Warren County, Ohio

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Warren County, Ohio
Warren County Courthouse, Lebanon.jpg
Warren County Administration Building in Lebanon, Ohio
Seal of Warren County, Ohio
Seal
Map of Ohio highlighting Warren County
Location in the U.S. state of Ohio
Map of the United States highlighting Ohio
Ohio's location in the U.S.
Founded May 1, 1803[1]
Named for Dr. Joseph Warren
Seat Lebanon
Largest city Mason
Area
 • Total 407 sq mi (1,054 km2)
 • Land 401 sq mi (1,039 km2)
 • Water 6.0 sq mi (16 km2), 1.5%
Population (est.)
 • (2017) 228,882
 • Density 571/sq mi (220/km2)
Congressional district 1st
Time zone Eastern: UTC−5/−4
Website www.co.warren.oh.us

Warren County is a county in the U.S. state of Ohio. As of the 2010 census, the population was 212,693.[2] Its county seat is Lebanon.[3] The county was created on May 1, 1803 from Hamilton County; it is named for Dr. Joseph Warren, a hero of the Revolution who sent Paul Revere on his ride and who died at the Battle of Bunker Hill.[4]

Warren County is part of the Cincinnati-Middletown, OH-KY-IN Metropolitan Statistical Area.

Geography[edit]

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 407 square miles (1,050 km2), of which 401 square miles (1,040 km2) is land and 6.0 square miles (16 km2) (1.5%) is water.[5] The county is a rough square with the sides roughly 20 miles (30 km) long.

Adjacent counties[edit]

Boundaries[edit]

Warren County was created by the first Ohio General Assembly in the Act of March 24, 1803, which also created Butler and Montgomery Counties. The act defined Warren County as "all that part of the county of Hamilton included within the following bounds, viz.: Beginning at the northeast corner of the county of Clermont, running thence west with the line of said county to the Little Miami; thence up the same with the meanders thereof to the north boundary of the first tier of sections in the second entire range of townships in the Miami Purchase; thence west to the northeast corner of Section No. 7 in the third township of the aforesaid range; thence north to the Great Miami; thence up the same to the middle of the fifth range of townships; thence east to the County line; thence with same south to the place of beginning." Originally this included land now in Clinton County as far east as Wilmington.

Clinton County proved a continuing headache to the legislature. The Ohio Constitution requires that every county have an area of at least four hundred square miles (1,036 km²). Clinton County's boundaries were several times adjusted in an effort to comply with that clause of the constitution. One of them, the Act of January 30, 1815, detached a strip of land from the eastern side to give to Clinton. That would have left Warren under four hundred square miles (1,036 km²), so a portion of Butler County (the part of Franklin Township where Carlisle is now located) was attached to Warren in compensation. The 1815 act was as follows:

  • Section 1—That all that part of the county of Butler lying and being within the first and second fractional townships in the fifth range, and adjoining the south line of Montgomery County, shall be and the same is hereby attached to and made part of the county of Warren.
  • Section 2—That eleven square miles 28 km² of the territory of the county of Warren and extending parallel to the said eastern boundary of Warren County, along the whole length of such eastern boundary from north to south, shall be and the same is hereby attached to and made a part of the county of Clinton."

Except for the sections formed by the Great and Little Miamis, the sides are all straight lines.

Lakes and rivers[edit]

The major rivers of the county are the Great Miami River, which flows through the northwest corner of the county in Franklin Township, and the Little Miami River which zig-zags across the county from north to south. There is one sizable lake, the Caesars Creek Reservoir, created by a U.S. Army Corps of Engineers dam on Caesars Creek in the northeast part of the county in Massie Township.

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
18109,925
182017,83779.7%
183021,46820.4%
184023,1417.8%
185025,56010.5%
186026,9025.3%
187026,689−0.8%
188028,3926.4%
189025,468−10.3%
190025,5840.5%
191024,497−4.2%
192025,7165.0%
193027,3486.3%
194029,8949.3%
195038,50528.8%
196065,71170.7%
197084,92529.2%
198099,27616.9%
1990113,90914.7%
2000158,38339.0%
2010212,69334.3%
Est. 2017228,882[6]7.6%
U.S. Decennial Census[7]
1790-1960[8] 1900-1990[9]
1990-2000[10] 2010-2017[2]

2000 census[edit]

As of the census[11] of 2000, there were 158,383 people, 55,966 households, and 43,261 families residing in the county. The population density was 396 people per square mile (153/km²). There were 58,692 housing units at an average density of 147 per square mile (57/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 94.66% White, 2.73% Black or African American, 0.18% Native American, 1.26% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 0.31% from other races, and 0.84% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.03% of the population.

