Etta Candy is a fictional character appearing in DC Comics publications and related media as the best friend of the superhero Wonder Woman. A spirited, vivacious young woman with a devil-may-care attitude, Etta first appeared in Sensation Comics #2, written by Wonder Woman's creator William Moulton Marston. Enrolled in the fictional Holliday College for Women, Etta would become a constant feature of Wonder Woman's Golden Age adventures functioning as both the hero's plucky sidekick and her best friend in Man's World. Unapologetically proud of her plus-size figure, "Etta's appearance was a stark contrast to the svelte, wasp-waisted women depicted in most comic books, Etta was a brave and heroic leader, always in the thick of the fight beside her friend Wonder Woman."Though appearing less in the Silver and Bronze Age, Etta was a recurring presence in Wonder Woman's supporting cast throughout both periods. She would be re-imagined in March 1987 by comics writer/artist George Pérez as part of his reboot of the Wonder Woman mythos.
This version, a former Air Force captain and intelligence officer, appeared throughout Wonder Woman's post-Crisis adventures. In her 1940s introduction, Etta Candy is a sickly malnourished woman Wonder Woman discovers at a local hospital; when next seen, Etta is transformed into a spirited, rotund young woman who has a great love of candy. When Wonder Woman asks her what caused her sudden health and rather large size, Etta tells her that she was rejuvenated by eating lots of sweets. With her newfound confidence, Etta Candy soon after leads the fictional Beeta Lambda sorority at Holiday College and aids Wonder Woman in her adventures, first with a hundred other girls she helps Wonder Woman to take over the Nazi base of Doctor Poison without endangering Steve. Throughout her adventures with Wonder Woman she is known for her moxie, her love of candy, for her trademark call "Woo! Woo!" Other familiar characteristics included her junky car nicknamed Esmerelda, a variety of sassy interjections, such as: "For the love of chocolate!"
Her father, "Hard Candy," and mother, Sugar Candy, lived on the Bar-L Ranch in Brazos County, that provided the setting for cowboy-themed adventures. She was shown to have a brother named Mint Candy. Holiday College was the setting for science-driven stories and it was at nearby "Starvard", that her boyfriend, the gangling but loving "Oscar Sweetgulper," studied, she was shown to be brave and stormed a Nazi concentration camp armed with nothing but a box of candy to rescue captured children. She was welcomed by Wonder Woman's people, the Amazons of Themyscira and invited to their festivals, she never let it bother her. She joked about it when asked by the Amazons if she would like to join in one of their sporting events; when Robert Kanigher became writer and editor of the adventures of Wonder Woman, he made little use of Etta Candy and the Holiday girls. When he did, he portrayed Etta as an insecure, weight-conscious girl who followed but never led the girls in her sorority; this was in sharp contrast to Marston characterization of a bold, wisecracking leader.
Despite a few appearances after Kanigher reintroduced her in 1960 Candy was left in limbo for decades. Etta Candy was revived twenty years in 1980, along with Steve Trevor and General Phil Darnell. In the years since her last appearance, Candy had not only graduated from Holiday College, but had become a Lieutenant and was on hand to welcome Wonder Woman back to her old job as Air Force officer Diana Prince something she hadn't done since 1968. Lieutenant Candy was featured as a secretary as Diana's roommate. Despite having been Wonder Woman's friend years previous, Candy had never met Diana Prince or learned her secret identity. Thus, from Candy's point of view and Prince met for the first time when Prince returned to the Air Force, she was still portrayed as insecure and weight-conscious and, although she no longer said "for the love of chocolate", was known to swear by Betty Crocker. She did most of the cooking between herself and her roommate, her family was not expanded as much as was the family of her golden age incarnation though she did remark on being from a large family and had a niece named Suzie.
