Maverick (TV series)
Maverick is an American Western dramatic television series with comedic overtones created by Roy Huggins and starring James Garner. The show ran for five seasons from September 22, 1957, to July 8, 1962, on ABC. Maverick starred James Garner as Bret Maverick, an adroitly articulate cardsharp. Eight episodes into the first season, he was joined by Jack Kelly as his brother Bart Maverick, for the remainder of the first three seasons and Kelly alternated leads from week to week, sometimes teaming up for the occasional two-brother episode; the Maverick brothers were poker players from Texas who traveled the American Old West by horseback and stagecoach, on Mississippi riverboats getting into and out of life-threatening trouble of one sort or another involving money, women, or both. They would find themselves weighing a financial windfall against a moral dilemma, their consciences always trumped their wallets. When Garner left the series after the third season due to a legal dispute, Roger Moore was added to the cast as cousin Beau Maverick.
As before, the two starring Mavericks would alternate as series leads, with an occasional "team-up" episode. Partway through the fourth season Robert Colbert replaced Moore and played a third Maverick brother, Brent. No more than two series leads appeared together in the same episode, most episodes only featured one. All two-Maverick episodes included Jack Kelly as Bart Maverick. For the fifth and final season, the show returned to a "single Maverick" format, as it had been in the first eight episodes, with all the remaining new episodes starring Kelly as Bart; the new episodes, alternated with reruns from earlier seasons starring Garner. Budd Boetticher directed several of the early episodes of the first season. Robert Altman wrote and directed the episode entitled "Bolt from the Blue", starring Roger Moore, in the fourth season; the show was part of the Warner Bros. array of TV Westerns, which included Cheyenne, Colt.45, Bronco, The Alaskans, Sugarfoot. James Garner portrayed both Bret Maverick and, in one episode, Beau "Pappy" Maverick.
Bret Maverick is the epitome of a poker-playing rounder, always seeking out high-stakes games and remaining in one place for long. The show is credited with launching Garner's career, although he had appeared in several movies, including Shoot-Out at Medicine Bend with Randolph Scott, had filmed an important supporting role in Sayonara with Marlon Brando, which wasn't released until December 1957 but had been viewed by Huggins and the Warner Bros. staff casting their new television series. Maverick bested The Ed Sullivan Show and The Steve Allen Show in the television ratings. Huggins inverted the usual cowboy hero characteristics familiar to television and movie viewers of the time. Bret Maverick was vocally reluctant to risk his life, though he ended up being courageous in spite of himself, he flimflammed adversaries, but only those who deserved it. Otherwise he was honest to a fault, in at least one case insisting on repaying a questionable large debt. None of the Mavericks were fast draws with a pistol.
Bart once commented to a lady friend, "My brother Bret can outdraw me any day of the week, he's known as the Second Slowest Gun in the West." However, it was impossible for anyone to beat them in any sort of a fistfight the one cowboy cliché that Huggins left intact. Critics have referred to Bret Maverick as arguably the first TV anti-hero, have praised the show for its photography and Garner's charisma and subtly comedic facial expressions.. Jack Kelly played Uncle Bentley Maverick. Though Garner was supposed to be the only Maverick, the studio hired Jack Kelly to play brother Bart, starting with the eighth episode; the producers had realized that it took over a week to shoot a single episode, meaning that at some point the studio would run out of finished episodes to televise during the season, so Kelly was hired to rotate with Garner as the series lead, using two separate crews. In Bart's first episode, "Hostage!", in order to engender audience sympathy for the new character, the script called for him to be tied up and beaten by an evil police officer.
According to series creator Roy Huggins in his Archive of American Television interview, the two brothers were purposely written to be virtual clones, with no apparent differences inherent in the scripts whatsoever. This included being traveling poker players, loving money, professing to be cowards, spouting enigmatic words of advice their "Pappy" passed down to them, carrying a $1,000 bill pinned to the inside of a coat for emergency purposes. There was, one distinct—but accidental—difference between the two. Garner's episodes tended to be more comedic due to his obvious talent in that area, while Kelly's were inclined to be more dramatic. Huggins noted in the aforementioned Archive of American Television interview that Kelly, while funnier than Garner "off camera", dropped a funny line while shooting a scene "like a load of coal." Garner, at 6 feet 3 inches, was two inches taller than the more slender Kelly, leading a character in one episode to refer to Garner as "the big one" and the 6'1" Kelly as "the little one."
