National Gallery of Art Sculpture Garden
The National Gallery of Art Sculpture Garden is the most recent addition to the National Gallery of Art in Washington, D. C. in the United States. It is located on the National Mall between the National Gallery's West Building and the Smithsonian Institution's National Museum of Natural History. Completed and opened to the public on 23 May 1999, the location provides an outdoor setting for exhibiting several pieces from the museum's contemporary sculpture collection; the collection is centered on a fountain which, from December to March, is converted to an ice-skating rink. The outdoor Pavilion Café lies adjacent to the garden. Laurie Olin and his firm, OLIN, were the landscape architects. Claes Oldenburg.
Source is a public artwork by US artist Tony Smith, located in the Cleveland Museum of Art Donna and Stewart Kohl Sculpture Garden, in Cleveland, United States. The sculpture is painted black, it is constructed from two separate pieces. According to Smith, the title was inspired by Gustave Courbet's painting The Source at the Loue; this is the first of an edition of three. The second work is owned by the Tony Smith Estate; the third edition has not been fabricated. The sculpture is fabricated out of welded sheets of steel that are painted black in a manner, similar to Smith's other work; when making models for his sculptures, Smith first created modular pieces based on tetrahedrons and octahedrons. He assembled the pieces, re-using spare parts for other models and dismantling old models to create new structures. After dismantling the model for his 1962 sculpture Gracehoper, Smith created Source and Moses; the location history is not available prior to acquisition by the Cleveland Museum of Art. At least from 2003, Source has been on view near the Northeast corner of the building.
Starting in 2010 the artwork has been installed on the east lawn of the Cleveland Museum of Art in the Donna and Stewart Kohl Sculpture Garden. This sculpture was acquired by the Cleveland Museum of Art in 2001 as a gift from the Metropolitan Bank & Trust Company; this artwork was not assessed in the SOS! survey in 1992-94. The artwork was treated in 2010; the treatment involved cleaning, removing corrosion from the surface, evening out the surface, repainting. The conservation treatment and movement of the artwork from Wade Oval to the East Lawn was overseen by conservator Shelley Paine and featured on the museum's website in a YouTube video. List of Tony Smith sculptures
Milwaukee is the largest city in the state of Wisconsin and the fifth-largest city in the Midwestern United States. The seat of the eponymous county, it is on Lake Michigan's western shore. Ranked by its estimated 2014 population, Milwaukee was the 31st largest city in the United States; the city's estimated population in 2017 was 595,351. Milwaukee is the main cultural and economic center of the Milwaukee metropolitan area which had a population of 2,043,904 in the 2014 census estimate, it is the second-most densely populated metropolitan area in the Midwest, surpassed only by Chicago. Milwaukee is considered a Gamma global city as categorized by the Globalization and World Cities Research Network with a regional GDP of over $105 billion; the first Europeans to pass through the area were French Catholic Jesuit missionaries, who were ministering to Native Americans, fur traders. In 1818, the French Canadian explorer Solomon Juneau settled in the area, in 1846, Juneau's town combined with two neighboring towns to incorporate as the city of Milwaukee.
Large numbers of German immigrants arrived during the late 1840s, after the German revolutions, with Poles and other eastern European immigrants arriving in the following decades. Milwaukee is known for its brewing traditions, begun with the German immigrants. Beginning in the early 21st century, the city has been undergoing its largest construction boom since the 1960s. Major new additions to the city in the past two decades include the Milwaukee Riverwalk, the Wisconsin Center, Miller Park, the Milwaukee Streetcar, an expansion to the Milwaukee Art Museum, Milwaukee Repertory Theater, Pier Wisconsin, as well as major renovations to the UW–Milwaukee Panther Arena; the Fiserv Forum opened in late 2018. The name "Milwaukee" comes from an Algonquian word millioke, meaning "good", "beautiful" and "pleasant land" or "gathering place "; the name has a less pleasant connotation in the Menominee language, where it is called Māēnāēwah, "some misfortune happens". Indigenous cultures lived along the waterways for thousands of years.
The first recorded inhabitants of the Milwaukee area are the historic Menominee, Mascouten, Sauk and Ojibwe. Many of these people had lived around Green Bay before migrating to the Milwaukee area around the time of European contact. In the second half of the 18th century, the Native Americans living near Milwaukee played a role in all the major European wars on the American continent. During the French and Indian War, a group of "Ojibwas and Pottawattamies from the far Michigan" joined the French-Canadian Daniel Liénard de Beaujeu at the Battle of the Monongahela. In the American Revolutionary War, the Native Americans around Milwaukee were some of the few groups to ally with the rebel Continentals. After the Revolutionary War, the Native Americans fought the United States in the Northwest Indian War as part of the Council of Three Fires. During the War of 1812, they held a council in Milwaukee in June 1812, which resulted in their decision to attack Chicago in retaliation against American expansion.
