The Walther P5 is a 9mm semi-automatic pistol developed in the mid-1970s by the German small arms manufacturer Carl Walther GmbH Sportwaffen. It was designed with the German police forces in mind, who sought to replace existing 7.65mm pistols with a modern service sidearm incorporating enhanced safety features and chambered in 9×19mm Parabellum. A subsequent bid resulted in the Walther P5 being introduced into service alongside the SIG Sauer P225 and Heckler & Koch P7; the pistol incorporates many new design features, including a new aluminum alloy frame, trigger mechanism, dual-control mechanism, firing pin safety. The Walther P5 is a recoil-operated, locked-breech, 9 mm semi-automatic pistol, it utilizes the same design principles as the Walther P38 pistol of World War II fame. The barrel does not tilt following firing in the way that Browning's system does, but rather moves straight back 5 mm; this system results in a accurate pistol since the barrel is kept parallel with the frame during/after firing.
The trigger is a standard double-action/single-action trigger. The slide lock doubles as the decocker and is found on the left side of the frame. Pressing it once will release the slide, pressing it a second time will drop the hammer without firing the gun. Manufactured in Ulm, West Germany, by Carl Walther Sportwaffen GmbH, the P5 was a further development of the famous Walther P38 and P1 series. Development began following requests by federal agencies for a new sidearm. Walther engineers decided to use the P1 model as the basis of the P5 and gave it a similar locking system, reinforced frame, dual recoil springs. In addition, the Walther improved the extractor, shortened the barrel, increased the slide length. Safety was enhanced by utilizing an innovative pivoting firing pin that can move forward only when the trigger is pulled. In addition, the P1's slide-mounted decocker/safety was moved to a frame mounted decocker/slide stop multi-lever. Unlike most modern semi-automatic pistols, the P5 ejects spent casings to the left.
This may make it a more attractive firearm for left-handed shooters. The Walther P5 Compact is the shorter and lighter version of the full-size P5. Approx 6,500 units were made for the commercial market with the "P5 Compact" slide marking. Another 3,000 examples of this pistol were adopted in the 1980s by the British Army as Pistol L102A1 and were marked as such with the British military model number on the left side and NATO number on the right side instead of the standard Walther model markings, they were issued to the Royal Irish Regiment as a Personal Protection Weapon a small number may have been issued to 14 Intelligence Company, a unit active in Northern Ireland. Germany Netherlands: Standard issue firearm of the Dutch police until 2013 when it was replaced by the Walther P99Q NL. Nigeria Portugal United States: Various police forces. United Kingdom: British Army.
The Walther SSP is a precision target shooting pistol made in Germany by Carl Walther GmbH Sportwaffen. The SSP was created in response to ISSF rule changes to the 25 m Rapid Fire Pistol in 2005 which rendered the Walther OSP obsolete; the new rules precluded use of the.22 Short cartridge as well as wrap-around grips and light trigger pulls. Although the new pistol rules for the rapid fire event were now identical to those for 25 m Standard Pistol, to allow competitors to compete in both competitions using the same pistol, manufacturers like Walther still designed new pistols like the SSP to perform optimally in the rapid fire events. Walther OSP, predecessor of the SSP. Walther SSP product page
The Walther G22 is a semi-automatic rifle chambered in the popular.22 Long Rifle cartridge, made by Walther. It is of bullpup design and constructed of steel; the rifle can be configured for both right hand shooters. The stock is designed so that the ejection port and cocking handle can be relocated to the other side for left-handed shooters. A spare magazine, held by friction, is stored inside the polymer stock behind the magazine well, it was produced in matte green. The G22 can achieve shot groups as small as 1.25 inches at 50 yards. Spacers allow the butt of the stock to be adjusted to the user's preference. Three Weaver rail mounts are present on the G22: the top handle scope mount a small mount just below the muzzle intended for a Walther-produced laser sight, a longer mount under the forearm for bipods, etc
A semi-automatic pistol is a type of pistol, semi-automatic, meaning it uses the energy of the fired cartridge to cycle the action of the firearm and advance the next available cartridge into position for firing. One cartridge is fired each time. Additional terms sometimes used as synonyms for a semi-automatic pistol are automatic pistol, self-loading pistol and autoloading pistol. A semi-automatic pistol harnesses. After a round is fired, the spent casing is ejected and a new round from the magazine is loaded into the chamber, allowing another shot to be fired as soon as the trigger is pulled again. Most pistols use recoil operation to do this. Most types of semi-automatic pistols rely on a removable magazine to store ammunition before it is fired inserted inside the grip. Semi-automatic pistols use one firing chamber that remains fixed in a constant linear position relative to the gun barrel. In contrast, although double-action revolvers can be fired semiautomatically, their rounds are not fired from a single chamber, but rather are fired from each of the chambers that are rotated into linear alignment with the barrel's position in turn just prior for each shot fired.
