Pākalā Village is located at 21°56′36″N 159°38′52″W, according to the United States Census Bureau, the CDP has a total area of 2.6 square miles, of which,2.3 square miles of it is land and 0.3 square miles of it is water. As of the census of 2000, there were 478 people,150 households, the population density was 204.7 people per square mile. There were 172 housing units at a density of 73.6 per square mile. The racial makeup of the CDP was 14% White, <1% African American, 37% Asian, 26% Pacific Islander, <1% from other races, hispanic or Latino of any race were 6% of the population. 18% of all households were made up of individuals and 15% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older, the average household size was 3.19 and the average family size was 3.66.
In the CDP the population was out with 29% under the age of 18, 6% from 18 to 24, 21% from 25 to 44, 22% from 45 to 64. The median age was 41 years, for every 100 females there were 115.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 102.4 males, the median income for a household in the CDP was $24,464, and the median income for a family was $29,000. Males had an income of $21,875 versus $14,750 for females. The per capita income for the CDP was $9,846, about 33% of families and 44% of the population were below the poverty line, including 69% of those under age 18 and 26% of those age 65 or over
Hanalei is a census-designated place in Kauaʻi County, Hawaiʻi, United States. The population was 450 at the 2010 census, Hanalei means lei making in Hawaiian. Alternatively, the name Hanalei means crescent bay and may be indicative of the shape of Hanalei Bay, Hanalei is located at 22°12′24″N 159°30′3″W, near the mouth of the Hanalei River on the north shore of the island of Kauai. According to the United States Census Bureau, the CDP has an area of 0.8 square miles. The total area is 20. 73% water, in the early 19th century the Imperial Russians were present here. In 1815 the German physician and agent of the Russian-American Company, Georg Anton Schäffer, came to the Hawaiian islands to retrieve goods seized by Kaumualiʻi, chief of Kauai island. On arrival he became involved with internal Hawaiian politics, and Kaumualiʻi planning and manipulating to reclaim his own kingdom of Kauai from Kamehameha I with the help of the Russian Empire, Kaumualiʻi signed a treaty granting Tsar Alexander I protectorate over Kauai.
Briefly in 1817, Fort Elizabeth, near the Waimea River, at the 2000 census, there were 478 people,193 households and 115 families residing in the CDP. The population density was 736.7 per square mile, there were 303 housing units at an average density of 467.0 per square mile. The racial makeup of the CDP was 57% White, 18% Asian, 3% Pacific Islander, <1% from other races, hispanic or Latino of any race were 4. 81% of the population. 31% of all households were made up of individuals and 6. 2% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older, the average household size was 2.48 and the average family size is 3.10. 24% of the population were under the age of 18, 7% from 18 to 24, 27% from 25 to 44, 30% from 45 to 64, the median age was 40 years. For every 100 females there were 99.2 males, for every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 102.8 males. The median household income was $34,375, and the family income was $55,750. Males had an income of $31,500 versus $28,500 for females.
The per capita income for the CDP was $21,241, about 22% of families and 25% of the population were below the poverty line, including 33% of those under the age of 18 and none of those 65 and older. Hanalei was the backdrop of film productions, such as the 1958 musical film South Pacific. Scenes were filmed in the town itself and at Lumahai Beach to the west of Hanalei, the cliffs on the side of the beach are said to look like a dragon