Waka is a type of poetry in classical Japanese literature. Waka are composed in Japanese, are contrasted with poetry composed by Japanese poets in Classical Chinese, which are known as kanshi. Although waka in modern Japanese is written as 和歌, in the past it was written as 倭歌, a variant name is yamato-uta; the word waka has two different but related meanings: the original meaning was "poetry in Japanese" and encompassed several genres such as chōka and sedōka. Up to and during the compilation of the Man'yōshū in the eighth century, the word waka was a general term for poetry composed in Japanese, included several genres such as tanka, chōka, bussokusekika and sedōka. However, by the time of the Kokinshū's compilation at the beginning of the tenth century, all of these forms except for the tanka and chōka had gone extinct, chōka had diminished in prominence; as a result, the word waka became synonymous with tanka, the word tanka fell out of use until it was revived at the end of the nineteenth century.
Tanka consist of five lines of 5-7-5-7-7 on or syllabic units. Therefore, tanka is sometimes called meaning it contains 31 syllables in total. The term waka encompassed a number of differing forms, principally tanka and chōka, but including bussokusekika, sedōka and katauta; these last three forms, fell into disuse at the beginning of the Heian period, chōka vanished soon afterwards. Thus, the term waka came in time to refer only to tanka. Chōka consist of 5-7 on phrases repeated at least twice, conclude with a 5-7-7 ending The briefest chōka documented is Man'yōshū no. 802, of a pattern 5-7 5-7 5-7 5-7-7. It was composed by Yamanoue no Okura in the Nara period and runs: The chōka above is followed by an envoi in tanka form written by Okura: In the early Heian period, chōka was written and tanka became the main form of waka. Since the generic term waka came to be synonymous with tanka. Famous examples of such works are the diaries of Ki no Tsurayuki and Izumi Shikibu, as well as such collections of poem tales as The Tales of Ise and The Tales of Yamato.
Lesser forms of waka featured in the Man'yōshū and other ancient sources exist. Besides that, there were many other forms like: Bussokusekika: This form carved on a slab of slate – the "Buddha footprint" or bussokuseki – at the Yakushi-ji temple in Nara. Recorded in the Man'yōshū; the pattern is 5-7-5-7-7-7. Sedōka: The Man'yōshū and Kokinshū recorded this form; the pattern is 5-7-7-5-7-7. Katauta: The Man'yōshū recorded this form. Katauta means "half-poem"; the pattern is 5-7-7. Waka has a long history, first recorded in the early 8th century in the Kojiki and Man'yōshū. Under influence from other genres such as kanshi and stories such as Tale of Genji and Western poetry, it developed broadening its repertoire of expression and topics. In literary historian Donald Keene's books, he uses four large categories: Early and Heian Literature The Middle Ages Pre-Modern Era Modern Era; the most ancient waka were recorded in the historical record the Kojiki and the 20 volumes of the Man'yōshū, the oldest surviving waka anthology.
The editor of the Man'yōshū is anonymous, but it is believed that the final editor was Ōtomo no Yakamochi. He was a waka poet; the first waka of volume 1 was by Emperor Ōjin. Nukata no Ōkimi, Kakinomoto no Hitomaro, Yamabe no Akahito, Yamanoue no Okura, Ōtomo no Tabito and his son Yakamochi were the greatest poets in this anthology; the Man'yōshū recorded not only the works of the royalty and nobility, but works of soldiers and farmers whose names were not recorded. The main topics of the Man'yōshū were love and other miscellaneous topics. Early songsSongs and poetry in the Kojiki and the Nihon ShokiThe Man'yōshū During the Nara period and the early Heian period, the court favored Chinese-style poetry and the waka art form fell out of official favor, but in the 9th century, Japan stopped sending official envoys to Tang dynasty China. This severing of ties, combined with Japan's geographic isolation forced the court to cultivate native talent and look inward, synthesizing Chinese poetic styles and techniques with local traditions.