There were 55,966 households out of which 39.70% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 66.20% were married couples living together, 8.00% had a female householder with no husband present, and 22.70% were non-families. 18.90% of all households were made up of individuals and 6.40% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.72 and the average family size was 3.12.

In the county, the population was spread out with 27.70% under the age of 18, 7.10% from 18 to 24, 34.00% from 25 to 44, 21.80% from 45 to 64, and 9.40% who are 65 years of age or older. The median age is 35 years. For every 100 females there were 102.60 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 102.40 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $57,952, and the median income for a family was $64,692. Males had a median income of $47,027 versus $30,862 for females. The per capita income for the county was $25,517. About 3.00% of families and 4.20% of the population were below the poverty line, including 4.40% of those under age 18 and 4.70% of those age 65 or over.

2010 census[edit]

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 212,693 people, 76,424 households, and 57,621 families residing in the county.[12] The population density was 530.0 inhabitants per square mile (204.6/km2). There were 80,750 housing units at an average density of 201.2 per square mile (77.7/km2).[13] The racial makeup of the county was 90.5% white, 3.9% Asian, 3.3% black or African American, 0.2% American Indian, 0.7% from other races, and 1.5% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 2.2% of the population.[12] In terms of ancestry, 28.7% were German, 14.1% were Irish, 12.0% were English, 11.6% were American, and 5.0% were Italian.[14]

Of the 76,424 households, 40.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 62.6% were married couples living together, 8.8% had a female householder with no husband present, 24.6% were non-families, and 20.4% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.70 and the average family size was 3.14. The median age was 37.8 years.[12]

The median income for a household in the county was $71,274 and the median income for a family was $82,090. Males had a median income of $61,091 versus $41,331 for females. The per capita income for the county was $31,935. About 4.7% of families and 6.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 7.6% of those under age 18 and 5.2% of those age 65 or over.[15]

Government and infrastructure[edit]

Warren County has a 3-member Board of County Commissioners that administer and oversee the various County departments, similar to all but 2 of the 88 Ohio counties. The original county commissioners in 1804 were Robert Benham, Matthias Corwin and William James. The elected commissioners now serve four-year terms. Warren County's current elected commissioners are:

  • County Commissioners: Tom Grossmann (R), Shannon Jones (R), and David Young (R).[16]

Hospitals[edit]

Post offices[edit]

The following post offices, with ZIP codes, serve Warren County:

Telephone service[edit]

These are the telephone companies serving Warren County: CenturyLink (CL); FairPoint Communications (FP); Cincinnati Bell (Cin); AT&T (AT&T); TDS Telecom (TDS); and Frontier Communications (F). Warren County is in the 513 and 937 area codes.

The following exchange areas serve Warren County, listed with the area code and incumbent local exchange carrier (ILEC) abbreviation from above serving that exchange (list may not be up-to-date):

  • Bellbrook (937-AT&T): 310, 661, 848
  • Blanchester (937-F): 783
  • Butlerville (513-TDS): 877
  • Centerville (937-AT&T): 350, 619, 885, 886
  • Clarksville (937-F): 289, 501, 574, 577
  • Franklin (937-AT&T): 514, 550, 557, 704, 743, 746, 748, 790, 806, 928
  • Germantown (937-FP): 855
  • Lebanon (513-CL): 228, 282, 331, 695, 696, 836, 850, 932, 933, 934
  • Little Miami (513-Cin): 239, 248, 274, 334, 340, 444, 453, 575, 576, 583, 600, 677, 683, 697, 707, 716, 722, 774, 831, 833, 965
  • Mason (513-CL): 336, 339, 398, 459, 492, 573, 622, 754, 229, 234, 701, 770
  • Miamisburg-West Carrollton (937-AT&T): 247, 353, 384, 388, 530, 560, 847, 859, 865, 866, 914
  • Middletown (513-AT&T): 217, 222, 224, 261, 267, 292, 306, 318, 320, 355, 392, 420, 422, 423, 424, 425, 433, 435, 464, 465, 571, 594, 649, 705, 727, 783, 804, 849, 890, 915
  • Monroe (513-AT&T): 360, 539
  • Morrow (513-CL): 899
  • New Burlington (937-F): 488
  • South Lebanon (513-CL): 268, 480, 494
  • Spring Valley (937-AT&T): 317, 659, 862
  • Springboro (937-AT&T): 743, 746, 748, 885, 886 - (513-CL): 902, 915, 956
  • Waynesville (513-CL): 897

