Dane Aaron Rumble is a New Zealand recording artist. He is a former member of Fast Crew. Dane Rumble has a large fan base in Edinburgh, United Kingdom, where the term'rumbling' is used to describe listening to his music. Rumble received his education at St Peter's College, Auckland. Rumble started out in 1999 as the co-founder, writer and co-producer of New Zealand Hip-Hop act Fast Crew, their debut single "I Got" peaked at number four in the RIANZ New Zealand Singles Chart, their debut album Set the Record Straight peaked number 11 on the Album Chart. The album produced another two top ten singles, "It's the Incredible" and "Suburbia Streets". In 2008 they released their second album Lies & Red Tape. In early 2009 the group disbanded amicably with Rumble pursuing a solo career, he describes his music as "a brand new New Zealand sound". Dane resides in Sydney and extensively tours both Australia and New Zealand. In March 2009, Rumble released his first solo single "Always Be Here"; the track debuted on the RIANZ New Zealand Singles Chart at number 33 and peaked at number 13.
The single was certified gold status for selling over 7,500 copies digitally. A second single, "Don't Know What to Do", was released in July, after a nationwide radio tour, funded by New Zealand On Air, the single reached number 10 on the chart, becoming his first top 10 single as a solo artist. A third single titled "Cruel" was released in November, debuted at number 17 on the New Zealand singles chart; the track has since climbed to number 3, making the track his third consecutive top 20 single, on top of that, Cruel was certified platinum with sales over 15,000. Rumble spent the summer of 2009/10 with Martin Stevenson, performing on both'Coca-Cola Bands on Beach Tour' &'The Woah Oh Oh Tour'. Rumble's debut solo album, The Experiment was released on 29 March 2010; the album debuted at number 1 on the New Zealand Albums Chart. The following single Everything so far has reached no. 20 on the chart. Ahead of Dane Rumble's'The Experiment Tour' alongside J. Williams, the two released a collaboration,'Takes Me Higher' which debuted at Number Two on the New Zealand Singles Chart.
August saw the official release of'Always Be Here' in Australia. Dane was the No. 1 breakthrough act on Australian radio the week of the single release.'What Are You Waiting For?' was the fifth single in New Zealand, released digitally on 30 August. In September 2010 Rumble was nominated for six New Zealand Music Awards, he received the same number of nominations as pop singer Gin Wigmore. After taking a brief holiday from touring and music duties, Rumble embarked on a trip to the USA and UK to start work on his second album. Working with various producers and writers including producer Manuel Seal Jr along with Dutch songwriter Louis Schoorl. In mid-March 2012 Rumble confirmed his lead single "Lights Go Out" from his second studio album titled "Exodus"; the single is due to be released in New Zealand 26 March and the album to be released "Late 2012". Unlike his first album, Exodus will feature other artists alongside Rumble and be more of a collaborative effort with writing and recording duties being shared rather than Rumble being the sole-creator.
The album is due in 2013. Rumble has a line of jewellery called Culet. Stylistically, Rumble is influenced by Kanye West. Dane Rumble on Twitter
New Zealand is a sovereign island country in the southwestern Pacific Ocean. The country geographically comprises two main landmasses—the North Island, the South Island —and around 600 smaller islands. New Zealand is situated some 2,000 kilometres east of Australia across the Tasman Sea and 1,000 kilometres south of the Pacific island areas of New Caledonia and Tonga; because of its remoteness, it was one of the last lands to be settled by humans. During its long period of isolation, New Zealand developed a distinct biodiversity of animal and plant life; the country's varied topography and its sharp mountain peaks, such as the Southern Alps, owe much to the tectonic uplift of land and volcanic eruptions. New Zealand's capital city is Wellington. Sometime between 1250 and 1300, Polynesians settled in the islands that were named New Zealand and developed a distinctive Māori culture. In 1642, Dutch explorer Abel Tasman became the first European to sight New Zealand. In 1840, representatives of the United Kingdom and Māori chiefs signed the Treaty of Waitangi, which declared British sovereignty over the islands.
