Streator is a city in LaSalle and Livingston counties in the U. S. state of Illinois. The city is situated on the Vermilion River 81 miles southwest of Chicago in the prairie and farm land of north-central Illinois, it is the center of the geographic region known as Streatorland. According to the 2010 census, the population of Streator was 13,710. Although settlements had existed in the area, they were not permanent. In 1824, surveyors for the Illinois and Michigan Canal which would extend from Chicago's Bridgeport neighborhood to the Illinois River, a tributary of the Mississippi River, arrived in this area of the Vermillion River, followed by homesteaders by the 1830s. In 1861, miner John O'Neill established a trading post called "Hardscrabble" because he watched loaded animals struggle up the river's banks. Another name for the new settlement was "Unionville". Streator received its current name to honor Worthy S. Streator, an Ohio industrialist who financed the region's first coal mining operation.
Streator received a town charter in 1868 and incorporated as a city in 1882. In 1882 Col. Ralph Plumb was elected as its first mayor. Streator's early growth was due to the coal mine, as well as a major glass manufacturer and its status as a midwestern railroad hub. Today Streator's economy is led by heavy-equipment manufacturer Vactor, food distributor U. S. Foodservice and glass bottle manufacturer Owens-Illinois; the city is the hometown of Clyde Tombaugh, who in 1930 discovered the dwarf planet Pluto, the first object to be discovered in what would be identified as the Kuiper belt. Streator hosts annual events including Streator Park Fest. Streator is governed by a Manager–council style of government, it maintains fire departments as well as a public works system. Its current mayor is Jimmie Lansford. Settlement in the region began with the Kaskaskia tribe of the Illiniwek Confederation; this Native American tribe's Grand Village was located on the north bank of the Illinois River in nearby Utica, Illinois.
The Kaskaskia "were hunters and gatherers, farmers and traders." The Illiniwek were the last remnants of the Mississippian culture. French explorers Father Jacques Marquette and Louis Jolliet were the first Europeans to enter this region during a visit to the Grand Village in 1673. Marquette established a mission at the village in 1675. In 1679, French explorer Robert de LaSalle ordered a fortification to be built at the site, known as Starved Rock; that year Iroquois attacked the Kaskaskia village and the 8,000 villagers dispersed. The French and local tribes again fortified the village and created Fort St. Louis, but the Iroqouis continued to attack; the settlement was abandoned by 1691. In the years after the initial exploration, the French settled their newly claimed territory as La Louisiane. During much of the 18th century the region was sparsely populated by French and American fur traders; the French ceded control of the part of the La Louisiane territory east of the Mississippi River to the British at the end of the French and Indian War in 1763.
Of this territory ceded by the French to Britain, the part extending down to the Ohio River was added to Britain's Quebec Province when the British Parliament passed the Quebec Act in 1774. During the American Revolutionary War, this region, added to Quebec was claimed by Virginia in 1778, after a victory over the British by George Rogers Clark at Kaskaskia. After the war, the area was included in the territory ceded by Britain to the United States under the Treaty of Paris; this area, south of what remained of Britain's Quebec but north of the Ohio River became the Northwest Territory created by the Congress on July 13, 1787. From part of this Northwest Territory area, the Indiana Territory was formed by the United States Congress on July 4, 1800; the city of Chicago served as the main impetus of growth in the area throughout the early 19th century, more to the region around Streator was the development of the Illinois and Michigan Canal in 1821. This canal connected Lake Michigan to the Mississippi River increasing shipping traffic in the region.
