Bay is a hair coat color of horses, characterized by a brown body color with a black mane, ear edges, lower legs. Bay is one of the most common coat colors in many horse breeds; the black areas of a bay horse's hair coat are called "black points", without them, a horse cannot be considered a bay horse. Black points may sometimes be covered by white markings. Bay horses have dark skin, except under white markings -. Genetically, bay occurs when a horse carries both a black base coat; the addition of other genes creates many additional coat colors. While the basic concepts behind bay coloring are simple, the genes themselves and the mechanisms that cause shade variations within the bay family are quite complex and, at times, disputed; the genetics of dark shades of bay are still under study. A DNA test said to detect the seal brown allele was developed, but subsequently pulled from the market. Sooty genetics appear to darken some horses' bay coats, that genetic mechanism is yet to be understood. Bay horses range in color from a light copper red, to a rich red blood bay to a dark red or brown called dark bay, mahogany bay, black-bay, or brown.
The dark, brown shades of bay are referred to in other languages by words meaning "black-and-tan." Dark bays/browns may be so dark as to have nearly black coats, with brownish-red hairs visible only under the eyes, around the muzzle, behind the elbow, in front of the stifle. Dark bay should not be confused with "Liver" chestnut, a dark brown color, but a liver chestnut has a brown mane and legs, no black points; the pigment in a bay horse's coat, regardless of shade, is rich and saturated. This makes bays lustrous in the sun if properly cared for; some bay horses exhibit dappling, caused by textured, concentric rings within the coat. Dapples on a bay horse suggest good condition and care, though many well-cared for horses never dapple; the tendency to dapple may be, to some extent, genetic. Bays have a two-toned hair shaft, which, if shaved too may cause the horse to appear several shades lighter, a somewhat dull orange-gold like a dun. However, as the hair grows out, it will darken again to the proper shade.
This phenomenon is part of bay color genetics, but not seen in darker shades of bay because there is less red in the hair shaft. There are many terms that are used to describe particular qualities of a bay coat; some shade variations can be related to nutrition and grooming, but most appear to be caused by inherited factors not yet understood. The palest shades, which lack specific English terminology found in other languages, are called wild bays. Wild bays are true bays with pigmented reddish coat color and black manes and tails, but the black points only extend up to the pastern or fetlock. Wild bay is found in conjunction with a trait called "pangare" that produces pale color on the underbelly and soft areas, such as near the stifle and around the muzzle. Bay horses have black skin and dark eyes, except for the skin under markings, pink. Skin color can help an observer distinguish between a bay horse with white markings and a horse which resembles bay but is not; some breed registries use the term "brown" to describe dark bays.
However, "liver" chestnuts, horses with a red or brown mane and tail as well as a dark brownish body coat, are sometimes called "brown" in some colloquial contexts. Therefore, "brown" can be an ambiguous term for describing horse coat color, it is clearer to refer to dark-colored horses as dark bays or liver chestnuts. However, to further complicate matters, the genetics that lead to darker coat colors are under study, there exists more than one genetic mechanism that darkens the coat color. One is a theorized sooty gene; the other is a specific allele of Agouti linked to a certain type of dark bay, called seal brown. The seal brown horse has dark brown body and lighter areas around the eyes, the muzzle, flanks. A DNA test said to detect the seal brown allele was developed, but the test was never subjected to peer review and due to unreliable results was subsequently pulled from the market; some foals are born bay, but carry the dominant gene for graying, thus will turn gray as they mature until their hair coat is white.
Foals that are going to become gray must have one parent, gray. Some foals may be born with a few white hairs visible around the eyes and other fine-haired, thin-skinned areas, but others may not show signs of graying until they are several months old. Chestnuts, sometimes called "Sorrels," have a reddish body coat similar to a bay, but no black points, their legs and ear edges are the same color as the rest of their body and their manes and tails are the same shade as their body color or a few shades lighter. Black is confused with dark bays and liver chestnuts because some black horses "sunburn," that is, when kept out in the sun, they develop a bleached-out coat that looks brownish in the fine-haired areas around the flanks. However, a true black can be recognized by looking at the fine hairs around eyes; these hairs are always black on a black horse, but are reddish, brownish, or a light gold on a bay or chestnut. Traditionally, bay is considered to be one of the "hard" or "base" coat
Queen Elizabeth Stakes (ATC)
The Queen Elizabeth Stakes is an Australian Turf Club Group 1 Weight for Age Thoroughbred horse run over a distance of 2,000 metres at Randwick Racecourse, Australia, in the autumn during the ATC Championships series. Prize money in 2013 was A$500,000 and was increased to A$4,000,000 in 2014 to become the richest race of the Sydney Autumn Carnival and as of 2018 the second richest WFA race in Australia; the origins of this race are associated with colonial Sydney and the growth of thoroughbred racing in the colony during the 1840s and 1850s. The Australian Jockey Club initiated an autumn race meet which coincided with the Easter holiday period and created several races which exist today. Of these races was the Queen's Plate in honour of Queen Victoria, first run in 1851 over a distance of about 3 miles. Through the early 20th century the race continued to hold it prestige, but with the decline in long distance racing, the AJC focused on the Sydney Cup as the premier long distance event of the AJC Autumn Carnival.