The first round is manually loaded into the chamber by pulling back and releasing the slide mechanism. After the trigger is pulled and the round is fired, the recoil operation of the handgun automatically extracts and ejects the shell casing and reloads the chamber; this mode of operation allows for faster reloading and storing a larger number of cartridges than a revolver. Some modern semi-automatic pistols are double action only; each pull of the trigger on a DAO semi-automatic pistol requires the same amount of pressure. The Kel-Tec P-32 is an example of a DAO action. DAO semi-automatic pistols are most recommended only in the smaller, self-defense, concealable pistols, rather than in target or hunting pistols. A notable exception is Glock-brand pistols which optimize preset triggers, but the striker is cocked back as the slide closes; this allows for shorter trigger pulls than DAO. The trigger spring can be replaced with a lighter one and paired with a low-strength sear connector resulting in lightened trigger pulls to improve a shooter's accuracy.
Standard modern semi-automatic pistols are double action sometimes known as double-action/single-action. In this design, the hammer or striker may be either thumb-cocked or activated by pulling the trigger when firing the first shot; the hammer or striker is recocked automatically during each firing cycle. In double-action pistols, the first pull of the trigger requires twice as much pressure as subsequent firings, since the first pull of the trigger cocks the hammer; the Beretta 92F/FS, a full-sized, semi-automatic pistol is an example of this style of action. A common mode of carry for DA semi-automatic pistols is with the magazine full, a round chambered, the gun holstered and uncocked with the external safety unengaged or off; the Taurus PT145 is an example of a weapon, as it has no decocker and thus has its striker primed from the moment of chambering and only enters double-action mode if a round fails to fire upon the pin's impact. In contrast, a single-action semi-automatic pistol must be cocked by first operating the slide or bolt, or, if a round is chambered, by cocking the hammer manually.
The famed Colt M1911 is an example of this style of action. All SA semi-automatic pistols exhibit this feature, automatically cock the hammer when the slide is first "racked" to chamber a round. A round can be manually inserted in the chamber with the slide locked back; the safety can be applied. The normal mode of carrying an SA semi-automatic pistol is condition 1, popularly known as cocked and locked. Condition 1 refers to having the magazine full, a round chambered, the hammer cocked, the thumb safety engaged or on, at least for right-handed users. For many single-action, semi-automatic pistols, this procedure works well only for right-handed users, as the thumb safety is located on the left side of pistol and is accessible only for those who are holding the pistol in the right hand. Many modern SA semi-automatic pistols have had their safety mechanisms redesigned to provide a thumb safety on both sides of the pistol, thereby better meeting the needs of left-handed, as well as right-handed users.
Many SA semi-automatic pistols have a hammer position known as "half-cocked". Squeezing the trigger will not fire the gun when it is in the half-cocked position, neither will dropping the gun in this state cause an accidental discharge. During WWII in the Pacific Theater, an unofficial and unapproved carry mode for the SA M1911 by left-handed US soldiers in combat was carrying the gun with the magazine full, a round chambered, the action in half-cocked position, the thumb safety positioned in the off mode; the primary advantage of the half-cocked position versus the uncocked position in that particular scenario was added sound suppression. A secondary advantage was the avoidance of
A rifle is a portable, long-barrelled firearm designed for long-range precision shooting, to be held with both hands and braced against the shoulder for stability during firing, with a barrel that has a helical pattern of grooves cut into the bore walls. The term was rifled gun, with the word "rifle" referring to the machining process of creating grooving with cutting tools, is now used for any long handheld device designed for aimed discharge activated by a trigger, such as air rifles and the personnel halting and stimulation response rifle. Rifles are used in warfare, law enforcement and shooting sports. Like all typical firearms, a rifle's projectile is propelled by the contained deflagration of a combustible propellant compound, although other means such as compressed air are used in air rifles, which are popular for vermin control, hunting small game, formal target shooting and casual shooting; the raised areas of the rifling are called "lands," which make contact with the projectile, imparting a spin around the longitudinal axis of the barrel.