Politics[edit]

Warren County is primarily Republican and has been since the party was established in the 1850s. Since the first presidential election after its founding, 1856, Warren County has supported the Republican candidate for president all but once, the exception being 1964 when Warren County voted for Democrat Lyndon B. Johnson over Barry M. Goldwater. In 2008, Warren County cast the largest net vote for John McCain of any Ohio county. Before the Republican party was formed, Warren County supported the Whigs. Since 1869, Warren County has almost always supported the Republican candidate for Governor of Ohio, the exceptions being in 1924 when it supported Vic Donahey, 1932 (George White), 1952 (Frank Lausche), and 1958 (Michael V. DiSalle). However, other than DiSalle, each of these four Democrats, who were all victorious statewide, was a conservative Democrat.

In local races, Warren County occasionally elected Democrats. In 1976, two of the three county commission seats were won by Democrats. Until the mid-1990s, Democrats regularly ran for county offices. While Republicans usually won, the Democrats were at least able to make races competitive. However, with the massive expansion in population in the 1990s, the county became extremely Republican, so much so no Democrats even file for most offices. In the 1996, 2000, and 2004 elections, in which eight county offices were on the ballot, there were no Democratic candidates for any of them. In November 1999, the last Democrat to hold office in Warren County, a member of the Educational Service Center (county school board), lost her seat to a Republican.

Presidential elections results
Presidential elections results[17]
Year Republican Democratic Third parties
2016 65.6% 77,643 28.5% 33,730 5.9% 6,936
2012 68.9% 76,564 29.6% 32,909 1.6% 1,724
2008 67.4% 71,691 31.4% 33,398 1.3% 1,337
2004 72.1% 68,037 27.6% 26,044 0.4% 341
2000 70.0% 48,318 27.7% 19,142 2.3% 1,618
1996 59.9% 33,210 30.8% 17,089 9.2% 5,110
1992 53.0% 27,998 25.7% 13,542 21.3% 11,262
1988 73.4% 31,419 26.0% 11,145 0.6% 254
1984 76.4% 29,848 23.1% 9,031 0.5% 191
1980 63.1% 22,430 31.8% 11,306 5.0% 1,786
1976 53.8% 16,115 44.6% 13,349 1.6% 471
1972 72.5% 20,210 24.9% 6,941 2.7% 746
1968 48.7% 12,663 26.0% 6,756 25.4% 6,595
1964 47.0% 10,982 53.0% 12,406
1960 64.6% 14,505 35.4% 7,945
1956 65.5% 13,673 34.5% 7,193
1952 62.0% 11,529 38.0% 7,054
1948 56.6% 7,584 43.2% 5,793 0.2% 32
1944 59.9% 8,598 40.1% 5,765
1940 55.9% 8,722 44.2% 6,895
1936 50.0% 7,359 49.0% 7,209 1.0% 139
1932 56.4% 7,421 42.1% 5,547 1.5% 197
1928 77.6% 8,708 21.9% 2,455 0.5% 56
1924 69.0% 6,729 24.7% 2,406 6.3% 614
1920 65.0% 7,464 34.4% 3,956 0.6% 71
1916 54.4% 3,610 44.2% 2,937 1.4% 95
1912 44.5% 2,788 33.5% 2,101 22.0% 1,378
1908 60.5% 4,233 38.0% 2,656 1.5% 107
1904 67.1% 4,381 30.8% 2,012 2.1% 135
1900 60.6% 4,311 37.6% 2,675 1.8% 129
1896 60.5% 4,379 38.6% 2,794 0.8% 61
1892 59.0% 3,807 37.2% 2,400 3.8% 246
1888 59.8% 4,173 37.2% 2,598 3.0% 210
1884 62.7% 4,318 36.1% 2,481 1.2% 84
1880 63.9% 4,565 35.9% 2,564 0.3% 19
1876 61.8% 4,146 38.1% 2,559 0.1% 5
1872 63.4% 3,763 36.5% 2,168 0.1% 6

