Myles Neil Brand was the 14th president of the University of Oregon. He was the 16th president of Indiana University, the 4th president of the United States' National Collegiate Athletic Association. Brand was born in New York, he played basketball as a college freshman. Brand earned his Bachelor of Science degree in philosophy from Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute in 1964, his Ph. D in philosophy from the University of Rochester in 1967. Prior to serving at Indiana University, Brand was president at the University of Oregon from 1989 to 1994. Brand's other administrative posts include provost and vice president for academic affairs, Ohio State University, 1986–89, he began his career in the department of philosophy, University of Pittsburgh, 1967–72. In 2003, he received an honorary degree in Doctor of Humane Letters from Oglethorpe University. On January 17, 2009, it was announced that he had been diagnosed with pancreatic cancer and that his long-term prognosis was not good, he died of the disease at age 67 on September 16, 2009.
He was interred at Crown Hill Cemetery in Indianapolis. Brand was president of Indiana University from 1994 through 2002. Brand oversaw the consolidation of the IU Medical Center Hospitals and Methodist Hospital to form Clarian Health Partners in 1997. Under his leadership, the university's endowment quadrupled and it became a leader annually in terms of overall private-sector support. Brand may be best known for terminating men's head basketball coach Bob Knight in 2000. Reactions to the firing were varied; the night of the firing a crowd estimated at 2,000, consisting of students, vandalized the Showalter Fountain, the university football field, marched on the president's on-campus home, the Bryan House. During this unrest, Brand was hanged in effigy. Despite his effectiveness as a fundraiser, Brand's firing of Bobby Knight caused his popularity among students and alumni to plummet. One of his most notable and nationally acclaimed speeches was to the National Press Club in 2001, entitled,'Academics First: Reforming Intercollegiate Athletics'.
He underscored the need for the academic community to acknowledge and address the disparities that exist between intercollegiate athletics and the true mission of higher education. In 2002 two years after he fired Bob Knight, Brand left Indiana University to become president of the National Collegiate Athletic Association, located in Indianapolis. Brand was the first college president to head the NCAA. Brand took the helm of the NCAA during a time when it was criticized for not valuing academics and education. Brand, a former college president and academic, was expected to bring new priorities to an institution governed by Cedric Dempsey, whose background was that of an athlete and athletic administrator. Brand vowed to improve the overall experience for student-athletes, helping them attain both an education and increasing postgraduate opportunities. In a speech to the National Press Club, Brand said that "intercollegiate athletics can be a vital force in America's culture, exemplifying the positive spirit and values of our way of life," but he expressed his strong belief "that academics must come first."
Brand has warned that the "arms race" among upper-echelon schools is the biggest dilemma confronting the NCAA's future success. "This escalation -- this spiraling -- of success demanding more success has good people of noble intentions chasing both the carrot and their tails," he said. Under his tenure the NCAA Executive Committee decided not to conduct championships on the campuses of member institutions where the use of nicknames and mascots representing American Indians is considered hostile and abusive. Brand established a system for tracking each team's graduation rates, brought attention to the fact that men's basketball teams had lower-than-average graduation rates. Following Brand's death, Senior Vice-President Jim Isch was named interim president on September 22, 2009. Former University of Washington president Mark Emmert was named as the new permanent president of the NCAA in late 2010. Entrance interview: Q&A with Myles Brand Myles Brand at Find a Grave
Mark Allen Emmert is the current president of the National Collegiate Athletic Association. He is the fifth CEO of the NCAA. Emmert was the 30th president of the University of Washington, his alma mater, taking office in June 2004, becoming the first alumnus in 48 years to lead UW, he left Washington on October 1, 2010, having announced his departure for the NCAA Presidency on April 27, 2010. Before Emmert became president of the University of Washington, he was chancellor at Louisiana State University and held faculty and administration positions at the University of Connecticut, Montana State University, University of Colorado. Emmert was born on December 16, 1952 in Fife and attended Fife High School, graduating in 1971, he studied at Green River Community College in Auburn, Washington before transferring in spring 1973 to the University of Washington, where he graduated with a Bachelor of Arts in 1975. He went on to earn a Master of Public Administration in 1976 and a PhD in 1983 from the Maxwell School of Citizenship and Public Affairs of Syracuse University.