The waka form again began flourishing and Emperor Daigo ordered the creation of an anthology of waka. where the waka of ancient poets and their contemporaries were collected and the anthology named "Kokin Wakashū", meaning Collection of Ancient and Modern Japanese Poems. It was presented to the emperor in 905; this was the first waka anthology edited and issued under imperial auspices, it commenced a long and distinguished tradition of imperial anthologies of waka that continued up to the Muromachi period. Rise of Japanese national cultureThe first three chokusenshūThe first three imperially-commissioned waka anthologies were the Kokin Wakashū, the Gosen Waka
The May Department Stores Company was an American department store holding company headquartered in downtown St. Louis, Missouri, it was founded in Leadville, Colorado, by David May in 1877, moving to St. Louis in 1905. After many changes in the retail industry, the company merged with Federated Department Stores in 2005; this company was only a holding company that bought and merged regional department stores, such as Foley's and L. S. Ayres. During most of its history, the operations of the various divisions were kept separate and had their own buyers and credit cards; the latter were not accepted at other May-owned stores. At times, two different May's stores operated in the same geographical market, but they were aimed at different customers. Most decisions for each of the regional store companies were made by management at the local headquarters and not by the holding company in St. Louis; some of the regional stores shared names that were similar to the parent company, such as Los Angeles-based May Company California.
All it had in common with the parent was that these stores were headed by a different member of the May family as the president of their respective regional store chain. They were separate legal entities. In 1877, The May Department Stores Company was founded in Leadville during the Colorado silver rush. In 1889, the headquarters moved to Denver. In 1899, May acquires the E. R. Hull & Dutton Co. of Cleveland, renaming it The May Company, Cleveland named the May Company Ohio. In 1905, the headquarters moved to St. Louis. In 1910, the business was incorporated as The May Department Stores Company. In 1911: The Famous Clothing Store and The William Barr Dry Goods Company merged to create Famous-Barr. In 1912, May acquires the M. O'Neil Co. department store of Ohio. In 1923, May acquires A. Hamburger & Sons Co. in Los Angeles and renames it May Company California. In 1946, May acquires the Kaufmann's chain based in Pittsburgh. In 1947, May acquires Strouss-Hirshberg Co. based in Youngstown, retaining it as a separate division and changing the name to Strouss.
In 1956, May acquires The Daniels & Fisher Company of Denver, merging it with May stores in the area to create a new May-Daniels & Fisher division. In 1958, May acquires the Cohen Brothers Department Store in Jacksonville, turning it into the May Cohens chain. In 1959, May acquires The Hecht Company of Baltimore. In 1965, May acquires G. Co.. In 1966, May acquires the Meier & Frank chain based in Portland, adding it as a new division. David's grandson Morton May headed the company for 16 years. Morton May was a patron of the St. Louis Art Museum. In 1968, Venture Stores was founded when Target co-founder John F. Geisse went to work for May Department Stores. Under an antitrust settlement reached with the Department of Justice, May was unable to acquire any more retail chains at the time, the department store company needed a way to compete against the emerging discount store chains. In August 1978, May sold the 70-store Consumers chain of catalog merchants to the Canadian Consumers Distributing.
It closed its stores in 1996. In 1986, May acquires the Associated Dry Goods holding company and its chains, the largest-ever retail acquisition in history at that time. In 1988, May acquires Filene's in Boston from Federated Department Stores. In 1993, May Company California and JW Robinsons merged to form Robinsons-May. In 1995, May acquires the John Wanamaker chain based in Philadelphia. In 1996, May acquires the Strawbridge's chain based in Philadelphia. In 1998, May acquires The Jones Store chain based in Missouri. In 1999, May acquires Zions Cooperative Mercantile Institution based in Salt Lake City, folding it into the Meier & Frank subsidiary. In 2000, May Department Stores purchases David's Bridal. In 2004, May Department Stores takes over the Marshall Field's chain from Target Corporation. In 2005, May is purchased by Federated Department Stores for $11 billion in stock, with all former May divisions being folded into Federated's various Macy's branches. In 2006, over 400 former May stores, with their wide variety of long-standing brand names, are consolidated and renamed as Macy's.
In addition, Federated sells off three former May chains. On February 28, 2005, Federated Department Stores, Inc. announced that they would acquire the May company for $11 billion. To help finance the May Company deal, Federated agreed to sell its combined proprietary credit card business to Citigroup; the merger was completed on August 30, 2005 after an assurance agreement was reached with the State Attorneys General of New York, Massachusetts and Pennsylvania. By September 2006, all of the May regional nameplates, except for the Lord & Taylor chain, ceased to exist as Federated consolidated its operations under the Macy's mastheads including the stores most famous names Marshall Field's, Filene's, Kaufmann's, as well as the last nameplate to still have the May name. All locations that were not sold off were rebranded as Macy's, except for one Hecht's location in Friendship Heights; that was rebranded as Bloomingdale's. In advance of the retail consolidation, May's credit call center in Lorain, ceased operations on July 1, 2006.