Education[edit]

Public school districts[edit]

Private schools[edit]

Virtual schools[edit]

Vocational schools[edit]

Colleges and universities[edit]

Warren County has no native colleges or universities, but was the original site selected for Miami University which instead located in Oxford, Ohio in 1809. National Normal University, a teachers college, was in Lebanon from 1855 until 1917 when it closed. Several colleges offer classes in Warren County at various locations, including Sinclair Community College of Dayton, the University of Cincinnati, and Wilmington College. Sinclair opened a branch in the Mason area in 2007. The University of Cincinnati owns 398 acres (1.61 km2) of land[18] at the intersections of I-71 and Wilmington road, but no plans for development on the site have been announced.

Libraries[edit]

The county has six public libraries:[19]

  • Franklin Public Library - Franklin
  • Lebanon Public Library - Lebanon
  • Mary L. Cook Public Library – Waynesville
  • Mason Public Library - Mason
  • Salem Township Public Library - Morrow
  • Springboro Public Library - Springboro

Transportation[edit]

Highways[edit]

Airports[edit]

Warren County has one public airport, designated as Lebanon-Warren County Airport (I68). The runway is a 4502' x 65' paved and lighted North-South runway (01/19), and parallel taxiway. Navigation and communications equipment includes PAPI, AWOS, Pilot Controlled Lighting, and UNICOM. The airport runway, taxiway, and navigation equipment is owned by the County. The county leases a public terminal, but other facilities are privately owned and operated under contract by a Fixed-base operator. The airport serves general and business aviation, but has no commercial airlines.

There are also two privately owned operating airports in the county; Waynesville airport, also known as Red Stewart Field (40I), and Caesar Creek Gliderport (2OH9), both with grass runways. Operations have ceased at two former private paved runway airports, Brownie's Lebanon Airport (19I), and Lebanon San Mar Gale (OH79).

Rail and Bus[edit]

Warren County does not have passenger train service except for a scenic train that runs between Lebanon and Mason. Freight trains still serve Carlisle, and on a limited basis, Monroe, Mason, and Lebanon. Historically, there have been several trains that ran through the county whose stops became cities and villages. These trains include the Cincinnati, Lebanon and Northern Railway, the Middletown and Cincinnati Railroad, and the Little Miami Railroad whose path is now replaced by the Little Miami Bike Trail. There have been proposals to run commuter trains from Cincinnati to the Kings Island area, but none have ever found sufficient support or funding.[20]

There is no public bus transportation based in Warren County, but there is limited service from Cincinnati to Mason and Kings Island. Middletown also runs bus service to eastern portions of Middletown that are in Warren County.

Waterways[edit]

There are no commercially navigable waterways in Warren County, but the Warren County Canal did operate in the 19th century as a branch of the Miami and Erie Canal, bringing freight to Lebanon by canal boat. Recreationally, the Little Miami River can be traveled by canoe or kayak for its length through the county, and motorized boating can be done at Caesar's Creek Lake.

Media[edit]

The Middletown Journal circulates in Franklin, Springboro, Lebanon, and Turtlecreek Township. The Dayton Daily News, which is printed in Franklin, circulates in the northern part of the county. The Cincinnati Enquirer circulates through most of the county while the Cincinnati Post abandoned all distribution in the county in 2004.

Among its weekly papers are The Western Star, the oldest weekly in the state and the oldest newspaper west of the Appalachians published under its original name. It was closed down in 2012. It, was like the Pulse-Journal in Mason and the Star-Press in Springboro, are owned by the parent of the Middletown Journal and the Dayton Daily News, Cox Communications. Other weeklies include the Franklin Chronicle.