Her love interest was now nerdy, hopelessly clumsy but very loving Howard Huckaby. In one adventure, Etta was kidnapped by Satanists influenced by Klarion the Witch Boy and sent to Hell, where Wonder Woman and Etrigan the demon had to travel to save her, although she remained narcotized and catatonic throughout the ordeal. In the years leading up to Crisis on Infinite Earths, writers Dan Mishkin and Mindy Newell took Etta in a different direction, she displayed more confidence, became Wonder Woman for one evening, battling Cheetah, Angle Man, Captain Wonder and Silver Swan. Huckaby, who by had been convinced for several issues that his girlfriend was the comic book's titular heroine, used Dr. Psycho's machine that could turn his dreams into reality to let the world see Etta as he saw her. After the Amazonian "Wonder Etta" defeated the villains and others saw she was
Circe is a fictional character appearing in DC Comics publications and related media. Based upon the Greek mythological figure of the same name who imprisoned Odysseus in Homer's Odyssey, she is a wicked sorceress and the recurring foe of Wonder Woman. Circe first appeared as a ravishing blonde in 1949 in vol. 1, issue # 37, illustrated by Harry G. Peter, she would make a Silver Age return, going from blonde to raven-haired, to battle Rip Hunter in Showcase #21 in 1959, followed by multiple appearances as a foil and sometimes-ally for Superman and Supergirl in Action Comics and Superman's Girl Friend, Lois Lane. In 1962 her "creator" Robert Kanigher pitted her against the Sea Devils in Sea Devils #3, illustrated by Russ Heath, she would get a Bronze Age makeover in 1983's Wonder Woman #302, by Dan Mishkin and Gene Colan, making multiple appearances over the next two years. Circe would be re-imagined in June 1988, by comics writer/artist George Pérez as part of his reboot of the Wonder Woman mythos.
This version, with red-eyes and violet hair, would become one of Wonder Woman's principal Post-Crisis foes. Circe was re-introduced yet again in 2011 in Men of War #2, as part of the DC Comics continuity-reboot known as The New 52; this version of the character, with blood-red hair and pale white skin, was written by Ivan Brandon and illustrated by Tom Derenick. Hair color aside, all of these versions of Circe have retained a set of key features: immortality, stunning physical beauty, a powerful command over sorcery, a penchant for turning human beings into animals, a delight in humiliation. In the original DC Comics continuity, Circe is a centuries-old enchantress, kept young by an elixir called vitae, it is made from a special combination of herbs. While living on the island Aeaea, Circe gains magical powers. Circe is skilled at turning men into any animal resembling their personality, for her crimes against mortalkind, the Amazon Queen Hippolyta banished her to Sorca, "an island planet in space, where she could do no harm".
Upon her return to Earth, Circe tries to destroy Wonder Woman, having heard from an oracle in ancient times that the daughter of Hippolyta will be her undoing. Unlike many of Wonder Woman's other Golden Age foes, Circe does not repent when her plot fails, a legendary enmity is born. In Captain Marvel Adventures #66, set on Earth-S, it is revealed the evil immortal Oggar gave Circe immortality 3,000 years ago when she was a beautiful Graecian princess, hoping she would marry him, but because he did not give her eternal youth she keeps aging and becomes ugly, meaning she hates men who now have a hatred of her face, learns magic to turn them into animals. Captain Marvel and Oggar battle on her island, she turns Billy into a goat before turning him back, she helps Captain Marvel defeat Oggar by turning him into a boar. He jumps into a bluff and dies, meaning she dies as his spell wears off. A woman claiming to be a descendant of the original Circe appears and gives Superman an evolution serum, which temporarily transforms him into a partial lion after he does not agree to marry her.
