Iraklis B.C. (Thessaloniki)
Iraklis B. C. is a Greek professional basketball team, located in Thessaloniki. It serves as the basketball section of the multi-sport club G. S. Iraklis. Iraklis will play in the Greek A2 for the 2017–18 season; the team's colors are white. Iraklis has won the Greek National Championship in 1928 and 1935, has reached the Greek Cup final three times. Several international national team players have played for the club, including: Dimitris Diamantidis, Lazaros Papadopoulos, Sofoklis Schortsanitis, Nikos Chatzivrettas, Lefteris Kakiousis, Jure Zdovc, Vasily Karasev, as well as NBA stars such as Roy Tarpley, Xavier McDaniel, James Donaldson; the parent athletic club was founded in 1908, featured football. The club is named after the mythical Greek demigod; the basketball team of Iraklis was established in 1924. Iraklis won the inaugural Greek League championship in 1928. To win the championship, Iraklis had to eliminate AEK Athens and Near East, before beating VAO in the championship game; the team won its second Greek championship in 1935.
In the team's history, three times Iraklis finished in second place in the Greek Championship, three times Iraklis has been a Greek Cup Finalist, two times Iraklis made it to the semifinals of the European 2nd-tier level league Cup Winners' Cup. Iraklis reached the semifinals of the 1994–95 FIBA European Cup, where they competed against Taugrés. Iraklis won the first game 79–78, but lost the next two games, to be eliminated 2–1 in a best of three series. In 1996, an Iraklis team led by former NBA players Xavier McDaniel and Roy Tarpley, reached the Greek Cup Final Four. By beating Apollon Patras in the semifinal, Iraklis reached the final, where it lost 85–74 to Panathinaikos. Iraklis has twice competed in the top European continental competitions; the club played in the European top-tier level European Champions' Cup in the 1995–96 season, competed in the FIBA SuproLeague during the 2000–01 season. In 2006, Iraklis was relegated to the Greek A2 Basket League, after finishing 13th in the first-tier Greek League.
In 2010, after four seasons in the second-tier level Greek League, the team was promoted back up to the top-tier Greek Basket League. After one season in the Greek top-tier level, Iraklis was again relegated down to the A2, with two matches left in the season. At the end of the season, Iraklis chose to play in the third-tier level of Greek basketball, the Greek B Basket League, in order to clear its debts; the club was promoted to the Greek A2 Basket League in 2013, after finishing 2nd in its group, after Peristeri failed to receive financial clearance to participate in the league. Iraklis plays its home games in the Ivanofeio Sports Arena, an arena with a seating capacity of 2,443; the arena opened in 1987, it was expanded to its current capacity in 1991. Ivanofeio is situated in the Thessaloniki city center, it is owned by the GS Iraklis multi-sport club; the most prominent supporters' club of the team is Aftonomi Thira 10, a fan club with a total of 15 branches in Northern Greece. The fan club is known for holding an antiracist stance, as it participates in the Ultras Antiracist Festival.
Other activities of the fan club include the publication of a magazine, the conducting of an annual festival. Other minor supporters' clubs are SFISE, Blue Boys, A. P. A. T. S. I. and Iraklis Fan Club of Athens. In a 2013 opinion poll, Iraklis was ranked as the 6th most popular basketball club in Greece, gathering 2.8% of the participating supporters' votes. Greek internationals of Iraklis Total titles: 2 Greek LeagueWinners: 1927–28, 1934–35 Runners-up: 1935–36, 1961–62, 1963–64Greek CupRunners-up: 1980–81, 1993–94, 1995–96 FIBA Saporta CupSemifinalists: 1994–95, 1996–97 Basketball in Greece List of basketball clubs in Greece Greek basketball clubs in European competitions List of basketball clubs in Greece by major honours won Official Website and Eurobasket.com Team ProfilePressBlue Arena
Aris Basketball Club known in European competitions as Aris Thessaloniki, is the professional basketball team of the major Thessaloniki-based Greek multi-sport club A. C. Aris Thessaloniki. Aris BC was founded in 1922, eight years after the founding of the multi-sport club and the football team, their traditional home arena is Alexandreio Melathron. Aris BC is one of the most successful Greek basketball clubs of all time, tallying ten Greek League championships and eight Greek Cups, making the Double four times, they have won three European titles: the FIBA Saporta Cup, the FIBA Korać Cup and the FIBA EuroCup Challenge. They are one of only two non-relegated teams from the Greek League, with participation in every Greek First Division Championship until today. Aris holds the record for the most straight wins in the Greek League, at an amazing 80 consecutive wins in a row. Before the arrival of Nikos Galis to Aris, the first European successes of the team, Greek basketball wasn't as competitive as it was in other European countries.