Land speculation in areas lining the canal and rivers ensued and towns sprouted quickly. Individual settlements in the Bruce Township region started as early as 1821. In 1861, John O'Neil established the first settlement in what was to become the city of Streator when he opened a small grocery and trading business. Streator began with coal. Vast beds of coal lie just beneath the surface throughout much of Illinois; the demand for coal was increasing in the mid-19th century, East Coast capitalists were willing to invest in this region. The area was known as Hardscrabble, "because it was a hard scrabble to cross the Vermilion River and get up the hill to where the town was first located"; the town was renamed Unionville in honor of the local men who fought for the Union during the Civil War. In 1866 Worthy S. Streator, a prominent railroad promoter from Cleveland, financed the region's first mining operation. Streator approached his nephew Col. Ralph Plumb at a railway station in December
Illinois's 11th congressional district
The 11th Congressional District of Illinois is represented by Democrat Bill Foster. From 1865 to 1867 the district included Bureau, LaSalle and Woodford counties. From 1901 until 1947 the 11th congressional district included Kane, DuPage, McHenry and Will Counties. Following the Congressional Apportionment Act of 1947, the district covered a portion of Cook County and the far northwest side of Chicago centered on Norwood Park; the district was not changed by 1951's redistricting. In 1961, the district was widened westward to the Des Plaines River and east into parts of Lincoln Square; the district covered the northwest side of Chicago until the early 1990s when it moved closer to its current area, encompassing most of LaSalle and Grundy Counties, the southern part of Will County, the northern part of Kankakee County and a small portion of southwestern Cook County. The Illinois Congressional Reapportionment Act of 2001 defined its boundaries following the U. S. Census 2000. Following the U. S. Census 2010 the district includes Joliet in Will County, parts of Naperville in southern DuPage County, Aurora in Kane County.
It includes the Argonne National Laboratory. The congressional district covers parts of Cook, Du Page, Kane and Will counties, as of the 2011 redistricting which followed the 2010 census. All or parts of Aurora, Darien, Montgomery, Lisle, Downers Grove, New Lenox and Woodridge are included; the representatives for these districts were elected in the 2012 primary and general elections, the boundaries became effective on January 5, 2013. Illinois's congressional districts List of United States congressional districts Martis, Kenneth C.. The Historical Atlas of Political Parties in the United States Congress. New York: Macmillan Publishing Company. Martis, Kenneth C.. The Historical Atlas of United States Congressional Districts. New York: Macmillan Publishing Company. Congressional Biographical Directory of the United States 1774–present 2002 Census of Agriculture – 11th Congressional District Profile District map Congressional district profiles Washington Post page on the 11th District of Illinois U.
S. Census Bureau – 11th District Fact Sheet Maps Illinois Districts in 1903. Illinois Districts following the Congressional Apportionment Act of 1947. Illinois Districts following the Congressional Apportionment Act of 1951. Illinois Districts following the Congressional Apportionment Act of 1961; as of May 2015, three former members of the U. S. House of Representatives from Illinois's 11th congressional district are alive
Admission to the bar in the United States
Admission to the bar in the United States is the granting of permission by a particular court system to a lawyer to practice law in the jurisdiction and before those courts. Each U. S. state and similar jurisdiction has its own court system and sets its own rules for bar admission, which can lead to different admission standards among states. In most cases, a person is "admitted" or "called" to the bar of the highest court in the jurisdiction and is thereby authorized to practice law in the jurisdiction. In addition, Federal Courts of the United States, although overlapping in admission standards with states, set their own requirements for practice in each of those courts. In the typical process, lawyers seeking admission must earn a Juris Doctor degree from a law school approved by the jurisdiction, in the states pass an exam administered by the attorney regulating authority of that jurisdiction. There is a character and fitness evaluation, which includes a background check. However, there are exceptions to each of these requirements.
A lawyer, admitted in one state is not automatically allowed to practice in any other. Some states have reciprocal agreements that allow attorneys from other states to practice without sitting for another full bar exam; the use of the term "bar" to mean "the whole body of lawyers, the legal profession" comes from English custom. In the early 16th century, a railing divided the hall in the Inns of Court, with students occupying the body of the hall and readers or Benchers on the other side. Students who became lawyers were "called to the bar", crossing the symbolic physical barrier and thus "admitted to the bar"; this was popularly assumed to mean the wooden railing marking off the area around the judge's seat in a courtroom, where prisoners stood for arraignment and where a barrister stood to plead. In modern courtrooms, a railing may still be in place to enclose the space, occupied by legal counsel as well as the criminal defendants and civil litigants who have business pending before the court.