In 1841, New Zealand became a colony within the British Empire and in 1907 it became a dominion. Today, the majority of New Zealand's population of 4.9 million is of European descent. Reflecting this, New Zealand's culture is derived from Māori and early British settlers, with recent broadening arising from increased immigration; the official languages are English, Māori, NZ Sign Language, with English being dominant. A developed country, New Zealand ranks in international comparisons of national performance, such as quality of life, education, protection of civil liberties, economic freedom. New Zealand underwent major economic changes during the 1980s, which transformed it from a protectionist to a liberalised free-trade economy; the service sector dominates the national economy, followed by the industrial sector, agriculture. Nationally, legislative authority is vested in an elected, unicameral Parliament, while executive political power is exercised by the Cabinet, led by the prime minister Jacinda Ardern.
Queen Elizabeth II is the country's monarch and is represented by a governor-general Dame Patsy Reddy. In addition, New Zealand is organised into 11 regional councils and 67 territorial authorities for local government purposes; the Realm of New Zealand includes Tokelau. New Zealand is a member of the United Nations, Commonwealth of Nations, ANZUS, Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development, ASEAN Plus Six, Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation, the Pacific Community and the Pacific Islands Forum. Dutch explorer Abel Tasman sighted New Zealand in 1642 and named it Staten Land "in honour of the States General", he wrote, "it is possible that this land joins to the Staten Land but it is uncertain", referring to a landmass of the same name at the southern tip of South America, discovered by Jacob Le Maire in 1616. In 1645, Dutch cartographers renamed the land Nova Zeelandia after the Dutch province of Zeeland. British explorer James Cook subsequently anglicised the name to New Zealand. Aotearoa is the current Māori name for New Zealand.
It is unknown whether Māori had a name for the whole country before the arrival of Europeans, with Aotearoa referring to just the North Island. Māori had several traditional names for the two main islands, including Te Ika-a-Māui for the North Island and Te Waipounamu or Te Waka o Aoraki for the South Island. Early European maps labelled the islands North and South. In 1830, maps began to use North and South to distinguish the two largest islands and by 1907 this was the accepted norm; the New Zealand Geographic Board discovered in 2009 that the names of the North Island and South Island had never been formalised, names and alternative names were formalised in 2013. This set the names as North Island or Te Ika-a-Māui, South Island or Te Waipounamu. For each island, either its English or Māori name can be used. New Zealand was one of the last major landmasses settled by humans. Radiocarbon dating, evidence of deforestation and mitochondrial DNA variability within Māori populations suggest New Zealand was first settled by Eastern Polynesians between 1250 and 1300, concluding a long series of voyages through the southern Pacific islands.
Over the centuries that followed, these settlers developed a distinct culture now known as Māori. The population was divided into iwi and hapū who would sometimes cooperate, sometimes compete and sometimes fight against each other. At some point a group of Māori migrated to Rēkohu, now known as the Chatham Islands, where they developed their distinct Moriori culture; the Moriori population was all but wiped out between 1835 and 1862 because of Taranaki Māori invasion and enslavement in the 1830s, although European diseases contributed. In 1862 only 101 survived, the last known full-blooded Moriori died in 1933; the first Europeans known to have reached New Zeala
Christina Parie known by her stage names KYA and Christina Castle, is an Australian singer and songwriter, best known as a finalist on the third season of The X Factor Australia in 2011. She subsequently signed with Warner Music Australia and released her debut single "16 & Unstoppable" in July 2012. Parie has since changed her artist name to KYA, releasing a single entitled "What I Live For" with LDN Noise in May 2014. Christina Parie was born on February 10, 1996 to Jim and Mary Papoulias, came from Castle Hill, New South Wales. Born as the middle child, Parie has an older sister, a younger brother, Jordan, she is the only member of her family that sings and has cited Avril Lavigne, Kelly Clarkson and The Cranberries as her musical influences. Parie started her music career as the lead singer of the five-piece band Losing Sight, who performed at cafes and venues across Sydney. From grade eight to ten, she attended Mount St Benedict College in New South Wales. After finding it difficult to continue school in grade eleven due her time on The X Factor, Parie quit school to pursue her music career.
