Filton is a suburban town and civil parish in South Gloucestershire, north of the City of Bristol and 5 miles from the city centre. The town centres upon Filton Church, which dates back to the 12th century and is a Grade II listed building; the name of the town comes from the Old English feleþe, tūn. The name dates back to at least 1187. Filton has large areas of open space which include several playing fields, a golf course and the former Filton Airport. Filton can be reached from Junction 16 of the M5 motorway; the town is well served by rail with Filton Abbey Wood serving areas in the south of the town, Bristol Parkway serving areas to the north and east and Patchway in the west of the town. Districts within the town include Filton Park and Northville. East Filton, which has grown up east of the Bristol-South Wales railway line and is in the neighbouring civil parish of Stoke Gifford, contains the offices of the Ministry of Defence's Defence Procurement Agency, plus a shopping park. Filton Park is a suburb of Bristol and lies directly on the city border, sandwiched between the A38 trunk road and Southmead Road.
Filton itself lies to the east of Filton Park. Monks Park is to the south. Housing in Filton Park is privately owned, semi-detached and 1930s built. Pre-World War I properties in the district tend to be quite large, with generous gardens. Extensive playing fields border the north-western side of Southmead Road; the golf links, on the hillside beyond, is owned by Filton Golf Club. The area has a playgroup. Filton Park is regarded as a desirable place to live since it is close to major centres of employment such as BAE Systems, Defence Equipment & Support at Abbey Wood. Filton's educational facilities include South Gloucestershire and Stroud College, Abbeywood Community School and several primary schools; the University of the West of England is at nearby Frenchay. Filton has two main shopping areas – the Shield Centre and Abbey Wood Retail Park, as well as other shops. To the east of the town there is a small area of woodland known as Splatt's Abbey Wood. Filton has an aerospace connection dating back to the establishment of the Bristol Aeroplane Company.
Aerospace companies in Filton include BAE Systems, Airbus, GKN, Rolls-Royce and MBDA, all located around the former Filton Aerodrome. The Concorde supersonic airliner was built here in the late 1970s; this museum houses the Bristol Aero Collection and examples of helicopters and missiles built at Filton. Other employers include the MOD, Hewlett Packard, Hewlett Packard Enterprise and the Royal Mail. Filton is home to the regional blood processing facility, NHS Blood and Transplant Filton. Bristol Cars was a manufacturer of hand-built luxury cars, based in Filton. Bristol Cars dealt directly with customers, they claimed to be the last wholly British-owned luxury car builder. The company went into administration on 3 March 2011; the population of the parish at the 2011 Census was 10,607. The Filton built-up area defined by the Office for National Statistics is a large outer suburban area north of Bristol which includes Almondsbury, Little Stoke, Stoke Gifford and Bradley Stoke, had a population of 59,495 in 2011.
Filton is an ethnically diverse town, with a proportion of white British residents close to the national average. Filton Town Council is a parish council made up of thirteen councillors and forming the first tier of local government. Filton was in Gloucestershire until 1974. In 1996 the Avon authority was abolished and the area became part of the unitary authority of South Gloucestershire and rejoined the ceremonial county of Gloucestershire. Filton is represented in the House of Commons by Jack Lopresti, Conservative Party Member of Parliament for the constituency of Filton and Bradley Stoke. An electoral ward with the same name exists; the area and population are identical to those of the parish. For history related to aeroplanes and flying, see Bristol Filton Airport#History. Thousands of mites and other coins of the Roman emperors, Domitian and Constans were found in a bank by some boys in 1880. Many of the coins were in excellent condition. At the dawn of the 20th century, Filton was a small village, still detached from the city of Bristol to the south.
Farming was the principal occupation. However, there was a large factory-like laundry in the village, opposite Filton House, owned by Samuel Shield; the Bristol to South Wales railway line passed through the village. There was a small station near the site of the current Abbey Wood station. A much larger railway station, known as Filton Junction, opened in 1910, after the alternate rail route from Bristol to London was finished. In 1907 the northern terminus for Bristol Tramways was moved out from Horfield to Filton. Tram production in the tramway sheds commenced in 1908; the manufacture of aeroplanes started in the Bristol Tramway sheds in 1910 and aero-engine production started in 1920. Between the wars, Filton expanded to become a suburb of Bristol. Development was concentrated on the western side of the A38, in an area known as Filton Park. In the 1930s, the area on the eastern side of the A38 started to be developed. Filton became part of the Bristol conurbation, although it remained, as it do
Cribbs Causeway is a road in South Gloucestershire, just north of Bristol, which has given its name to the surrounding area, a large out-of-town shopping centre, including retail parks and an enclosed shopping centre known as The Mall. Cribbs Causeway road is situated west of Patchway; the road runs from the northern edge of Bristol at Henbury to a point just beyond the M5 junction 17. It now forms parts of the A4018 and B4055; the primary access routes to the shopping centre are the A4018 from Bristol, the M5 motorway and Hayes Way link to the A38. The Hazel Brook rises at Cribbs Causeway, flowing southwards through Blaise Castle estate, before joining the River Trym; the name of the road is said to owe its name to Tom Cribb, a famous bare-knuckle boxer from the Bristol area. However, this was proved wrong in the 1960s by the discovery of a map showing the current name dated to four years prior to his 1781 birth; the book's author goes on to speculate that the true origin of the name may be from Crybe's dwelling, or from crib – a manger or hovel.