The first bar exam in what is now the United States was instituted by Delaware Colony in 1763, as an oral examination before a judge. The other American colonies soon followed suit. By the late 19th century, the examinations were administered by committees of attorneys, they changed from an oral examination to a written one. Today, each state has its own rules which are the ultimate authority concerning admission to its bar. Admission to a bar requires that the candidate do the following: In most situations, earn a Juris Doctor from a law school approved by that state; the first law school in colonial America was not established until 1773. Abraham Lincoln is an example of a lawyer who did not attend law school, did not read with anyone else, stating in his autobiography that he "studied with nobody". Another telling example is Levi Woodbury, the 30th person appointed to the US Supreme Court, yet the first to have attended law school. In all United States jurisdictions except Maryland, Puerto Rico, Wisconsin, pass the Multistate Professional Responsibility Examination, an examination covering the professional responsibility rules governing lawyers.
This test is not administered at the same time as any U. S. bar exam. Most candidates sit for the MPRE while still in law school, right after studying professional responsibility, while the material is still fresh in their memory; some states require. Connecticut and New Jersey waive the MPRE for candidates who have received a grade of C or better in a law school professional ethics class. Pass a bar examination administered by the state bar association or under the authority of the supreme court of the particular state; as of June 2015, 16 jurisdictions have adopted the Uniform Bar Examination. Missouri and North Dakota were the first two states to administer the UBE, doing so in February 2011. Since Alabama, Arizona, Idaho, Minnesota, Nebraska, New Hampshire, New York, Utah and Wyoming have adopted and administered the UBE. According to the National Conference of Bar Examiners, which prepares the UBE, it is intended to "test knowledge and skills that every lawyer should be able to demonstrate prior to becoming licensed to practice law", "is uniformly administered and scored by user jurisdictions and results in a portable score."
UBE jurisdictions are allowed to additionally test candidates' knowledge of state-specific law, through either a test or course. The UBE consists of three parts:The Multistate Bar Examination, a standardized test consisting of 200 multiple-choice questions covering seven key areas of law: Constitutional law, Criminal law and Procedure, Federal Rules of Civil Procedure, Federal Rules of Evidence, Real Property and Torts. Examinees have three hours to answer 100 questions in a morning session and the same for an afternoon session; the MBE is administered on the last Wednesday in July. The Multistate Essay Examination, a uniform though not standardized test that examines a candidate's ability to analyze legal i
Brownsville is a borough in Fayette County, United States, first settled in 1785 as the site of a trading post a few years after the pacification of the Iroquois enabled a post-Revolutionary war resumption of westward migration. The Trading Post soon became a tavern and Inn, was soon receiving emigrants heading west as it was located above the cut bank overlooking first ford that could be reached to those descending from the Mountains Brownsville is located 40 miles south of Pittsburgh along the east bank of the Monongahela River. According to the United States Census Bureau, the borough of Brownsville, located as a county border town has a total area of 1.1 square miles, of which 0.97 square miles is land and 0.1 square miles, or 10.47%, is water—most of, the Fayette County half of the Monongahela River between the community and the flatter lands of opposite shore West Brownsville in Washington County. As a community, the town is the central population center for a number of outlying hamlets geographically tied to the town for the same reasons they were founded nearby—Western Pennsylvania has far more hills and steep slopes than flats or gentle sloping terrains suitable for settlement.
This keeps Brownsville at the nexus of the transportation infrastructure which grew up during its history. While no longer a passenger depot, the town and cross-River West Brownsville share an important Railway bridge creating a balloon loop allowing the turning of complete coal trains. Newest is the limited access toll road PA Route 43, which connects the town to strategic points and southern Pittsburgh at Clairton. River hugging PA Route 88, connects to towns up and down the Mon Valley and the historic National Road reached East Saint Louis and connected the town to the immigrants arriving in the port of Baltimore traveling west on the Cumberland Turnpike and the National Road. From its founding, well into the 19th century, as the first reachable population center west of the Alleghenies barrier range on the Mississippi watershed, the borough grew into an industrial center, market town, transportation hub, outfitting center, river boat-building powerhouse, it was a gateway destination for emigrants heading west to the Ohio Country when a trading post, the new United States' Northwest Territory and their "legal successors" for travelers heading westwards on the various Emigrant Trails both to the Near West and Far West from its founding until well into the 1850s.