She leaves the planet by the time Superman returns to her island. Realizing the serum contains kryptonite, Superman theorizes the original Circe may have been from Krypton. In ancient times, Circe is responsible for changing Biron the centaur into a horse and gives him super-powers as Comet the Super-Horse, she is depicted as more heroic during her appearances with Supergirl. She has encounters with Lois Lane and Lana Lang, battles Rip Hunter, who meets her during his time travels. Catwoman once used Circe's wand to turn Superman into a cat, but he is turned back by an Egyptian mummified magic cat's paw used by Lana Lang. Saturn Woman poses as Circe as part of Superman’s plan to defeat the Superman Revenge Squad. During World War II, Circe transforms a British soldier who misses being in the cavalry into a centaur upon his death, into a horse. At another point in World War II, she consumed them; the character reappears, unnamed, in Wonder Woman #302 and is identified as Circe in issue #305 Circe reappeared with a mission to kill Wonder Woman in order to prevent an oracular prophecy of Circe's death at Wonder Woman's hands from coming true.
After she failed to kill the Amazon with a series of attacks by man-animal hybrids, she took up with the Aztec god Tezcatlipoca, who set in motion a chain of events that led Wonder Woman to the jungles of Tropidor. Circe called on the god to send lightning down to kill Wonder Woman, who deflected the lightning bolts away from her and incinerated the herbs that made Circe immortal, thus fulfilling the prophecy. Circe disappeared, swallowed up by Tezcatlipoca's magic obsidian mirror, which the god used to torture her with an image of herself as a crone. Circe begins to age and is last seen aiding a group of sorcerers who are trying to defeat the Anti-Monitor. Following the Crisis on Infinite Earths, Wonder Woman and Superman are rebooted. All of Circe's prior continuity is erased and she is reintroduced with a revamped history. Circe is the daughter of the Titans Perseis. Circe is former princess of Colchis. A beautiful, violet-haired, red-eyed sorceress, she
Starman is a name used by several different DC Comics superheroes, most prominently Ted Knight and his sons David and Jack. Created by writer Gardner Fox and artist Jack Burnley, the original Starman, Ted Knight, first appeared in Adventure Comics #61. An astronomer, Knight invented a "gravity rod" reinvented as a "cosmic rod", allowing him to fly and manipulate energy, donned a red and green costume with a distinctive finned helmet. Like most Golden Age heroes, Starman fell into obscurity in the 1950s. In the ensuing years, several characters, with varying degrees of relation to the original took the mantle of Starman. In Zero Hour: Crisis in Time #1, writer James Robinson and artist Tony Harris introduced Jack Knight, the son of the first Starman. A reluctant non-costumed hero, he inherited his father’s name and mission and used his technology to create a cosmic staff, he starred in a critically acclaimed series, written by Robinson, from 1994 until 2001. The current successor of Starman is Stargirl the second Star-Spangled Kid.
Starman, announcing that he comes "from the past," appears in Justice League #7 and subsequent issues. Below, in chronological order of activity, are the characters to have used the name "Starman": Theodore Henry Knight is a 1940s DC Comics superhero who wore a red costume with a finned helmet and a green cape, wielded a "gravity rod" which enabled him to fly and fire energy bolts, he is a member of the Justice Society of America. The Starman of 1951 is a superhero who operated in the DC Universe in 1951. In pre-Crisis continuity, the Starman of the 1950s was Batman, who took up that mantle in Detective Comics #247, using variants of his usual equipment, but with a star motif instead of a bat, due to him having been hypnotized to be given a fear of bats in the belief that this would render him incapable of being a hero. Post-Crisis, the character was retconned in Starman Secret Files and Origins; the name was first used by Charles McNider. When David Knight, son of the original Starman, is drawn back in time, he takes over the identity from McNider for a brief period.
In Detective Comics #286, a villainous Star-Man appeared to menace Batman and Robin whose super-strength waned in the presence of a Tibetan belt worn by Batwoman. Mikaal Tomas is a DC Comics superhero, introduced in the 1970s. Tomas is an alien who traveled to Earth to help conquer it, but instead turned against his war-like people in defense of the human race, he has blue skin and wore Mister Miracle-style flight-discs on his feet that allowed him to fly, a medallion containing a sonic crystal around his neck. The gem became embedded in his chest and allows him to fire bolts of energy, he first appeared in 1st Issue Special #12. Writer Gerry Conway said he liked the name Starman and created the character as an homage, not to the original 1940s Starman, but the Starman featured in issues of The Brave and the Bold during the mid-1960s. Within the story, Mikaal was given the name Starman not as a means of carrying on Ted Knight's legacy, but rather in reference to the song "Starman" by David Bowie.
