It's a Small World
It's a Small World is a water-based dark ride located in the Fantasyland area at the various Walt Disney Parks and Resorts worldwide. The ride features over 300 audio-animatronic children in traditional costumes from cultures around the world, frolicking in a spirit of international unity, singing the attraction's title song, which has a theme of global peace. According to Time.com, the Sherman Brothers' song "It's A Small World" is the most publicly performed song of all time. Fabricated at the Walt Disney Studios in Burbank as Children of the World, it was created by WED Enterprises shipped to the 1964 New York World's Fair's UNICEF pavilion, sponsored by Pepsi, where it featured at its entrance a kinetic sculpture, The Tower of the Four Winds, a 120-foot perpetually spinning mobile created by WED designer Rolly Crump, it was added to four attractions — Magic Skyway, Great Moments with Mr. Lincoln, The Carousel of Progress, CircleVision 360 —already under development, which were used by Disney to sponsor and test concepts and develop ride systems and innovative entertainment intended to be moved and rebuilt at Disneyland after the World's Fair closed in 1966.
The Pepsi Board of Directors took so long to agree on what type of attraction to sponsor that then-board member and widow of past company president Alfred Steele, actress Joan Crawford, prevailed upon her longtime Hollywood friend Walt Disney to design such an attraction as would be suitable for Pepsi. Because of the short lead-time to design and construct such an attraction, she insisted that the board of directors accept his proposal, seeing as he was designing attractions for the state of Illinois, General Electric, Kodak and knew Walt was the only one who could accomplish such a feat in the short time left until the fair was scheduled to open; the WED Enterprises company was given only 11 months to build the pavilion. Mary Blair was responsible for the attraction's whimsical color styling. Blair had been an art director on several Disney animated features, including Cinderella, Alice In Wonderland, Peter Pan. Like many Disneyland attractions and characters were designed by Marc Davis, while his wife, Alice Davis, designed the costumes for the dolls.
Rolly Crump designed other supplemental figures on display. The animated dolls were sculpted by Blaine Gibson. Walt was involved with Gibson's and Greg S. Marinello development of the dolls' facial design. Arrow Development was involved in the design of the passenger-carrying boats and propulsion system of the attraction. Two patents that were filed by Arrow Development staff and assigned to The Walt Disney Company illustrate passenger boats and vehicle guidance systems with features similar to those utilized on the Disneyland installation of the attraction; the firm is credited with manufacturing the Disneyland installation. "Children of the World" was the working title of the attraction. Its tentative soundtrack, which can be heard on the album, featured the national anthems of each country represented throughout the ride all playing all at once, which resulted in disharmonic cacophony. Walt conducted a walk-through of the attraction scale model with his staff songwriters Robert B. Sherman and Richard M. Sherman, saying, "I need one song that can be translated into many languages and be played as a round."
The Sherman brothers wrote "It's a Small World" in the wake of the 1962 Cuban Missile Crisis, which influenced the song's message of peace and brotherhood. When they first presented it to Walt, they played it as a slow ballad. Walt requested something more cheerful, so they sped up the tempo and sang in counterpoint. Walt was so delighted with the final result that he renamed the attraction "It's a Small World" after the Sherman Brothers' song. Robert J. Sherman, youngest son of Robert B. Sherman, has claimed that this song is the single most-performed and most-translated piece of music on Earth. In 2014, it was estimated that the song had played nearly 50 million times worldwide on the attractions alone, beating out the radio and TV estimates for You've Lost That Lovin' Feelin' and Yesterday, which were believed to have been played at least eight and seven million times respectively. A third verse celebrating the attraction's 45th anniversary was written and popularized, but not incorporated into the ride.
