Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Cologne
The Archdiocese of Cologne is an archdiocese of the Catholic Church in western North Rhine-Westphalia and northern Rhineland-Palatinate in Germany. The Electorate of Cologne—not to be confused with the larger Archdiocese of Cologne—was one of the major ecclesiastical principalities of the Holy Roman Empire; the city of Cologne as such became a free city in 1288 and the archbishop moved his residence from Cologne Cathedral to Bonn to avoid conflicts with the Free City, which escaped his jurisdiction. After 1795, the archbishopric's territories on the left bank of the Rhine were occupied by France, were formally annexed in 1801; the Reichsdeputationshauptschluss of 1803 secularized the rest of the archbishopric, giving the Duchy of Westphalia to the Landgraviate of Hesse-Darmstadt. As an ecclesial government, the archdiocese remained intact: while she lost the left bank including the episcopal city itself, Cologne, to the new Diocese of Aachen established under Napoleon's auspices, there still remained a substantial amount of territory on the right bank of the Rhine.
After the death of the last Elector-Archbishop in 1801, the see was vacant for 23 years, being governed by vicar capitular Johann Herrmann Joseph v. Caspars zu Weiss and, after his death, by Johann Wilhelm Schmitz. In 1821, the archdiocese regained Cologne and the right bank of the Rhine and, in 1824, an archbishop was established there again, it remains an archdiocese to the present day, considered the most important one of Germany. Cologne, the largest and richest diocese in Europe, announced in October 2013 that "in connection with the current discussion about Church finances" that its archbishop had reserves amounting to 166.2 million Euro in 2012. It said the 9.6 million Euro earnings from its investments were, as in previous years, added to the diocesan budget of 939 million Euro in 2012, three-quarters of, financed by the "church tax" levied on churchgoers. In 2015 the archdiocese for the first time published its financial accounts, which show assets worth more than £2bn. Documents posted on the archdiocesan website showed assets of €3.35bn at the end of 2013.
Some € 2.4 billion were invested in stocks and company holdings. A further €646m were held in tangible assets property. Cash reserves and outstanding loans amounted to about €287m; the following is a list of the archbishops since the Archdiocese of Cologne was re-filled in 1824. 1824–1835: Ferdinand August von Spiegel 1835–1845: Clemens August von Droste-Vischering 1845–1864: Johannes von Geissel 1866–1885: Paul Ludolf Melchers 1885–1899: Philipp Krementz 1899–1912: Hubert Theophil Simar 1902–1912: Anton Hubert Fischer 1912–1919: Felix von Hartmann 1920–1941: Karl Joseph Schulte 1942–1969: Josef Frings 1969–1987: Joseph Höffner 1989–2014: Joachim Meisner 2014–: Rainer Woelki Herbermann, Charles, ed.. "Cologne". Catholic Encyclopedia. New York: Robert Appleton Company. List of Bishops and Archbishops of Cologne Archdiocese of Cologne List of Bishops and Archbishops of Cologne Cologne Cathedral
Lippstadt is a town in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. It is the largest town within the district of Soest. Lippstadt is situated about 60 kilometres east of Dortmund, 40 kilometres south of Bielefeld and 30 kilometres west of Paderborn. Lippstadt is situated in the Lippe valley 70 kilometres east of Dortmund and 30 kilometres west of Paderborn; the historic town centre is situated between an artificial canal of the river Lippe and the river itself. Lippstadt consists of 18 districts: Lippstadt is twinned with: Uden, since 1971 Lippstadt was founded by Bernhard II zur Lippe. In the early 13th century Lippstadt, with a population of 2700, had four parish churches. There was an Augustinian abbey which had existed since 1281. From 1400, the enclave and town of Lippstadt were to be a condominium shared by the county of Lippe and the counts of Cleves-Mark, who were succeeded by the Hohenzollerns, a situation that endured until the middle of the 19th. Century. Heinrich von Ahaus founded one of his communities for women of the Brethren of the Common Life there.