Emmert served as provost and vice president for academic affairs at Montana State University from 1991 to 1995. In this role, he, along with the vice president for research, Robert Swenson, led a successful effort to increase research funding at the university from the National Science Foundation, he worked with Congressional leaders to gain support for new agricultural research facilities on campus and distance learning programs. The NCAA ruled that Montana State was guilty of a "lack of institutional control" in 1993, stemming from behavior that occurred before Emmert arrived at MSU; the ruling was reached at the time Emmert belonged to the university's senior management team, along with Jim Isch, a former NCAA official. The case related to academic fraud involving a recruit; the NCAA didn't rule on the case until after Emmert left for UConn in 1995. Emmert had no involvement with the athletic programs in his role as provost and was unaware of the investigation, nor was he named or implicated in any wrongdoing.
Emmert joined the University of Connecticut in 1995 as Provost and was promoted to the position of Chancellor for Academic Affairs, where he oversaw academic matters at the main campus in Storrs, as well as the regional campuses within the university system. He led a strategic planning effort that produced a facilities master plan for the Storrs campus, transforming the facilities on the campus with new buildings for students and research. Enrollment and research funding both increased during this time. During his tenure the university launched its first major fundraising campaign. Emmert oversaw the first two years of a ten-year-long, $1 billion construction project, UConn 2000, that added many new academic buildings, residence halls and landscape projects to the Storrs campus, new buildings and facilities to the regional campuses. UConn 2000 is credited with transforming the university; some of the projects became controversial because of charges of mismanagement in the facilities and contracting services.
These issues, which included more than $100 million lost due to mismanagement and more than 100 fire and safety code violations, did not come to light during Emmert's tenure. The vast majority of the projects were begun after Emmert's tenure. Something handwritten on Emmert's stationery in 1998 suggested he was aware of construction management challenges; some of the construction projects became the focus of a state investigation in 2005. Governor Rell called it "astonishing failure of oversight and management." Two administrators who oversaw the projects during this time were placed on leave and subsequently resigned six years after Emmert had left the university. Emmert was named Chancellor of LSU in 1999, he led the creation of the "Flagship Agenda," an effort credited with moving the university forward in its standing as an academic institution, an effort, still credited with advancing the university in significant ways. During his tenure the academic preparation of entering freshmen increased substantially.
Enrollment from across the country increased as well. LSU's research profile improved as a result of new research initiatives in computer science and coastal science, basic sciences. A number of academic construction projects commenced, including buildings and renovations for music and dramatic arts, marine biology and coastal studies, residence halls, the student union. Fund raising projects were begun that have resulted in dramatic improvements in the Ogden Honors College, the E. J. Ourso College of Business and the College of Engineering. Improvements were made to athletic facilities, most notably the creation of the Cox Communications Academic Center and expansion of Tiger Stadium, a new state-of-the-art enclosure for the campus mascot, Mike the Tiger, that has become a major attraction for visitors to campus. Emmert’s wife, DeLaine Emmert, was engaged in these fund raising efforts. State support for the university reached a then-historic high during Emmert's tenure. In 1999, Emmert hired Nick Saban as football coach.
LSU won the BCS Championship in 2004 under Saban's tutelage. The graduation rate of the LSU football team, among the lowest in the SEC when Emmert arrived, was among the highest by 2004. In 2001–02, a university instructor made accusations of academic fraud in the school's football program, including plagiarized papers and un-enrolled students showing up in class to take notes for football players. At the time, LSU was on NCAA probatio
Virtual International Authority File
The Virtual International Authority File is an international authority file. It is a joint project of several national libraries and operated by the Online Computer Library Center. Discussion about having a common international authority started in the late 1990s. After a series of failed attempts to come up with a unique common authority file, the new idea was to link existing national authorities; this would present all the benefits of a common file without requiring a large investment of time and expense in the process. The project was initiated by the US Library of Congress, the German National Library and the OCLC on August 6, 2003; the Bibliothèque nationale de France joined the project on October 5, 2007. The project transitioned to being a service of the OCLC on April 4, 2012; the aim is to link the national authority files to a single virtual authority file. In this file, identical records from the different data sets are linked together. A VIAF record receives a standard data number, contains the primary "see" and "see also" records from the original records, refers to the original authority records.