By the mid 1950s the race had its distance shortened. Distance was changed several times until today's distance of 2000 metres in 1986; the ATC focused on the Queen Elizabeth Stakes as it became the A$4,000,000 signature event of a new Sydney autumn racing series called'The Championships' attracting international entries. 1851–1872 - Queen's Plate 1873–1933 - AJC Plate 1934 - AJC Kings Cup 1935–1954 - AJC Plate 1954 onwards - Queen Elizabeth StakesIn February 1954, Queen Elizabeth II visited Australia and the Australian Jockey Club named a new race in her honour. She was present at Randwick on 6 February 1954 and witnessed 33/1 long shot Blue Ocean win the race with a track record of 2 minutes 27 3⁄4 seconds for the 1 1⁄2 miles race. On the last day of the 1954 AJC Autumn Carnival was the last named race for the AJC Plate as Lancaster won the Weight for Age 2 mile race; the next year, on the last day of 1955 AJC Autumn Carnival held on 16 April 1955 the meeting, the fourth race on the card was the Queen Elizabeth Randwick Stakes over a distance of 1 3⁄4 miles.
1851–1913 - 3 miles 1914 - 1 1⁄2 miles 1915–1922 - 3 miles 1923–1927 - 2 1⁄4 miles 1928 - 1 1⁄2 miles 1929–1933 - 2 1⁄4 miles 1934 - 1 1⁄2 miles 1935–1941 - 2 1⁄4 miles 1944–1946 - 1 3⁄4 miles 1947–1953 - 2 1⁄4 miles 1954 - 1 1⁄2 miles 1954 - 2 miles 1955–1969 - 1 3⁄4 miles 1970–1971 - 1 1⁄2 miles 1972 - 1 3⁄4 miles 1973–1978 - 2400 metres 1979–1983 - 2000 metres 1984–1985 - 2400 metres 1986 onwards - 2000 metres Only Carbine, Trafalgar and Tulloch have won the race 3 times. Winx as heavy favourite won the race for a third successive time on 13 April 2019; the 19th century horse trainer Etienne L. de Mestre won the race 9 times, in 1862, 1868, 1870, 1871, 1873, 1874, 1876, 1878 and 1879. List of Australian Group races Group races Queen Elizabeth Stakes
A filly is a female horse, too young to be called a mare. There are two specific definitions in use: In most cases, a filly is a female horse under four years old. In some nations, such as the United Kingdom and the United States, the world of horse racing sets the cutoff age for fillies as five. Fillies are sexually mature by two and are sometimes bred at that age, but they should not be bred until they themselves have stopped growing by four or five; some fillies may exhibit estrus as yearlings. The equivalent term for a male is a colt; when horses of either sex are less than one year, they are referred to as foals. Horses of either sex between one and two years old may be called yearlings. Filly Triple Crown Weanling
Futurity Stakes (MRC)
The Futurity Stakes is a Melbourne Racing Club Group 1 weight-for-age Thoroughbred horse race for horses three years old and older, over a distance of 1400 metres held at Caulfield Racecourse in Melbourne, Australia, in late February. Total prize money is A$500,000. From 2006 until 2010 it was the first leg of the Asian Mile Challenge series, its distance was changed to 1600 metres; the race distance was reverted in 2011. 1898–1972 - 7 furlongs 1973–1978 - 1400 metres 1979 - 1800 metres 1989–1995 - 1400 metres 1996 - 1411 metres 1997–2005 - 1400 metres 2006–2010 - 1600 metres 2011 onwards - 1400 metres During World War II the event was held at Flemington Racecourse. In 1996 the event was held at Flemington Racecourse due to reconstruction of Caulfield Racecourse. List of Australian Group races Group races
Colin Stephen Quality Handicap
The Colin Stephen Quality Handicap is an Australian Turf Club Group 3 Thoroughbred open quality handicap horse race for horses three year old and older, over a distance of 2400 metres, held annually at Rosehill Racecourse, Australia in September. Total prize money for the race is A$160,000; the race is named for the former chairman of the Australian Jockey Club, Sir Colin Stephen, who died in 1937. This race was called the AJC Spring Stakes until 1938. In 1976, 1983, 1988 and 2006 it was known as the AJC Queens Cup. During 1989 and 1995 the race was called the AJC The Japan Trophy race. In 1977 it was the AJC Jubilee Handicap. In 2016 the event was raced as the Queen's Cup. 1870–1978 - Principal race 1979–1982 - Listed race 1983 - Group 3 1984–1986 - Listed race 1987 onwards - Group 3 1870–1871 – 13⁄4 miles 1872–1971 – 11⁄2 miles 1972–2000 - 2400 metres 2001 - 2200 metres 2002 onwards - 2400 metres 1870–1982 - Randwick Racecourse 1983 - Warwick Farm Racecourse 1984–1999 - Randwick Racecourse 2000–2001 - Warwick Farm Racecourse 2002–2003 - Randwick Racecourse 2004 - Warwick Farm Racecourse 2005–2010 - Randwick Racecourse 2011 onwards - Rosehill Racecourse The race was run at Weight for age from 1938 to 1972.