In 1523 it formed a defensive alliance together with the neighbouring cities of Osnabrück, Soest and Münster. Augustinians studying at the University of Wittenberg brought Martin Luther's doctrine home with them, thus in 1524 Lutheran doctrines were preached at Lippstadt by their prior Westermann, the town was one of the first to embrace Lutheranism though it resisted the rise of Calvinism in rural areas of Westphalia. Colonel Edward Morgan, a Royalist during English Civil War 1642-9, was Captain General of the Kings forces in South Wales. After the King's arrest and execution, he fled to the continent, married Anna Petronilla the daughter of Baron von Pöllnitz from Westphalia, Governor of Lippstadt, they had six children, two sons, four daughters. He was appointed Lieutenant Governor of Jamaica 1664-65, his nephew Henry Morgan left his Jamaican property to his godsons Charles Byndloss and Henry Archbold on condition they adopted the surname of Morgan. These were the children of his two cousins Anna Petronilla Byndloss, Johanna Archbold.
In 1821 the Papal Bull "De salute animarum", made over to the Bishopric of Paderborn the Lippian parishes of Cappel and Lippstadt, which had belonged to the Archbishopric of Cologne without producing any ensuing agreement with the state of Lippe. In 1851 the whole of Lippstadt, which up to had been divided between the Kingdom of Prussia and Lippe, was added to the Prussian royal province of Westphalia. In 1944 a women's subcamp of Buchenwald was founded in Lippstadt, it was the site of a displaced persons camp in the years following World War II. On 1 April 1945 the US 2nd Armored Division made contact with the 3rd Armored Division at Lippstadt, effecting junction of the US Ninth Army with the US First Army, seized the city against scattered resistance. David Gans Hebrew: דָּוִד בֶּן שְׁלֹמֹה גנז, Jewish mathematician, historian and astrologer Anton Praetorius, fighter against witchcraft trials and torture Anthony Eickhoff, German-American author and politician Martin Niemöller, theologian Kaspar Ulenberg, Lutheran convert to Catholicism, theological writer and translator of the Bible into German Rudolph Blankenburg, b. in Lippstadt, became a naturalized United States citizen and mayor of Philadelphia Karl-Heinz Rummenigge, former German footballer Will Schmitz American Writer Lippstadt serves as headquarters of international automotive supplier's Hella and HBPO Group.
It is home to a factory of large-diameter antifriction bearings, seamless-rolled rings manufacturer Rothe Erde. The important road to get to Lippstadt is the Bundesstraße 55; this street goes from north to south of the city. At north, Lippstadt connects with Rheda-Wiedenbrück and the Autobahn 2. In addition, South-Lippstadt connects with the Bundesstraße 1 and the Autobahn 44 by passing through the Erwitte; the Lippstadt train station lies on the Hamm-Warburg railway. It has a railway service with IC and region train. Passengers can change direction with Dresden, München and Düsseldorf networks. RE 1,Nordrhein-Westfalen-Express,comes from Parderborn through Ruhrgebiet region and Düsseldorf, it passes Cologne and end up at Aachen station. RB 89,Ems-Börde-Bahn, takes only 30 minutes to Hamm-Münster The bus system in Lippstadt is provided by Regionalverkehr Ruhr-Lippe; the system consists of 3 major types of bus networks. City-Bus Networks The city-bus networks in Lippstadt consist of five lines; the bus lines start every 30 minutes from Bustreff am Bahnhof and travel via five different routes to different destinations.
C1: From Bustreff am Bahnhof to Wohnpark Süd - Landsberger Rd C2: From Bustreff am Bahnhof to Pappelallee - Landsberger Rd. C3: From Bustreff am Bahnhof to Cappel C4: From Bustreff am Bahnhof to Lipperbruch C5: From Bustreff am Bahnhof to Lipperode The City-Bus Network does not provide coverage in some areas. However, passengers can use Region-Bus Networks instant. Region-Bus Networks, a bus network providing transportation between cities, has individual timetables and destinations; the regular service Region-buses covers Rheda-Wiedenbrück and Rietberg. In addition, there is the Schnellbus from Lippstadt passing through Erwitte to Warstein every hour. On the weekend, there are a few buses in the evening so passengers have
Vehicle registration plate
A vehicle registration plate known as a number plate or a license plate, is a metal or plastic plate attached to a motor vehicle or trailer for official identification purposes. All countries require registration plates for road vehicles such as cars and motorcycles. Whether they are required for other vehicles, such as bicycles, boats, or tractors, may vary by jurisdiction; the registration identifier is a numeric or alphanumeric ID that uniquely identifies the vehicle owner within the issuing region's vehicle register. In some countries, the identifier is unique within the entire country, while in others it is unique within a state or province. Whether the identifier is associated with a vehicle or a person varies by issuing agency. There are electronic license plates. Most governments require a registration plate to be attached to both the front and rear of a vehicle, although certain jurisdictions or vehicle types, such as motorboats, require only one plate, attached to the rear of the vehicle.
