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Warwickshire County Cricket Club

Warwickshire County Cricket Club is one of eighteen first-class county clubs within the domestic cricket structure of England and Wales. It represents the historic county of Warwickshire, its 50 overs team is called its T20 team the Birmingham Bears. Founded in 1882, the club held minor status until it was elevated to first-class in 1894 pending its entry into the County Championship in 1895. Since Warwickshire have played in every top-level domestic cricket competition in England. Warwickshire's kit colours are black and gold and the shirt sponsor is Gullivers Sports Travel; the club's home is Edgbaston Cricket Ground in south Birmingham, which hosts Test and One-Day International matches. County Championship – 1911, 1951, 1972, 1994, 1995, 2004, 2012Division Two – 2008, 2018Gillette/NatWest/C&G/Friends Provident Trophy – 1966, 1968, 1989, 1993, 1995 Sunday/Pro 40 League/CB40/Royal London One-Day Cup – 1980, 1994, 1997, 2010, 2016Division Two – 2009Benson & Hedges Cup – 1994, 2002 NatWest t20 Blast – 2014 Second XI Championship – 1979, 1996 Second XI Trophy – 2006 Minor Counties Championship – 1959, 1962 Cricket may have reached Warwickshire by the end of the 17th century.

The Warwickshire & Staffordshire Journal was aware of the sport in 1738 for it carried a report of a London v Mitcham game at the Artillery Ground on 11 August. The earliest confirmed reference to cricket in the county is a match announcement in Aris’ Gazette on 15 July 1751. There was a prominent club in Coventry towards the end of the 18th century which played two well-documented matches against Leicester in 1787 and 1788. Reports of both games are included in Fresh Light on 18th Century Cricket by G. B. Buckley. Leicester won both games by 28 runs respectively. Warwickshire CCC was founded on 8 April 1882 at a meeting in The Regent Hotel, Leamington Spa; the club developed so well that by the time of the first official County Championship in 1890 it was playing some of the top first-class counties such as Surrey and Yorkshire. Warwickshire became first-class themselves in 1894 and surprised the cricket world with wins over Surrey at The Oval and Nottinghamshire, they competed in the County Championship from 1895 but despite being strong in batting, their bowling was, until the arrival of Sam Hargreave and Frank Field in 1899 weak.

From 1900 to 1906 they were strong enough to be in the upper-middle reaches of the table, but the decline of their bowling from 1907 returned them to the lower reaches of the table late in that decade. Frank Foster, who first played as an amateur left-arm pace bowler in 1908 but improved in 1910 as a result of slowing his pace to gain accuracy, still stands as Warwickshire's greatest all-rounder. In 1911 he headed both batting and bowling averages and, along with a fit Frank Field, enabled Warwickshire to take the Championship from the "Big Six" for the only time between 1890 and 1935. Foster and Field took between 238 wickets, but in Wisden nobody doubted that Warwickshire's win was caused by an abnormally dry summer, the following three years saw them return to mid-table although Foster in 1914 displayed all-round form equal to that of 1911. In 1919, with Foster having had an accident that ended his short career, Warwickshire fell to last in the table, they did not improve a great deal until the 1930s when Bob Wyatt's captaincy and the bowling of Mayer and Hollies moved them to fourth in 1934, but as Paine declined, they fell away.

When Wyatt left for Worcestershire after World War II, they declined further despite Hollies' wonderful bowling in 1946 – with no support at all, he took 175 wickets for only 15 each. The acquisition of New Zealand speedster Tom Pritchard gave Hollies the necessary support and by 1948 they had one of the strongest attacks in county cricket, it was this bowling power, along with effective, if not wonderful batting, that gave them the Championship in 1951. However, as with 1911, they fell off as their batting became unreliable over the rest of the decade. After Hollies' retirement in 1957, there were some poor seasons until Tom Cartwright emerged as a top-class seam bowler in 1962; the county did not establish itself at the top until the late 1960s. In 1971 Lance Gibbs' magnificent bowling enabled them to come second, whilst brilliant batting gave them a clear Championship win in 1972, yet again, though, a Championship win was followed by a decline and the next twenty years saw the county always in the lower half of the table.

