Snead State Community College
Snead State Community College is a community college in Boaz, Alabama. Snead State began as a private seminary in 1898, became part of the Alabama Community College System in 1967. Snead awards associate's degrees in 79 programs and certificates in 24 programs. Snead began in 1898 as a grade school for girls in the house of Anna D. Elder. Oversight of the school was transferred to the state conference of the Methodist Episcopal Church that year. By 1901, enrollment necessitated the construction of a separate building, allowing the addition of a high school. In 1906, local businessman John H. Snead donated land and money to the school, it was renamed in his honor. After the city of Boaz built a public high school, Snead expanded to add a junior college in 1935; the junior college gained accreditation from the Southern Association of Colleges and Schools in 1941. When the Alabama Community College System was created in 1963, enrollment at Snead suffered, in 1967, the System acquired Snead, which became the 15th college in the system.
The historic core of campus forms the Snead Junior College Historic District, listed on the Alabama Register of Landmarks and Heritage in 1998 and the National Register of Historic Places in 1999. The district encompasses four buildings: the Administration Building, the Boatman President's House, the Norton Library/Museum, Pfeiffer Hall. Snead State Community College official site
Wallace Community College
Wallace Community College is a community college in Dothan, Alabama. The college enrolls 3,958 students and has been accredited by the Commission on Colleges of the Southern Association of Colleges and Schools since 1969; as of 2017, the college has three campuses: the Wallace Campus and the Center for Economic and Workforce Development in Dothan, the Sparks Campus in Eufaula. Wallace Community College was established as the George C. Wallace State Technical Trade School under the Alabama Regional Trade School Act of 1947. Over the following years, the institution's name was changed, first to George C. Wallace State Vocational Trade School and to George C. Wallace State Technical Junior College being reorganized in 1969 as George C. Wallace State Community College, it was the first comprehensive community college in Southern Alabama. In 1997, the Alabama Aviation and Technical College became part of WCC. However, in 2003, the Alabama Aviation and Technical College operations and the Mobile Aviation Center were transferred to Enterprise State Junior College to reflect that institution's growth as a community college.
Sparks State Technical College had been founded in 1966 as Sparks State Technical School, being named after former Alabama Governor Chauncey Sparks. WCC is associated with two foundations that provide financial support for its operations: the Wallace Community College Foundation, founded in 1992, the Wallace Community College Sparks Campus Foundation, founded in 1991. In his years, former Attorney General Richmond Flowers, Sr. taught history at Wallace Community College. His attorney general service occurred during the first term of Governor George Wallace, but the two were intraparty political rivals. In 1966, Flowers lost the gubernatorial primary to Wallace's first wife and successor, Lurleen Burns Wallace, for whom the community college in Andalusia is named. WCC maintains a men's junior college baseball team affiliated with the Southern Conference and women's softball team. Though known as a men's junior college baseball school, back in 2001, the Wallace Community College Men's Basketball team won the AJCCC State Championship under coach Eddie Barnes and Assistant Coaches Philip M. Cassis and Tom Helmeyer.
The team made it to the NJCAA final four and finished third in the Nation. The baseball team is coached by former Major League Baseball catcher Mackey Sasser. Official website
The United States of America known as the United States or America, is a country composed of 50 states, a federal district, five major self-governing territories, various possessions. At 3.8 million square miles, the United States is the world's third or fourth largest country by total area and is smaller than the entire continent of Europe's 3.9 million square miles. With a population of over 327 million people, the U. S. is the third most populous country. The capital is Washington, D. C. and the largest city by population is New York City. Forty-eight states and the capital's federal district are contiguous in North America between Canada and Mexico; the State of Alaska is in the northwest corner of North America, bordered by Canada to the east and across the Bering Strait from Russia to the west. The State of Hawaii is an archipelago in the mid-Pacific Ocean; the U. S. territories are scattered about the Pacific Ocean and the Caribbean Sea, stretching across nine official time zones. The diverse geography and wildlife of the United States make it one of the world's 17 megadiverse countries.