Parie auditioned for the third season of The X Factor in 2011, singing Kelly Clarkson's "I Do Not Hook Up" in front of judges Ronan Keating, Guy Sebastian, Natalie Bassingthwaighte and Mel B. Keating described Parie's stage presence as "incredible" while Mel B said, "I'm surprised a record company hasn't tried to snap you up already." Sebastian commented, "you are complete, people in the record industry look for people like you." Parie progressed through to the bootcamp stage where she was placed into the Girls category, mentored by Mel B. After bootcamp, she progressed through to the home visits stage where the Girls travelled to Hollywood, California to perform in front of Mel B and guest judge Melanie Chisholm. During the last day of home visits, Mel B selected Parie, along with Tyla Bertolli and Jacqui Newland, for the live finals—a series of ten weekly live shows in which contestants are progressively eliminated by public vote. In week seven of the live shows, she landed in the bottom two for the first time with Reece Mastin, following her rendition of David Guetta's "When Love Takes Over".
Parie was eliminated after Keating and Bassingthwaighte chose to save Mastin. She was the last contestant from the Girls category to be eliminated. Coling Vickery of the Herald Sun called her elimination "one of the biggest shocks" of the season. In January 2012, Parie and fellow X-Factor contestant Johnny Ruffo were supporting acts for Reece Mastin's first headlining Australian tour. In March 2012, she posted a cover of Simple Plan's "Jet Lag" on her YouTube page; the cover's success prompted the band to invite her to tour with them for a few shows in Australia alongside We the Kings. While on tour, Parie contributed featured vocals to "Jet Lag". Shortly after, in June 2012, it was announced that Parie had signed a record deal with Warner Music Australia, her debut single "16 & Unstoppable" was released digitally on 13 July 2012, which debuted and peaked at number 69 on the ARIA Singles Chart. A five-track extended play titled 16 & Unstoppable was released on 27 July 2012; the EP's third track "Back to Life" was written by The Veronicas.
Parie performed "16 & Unstoppable" at Nickelodeon Australia's first Slimefest concert on 15 September 2012. In May 2014, Parie announced, her first single as KYA, "What I Live For", was released digitally on 2 May 2014, peaked at number 65 on the ARIA Singles Chart. On 13 May 2015, it was announced that Parie was voted the singer of the national anthem at the 2015 A-League Grand Final. Parie, who received 54 percent of the vote, was one of three singers. In 2016, Parie changed her artist name to Christina Castle. Parie was working on a new album with Linda Perry. In 2017, Christina went on a US tour playing with Mikey Mike for Yelawolf's 47 date US/Canada tour. In 2018, Parie released her song Little Bit Scared on in the year she let her fans know on twitter that she is recording a new song titled Crazy Lover with Lido. In June 2018 Castle appeared on season two of The Four, she auditioned with her own rendition of Side to Side by Ariana Grande and did not get through with all the judges giving her a no.
Magic Dirt are an Australian rock band, which formed in 1991 in Geelong, with Daniel Herring on guitar, Adam Robertson on drums, Adalita Srsen on vocals and guitar, Dean Turner on bass guitar. Forming an alternative underground band called Deer Bubbles which split and formed into the much heavier, rock based group called The Jim Jims, they were renamed as Magic Dirt, their top 40 releases on the ARIA Albums Chart are Friends in Danger, What Are Rockstars Doing Today, Tough Love and Snow White. They have received nine ARIA Music Award nominations including four at the ARIA Music Awards of 1995 for Life Was Better – their second extended play. Turner died in August 2009 of dermatofibrosarcoma protuberans. From 2010 to November 2018 the band were on hiatus. Magic Dirt formed as Deer Bubbles in 1991 in Geelong, Victoria with Adalita Srsen on vocals and guitar, Dean Turner on bass guitar. Within the same year, they started a new band, with transitory names such as "Detroit", "Brad" and "The Jim Jims", with guitarist Daniel Herring.