The song tells of a benevolent alien who arrives on Earth in order to save the planet from destruction, a situation which parallels Mikaal's backstory. The character suffered amnesia until he turned up in the 1990s Starman series; the 1990s series revealed that Mikaal's homeworld was Talok III, sister planet to Talok VIII, the home of Shadow Lass. The inhabitants of the eighth planet have darker blue skin. Tomas' origins have been noted to bear certain similarities to that of Captain Mar-Vell of Marvel Comics. In James Robinson's 1990s series, Starman was portrayed in a gay relationship. Starman's specific sexual identity was not addressed in print, his long-term relationship with Tony lasted, in DC continuity, twelve years, interrupted by Tony's death. A 2010 Robinson story subsequently clarified. Commenting on the series, Gerry Conway said he "was flattered and amused" that someone would revive a character he had created as a one-off to fill an issue of 1st Issue Special. In 2009, writer James Robinson returned to the character, reintroducing him as a main character in Justice League: Cry for Justice.
In the first issue, his lover from the Starman series, is killed while visiting his parents in New York by unnamed supervillains, prompting Mikaal to seek justice. He meets and befriends Congorilla, a fellow hero, mourning the loss of someone close to him, in this case his partner and close friend, Freedom Beast; the two heroes travel to Paris, where they find the two assassins who murdered their loved ones, in the ensuing fight both villains are killed before they can reveal who hired them. After asking Animal Man for help, the heroes travel to the Justice League Watchtower, only to soon find themselves in the midst of a battle with Prometheus, the villain that hired the assassins to kill Tony and Freedom Beast. Mikaal and his companions are defeated, Prometheus escapes after destroying Star City. Mikaal is shown helping Congorilla and the members of the Justice League search for survivors in the ruins of the city. After this, Mikaal appears in the main Justice League of America series, where he tries to help Congorilla after he is attacked by a group of villains working for Doctor Impossible.
Robinson added Mikaal to the Justice League. In his first mission with the team, he helped capture Plastique and her companions after they tried to flee the c
A comic book or comicbook called comic magazine or comic, is a publication that consists of comic art in the form of sequential juxtaposed panels that represent individual scenes. Panels are accompanied by brief descriptive prose and written narrative dialog contained in word balloons emblematic of the comics art form. Although comics has some origins in 18th century Japan, comic books were first popularized in the United States and the United Kingdom during the 1930s; the first modern comic book, Famous Funnies, was released in the U. S. in 1933 and was a reprinting of earlier newspaper humor comic strips, which had established many of the story-telling devices used in comics. The term comic book derives from American comic books once being a compilation of comic strips of a humorous tone; the largest comic book market is Japan. By 1995, the manga market in Japan was valued at ¥586.4 billion, with annual sales of 1.9 billion manga books/magazines in Japan. The comic book market in the United States and Canada was valued at $1.09 billion in 2016.
As of 2017, the largest comic book publisher in the United States is manga distributor Viz Media, followed by DC Comics and Marvel Comics. Another major comic book market is France, where Franco-Belgian comics and Japanese manga each represent 40% of the market, followed by American comics at 10% market share. Comic books are reliant on their appearance. Authors focus on the frame of the page, size and panel positions; these characteristic aspects of comic books are necessary in conveying the content and messages of the author. The key elements of comic books include panels, balloons and characters. Balloons are convex spatial containers of information that are related to a character using a tail element; the tail has an origin, path and pointed direction. Key tasks in the creation of comic books are writing and coloring. Comics as a print medium have existed in America since the printing of The Adventures of Mr. Obadiah Oldbuck in 1842 in hardcover, making it the first known American prototype comic book.
