Warsaw Water Filters

Warsaw Water Filters known as Lindley's Filters is one of three Warsaw waterworks, is located in Ochota between Koszykowa, Krzywickiego and Raszyńska streets. The waterworks was finished in 1886 using William Lindley's design. Since 1973, Warsaw Filters has been on the antiquities list. Warsaw Filters was founded by the Mayor of Russian general Sokrates Starynkiewicz. After his approval in 1881, construction started; the design by William Lindley consisted of the River Pump Station and a Filter Station on the left bank of the Vistula. During the construction, all available technologies were used, with minor details made of high-quality resources. Basic materials used while building Filters were waterproof bricks and sandstone; the first processed water was distributed to Warsaw citizens on July 3, 1886, from filters consisting of a group of slow sand filters, clean water tank, pump depot and a water tower. The design was by William Lindley, but was supervised and modernised by his son, William Heerlein Lindley.

In the beginning, the system was divided into: Upper Town – supplied by water from a water tower situated in the Filters' area Lower Town – supplied by water straight from slow sand filters The Warsaw waterworks system consisted of Filters Station and River Pump Station of Central Waterworks Institute, from which water was extracted and transported to Filters Station. Water was carried from a pumping station to slow filters, some chambers were processing the sewerage. Filtered water was transported to clean water tanks and to pumping depots, where it was pushed up into a water tower, from which the Upper Town waterworks started. A few years after deploying the filters it was necessary to add Imhoff tanks before the slow filters, as research showed contamination in the water. To implement this, Warsaw Filters was enlarged. Growing demand for water in the early 1930s in Warsaw prompted the building of a Rapid Sand Filter Station, which treat the water from four intakes. After implementing the station, water from a pumping station was pressed into expansion vessels to rapid filters and slow filters.

In 1931 the chlorination of water was implemented. The main buildings were massively damaged during the Second World War and much of the filtering equipment was stolen by German soldiers. Reconstruction after the war took several years of work. From 2008 to 2010 indirect ozoning and carbon active filters station were built; this consists of 18 carbon filter chambers. Modern buildings have been designed to look similar to the historic buildings; the new station is named "Socrates", after the founder of Warsaw Filters. Warsaw Filters' protection has been upgraded three times in 1973, 2008 and in 2012, when the whole Filters complex became one of Poland's official national Historic Monuments, as designated on January 18, 2012, its listing is maintained by the National Heritage Board of Poland. History from the official water board site in Warsaw:

Margaret Young

Margaret Youngblood better known by her stage name Margaret Young, was an American singer and comedian, popular in the 1920s. Young is best known for her songs "Hard Hearted Hannah", "Lovin' Sam The Sheik Of Alabam'", "Way Down Yonder In New Orleans", "Oh By Jingo!". She was born in Detroit, Michigan on February 23, 1891, she had four sisters. Young began her professional career in Michigan, she sang at theaters, dinner clubs, on Vaudeville. Young first recorded commercially for the Victor Talking Machine Company in 1920, she recorded a series of records for Brunswick from 1922 through 1925. She continued as a popular entertainer until the end of the decade. Young came out of retirement to record for Capitol Records in 1949, her sister was married to composer Richard A. Whiting, some of whose songs she introduced, her niece Margaret Whiting would become a popular singer throughout the 1940s and 1950s. Young died in Inglewood, aged 78 after a brief illness, she was buried next to her late sister, Eleanore and is interred at the Holy Cross Cemetery in Los Angeles.

Biography on "The Jazz Age 1920s" site includes images of sheetmusic covers and MP3s of 2 of her 1920s recordings

Group 9 Rugby League

Group 9 is a rugby league competition based in Wagga Wagga, New South Wales and surrounding areas. The competition is played in five grades, with these being Under 17s, Under 19s, Women's League-Tag, Reserve-Grade and First-Grade. A home and away season consisting of sixteen rounds is played; the best four teams play-off according to the Page-McIntyre system, culminating in the Group 9 Grand final, traditionally held at McDonald's Park in Wagga Wagga. Group 9 Rugby League was formed at a meeting at the Grand Hotel, following a four-hour meeting on 26 April 1923, which finished at 12:20 am the following morning; the foundation clubs were Harden, Binalong, Wambanumba, Bendick Murrell, Junee, Wagga Wagga, Tumut, West Wyalong, Griffith, Leeton, Ariah Park and Mildil. Competition in the early years of Group 9 consisted of various challenge type matches, it was not until 1933 that regular inter-club competition commenced. 1967: Riverina Zone 3. Wagga Magpies 1967: Group 9/20 Comp 1. Griffith Waratahs Tigers 1967: Group 9/8 Comp 2.