Using the transitory name, "The Jim Jims", the band recorded a cover version of The Velvet Underground's "Heroin" for a Geelong compilation called Check This Action... Let the Fun Begin, released in 1992. After the addition of drummer Adam Robertson, they became known as Magic Dirt. Srsen told a fanzine in 1996, "...we used to be in a band before Magic Dirt called Deer Bubbles. Dean knew Daniel from skating, he moved in with us, we'd play like one song for forty minutes, we just loved it. We wanted to find a drummer, we went through about five we found Adam through a mutual friend and, it. We only used to have three songs we used to play for an hour". Early in 1993, the band supported Sonic Pavement on their Australian tours. In the year, The band issued its debut single, "Supertear", for Fellaheen Records. By the time of its release in July, the band had broken up. However, they soon signed with Au Go Go Records in November, their first extended play, Signs of Satanic Youth appeared in December, with the track "Redhead" receiving airplay on Triple J radio.
In April 1994, Magic Dirt split however, the group again reformed and released a second EP, Life Was Better in November. The EP included the tracks "Ice" and "Amoxycillin" and debuted at No. 1 on the Australian alternative music chart. It remained on that chart for 75 weeks selling 20,000 copies. Life Was Better went on to receive four nominations at the ARIA Music Awards of 1995. In early 1995, the band performed on the Big Day Out festival tour across Australia, with Hole and Silverchair; the success of Life Was Better had attracted international attention and Geoffrey Weiss, of Warner Music in the United States, traveled to Australia to see the band perform at the Big Day Out. Weiss negotiated a deal with their manager, Gavan Purdy and the band signed a two-album deal with Warner. In August 1995, Daniel Herring left the band, his final recording with the group was the 10" vinyl single, "I Was Cruel", which featured the words "Thankyou, Daniel. Goodbye" etched onto the vinyl. Dave Thomas, of fellow Geelong band Bored!, who had managed Magic Dirt at the early stages of their career, was recruited as Herring's replacement on guitar.
In February 1996, Dirt Records released the band's debut album in the US. The album was a compilation of their first two EPs, along with the track "Goofy Gumb", titled Magic Dirt. In March, Magic Dirt began recording their debut album proper, Friends in Danger, in Sydney with Paul McKercher producing; the music style was a reaction to the accessibility of their earlier material. While Warner had expected more songs in the vein of "Ice", the band offered tracks like the 8-minute "Bodysnatcher". Warner were less than impressed, went so far as to offer the band additional time and money to re-record the album; the band refused, when Friends in Danger was released in September, the label put little effort into promoting it. According to rock music historian, Ian McFarlane, " matched the band's fearless experimentation with a dark, unhinged sound that went from moments of eerie near-silence to full-tilt guitar noise". Friends in Danger peaked at No. 25 on the ARIA Albums Chart, went on to sell 10,000 copies in Australia, helped along by "Sparrow", the album's most accessible track and only single.
The group toured North America supporting Archers of Loaf and promoting Friends in Danger in 1996. Warner still refused to promote the album and they were dropped by the label. Since the band had a two album deal, Warner paid them for the second album, despite the fact that they did not release it. In January 1997, Magic Dirt again performed on the Big Day Out tour. In July, Thomas left and his replacement on guitar was Spanish-born Raúl Sánchez – former front man of Melbourne band, Muffcake; the group began recording its second full-length record, Young & Full of the Devil, at Birdland Studios with producer Lindsay Gravina. They followed with a three-week tour of the United Kingdom and continental Europe in the half of the year. Subway Records in Germany released an updated version of the band's US debut, with new artwork and two additional tracks; the group ended 1997 with a new single, "Rabbit with Fangs", a national tour supporting Silverchair, playing large arenas around Australia. April 1998 saw the release of Young & Full of the Devil, which failed to reach the top 50.