When the projectile leaves the barrel, this spin lends gyroscopic stability to the projectile and prevents tumbling, in the same way that a properly spirally thrown American football or rugby ball behaves. This thus improves range and accuracy. Rifles only fired a single projectile with each squeeze of the trigger. Modern rifles are classified as single shot, bolt action, semi-automatic, or automatic. Single shot, bolt action, semi-automatic rifles are limited by their designs to fire a single shot for each trigger pull. Only automatic rifles are capable of firing more than one round per trigger squeeze. Modern automatic rifles overlap to some extent in function with machine guns. In fact, many light machine guns are adaptations of existing automatic rifle designs. A military's light machine guns are chambered for the same caliber ammunition as its service rifles; the difference between an automatic rifle and a machine gun comes down to weight, cooling system, ammunition feed system. Rifles, with their lighter components and smaller capacity magazines, are incapable of sustained automatic fire in the way that machine guns are.
Modern military rifles are fed by magazines, while machine guns are belt-fed. Many machine guns allow the operator to exchange barrels in order to prevent overheating, whereas rifles do not. Most machine guns fire from an open bolt in order to reduce the danger of "cook-off", while all rifles fire from a closed bolt for accuracy. Machine guns are crewed by more than one soldier; the term "rifle" is sometimes used to describe larger rifled crew-served weapons firing explosive shells, for example, recoilless rifles and naval rifles. In many works of fiction a rifle refers to any weapon that has a stock and is shouldered before firing if the weapon is not rifled or does not fire solid projectiles; the origins of rifling are difficult to trace, but some of the earliest practical experiments seem to have occurred in Europe during the 15th century. Archers had long realized that a twist added to the tail feathers of their arrows gave them greater accuracy. Early muskets produced large quantities of smoke and soot, which had to be cleaned from the action and bore of the musket either through the action of repeated bore scrubbing, or a deliberate attempt to create "soot grooves" that would allow for more shots to be fired from the firearm.
This might have led to a perceived increase in accuracy, although no one knows for sure. True rifling dates from the mid-15th century, although military commanders preferred smooth bore weapons for infantry use because rifles were much more prone to problems due to powder fouling the barrel and because they took longer to reload and fire than muskets. Rifles were created as an improvement in the accuracy of smooth bore muskets. In the early 18th century, Benjamin Robins, an English mathematician, realized that an elongated bullet would retain the momentum and kinetic energy of a musket ball, but would slice through the air with greater ease; the black powder used in early muzzle-loading rifles fouled the barrel, making loading slower and more difficult. Their greater range was considered to be of little practical use, since the smoke from black powder obscured the battlefield and made it impossible to target the enemy from a distance. Since musketeers could not afford to take the time to stop and clean their barrels in the middle of a battle, rifles were limited to use by sharpshooters and non-military uses like hunting.