The first incarnation of It's a Small World, which debuted at the 1964 New York World's Fair, was an afterthought and nearly did not happen. Ford and General Electric had engaged Disney early on to create their pavilions for the 1964 New York World's Fair. WED Enterprises had long been at work developing a "dancing-doll" designed to reproduce human movement resulting in a crude early audio-animatronics fashioned as Abraham Lincoln when the State of Illinois approached Disney to create the Illinois Pavilion, representatives of the state approved after being "introduced" to the robotic figurehead. A nine wide-screen CircleVision 360° exhibit for Kodak's pavilion was being planned as an improvement over the existing Disneyland eleven 4:3 format screen Circarama when Pepsi approached Disney with a plan to tribute UNICEF. Disney seemed to be the showman to give us the package we want... H
Annette Joanne Funicello was an American actress and singer. Funicello began her professional career as a child performer at the age of twelve, she rose to prominence as one of the most popular Mouseketeers on the original Mickey Mouse Club. As a teenager, she transitioned to a successful career as a singer with the pop singles "O Dio Mio", "Tall Paul" and "Pineapple Princess", as well as establishing herself as a film actress, popularizing the successful "Beach Party" genre alongside co-star Frankie Avalon during the mid-1960s. In 1992, Funicello announced, she died of complications from the disease on April 8, 2013. Annette Joanne Funicello was born in Utica, New York, to Italian Americans Virginia Jeanne and Joseph Edward Funicello, her family moved to Southern California. Annette took music lessons as a child to overcome shyness. In 1955, the 12-year-old was discovered by Walt Disney when she performed as the Swan Queen in Swan Lake at a dance recital at the Starlight Bowl in Burbank, California.
Disney cast her as one of the original Mouseketeers. She was the last to be selected, one of the few cast-members to be selected by Walt Disney himself. In 1955 she signed a seven year contract with Disney at $160 a week to rise to $500 a week if all options were exercised. Funicello proved to be popular and by the end of the first season of The Mickey Mouse Club, she was receiving 6,000 letters a month, according to her Disney Legends biography - more than any other Mouseketeer. In addition to appearing in many Mouseketeer sketches and dance routines, Funicello starred in several serials on The Mickey Mouse Club; these included Adventure in Dairyland, the second and third Spin and Marty serials – The Further Adventures of Spin and Marty and The New Adventures of Spin and Marty, Walt Disney Presents: Annette. In a hayride scene in the Annette serial, she performed the song; the studio received so much mail about "How Will I Know My Love", that Walt Disney issued it as a single, gave Funicello a recording contract.
A proposed live-action feature Rainbow Road to Oz was to have starred some of the Mouseketeers, including Darlene Gillespie as Dorothy and Funicello as Ozma. Preview segments from the film aired on September 1957, on Disneyland's fourth anniversary show. By MGM's The Wizard of Oz had been shown on CBS Television for the first time. Theories on why the film was abandoned include Disney's failure to develop a satisfactory script, the popularity of the MGM film on television. Disney replaced this film project with a new adaptation of Babes in Toyland, which starred Funicello as "Mary Contrary". After the Mickey Mouse Club, she remained under contract with Disney for a time, she had a role on the Disney television roles in Zorro, playing Anita Cabrillo in a three-episode storyline about a teen-aged girl arriving in Los Angeles to visit a father who does not seem to exist. This role was a birthday present from Walt Disney, the first of two different characters played opposite Guy Williams as Zorro.
She had a multiple-episode guest arc on Make Room for Daddy as an Italian exchange student. Annette made her feature film debut in the Disney-produced comedy The Shaggy Dog with Fred MacMurray and Tommy Kirk; the film was a huge hit at the box office. Although uncomfortable being thought of as a singer, Funicello had a number of pop record hits in the late 1950s and early 1960s written by the Sherman Brothers and including: "Tall Paul", "First Name Initial", "O Dio Mio", "Train of Love" and "Pineapple Princess", they were released by Disney's Buena Vista label. Annette recorded "It's Really Love" in 1959, a reworking of an earlier Paul Anka song called "Toot Sweet". Paul Anka was noted to have a crush on her, Walt Disney overprotected Annette, which broke Paul's heart; this resulted in his song "Puppy Love", inspired by his hopeless romantic crush on Annette. In an episode of the Disney anthology television series titled "Disneyland After Dark", Funicello can be seen singing live at Disneyland.