Aris helped to establish basketball in Greece, to increase its popularity across the country. Under the leadership of the legendary duo of Nikos Galis and Panagiotis Giannakis, Aris was the dominant force in Greek basketball during the 1980s and early 1990s, it is for this period of dominance that Aris BC has been nicknamed "The Emperor", was voted the most successful Greek sporting club of the 20th century. Aris is one of the most renown Greek clubs in European basketball, participating in three consecutive FIBA European Champions Cup Final Fours, on winning three lower-tier level European titles; the historic win of the FIBA Korać Cup in the 1996–97 season in particular, bolstered the notion that Aris has a unique place in the history of Greek basketball, in the history of Greek sports in general. Well-known notable players that have played with the club over the years, among others, include: Nikos Galis, Panagiotis Giannakis, Nikos Filippou, Lefteris Subotić, Miroslav Pecarski, Reggie Theus, Walter "The Truth" Berry, Roy Tarpley, Stojko Vranković, Žarko Paspalj, Edgar Jones, Tiit Sokk, Panagiotis Liadelis, Harold Ellis, Joe Arlauckas, Giorgos Sigalas, José Ortiz, Andrew Betts, Nikos Chatzivrettas, Nestoras Kommatos, Will Solomon, Smush Parker, Michalis Kakiouzis, Dimos Dikoudis, Mahmoud Abdul-Rauf, Jeremiah Massey, Kostas Papanikolaou, Kostas Sloukas, Bryant Dunston, Okaro White and Sasha Vezenkov.
Aris BC, the basketball branch of Aris Thessaloniki AC, was founded in 1922, 8 years after the founding of Aris AC. The sport of basketball was still new to Greece having been introduced in the country in 1919. In those days, the teams shared a single open-air court, Aris competed in the local Thessaoloniki regional championship, which it won 5 times, in the years 1926–30. During these first steps of the sport, it was significant the contribution of the Armenian community of the city, with players like Exoutzian, Benlian, Kontaxian, Karabetian and Jamjian; the first nationwide Greek Championship was held in 1927–28, Aris BC won its first Greek championship title on 23 April 1930, after beating ΧΑΝΘ with a score of 32–22. Aris created a remarkable tradition in basketball, with notable figures, like Faidon Matthaiou and Anestis Petalidis, coach of the team for two decades; the first appearance by Aris in an official international European-wide competition was during the 1966–67 season, when they participated in the 2nd-tier level European Cup Winner's Cup, as the Greek League runners-up.
From that season onward, Aris acquired the Alexandreio Melathron as its home court, which it still is to this day. The post-World War II Greek League period was marked by the dominance of basketball teams from Athens, but this all began to change in 1979. In that year, Aris won their first Greek League championship in the modern era through the inspired play of Charis Papageorgiou, the coaching of Giannis Ioannidis, an ex-player of the team, it helped provide the spark for the complete domination of Greek basketball by Aris, during the second half of the 1980s and the early 1990s. If that first Greek championship was the spark the fuel for Aris' brilliant stint at the top of the sport was undoubtedly Nikos Galis, thought by many Greek basketball fans to be the best Greek basketball player of all time, one of the best in Europe. Galis, the son of Rhodian immigrants from New Jersey, signed on to the team in October 1979, played his first game against Iraklis Thessaloniki in December of that year, scoring 30 points.