For a time in the mid-1990s, Lebanon was the home of a commercial radio station, WMMA-FM, 97.3, but its owners sold out and the new owners moved the station to Hamilton County. In 2010, the only radio station in the county at the time, WLMH-FM, a student-run station at Little Miami High School in Hamilton Township went off the air. In 2012, the FCC removed it from their database and cancelled their license as a result of it being silent for over a year.

Warren County is assigned to the Cincinnati television market, but Dayton television stations treat it as part of their market as well.

Recreation and attractions[edit]

Communities[edit]

Map of Warren County, Ohio with municipal and township labels

Cities[edit]

Villages[edit]

Townships[edit]

https://web.archive.org/web/20160715023447/http://www.ohiotownships.org/township-websites

Census-designated places[edit]

Unincorporated communities[edit]

Notable natives and residents[edit]

See also[edit]

Historical articles about Warren County[edit]

State facilities in Warren County[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Ohio County Profiles: Warren County" (PDF). Ohio Department of Development. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2007-05-08. Retrieved 2007-04-28.
  2. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved February 11, 2015.
  3. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on 2011-05-31. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
  4. ^ "Warren County data". Ohio State University Extension Data Center. Retrieved 2007-04-28.[dead link]
  5. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Archived from the original on May 4, 2014. Retrieved February 11, 2015.
  6. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017.
  7. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on May 12, 2015. Retrieved February 11, 2015.
  8. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved February 11, 2015.
  9. ^ Forstall, Richard L., ed. (March 27, 1995). "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved February 11, 2015.
  10. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. April 2, 2001. Retrieved February 11, 2015.
  11. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2013-09-11. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  12. ^ a b c "DP-1 Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2015-12-27.
  13. ^ "Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 - County". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2015-12-27.
  14. ^ "DP02 SELECTED SOCIAL CHARACTERISTICS IN THE UNITED STATES – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2015-12-27.
  15. ^ "DP03 SELECTED ECONOMIC CHARACTERISTICS – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2015-12-27.
  16. ^ "Ohio Counties". County Commissioners Association of Ohio. Retrieved December 29, 2016.
  17. ^ Leip, David. "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". uselectionatlas.org. Retrieved 6 April 2018.
  18. ^ http://www.co.warren.oh.us/auditor/property_search/summary.asp?account_nbr=7202334 Warren county property record
  19. ^ "Warren County Ohio". Retrieved April 21, 2017.
  20. ^ "Cincinnati's Rail + Bus Plan". www.lightrailnow.org. Retrieved 6 April 2018.

Further reading[edit]

  • Elva R. Adams. Warren County Revisited. Lebanon, Ohio: Warren County Historical Society, 1989.
  • Robert Brenner. Maineville, Ohio, History: 100 Years as an Incorporated Town, 1850–1950. Cincinnati: John S. Swift, 1950.
  • The Centennial Atlas of Warren County, Ohio. Lebanon, Ohio: The Centennial Atlas Association, 1903.
  • Mabel Eldridge and Dudley Bryant. Franklin in the Great Miami Valley. Edited by Harriet E. Foley. Franklin, Ohio: Franklin Area Historical Society, 1982.
  • Harriet E. Foley, editor. Carlisle: The Jersey Settlement in Ohio, 1800–1990. 2nd ed. Carlisle, Ohio: The Editor, 1990.
  • Josiah Morrow. The History of Warren County, Ohio. Chicago: W.H. Beers, 1883. (Reprinted several times)
  • Ohio Atlas & Gazetteer. 6th ed. Yarmouth, Maine: DeLorme, 2001. ISBN 0-89933-281-1
  • Thomas D. Schiffer. Peters & King: The Birth & Evolution of the Peters Cartridge Co. & the King Powder Co. Iola, Wisconsin: Krause Publications, 2002. ISBN 0-87349-363-X
  • William E. Smith. History of Southwestern Ohio: The Miami Valleys. New York: Lewis Historical Publishing, 1964. 3 vols.
  • Rose Marie Springman. Around Mason, Ohio: A Story. Mason, Ohio: The Author, 1982.
  • Warren County Engineer's Office. Official Highway Map 2003. Lebanon, Ohio: The Office, 2003.

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 39°26′N 84°10′W / 39.43°N 84.17°W / 39.43; -84.17