The data are available for research and data exchange and sharing. Reciprocal updating uses the Open Archives Initiative Protocol for Metadata Harvesting protocol; the file numbers are being added to Wikipedia biographical articles and are incorporated into Wikidata. VIAF's clustering algorithm is run every month; as more data are added from participating libraries, clusters of authority records may coalesce or split, leading to some fluctuation in the VIAF identifier of certain authority records. Authority control Faceted Application of Subject Terminology Integrated Authority File International Standard Authority Data Number International Standard Name Identifier Wikipedia's authority control template for articles Official website VIAF at OCLC
National Collegiate Athletic Association
The National Collegiate Athletic Association is a non-profit organization which regulates athletes of 1,268 North American institutions and conferences. It organizes the athletic programs of many colleges and universities in the United States and Canada, helps more than 480,000 college student-athletes who compete annually in college sports; the organization is headquartered in Indiana. In its 2016–17 fiscal year the NCAA took in $1.06 billion in revenue, over 82% of, generated by the Division I Men's Basketball Tournament. In August 1973, the current three-division system of Division I, Division II, Division III was adopted by the NCAA membership in a special convention. Under NCAA rules, Division I and Division II schools can offer scholarships to athletes for playing a sport. Division III schools may not offer any athletic scholarships. Larger schools compete in Division I and smaller schools in II and III. Division I football was further divided into I-A and I-AA in 1978. Subsequently, the term "Division I-AAA" was added to delineate Division I schools which do not field a football program at all, but that term is no longer used by the NCAA.
In 2006, Divisions I-A and I-AA were renamed the Football Bowl Subdivision and Football Championship Subdivision. Controversially, the NCAA caps the benefits that collegiate athletes can receive from their schools. There is a consensus among economists that these caps for men's basketball and football players benefit the athletes' schools at the expense of athletes. Intercollegiate sports began in the US in 1852 when crews from Harvard and Yale universities met in a challenge race in the sport of rowing; as rowing remained the preeminent sport in the country into the late-1800s, many of the initial debates about collegiate athletic eligibility and purpose were settled through organizations like the Rowing Association of American Colleges and the Intercollegiate Rowing Association. As other sports emerged, notably football and basketball, many of these same concepts and standards were adopted. Football, in particular, began to emerge as a marquee sport, but the rules of the game itself were in constant flux and had to be adapted for each contest.
The NCAA dates its formation to two White House conferences convened by President Theodore Roosevelt in the early 20th century in response to repeated injuries and deaths in college football which had "prompted many college and universities to discontinue the sport." Following those White House meetings and the reforms which had resulted, Chancellor Henry MacCracken of New York University organized a meeting of 13 colleges and universities to initiate changes in football playing rules. The IAAUS was established on March 31, 1906, took its present name, the NCAA, in 1910. For several years, the NCAA was a discussion group and rules-making body, but in 1921, the first NCAA national championship was conducted: the National Collegiate Track and Field Championships. More rules committees were formed and more championships were created, including a basketball championship in 1939. A series of crises brought the NCAA to a crossroads after World War II; the "Sanity Code" – adopted to establish guidelines for recruiting and financial aid – failed to curb abuses.
Postseason football games were multiplying with little control, member schools were concerned about how the new medium of television would affect football attendance. The complexity of those problems and the growth in membership and championships demonstrated the need for full-time professional leadership. Walter Byers a part-time executive assistant, was named executive director in 1951, a national headquarters was established in Kansas City, Missouri in 1952. Byers wasted no time placing his stamp on the Association. A program to control live television of football games was approved, the annual Convention delegated enforcement powers to the Association's Council, legislation was adopted governing postseason bowl games; as college athletics grew, the scope of the nation's athletics programs diverged, forcing the NCAA to create a structure that recognized varying levels of emphasis. In 1973, the Association's membership was divided into three legislative and competitive divisions – I, II, III.
Five years in 1978, Division I members voted to create subdivisions I-A and I-AA in football. Until the 1980s, the association did not offer women's athletics. Instead, the Association for Intercollegiate Athletics for Women, with nearly 1000 member schools, governed women's collegiate sports in the United States; the AIAW was in a vulnerable position. Following a one-year overlap in which both organizations staged women's championships, the AIAW discontinued operation, most member schools continued their women's athletics programs under the governance of the NCAA. By 1982 all divisions of the NCAA offered national championship events for women's athletics. A year in 1983, the 75th Convention approved an expansion to plan women's athletic program services and pushed for a women's championship program. By the 1980s, televised college football had become a larger source of income for the NCAA. In September 1981, the Board of Regents of the University of Oklahoma and the University of Georgia Athletic Association filed suit against the NCAA in district court in Oklahoma.
The plaintiffs stated that the NCAA's football tel
Michael Patrick Francesa is an American radio talk show host. Together with Chris Russo, he launched Mike and the Mad Dog in 1989 on WFAN in New York City, one of the most successful sports-talk radio programs in American history. On December 15, 2017, Francesa retired from his own show, Mike's On: Francesa on the FAN, airing in the afternoon drive slot occupied by Mike and the Mad Dog, he was succeeded by Chris Carlin, Maggie Gray and Bart Scott in the same time slot for the first ratings book of 2018. On April 27, 2018, WFAN announced that Francesa would return to the station for a three and a half hour afternoon show, a shorter shift than his original slot. Francesa started his career by spending six years at Pro Football Newsweekly, he was hired by CBS Sports in 1982 as a researcher, focusing on college sports. At CBS Sports, he was a behind-the-scenes, statistic-wielding editorial assistant, but network executives were so impressed by his knowledge that he was made a studio analyst for college basketball and football and acquired such a reputation that The New Yorker termed him "Brent Musburger’s brain."When he was a studio analyst at CBS Sports, he said the most common complaint he heard was about his New York accent.