In 1981 and 1982, with Bob Willis doing nothing for them whilst producing match-winning form for England, they averaged over 45 runs for each wicket they took – still a record. Only under the coaching of Bob Woolmer and captaincy of Dermot Reeve did the team become successful. Although they had won the NatWest Trophy in 1989, it was their astonishing victory in the same competition in 1993, overhauling a record score posted by Sussex in the final, which launched their most dominant period in English cricket. In 1994 they secured a historic treble, winning the County Championship, Axa Equity & Law League and Benson & Hedges Cup. In that season Lara set the world record for a first-class cricket score of 501 whilst playing for Warwickshire against Durham County Cricket Club. In 1995 they won the County Championship again, won the C&G Trophy; this was to be the last trophy of Dermot Reeve's captaincy with him steppi

Gertrud Sch├╝pbach

Trudi Schüpbach is a Swiss-American molecular biologist. She is an Emeritus Professor of Molecular Biology at Princeton University, where her laboratory studies molecular and genetic mechanisms in fruit fly oogenesis. Prof. Schüpbach's research focuses on signaling pathways that are involved in pattern formation during embryonic development. Using the fruit fly as a model system, she revealed molecular mechanisms underlying the determination of the major axis of the embryo. Performing genetic screens, she identified mutants that result in female sterility of which many affect embryonic body patterning. By that, she contributed to the understanding of maternal factors that are deposited into the forming egg during oogenesis and that are conferred into spatial information within the developing embryo to demarcate distinct functional regions. Schupbach received her Ph. D. in Biology from the University of Zurich, where she performed her first postdoctoral work before she continued as a postdoc at Princeton University.

In 1990 she was appointed as Associate Professor and promoted to Full Professor in 1994 at Princeton University. Schüpbach is married to Nobel laureate and fellow biologist Eric F. Wieschaus. 1981 Alfred Schlafli Prize for thesis research awarded by Swiss Zoological Society 1999 Elected Fellow, American Academy of Arts and Sciences 2000 Elected Associate Member European Molecular Biology Organization 2005 Elected to the National Academy of Sciences 2006 Edwin F. Conklin Medal, Society for Developmental Biology 2007 Elected Fellow, American Association for the Advancement of Science 2011 Honorary Degree, University of Zurich, Switzerland Genetic screenings for maternal effect “grandchildless” mutants resulted in the identification of a set of genes that are essential for the patterning of the egg and developing embryo. Many of the affected genes were named by Trudi Schüpbach after royal dynasties that extinguished due to the lack of offspring such as staufen, vasa and tudor. Princeton University faculty profile Schüpbach lab page

Pine Lake, Wisconsin

Pine Lake is a town in Oneida County, United States. The population was 2,720 at the 2000 census; the unincorporated community of Roosevelt is located in the town. A rural, "Northwoods" forest-land, Pine Lake is home to both the Crystal Lake Scout Reservation and the annual Hodag Country Music Festival. According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 45.0 square miles, of which, 40.6 square miles of it is land and 4.4 square miles of it is water. As of the census of 2000, there were 2,720 people, 1,063 households, 755 families residing in the town; the population density was 67.0 people per square mile. There were 1,381 housing units at an average density of 34.0 per square mile. The racial makeup of the town was 97.46% White, 0.96% African American, 0.74% Native American, 0.33% Asian, 0.11% from other races, 0.40% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.59% of the population. There were 1,063 households out of which 29.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 61.7% were married couples living together, 6.3% had a female householder with no husband present, 28.9% were non-families.

23.0% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.7% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.45 and the average family size was 2.88. In the town, the population was spread out with 22.6% under the age of 18, 7.3% from 18 to 24, 29.0% from 25 to 44, 28.9% from 45 to 64, 12.1% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females, there were 109.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 111.0 males. The median income for a household in the town was $43,750, the median income for a family was $49,500. Males had a median income of $36,413 versus $23,272 for females; the per capita income for the town was $21,515. About 4.2% of families and 7.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 11.2% of those under age 18 and 10.7% of those age 65 or over. The Rhinelander-Oneida County Airport serves Pine Lake, the county and surrounding communities with both scheduled commercial jet service and general aviation services.

Town of Pine Lake, Wisconsin website

Abnormal posturing

Abnormal posturing is an involuntary flexion or extension of the arms and legs, indicating severe brain injury. It occurs when one set of muscles becomes incapacitated while the opposing set is not, an external stimulus such as pain causes the working set of muscles to contract; the posturing may occur without a stimulus. Since posturing is an important indicator of the amount of damage that has occurred to the brain, it is used by medical professionals to measure the severity of a coma with the Glasgow Coma Scale and the Pediatric Glasgow Coma Scale; the presence of abnormal posturing indicates a severe medical emergency requiring immediate medical attention. Decerebrate and decorticate posturing are associated with poor outcome in a variety of conditions. For example, near-drowning victims that display decerebrate or decorticate posturing have worse outcomes than those that do not. Changes in the condition of the patient may cause him or her to alternate between different types of posturing.