Muskets were smoothbore, large caliber weapons using ball-shaped ammunition fired at low velocity. Due to the high cost and great difficulty of precision manufacturing, the need to load from the muzzle, the musket ball was a loose fit in the barrel. On firing the ball bounced off the sides of the barrel when fired and the final direction on leaving the muzzle was unpredictable; the performance of early muskets defined the style of warfare at the time. Due to the lack of accuracy, soldiers were deployed in long lines to fire at the opposing forces. Precise aim was thus not necessary to hit an opponent. Muskets were used for comparatively rapid, imprecise
An air gun is any kind of gun that launches projectiles pneumatically with compressed air or other gases that are pressurized mechanically without involving any chemical reactions, in contrast to a firearm, which pressurizes gases chemically via an exothermic oxidation of combustible propellants which generates propulsive energy by breaking molecular bonds. Both the long gun and handgun forms propel metallic projectiles, that are either diabolo-shaped pellets, or spherical shots called BBs. Certain types of air guns may propel darts or arrows; the first air guns were developed as early as the 1500s. They have been used in hunting and warfare. Modern air guns use one of three types of power source depending on the design: spring-piston and bottled compressed gas. Air guns represent the oldest pneumatic technology; the oldest existing mechanical air gun, a bellows air gun dating back to about 1580, is in the Livrustkammaren Museum in Stockholm. This is the time. Throughout 17th to 19th century, air guns in calibers.30–.51, were used to hunt big-game deer and wild boar.
These air rifles were charged using a pump to fill an air reservoir and gave velocities from 650 to 1,000 feet per second. They were used in warfare, the most recognized example being the Girandoni air rifle. At that time, they had compelling advantages over the primitive firearms of the day. For example, air guns could be discharged in wet weather and rain, discharged much faster than muzzle-loading guns. Moreover, they were quieter than a firearm of similar caliber, had no muzzle flash, were smokeless. Thus, they did not disclose the shooter's position or obscure the shooter's view, unlike the black powder muskets of the 18th and 19th centuries. In the hands of skilled soldiers, they gave the military a distinct advantage. France and other nations had special sniper detachments using air rifles; the Austrian 1770 model was named Windbüchse. The gun was developed in 1768 or 1769 by the Tyrolean watchmaker and gunsmith Bartholomäus Girandoni and is sometimes referred to as the Girandoni air rifle or Girandoni air gun in literature The Windbüchse was about 4 ft long and weighed 10 pounds, about the same size and mass as a conventional musket.
The air reservoir was a club-shaped, butt. The Windbüchse carried twenty-two.51 caliber lead balls in a tubular magazine. A skilled shooter could fire off one magazine in about thirty seconds. A shot from this air gun could penetrate an inch thick wooden board at a hundred paces, an effect equal to that of a modern 9×19mm or.45 ACP caliber pistol. Circa 1820, the Japanese inventor Kunitomo Ikkansai developed various manufacturing methods for guns, created an air gun based on the study of Western knowledge acquired from the Dutch in Dejima; the celebrated Lewis and Clark Expedition carried a reservoir air gun. It held 22.46 caliber round balls in a tubular magazine mounted on the side of the barrel. The butt had a working pressure of 800 psi; the rifle was said to be capable of 22 aimed shots per minute and had a rifled bore of 0.452 in and a groove diameter 0.462 in. One of the first commercially successful and mass-produced air guns was manufactured by the William F. Markham's Markham Air Rifle Company in Plymouth, Michigan.
Their first model air gun was the wooden Challenger and marketed in 1886. In response, Clarence Hamilton from the neighboring Plymouth Air Rifle Company marketed their all-metal Daisy BB Gun in early 1888, which prompted Markham to respond with their Chicago model in 1888 followed by the King model in 1890; the Chicago model was sold by Roebuck for 73 cents in its catalog. In 1928 the name of the Markham company was changed to King Air Rifle Company after the company was purchased by Daisy in 1916 after decades of intense competition, continued to manufacture the "King" model air rifle until 1935 before ceasing operation all together in the 1940s. During the 1890s, air rifles were used in Birmingham, for competitive target shooting. Matches were held in public houses. Prizes, such as a leg of mutton for the winning team, were paid for by the losing team; the sport became so popular. During this time over 4,000 air rifle clubs and associations existed across Great Britain, many of them in Birmingham.