But all that we can glean from this is that the causeway - i.e. the Roman road - was named for a family with the surname Cribb. This local family was also commemorated in the smallholding called Crybescroft which existed in Henbury in 1281. Cribbs Causeway is believed to be the route of a Roman road from Sea Mills to Gloucester, it became the route of a turnpike from Bristol to New Passage. In the 20th century it was part of the main road from Bristol to the Aust Ferry, until the Severn Bridge opened in 1966. In the early 1960s it was upgraded to an A road, linked with the New Filton Bypass to the A38 north of Patchway. In 1971 the New Filton Bypass was incorporated into the M5 motorway, the motorway junction transformed the area. In 1976 Carrefour was granted planning permission to build a hypermarket near the junction. Development of retail parks followed, in 1998 the Mall was opened; the Mall comprises 130 shops on two levels. Major stores include anchor-tenants John Lewis and Partners and Marks & Spencer, plus Boots, H&M, River Island and Topshop/Topman.
During 2013, the centre housed the Gromit Unleashed Exhibition and Store and hosted the charity auction that took place after the arts trial had concluded. Global corporations can be found in The Mall and include retailers such as Apple Inc, Bose Corporation and Tesla Motors; the food court is located on the upper level and is home to various chain outlets such as: KFC, McDonald's, Carluccio's, Pizza Hut, Nando's, Krispy Kreme and others. At its centre point The Mall has a large fountain with a water display. Money thrown into the fountain is donated to local charities, the company reports it raises in excess of £10,000 a year for local charities; the fountain has many copper pipes that pump water out in repeated patterns and either into the middle, or towards the middle, where another pipe shoots water high into the air every 5–10 minutes at 10 – 15 metres. The height of the water jet is adjustable to prevent any object, hanging from above, from getting wet. To celebrate the Mall's tenth anniversary, the company announced a five million pound refurbishment of the food court, completed in two stages with completion in May 2009.
As of 2018, The Mall is owned by M&G Real Estate and JT Baylis. The primary access routes are the M5 Junction 17, Hayes Way to the A38 and A4018; the Mall is one of the major shopping centres in the Bristol area, the other being Broadmead, the location of The Galleries and Cabot Circus. It should not be confused with shopping centres owned by The Mall Fund which are branded as The Mall and the town or city name. M&S HMV-Formerly Zavvi And Virgin Megastore H&M Boots WH Smith John Lewis and Partners New Look Joules Gap Gap Kids Gap Body Baby Gap Next Apple The two retail parks are warehouse style shops with entrances from outside. Cribbs Causeway Retail Park is a group of large shops off Lysander Road containing Argos, Currys PC World Megastore, Magnet Kitchens, Next Home, Oak Furniture Land, SCS, Smyths and Wren Kitchens. Nearby is Centaurus Retail Park containing Carpetright, Halfords, Maplin Electronics, T. K. Maxx, B&M. Other large stores include the United Kingdom's first Asda WalMart Supercentre, built by the French hypermarket chain Carrefour in the late 1970s.