To get disappointed viewers used to the idea of a second Maverick, Garner filmed a series of brief vignettes that aired at the beginning of the Kelly-only episo
Sugarfoot is an American western television series that aired for sixty-nine episodes on ABC from 1957-1961 on Tuesday nights on a "shared" slot basis – rotating with Cheyenne. The Warner Bros. production stars Will Hutchins as Tom Brewster, an Easterner who comes to the Oklahoma Territory to become a lawyer. Jack Elam is cast in occasional episodes as sidekick Toothy Thompson. Brewster was a correspondence-school student whose apparent lack of cowboy skills earned him the nickname "Sugarfoot", a designation below that of a tenderfoot. Sugarfoot had no relation to the 1951 Randolph Scott Western film Sugarfoot aside from the studio owning the title, but its pilot episode was a remake of a 1954 western film called The Boy from Oklahoma, starring Will Rogers, Jr. as Tom Brewster. The pilot and premiere episode, "Brannigan's Boots," was so similar to The Boy from Oklahoma that Sheb Wooley and Slim Pickens reprised their roles from the film; as played by Rogers in the film, Brewster carried no gun, disliked firearms in general and vanquished villains with his roping skills if friendly persuasion failed.
For practical reasons, the pilot altered the character and made Brewster more like the typical Western hero -- reluctant to use guns but able and willing to do so if necessary. That remained his stance throughout the series, the title song mentions that Sugarfoot carries a rifle and a law book. Whenever he enters a saloon, Sugarfoot refuses alcohol and orders sarsaparilla "with a dash of cherry". Sugarfoot was one of the earliest products of the alliance between ABC and the fledgling Warner Brothers Television Department, chaired by William T. Orr. During the same period, other similar programs would appear, including Maverick, Bronco and Colt.45. Hutchins appeared as Sugarfoot in crossover episodes of Cheyenne and Maverick, in an installment of Bronco called "The Yankee Tornado", with Peter Breck as a young Theodore Roosevelt. Jack Kelly appeared as Bart Maverick in the Sugarfoot episode "A Price on His Head." Sugarfoot is only set in Oklahoma. He journeys south of the border into Mexico, numerous episodes are rich in Hispanic culture, with various roles played by Mexican or Mexican-American actors.
The pilot and premiere episode, "Brannigan's Boots", aired on September 17, 1957. In the story line, Tom Brewster is appointed the sheriff of the town of Bluerock by politicians who believe his apparent lack of cowboy skills will render him unable to maintain order after the murder of Sheriff Brannigan. Brewster takes the appointment and symbolically puts on a pair of boots left behind in the sheriff's office. Brannigan's daughter, sees Brewster wearing her father's boots and calls him a "sugarfoot", she questions. "Sugarfoot" successfully finds her father's killer but not without a fictitious incident with Billy the Kid. He soon wins Katie's heart too; the opening episode reveals that Sugarfoot's guns, mailed to him by his mother, were those of his late father. Will Hutchins... Tom'Sugarfoot' BrewsterMerry Anders... Katie BranniganLouis Jean Heydt... Paul EvansDennis Hopper... Billy the KidArthur Hunnicutt... Pop PurtyChubby Johnson... Postmaster Wally HigginsSlim Pickens... ShortyAinslie Pryor... Mayor Barney TurlockSheb Wooley...
Pete Will Rogers, Jr.... Sheriff Tom BrewsterNancy Olson... Katie BranniganLon Chaney, Jr.... Crazy CharlieAnthony Caruso... Mayor Barney TurlockWallace Ford... Postmaster Wally HigginsClem Bevans... Pop Pruty, Justice of the PeaceMerv Griffin... SteveLouis Jean Heydt... Paul EvansSheb Wooley... Pete MartinSlim Pickens... ShortyTyler MacDuff... Billy the KidJames Griffith... Joe Downey In "Reluctant Hero", the second episode of the series, Sugarfoot takes a ranch job from the aging Charlie Cade, he soon finds that Cade is involved in a range war with Ken and Linda Brazwell, brother-and-sister ranchers played by Michael Dante and Gloria Talbott. Sugarfoot clashes with Cade's foreman Curly Day, who burns down Cade's ranch house after Cade fires him. Cade dies in the fire, Sugarfoot is shot in the attack. Linda takes it upon herself to nurse Sugarfoot back to health. I. Stanford Jolley plays the mysterious "The Nighthawk". In "The Strange Land", viewers learn that Sugarfoot's father, George Brewster, was a regarded law-enforcement officer.
