Warrington (UK Parliament constituency)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Warrington
Former Borough constituency
for the House of Commons
18321983
Number of members One
Replaced by Warrington North and Warrington South
Created from Lancashire

Warrington was a parliamentary constituency in the United Kingdom. From 1832 to 1983 it returned one Member of Parliament (MP) to the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom.

History[edit]

The Warrington constituency covered the central part of the town of Warrington in Lancashire and surrounding area.

In 1983 it was abolished and replaced by Warrington North and Warrington South constituencies.

Boundaries[edit]

The Parliamentary Borough of Warrington was defined by the Parliamentary Boundaries Act 1832 as comprising:

The respective Townships of Warrington and Latchford; and also those two detached portions of the township of Thelwall which lie between the boundary of the township of Latchford and the River Mersey[1][2]

It was this area that was incorporated as a Municipal Borough in 1847.[3] The boundaries were unchanged until 1918 when the constituency was redefined as being identical with the area of the County Borough of Warrington.[4] The constituency boundaries were widened to reflect those of the County Borough in 1950, at the same time it was renamed as Warrington Borough Constituency.[5][6]

Members of Parliament[edit]

Year Member Party
1832 William Hornby Liberal
1835 John Ireland Blackburne Conservative
1847 Gilbert Greenall Conservative
1868 Peter Rylands Liberal
1874 Gilbert Greenall Conservative
1880 John Gordon McMinnies Liberal
1885 Sir Gilbert Greenall Conservative
1892 Robert Pierpont Conservative
1906 Arthur Crosfield Liberal
1910 Harold Smith Conservative
1922 Alec Cunningham-Reid Conservative
1923 Charles Dukes Labour
1924 Alec Cunningham-Reid Conservative
1929 Charles Dukes Labour
1931 Noel Goldie Conservative
1945 Edward Porter Labour
1950 Hyacinth Morgan Labour
1955 Edith Summerskill Labour
1961 Thomas Williams Labour
1981 Doug Hoyle Labour
1983 Constituency abolished

Election results[edit]

Elections in the 1850s[edit]

General Election 1852: Warrington [7]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Gilbert Greenall Unopposed
Registered electors 701
Conservative hold
General Election 1857: Warrington [7]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Gilbert Greenall Unopposed
Registered electors 720
Conservative hold
General Election 1859: Warrington [7]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Gilbert Greenall Unopposed
Registered electors 723
Conservative hold

Elections in the 1860s[edit]

General Election 1865: Warrington [7]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Gilbert Greenall Unopposed
Registered electors 768
Conservative hold
General Election 1868: Warrington [7]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Peter Rylands 1,984 50.3 N/A
Conservative Gilbert Greenall 1,957 49.7 N/A
Majority 27 0.7 N/A
Turnout 3,941 88.2 N/A
Registered electors 4,470
Liberal gain from Conservative Swing N/A

Elections in the 1870s[edit]

General Election 1874: Warrington [7]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Gilbert Greenall 2,381 52.0 +2.3
Liberal Peter Rylands 2,201 48.0 −2.3
Majority 180 3.9 N/A
Turnout 4,582 91.2 +3.0
Registered electors 5,022
Conservative gain from Liberal Swing +2.3

Elections in the 1880s[edit]

General Election 1880: Warrington [7]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal John Gordon McMinnies 3,002 54.8 +6.8
Conservative Gilbert Greenall 2,473 45.2 −6.8
Majority 529 9.7 N/A
Turnout 5,475 92.5 +1.3
Registered electors 5,919
Liberal gain from Conservative Swing +6.8
General Election 1885: Warrington [8][9] [10]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Gilbert Greenall 4,010 55.4 +10.2
Liberal William Crosfield 3,234 44.6 −10.2
Majority 776 10.8 N/A
Turnout 7,244 93.7 +1.2
Registered electors 7,730
Conservative hold Swing +10.2
General Election 1886: Warrington [8] [10]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Gilbert Greenall 3,717 53.6 −1.8
Liberal John Crosfield 3,216 46.4 +1.8
Majority 501 7.2 −3.6
Turnout 6,933 89.7 −4.0
Registered electors 7,730
Conservative hold Swing −1.8

Elections in the 1890s[edit]

Pierpoint
General Election 1892: Warrington [8][10]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Robert Pierpont 3,843 54.1 +0.5
Liberal Arthur Houston 3,258 45.9 −0.5
Majority 585 8.2 +1.0
Turnout 7,101 89.8 +0.1
Registered electors 7,906
Conservative hold Swing +0.5
General Election 1895: Warrington [8][11][10]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Robert Pierpont 4,001 54.6 +0.5
Liberal Percival Brown Scott 3,326 45.4 −0.5
Majority 675 9.2 +1.0
Turnout 7,327 86.7 −3.1
Registered electors 8,449
Conservative hold Swing +0.5

Elections in the 1900s[edit]