When Carrefour pulled out of the UK it sold all of its stores, including the Bristol hypermarket, to the Dee Corporation which owned the Gateway store chain. Gateway sold all of its large format stores to Asda in 1989, it became an Asda hypermarket. After the sale of Asda by its management to Walmart in July 1999, it became the first Asda Wal*Mart Supercentre in July 2000; the store has since had yet another major refurbishment and has been rebranded as an Asda Supercentre and the Walmart branding has been removed. This is the location of the first Morrisons supermarket in the south west of England which opened in September 2003. There is a B&Q DIY store which houses a Furniture Village, DFS, Toys "R" Us and Wickes. On Hollywood Lane, which passes under the M5 motorway, is the Cribbs Business Centre. A Bang & Olufsen store is located on Cribbs Causeway and Topps Tiles is locat
Chipping Sodbury is a market town in the unitary authority of South Gloucestershire, south-west England, founded in the 12th century by William Crassus. It is the principal settlement in the civil parish of Sodbury, which includes the village of Old Sodbury. Little Sodbury is a nearby but separate civil parish. Sodbury parish council has elected to be known as Sodbury Town Council. At the 2001 census the population of Chipping Sodbury was 5,066, but in the last decade the town has become part of a much larger built-up area due to the rapid expansion of nearby Yate, with which it is contiguous to the west. At the census the combined population of Yate and Chipping Sodbury was 26,855. An electoral ward in the same name exists; this ward stretches south to Dodington. The total population of the ward taken at the 2011 census was 6,834. East of the town is the Chipping Sodbury Tunnel, a railway tunnel under the Cotswolds 2 miles 924 yards long, opened by the Great Western Railway in 1902; the tunnel is notorious for flooding in wet weather leading to disruption of services on the main railway line to and from South Wales.
Chipping Sodbury had a railway station from 1903 to 1961. Yate station, on the Bristol to Birmingham main line, closed in January 1965 but reopened in May 1989. Chipping Sodbury hosts a twice yearly Mop Fair the last weekends of March and September; the town holds a Festival Week in early June, including a "Big Lunch" where the main road is closed and residents bring picnics to eat on the street. A Big Lunch is held in December to combat loneliness amongst elderly people at Christmas. There is a farmers' market twice a month, on the fourth Saturdays. A Victorian Day is held on the first Saturday in December; the event starts with school choirs performing in the street, followed by the arrival of Father Christmas with snow guaranteed. The streets are lined with stalls from local charities and organisations and old time amusements, including a Ferris wheel, Helter Skelter and two children's rides. Choirs sing, bands play, stalls bring a market feel. A Hog Roast is held; the town celebrated its 800th anniversary in August 2018 with a weekend of medieval activities including another Big Lunch.
A time capsule was buried containing photographs of local businesses and poems written by local schoolchildren. The capsule is to be dug up on the town's 900th anniversary in August 2118; the town is served by a community radio station, GLOSS FM which broadcasts 365 days a year on its webcasts and twice a year on 87.7 MHz FM. Chipping Sodbury has two government funded a secondary school. Chipping Sodbury School, the secondary school, caters for children aged 11 to 18 and describes itself as a'Specialist Technology School'; the School shares a sixth form, named Cotswold Edge, with both Brimsham Green School and Yate International Academy. Subjects taken by students are split between the three locations; the School obtained a'Satisfactory' status from Ofsted in 2011. St John's Mead Primary School is named after the local CoE church; the other Primary School is Junior schools. Within the parish boundary is Old Sodbury Primary School. Dodington Parish Hall, situated next to Raysfield Junior and Infant Schools, is the home of Raysfield pre-school.
The town's name is recorded in Old English as Soppanbyrig = "Soppa's fort". "Chipping" means. Edward Jenner, in the 18th century, started his medical training in Sodbury, observing people catching cowpox and not catching smallpox. RC "Jack" Russell: former England cricket wicket keeper and artist owns an art gallery in the town. Sir James Dyson, inventor of the Dual Cyclone bagless vacuum cleaner, lives at Dodington Park just outside Chipping Sodbury. J. K. Rowling, author of the Harry Potter fantasy series, was born in 1965 at the Chipping Sodbury Maternity Hospital, on Station Road, Yate; until the age of four, she lived with her parents in Yate. David Verey, Gloucestershire: the Vale and the Forest of Dean, The Buildings of England edited by Nikolaus Pevsner, 2nd ed. ISBN 0-14-071041-8, pp. 155–157 Chipping Sodbury at Curlie
Abson is a small village in South Gloucestershire, England, it forms part of the civil parish of Wick and Abson. Abson is located on a minor road between the villages of Pucklechurch, it is a nucleated in pattern with some additional outlying farms and settlements. The centre of the village is the church. Abson is part of the Church of England parish of Wick and Abson, is part of the parliamentary constituency of Thornbury and Yate; the name Abson is a corruption of Abbots Ton - a place belonging to the Abbot. This was the Abbot of Glastonbury, as the manor of Pucklechurch was given to the Abbot after the murder of King Edmund at neighbouring Pucklechurch. In the 16th century the village was called Abston, was since shortened to Abson. Blue Lodge, one of the houses, was once the home of author of Black Beauty. Whilst staying there she witnessed a man killed by a cart and this was incorporated into the novel. Abson is centred on the church, it is dedicated to St James the Great, is a Grade I listed building, as are the churchyard walls and many of the graves.