Based on a story by Louis L'Amour, this episode focuses upon an embittered rancher named Cash Billings. An old friend of George Brewster's, Billings hires Sugarfoot to repair fence on Billings' Slash B Ranch. Billings has allowed a hired gunman, Burr Fulton, to take over his spread and harass the neighboring small ranchers, but Sugarfoot arrives to bring law and justice to the situation. Jan Chaney plays Billings's daughter, who takes a liking to Sugarfoot, the nickname, the title of the series. Anne had accidentally killed her brother in a shooting, her father was unforgiving. In the unusually titled "Bunch Quitter", Sugarfoot is hired by Otto Jardine, for a mysterious cattle drive to an unknown destination. Kathleen Case plays Gail Jardine, Otto's daughter, smitten by an outlaw, Blacky; when Blacky fatally shoots the trail boss Slim Jackson, Sugarfoot gathers the evidence to bring him to jus
American Broadcasting Company
The American Broadcasting Company is an American commercial broadcast television network, a flagship property of Walt Disney Television, a subsidiary of the Disney Media Networks division of The Walt Disney Company. The network is headquartered in Burbank, California on Riverside Drive, directly across the street from Walt Disney Studios and adjacent to the Roy E. Disney Animation Building, But the network's second corporate headquarters and News headquarters remains in New York City, New York at their broadcast center on 77 West 66th Street in Lincoln Square in Upper West Side Manhattan. Since 2007, when ABC Radio was sold to Citadel Broadcasting, ABC has reduced its broadcasting operations exclusively to television; the fifth-oldest major broadcasting network in the world and the youngest of the Big Three television networks, ABC is nicknamed as "The Alphabet Network", as its initialism represents the first three letters of the English alphabet, in order. ABC launched as a radio network on October 12, 1943, serving as the successor to the NBC Blue Network, purchased by Edward J. Noble.
It extended its operations to television in 1948, following in the footsteps of established broadcast networks CBS and NBC. In the mid-1950s, ABC merged with United Paramount Theatres, a chain of movie theaters that operated as a subsidiary of Paramount Pictures. Leonard Goldenson, the head of UPT, made the new television network profitable by helping develop and greenlight many successful series. In the 1980s, after purchasing an 80 percent interest in cable sports channel ESPN, the network's corporate parent, American Broadcasting Companies, Inc. merged with Capital Cities Communications, owner of several print publications, television and radio stations. In 1996, most of Capital Cities/ABC's assets were purchased by The Walt Disney Company; the television network has eight owned-and-operated and over 232 affiliated television stations throughout the United States and its territories. Some of the ABC-affiliated stations can be seen in Canada via pay-television providers, certain other affiliates can be received over-the-air in areas within the Canada–United States border.
ABC News provides news and features content for select radio stations owned by Citadel Broadcasting, which purchased the ABC Radio properties in 2007. In the 1930s, radio in the United States was dominated by three companies: the Columbia Broadcasting System, the Mutual Broadcasting System, the National Broadcasting Company; the last was owned by electronics manufacturer Radio Corporation of America, which owned two radio networks that each ran different varieties of programming, NBC Blue and NBC Red. The NBC Blue Network was created in 1927 for the primary purpose of testing new programs on markets of lesser importance than those served by NBC Red, which served the major cities, to test drama series. In 1934, Mutual filed a complaint with the Federal Communications Commission regarding its difficulties in establishing new stations, in a radio market, being saturated by NBC and CBS. In 1938, the FCC began a series of investigations into the practices of radio networks and published its report on the broadcasting of network radio programs in 1940.
The report recommended that RCA give up control of either NBC NBC Blue. At that time, the NBC Red Network was the principal radio network in the United States and, according to the FCC, RCA was using NBC Blue to eliminate any hint of competition. Having no power over the networks themselves, the FCC established a regulation forbidding licenses to be issued for radio stations if they were affiliated with a network which owned multiple networks that provided content of public interest. Once Mutual's appeals against the FCC were rejected, RCA decided to sell NBC Blue in 1941, gave the mandate to do so to Mark Woods. RCA converted the NBC Blue Network into an independent subsidiary, formally divorcing the operations of NBC Red and NBC Blue on January 8, 1942, with the Blue Network being referred to on-air as either "Blue" or "Blue Network"; the newly separated NBC Red and NBC Blue divided their respective corporate assets. Between 1942 and 1943, Woods offered to sell the entire NBC Blue Network, a package that included leases on landlines, three pending television licenses, 60 affiliates, four operations facilities, contracts with actors, the brand associated with the Blue Network.