ESPN tried to lure Francesa, as its studio expert on college football, college basketball and the NFL in 1991, but he declined their offer. Francesa announced on the radio that he quit CBS on April 1993 before the 1993 Final Four began; when WFAN was launched in 1987, Francesa applied for a host job. However, station management was looking for top-shelf types rather than someone with no experience, he was only offered a producer's job, which he ended up rejecting. With his then-wife Kate's encouragement, Francesa continued to pursue WFAN. WFAN gave him a job as a weekend host talking college football and basketball in August 1987; because of the positive reviews, Francesa began to guest-host other shows. Because of his initial success as a weekend and fill-in host, he was teamed with local New York City host Ed Coleman, the duo had a popular show on the 10 a.m.–2 p.m. slot. In 1989, WFAN was looking for hosts to replace the controversial Pete Franklin in the afternoon drive time period between 3 and 7 p.m.
Station management decided to team the knowledgeable, but somewhat dry Francesa with the young and vibrant Chris Russo. While Francesa's brand of sports commentating was considered hard-hitting and serious, Russo's was lighter and more entertaining; the show was dubbed the Mad Dog. The show gained popularity and was a staple of the New York sports scene from 1989 to 2008; the duo won the 2000 Marconi Award for Major Market Personality of the Year. They were the first sports-talk hosts to win the award. Francesa hosts a weekly radio show called The NFL Now, which has originated from WFAN since 1987, it became syndicated and at one time was simulcast on MSNBC and via video Webcast on NBCSports.com. The NFL Now became a syndicated program again when WBZ-FM in Boston started airing the show, a few weeks after the station's launch. Francesa on the FAN was seen on the YES Network from 2008 until 2014, he does the nightly "Sportstime" commentary on the CBS Radio Westwood One. Francesa contributed to the Imus in the Morning program with his views on sports while it aired on WFAN and Westwood One.
During his show's time on the YES Network, Francesa's trademark intro to a show hosted by himself was "From the studios of WFAN in New York and simulcast across the country on the YES Network, this is Mike's On: Francesa on the FAN." On August 14, 2008, it was announced that Russo had decided to leave WFAN, thus ended the Mike and the Mad Dog show two weeks shy of its 19th anniversary scenario. This ended two months of speculation of. At the same time, Francesa signed a five-year deal to stay at WFAN. September 8, 2008 marked the kickoff of Francesa's new WFAN program, which he announced on air would be called Mike'd Up, the same name as his former weekly television program on WNBC. On January 17, 2012, the show was renamed Mike's On. After Francesa left the show Mike'd Up: The Francesa Sports Final on WNBC, the television station retained the rights to the name of the show. NBC and CBS did not reach an agreement for the rights and WFAN changed the name. On September 10, 2012, Francesa fell asleep live on air during a segment with Yankees beat reporter Sweeny Murti.
He denied he had fallen asleep after national ridicule and mockery including fans calling into the show. On March 24, 2014, Francesa's show began broadcasting nationally on Fox Sports 1, he changed his trademark intro to the show to "From the studios of WFAN in New York and simulcast across the country on Fox Sports 1, this is Mike's On: Francesa on the FAN". The relationship with Fox Sports was tumultuous at times so, Francesa and Fox Sports did not renew the contract to continue simulcasting his radio show effective September 11, 2015. Francesa took primary responsibility for the relationship not succeeding. On March 30, 2016, Francesa and Russo hosted the Mike and the Mad Dog reunion show at Radio City Music Hall. On December 24, 2016, Francesa said goodbye on his last Mike Francesa Football Sunday after CBS didn't renew it for 2017. On January 19, 2016, Francesa stated that he planned to leave WFAN when his contract with the station expired at the end of 2017. On May 3, 2017, WFAN announced WFAN Presents: Mike Francesa, A Night to Remember, to be held at the LIU Post Tilles Center on November 15 at 7:30 p.m. WFAN held Francesa's Next-To-Last WFAN/New York Show Live From The Paley Center for Media.
Mike's final day on the air on WFAN was December 15, 2017. Mike sig