Proto-comics periodicals began appearing early in the 20th century, with historians citing Dell Publishing's 36-page Famous Funnies: A Carnival of Comics as the first true American comic book. The introduction of Jerry Siegel and Joe Shuster's Superman in 1938 turned comic books into a major industry and ushered the Golden Age of Comics; the Golden Age originated the archetype of the superhero. According to historian Michael A. Amundson, appealing comic-book characters helped ease young readers' fear of nuclear war and neutralize anxiety about the questions posed by atomic power. Historians divide the timeline of the American comic book into eras; the Golden Age of Comic Books began in the 1930s. The Silver Age of comic books is considered to date from the first successful revival of the then-dormant superhero form, with the debut of the Flash in Showcase #4; the Silver Age lasted through the late 1960s or early 1970s, during which time Marvel Comics revolutionized the medium with such naturalistic superheroes as Stan Lee and Jack Kirby's Fantastic Four and Lee and Steve Ditko's Spider-Man.
The demarcation between the Silver Age and the following era, the Bronze Age of Comic Books, is less well-defined, with the Bronze Age running from the early 1970s through the mid-1980s. The Modern Age of Comic Books runs from the mid-1980s to the present day. A notable event in the history of the American comic book came with psychiatrist Fredric Wertham's criticisms of the medium in his book Seduction of the Innocent, which prompted the American Senate Subcommittee on Juvenile Delinquency to investigate comic books. In response to attention from the government and from the media, the U. S. comic book industry set up the Comics Magazine Association of America. The CMAA instilled the Comics Code Authority in 1954 and drafted the self-censorship Comics Code that year, which required all comic books to go through a process of approval, it was not until the 1970s that comic books could be published without passing through the inspection of the CMAA. The Code was made formally defunct in November 2011.
In the late 1960s and early 1970s, a surge of creativity emerged in what became known as underground comix. Published and distributed independently of the established comics industry, most of such comics reflected the youth counterculture and drug culture of the time. Many had an uninhibited irreverent style. Underground comics were never sold at newsstands, but rather in such youth-oriented outlets as head shops and record stores, as well as by mail order. Frank Stack's The Adventures of Jesus, published under the name Foolbert Sturgeon, has been credited as the first underground comic; the rise of comic book specialty stores in the late 1970s created/paralleled a dedicated market for "independent" or "alternative comics" in the U. S; the first such comics included the anthology series Star Reach, published by comic book writer Mike Friedrich from 1974 to 1979, Harvey Pekar's American Splendor, which continued sporadic publication into the 21st century and which Shari Springer Berman an
Son of Vulcan
Son of Vulcan is the name of two comic book characters, one created by Charlton Comics in 1965, the other by DC Comics in August 2005. Son of Vulcan was one of the characters DC Comics purchased from defunct Charlton Comics in 1983. Son of Vulcan first appeared in Mysteries of Unexplored Worlds # 46, retitled Son of Vulcan with issue # 49, was created by writer Pat Masulli and artist Bill Fraccio. Charlton staff writer Joe Gill would write most of his stories. Predating the Charlton "Action Heroes" line, Son of Vulcan is not properly part of that group, his final Charlton story, "The Second Trojan War" in Son of Vulcan # 50, was the first professional work of writer and future Marvel Comics editor-in-chief Roy Thomas, with the previous issue having seen the character being given a new and more ornate costume designed by a young, cover-credited Dave Cockrum. The original Charlton character was Johnny Mann, a scrawny but courageous reporter for an international news syndicate who had lost a leg while serving during the Korean War.
Covering a bloody civil war on the Mediterranean island of Cyprete, he complained aloud while standing in the ruins of an ancient temple that the gods play with men's lives while leaving them defenseless against the forces of war and crime. Taking offense, the Roman gods transported him to Mount Olympus where he was put on trial before Jupiter, all-powerful king of the gods, for his impudence; the war god Mars argued for his immediate destruction, but Vulcan, lame-legged god of fire and forge, spoke up in his defense, Venus, goddess of love, agreed with Vulcan. In the end, bonding with the orphaned newsman over their similar disabilities, Vulcan agreed to adopt Johnny and share with him god-like powers that would help him fight injustice in the mortal world. By calling on Vulcan's aid, Johnny would transform into a superhuman demigod, whole again and mightily muscled and clad in indestructible Roman-style armor and shield with the power to summon both fire and powerful ancient weapons from his adopted father's forge.