Investment firm Dillon, Read & Co. offered $7.5 million to purchase the network, but the offer was rejected by Woods and RCA president David Sarnoff. Edward J. Noble, the owner of Life Savers candy, drugstore chain Rexall and New York City radio station WMCA, purchased the network for $8 million. Due to FCC ownership rules, the transaction, to include the purchase of three RCA stations by Noble, would require him to resell his station with the FCC's approval; the Commission authorized the transaction on October 12, 1943. Soon afterward, the Blue Network was purchased by the new company Noble founded, the American Broadcasting System. Noble subsequently acquired the rights to the American Broadcasting Company name from George B. Storer in 1944. Meanwhile, in August 1944, the West Coast division of the Blue Network, which owned San Francisco radio station KGO, bought Los Angeles station KECA f
Jack L. Warner
Jack Leonard "J. L." Warner, born Jacob Warner, was a Canadian-American film executive, the president and driving force behind the Warner Bros. Studios in Burbank, California. Warner's career spanned some 45 years, its duration surpassing that of any other of the seminal Hollywood studio moguls; as co-head of production at Warner Bros. Studios, he worked with his brother, Sam Warner, to procure the technology for the film industry's first talking picture. After Sam's death, Jack clashed with his surviving older brothers and Albert Warner, he assumed exclusive control of the film production company in the 1950s, when he secretly purchased his brothers' shares in the business after convincing them to participate in a joint sale of stocks. Although Warner was feared by many of his employees and inspired ridicule with his uneven attempts at humor, he earned respect for his shrewd instincts and tough-mindedness, he recruited many of Warner Bros.' Top promoted the hard-edged social dramas for which the studio became known.
Given to decisiveness, Warner once commented, "If I'm right fifty-one percent of the time, I'm ahead of the game."Throughout his career, he was viewed as a contradictory and enigmatic figure. Although he was a staunch Republican, Warner encouraged film projects that promoted the agenda of Democratic President Franklin D. Roosevelt's New Deal, he opposed European fascism and criticized Nazi Germany well before America's involvement in World War II. An opponent of Communism, after the war Warner appeared as a friendly witness before the House Un-American Activities Committee, voluntarily naming screenwriters, fired as suspected Communists or sympathizers. Despite his controversial public image, Warner remained a force in the motion picture industry until his retirement in the early 1970s. Jack Warner was born in London, Ontario, in 1892, his parents were Jewish immigrants from Poland who spoke Yiddish. Jack was the fifth surviving son of Benjamin Warner a cobbler from Krasnosielc and his wife, the former Pearl Leah Eichelbaum.
Following their marriage in 1876, the couple had three children in Poland, one of whom died at a young age. One of the surviving children was Hirsch; the Warner family had occupied a "hostile world", where the "night-riding of cossacks, the burning of houses, the raping of women were part of life's burden for the Jews of the'shtetl'". In 1888, in search of a better future for his family and himself, Benjamin made his way to Hamburg and took a ship to America; the Warner surname was originally "Wonsal" or "Wonskolaser" Upon arriving in New York City, Benjamin introduced himself as "Benjamin Warner", the surname "Warner" remained with him for the rest of his life. Pearl Warner and the couple's two children joined him in Baltimore, less than a year later. In Baltimore, the couple had five more children, including Sam Warner. Benjamin Warner's decision to move to Canada in the early 1890s was inspired by a friend's advice that he could make an excellent living bartering tin wares with trappers in exchange for furs.
Their sons Jack and David were born in Ontario. After two arduous years in Canada and Pearl Warner returned to Baltimore, bringing along their growing family. Two more children and Milton, were added to the household there. In 1896, the family relocated to Youngstown, following the lead of Harry Warner, who established a shoe repair shop in the heart of the emerging industrial town. Benjamin worked with his son Harry in the shoe repair shop until he secured a loan to open a meat counter and grocery store in the city's downtown area. Jack spent much of his youth in Youngstown, he observed in his autobiography. Warner wrote: "J. Edgar Hoover told me that Youngstown in those days was one of the toughest cities in America, a gathering place for Sicilian thugs active in the Mafia. There was a murder or two every Saturday night in our neighborhood, knives and brass knuckles were standard equipment for the young hotheads on the prowl." Warner claimed that he belonged to a street gang based at Westlake's Crossing, a notorious neighborhood located just west of the city's downtown area.