Walt Disney was a fan of 1950s pop star Teresa Brewer and tried to pattern Funicello's singing on the same style. However, Funicello credits "the Annette sound" to her record producer, Tutti Camarata, who worked for Disney in that era. Camarata had her double-track her vocals, matching her first track as as possible on the second recording to achieve a fuller sound than her voice would otherwise produce. Early in her career, she appeared on the NBC interview program Here's Hollywood. In December 1959 Funicello attempted to have her contract with Disney set aside, claiming that it was unquitable and that she was without an agent or legal counsel when she signed it, she was on $325 a week. The court refused. In 1961 Funnicello returned to Zorro playing a different role, she starred in a big budget musical for Disney, Babes alongside Tommy Sands and Kirk. She appeared in two television movies filmed in Europe for Disney alongside Kirk, both of which were released theatrically in some markets: The Horsemasters, shot in England, Escapade in Florence, filmed in Italy.
Funicello moved on from Disney to become a teen idol, starring in a series of "Beach Party" movies with Frankie Avalon for American International Pictures. These started with Beach Party, so successful American International Pictures signed Funicello to a seven-year contract and starred her
Walter Elias Disney was an American entrepreneur, voice actor and film producer. A pioneer of the American animation industry, he introduced several developments in the production of cartoons; as a film producer, Disney holds the record for most Academy Awards earned by an individual, having won 22 Oscars from 59 nominations. He was presented with two Golden Globe Special Achievement Awards and an Emmy Award, among other honors. Several of his films are included in the National Film Registry by the Library of Congress. Born in Chicago in 1901, Disney developed an early interest in drawing, he took art classes as a boy and got a job as a commercial illustrator at the age of 18. He moved to California in the early 1920s and set up the Disney Brothers Studio with his brother Roy. With Ub Iwerks, Walt developed the character Mickey Mouse in 1928, his first popular success; as the studio grew, Disney became more adventurous, introducing synchronized sound, full-color three-strip Technicolor, feature-length cartoons and technical developments in cameras.
The results, seen in features such as Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs, Fantasia and Bambi, furthered the development of animated film. New animated and live-action films followed after World War II, including the critically successful Cinderella and Mary Poppins, the latter of which received five Academy Awards. In the 1950s, Disney expanded into the amusement park industry, in 1955 he opened Disneyland. To fund the project he diversified into television programs, such as Walt Disney's Disneyland and The Mickey Mouse Club. In 1965, he began development of another theme park, Disney World, the heart of, to be a new type of city, the "Experimental Prototype Community of Tomorrow". Disney was a heavy smoker throughout his life, died of lung cancer in December 1966 before either the park or the EPCOT project were completed. Disney was a shy, self-deprecating and insecure man in private but adopted a warm and outgoing public persona, he had high expectations of those with whom he worked. Although there have been accusations that he was racist or anti-Semitic, they have been contradicted by many who knew him.
His reputation changed in the years after his death, from a purveyor of homely patriotic values to a representative of American imperialism. He remains an important figure in the history of animation and in the cultural history of the United States, where he is considered a national cultural icon, his film work continues to be adapted. Walt Disney was born on December 5, 1901, in Chicago's Hermosa neighborhood, he was the fourth son of Elias Disney—born in the Province of Canada, to Irish parents—and Flora, an American of German and English descent. Aside from Disney and Flora's sons were Herbert and Roy. In 1906, when Disney was four, the family moved to a farm in Marceline, where his uncle Robert had just purchased land. In Marceline, Disney developed his interest in drawing when he was paid to draw the horse of a retired neighborhood doctor. Elias was a subscriber to the Appeal to Reason newspaper, Disney practiced drawing by copying the front-page cartoons of Ryan Walker. Disney began to develop an ability to work with watercolors and crayons.