List of Australian Group races Group races
LKS Mackinnon Stakes
The Seppelt Mackinnon Stakes, registered as the LKS Mackinnon Stakes, is a Victoria Racing Club Group 1 Thoroughbred horse race run under Weight for Age conditions over a distance of 2000 metres at Flemington Racecourse in Melbourne, Australia on the last day of the Melbourne Cup Carnival, the Saturday after the Melbourne Cup. Total prize money is A$2,000,000 and $2,500 trophy; the original race was named after a former chairman of the Victoria Racing Club, Lauchlan Kenneth Scobie MacKinnon. It was held on the first day of the Melbourne Cup Carnival, VRC Victoria Derby Day. In 2016, the VRC moved the race to the last day of the carnival and renamed the race, formally called the Emirates Stakes. Prior to 2016, many horses with a ranking high enough to avoid the ballot for the Melbourne Cup used the race as a lead-in to the 3,200 metre Cup, run on the first Tuesday in November; the VRC believed that placing the race on the last day of the Melbourne Cup Carnival would attract quality horses, that raced in the W.
S. Cox Plate, to run rather than using the race to prepare for the Melbourne Cup. 1869–1936 - Melbourne StakesIn 1937 the VRC moved the Melbourne Stakes to earlier in the spring, running it in September, over a shorter distance of 1 mile. The race was the predecessor to the Turnbull Stakes. 1937–2015 - LKS Mackinnon Stakes 2016–2017 - Emirates Stakes 2018 - Seppelt Mackinnon Stakes 1869–1971 - 11⁄4 miles 1972 onwards - 2000 metres 1869–1978 - Principal Race 1979 onwards - Group 1 The following thoroughbreds have won the LKS MacKinnon Stakes – Melbourne Cup in the same year. Malua, Phar Lap, Peter Pan, The Trump, Comic Court, Dalray, Rising Fast, Rain Lover, At Talaq, Empire Rose, Let's Elope, Rogan Josh List of Australian Group races Group races
Musket was an English-bred Thoroughbred racehorse and a Leading sire in Australia and New Zealand. He was sired by Toxophilite, his dam was a bay mare, a half-sister to General Peel’s dam, by West Australian from Brown Bess by Camel. Musket was inbred to Touchstone in the fourth generation. In England Musket won nine races including the Ascot Stakes before retiring to stud there where he only had limited patronage. In spite of this he managed to sire Petronel winner of the 2,000 Guineas and Brown Bess winner of the Doncaster Cup and Goodwood Stakes. In December 1878 Musket was imported into Victoria by the Auckland Stud Company and sent to Auckland, New Zealand the following month, he was used here to cover “half-bred” mares to breed coach horses. He sired 28 stakeswinners which had 107 stakes wins, including: Cuirassier, won Great Northern Derby Foul Shot, won Auckland Derby Fusilade, won New Zealand Cup Fusilier, won Wanganui Derby Manton, Derby Stakes, New Zealand Cup, Wanganui Derby Martini-Henry, Victoria Derby, Melbourne Cup Nordenfeldt, Victoria Derby, AJC Australian Derby Trenton, ARC Welcome Stakes, CJC Champagne Stakes, VRC Royal Park Stakes, etc. sire of good racehorses including Wakeful.
Musket is best remembered for siring the famous Carbine, Trenton, Martini-Henry and Hotchkiss, all top sires. Carbine in his day was considered one of the greatest horses in the world, whose feats included winning the 1890 Melbourne Cup with the impost of 10 st 5 lb in the record time of 3:28¼; the bloodlines of Musket including Carbine and Trenton, are still evident in many horses racing today. Musket had his portrait painted by the noted equine artist, Martin Stainforth and it was reproduced in Racehorses in Australia