Paleo-Indians migrated from Siberia to the North American mainland at least 12,000 years ago. European colonization began in the 16th century; the United States emerged from the thirteen British colonies established along the East Coast. Numerous disputes between Great Britain and the colonies following the French and Indian War led to the American Revolution, which began in 1775, the subsequent Declaration of Independence in 1776; the war ended in 1783 with the United States becoming the first country to gain independence from a European power. The current constitution was adopted in 1788, with the first ten amendments, collectively named the Bill of Rights, being ratified in 1791 to guarantee many fundamental civil liberties; the United States embarked on a vigorous expansion across North America throughout the 19th century, acquiring new territories, displacing Native American tribes, admitting new states until it spanned the continent by 1848. During the second half of the 19th century, the Civil War led to the abolition of slavery.
By the end of the century, the United States had extended into the Pacific Ocean, its economy, driven in large part by the Industrial Revolution, began to soar. The Spanish–American War and World War I confirmed the country's status as a global military power; the United States emerged from World War II as a global superpower, the first country to develop nuclear weapons, the only country to use them in warfare, a permanent member of the United Nations Security Council. Sweeping civil rights legislation, notably the Civil Rights Act of 1964, the Voting Rights Act of 1965 and the Fair Housing Act of 1968, outlawed discrimination based on race or color. During the Cold War, the United States and the Soviet Union competed in the Space Race, culminating with the 1969 U. S. Moon landing; the end of the Cold War and the collapse of the Soviet Union in 1991 left the United States as the world's sole superpower. The United States is the world's oldest surviving federation, it is a representative democracy.
The United States is a founding member of the United Nations, World Bank, International Monetary Fund, Organization of American States, other international organizations. The United States is a developed country, with the world's largest economy by nominal GDP and second-largest economy by PPP, accounting for a quarter of global GDP; the U. S. economy is post-industrial, characterized by the dominance of services and knowledge-based activities, although the manufacturing sector remains the second-largest in the world. The United States is the world's largest importer and the second largest exporter of goods, by value. Although its population is only 4.3% of the world total, the U. S. holds 31% of the total wealth in the world, the largest share of global wealth concentrated in a single country. Despite wide income and wealth disparities, the United States continues to rank high in measures of socioeconomic performance, including average wage, human development, per capita GDP, worker productivity.
The United States is the foremost military power in the world, making up a third of global military spending, is a leading political and scientific force internationally. In 1507, the German cartographer Martin Waldseemüller produced a world map on which he named the lands of the Western Hemisphere America in honor of the Italian explorer and cartographer Amerigo Vespucci; the first documentary evidence of the phrase "United States of America" is from a letter dated January 2, 1776, written by Stephen Moylan, Esq. to George Washington's aide-de-camp and Muster-Master General of the Continental Army, Lt. Col. Joseph Reed. Moylan expressed his wish to go "with full and ample powers from the United States of America to Spain" to seek assistance in the revolutionary war effort; the first known publication of the phrase "United States of America" was in an anonymous essay in The Virginia Gazette newspaper in Williamsburg, Virginia, on April 6, 1776. The second draft of the Articles of Confederation, prepared by John Dickinson and completed by June 17, 1776, at the latest, declared "The name of this Confederation shall be the'United States of America'".
The final version of the Articles sent to the states for ratification in late 1777 contains the sentence "The Stile of this Confederacy shall be'The United States of America'". In June 1776, Thomas Jefferson wrote the phrase "UNITED STATES OF AMERICA" in all capitalized letters in the headline of his "original Rough draught" of the Declaration of Independence; this draft of the document did not surface unti
Alabama is a state in the southeastern region of the United States. It is bordered by Tennessee to the north, Georgia to the east and the Gulf of Mexico to the south, Mississippi to the west. Alabama is the 30th largest by area and the 24th-most populous of the U. S. states. With a total of 1,500 miles of inland waterways, Alabama has among the most of any state. Alabama is nicknamed the Yellowhammer State, after the state bird. Alabama is known as the "Heart of Dixie" and the "Cotton State"; the state tree is the longleaf pine, the state flower is the camellia. Alabama's capital is Montgomery; the largest city by population is Birmingham. The oldest city is Mobile, founded by French colonists in 1702 as the capital of French Louisiana. From the American Civil War until World War II, like many states in the southern U. S. suffered economic hardship, in part because of its continued dependence on agriculture. Similar to other former slave states, Alabamian legislators employed Jim Crow laws to disenfranchise and otherwise discriminate against African Americans from the end of the Reconstruction Era up until at least the 1970s.