The neighbouring farmhouse and barn are all Grade II listed. There are two fragments of carved knotwork masonry on the walls as well as a Sheela na Gig carving of a male figure high on the East wall; this figure is believed to date from early Norman times. The church contains an early 17th-century pulpit with 18th-century woodwork; the belltower contains six bells. Media related to Abson at Wikimedia Commons
Almondsbury is a large village near junction 16 of the M5 motorway, in South Gloucestershire, a civil parish which includes the villages of Hortham, Gaunt's Earthcott, Easter Compton, Compton Greenfield, Hallen. Almondsbury is in the South Gloucestershire unitary authority area; the electoral ward of Almondsbury covers the same area as the civil parish, stretching from Gaunt's Earthcott east of the M5 motorway south west to Hallen on the boundary with Bristol. The village is split by part of the escarpment overlooking the Severn floodplain. At the bottom of the hill is Lower Almondsbury where a pub and hotel, The Bowl Inn, is situated. South Wales, the Forest of Dean, the River Severn and both Severn Bridges are visible from the higher parts of the village; the place-name'Almondsbury' is first attested in the Domesday Book of 1086, where it appears as Almodesberie. The name means'Æthelmod's or Ealhmund's burgh or fortified place'; the pub takes its name from the bowl shape of the land surrounding the estuary.
Parts of this whitewashed-stone inn were the three cottages erected in 1146 to house the monks building the adjacent church of St Mary the Virgin. The present building became a licensed inn in 1550. At the bottom of the hill is the local church, dedicated to Saint Mary the Virgin; the church and tower were built in 1140 AD. The lead-covered spire was added some time before 1619. In 1817, a woman purporting to be Princess Caraboo was found in the town, in what was to become one of the more elaborate deceptions of the period. Another pub, The Swan Inn, is located on the A38, in the upper part of the village opposite an open space known as Almondsbury Tump. In March 2009 a community shop was opened in the village by the not-for-profit Almondsbury Community Services Association, situated opposite the Old School Hall at 14 Church Road; the community shop is staffed by unpaid volunteers. The aim of the project goes beyond a village shop, being a service for the village, to support local suppliers wherever possible, to be another focal point where people in the village can meet.
A proportion of the surplus generated by the shop is returned to community projects and organisations in the village. In 2018, the village community purchased the premises from the church through a Community Share issue; the chairman of the shop committee is John Mclevy. The village has an ambulance station, a motorway police station, a garden centre, a restaurant/pub. A helicopter base is in development next to the Almondsbury Interchange as a new home for NPAS Filton and the Great Western Air Ambulance. Almondsbury is home to non-League football club Almondsbury UWE who play at Almondsbury Sports & Social Complex on Gloucester Road. Almondbury Cricket Club and Almondsbury Tennis club are based at the same site. Gloucestershire FA are based in Almondsbury at Oakland Park. North Bristol RFC play next door. Education is provided by Almondsbury Church of England Primary School; this is a state maintained school. The Ofsted report, dated April 2009, rated the school as good. For secondary education Almondsbury is served by Patchway Community College.
Almondsbury is the birthplace of the lead singer of Franz Ferdinand. The civil parish of Almondsbury is much larger than the village, it includes the villages of Hortham, Gaunt's Earthcott, Easter Compton, Compton Greenfield and Hallen. It includes Cribbs Causeway and the site of the village of Charlton, now the western end of Filton Airfield; when it was created in 1866 the civil parish included Patchway, but not Easter Compton, Compton Greenfield, Cribbs Causeway or Charlton, all of which were transferred from the parish of Henbury in 1935. The parish of Patchway was separated from Almondsbury in 1953. Almondsbury Church Almondsbury Community Services Organisation Almondsbury Parish Council website Almondsbury Shop Website Almondsbury in the Domesday Book
Frenchay is a village and suburb of Bristol, England, to the north east of the city, but located in South Gloucestershire and the Civil Parish of Winterbourne. Frenchay was first recorded in 1257 as Fromscawe and as Fromeshaw, meaning the wood on the Frome; the village is situated between the B4058 road, which runs parallel to the M32 motorway, the wooded River Frome valley. Frenchay's largest place of worship is the Anglican Church of St John the Baptist, adjacent to the large village common, overlooked by a number of 18th Century houses principally built by wealthy Quaker families; these include the fine former Rectory, Bradford's House and the adjacent Frenchay Common House. Overlooking the common is the village school which dates from 1842; the village contains a Catholic church, a Quaker Meeting House and a Unitarian chapel. Cricket was played on Frenchay Common from early in the nineteenth century on the initiative of the Wadham family who lived at Frenchay Manor House, owned farms locally at Doynton, Mangotsfield and Frenchay, many of whom are buried in the graveyard of St John the Baptist Church.