However, it was the judgment of Jupiter that his powers could be removed from him at any time if the gods decided he was unworthy of them. Mars plots against him to make him lose favor with Jupiter or destroy him and was exiled from Olympus for this; as the Son of Vulcan, Johnny had several adventures where he battled both a jealous Mars and the Asian arch-criminal Dr. Kong but remained a little-known hero. DC has made little use of Son of Vulcan, he appeared in DC Challenge #9 where he was introduced into the DC universe by the aforementioned Roy Thomas and returned to take a more pivotal part in the War of the Gods miniseries that followed the Crisis on Infinite Earths fictional crossover only to be killed off in the last issue. In 2005 DC published a new Son of Vulcan miniseries whose title character and series premise was unrelated to the original. During the War of the Gods, the Roman gods wanted Son of Vulcan to be their champion against the Greek gods' champion, Wonder Woman, but he refused, so they chose Captain Marvel in his stead.
Son of Vulcan investigated the cause of the war and met Harmonia, daughter of the Greek god Ares, investigating it, they learned the war was part of a plan by the sorceress Circe to gain absolute divine power. Son of Vulcan and Harmonia fell in love, but the two died in battle and their souls were escorted by Vulcan himself to the eternal paradise of Elysium. Orphan Miguel "Mikey" Devante, 14, is taken hostage by Jason Woodrue a.k.a. the Floronic Man at the Big Belly Burger in Miguel's hometown of Charlton’s Point. A unknown hero named Vulcan tells Mikey to free the other hostages while he battles the Floronic Man. Miguel stays back after freeing the other hostages to ensure. Miguel saves Vulcan from danger by chopping off Floronic Man's arm with Vulcan's sword. Vulcan chooses Miguel to be his successor. After their adventures and the android Pandora go to San Francisco, where Miguel is seen talking to Beast Boy of the Teen Titans and presenting himself as Vulcan. While he evidently did not join the Titans during the One Year, he does appear in the line-up for the new Titans East one-shot, scheduled for release in November, 2007.
Son of Vulcan was in Infinite Crisis #6 as one of the spellcasters who summon the Spectre at Stonehenge. Seeing as Miguel's powers stem from a transferable Metagene virus it has yet to be revealed why he was there, he appeared in JSA Classified # 19 written by Scott Beatty. He is one of the competitors at Roulette's fight, but manages to survive and flee the scene. Son of Vulcan was left badly injured dead at the end of the Titans East one-shot. Titans # 1 revealed that he in a coma. Darkseid once masqueraded as a Son of Vulcan knockoff named Son of Jupiter; as Janus he possessed the ability to fly. He carried a indestructible shield and a high-tech mace; as Janus, Darkseid appeared as a handsome blond human. He first appears in Super Powers series 3 #3. In Grant Morrison's Animal Man storyline "Deus Ex Machina", Psycho-Pirate, while in Arkham Asylum, recreated characters removed from continuity. Son of Vulcan was one of them, he appears as he did in Charlton Comics. This character vanished from
The Flash is the name of several superheroes appearing in American comic books published by DC Comics. Created by writer Gardner Fox and artist Harry Lampert, the original Flash first appeared in Flash Comics #1. Nicknamed the "Scarlet Speedster", all incarnations of the Flash possess "super speed", which includes the ability to run and think fast, use superhuman reflexes, violate certain laws of physics, thus far, at least four different characters—each of whom somehow gained the power of "the speed force"—have assumed the mantle of the Flash in DC's history: college athlete Jay Garrick, forensic scientist Barry Allen, Barry's nephew Wally West, Barry's grandson Bart Allen. Each incarnation of the Flash has been a key member of at least one of DC's premier teams: the Justice Society of America, the Justice League, the Teen Titans; the Flash is one of DC Comics' most popular characters and has been integral to the publisher's many reality-changing "crisis" storylines over the years. The original meeting of the Golden Age Flash Jay Garrick and Silver Age Flash Barry Allen in "Flash of Two Worlds" introduced the Multiverse storytelling concept to DC readers, which would become the basis for many DC stories in the years to come.