This resulted in the Battle of Fort Dearborn on August 15, 1812, the only known armed conflict in the Chicago area. This battle convinced the American government that the Native Americans had to be removed from their land. After being attacked in the Black Hawk War in 1832, the Native Americans in Milwaukee signed the Treaty of Chicago with the United States in 1833. In exchange for their ceding their lands in the area, they were to receive monetary payments and lands west of the Mississippi in Indian Territory. Europeans had arrived in the Milwaukee area prior to the 1833 Treaty of Chicago. French missionaries and traders first passed through the area in the late 18th centuries. Alexis Laframboise, in 1785, coming from Michilimackinac settled a trading post. Early explorers called the Milwaukee River and surrounding lands various names: Melleorki, Mahn-a-waukie and Milwaucki, in efforts to transliterate the native terms. For many years, printed records gave the name as "Milwaukie". One story of Milwaukee's name says, ne day during the thirties of the last century a newspaper calmly changed the name to Milwaukee, Milwaukee it has remained until this day.
The spelling "Milwaukie" lives on in Milwaukie, named after the Wisconsin city in 1847, before the current spelling was universally accepted. Milwaukee has three "founding fathers": Solomon Juneau, Byron Kilbourn, George H. Walker. Solomon Juneau was the first of the three to come to the area, in 1818, he founded. In competition with Juneau, Byron Kilbourn established Kilbourntown west of the Milwaukee River, he ensured. This accounts for the large number of angled bridges. Further, Kilbourn distributed maps of the area which only showed Kilbourntown, implying Juneautown did not exist or the river's east side was uninhabited and thus undesirable; the third prominent developer was George H. Walker, he claimed land to the south of the Milwaukee River, along with Juneautown, where he built a log house in 1834. This area became known as Walker's Point; the first large wave of settlement to the areas that would become Milwaukee County and the City of Milwaukee began in 1835, following removal of the tribes in the Co
Gracehoper is a public artwork by American artist Tony Smith, located in the Louisville Waterfront Park, in Louisville, Kentucky. This large-scale sculpture, measuring twenty-two feet high and forty six feet long, was fabricated by Lippincott, Inc in 1988, eight years after Smith's death, at a cost of one million dollars; the sculpture is made of welded steel, painted black. The sculpture was named in part after a line in James Joyce's novel Finnegans Wake and inspired by the funnel-like form of the hoppers used to load coal into railroad cars. Smith said the title "comes from the central passage in Finnegans Wake called'The Ondt' - corresponding to the ant-and the'Gracehoper.' In the novel a beast named'Gracehoper,' representing progress and dynamism, takes on in battle and defeats another mythical beast, the'Ondt,' a hardworking, conscientious but unimaginative antlike animal." Art historian Joan Pachner described the artwork as based on Smith's "vision of an invisible space-lattice of alternating tetrahedrons and octahedrons."
Smith created Gracehoper with one artist's proof. Additionally, the DIA has in its collection the original cardboard maquette, created in 1961 and is painted black; the sculpture was dedicated in 1989 as a gift of the Humana Foundation in appreciation of Wendell Cherry's leadership as first Chairman of the Board of The Kentucky Center for the Performing Arts. It is on view just near the banks of the Ohio River in the Louisville Waterfront Park's "Overlook"; the sculpture was last surveyed by members of Save Outdoor Sculpture! in 1994, at which time the sculpture was considered to be "well maintained." A symposium co-sponsored by the Louisville Commission on Public Art and the International Network for the Conservation of Contemporary Art - North America will be held on September 14 and 15 to discuss public art in Louisville and Gracehoper. List of Tony Smith sculptures
The Fourth Sign
The Fourth Sign is a public artwork by the American artist Tony Smith situated on the lawn outside the Art Building at the University of Hawaiʻi at Mānoa, in Honolulu, Hawaii. The large sculpture is fabricated in steel, painted black, signifies the fourth Zodiac sign, Cancer; the sculpture was commissioned by the Hawaii State Foundation on Culture and the Arts in accordance with the Art in State Buildings Law. Since its installation, many have seen in its shape as a reference to the claws of a crab; the Fourth Sign consists of fused end to end to form a broken circle. Three horizontal sections rest on the ground. Using the orientation of a clock face, 12 o'clock falls at the center of one of these sections, while the other two converge on 6 o'clock, where the break occurs. Connecting these sections are two broad arches, each composed of three sections. In this way the sculpture defines its own "interior" and "exterior", while open to the sky offers a startling sense of safe haven and enclosure.