Fred Develey, the former coach of Maccabi Tel Aviv, who became coach of Aris, was instrumental in convincing the management that Galis would not only change Greek basketball, but that he would change Greek basketball in Europe. The management was more concerned about his lack of height than his ability, until they saw him play, it would take another four years for Aris to rise to the top of the Greek League again, winning the national championship in 1983, with Galis taking the game in Greece to new heights, showing coordination and creativity, unprecedented in Greek courts, beating powerhouse rivals like Olympiacos and Panathinaikos single-handed. That year marked the return of Giannis Ioannidis to the Aris bench as coach. A successful 1983–1984 season had a bitter ending, as Aris battled for both the Greek League championship and the Greek Cup, but lost the national cup final to crosstown rivals PAOK, the l
Oscar Robertson Trophy
The Oscar Robertson Trophy is given out annually to the outstanding men's college basketball player by the United States Basketball Writers Association. The trophy is considered to be the oldest of its kind and has been given out since 1959. USBWA College Player of the Year was started in 1959, which makes it the oldest running trophy for the college player of the year; the USBWA annually selects a player of the year and All-America teams for both men and women in college basketball. The USBWA men's player of the year award is now called the Oscar Robertson Trophy; the USBWA selects a national coach of the year for men and women, with the men's award named after legendary coach Henry Iba. It was renamed after the college and professional legend Oscar Robertson in 1998. Five nominees are presented and the individual with the most votes receives the award during the NCAA Final Four; the Oscar Robertson Trophy known as the Player of the Year Award, was renamed in 1998 because of Robertson’s outstanding career and his continuing efforts to promote the game of basketball.
He averaged 32.6 points per game in his sophomore year at Cincinnati. List of U. S. men's college basketball national player of the year awards "Oscar Robertson Trophy". Sportswriters.net. United States Basketball Writers Association. Retrieved March 12, 2011
NABC Player of the Year
The NABC Player of the Year is an award given annually by the National Association of Basketball Coaches to recognize the top player in men's college basketball. The award has been given since the 1974–75 season to National Collegiate Athletic Association Division I basketball players; the association added awards for Division II and Division III players in 1983, for National Association of Intercollegiate Athletics and junior college players in 2008. The awards have been sponsored by State Farm Insurance. In Division I, Duke has the most all-time winners with six, their rival, North Carolina, as well as Kansas are tied for second with four winners. There have been three ties for NABC Player of the Year, only two players have won the award multiple times. In Division II, Virginia Union has four winners, the most all-time, is followed by Kentucky Wesleyan which has three. Only one tie has occurred. In Division III, Potsdam State has the most all-time winners with three, while six other schools are tied for second with two winners apiece.
There have been four repeat winners. At the NAIA level, there is a distinction between NAIA Division NAIA Division II winners. Since the awards began in 2008, no school or individual player has received the award multiple times. In junior college, every winner has been a sophomore and has gone on to play at an NCAA Division I school after their community college careers have ended. For the 2007–08 season, Ryan Fiegi, a senior point guard at Oregon Tech, was named the player of the year. Beginning in 2008–09, the NAIA began awarding players of the year for Divisions I and II. Since community college players only attend for two years, these players are only either freshmen or sophomores. Afterwards, they move on to a four year university to finish their last two seasons of NCAA eligibility; the "University" column reflects which team these players would play for following their JuCo careers. List of U. S. men's college basketball national player of the year awards Official website
New York (state)
New York is a state in the Northeastern United States. New York was one of the original thirteen colonies. With an estimated 19.54 million residents in 2018, it is the fourth most populous state. To distinguish the state from the city with the same name, it is sometimes called New York State; the state's most populous city, New York City, makes up over 40% of the state's population. Two-thirds of the state's population lives in the New York metropolitan area, nearly 40% lives on Long Island; the state and city were both named for the 17th century Duke of York, the future King James II of England. With an estimated population of 8.62 million in 2017, New York City is the most populous city in the United States and the premier gateway for legal immigration to the United States. The New York metropolitan area is one of the most populous in the world. New York City is a global city, home to the United Nations Headquarters and has been described as the cultural and media capital of the world, as well as the world's most economically powerful city.