Like his Justice League colleagues Wonder Woman and Batman, the Flash has a distinctive cast of adversaries, including the various Rogues and the various psychopathic "speedsters" who go by the names Reverse-Flash or Zoom. Other supporting characters in Flash stories include Barry's wife Iris West, Wally's wife Linda Park, Bart's girlfriend Valerie Perez, friendly fellow speedster Max Mercury, Central City police department members David Singh and Patty Spivot. A staple of the comic book DC Universe, the Flash has been adapted to numerous DC films, video games, animated series, live-action television shows. In live action, Barry Allen has been portrayed by Rod Haase for the 1979 television special Legends of the Superheroes, John Wesley Shipp in the 1990 The Flash series and Grant Gustin in the 2014 The Flash series, by Ezra Miller in the DC Extended Universe series of films, beginning with Batman v Superman: Dawn of Justice. Shipp portrays a version of Jay Garrick in the 2014 The Flash series.
The various incarnations of the Flash feature in animated series such as Superman: The Animated Series, Justice League, Batman: The Brave and the Bold and Young Justice, as well as the DC Universe Animated Original Movies series. The Flash first appeared in the Golden Age Flash Comics #1, from All-American Publications, one of three companies that would merge to form DC Comics. Created by writer Gardner Fox and artist Harry Lampert, this Flash was Jay Garrick, a college student who gained his speed through the inhalation of hard water vapors; when re-introduced in the 1960s Garrick's origin was modified gaining his powers through exposure to heavy water. Jay Garrick was a popular character in the 1940s, supporting both Flash Comics and All-Flash Quarterly. With superheroes' post-war decline in popularity, Flash Comics was canceled with issue #104 which featured an evil version of the Flash called the Rival; the Justice Society's final Golden Age story ran in All Star Comics #57. In 1956, DC Comics revived superheroes, ushering in what became known as the Silver Age of comic books.
Rather than bringing back the same Golden Age heroes, DC rethought them as new characters for the modern age. The Flash was the first revival, in the tryout comic book Showcase #4; this new Flash was, a police scientist who gained super-speed when bathed by chemicals after a shelf of them was struck by lightning. He adopted the name The Scarlet Speedster after reading a comic book featuring the Golden Age Flash. After several more appearances in Showcase, Allen's character was given his own title, The Flash, the first issue of, #105. Barry Allen and the new Flash were created by writers Robert Kanigher and John Broome and cartoonist Carmine Infantino; the Silver Age Flash proved popular enough that several other Golden Age heroes were revived in new incarnations. A new superhero team, the Justice League of America, was created, with the Flash as a main, charter member. Barry Allen's title introduced a much-imitated plot device into superhero comics when it was revealed that Garrick and Allen existed on fictional parallel worlds.
Their powers allowed them to cross the dimensional boundary between worlds, the men became good friends. Flash of Two Worlds was the first crossover in which a Golden Age character met a Silver Age character. Soon, there were crossovers between the Justice Society. Allen's adventures continued in his own title until the event of Crisis on Infinite Earths; the Flash ended as a series with issue #350. Allen's life had become confused in the early 1980s, DC elected to end his adventures and pass the mantle on to another character. Allen died heroically in Crisis on Infinite Earths #8. Thanks to his ability to travel through time, he would continue to appear oc
Wonder Woman is a fictional superhero appearing in American comic books published by DC Comics. The character is a founding member of the Justice League; the character first appeared in All Star Comics #8 in October 1941 with her first feature in Sensation Comics #1, January 1942. The Wonder Woman title has been published by DC Comics continuously except for a brief hiatus in 1986. In her homeland, the island nation of Themyscira, her official title is Princess Diana of Themyscira, Daughter of Hippolyta; when blending into the society outside of her homeland, she adopts her civilian identity Diana Prince. Wonder Woman was created by the American psychologist and writer William Moulton Marston, artist Harry G. Peter. Marston's wife and their life partner, Olive Byrne, are credited as being his inspiration for the character's appearance. Marston's comics featured his ideas on DISC theory, the character drew a great deal of inspiration from early feminists, from birth control pioneer Margaret Sanger.