Posturing can be caused by conditions. Such conditions include traumatic brain injury, intracranial hemorrhage, brain tumors, encephalopathy. Posturing due to stroke only occurs on one side of the body and may be referred to as spastic hemiplegia. Diseases such as malaria are known to cause the brain to swell and cause this posturing effect. Decerebrate and decorticate posturing can indicate that brain herniation is occurring or is about to occur. Brain herniation is an dangerous condition in which parts of the brain are pushed past hard structures within the skull. In herniation syndrome, indicative of brain herniation, decorticate posturing occurs, and, if the condition is left untreated, develops into decerebrate posturing. Posturing has been displayed by patients with Creutzfeldt–Jakob disease, diffuse cerebral hypoxia, brain abscesses, it has been observed in cases of judicial hanging, although strapping of the arms and legs may hide the effect. In children younger than age two, posturing is not a reliable finding because their nervous systems are not yet developed.

However, Reye's syndrome and traumatic brain injury can both cause decorticate posturing in children. For reasons that are poorly understood, but which may be related to high intracranial pressure, children with malaria exhibit decorticate and opisthotonic posturing. Three types of abnormal posturing are decorticate posturing, with the arms flexed over the chest. Decorticate posturing is called decorticate response, decorticate rigidity, flexor posturing, or, colloquially, "mummy baby". Patients with decorticate posturing present with the arms flexed, or bent inward on the chest, the hands are clenched into fists, the legs extended and feet turned inward. A person displaying decorticate posturing in response to pain gets a score of three in the motor section of the Glasgow Coma Scale, due to the flexion of muscles due to the neuro-muscular response to the trauma. There are two parts to decorticate posturing; the first is the disinhibition of the red nucleus with facilitation of the rubrospinal tract.

The rubrospinal tract facilitates motor neurons in the cervical spinal cord supplying the flexor muscles of the upper extremities. The rubrospinal tract and medullary reticulospinal tract biased flexion outweighs the medial and lateral vestibulospinal and pontine reticulospinal tract biased extension in the upper extremities; the second component of decorticate posturing is the disruption of the lateral corticospinal tract which facilitates motor neurons in the lower spinal cord supplying flexor muscles of the lower extremities. Since the corticospinal tract is interrupted, the pontine reticulospinal and the medial and lateral vestibulospinal biased extension tracts overwhelm the medullary reticulospinal biased flexion tract; the effects on these two tracts by lesions above the red nucleus is what leads to the characteristic flexion posturing of the upper extremities and extensor posturing of the lower extremities. Decorticate posturing indicates that there may be damage to areas including the cerebral hemispheres, the internal capsule, the thalamus.

It may indicate damage to the midbrain. While decorticate posturing is still an ominous sign of severe brain damage, decerebrate posturing is indicative of more severe damage at the rubrospinal tract, hence, the red nucleus is involved, indicating a lesion lower in the brainstem. Decerebrate posturing is called decerebrate response, decerebrate rigidity, or extensor posturing, it describes the involuntary extension of the upper extremities in response to external stimuli. In decerebrate posturing, the head is arched back, the arms are extended by the sides, the legs are extended. A hallmark of decerebrate posturing is extended elbows; the arms and legs rotated internally. The patient is rigid, with the teeth clenched; the signs can be on just one side of the body or on both sides, it may be just in the arms and may be intermittent. A person displaying decerebrate posturing in response to pain gets a score of two in the motor section of the Glasgow Coma Scale and the Pediatric Glasgow Coma Scale, due to his or her muscles extending because of the neuro-muscular response to the trauma.

Decerebrate posturing indicates brain stem damage damage below the level of the red nucleus. It is exhibited by people with lesions or compression in lesions in the cerebellum. Decerebrate posturing

Adult chat (television)

Adult chat television channels and programs are a format of phone-in live television programming that has developed in Europe since 2002 having elements similar to webcam modelling and softcore pornography. Adult chat channels were noted in Screen as "challenges to conventional notions" of television – viewers can make premium-rate phone calls to the channel's presenters, but the calls are not heard on screen during the program. Thus, the channels' format and content is influenced by the pursuit of revenue, "pay-to-participate", without the traditional "audience subscription, advertising or sponsorship". Broadcast live from a studio, the shows feature female presenters advertising a phone sex line or chat line, speaking on the phone, promoting extra online content and photos, or responding to viewers' online messages, text messages and photos. Many adult chat programs have been established in mainland Europe and in the United Kingdom since the beginning of SexySat TV and Babestation in 2002.