Despite the growth of major industries and urban centers, white rural interests dominated the state legislature from 1901 to the 1960s. During this time, urban interests and African Americans were markedly under-represented. Following World War II, Alabama grew as the state's economy changed from one based on agriculture to one with diversified interests; the state's economy in the 21st century is based on management, finance, aerospace, mineral extraction, education and technology. The European-American naming of the Alabama River and state was derived from the Alabama people, a Muskogean-speaking tribe whose members lived just below the confluence of the Coosa and Tallapoosa rivers on the upper reaches of the river. In the Alabama language, the word for a person of Alabama lineage is Albaamo; the suggestion that "Alabama" was borrowed from the Choctaw language is unlikely. The word's spelling varies among historical sources; the first usage appears in three accounts of the Hernando de Soto expedition of 1540: Garcilaso de la Vega used Alibamo, while the Knight of Elvas and Rodrigo Ranjel wrote Alibamu and Limamu in transliterations of the term.
As early as 1702, the French called the tribe the Alibamon, with French maps identifying the river as Rivière des Alibamons. Other spellings of the name have included Alibamu, Albama, Alibama, Alabamu, Allibamou. Sources disagree on the word's meaning; some scholars suggest the word comes from amo. The meaning may have been "clearers of the thicket" or "herb gatherers", referring to clearing land for cultivation or collecting medicinal plants; the state has numerous place names of Native American origin. However, there are no correspondingly similar words in the Alabama language. An 1842 article in the Jacksonville Republican proposed it meant "Here We Rest." This notion was popularized in the 1850s through the writings of Alexander Beaufort Meek. Experts in the Muskogean languages have not found any evidence to support such a translation. Indigenous peoples of varying cultures lived in the area for thousands of years before the advent of European colonization. Trade with the northeastern tribes by the Ohio River began during the Burial Mound Period and continued until European contact.
The agrarian Mississippian culture covered most of the state from 1000 to 1600 AD, with one of its major centers built at what is now the Moundville Archaeological Site in Moundville, Alabama. This is the second-largest complex of the classic Middle Mississippian era, after Cahokia in present-day Illinois, the center of the culture. Analysis of artifacts from archaeological excavations at Moundville were the basis of scholars' formulating the characteristics of the Southeastern Ceremonial Complex. Contrary to popular belief, the SECC appears to have no direct links to Mesoamerican culture, but developed independently; the Ceremonial Complex represents a major component of the religion of the Mississippian peoples. Among the historical tribes of Native American people living in present-day Alabama at the time of European contact were the Cherokee, an Iroquoian language people. While part of the same large language family, the Muskogee tribes developed distinct cultures and languages. With exploration in the 16th century, the Spanish were the first Europeans to reach Alabama.
The expedition of Hernando de Soto passed through Mabila and other parts of the state in 1540. More than 160 years the French founded the region's first European settlement at Old Mobile in 1702; the city was moved to the current site of Mobile in 1711. This area was claimed by the French from 1702 to 1763 as part of La Louisiane. After the French lost to the British in the Seven Years' War, it became part of British West Florida from 1763 to 1783. After the United States victory in the American Revolutionary War, the territory was divided between the United States and Spain; the latter retained control of this western territory from 1783 until the surrender of the Spanish garrison at Mobile to U. S. forces on April 13, 1813. Thomas Bassett, a loyalist to the British monarchy during the Revolutionary era, was one of the earliest white settlers in the state
A community college is a type of educational institution. The term can have different meanings in different countries: many community colleges have an “open enrollment” for students who have graduated from high school; the term refers to a higher educational institution that provides workforce education and college transfer academic programs. Some institutions maintain athletic dormitories similar to their university counterparts. In Australia, the term "community college" refers to small private businesses running short courses of a self-improvement or hobbyist nature. Equivalent to the American notion of community colleges are Tertiary and Further Education colleges or TAFEs. There are an increasing number of private providers, which are colloquially called "colleges". TAFEs and other providers carry on the tradition of adult education, established in Australia around the mid-19th century, when evening classes were held to help adults enhance their numeracy and literacy skills. Most Australian universities can be traced back to such forerunners, although obtaining a university charter has always changed their nature.