The next four most populous cities in the state are Buffalo, Rochester and Syracuse, while the state capital is Albany. The 27th largest U. S. state in land area, New York has a diverse geography. The state is bordered by New Jersey and Pennsylvania to the south and Connecticut and Vermont to the east; the state has a maritime border with Rhode Island, east of Long Island, as well as an international border with the Canadian provinces of Quebec to the north and Ontario to the northwest. The southern part of the state is in the Atlantic coastal plain and includes Long Island and several smaller associated islands, as well as New York City and the lower Hudson River Valley; the large Upstate New York region comprises several ranges of the wider Appalachian Mountains, the Adirondack Mountains in the Northeastern lobe of the state. Two major river valleys – the north-south Hudson River Valley and the east-west Mohawk River Valley – bisect these more mountainous regions. Western New York is considered part of the Great Lakes region and borders Lake Ontario, Lake Erie, Niagara Falls.
The central part of the state is dominated by the Finger Lakes, a popular vacation and tourist destination. New York had been inhabited by tribes of Algonquian and Iroquoian-speaking Native Americans for several hundred years by the time the earliest Europeans came to New York. French colonists and Jesuit missionaries arrived southward from Montreal for trade and proselytizing. In 1609, the region was visited by Henry Hudson sailing for the Dutch East India Company; the Dutch built Fort Nassau in 1614 at the confluence of the Hudson and Mohawk rivers, where the present-day capital of Albany developed. The Dutch soon settled New Amsterdam and parts of the Hudson Valley, establishing the multicultural colony of New Netherland, a center of trade and immigration. England seized the colony from the Dutch in 1664. During the American Revolutionary War, a group of colonists of the Province of New York attempted to take control of the British colony and succeeded in establishing independence. In the 19th century, New York's development of access to the interior beginning with the Erie Canal, gave it incomparable advantages over other regions of the U.
S. built its political and cultural ascendancy. Many landmarks in New York are well known, including four of the world's ten most-visited tourist attractions in 2013: Times Square, Central Park, Niagara Falls, Grand Central Terminal. New York is home to the Statue of Liberty, a symbol of the United States and its ideals of freedom and opportunity. In the 21st century, New York has emerged as a global node of creativity and entrepreneurship, social tolerance, environmental sustainability. New York's higher education network comprises 200 colleges and universities, including Columbia University, Cornell University, New York University, the United States Military Academy, the United States Merchant Marine Academy, University of Rochester, Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, Rockefeller University, which have been ranked among the top 40 in the nation and world; the tribes in what is now New York were predominantly Algonquian. Long Island was divided in half between the Wampanoag and Lenape; the Lenape controlled most of the region surrounding New York Harbor.
North of the Lenape was the Mohicans. Starting north of them, from east to west, were three Iroquoian nations: the Mohawk, the original Iroquois and the Petun. South of them, divided along Appalachia, were the Susquehannock and the Erie. Many of the Wampanoag and Mohican peoples were caught up in King Philip's War, a joint effort of many New England tribes to push Europeans off their land. After the death of their leader, Chief Philip Metacomet, most of those peoples fled inland, splitting into the Abenaki and the Schaghticoke. Many of the Mohicans remained in the region until the 1800s, however, a small group known as the Ouabano migrated southwest into West Virginia at an earlier time, they may have merged with the Shawnee. The Mohawk and Susquehannock were the most militaristic. Trying to corner trade with the Europeans, they targeted other tribes; the Mohawk were known for refusing white settlement on their land and banishing any of their people who converted to Christianity. They posed a major threat to the Abenaki and Mohicans, while the Susquehannock conquered the Lenape in the 1600s.
The most devastating event of the century, was the Beaver Wars. From 1640–1680, Iroquoian peoples waged campaigns which extended from modern-day Michigan to Virginia against Algonquian and Siouan tribes, as well as each other; the ai
Greek Basket League
The Greek Basket League also referred to as the Greek Basketball League, Greek A1 Basketball League, or Greek Basketball Championship, known as the betshop.gr Basket League for sponsorship reasons, is the first tier professional basketball league in Greece. It is run under the legal authority of the Hellenic Basketball Federation; the league is known as the Betshop.gr Basket League for sponsorship reasons. It consists of 14 teams and runs from October to June, with teams playing 26 games each during the regular season, the top 8 teams competing in the playoffs; the first official Greek Basketball Championship was held in the 1927–28 season. The league first held a playoff round in the 1986–87 season; the league has always been ranked as one of the top 3-5 level national domestic leagues in European basketball, since league rankings began. For further information, see historical European national basketball league rankings, European national basketball league rankings. Greek basketball clubs in international competitions Basketball first came to Greece in the year 1919.