Meanwhile, he received his first taste of show business in the burgeoning steel town, singing at local theaters and forming a brief business partnership with another aspiring "song-and-dance man". During his brief career in vaudeville, he changed his name to Jack Leonard Warner. Jack's older brother Sam disapproved of these youthful pursuits. "Get out front where they pay the actors," Sam Warner advised Jack. "That's where the money is." In Youngstown, the Warner brothers took their first tentative steps into the entertainment industry. In the early 20th century, Sam Warner formed a business partnership with another local resident and "took over" the city's Old Grand Opera House, which he used as a venue for "cheap vaudeville and photoplays"; the venture failed after one summer. Sam Warner secured a job as a projectionist at Idora Park, a local amusement park, he convinced the family of the new medium's possibilities and negotiated the purchase of a Model B Kinetoscope from a projectionist, "down on his luck".
The purchase price was $1,000, Jack Warner contributed $150 to the venture by pawning a horse, according to his obituary. The enterprising brothers screened a well-used copy of The Great Train Robbery throughout Ohio and Pennsylvania before renting a vacant store in New Castle, Pennsylvania; this makeshift theatre, called the Bijou, was furnished with chai
Wayde Preston was an American actor cast from 1957 to 1960 in the lead role in 67 episodes of the ABC/Warner Brothers western television series, Colt.45. He is known for his appearance in the title role of an acclaimed 1959 episode entitled "The Saga of Waco Williams" of another ABC/WB western series, Maverick. Born William Erksine Strange in Denver, Preston was reared in Laramie in southern Wyoming by his educator parents and Bernice Strange, he had two younger sisters and Mary. In 1947 he graduated from Laramie High School, where he was active in football, the school band and the Reserve Officer Training Corps, he attended the University of Wyoming in Laramie. He played in many bands during the late 1940s. In 1950 Preston was drafted into the United States Army. Trained in an artillery unit at Fort Bliss, Preston attained the rank of first lieutenant and fought in the Korean War. For a time, after his military service, he was a park ranger at Grand Teton National Park in northwestern Wyoming and rode the rodeo circuit before he got his break as an actor.
In Colt.45 he played Christopher Colt, a government undercover agent who masquerades as a pistol salesman traveling throughout the Old West. The series lasted until Preston, like James Garner and Clint Walker during the same period, ran afoul of the Warner Brothers studio and their production demands. Donald May replaced Preston in 1959 and 1960 in the role of Colt's cousin, Sam Colt Jr. but only in four episodes. Preston played the role of Christopher Colt in 1958 and 1959 in four episodes relating to "The Canary Kid" of the ABC/WB Sugarfoot series, starring Will Hutchins."The Saga of Waco Williams" is a critical favorite that paired Preston with James Garner, as Bret Maverick, drew more viewers than any other Maverick episode. Tom Selleck's recurring comical character of Lance White in NBC's The Rockford Files, starring James Garner, is loosely based by writer/producer Stephen J. Cannell upon Waco Williams After these appearances, Selleck in 1980 procured his own CBS series, Magnum, P. I.
Preston played some 20 roles in television and films between 1957-91. Following his departure from Colt.45 he went to Europe, where he appeared in numerous spaghetti westerns including Vic Morrow's A Man Called Sledge opposite James Garner as well as the 1968 film Anzio about the World War II Battle of Anzio. Preston played the role of Logan in another 1968 film, Wrath of God. Preston appeared on episodes of NBC's Bonanza and ABC's Starsky and Hutch, his last screen appearance was a supporting role in the 1990 film version of Captain America. Wayde Preston on IMDb Wayde Preston at Find a Grave
Casablanca is a 1942 American romantic drama film directed by Michael Curtiz based on Murray Burnett and Joan Alison's unproduced stage play Everybody Comes to Rick's. The film stars Humphrey Bogart, Ingrid Bergman, Paul Henreid. Set during contemporary World War II, it focuses on an American expatriate who must choose between his love for a woman and helping her and her husband, a Czech Resistance leader, escape from the Vichy-controlled city of Casablanca to continue his fight against the Nazis. Warner Bros. story editor Irene Diamond convinced producer Hal B. Wallis to purchase the film rights to the play in January 1942. Brothers Julius and Philip G. Epstein were assigned to write the script. However, despite studio resistance, they left to work on Frank Capra's Why We Fight series early in 1942. Howard Koch was assigned to the screenplay. Principal photography began on May 25, 1942, ending on August 3. Studios in Burbank, California with the exception of one sequence at Van Nuys Airport in Van Nuys, Los Angeles.