National databases relate this number to other information describing the vehicle, such as the make, colour, year of manufacture, engine size, type of fuel used, mileage recorded, vehicle identification number, the name and address of the vehicle's registered owner or keeper. In the vast majority of jurisdictions, the government holds a monopoly on the manufacturing of vehicle registration plates for that jurisdiction. Either a government agency or a private company with express contractual authorization from the government makes plates as needed, which are mailed to, delivered to, or picked up by the vehicle owners. Thus, it is illegal for private citizens to make and affix their own plates, because such unauthorized private manufacturing is equivalent to forging an official document. Alternatively, the government will assign plate numbers, it is the vehicle owner's responsibility to find an approved private supplier to make a plate with that number. In some jurisdictions, plates will be permanently assigned to that particular vehicle for its lifetime.
If the vehicle is either destroyed or exported to a different country, the plate number is retired or reissued. China requires the re-registration of any vehicle that crosses its borders from another country, such as for overland tourist visits, regardless of the length of time it is due to remain there. Other jurisdictions follow a "plate-to-owner" policy, meaning that when a vehicle is sold the seller removes the current plate from the vehicle. Buyers must either obtain new plates or attach plates they hold, as well as register their vehicles under the buyer's name and plate number. A person who sells a car and purchases a new one can apply to have the old plates put onto the new car. One who sells a car and does not buy a new one may, depending on the local laws involved, have to turn the old plates in or destroy them, or may be permitted to keep them; some jurisdictions permit the registration of the vehicle with "personal" plates. In some jurisdictions, plates require periodic replacement associated with a design change of the plate itself.
Vehicle owners may or may not have the option to keep their original plate number, may have to pay a fee to exercise this option. Alternately, or additionally, vehicle owners have to replace a small decal on the plate or use a decal on the windshield to indicate the expiration date of the vehicle registration, periodic safety and/or emissions inspections or vehicle taxation. Other jurisdictions have replaced the decal requirement through the use of computerization: a central database maintains records of which plate numbers are associated with expired registrations, communicating with automated number plate readers to enable law-enforcement to identify expired registrations in the field. Plates are fixed directly to a vehicle or to a plate frame, fixed to the vehicle. Sometimes, the plate frames contain advertisements inserted by the vehicle service centre or the dealership from which the vehicle was purchased. Vehicle owners can purchase customized frames to replace the original frames. In some jurisdictions registration plate frames have design restrictions.
For example, many states, like Texas, allow plate frames but prohibit plate frames from covering the name of the state, district, Native American tribe or country that issued of license plate. Plates are designed to conform to standards with regard to being read by eye in day or at night, or by electronic equipment; some drivers purchase clear, smoke-colored or tinted covers that go over the registration plate to prevent electronic equipment from scanning the registration plate. Legality of these covers varies; some cameras incorporate filter systems that make such avoidance attempts unworkable with infra-red filters. Vehicles pulling trailers, such as caravans and semi-trailer trucks, are required to display a third registration plate on the rear of the trailer. An engineering study by the University of Illinois published in 1960 recommended that the state of Illinois adopt a numbering system and plate design "composed of combinations of characters which can be perceived and are legible at a distance of 125 feet under daylight conditions, are adapted to filing and administrative procedures".