As outfitting center, the borough provided the markets for the small-scale industries in the surrounding counties—and quite a few in Maryland shipping goods over the pass by mule-train via the Cumberland Narrows toll-route. Brownsville became a major center for building steamboats through the 19th century, producing 3,000 boats by 1888; the borough developed in the late 19th century as a railroad yard and coking center, with other industries related to the rise of steel in the Pittsburgh area. It reached a peak of population of more than 8,000 in 1940. Postwar development occurred in suburbs; the restructuring of the railroad and steel industries caused a severe loss of jobs and population in Brownsville, beginning in the 1970s. The borough had a population of 2,331 as of the 2010 census. Brownsville is located on the banks of the Monongahela River, a major tributary of the Ohio River, one of North America's most important waterways; the Monongahela is navigable at Brownsville, offers inexpensive barge transportation to Chicago, New Orleans, St.
Marks in Florida, Tulsa, Kansas City and Brownsville, Texas, on the border with Mexico. The shipyards of Brownsville, provided Captain Richard King of Brownsville, with powerful new-built riverboats to navigate the fast currents of the Rio Grande in 1849. Brownsville is connected to the satellite community of West Brownsville by the Brownsville Bridge completed in 1914, which spans the Monongahela River. In 1960, the Lane Bane Bridge was constructed just downstream, path of U. S. Route 40 was moved to the new high-level structure and new four lane highway by-passing old Route 40 until the two merged in the small bedroom neighborhood known locally as Malden In pre-Columbian times, the right bank Monongahela held several mounds where iron rich red stone predominated, now believed to have been constructed by a branch of the Mound Builders cultures, but were believed by colonials to have been forts—leading to the area near the river crossing being called Redstone Old Fort in various colonial government records, Fort Burd, when an arms cache was built there.
By the time the region first became known to Dutch colonists and traders and the French in the 1640s, the lands were unoccupied, but under the management of one tribe or shared by several groups of Iroquoian peoples the Erie people, or Wenro people and shared with Seneca, the Shawnee people and the Susquehannocks. With all the rivers and streams tributary to the Monongahela, Allegheny Rivers, there is little known about the region's precise role in the Beaver Wars of the 17th century, but when French and Dutch and Swedish fur traders penetrated to the Greater Ohio Basin in the 1640s-1650s, the one thing that seemed clear to those observers was the lands termed the Ohio Country seemed empty and unpopulated; when in the 17th century, the occasional Englishman, as provincial Virginian or Marylanders generated their observations the emptiness of the region was confirmed. Before the 1750s, the area was'colonized' by weakened remnant tribes such as the Delaware, the few Erie and the Susquehannock survivors the Iroquo
Mount Vernon, Illinois
Mount Vernon is a city in and the county seat of Jefferson County, United States. The population was 15,277 at the 2010 census. Mount Vernon is the principal city of the Mount Vernon Micropolitan Statistical Area, which includes all of Jefferson and Hamilton counties. Mt. Vernon was founded in 1817 by Zadok Casey, elected to the State Senate in 1822 and was elected Lieutenant Governor in 1833, he served in the U. S. Congress between 1833 and 1843; the town was named for George Washington's plantation, Mount Vernon, named for Edward Vernon, a British naval hero. When the town was founded, there was no road to it. Travelers had to get there by either following the high ground from the north or crossing the swamps from the south. In the early 19th century the Goshen Road crossed Illinois in a northwesterly direction from Old Shawneetown, Illinois to the Goshen Settlement, near what is now Edwardsville; this road was the main road in Illinois. When Mt. Vernon was first settled, the Goshen Road made a wide arc across Jefferson County, crossing Casey Creek and the Big Muddy north of Mt. Vernon, avoiding the swamps to the south, but bypassing Mt. Vernon.
The road entered the county at its southeast corner. It passed through, or near, what are now Opdyke, East Salem, Idlewood and Walnut Hill. However, it was apparent to the early settlers. In 1820 -- 1821, Ben Hood and Carter Wilkey built a bridge to the southeast of town; this bridge was near the present bridge on Illinois Route 142. A road was built from there northwest, over ground, now impassable, toward the old cemetery behind the modern Bethel Cemetery. Deep cuts through the old cemetery attest to the location of the road. From there the road followed modern Route 37 into town, somewhere shifting from 10th Street on west to 12th Street. After the state capital was moved to Vandalia in 1819, it became apparent that a road to Vandalia was needed. A party was sent out to the northwest to mark the road. In 1823, Thomas D. Minor and William Maxwell built the "Vandalia Road", now called the "Old Centralia Road." It runs northwest out of Mt. Vernon to Walnut Hill. Although legend says that this road is crooked because of the drunken state of the surveyors, the path is just the natural path of a pioneer road following the terrain.