Although Casablanca was an A-list film with established stars and first-rate writers, no one involved with its production expected it to be anything other than one of the hundreds of ordinary pictures produced by Hollywood that year. Casablanca was rushed into release to take advantage of the publicity from the Allied invasion of North Africa a few weeks earlier, it had its world premiere on November 26, 1942, in New York City and was released nationally in the United States on January 23, 1943. The film was a solid if unspectacular success in its initial run. Exceeding expectations, Casablanca went on to win the Academy Award for Best Picture, while Curtiz was selected as Best Director and the Epsteins and Koch were honored for writing the Best Adapted Screenplay, its reputation improved, to the point that its lead characters, memorable lines, pervasive theme song have all become famous and it ranks near the top of lists of the greatest films in history. In December 1941, American expatriate Rick Blaine owns an upscale nightclub and gambling den in Casablanca.
"Rick's Café Américain" attracts a varied clientele, including Vichy French and German officials, refugees desperate to reach the still-neutral United States, those who prey on them. Although Rick professes to be neutral in all matters, he ran guns to Ethiopia during its war with Italy and fought on the Loyalist side in the Spanish Civil War. Petty crook Ugarte boasts to Rick of "letters of transit" obtained by murdering two German couriers; the papers allow the bearers to travel around German-occupied Europe and to neutral Portugal, are priceless to the refugees stranded in Casablanca. Ugarte plans to sell them at the club, asks Rick to hold them. Before he can meet his contact, Ugarte is arrested by the local police under the command of Captain Louis Renault, the unabashedly corrupt Vichy prefect of police. Ugarte dies in custody without revealing; the reason for Rick's bitterness—former lover Ilsa Lund—enters his establishment. Spotting Rick's friend and house pianist, Ilsa asks him to play "As Time Goes By."
Rick storms over, furious that Sam disobeyed his order never to perform that song, is stunned to see Ilsa. She is accompanied by Victor Laszlo, a renowned fugitive Czech Resistance leader, they need the letters to escape to America to continue his work. German Major Strasser has come to Casablanca to see; when Laszlo makes inquiries, Ferrari, a major underworld figure and Rick's friendly business rival, divulges his suspicion that Rick has the letters. Rick refuses to sell at any price, telling Laszlo to ask his wife the reason, they are interrupted when Strasser leads a group of officers in singing "Die Wacht am Rhein". Laszlo orders the house band to play "La Marseillaise"; when the band looks to Rick, he nods his head. Laszlo starts singing, alone at first patriotic fervor grips the crowd and everyone joins in, drowning out the Germans. Strasser demands Renault close the club, which he does on the pretext of discovering there is gambling on the premises. Ilsa confronts Rick in the deserted café.
When he refuses to give her the letters, she threatens him with a gun, but confesses that she still loves him. She explains that when they met and fell in love in Paris in 1940, she believed her husband had been killed attempting to escape from a concentration camp. While preparing to flee with Rick from the imminent fall of the city to the German army, she learned Laszlo was alive and in hiding, she left Rick without explanation to nurse her sick husband. Rick's bitterness dissolves, he agrees letting her believe she will stay with him when Laszlo leaves. When Laszlo unexpectedly shows up, having narrowly escaped a police raid on a Resistance meeting, Rick has waiter Carl spirit Ilsa away. Laszlo, aware of Rick's love for Ilsa, tries to persuade him to use the letters to take her to safety; when the police arrest Laszlo on a minor, trumped-up charge, Rick persuades Renault to release him by promising to set him up for a much more serious crime: possession of the letters. To allay Renault's suspicions, Rick explains.