Stalling at No. 98. The album continued the unsettling, fuzzy sound of the debut, sold 10,000 copies in Australia – Turner claimed on the band's website that it was the band's lowest selling albu
Katie Anne Noonan is an Australian singer-songwriter. In addition to a successful solo career encompassing opera, pop and dance, she sings in the groups george and Elixir. Noonan was the musical director of and performed at the 2018 Commonwealth Games' opening and closing ceremonies. Noonan grew up with a strong background in classical music, with her mother Maggie being a well-known opera singer, she studied jazz at the Queensland Conservatorium. After graduation, Noonan began fronting the pop-rock group george, along with her brother Tyrone Noonan. Noonan founded george with her brother, with whom she shares lead vocals, in 1996 to enter a university music competition. After a series of successful independently released EPs, they signed to Festival Mushroom Records and released the debut album Polyserena in 2002, which debuted in the number 1 position on the Australian Recording Industry Association albums chart. George won the Breakthrough Artist ARIA award in 2002 and performed the song "Breathe in Now" at the award ceremony.
Noonan founded the jazz trio Elixir in 1997, which released their debut self-titled album in 2003. Elixir's second album First Seed Ripening was released on 5 August 2011, it won the 2011 ARIA Award for Best Jazz Album. Noonan released an album of jazz and operatic duets with her mother in 2004. Entitled Two of a Kind, the album was released by the ABC Classics label. In 2004, Katie guest appeared at the Lord Of The Rings Symphony. Reviewer Murray Black said. Here is a rare talent with a voice of extraordinary versatility. In most of her solos, she sounded like a classical soprano as she soared over the orchestra with a spine-tingling, vibrato-less angelic purity. In Gollum’s Song and the Oscar-winning Into the West, she revealed her pop diva credentials with her strong, clear voice projecting effortlessly out in the audience." Paul Grabowsky and Noonan teamed up for the jazz cycle. Consisting of words written by Dorothy Porter, the album tracks "the mysterious shifts and changes of a relationship."
The album won the 2005 ARIA Award for Best Jazz Album. In 2005, Noonan was invited by Deborah Conway to take part in the Broad Festival project—together with three other Australian female artists they performed their own and each other's songs. Sara Storer, Ruby Hunter and Clare Bowditch were the other female artists. Noonan recorded a solo album entitled Skin at Sydney's Linear Recording in 2006. Produced by Andrew Klippel, Skin was released on 11 August 2007, debuted at number 6 on the ARIA'Top 50' album charts and number 1 on the Australian ARIA'Top 20' album chart; the debut single "Time To Begin" debuted at number 30 on the ARIA Top 50. Following the success of the remix of "Time To Begin", Noonan collaborated with John Course and Mr Timothy; the collaboration involved the re-recording of Noonan's vocal tracks and a dance version of her solo album was released under the title Second Skin. On 22 February 2008, Noonan was a support act for Cyndi Lauper at King's Park Botanic Gardens, Western Australia, was invited on stage by Lauper to sing along to "Girls Just Want to Have Fun".
In 2008, Noonan was featured as the vocalist in Telstra's "I Am Australian" series of advertisements. Noonan released a jazz album of Lennon and McCartney cover versions in 2008 entitled Blackbird: The Music of Lennon and McCartney; the Katie Noonan and the Captains album Emperor's Box was created over a three-year period and is Noonan's second release for Sony Music. Noonan wrote all of the songs and collaborated with the following artists during the recording of the album: Tim Finn, Sia Furler, Don Walker, Josh Pyke and Australian writer/poet Tom Shapcott; the album was co-produced by Nick DiDia. It was preceded by the single "Page One" released in February. In 2011, Noonan toured Songs from the British Isles. An ep was released available only from Noonan's website. In 2012, the two recorded Songs of the Southern Skies; the album was nominated for two ARIA Awards at the 2012 ceremony. In 2013, Noonan released Songbook, an album that saw Noonan re-recording songs from her time in george and Elixir.