W. G. Grace, the famous Victorian cricketer, whose family lived in the next village of Downend, was captain of the village cricket team; the Frenchay Cricket Club, said to have been the first village club in the county, was established in 1846. Frenchay gives its name to the Frenchay Campus of the University of the West of England, though the campus itself is situated in the neighbouring parish of Stoke Gifford. Frenchay was the home to Frenchay Hospital expanded during World War II for the US Army, which treated wounded soldiers returning from the D-Day landings in Normandy. Facilities merged with Southmead Hospital, further towards the centre of the city in 2014. A&E services closed on 19 May 2014; the closure of Frenchay Hospital will make way for a new housing development. Frenchay village has lots of green space, including the common, walks along the River Frome, a moor owned by The National Trust. One of the hubs of the village is the Village Hall, there is an annual village flower show. Frenchay's earliest place of worship was the Quaker Meeting House.
The present one dates from 1809, it replaced an earlier one of 1670. Many Quaker merchants from nearby Bristol made their homes here, including Joseph Storrs Fry, the Quaker chocolate manufacturer, who styled his company J S Fry & Sons, which manufactured the first commercially available chocolate bar in the world, he moved to Grove House in 1800. He died in 1835 and is buried in the burying ground behind the Meeting House along with his wife and daughter, Pricilla. John Wadham of Frenchay Manor House, was from 1789, a co-owner and director of Wadham, Ricketts & Co Wadham, Fry & Co, which manufactured Bristol blue glass at the Phoenix Glassworks near Temple Gate, examples of which can be seen in Bristol Museum, was a director of the Bristol Floating Harbour Company in 1820, his son Thomas Wadham was High Sheriff of Bristol in 1843, the year that Isambard Kingdom Brunel launched his ship SS Great Britain in Bristol Harbour. Thomas Wadham and his son the Rev. John Wadham were active in setting up the Winterbourne National School and his daughters were involved on the school's women's committee.
Thomas's son Edward Wadham, Mineral Agent to Walter Montagu Douglas Scott, 5th Duke of Buccleuch took his skills as a civil engineer who had worked under Brunel and his love of cricket to Barrow-in-Furness where, from 1851 until his death in 1913, he played an important part in the development of what had been a tiny hamlet into the biggest iron and steel centre in the world, a major ship-building force, in just forty years Frenchay Park, an adjacent suburb, is situated within Bristol city limits
Badminton is a village and civil parish in Gloucestershire, England. It consists of Little Badminton. In 1612 Edward Somerset, 4th Earl of Worcester, bought from Nicholas Boteler his manors of Great and Little Badminton, called Madmintune in the Domesday Book while one century earlier the name Badimyncgtun was recorded, held by that family since 1275; the village houses the Duke of Beaufort's residence, Badminton House, the principal seat of the Somerset family since the late 17th century. Badminton House gives its name to the sport of badminton; the village does have a small shop which serves as a Post Office. The village is located close to the A46 and A433, the B4040 passes south of it; the next motorway junction is Tormarton Interchange between A46 and M4. The former railway station in nearby Acton Turville closed in 1968; the nearest railway station is Yate on the Bristol–Gloucester line. West of the village is Badminton Airfield; the village is famous for its horse trials, which take place in early May each year in the grounds of Badminton House.
The parish church of St Michael and All Angels in Great Badminton is attached to the Duke of Beaufort's residence. The current church was built in 1785 and serves as the principal burial place of the Somerset family. Nearly all Dukes and Duchesses are interred here. A smaller church dedicated to St Michael and All Angels, stands in neighbouring Little Badminton. To the north of the main village is the small rural settlement of Little Badminton. Here can be found farm houses and estate lodges much in the traditional Cotswold style of architecture. Remains of a medieval'sunken village' can be seen in Little Badminton, as well as an ornamental dovecote or croft, mentioned in the Domesday book. Field Marshal FitzRoy James Henry Somerset, 1st Baron Raglan, aide-de-camp to the Duke of Wellington in the Peninsular War and commander of all the British forces in the Crimean War was born and buried in Badminton, he was the youngest son of the 5th Duke of Beaufort. The village of Badminton played host to the Dowager Queen Mary during the Second World War, evacuated from Marlborough House in London to take up residence at Badminton House for the duration of the war.
She lived here with her niece Duchess of Beaufort, wife of the 10th Duke. An air show was held in Badminton until the early 1990s. Badminton Golf Club was founded in early 1900s; the club closed in 1914. Media related to Badminton, Gloucestershire at Wikimedia Commons Badminton in the Domesday Book