When Renault tries to arrest Laszlo as arranged, Rick forces him at gunpoint to assist in their escape. At the last moment, Rick makes Ilsa board the plane to Lisbon with Laszlo, telling her that she would regret it if she stayed—"Maybe not today, maybe not tomorrow, but soon and for the rest of your life." Strasser, tipped off by Renault, drives up alone. Rick shoots him wh
Kings Row is a 1942 film starring Ann Sheridan, Robert Cummings, Ronald Reagan that tells a story of young people growing up in a small American town at the turn of the twentieth century. The picture was directed by Sam Wood; the film was adapted by Casey Robinson from a best-selling 1940 novel of the same name by Henry Bellamann. The film features Betty Field, Charles Coburn, Claude Rains; the musical score was composed by Erich Wolfgang Korngold, the cinematographer was James Wong Howe. In the film, Reagan's character, Drake McHugh, has both legs amputated by a sadistic surgeon, played by Coburn; when he comes to, following the operation, he gasps in shock and horror, "Where's the REST of me???" Reagan used that line as the title of his 1965 autobiography. Reagan and most film critics considered Kings Row his best film. Reagan called the film a "slightly sordid but moving yarn" that "made me a star." In the small midwestern town of Kings Row, in 1890, five children know and play with each other: Parris Mitchell, a polite, clever little boy who lives with his grandmother.
Parris is both friends with and drawn to Cassandra, whom the other children avoid because her family is "strange". They play together regularly; the boys are best friends, Randy plays with the boys sometimes as well. When Dr. Tower takes Cassie out of school, she is confined at home, Parris does not see her for many years, he meets her again when she opens the door for him to begins his medical studies under Dr. Tower's tutelage. However, she is hesitant and says nothing; the next morning Parris' best friend, says that intends to marry Louise, in love with him as well, despite the disapproval of her father Dr. Gordon. Louise, refuses to defy her parents and will not marry him; as Parris continues his studies with Dr. Tower and Cassie begin a secret romance, seeing each other at Drake's house, but he and Dr. Drake have a good relationship as well. Dr. Drake has interested Parris in psychiatry. Parris' grandmother becomes ill from cancer and dies as he is about to go overseas to Vienna for medical school.
Parris wants to marry Cassie. One night Cassie comes to him, begging him to take her with him to Vienna; when Parris hesitates, she runs away back home. The next morning, Drake learns that Dr. Tower has poisoned Cassie and shot himself, has left his entire estate to Parris. Drake tells Parris and gives him Dr. Tower's notebook, which showed that he killed Cassie because he believed he saw early signs that she might go insane like her mother, he wanted to prevent Parris from ruining his life by marrying her, just as Tower's life had been ruined by marrying Cassie's mother. While Parris is in Vienna, Drake's trust fund is stolen by a dishonest bank official. Drake is forced to work locally for the railroad, his legs are injured in an accident when tiles fall on him. Dr. Gordon amputates both of his legs. Drake, courting Randy before the accident, now marries her but is now embittered by the loss of his legs and refuses to leave his bed. Parris exchanges letters with Randy and he tells her, they decide to start a business with building houses for working families.
Parris returns from Vienna to Kings Row to support Drake. But, when Parris suggests they move into one of the homes they've built, away from the railroad tracks and sounds of the trains that plague Drake, he becomes hysterical and makes Randy swear to never make him leave the room. Parris decides to remain there at Kings Row when he learns that Dr. Gordon has died, leaving the town with no doctor. Louise reveals that her father amputated Drake's legs unnecessarily, because he hated Drake and thought it was his duty to punish wickedness. Parris at first wishes to withhold the truth from Drake, fearing it will destroy his fragile recovery, he considers confining Louise to a mental institution though she is not insane, to prevent the truth from being revealed to Drake and other victims of her father. When out walking, he sees a woman sitting where Cassie used to sit, dressed similarly, she has moved into his childhood home, he becomes close to her and her father. Paris discusses the problem regarding Louise with Elise.
She persuades him to treat Drake like any other patient, rather than his best friend. Parris tells Drake. Drake reacts with defiance, wondering if Dr. Gordon thought he lived in his legs, he summons a renewed will to live instead of the deep clinical depression. Parris is now free to marry Elise. Twentieth-Century Fox sought to buy Bellamann's novel as a vehicle for Henry Fonda. Philip Reed, Rex Downing, Tyrone Power were considered for the role of Parris. Producer Hal B. Wallis borrowed Robert Cummings from Universal Studios when Twentieth-Century Fox refused to lend Power. Ida Lupino, Olivia de Havilland and Ginger Rogers were considered for the role of Cassandra. Director Sam Wood pushed hard to cast Lupino, saying that she "has a natural something that Cassie should have." Wood believed. Lupino turned it down, despite Wallis' emphatic arguments, saying that it was "be