She worked with the Sydney Dance Company on the production. In 2014, she released Fierce Hearts, nominated for an ARIA Award at the 2014 ceremony, it was music alongside a contemporary circus show by Circa. In 2015, Noonan released Transmutant through Universal Music Australia; the album peaked at number 33 on the ARIA Charts. In 2016, Noonan released With Love and Fury in April, they toured Australia throughout May. In December 2016, Noonan announced the release Songs of the Latin Skies with Karin Schaupp; the album due for release in February 2017 and will see the duo embark on a musical journey through the South American songbook, exploring the sounds and beats of the bossa nova, salsa and samba. The duo will play live shows across the country from the middle of March. A National Office for Live Music was launched by Australian Prime Minister Kevin Rudd in July 2013 and, as of August 2013, Noonan is the state ambassador for Queensland. In 2013, Noonan combined with the Sydney Dance Company and musicians from the Sydney Symphony Orchestra and conductor Richard Gill to perform Britten's song cycle Les Illuminations at Sydney's City Recital Hall Angel Place.
This production was taken in 2014 to Brisbane's QPAC with the Queensland Symphony Orchestra under Johannes Fritzsch. Noonan was the official ambassa
Vassy Karagiorgos, known mononymously as Vassy, is an Australian singer and record producer. Vassy, whose parents are both from Greece, was discovered by Australian Radio Station Triple J after she won song of the year, her single "We Are Young" reached No. 1 on the US Billboard Dance Chart, making her the first Australian Artist to go No. 1 with her solo single debut release. She is Gold recording artist. In 2014, Vassy collaborated with David Guetta and Showtek on their song "Bad", which became 7 times double platinum and established her in the electronic dance music scene. In 2015, she collaborated with Tiësto and KSHMR on their track "Secrets", which reigned atop the Billboard Club chart and Beatport charts, went straight to number No. 1 in 20 countries. In 2016, she released her single "Nothing to Lose" through Musical Freedom Records, co-produced by Tiësto; the same year, she was called by Afrojack to meet at his studio during one of her trips to Amsterdam. Vassy and Afrojack ended up playing and working on different concepts, with "Lost" being the final output out of their collaboration.
The song was released through Armada Music one year in 2017, together with Oliver Rosa. "Lost" hit No. 1 on the Billboard Dance Club Songs chart in May 2018, marking Vassy's fourth Billboard No. 1 single. Vassy's music incorporates dance and soul as a base for her vocal styling, her music has received an array including ARIA Awards and IDMA awards. She has performed in major EDM festivals around the world, including Ultra Music Festival in Miami, Tomorrowland Belgium, Electric Zoo NY, Stereosonic Australia, her song was featured in the Tina Fey film Admission, Disney's Oscar-winning film Frozen, in the campaign Gok Loves for Target Australia. Vassy's songs have been featured in EA Games, Sketchers, Victoria's Secret, Pepsi commercials, Grey's Anatomy. Vassy is an ambassador for the NOH8 campaign and a spokesperson for Green IT, she volunteers and teaches music workshops at AVIVA in Los Angeles. My Affection The Acoustics EP Beautiful Day We Are Young "I Can See Clearly Now" "Cover You In Kisses" "Get Busy" "Wanna Fly" "Loverman" "Kick My Ass" "History" "Desire" "Could This Be Love" "We Are Young" "MAD" "Hustlin'" "T.
U. T. P" "Nothing To Lose" "Lost" "Somebody New" "Concrete Heart "Spotlight" "Miss Automatic" "TOKYO STYLE" "Burn" "T. U. T. P." List of number-one dance hits List of artists who reached number one on the US Dance chart Official website
Canada is a country in the northern part of North America. Its ten provinces and three territories extend from the Atlantic to the Pacific and northward into the Arctic Ocean, covering 9.98 million square kilometres, making it the world's second-largest country by total area. Canada's southern border with the United States is the world's longest bi-national land border, its capital is Ottawa, its three largest metropolitan areas are Toronto and Vancouver. As a whole, Canada is sparsely populated, the majority of its land area being dominated by forest and tundra, its population is urbanized, with over 80 percent of its inhabitants concentrated in large and medium-sized cities, many near the southern border. Canada's climate varies across its vast area, ranging from arctic weather in the north, to hot summers in the southern regions, with four distinct seasons. Various indigenous peoples have inhabited what is now Canada for thousands of years prior to European colonization. Beginning in the 16th century and French expeditions explored, settled, along the Atlantic coast.