In TAFEs and colleges today, courses are designed for personal development of an individual and/or for employment outcomes. Educational programs cover a variety of topics such as arts, languages and lifestyle, they are scheduled to run two, three or four days of the week, depending on the level of the course undertaken. A Certificate I may only run for 4 hours twice a week for a term of 9 weeks. A full-time Diploma course might have classes 4 days per week for a year; some courses may be offered in the weekends to accommodate people working full-time. Funding for colleges may come from government grants and course fees. Many are not-for-profit organisations; such TAFES are located in metropolitan and rural locations of Australia. Education offered by TAFEs and colleges has changed over the years. By the 1980s many colleges had recognised a community need for computer training. Since thousands of people have increased skills through IT courses; the majority of colleges by the late 20th century had become Registered Training Organisations.
They offer individuals a nurturing, non-traditional education venue to gain skills that better prepare them for the workplace and potential job openings. TAFEs and colleges have not traditionally offered bachelor's degrees, instead providing pathway arrangements with universities to continue towards degrees; the American innovation of the associate degree is being developed at some institutions. Certificate courses I to IV, diplomas and advanced diplomas are offered, the latter deemed equivalent to an undergraduate qualification, albeit in more vocational areas; some TAFE institutes have become higher education providers in their own right and are now starting to offer bachelor's degree programs. In Canada, colleges are adult educational institutions that provide higher education and tertiary education, grant certificates and diplomas; as well, in Ontario, the 24 colleges of applied arts and technology have been mandated to offer their own stand-alone degrees as well as to offer joint degrees with universities through "articulation agreements" that result in students emerging with both a diploma and a degree.
Thus, for example, the University of Guelph "twins" with Humber College and York University does the same with Seneca College. More however, colleges have been offering a variety of their own degrees in business and technical fields; the academic and economic value of the college degree is still being tested in the marketplace. Each province has its own educational system, as prescribed by the Canadian federalism model of governance. In the mid-1960s and early 1970s, most Canadian colleges began to provide practical education and training for the emerging baby boom generation, for immigrants from around the world who were entering Canada in increasing numbers at that time. A formative trend was the merging of the separate vocational training and adult education institutions. Canadian colleges are either publicly funded or private post-secondary institutions. There are 150 institutions that are equivalent to the US community college in certain contexts, they are referred to as "colleges" since in common usage a degree-granting institution is exclusively a university.
In addition to graduate degrees, universities grant Associate's degrees and Bachelor's degrees, but in some regions and/or courses of study and universities collaborate so college students can earn transfer credits toward undergraduate university degrees. University degrees are attained through four years of study; the term associate degree is used in western Canada to refer to a two-year college arts or science degree, similar to how the term is used in the United States. In other parts of Canada the term advanced degree is used to indicate a 3- or 4-year college program. In the province of Quebec, three years is the norm for a university degree because a year of credit is earned in the CEGEP system; when speaking in English, people refer to all colleges as Cégeps, however the term is an acronym more applied to the French-language public system: Collège d'enseignement général et professionnel. The word College can refer to a private High School in Quebec. Canadian community college systemsList of colleges in Canada Colleges and Institutes Can
Craig Michael Kimbrel is an American professional baseball pitcher, a free agent. He has played in Major League Baseball for the Atlanta Braves, San Diego Padres, Boston Red Sox, he is a seven-time All-Star, was the youngest pitcher in MLB history to record 300 saves. He is known for his triple-digit fastball, as well as his unique pre-pitch stare. Listed at 6 feet 0 inches and 210 pounds, he both bats right-handed; as a rookie with the Braves in 2011, Kimbrel was named their closer, set an MLB record for saves by a rookie, with 46. He was awarded the National League's 2011 Rookie of the Year Award, he led the National League in saves for four consecutive seasons, 2011 through 2014. He recorded his 200th save in June 2015 with the Padres, his 300th save in May 2018 with the Red Sox. Craig is the son of Sandy Kimbrel, he attended Lee High School in Huntsville and Wallace State Community College. At Wallace State, in 2007 Kimbrel was 8-0 with a 1.99 ERA as a freshman, as the closer and a spot starter, in 2008 he was 9-3 with a 2.88 ERA, striking out 123 hitters in 81 innings as a starter.