Wonder Woman's origin story relates that she was sculpted from clay by her mother Queen Hippolyta and was given a life to live as an Amazon, along with superhuman powers as gifts by the Greek gods. In recent years, DC changed her background with the revelation that she is the daughter of Zeus and Hippolyta, jointly raised by her mother and her aunts Antiope and Menalippe; the character has changed in depiction over the decades, including losing her powers in the 1970s. She possesses an arsenal of advanced technology, including the Lasso of Truth, a pair of indestructible bracelets, a tiara which serves as a projectile, and, in older stories, a range of devices based on Amazon technology. Wonder Woman's character was created during World War II. Many stories depicted Wonder Woman rescuing herself from bondage, which defeated the "damsels in distress" trope, common in comics during the 1940s. In the decades since her debut, Wonder Woman has gained a cast of enemies bent on eliminating the Amazon, including classic villains such as Ares, Doctor Poison, Doctor Psycho, Giganta, along with more recent adversaries such as Veronica Cale and the First Born.
Wonder Woman has regularly appeared in comic books featuring the superhero teams Justice Society and Justice League. The character is a well-known figure in popular culture, adapted to various media. June 3 is Wonder Woman Day. Wonder Woman is part of the DC Comics trinity of flagship characters alongside Superman. Modern historians divide 20th century history of American superhero comics into "ages," The Golden Age being the first. In an October 25, 1940, interview with the Family Circle magazine, William Moulton Marston discussed the unfulfilled potential of the comic book medium; this article caught the attention of comics publisher Max Gaines, who hired Marston as an educational consultant for National Periodicals and All-American Publications, two of the companies that would merge to form DC Comics. At that time, Marston wanted to create his own new superhero. "Fine," said Elizabeth. "But make her a woman." Marston introduced the idea to Gaines. Given the go-ahead, Marston developed Wonder Woman, whom he believed to be a model of that era's unconventional, liberated woman.
Marston drew inspiration from the bracelets worn by Olive Byrne, who lived with the couple in a polyamorous relationship. Wonder Woman debuted in All Star Comics #8, scripted by Marston. Marston was the creator of a systolic-blood-pressure-measuring apparatus, crucial to the development of the polygraph. Marston's experience with polygraphs convinced him that women were more honest than men in certain situations and could work more efficiently. Marston designed Wonder Woman to be an allegory for the ideal love leader. "Wonder Woman is psychological propaganda for the new type of woman who should, I believe, rule the world", Marston wrote. In a 1943 issue of The American Scholar, Marston wrote: Not girls want to be girls so long as our feminine archetype lacks force and power. Not wanting to be girls, they don't want to be tender, peace-loving as good women are. Women's strong qualities have become despised because of their weakness; the obvious remedy is to create a feminine character with all the strength of Superman plus all the allure of a good and beautiful woman.
Marston was an outspoken feminist and firm believer in the superiority of women. He described bondage and submission as a "respectable and noble practice". Marston wrote in a weakness for Wonder Woman, attached to a fictional stipulation that he dubbed "Aphrodite's Law", that made the chaining of her "Bracelets of Submission" together by a man take away her Amazonian super strength. Wonder Woman ended up in chains before breaking free; this not only represented Marston's affinity for bondage, but women's subjugation, which he roundly rejected. However, not everything a