He lived near the Atchison and Santa Fe Railway line and became enamored with trains. He and his younger sister Ruth started school at the same time at the Park School in Marceline in late 1909. In 1911, the Disneys moved to Missouri. There, Disney attended the Benton Grammar School, where he met fellow-student Walter Pfeiffer, who came from a family of theatre fans and introduced Disney to the world of vaudeville and motion pictures. Before long, he was spending more time at the Pfeiffers' house than at home. Elias had purchased a newspaper delivery route for Kansas City Times. Disney and his brother Roy woke up at 4:30 every morning to deliver the Times before school and repeated the round for the evening Star after school; the schedule was exhausting, Disney received poor grades after falling asleep in class, but he continued his paper route for more than six years. He attended Saturday courses at the Kansas City Art Institute and took a correspondence course in cartooning. In 1917, Elias bought stock in a Chicago jelly producer, the O-Zell Company, moved back to the city with his family.
Disney enrolled at McKinley High School and became the cartoonist of the school newspaper, drawing patriotic pictures about World War I. In mid-1918, Disney attempted to join the United States Army to fight against the Germans, but he was rejected for being too young. After forging the date of birth on his birth certificate, he joined the Red Cross in September 1918 as an ambulance driver, he was arrived in November, after the armistice. He drew cartoons on the side of his ambulance for decoration and had some of his work published in the army newspaper Stars and Stripes. Disney returned to Kansas City in October 1919, where he worked as an apprentice artist at the Pesmen-Rubin Commercial Art Studio. There, he drew commercial illustrations for advertising, theater programs and ca
Walt Disney Studios (Burbank)
The Walt Disney Studios, in Burbank, United States, serves as the corporate headquarters for The Walt Disney Company media conglomerate. Besides housing offices for the company's many divisions, the Walt Disney Studios' 51-acre studio lot contains several sound stages, a backlot, other production facilities for Walt Disney Studios' motion picture production; the Studios do not offer tours to the general public. For several years, Adventures by Disney has offered tours of the studio, but only as an integral component of their six-day, five-night, Southern California tour package; the other way to tour the studio is to join the official Disney D23 fan club, which offers tours to members every few months. The studio used to open to the public once a year in November on the Saturday before Thanksgiving for its annual Magical Holiday Faire craft sale, but stopped hosting the Faire around 2003; as an aid to visitors, many buildings on the Disney lot are marked with identifying signs that include historical information and trivia about each site.
The Studio's production facilities are managed by Walt Disney Studios' Disney Studio Services unit – along with Golden Oak Ranch, The Prospect Studios, KABC-7 Studio B. Disney has a secondary location at Grand Central Creative Campus, where Walt Disney Imagineering and some other units are located. Prior to the official opening of the Burbank lot in 1940, the Walt Disney Studios was situated at several different locations in Los Angeles. During summer 1923, Walt Disney created "The Disney Bros. Cartoon Studio" in his uncle Robert Disney's garage, located at 4406 Kingswell Avenue, in the Los Feliz neighborhood of Los Angeles; this garage has been on display at the Stanley Ranch Museum in Garden Grove since the 1980s, several blocks away from Disneyland. His brother Roy O. Disney was in Los Angeles at the time. During October 1923, the brothers leased office space on the rear side of a real estate agency's office at 4651 Kingswell Avenue. On October 16, 1923, Walt Disney accepted an offer from Margaret Winkler of Universal Studios to distribute the new Alice Comedies starring Virginia Davis.
It was at this site where on January 14, 1924, Walt Disney met his future wife Lillian Bounds, an "ink and paint" girl whom he hired. In February 1924, the studio moved next door to an office of its own at 4649 Kingswell Avenue; the late Robert Disney's residence and the small office building, home to 4649 and 4651 Kingswell Avenue have survived to the present and are still in use. In 1925, Walt Disney placed a deposit on a new larger lot at 2719 Hyperion Avenue, the studio moved there in January 1926, it was here where, after a train journey with his wife Lillian, Walt created the character of Mickey Mouse in 1928. Here, the first color animated film, the Silly Symphony Flowers and Trees, the first animated cartoon using the multiplane camera, The Old Mill, were created. In 1937, the Hyperion studio produced the world's first full-length animated feature film, Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs. Disney's staff began to grow to a substantial size at the Hyperion studio, Disney Legends such as Disney's Nine Old Men began their careers there.