General Election 1900: Warrington [8][12][10]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Robert Pierpont 4,468 57.5 +2.9
Liberal Arthur Crosfield 3,303 42.5 −2.9
Majority 1,165 15.0 +5.8
Turnout 7,771 83.0 −3.7
Registered electors 9,360
Conservative hold Swing +2.9
Crosfield
General Election 1906: Warrington [8][10]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Arthur Crosfield 5,599 57.7 +15.2
Conservative Robert Pierpont 4,099 42.3 −15.2
Majority 1,500 15.4 N/A
Turnout 9,698 93.6 +10.6
Registered electors 10,365
Liberal gain from Conservative Swing +15.2

Elections in the 1910s[edit]

General Election January 1910: Warrington [13][10]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Arthur Crosfield 5,256 50.7 −7.0
Conservative Robert Pierpont 5,103 49.3 +7.0
Majority 153 1.4 −14.0
Turnout 10,359 95.8 +2.2
Registered electors 10,814
Liberal hold Swing −7.0
General Election December 1910: Warrington [14][10]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Harold Smith 5,162 51.2 +1.9
Liberal Arthur Crosfield 4,916 48.8 −1.9
Majority 246 2.4 N/A
Turnout 10,078 93.2 −2.6
Registered electors 10,814
Conservative gain from Liberal Swing +1.9

General Election 1914/15:

Another General Election was required to take place before the end of 1915. The political parties had been making preparations for an election to take place and by the July 1914, the following candidates had been selected;

General Election 1918: Warrington[15]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
C Unionist Harold Smith 10,403 43.7 −7.5
Liberal Peter Peacock 8,011 33.7 −15.1
Labour Isaac Brassington 5,377 22.6 N/A
Majority 2,392 10.0 +7.6
Turnout 23,791 70.2 −23.0
Unionist hold Swing +3.8
C indicates candidate endorsed by the coalition government.

Elections in the 1920s[edit]

General Election 1922: Warrington[16]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Unionist Alec Cunningham-Reid 15,394 53.1 +9.4
Labour James Gregory 13,570 46.9 +24.3
Majority 1,824 6.2 -3.8
Turnout 84.7 +14.5
Unionist hold Swing -7.4
General Election 1923: Warrington[17]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Charles Dukes 12,984 43.6 -3.3
Unionist Alec Cunningham-Reid 12,314 41.3 -11.8
Liberal John Francis Crowley 4511 15.1 n/a
Majority 670 2.3 8.9
Turnout 86.1 +1.4
Labour gain from Unionist Swing +4.4
General Election 1924: Warrington[18]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Unionist Alec Cunningham-Reid 16,788 52.4 +11.1
Labour Charles Dukes 15,251 47.6 +4.0
Majority 1,537 4.8 7.1
Turnout 91.0 +4.9
Unionist gain from Labour Swing +3.5
Garland
General Election 1929: Warrington[19]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Charles Dukes 21,610 50.6 +3.0
Unionist Noel Goldie 18,025 42.2 -10.2
Liberal Alison Garland 3,070 7.2 n/a
Majority 3,585 8.4 13.2
Turnout 89.3 -1.7
Labour gain from Unionist Swing +6.6

Elections in the 1930s[edit]

Warrington, 1931
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Noel Goldie 24,400 56.15
Labour Charles Dukes 19,055 43.85
Majority 5,345 12.30
Turnout 72.43
Conservative gain from Labour Swing
Warrington, 1935
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Noel Goldie 21,324 50.7
Labour Edward Porter 20,720 49.3
Majority 604 1.4
Turnout 84.8
Conservative hold Swing

Elections in the 1940s[edit]

Warrington 1945
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Edward Porter 22,265 62.9
Conservative Noel Goldie 13,110 37.1
Majority 9,155 25.9
Turnout 73.8

Elections in the 1950s[edit]

Warrington, 1950
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Hyacinth Morgan 26,482 56.8
Conservative Francis Leslie Neep 17,730 38.0
Liberal James Campbell Park 1,899 4.1
Communist James Joseph Grady 496 1.1
Majority 8,752 18.8
Turnout 86.0
Warrington, 1951
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Hyacinth Morgan 26,225 57.8
Conservative F Joan Crowther 17,623 38.8
Liberal James Campbell Park 1,537 3.4
Majority 8,602 18.9
Turnout 82.8
Warrington, 1955
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Edith Summerskill 22,721 57.1
Conservative Herbert Davies 17,075 42.9
Majority 5,646 14.2
Turnout 73.9
Warrington, 1959
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Edith Summerskill 22,890 56.3
Conservative Frank O Stansfield 17,791 43.7
Majority 5,099 12.5
Turnout 73.9

Elections in the 1960s[edit]