He was drafted by the Atlanta Braves in the 33rd round of the 2007 draft, but elected to remain at Wallace State in order to improve his draft position. He was taken by the Braves in the third round of the 2008 draft, was the 96th player chosen. Kimbrel got his first call-up from the Gwinnett Braves on May 15, 2010, to replace the injured Jair Jurrjens on the roster, he was called up for the second time in his career on June 4, 2010, to replace Takashi Saito, placed on the 15-day DL. He earned his first major league save on September 2010 against the New York Mets. Kimbrel's record for the 2010 season was a 0.44 ERA in 20 2⁄3 innings. He recorded 16 walks. In the 2010 NLDS, he was the losing pitcher in Game 3 against the eventual World Series Champion San Francisco Giants. Kimbrel made the roster to start the 2011 season as the team's primary closer, he was successful in his first four save opportunities before blowing his first career save on April 21, 2011. On June 3, 2011 in a game versus the New York Mets, Kimbrel passed the record for most saves by a National League rookie before the All-Star break.
He is the fastest Braves pitcher to reach 100 career strikeouts. His new record surpassed the previous record set by John Rocker in the 1998–1999 season, where it took Rocker 70 career innings to reach the 100 career strikeout mark. On July 5, his 26th save matched Jonathan Papelbon's record for most saves by a rookie before the All-Star break. On July 7, Kimbrel's 27th save of the year against the Colorado Rockies broke Papelbon's record. Kimbrel was selected to the 2011 All Star Game during his first full season in the majors. San Francisco Giants manager Bruce Bochy choose Kimbrel as a replacement for Giants pitcher Matt Cain. On July 22, 2011 in a game versus the Cincinnati Reds, Kimbrel broke the Braves rookie record for saves in a season. On August 9, 2011 in a game versus the Florida Marlins, Kimbrel tied the National League rookie record for saves in a season, he broke that record on August 17 in a game versus the San Francisco Giants. On August 21, 2011, Kimbrel recorded his 100th strike out which coincided with his 39th save of the season and a string of 302⁄3 innings without yielding a run.
On August 23, 2011, Kimbrel recorded his 40th save. He subsequently broke this record with his 41st save on August 31 with two strikeouts in a game against the Washington Nationals. At the time, he had not given up a run in his last 34 innings; the following night September 1, 2011, Kimbrel surpassed Cliff Lee's record of thirty-four scoreless innings with 342⁄3 scoreless innings for the longest scoreless streak in the majors in 2011. He was named the NL Rookie of the Month and MLB Delivery Man of the Month for August 2011, his scoreless inning streak came to an end after 381⁄3 innings, on September 9, 2011. The Braves season ended when he blew a save against the Philadelphia Phillies in the last game of the season; the loss knocked Atlanta out of playoff contention, completing a late-season collapse that squandered an early-September lead of 8½ games. Kimbrel's mediocre September led to charges that manager Fredi González had overworked him over the course of the season. Kimbrel ended the season tied for the National League lead with 46 saves—shattering the previous rookie record of 40, set by Feliz in 2010—and led the Major Leagues with 127 strikeouts in 77 innings of relief.