The Hyperion studio site was sold in 1940 and divided between two different industrial manufacturers, in 1966 a subsequent owner demolished what was left of the studio complex and replaced it with the supermarket and shopping center that stand there today. To honor the company's former headquarters from 1926 to 1940, the name'Hyperion' has been reused over the years by the Walt Disney Company for multiple divisions and attractions, including Hyperion Books and the Hyperion Theater at Disney California Adventure Park; the current Walt Disney Studios, located at 500 South Buena Vista Street, was made possible by the revenue from the 1937 release of Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs. Walt Disney and his staff began the move from the old studio at Hyperion Avenue in Silver Lake from December 1939 to January 1940. Designed by Kem Weber under the supervision of Walt Disney and his brother Roy, the Burbank Disney Studio buildings are the only studios that have been owned by The Walt Disney Company to survive from the Golden Age of filming.
A bungalow and other small buildings that were located at the Hyperion Avenue location were moved to Burbank. Disney purposely planned his new Burbank studio around the animation process; the large Animation Building stood in the center of the campus, while adjacent outlying buildings were constructed for the ink-and-paint departments, the camera and editing departments, the other various functions of the studio. Underground tunnels linked some of the buildings, the lot included a movie theatre, a sound stage, a commissary; the 1941 Disney feature The Reluctant Dragon, which combined live action with animated sequences and starred Robert Benchley, served as a tour of the then-new studio. It was frequently seen and toured on the various Disney television programs. In the late 1940s, the studio began regular work on live-action features. Though their first films were shot in England, the necessity to build live-action facilities still arose. Lacking the capital to do it themselves, Jack Webb offered to put up some of the money to build live-action soundstages in exchange for the right to use them.
During this time, backlots for exterior shots were built and remained standing at the studios until after a major change in management in 1984. In 1986, after the corporate restructuring of Walt Disney Productions into The Walt Disney Company, the stu
Bambi is a 1942 American animated film directed by David Hand, produced by Walt Disney and based on the book Bambi, a Life in the Woods by Austrian author Felix Salten. The film was released by RKO Radio Pictures on August 13, 1942, is the fifth Disney animated feature film; the main characters are a mule deer. For the movie, Disney took the liberty of changing Bambi's species into a mule deer from his original species of roe deer, since roe deer are not native to North America, the mule deer is more widespread in the United States; the film received three Academy Award nominations: Best Song and Original Music Score. In June 2008, the American Film Institute presented a list of its "10 Top 10"—the best ten films in each of ten classic American film genres—after polling over 1,500 people from the creative community. Bambi placed third in animation. In December 2011, the film was added to the National Film Registry of the Library of Congress. A doe gives birth to a fawn named Bambi, who will one day take over the position of Great Prince of the Forest, a title held by Bambi's father, who guards the woodland creatures from the dangers of hunters.
The fawn is befriended by an eager, energetic rabbit named Thumper, who helps to teach him to walk and speak. Bambi grows up attached to his mother, with whom he spends most of his time, he soon makes other friends, including a young skunk named a female fawn named Faline. Curious and inquisitive, Bambi asks about the world around him and is cautioned about the dangers of life as a forest creature by his loving mother. One day out in a meadow, Bambi sees The Great Prince but does not realize that he is his father; as the great prince wanders uphill, he discovers the human hunter named "Man" by all the animals is coming and rushes down to the meadow to get everyone to safety. Bambi is separated from his mother during that scene but is escorted to her by the Great Prince as the three of them make it back in the forest just as Man fires his gun. During Bambi's first winter, he and Thumper play in the snow. One day his mother takes him along to find food; as they escape his mother is shot and killed by the hunter, leaving the little fawn mournful and alone.