Warrington by-election, 1961
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Co-op Thomas Williams 16,149 55.84 -0.46
Conservative Beata Brookes 9,149 32.08 -11.62
Liberal Frank Tetlow 3,623 12.53 +12.53
Majority 7,000 23.76 +11.26
Turnout 28,921 56.7 -20.2
Labour Co-op hold Swing
General Election 1964: Warrington
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Co-op Thomas Williams 20,551 57.1
Conservative William A Lowe 11,297 31.4
Liberal Michael Ford Pitts 4,119 11.5
Majority 9,254 25.7
Turnout 71.4
Labour Co-op hold Swing
General Election 1966: Warrington
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Co-op Thomas Williams 21,930 64.7
Conservative W Peter Adshead 8,918 26.3
Liberal Edward J Woods 3,070 9.1
Majority 13,012 38.4
Turnout 68.9
Labour Co-op hold Swing

Elections in the 1970s[edit]

General Election 1970: Warrington
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Co-op Thomas Williams 20,970 64.3 -0.4
Conservative Alfred B Gooch 11,647 35.7 +9.4
Majority 9,323 28.6 -9.8
Turnout 32,617 65.2 -3.7
Labour Co-op hold Swing -4.9
General Election February 1974: Warrington
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Co-op Thomas Williams 19,550 57.2 -7.1
Conservative JW Hayton 8,444 24.7 -11.0
Liberal FJ Deakin 6,187 18.1 +18.1
Majority 11,106 32.5 +3.9
Turnout 34,181 73.9 -8.7
Labour Co-op hold Swing +3.9
General Election October 1974: Warrington
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Co-op Thomas Williams 19,882 62.8 +5.6
Conservative JW Heaton 7,621 24.1 -0.6
Liberal FJ Deakin 4,158 13.1 -5.0
Majority 12,261 38.7 +6.2
Turnout 31,661 68.0 -5.9
Labour Co-op hold Swing +3.1
General Election 1979: Warrington
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Co-op Thomas Williams 19,306 61.6 -1.2
Conservative G Povey 9,032 28.8 +4.7
Liberal Iain Brodie Browne 2,883 9.1 -4.0
Social Democrat (1979) C Campbell 144 0.5
Majority 10,274 32.8 -5.9
Turnout 31,365 71.3 +3.3
Labour Co-op hold Swing

Elections in the 1980s[edit]

Warrington by-election, 1981
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Doug Hoyle 14,280 48.4 – 13.3
Social Democratic Roy Jenkins 12,521 42.4 N/A
Conservative Stanley Sorrell 2,102 7.1 – 21.7
Ecology Neil Chantrell 219 0.8 N/A
United Democratic Labour Party Daniel Hussey 149 0.5 N/A
Citizen's Band Radio Party Iain Leslie 111 0.4 N/A
Independent Labour John Fleming 53 0.2 N/A
Social Democrat (1979) Donald Kean 38 0.1 – 0.4
Democratic Monarchist Bill Boaks 14 0.1 N/A
English Democratic Party Harry Wise 11 0.0 N/A
More Prosperous Britain Tom Keen 10 0.0 N/A
Majority 1,759 6.0 – 26.8
Turnout 29,508 67.0 – 4.3
Labour hold Swing

References[edit]

  1. ^ Parliamentary Boundaries Act 1832 (1832 c.64) Schedule O
  2. ^ The Maxima Charta of 1832, for England, Scotland and Ireland comprising the various statutes passed in the reign of William IV for amending the representation of the people in the commons House of Parliament, also the statutes which describe the boundaries. London: H Fisher, R Fisher & P Jackson. 1832. p. 101. 
  3. ^ "No. 20621". The London Gazette. 10 July 1846. p. 2532. 
  4. ^ Representation of the People Act 1918 (c. 64), Ninth Schedule: Redistribution of Seats
  5. ^ Representation of the People Act 1948 (c.65) First Schedule
  6. ^ Youngs, Frederic A, Jr. (1991). Guide to the Local Administrative Units of England, Vol.2: Northern England. London: Royal Historical Society. p. 818. ISBN 0861931270. 
  7. ^ a b c d e f g Craig, F. W. S., ed. (1977). British Parliamentary Election Results 1832-1885 (e-book) (1st ed.). London: Macmillan Press. p. 319. ISBN 978-1-349-02349-3. 
  8. ^ a b c d e f The Liberal Year Book, 1907
  9. ^ Debrett's House of Commons & Judicial Bench, 1886
  10. ^ a b c d e f g h Craig, FWS, ed. (1974). British Parliamentary Election Results: 1885-1918. London: Macmillan Press. ISBN 9781349022984. 
  11. ^ Debrett's House of Commons & Judicial Bench, 1901
  12. ^ Debrett's House of Commons & Judicial Bench, 1901
  13. ^ Debrett's House of Commons & Judicial Bench, 1916
  14. ^ Debrett's House of Commons & Judicial Bench, 1916
  15. ^ British Parliamentary Election Results 1918-1949, FWS Craig
  16. ^ British Parliamentary Election Results 1918-1949, FWS Craig
  17. ^ British Parliamentary Election Results 1918-1949, FWS Craig
  18. ^ British Parliamentary Election Results 1918-1949, FWS Craig
  19. ^ British Parliamentary Election Results 1918-1949, FWS Craig