On November 14, the Baseball Writers' Association of America announced the results of their 2011 National League Rookie of the Year vote. Freddie Freeman finished second in the voting with 21 second-place votes and seven third-place votes, for a total of 70 points—making the pair the first teammates to take the top two spots since 1989, when the Chicago Cubs' Jerome Walton and Dwight Smith came in first and second in the balloting; the only other time two Braves finished in the top five, the organization was still located in Milwaukee—Gene Conley was voted third-best rookie of the 1954 season. He was named the Players Choice Awards NL Outstanding Rookie by the Major League Baseball Players Association. Kimbrel again made the All-Star team in 2012, he struck out the two batters. He won the MLB Delivery Man Award for September 2012. On September 26, he struck out four
Jacob David Elmore is an American professional baseball infielder in the Pittsburgh Pirates organization. He made his Major League Baseball debut with the Arizona Diamondbacks in 2012, he has played for the Houston Astros, Cincinnati Reds, Tampa Bay Rays, Milwaukee Brewers. While most a shortstop, Elmore is one of a handful of MLB players who have played pitcher and catcher in the same game. Elmore grew up in Pleasant Grove, Alabama, a suburb of Birmingham, played baseball at Pleasant Grove High School, he attended Wallace State Community College in 2007, where he played as a second baseman. Elmore transferred to Arizona State University, where he continued his college baseball career with the Arizona State Sun Devils. Elmore was called up to the majors for the first time on August 11, 2012. On August 16, 2012, he got his first hit of his MLB career, he finished the game 2 for 4 with a double. Elmore finished the 2012 season with a.191 batting average with 0 home runs, 7 runs batted in 30 games.
On November 1, 2012, Elmore was claimed off waivers by the Houston Astros. He began the 2013 season with the Triple-A Oklahoma City RedHawks of the Pacific Coast League, he was recalled by the Astros on June 25. On August 19, 2013, Elmore became the 14th player in MLB history to catch and pitch in the same game. After replacing Carlos Corporan as the catcher in the fourth inning of a game against the Texas Rangers, Elmore was again called upon in the eighth inning, but this time to pitch, he retired the Rangers in order on 11 pitches. Commenting on the feat, manager Bo Porter said, "Elmore should be in the icetub, icing every part of his body." On November 20, 2013, Elmore was claimed off waivers by the Chicago White Sox. The White Sox designated Elmore for assignment in February 2014. Elmore was traded to the Oakland Athletics on February 27, 2014. Elmore was optioned to the Triple-A Sacramento River Cats and spent the first two and a half months of the 2014 season on the DL due to a strained left quadriceps.
Oakland designated Elmore for assignment on July 31, 2014. On August 2, 2014, Elmore was claimed off waivers by the Cincinnati Reds, sent to the Triple-A Louisville Bats. On November 5, 2014, the Reds re-signed Elmore after outrighting him to Louisville on November 3. On November 7, 2014, Elmore was claimed off waivers by the Pittsburgh Pirates from the Reds; the Pirates designated him for assignment on January 20, 2015. He declined his outright assignment, became a free agent, subsequently signed a minor league deal with the Tampa Bay Rays on February 9, 2015. Elmore was called up to the Rays on April 22 due to injuries. On December 14, 2015, Elmore signed a minor league deal with the Milwaukee Brewers; the Brewers purchased his contract from the Colorado Springs Sky Sox on June 28, 2016, Elmore made his first start for Milwaukee that day at second base. He appeared in 59 games for the Brewers as a pinch hitter. After hitting.218/.371/.244 on the season, Milwaukee chose to outright Elmore to Triple-A on October 28, 2016.
Elmore opted for free agency. On February 9, 2017, Elmore signed a minor league contract with the Toronto Blue Jays that included an invitation to spring training, he was assigned to the Triple-A Buffalo Bisons. On August 14, 2017, Elmore was traded to the Miami Marlins organization, assigned to the Triple-A New Orleans Baby Cakes, he elected free agency on November 6, 2017. On February 8, 2018, Elmore signed a minor league deal with the Chicago White Sox, he elected free agency on November 2, 2018. Elmore re-signed to a minor league deal on January 14, 2019. Elmore was traded to the Pittsburgh Pirates on March 28, 2019 and was assigned to the Triple-A Indianapolis Indians. Career statistics and player information from MLB, or ESPN, or Baseball-Reference, or Fangraphs, or The Baseball Cube, or Baseball-Reference Arizona State Sun Devils bio