The first Greek basketball championship took place in the 1927–28 season, the first organized Greek basketball championship began. The league was organized by the Hellenic Amateur Athletic Association. There have been four different official championship eras; the first era was the Panhellenic Championship, which lasted from the 1927–28 to 1962–63 seasons, when the champions of every regional district played each other to decide the Greek Champion. The second era started in the 1963–64 season, when the A National Category, or Alpha National Category was founded. In 1969, the Hellenic Basketball Federation took over the duties of overseeing the competition, did so until the year 1992; the third era of the championship existed between the 1986–87 and 1991–92 seasons, when the first division A1 National Category, with a regular season and playoffs, the second division A2 National Category were formed. The 1988–89 season, marked the first time that Greek Basket League teams were allowed to have foreign players on their rosters.
The fourth era of the championship began in the 1992–93 season, when the Hellenic Basketball Clubs Association took over the competition and renamed the first division the HEBA A1. The league was renamed to Greek Basket League, starting with the 2010–11 season; the Greek League has been one of the most competitive basketball leagues in Europe through the years, it was regarded as the second best national domestic league in the world, after only the NBA, in the 1990s decade. It ranks among the best national domestic leagues in the world, such as Liga ACB in Spain, VTB United League, BSL in Turkey, it has always been considered one of the top 3-5 European national domestic leagues under the historical European national basketball league rankings and European national basketball league rankings. The league has several European historical basketball powers, which belong to some of the most traditional European basketball clubs Panathinaikos, Olympiacos and AEK, which are three of the most successful European basketball clubs of all-time.
Aris, led by Nikos Galis, Panagiotis Giannakis, Slobodan "Lefteris" Subotić, was the dominant Greek club, one of the most powerful European teams in the 1980s. Other clubs that have had significant success throughout the history of Greek basketball, as well as success in European basketball, are PAOK and Panellinios; the first five aforementioned clubs, are the most supported by fans in Greece. Despite the championship having been contested 78 times, only nine different clubs have won it so far; the dominating club has been Panathinaikos, having claimed the championship 37 times. Since the foundation of the Alpha National Category in the 1963–64 season, only two teams have participated in every season of the competition and Aris. 1927–28 to 1962–63: Panhellenic Championship 1963–64 to 1985–86: Alpha National Category 1986–87 to 1991–92: Alpha1 National Category 1992–93 to 2011–12: HEBA Alpha1 2012–13 to present: Greek Basket League betshop.gr OPAP Scratch Stoiximan.gr Champion Spalding Cosmote Germanos Visit Greece Gatorade The main elements of the logo were changed in 2013.
The championship, in its current form, has been organized since the 1992–93 season by the Hellenic Basketball Clubs Association. 30 pro Greek basketball teams are split into two different divisions. The first division championship, called the "A1", in which 14 teams compete for the Greek National Championship, the second division championship, called the "A2", in which 16 teams compete for the second division crown; the bottom two place finishing teams each year in the A1 division standings are relegated to the A2 division, due to poor performance. While conversely, the top two teams each year from the A2 division are promoted to the A1 division, due to good performance. Greek clubs must play their home games in arenas that seat at least 1,000 people in order to play Greek domestic league matches. Several Greek clubs have two arenas that they use. One for domestic Greek League matches, one for European-wide matches. Greek clubs that play in the EuroLeague or the EuroCup, must play their home games in those leagues in arenas that fit the arena standards of those leagues.