Taking pity on his abandoned son, the Great Prince leads Bambi home as he reveals to him that he is his father. Next year, Bambi has matured into a young stag, his childhood friends have entered young adulthood as well, they are warned of "twitterpation" by Friend Owl and that they will fall in love, although the trio view the concept of romance with scorn. However and Flower soon both encounter their beautiful romantic counterparts and abandon their former thoughts on love. Bambi himself encounters Faline as a beautiful doe. However, their courtship is interrupted and challenged by a belligerent older stag named Ronno, who attempts to force Faline away from Bambi. Bambi manages to defeat Ronno in battle and earn the rights to the doe's affections. Bambi is awakened shortly afterward by the smell of smoke, he follows it and discovers it leads to a hunter camp. Bambi is warned by his father; the two flee to safety, although Bambi is separated from Faline in the turmoil and searches for her along the way.
He soon finds her cornered by Man's vicious hunting dogs. Meanwhile at the "Man's" camp, their campfire spreads into the forest, resulting in a wildfire from which the forest residents flee in fear. Bambi, his father and the forest animals manage to reach shelter on a riverbank; the following spring, Faline gives birth to twins under Bambi's watchful eye as the new Great Prince of the Forest. Bambi, the film's title character and protagonist: Bobby Stewart as Baby Bambi Donnie Dunagan as Young Bambi Hardie Albright as Adolescent Bambi John Sutherland as Young Adult Bambi Thumper, a rabbit friend of Bambi's: Peter Behn as Young Thumper Tim Davis as Adolescent Thumper Sam Edwards as Young Adult Thumper Paula Winslowe as Bambi's Mother and the Pheasant Flower, a striped skunk and another friend of Bambi's: Stan Alexander as Young Flower Tim Davis as Adolescent Flower Sterling Holloway as Young Adult Flower Will Wright as Friend Owl Faline, a female deer whom Bambi falls in love with: Cammie King as Young Faline Ann Gillis as Young Adult Faline Fred Shields as Great Prince of the Forest Margaret Lee as Mrs. Rabbit Mary Lansing as Aunt Ena and Mrs. Possum Perce Pearce as Mr. Mole ^ Sources differ on whether Sutherland voiced Young Adult Bambi.
In 1933, Sidney Franklin, a producer and director at Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer, purchased the film rights to Felix Salten's novel Bambi, A Life in the Woods, intending to adapt it as a live-action film. After years of experimentation, he decided that it would be too difficult to make such a film and he sold the film rights to Walt Disney in April 1937. Disney began work on crafting an animated adaptation intending it to be the company's second feature-length animated film and their first to be based on a specific, recent work. However, the original novel was written for an adult audience, was considered too "grim" and "somber" for a regular light-hearted Disney film; the artists discovered that it would be challenging to animate deer realistically. These difficulties resulted in Disney putting production on hold while the studio worked on several other projects. In 1938
Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs (1937 film)
Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs is a 1937 American animated musical fantasy film produced by Walt Disney Productions and released by RKO Radio Pictures. Based on the German fairy tale by the Brothers Grimm, it is the first full-length cel animated feature film and the earliest Disney animated feature film; the story was adapted by storyboard artists Dorothy Ann Blank, Richard Creedon, Merrill De Maris, Otto Englander, Earl Hurd, Dick Rickard, Ted Sears and Webb Smith. David Hand was the supervising director, while William Cottrell, Wilfred Jackson, Larry Morey, Perce Pearce, Ben Sharpsteen directed the film's individual sequences. Snow White premiered at the Carthay Circle Theatre on December 21, 1937, followed by a nationwide release on February 4, 1938, it was a critical and commercial success, with international earnings of $8 million during its initial release held the record of highest-grossing sound film at the time. The popularity of the film has led to its being re-released theatrically many times, until its home video release in the 1990s.
Adjusted for inflation, it is one of the top-ten performers at the North American box office. Snow White was nominated for Best Musical Score at the Academy Awards in 1938, the next year, producer Walt Disney was awarded an honorary Oscar for the film; this award was unique. They were presented to Disney by Shirley Temple. In 1989, the United States Library of Congress deemed the film "culturally or aesthetically significant" and selected it for preservation in the National Film Registry; the American Film Institute ranked it among the 100 greatest American films, named the film as the greatest American animated film of all time in 2008. Disney's take on the fairy tale has had a significant cultural impact, resulting in popular theme park attractions, a video game, a Broadway musical. Snow White is a lonely princess living with a vain Queen; the Queen worries that Snow White will look better than she, so she forces Snow White to work as a scullery maid and asks her Magic Mirror daily "who is the fairest one of all".