In 1978, the Honolulu-based artist and professor of religion, John Charlot, described how the university community made Smith’s sculpture its own: When he returns to Hawaii, Smith will see students draping their young bodies over his sculpture and nestle within the circle of its arms, just as they bathe under the pool under Manoa falls. This is the local reaction to and a gift. Smith visited Hawaii in the summer of 1969 by university invitation to teach a sculpture course, he contemplated two other projects for the campus. In 1976, the Hawaii State Foundation on Culture and the Arts commissioned Mamoru Sato, a professor of art at the university and a sculptor in his own right, to oversee the fabrication of the sculpture; the work was carried out by the Hawaii Welding Company, Inc. at a total cost of $65,000. The National Endowment for the Arts Visual Arts Program supported fabrication of The Fourth Sign with a $20,000 grant; the edition is limited to this single piece, completed in 1977. In 1998 it was observed that "virtually all of the outdoor pieces were in stages of disrepair – from neglect to vandalism."
The sculpture was surveyed in 1994 as part of the Save Outdoor Sculpture! project, but no record of its condition exists. List of Tony Smith sculptures The Tony Smith Artist Research Project in Wikipedia
Wandering Rocks (4/5)
Wandering Rocks is a minimalist sculpture created by Tony Smith in 1964. It is installed at the National Gallery of Art Sculpture Garden in Washington, D. C; the piece is composed of 5 pieces. While these "rocks" are individual elements they were conceived as a single artwork without fixed spatial relationships to each other, they have been installed in a variety of ways, each being different. This is the fourth of an edition of five in the series. Other editions of the sculpture are on display at: Olympic Sculpture Park Kykuit Lynden Sculpture Garden Private collection, Ohio Kröller-Müller Museum. List of Tony Smith sculptures "Student Activity: Geometry and Tony Smith Sculpture", National Gallery of Art
1967 in art
The year 1967 in art involved some significant events and new works. May 14 – Dedication of Liverpool Metropolitan Cathedral in England, designed by Frederick Gibberd, with stained glass by John Piper, Patrick Reyntiens and Margaret Traherne and a bronze crucifix by Elisabeth Frink. September 25 – Gilbert and George first meet while studying sculpture at St Martins School of Art in London. John Willett publishes Art in a City, a pioneering sociological study of art in a single city, Liverpool. Foundation of the Project Arts Centre, Dublin; the Maruki Gallery for the Hiroshima Panels is established in Higashimatsuyama, Japan, as a permanent home for The Hiroshima Panels. February 28–May 7 – New Documents photography exhibition at the Museum of Modern Art, New York curated by John Szarkowski and featuring the work of Diane Arbus, Lee Friedlander and Garry Winogrand. September–October – Im Spazio at the Galleria La Bertesca, Italy, curated by Germano Celant and introducing Arte Povera. Diane Arbus – Identical Twins, New Jersey, 1967 Francis Bacon – Portrait of Isabel Rawsthorne Standing in a Street in Soho Sargis Baghdasaryan – We Are Our Mountains Max Bill – Rhythm in Space Peter Blake with Jann Haworth – Sgt.
Pepper's Lonely Hearts Club Band Salvador Dalí – Tuna Fishing Edward Delaney – Wolfe Tone Jose de Rivera – Infinity Dušan Džamonja – Monument to the Revolution of the people of Moslavina Milton Glaser – Dylan Barbara Hepworth – Two Forms Eila Hiltunen – Sibelius Monument David Hockney – A Bigger Splash Richard Long – A Line Made by Walking Timothy Malone – Corten Steel Sculpture Joan Miró – The Caress of a Bird Henry Moore – sculptures Nuclear Energy Two-Piece Reclining Figure No. 9 Barnett Newman – Voice of Fire Isamu Noguchi – Sinai Pablo Picasso – Chicago Picasso Michelangelo Pistoletto – Muretto di straci Norman Rockwell – Russian Schoolroom Kenneth Snelson – Six Number Two Mark di Suvero – Are Years What? Yevgeny Vuchetich – The Motherland Calls Andy Warhol Big Electric Chair I, a Man James Wines – Three Bronze Discs David Wynne – Bird Fountains January 1 – Spencer Tunick, American photographer March 4 – Sam Taylor-Johnson, born Samantha Taylor-Wood, English-born film director and visual artist December 15 – David Černý, sculptor associated with Prague date unknown – Andy Taylor, Australian painter and printmaker January – Ary Stillman and abstract Russian-American painter January 8 – Josef Frank, Austrian-born Swedish architect and designer January 15 – David Burliuk, Russian avant-garde artists January 31 - Oscar Fischinger, German born American animator and painter February 17 – Nancy Cox-McCormack, American portrait sculptor March 31 – Jefto Perić, Serbian painter May 15 – Jessie Traill, Australian printmaker May 27 – Johannes Itten, Swiss painter August 15 – René Magritte, Belgian surrealist painter November 21 – Vladimir Lebedev, Russian painter and graphic artist November 22 – Pavel Korin, Russian painter December 12 – Mac Raboy, American illustrator December 26 – Ambrose McCarthy Patterson, Australian painter and printmaker date unknown Marguerite Huré, French stained glass artist Veljko Stanojević, Serbian painter 1967 in fine arts of the Soviet Union