After the bridge and the Vandalia Road were built, Mt. Vernon was "on the map." The bridge across Casey Creek and the Vandalia Road provided a much shorter path across Jefferson County than the original Goshen Road. The new Goshen Road soon captured most of the traffic, Mt. Vernon became an important stop on the road west. In 1836, Joshua Grant came to Mt. Vernon from Christian County, Kentucky with several of his sons and daughters, his family was an wealthy, slave-owning family, most of which soon moved to Arkansas because slavery was illegal in Illinois. Joshua left behind several daughters and one son, Angus McNeil Grant, who soon became important in the development of the town. "Upon his arrival, there were but four or five houses in the place, from that time to the present he has and ably exerted himself in securing to it the full development of its resources." Angus M. Grant's brother, Joshua Jr. taught school in Mt. Vernon in 1838; some sources cite him as the first schoolteacher in the town.
In 1848, in accordance with the new constitution of Illinois, the Illinois Supreme Court first Grand Division was relocated to Mt. Vernon. There were three divisions total comprised for the first and third areas of the state; the 5th District Appellate Court was constructed in 1854 and is still in use as the Appellate Court House. When the Supreme Court was in session, the important lawyers in Illinois, including Abraham Lincoln, gathered in Mt. Vernon to argue their cases; the lawyers gathered at the Mt. Vernon Inn, owned by Angus McNeil Grant and his in-laws, the Andersons; this building has been on the National Register of Historic Places since July 2, 1973. In the 1870s, Mt. Vernon for a time prohibited the sale of alcohol. A village called. A court fight held that the village was organized illegally. Mt. Vernon voted alcohol back in, the area of East Mt. Vernon was annexed into the city. On February 19, 1888, a tornado cut a path a half mile wide through Mt. Vernon, killing 37 people and destroying more than 450 houses.
The Jefferson County Courthouse was destroyed. This event was one of the first disasters. Clara Barton herself directed the relief efforts; the Mt. Vernon Car Manufacturing Company opened in 1889 after moving from Illinois; this relocation may have been an outgrowth of the relief efforts following the tornado. The Louisville and Nashville Railroad hauled in some 1,900 carloads of supplies for reconstruction of the town. Somehow, this effort translated into a major business building railroad cars, at first building about ten cars per day. By 1909, the car shops were producing 25 cars per day, employing more than 1000 workers, with a payroll of $60,000 per month. During World War II, portions of the "Car Shops", as they had to come to be known, were converted over to wartime production, including the production of bomb casings. Around 1939, a portion of the car shops was purchased by Precision Engineering, which built components for locomotives. During the 1970s, this company purchased old diesel/electric railroad locomotives, which it scrapped out or refurbished.
Today, the plant thrives as a hub for National Railway Equipment Company which rebuilds and services diesel electric locomotives for rail lines across the globe. In 1954, the car
57th United States Congress
The Fifty-seventh United States Congress was a meeting of the legislative branch of the United States federal government, composed of the United States Senate and the United States House of Representatives. It met in Washington, DC from March 4, 1901, to March 4, 1903, during the final six months of U. S. President William McKinley's presidency, the first year and a half of the first administration of his successor, U. S. President Theodore Roosevelt; the apportionment of seats in the House of Representatives was based on the Eleventh Census of the United States in 1890. Both chambers had a Republican majority. September 6, 1901: Leon Czolgosz shot President William McKinley at the Pan-American Exposition in Buffalo, New York September 14, 1901: President William McKinley died. Vice President Theodore Roosevelt became President of the United States October 16, 1901: President Roosevelt invited African American leader Booker T. Washington to the White House; the American South reacted angrily to the visit, racial violence increased in the region.