It recommended that a standard plate size of 6 inches by 14 inches be adopte
Ense is a municipality in the district of Soest, in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. Ense is situated on approx. 12 km north-west of Arnsberg and 12 km south-west of Soest. Ense lies at the south side of the Haarstrang. Arnsberg Möhnesee Soest Werl Wickede Ense consists of the following 15 districts: Bilme Bittingen Bremen Gerlingen Höingen Hünningen Lüttringen Niederense Oberense Parsit Ruhne Sieveringen Vierhausen Volbringen Waltringen Éleu-dit-Leauwette -- since 1989 Burkardroth Official website
Lippetal is a municipality in the district of Soest, in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. Lippetal is located south of the river Lippe between the cities of Lippstadt and Hamm. Lippetal is situated at the northern boundary of the Soester Börde, south of the river Lippe and the southern Münsterland in north of the river; the river Lippe flows from east to the west through the municipality. There are eleven villages in Lippetal: Ahlen Bad Sassendorf Beckum Hamm Lippstadt Soest Wadersloh The municipality Lippetal was created by administrative reorganization in 1969. Lippetal was made with eleven villages from three different districts; the villages are old Saxon settlements. The villages Oestinghausen and Lippborg were first mentioned in 1189, Hovestadt in 1213, the place of pilgrimage Herzfeld in a document in 786. William Finnemann, priest of the Society of the Divine Word, auxiliary bishop of Manila and apostolic vicar of Calapan, Leon German percussionist Dirk Langerbein former football goalkeeper, now goalkeeper coach Official site
Burgomaster is the English form of various terms in or derived from Germanic languages for the chief magistrate or executive of a city or town. The name in English was derived from the Dutch burgemeester. In some cases, Burgomaster was the title of the head of state and head of government of a sovereign city-state, sometimes combined with other titles, such as Hamburg's First Mayor and President of the Senate). Contemporary titles are translated into English as mayor. In history in many free imperial cities the function of burgomaster was held by three persons, serving as an executive college. One of the three being burgomaster in chief for a year, the second being the prior burgomaster in chief, the third being the upcoming one. Präsidierender Bürgermeister is now an obsolete formulation sometimes found in historic texts. In an important city in a city state, where one of the Bürgermeister has a rank equivalent to that of a minister-president, there can be several posts called Bürgermeister in the city's executive college, justifying the use of a compound title for the actual highest magistrate, such as: Regierender Bürgermeister in West Berlin and reunited Berlin, while in Berlin the term Bürgermeister without attribute – English Mayor – refers to his deputies, while the heads of the 12 boroughs of Berlin are called Bezirksbürgermeister, English borough mayor.
Erster Bürgermeister in Hamburg Bürgermeister und Präsident des Senats in Bremen Amtsbürgermeister can be used for the chief magistrate of a Swiss constitutive canton, as in Aargau 1815–1831 Bürgermeister, in German: in Germany, South Tyrol, in Switzerland. In Switzerland, the title was abolished mid-19th century. Oberbürgermeister is the most common version for a mayor in a big city in Germany; the Ober- prefix is used in many ranking systems for the next level up including military designations. The mayors of cities, which comprise one of Germany's 112 urban districts bear this title. Urban districts are comparable to independent cities in the English-speaking world; however the mayors of some cities, which do not comprise an urban district, but used to comprise one until the territorial reforms in the 1970s, bear the title Oberbürgermeister. Borgmester Borgarstjóri Borgermester Börgermester Burgomaestre Purkmistr Burgumaisu Borgomastro or Sindaco-Borgomastro: in few communes of Lombardy Burgemeester in Dutch: in Belgium a party-political post, though formally nominated by the regional government and answerable to it, the federal state and the province.
Mayor. In the Netherlands nominated by the municipal council but appointed by the crown. In theory above the parties, in practice a high-profile party-political post. Bourgmestre in Belgium and the Democratic Republic of the Congo Bürgermeister Burmistras, derived from German. Buergermeeschter Polgármester, derived from German. Burmistrz, a mayoral title, derived from German; the German form Oberbürgermeister is translated as Nadburmistrz. The German-derived terminology reflects the involvement of German settlers in the early history of many Polish towns. Borgmästare, kommunalborgmästare. Boargemaster Pormestari In the Netherlands and Belgium, the mayor is an appointed government position, whose main responsibility is chairing the executive and legislative councils of a municipality. In the Netherlands, mayors chair both the council of the municipal council, they are members of the council of mayor and aldermen and have their own portfolios, always including safety and public order. They have a representative role for the municipal government, both to its civilians and to other authorities on the local and national level.
A large majority of mayors are members of a political party. This can be the majority party in the municipal council. However, the mayors are expected to exercise their office in a non-partisan way; the mayor is appointed by the national government for a renewable six-year term. In the past, mayors for important cities were chosen after negotiations between the national parties; this appointment procedure has been criticised. The party D66 had a direct election of the mayor as one of the main objectives in its platform. In the early 2000s, proposals for change were discussed in the national parliament. However