Queanbeyan Blues 1968: Riverina Zone 3. Wagga Kangaroos 1968: Group 9/20 Comp 1. West Wyalong 1968: Group 9/8 Comp 2. Young 1969: Riverina Zone 3. Wagga Kangaroos 1969: Group 9/20 Comp 1. Griffith Waratahs Tigers 1969: Group 9/8 Comp 2. Queanbeyan Kangaroos 1970: Riverina Zone 3. Tumut 1970: Group 9/20 Comp 1. West Wyalong 1970: Group 9/8 Comp 2. Queanbeyan Kangaroos 1960: Harden-Murrumburrah 1961: Harden-Murrumburrah 1962: Junee 1963: Junee 1964: Cootamundra 1965: Junee 1966: Murrumbidgee RL. Wagga Kangaroos 1967: Riverina Zone 3. Tumut 1967: Group 9/20 Comp 1. West Wyalong 1967: Group 9/20 Comp 2. Queanbeyan 1968: Riverina Zone 3. Tumut 1968: Group 9/20 Comp 1. Leeton 1968: Group 9/20 Comp 2. Queanbeyan United 1969: Riverina Zone 3. Tumut 1969: Group 9/20 Comp 1. Griffith Black & Whites 1969: Group 9/20 Comp 2. Queanbeyan Kangaroos 1970: Riverina Zone 3. Wagga Kangaroos 1970: Group 9/20 Comp 1. Griffith Black & Whites 1970: Group 9/20 Comp 2. Queanbeyan United 1971: Tumut 1972: Cootamundra 1973: Young 1974: Young 1975: Wagga Kangaroos 1976: Young 1977: Wagga Kangaroos 1978: Young 1979: Young 1980: Wagga Kangaroos 1981: Temora 1982: Temora 1983: Young 1984: Temora 1985: Junee 1986: Junee 1987: Junee 1998: Wagga Kangaroos 1989: Junee 1990: Wagga Kangaroos 1991: Tumut 1992: Wagga Kangaroos/ Wagga Brothers 1993: Turvey Park 1994: Tumut 1995: Harden-Murrumburrah 1996: Turvey Park 1997: Harden-Murrumburrah 1998: Turvey Park 1999: Adelong-Batlow 2000: Gundagai 2001: Tumut 2002: Gundagai 2003: Gundagai 2004: Young 2005: Tumut 2006: Junee 2007: Cootamundra 2008: Junee 2009: Wagga Brothers 2010: Lavington 2011: Albury 2012: Albury 2013: Wagga Brothers 2014: Gundagai 2015: Gundagai 2016: Gundagai 2017: South City 2008: Wagga Kangaroos 2009: Temora 2010: Temora 2011: Wagga Brothers 2012: Wagga Brothers 2013: Wagga Brothers 2014: Wagga Brothers 2015: Gundagai 2016: Wagga Brothers 2017: Wagga Brothers 1971: Wagga Magpies 1972: Temora 1973: Young 1974: Turvey Park 1975: Young 1976: Turvey Park 1977: Young 1978: Wagga Kangaroos 1979: Junee 1980: Turvey Park 1981: Wagga Magpies 1982: Tumut 1983: Young 1984: Junee 1985: Junee 1986: Junee 1987: Young 1988: Temora 1989: Young 1990: Wagga Kangaroos 1991: Young 1992: Young 1993: Turvey Park 1994: Harden-Murrumburrah 1995: Junee 1996: Wagga Brothers 1997: Wagga Brothers 1998: Wagga Magpies 1999: Gundagai 2000: Young 2001: Wagga Kangaroos 2002: Young 2003: Tumut 2004: Tumut 2005: Young 2006: Temora 2007: Junee 2008: Temora 2009: Cootamundra 2010: Wagga Kangaroos 2011: Wagga Brothers 2012: Temora 2013: Temora 2014: Wagga Brothers 2015: Temora 2016: South City 2017: Wagga Kangaroos 1971: Tumut 1972: Turvey Park 1973: Young 1974: Turvey Park 1975: Young 1976: Wagga Kangaroos 1977: Tumut 1978: Tumut 1979: Turvey Park 1980: Young 1981: Turvey Park 1982: Wagga Kangaroos 1983: Young 1984: Young 1985: Junee 1986: Young 1987: Young 1988: Young 1989: Young 1990: Young 1991: Wagga Kangaroos 1992: Young 1993: Temora 1994: Wagga Kangaroos 1995: Wagga Brothers 1997: Wagga Kangaroos 1998: Tumut 1999: Wagga Kangaroos 2000: Temora 2001: Wagga Magpies 2002: Wagga Magpies 2003: Wagga Brothers 2004: Temora 2005: Junee 2006: Young 2007: Wagga Brothers 2008: Cootamundra 2009: Junee 2010: Gundagai 2011: Temora 2012: Wagga Kangaroos 2013: Cootamundra 2014: Temora 2015: South City 2016: Wagga Kangaroos 2017: Albury Albury Thunder Adrian PurtellCootamundra Bulldogs Mark Bryant Les Boyd Glen Buttriss Jack De Belin Paul BeathJunee Diesels Laurie Daley Jason Lidden Rick Keast Adam Perry Michael Dobson Craig Breen Phil CroweSouth City Bulls Nick SkinnerTemora Dragons Mark Stimson Trent Barrett Todd Payten Josh McCrone Steve Reardon Ryan Hinchcliffe Mark Nicholls Ben Hampton Trevor Barnes Peter Wynn Graeme Wynn Brendon Reeves Peter Stimpson Gavin Price-Jones Steve ReardonWagga Wagga Brothers Jack Littlejohn Brayden SharrockWagga Wagga Kangaroos Peter Sterling Steve Mortimer Steve Martin Greg Watt Geoff Lawson Jeff Case Paul Upfield Marc Glanville Luke Priddis Jamie Soward Nigel Plum Cameron KingYoung Cherrypickers Brett Mullins Simon Woolford Jordan McLean Angus Crichton Rugby League Competitions in Australia Group 9 Homepage