December 3, 1901: President Roosevelt delivered a 20,000-word speech to the House of Representatives, asking Congress to curb the power of trusts "within reasonable limits." February 22, 1902: Senators Benjamin Tillman and John L. McLaurin, both of South Carolina, have a fist fight while Congress is in session. Both Tillman and McLaurin were censured by the Senate on February 28. June 2, 1902: The Anthracite Coal Strike by the United Mine Workers began, continuing until October 21, 1902. July 4, 1902: The Philippine–American War ended June 17, 1902: Newlands Reclamation Act June 28, 1902: Isthmian Canal Act, Sess. 1, ch. 1302, 32 Stat. 481 January 21, 1903: Militia Act of 1903, 32 Stat. 775 February 11, 1903: Expediting Act, Sess. 2, ch. 544, 32 Stat. 823 February 19, 1903: Elkins Act March 3, 1903: Immigration Act of 1903, including §39, the Anarchist Exclusion Act Note: Fred T. Dubois was elected as a Silver Republican, but changed parties to Democratic after this Congress began. Democratic: 151 Republican: 200 Populist: 5 Silver: 1TOTAL members: 357 President: Theodore Roosevelt, until September 14, 1901.
President pro tempore: William P. Frye Democratic Caucus Chairman: James K. Jones Republican Conference Chairman: William B. Allison Speaker: David B. Henderson Democratic Caucus Chairman: James Hay Republican Conference Chairman: Joseph G. Cannon Majority Leader: Sereno E. Payne Majority Whip: James A. Tawney Minority Leader: James D. Richardson Minority Whip: James T. Lloyd This list is arranged by chamber by state. Senators are listed by class, Representatives are listed by district. Skip to House of Representatives, below At this time, Senators were elected by the state legislatures every two years, with one-third beginning new six-year terms with each Congress; the Senate class numbers, which indicate the cycle of their election, precede the names in the list below. In this Congress, Class 1 meant their term began in the last Congress, requiring reelection in 1904; the count below reflects changes from the beginning of the first session of this Congress. Note:Delaware's Class 1 Senate seat remained vacant for entire Congress due to the legislature's failure to elect.
Replacements: 4 Democratic: 1-seat gain Republican: 3-seat gain Populist: 1-seat loss Deaths: 3 Resignations: 0 Vacancy: 1 Total seats with changes: 6 replacements: 17 Democratic: 3 seat loss Republican: 3 seat gain deaths: 14 resignations: 5 contested elections: 2 Total seats with changes: 24 Lists of committees and their party leaders, for members of the committees and their assignments, go into the Official Congressional Directory at the bottom of the article and click on the link, in the directory after the pages of terms of service, you will see the committees of the Senate and Joint and after the committee pages, you will see the House/Senate committee assignments in the directory, on the committees section of the House and Senate in the Official Congressional Directory, the committee's members on the first row on the left side shows the chairman of the committee and on the right side shows the ranking member of the committee. Additional Accommodations for the Library of Congress Agriculture and Forestry Appropriations Audit and Control the Contingent Expenses of the Senate Canadian Relations Census Civil Service and Retrenchment Claims Coast and Insular Survey Coast Defenses Commerce Corporations Organized in the District of Columbia Cuban Relations Distributing Public Revenue Among the States District of Columbia Education and Labor Engrossed Bills Enrolled Bills Establish a University in the United States Examine the Several Branches in the Civil Service Expenditures in Executive Departments Finance Fisheries Five Civilized Tribes of Indians Foreign Relations Forest Reservations and the Protection of Game Geological Survey Immigration Immigration and Naturalization Indian Affairs Industrial Expositions Interoceanic Canals Interstate Commerce Irrigation and Reclamation Judiciary Library Manufactures Military Affairs Mines and Mining Mississippi River and its Tributaries National Banks Naval Affairs Pacific Islands and Puerto Rico Pacific Railroads Patents Pensions Philippines Post Office and Post Roads Potomac River Front Printing Private Land Claims Privileges and Elections Public Buildings and Grounds Public Health and National Quarantine Public Lands Railroads Revision of the Laws Revolutionary Claims Rules Standards, Weig
54th United States Congress
The Fifty-fourth United States Congress was a meeting of the legislative branch of the United States federal government, consisting of the United States Senate and the United States House of Representatives. It met in Washington, D. C. from March 4, 1895, to March 4, 1897, during the last two years of Grover Cleveland's presidency. The apportionment of seats in the House of Representatives was based on the Eleventh Census of the United States in 1890; the House had a Republican majority, the Republicans were the largest party in the Senate. May 21, 1896: Oil Pipe Line Act, ch. 212, 29 Stat. 127 May 22, 1896: Condemned Cannon Act, 29 Stat. 133 May 28, 1896: United States Commissioners Act, 29 Stat. 184 June 1, 1896: Married Women's Rights Act, 29 Stat. 193 June 6, 1896: Filled Cheese Act, 29 Stat. 253 January 13, 1897: Stock Reservoir Act, 29 Stat. 484, March 2, 1897: Tea Importation Act, 29 Stat. 604, January 4, 1896: Utah was admitted the 45th state. This count identifies party affiliations at the beginning of the first session of this Congress, includes members from vacancies and newly admitted states, when they were first seated.