For years the mirror always answers. One day, the Magic Mirror informs the Queen; the jealous Queen orders her Huntsman to take Snow White into the forest and kill her. She further demands that the huntsman return with Snow White's heart in a jeweled box as proof of the deed. However, the Huntsman cannot bring himself to kill Snow White, he tearfully begs for her forgiveness, revealing the Queen wants her dead and urges her to flee into the woods and never look back. Lost and frightened, the princess is befriended by woodland creatures who lead her to a cottage deep in the woods. Finding seven small chairs in the cottage's dining room, Snow White assumes the cottage is the untidy home of seven orphaned children. In reality, the cottage belongs to seven adult dwarfs—named Doc, Happy, Bashful and Dopey—who work in a nearby mine. Returning home, they are alarmed to find their cottage clean and suspect that an intruder has invaded their home; the dwarfs find asleep across three of their beds. Snow White awakes to find the dwarfs at her bedside and introduces herself, all of the dwarfs welcome her into their home after she offers to clean and cook for them.
Snow White keeps house for the dwarfs while they mine for jewels during the day, at night they all sing, play music and dance. Meanwhile, the Queen discovers that Snow White is still alive when the mirror again answers that Snow White is the fairest in the land and reveals that the heart in the jeweled box is that of a pig. Using a potion to disguise herself as an old hag, the Queen creates a poisoned apple that will put whoever eats it into the "Sleeping Death", a curse she learns can only be broken by "love's first kiss", but is certain Snow White will be buried alive. While the Queen goes to the cottage while the dwarfs are away, the animals are wary of her and rush off to find the dwarfs. Faking a potential heart attack, the Queen tricks Snow White into bringing her into the cottage to rest; the Queen fools Snow White into biting into the poisoned apple under the pretense that it is a magic apple that grants wishes. As Snow White falls asleep, the Queen proclaims; the dwarfs return with the animals as the Queen leaves the cottage and give chase, trapping her on a cliff.
She tries to roll a boulder over them, but before she can do so, lightning strikes the cliff, causing her to fall to her death. The dwarfs return to their cottage and find Snow White dead, being kept in a deathlike slumber by the poison. Unwilling to bury her out of sight in the ground, they instead place her in a glass coffin trimmed with gold in a clearing in the forest. Together with the woodland creatures, they keep watch over her. A year a prince who had met and fallen in love with Snow White learns of her eternal sleep and visits her coffin. Saddened by her apparent death, he kisses her, which awakens her; the dwarfs and animals all rejoice. Adriana Caselotti as Snow White: Snow White is a young princess, her stepmother has forced her to work as a scullery maid in the castle. Despite this, she retains a naïve demeanor. Marge Belcher served as the live-action model. Lucille La Verne as Queen Grimhilde / Witch: The Queen is the stepmother of Snow White. Once her magic mirror says that Snow White is the "fairest" instead of her, she enlists Humbert the huntsman to kill her in the woods.
After she discovers that Snow White did not die, she disguises herself as
Robert B. Sherman
Robert Bernard Sherman was an American songwriter who specialized in musical films with his brother Richard Morton Sherman. According to the official Walt Disney Company website and independent fact checkers, "the Sherman Brothers were responsible for more motion picture musical song scores than any other songwriting team in film history." Some of the Sherman Brothers' best known songs were incorporated into live action and animation musical films including: Mary Poppins, The Happiest Millionaire, The Jungle Book, The Many Adventures of Winnie the Pooh, Chitty Chitty Bang Bang, The Slipper and the Rose, Charlotte's Web. Their best-known work, remains the theme park song "It's a Small World". According to Time.com, this song is the most performed song of all time. Robert Bernard Sherman was born on December 19, 1925, in New York City, to Russian Jewish immigrants, Rosa and Al Sherman. Al Sherman, a songwriter, paid for Robert's hospital delivery costs with a royalty check that had arrived that day for the song "Save Your Sorrow".
