SUMMARY / RELATED TOPICS

Lucien Michard

Lucien Michard was a French racing cyclist and Olympic track champion. He won four successive world championships and lost a fifth though he crossed the line first, he won a gold medal in the sprint at the 1924 Summer Olympics in Paris. Lucien Michard was the son of a garage owner—"a stocky, severe-looking man whose bowler hat could be spotted a mile away"—in the northern Paris suburb of Saint-Denis He worked for his father but spent much of his time training at the Parc des Princes or the Cipale velodrome in Vincennes, he started racing in 1921, winning the Médaille competition for novices at the Vélodrome d'Hiver, "a frail and timid lad of 17...who would dominate the world scene for many years", as René de Latour described him. He became national sprint champion at 19. In 1924 he won the Olympic sprint, beating Jaap Meijer of the Netherlands, the world amateur championship, beating Lucien Faucheux of France, he turned professional in 1925. René de Latour wrote in Sporting Cyclist: I do not think I saw a sprinter ride as close as Michard did.

By'close', I mean not losing a bit of shelter provided by opponents much heavier than himself. It was always a beautiful show for connoisseurs to see Michard following the giant Piet Moeskops - big enough to have been a super-heavyweight wrestler - elbow against hip, not losing an inch of protection. Michard won the world professional championship in four successive years, starting at Cologne in 1927. In fact he amid unusual circumstances. Michard beat Jef Scherens in the semi-final of the championship at Copenhagen in 1931 and reached the final against the local rider, Willy Falk Hansen. Hansen had, like Michard, won the world sprint championship and Olympic kilometre in 1928 but he was not seen as a contender against Michard. Michard finished half a metre ahead of Hansen and appeared to have become world champion for a record fifth year, he and Hansen circled the track together and Hansen raised Michard's arm in acknowledgement of victory. Moments the announcer said it was Hansen who had won.

There was immediate commotion around the chief judge, Alban Collignon, president of the Belgian Cycling Association. He realised his mistake, he had watched the riders start the run to the line and had seen Hansen on the inside of the track and Michard outside him. The winner crossed the line on the inside of the track and Collignon announced him as Hansen; the two riders had, changed position and it was Michard who won. Collignon was willing to change his decision but the rules prevented it; the rule was. It was intended to stop riders disputing a result; that was what it prevented for both Hansen and Michard, but the Union Cycliste Internationale hadn't foreseen that a judge might wish to change his mind. Michard challenged the UCI but the court ruled the event was out of its authority and the UCI did not reverse the decision and Hansen wore the rainbow jersey of world champion for the rest of the year, he wore. Michard wore a jersey of his own; the episode ended Michard's career at the top. He was displaced by another little sprinter, Jef Scherens of Belgium, to whom Michard finished second in 1931 and 1933.

He did, win national championships in 1933, 1934 and 1935, before a strike with other riders against what they saw as poor payments at the Parc des Princes and Vélodrome d'Hiver led to a newspaper campaign which prompted his retirement. He began selling bicycles made under his name and sponsored a professional team in 1939 along with the tyre maker, Hutchinson. A road is named after him in Aiguillon. Record 500m flying start: 29" 800, 1932 Record kilometre flying start: 1' 07" 200, 1931 Record ½m: 56" 200, 1931 Record ¾m: 1' 29" 200, 1931 Record tandem 500m: 34" 800, 1938 Record tandem ½m: 52" 800, 1938 Record tandem ¾m: 1' 08", 1938 Olympic sprint: 1924 World championship sprint: 1923, 1924, 1927, 1928, 1929, 1930 Coupe d'Europe: 1935 National sprint champion: 1922, 1924, 1925, 1927, 1928, 1929, 1930, 1933, 1934, 1935 National sprint champion juniors: 1923, 1924 National sprint champion military: 1924 Critérium International: 1936 Critérium National: 1934, 1936 Critérium National d'hiver: 1937 Challenge Victor Goddet: 1932, 1935 GP Riguelle: 1922 GP Paris: 1922, 1924, 1930, 1931, 1932, 1935, 1936 GP UVF: 1924, 1925, 1926, 1928, 1931, 1932 GP de la République: 1925, 1927, 1929, 1932 GP de la Toussaint: 1926 GP Copenhagen: 1927, 1929, 1930 GP Angoulême: 1928 GP Clermont: 1928, 1932 GP UCI: 1929, 1930, 1933, 1937 GP Brest: 1934 GP Amiens: 1934, 1935 GP Reims: 1934 GP Algiers: 1935 GP Cologne: 1935 GP Cognac: 1936

Tai Tau Chau (Sai Kung District)

Tai Tau Chau known for its less popular name Urn Island, is an island in the water body Sham Tuk Mun, Sai Kung District, Hong Kong. Inner Port Shelter and Rocky Harbour are in close proximity to the island; the name Urn Island was mentioned in Asiatic Pilot by the U. S. Hydrographic Office in 1910; the book described that vessels can enter Rocky Harbour from Port Shelter by passing through water passage near islets Urn Island and Yim Tin Tsai. The book recommands to use sea chart as a guide. Since the 1980s, some part of the island became. 62 species of vascular plant were discovered on the island. Several floating fish farms were located in the waters next to the island, known as Tai Tau Chau Fish Culture Zone. In 1982, councillors of the Sai Kung District Board, had requested to expand the area of the Fish Culture Zone, in order to accommodate fishermen from nearby Lap Sap Chau. In 1989, a refugee camp for Vietnamese was proposed to establish on High Island, a former island that near to the Fish Culture Zone.

Councillors and fishermen worried that sea water of the Fish Culture Zone would be polluted by the increasing human population. In the past, the fish rafts were used for commercial fish farming. Brown-dotted grouper and red grouper were the dominant species to culture in the Tai Tau Chau Fish Culture Zone. However, in recent years some of them were converted to use by the tourists for recreational fishing. Red tides were observed, affecting the Fish Culture Zone. In 2019, a teen tourist was drowned in a fish farm of the island