A 5,000 seat
College basketball today is governed by collegiate athletic bodies including the United States's National Collegiate Athletic Association, the National Association of Intercollegiate Athletics, the United States Collegiate Athletic Association, the National Junior College Athletic Association, the National Christian College Athletic Association. Governing bodies in Canada include the Canadian Collegiate Athletic Association; each of these various organizations are subdivided into from one to three divisions based on the number and level of scholarships that may be provided to the athletes. Each organization has different conferences to divide up the teams into groups. Teams are selected into these conferences depending on the location of the schools; these conferences are put in due to the regional play of the teams and to have a structural schedule for each to team to play for the upcoming year. During conference play the teams are ranked not only through the entire NCAA, but the conference as well in which they have tournament play leading into the NCAA tournament.
The history of basketball can be traced back to a YMCA International Training School, known today as Springfield College, located in Springfield, Massachusetts. The sport was created by a physical education teacher named James Naismith, who in the winter of 1891 was given the task of creating a game that would keep track athletes in shape and that would prevent them from getting hurt; the date of the first formal basketball game played at the Springfield YMCA Training School under Naismith's rules is given as December 21, 1891. Basketball began to be played at some college campuses by 1893; the first known college to field a basketball team against an outside opponent was Vanderbilt University, which played against the local YMCA in Nashville, Tennessee, on February 7, 1893. The second recorded instance of an organized college basketball game was Geneva College's game against the New Brighton YMCA on April 8, 1893, in Beaver Falls, which Geneva won 3–0; the first recorded game between two college teams occurred on February 9, 1895, when Hamline University faced Minnesota A&M. Minnesota A&M won the game, played under rules allowing nine players per side, 9–3.
The first intercollegiate match using the modern rule of five players per side is credited as a game between the University of Chicago and the University of Iowa, in Iowa City, Iowa, on January 18, 1896. The Chicago team won the game 15-12, under the coaching of Amos Alonzo Stagg, who had learned the game from James Naismith at the Springfield YMCA. However, some sources state the first "true" five-on-five intercollegiate match was a game in 1897 between Yale and Penn, because although the Iowa team that played Chicago in 1896 was composed of University of Iowa students, it did not represent the university, rather it was organized through a YMCA. By 1900, the game of basketball had spread to colleges across the country; the Amateur Athletic Union's annual U. S. national championship tournament featured collegiate teams playing against non-college teams. Four colleges won the AAU tournament championship: NYU, Butler and Washburn. College teams were runners-up in 1915, 1917, 1920, 1921, 1932 and 1934.
The first known tournament featuring college teams was the 1904 Summer Olympics, where basketball was a demonstration sport, a collegiate championship tournament was held. The Olympic title was won by Hiram College. In March 1908, a two-game "championship series" was organized between the University of Chicago and Penn, with games played in Philadelphia and Bartlett, Illinois. Chicago swept both games to win the series. In March 1922, the 1922 National Intercollegiate Basketball Tournament was held in Indianapolis – the first stand-alone post-season tournament for college teams; the champions of six major conferences participated: Pacific Coast Conference, Southern Intercollegiate Athletic Association, Western Pennsylvania League, Illinois Intercollegiate Athletic Conference, Michigan Intercollegiate Athletic Association and Indiana Intercollegiate Athletic Association. The Western Conference and Eastern Intercollegiate League declined invitations to participate. Wabash College won the 1922 tournament.
The first organization to tout a occurring national collegiate championship was the NAIA in 1937, although it was surpassed in prestige by the National Invitation Tournament, or NIT, which brought six teams to New York's Madison Square Garden in the spring of 1938. Temple defeated Colorado in the first NIT tournament championship game, 60–36. In 1939, another national tournament was implemented by the National Collegiate Athletic Association; the location of the NCAA Tournament varied from year to year, it soon used multiple locations each year, so more fans could see games without traveling to New York. Although the NIT was created earlier and was more prestigious than the NCAA for many years, it lost popularity and status to the NCAA Tournament. In 1950, following a double win by the 1949–50 CCNY Beavers men's basketball team, the NCAA ruled that no team could compete in both tournaments, indicated that a team eligible for the NCAA tournament should play in it. Not long afterward, assisted by the 1951 scandals based in New York City, the NCAA tournament had become more prestigious than before, with conference champions and the majority of top-ranked teams competing there.
The NCAA tournament overtook the NIT by 1960. Through the 1960s and 1970s, with UCLA leading the way as winner