Changes resulting from subsequent replacements are shown below in the "Changes in membership" section. President: Adlai E. Stevenson President pro tempore: William P. Frye Republican Conference Chairman: John Sherman Democratic Caucus Chairman: Arthur P. Gorman Democratic Campaign Committee Chairman: Charles James Faulkner Speaker: Thomas B. Reed Republican Conference Chairman: Charles H. Grosvenor Democratic Caucus Chairman: David B. Culberson This list is arranged by chamber by state. Senators are listed by class, Representatives are listed by district. Skip to House of Representatives, below Senators were elected by the state legislatures every two years, with one-third beginning new six-year terms with each Congress. Preceding the names in the list below are Senate class numbers, which indicate the cycle of their election. In this Congress, Class 1 meant their term began in the last Congress, requiring re-election in 1898; the names of members of the House of Representatives are preceded by their district numbers.
The count below reflects changes from the beginning of the first session of this Congress. Two seats were added when Utah was admitted and one seat was filled late. There were 4 deaths, 2 resignations, 13 election challenges, 1 new seat, 4 seats vacant from the previous Congress. Democrats had a 10-seat net loss. Lists of committees and their party leaders, for members of the committees and their assignments, go into the Official Congressional Directory at the bottom of the article and click on the link, in the directory after the pages of terms of service, you will see the committees of the Senate and Joint and after the committee pages, you will see the House/Senate committee assignments in the directory, on the committees section of the House and Senate in the Official Congressional Directory, the committee's members on the first row on the left side shows the chairman of the committee and on the right side shows the ranking member of the committee. Alcohol in the Arts Conditions of Indian Tribes Disposition of Executive Papers Investigate Charities and Reformatory Institutions in the District of Columbia Ford's Theater Disaster Democratic Democratic Architect of the Capitol: Edward Clark Librarian of Congress: Ainsworth Rand Spofford Public Printer of the United States: Thomas E. Benedict Chaplain: William H. Millburn Secretary: William Ruffin Cox Sergeant at Arms: Richard J. Bright Chaplain: Henry N. Couden Clerk: Alexander McDowell Clerk at the Speaker’s Table: Asher C.
Hinds Doorkeeper: William J. Glenn Postmaster: Joseph C. McElroy Reading Clerks: Sergeant at Arms: Benjamin F. Russell United States elections, 1894 United States Senate elections, 1894 and 1895 United States House of Representatives elections, 1894 United States elections, 1896 United States presidential election, 1896 United States Senate elections, 1896 and 1897 United States House of Representatives elections, 1896 Martis, Kenneth C.. The Historical Atlas of Political Parties in the United States Congress. New York: Macmillan Publishing Company. Martis, Kenneth C.. The Historical Atlas of United States Congressional Districts. New York: Macmillan Publishing Company. Biographical Directory of the U. S. Congress U. S. House of Representatives: House History U. S. Senate: Statistics and Lists Official Congressional Directory for the 54th Congress, 1st Session. Official Congressional Directory for the 54th Congress, 1st Session. Official Congressional Directory for the 54th Congress, 2nd Session.
Official Congressional Directory for the 54th Congress, 2nd Session