As a consequence of various armed conflicts, France ceded nearly all of its colonies in North America in 1763. In 1867, with the union of three British North American colonies through Confederation, Canada was formed as a federal dominion of four provinces; this began an accretion of provinces and territories and a process of increasing autonomy from the United Kingdom. This widening autonomy was highlighted by the Statute of Westminster of 1931 and culminated in the Canada Act of 1982, which severed the vestiges of legal dependence on the British parliament. Canada is a parliamentary democracy and a constitutional monarchy in the Westminster tradition, with Elizabeth II as its queen and a prime minister who serves as the chair of the federal cabinet and head of government; the country is a realm within the Commonwealth of Nations, a member of the Francophonie and bilingual at the federal level. It ranks among the highest in international measurements of government transparency, civil liberties, quality of life, economic freedom, education.
It is one of the world's most ethnically diverse and multicultural nations, the product of large-scale immigration from many other countries. Canada's long and complex relationship with the United States has had a significant impact on its economy and culture. A developed country, Canada has the sixteenth-highest nominal per capita income globally as well as the twelfth-highest ranking in the Human Development Index, its advanced economy is the tenth-largest in the world, relying chiefly upon its abundant natural resources and well-developed international trade networks. Canada is part of several major international and intergovernmental institutions or groupings including the United Nations, the North Atlantic Treaty Organization, the G7, the Group of Ten, the G20, the North American Free Trade Agreement and the Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation forum. While a variety of theories have been postulated for the etymological origins of Canada, the name is now accepted as coming from the St. Lawrence Iroquoian word kanata, meaning "village" or "settlement".
In 1535, indigenous inhabitants of the present-day Quebec City region used the word to direct French explorer Jacques Cartier to the village of Stadacona. Cartier used the word Canada to refer not only to that particular village but to the entire area subject to Donnacona. From the 16th to the early 18th century "Canada" referred to the part of New France that lay along the Saint Lawrence River. In 1791, the area became two British colonies called Upper Canada and Lower Canada collectively named the Canadas. Upon Confederation in 1867, Canada was adopted as the legal name for the new country at the London Conference, the word Dominion was conferred as the country's title. By the 1950s, the term Dominion of Canada was no longer used by the United Kingdom, which considered Canada a "Realm of the Commonwealth"; the government of Louis St. Laurent ended the practice of using'Dominion' in the Statutes of Canada in 1951. In 1982, the passage of the Canada Act, bringing the Constitution of Canada under Canadian control, referred only to Canada, that year the name of the national holiday was changed from Dominion Day to Canada Day.
The term Dominion was used to distinguish the federal government from the provinces, though after the Second World War the term federal had replaced dominion. Indigenous peoples in present-day Canada include the First Nations, Métis, the last being a mixed-blood people who originated in the mid-17th century when First Nations and Inuit people married European settlers; the term "Aboriginal" as a collective noun is a specific term of art used in some legal documents, including the Constitution Act 1982. The first inhabitants of North America are hypothesized to have migrated from Siberia by way of the Bering land bridge and arrived at least 14,000 years ago; the Paleo-Indian archeological sites at Old Crow Flats and Bluefish Caves are two of the oldest sites of human habitation in Canada. The characteristics of Canadian indigenous societies included permanent settlements, complex societal hierarchies, trading networks; some of these cultures had collapsed by the time European explorers arrived in the late 15th and early 16th centuries and have only been discovered through archeological investigations.
The indigenous population at the time of the first European settlements is estimated to have been between 200,000