Lord & Taylor, the lone department store division not to be converted to the Macy's nameplate, was sold to a group of investors at NRDC Equity Partners, LLC for $1.2 billion in October 2006. David's Bridal and After Hours Formalwear were sold in November
WMKT is a radio station licensed to Charlevoix, broadcasting a talk radio format. The station broadcasts on 1270 AM as well as an FM translator on W272CR 102.3 and streams online http://www.wmktthetalkstation.com/. The station features local programming from 7 to 10 am Eastern Time with Greg Marshall, whose first hour is played on television station WLLZ, known on the air as MY TV 12, to tie in with their My Network TV affiliation; the other WMKT local program is hosted 10 am to noon by longtime TV and radio personality Vic McCarty. The rest of the station's lineup are from syndicated sources; the station is a Fox News Radio affiliate. Michiguide.com - WMKT History Query the FCC's AM station database for WMKT Radio-Locator Information on WMKT Query Nielsen Audio's AM station database for WMKTQuery the FCC's FM station database for W272CR Radio-Locator information on W272CR
Champlain is a provincial electoral riding in the Mauricie region of Quebec, which elects members to the National Assembly of Quebec. It includes the municipalities of Saint-Stanislas, Saint-Narcisse and Sainte-Anne-de-la-Pérade and the eastern portions of the city of Trois-Rivières, its boundaries have remained the same since the 1973 election. However, the boundaries will change for the 2018 election as it will be gaining Hérouxville, Lac-aux-Sables, Notre-Dame-de-Montauban, Saint-Adelphe, Sainte-Thècle, Saint-Séverin and Saint-Tite from Laviolette, it is named after the founder of Quebec City in Samuel de Champlain. It was created for the 1867 election, an electoral district of that name existed earlier: see Champlain and Champlain. In the April 14, 2003 election there was a tie between PQ candidate Noëlla Champagne and Liberal candidate Pierre-A. Brouillette. A new election was won by Champagne by a margin of 642 votes. * Result compared to Action démocratique * Result compared to UFP Champlain, Quebec History of Canada History of Quebec Mauricie Politics of Canada Politics of Quebec Sainte-Anne-de-la-Pérade Saint-Maurice—Champlain Federal Electoral District Information Elections QuebecElection results Election results Election results Maps2011 map 2001 map 2001–2011 changes 1992–2001 changes Electoral map of Mauricie region Quebec electoral map, 2011
Dormagen Chempark station is a station in the town of Dormagen in the German state of North Rhine-Westphalia. Chemiepark Dormagen is the location of a large Bayer works; the station is on the Lower Left Rhine Railway and it is classified by Deutsche Bahn as a category 6 station. The station was opened during World War I as Hackenbroich, it was reopened in 1948 and was renamed Dormagen Bayerwerk between 1954 and 1957. It was renamed Dormagen Chempark on 15 December 2013; the station is served by line S 11 of the Rhine-Ruhr S-Bahn, running between Düsseldorf Airport and Bergisch Gladbach every 20 minutes during the day. Leverkusen Chempark station Krefeld-Hohenbudberg Chempark station
Glitter Grass from the Nashwood Hollyville Strings is an album by John Hartford, Doug Dillard, Rodney Dillard, released in 1977. Glitter Grass was reissued on CD in 1992 along with Permanent Wave on the Flying Fish label. "Don't Come Rollin'" – 2:13 "Cross the Border Line" – 2:16 "Two Hits and the Joint Turned Brown" – 3:12 "Don't Lead Me On" – 2:48 "Bear Creek Hop" – 1:54 "No End of Love" – 4:11 "Biggest Whatever" – 3:18 "Lost in a World" – 3:05 "High Dad in the Morning" – 2:45 "California is Nicer Than You" – 3:23 "Artificial Limitations" – 2:27 "Get No Better" – 3:27 Rodney Dillard – vocals, guitar Doug Dillard – vocals, guitar John Hartford – vocals, fiddle, guitar Sam Bush – mandolin Jim Colvard – guitar Mac Cridlin – bass Linda Dillard – vocals Buddy Emmons – dobro, pedal steel guitar, harmony vocals Amos Garrett – guitar Jeff Gilkenson – harmonica, cello Kenny Malone – drums, percussion Scott Mathews – drums Michael Melford – mandolin, harmony vocals Hargus "Pig" Robbins – piano, keyboards Greg Selker – marimba Philip Aaberg – synthesizer, clavinet Samm Bennett – conga Henry Strzelecki – bass Laura Creamer – vocals Ginger Blake – vocals Benny Martin – harmony vocals Pepper Watkins – harmony vocalsProduction notes: Michael Melford – producer Ernie Winfrey – engineer Allen Sudduth – engineer LP Discography of John Hartford