During this time, the air gun was associated with poaching because it could deliver a shot without a significant report. In terms of power modern air guns are capable of delivering high levels of energy, the showcased Umarex Hammer fires a.50 caliber air bullet delivering over 700 ft lbs of energy. Air guns are used for hunting, pest control, recreational shooting, competitive sports, such as the Olympic 10 m Air Rifle and 10 m Air Pistol events. Field Target is a competitive form of target shooting in which the targets are knock-down metal silhouettes of animals, with a'kill zone' cut out of the steel plate. Hunter Field Target is a variation, using identical equipment, but with differing rules; the distances FT and HFT competitions are shot at range between 7.3 and 41.1 metres for HFT & 7.3 and 50.29 metres for FT, with varying sizes of'reducers' b
Walther LG400 (16J)
The Walther LG400 is an air rifle first introduced in 2010 as the successor to the Walther LG300. It is a 4,5mm /.177 calibre PCP air rifle powered by compressed air from a removable cylinder. It was designed as a 10 metre air rifle for indoor competition use but has been modified to 16 J power for Field Target and Hunter Field Target outdoor use; the Walther LG400 has a close relation to its predecessor the Walther LG300 XT but is improved in several ways. The LG400 is an evolution in the line of Walther air-rifles that started with the Walther LGM-1, a single stroke pneumatic air-rifle; that means that in a period of 20 years Carl Walther's engineers and developers have looked at, investigated the strengths and weaknesses of their design and have improved it over and over. The line of descend of the LG400 goes back via the LG300, LG210, LG200, LGM-2 and LGM1 in 1991; the Walther LG400 is available with wooden, laminate and laminate-alu hybrid stocks. The aluminium stocks are called'Alutec' and are available in 4 different configurations: Economy, Competition and Monotec.
And with a broad choice of different grips and sights. The differences between the Walther LG400 Alutec and the Walther LG300 Alutec are both in the stock and the system; the LG400 has a two piece stock millled from aluminium billet. LG300 has a cast aluminium one piece stock; the new LG400 stock has more adjustability options for the pistol grip, fore end and cheek piece. Another nice and new feature on the LG400 is the possibility to change the cocking/loading lever from right hand to left hand operation; the LG400 uses the proven 300 bar filling pressure system from the LG300 but has a new, shorter build, pressure regulator. The internal mechanics of the regulator are the same as the LG300 regulator but a filter is added to keep dirt and dust out and prevent regulator malfunction; the valve system that'fires' the LG400 rifle has a new design compared to the LG300. With a new stronger valve seal and much lighter valve and striker system; this reduces vibrations, reduces shot development time and decreases the air volume needed for a shot thereby increasing the number of shots from the pressured air cylinder that feeds the rifle.
The LG400 in its 7.5 joule version can do 600 shots from a 300 bar filled cylinder according to factory specifications. The LG400 reduces vibration with the improved'Equalizer' system; this is the successor to the LG300's'Absorber' system. The Equalizer in the LG400 is a small rearward moving cylinder that opposes the forward movement of the pellet; the newest developments to the Walther LG400 are the electronic trigger that allows an lower trigger pull weight and the new Monotec stock where the system is held in the stock by a clamp on the barrel. As of 2019 Carl-Walther sells a 16 Joule version of the LG400 for field target shooting, it is called the Walther LG400-M Alutec Field Target' and has a longer barrel and different pressure regulator. The Walther LG400 has been used for Field target shooting in the years before the release of the factory field target rifle in 2019; the increased power needed to shoot field targets at 50 meters distance was reached by mounting the pressure regulator from the Walther LG300 Dominator to the LG400 rifle.
Factory specifications for the Walther LG400 are: · Compressed air system for 300 and 200 bar · Modular system for personal features and upgrades. · Individually adjustable center of gravity and weight distribution · Pressure reducer with QUICKCLEAN air filter · EQUALIZER magnetic absorber system · Steel cylinder with pressure gauge · Ergonomically shaped loading lever can be placed on the left-hand or right-hand side · Carbon fiber barrel jacket · ECO valve technology: · Minimal valve opening pulse · Reduced shot development time · Breech: convenient loading, precise pellet guidance · Loading status indicator · Dry firing trigger · VARIO trigger for fine settings · Aluminium stock with a wide range of settings and T-slot rail · Stock tilt is possible · Quick-action stock length and cheek piece setting · Adjustable fore-end · Absolutely tension-free barrel mounting Factory Technical Data for the LG400 Alutec 7,5 Joule versions with mechanical trigger: Carl Walther, official website Carl Walther, official website