His brother and songwriting partner, was born in 1928. Sherman's father became a well known Tin Pan Alley songwriter; as a youth, Robert Sherman excelled in intellectual pursuits, taking up the violin and piano and writing poetry. Following seven years of frequent cross-country moves, the Shermans settled down in Beverly Hills, California; some of the primary schools Robert attended in Manhattan included PS 241 and the Ethical Culture Fieldston School. Throughout his years at Beverly Hills High School, he wrote and produced radio and stage programs for which he won much acclaim. At age 16, he wrote Armistice and Dedication Day, a stage play centered on contemporary 1940s Americans that showed how their lives were inextricably changed following the December 7, 1941, attack on Pearl Harbor; the play yielded thousands of dollars for War Bonds and earned a special citation from the War Department. In 1943, Sherman obtained permission from his parents to join the army a year early, at age 17. On April 12, 1945, Sherman was shot in the knee, forcing him to walk with a cane for the rest of his life.
For being wounded during battle, Sherman was awarded the Purple Heart medal. Other medals received by Sherman for service to his country were the Combat Infantryman Badge, two Battle Stars for his European-African-Middle Eastern Campaign Medal, an American Campaign Medal, a World War II Victory Medal, a Good Conduct Medal. In addition, Sherman was awarded several Army Weapons Qualifications badges. While recuperating from his knee injury in Taunton and Bournemouth in England, Sherman first became curious about British culture, reading anything he could find on the subject. Once back on his feet, Sherman met and became friends with many British citizens, attaining first-hand knowledge of the United Kingdom, its customs and people. Years Sherman credited this time in his life as the origin of his fascination with England, believing that it proved an invaluable resource to his songwriting career. Many of his best-known works center around English stories and subject matter. During World War II Robert B. Sherman received these awards: On his return to the United States, Sherman attended Bard College in upstate New York where he majored in English Literature and painting.
Sherman served as the editor-in-chief of The Bardian, the campus newspaper. At Bard, Sherman completed his first two novels, The Best Estate and Music and Painted Eggs, he graduated in the class of 1949. On May 12, 1990, Sherman received an honorary doctorate from Lincoln College. Within two years and his brother Richard began writing songs together on a challenge from their father, Al Sherman, a successful popular songwriter in the "Tin Pan Alley" days. In 1958, Sherman founded the music publishing company, Music World Corporation, which worked with Disney's BMI publishing arm, Wonderland Music Company; that same year, the Sherman Brothers had their first Top Ten hit with "Tall Paul", sung by Annette Funicello. The success of this song attracted the attention of Walt Disney who hired the Sherman Brothers as Staff Songwriters for Walt Disney Studios. While at Disney, the Sherman Brothers wrote what is their most recognized song: "It's a Small World" for the 1964 New York World's Fair. In 1965, the Sherman Brothers won two Academy Awards for Mary Poppins – Best Original Score, which included "Feed The Birds", "Supercalifragilisticexpialidocious".
Since Mary Poppins' premiere, Robert B. Sherman subsequently earned 9 Academy Award nominations, 2 Grammy Awards, 4 Grammy Award nominations and 23 gold and platinum albums. Robert and Richard Sherman worked directly for Walt Disney until Disney's death in 1966. After leaving the company, the brothers worked freelance as songwriters on scores of motion pictures, television shows, theme park exhibits and stage musicals, their first non-Disney assignment came with Albert R. Broccoli's motion picture production Chitty Chitty Bang Bang in 1968 which garnered the brothers their third Academy Award Nomination. In 1973, the Sherman Brothers made history by becoming the only Americans to win First Prize at the Moscow Film Festival for Tom Sawyer for which they authored the screenplay; the Slipper and the Rose was picked to be the Royal Command Performance of the year and was attended by Queen Elizabeth. A modern musical adaptation of the classic Cinderella story, Slipper features both song-score and screenplay by the Sherman Brothers.
That same year the Sherman Brothers received their star on the Hollywood "Wa