These programs and channels aim for profits drawn from phone calls, at the expense of production values, which are high. The presenters of the shows are glamour models, fetish models or porn stars, have included Cathy Barry and Dani Thompson; some eventual channels began as shorter shows on unrelated TV stations. Some babe channels broadcast for part of the day, some for 24 hours a day. A typical night show, when content is more sexually explicit, may run from 10 pm until 5.30 am. Many of the same channels run daytime shows. Adult chat companies have operated various extra online streams and web shows. While television "address itself to an overhearing audience", babe channels were noted in Screen as "challenges to conventional notions" of television" due to their novel format, which prioritises revenue from phone calls that are seen but unheard in the broadcast; as well as this, Stephanie Marriott identified the channels' promise of a "fully bilateral engagement" with the host as an unusual idea in television.

De Montfort University professor of film studies, I. Q. Hunter, names adult chat television as representative of how "commercialised erotic representation" changed radically in the digital age; the rise of adult chat was linked to that of similar "participation television" programs, quiz and dating channels in the early 21st century. An independent Ofcom report highlighted the contradiction in the nature of the channels: "‘Babe’ TV was treated as ‘advertising’ by non-viewers but among viewers it was felt to provide engaging programming that could be enjoyed without calling in." Regular viewers spoke positively about the shows: "All respondents implied that the purpose of watching or calling ‘Babe’ channels was sexual gratification, although the channels were seen as entertaining or amusing."Photographer Bronia Stewart spoke of the good relationship between presenters and producers, after a nine-month photography project at Babestation as part of the 2013 art exhibition, FreshFaced + WildEyed.

She said she was surprised that the hosts' motivation was less about fame and "more about a working life. So while some of them had 20,000 followers on Twitter, it was about being able to provide for their family and earn good money." Stewart described babe channels as sympomatic of the media's sexualisation of women, said many of the presenters have changed their bodies seeking to become "the perceived ideal woman". Among the presenters working on the channels, Rebecca Emslie talked about the shows' environment: “To be honest I didn’t find it competitive at all. I think every channel I have worked for had their favourites but we all used to get along it wasn’t bitchy or anything like that! It was a relaxed, fun environment.”Former producer Kathryn Vinclaire said the channels were not as she had expected: "It was a world led by the girls on camera, they were always in complete control." A former office runner on a babeshow said he wouldn't recommend that job as a way of starting out in TV. Sports broadcaster and writer Amy Christophers said the channels, where she used to present, contributed to many men's unrealistic expectations about women.

In the UK, Ofcom classes TV programs that encourage viewers to call presenters live on a premium rate telephone number as advertisements. The regulations applicable to advertisements apply to these channels, rather than the rules for editorial content; this restricts what may be said and shown on-air on unencrypted channels more stringently than if the content were a normal program. However, regulation of adult TV channels has not been devolved to the Advertising Standards Authority. Ofcom regulates these channels directly. Adult chat channels have periodically been punished by regulators. In 2006, ICSTIS fined a variety of daytime chat line service providers for breaches of phone line regulations. In 2010, Bang Media were fined £157,250 by Ofcom for screening “inappropriate explicit material” with “manifest recklessness”. In 2013, the UK Babestation switched to a channel license in the Netherlands, which led Ofcom to make a formal complaint to the Dutch regulator. In 2008 in Austria, Eurotic TV parent company Franz Ressl Handels GmbH was criticised by the KOA regulator for broadcasting nudity on its daytime programs.

In the US, Playboy TV started Night Calls, a phone-in show where viewers could'direct' the presenters in sexual acts on the air. However, this was not quite the same format as the one used in Europe, where the focus is more on the phone calls, profit made from them. December 3: Babestation was first broadcast from 11p


KXEU is a radio station licensed to serve Ballard, United States. The station is owned by Hi-Line Radio Fellowship, Inc. and it planned to carry their "Your Network of Praise" programming. KXEU has been off the air for financial reasons since June 6, 2009; this station received its original construction permit for a new station at 95.7 MHz to serve the community of Marbleton, from the Federal Communications Commission on April 21, 2005. The new station was assigned the KFMR call sign by the FCC on August 19, 2005. On April 8, 2008, the FCC authorized a change for the still-under construction station in broadcast frequency to 95.5 MHz and in community of license to Ballard, Utah—roughly 200 miles south of Marblelton, Wyoming. KFMR received its license to cover from the FCC on June 10, 2008. On July 17, 2008, KFMR's owners notified the FCC that the station had fallen silent on June 10, 2008—the day it had received its broadcast license—over programming issues. In their application, SkyWest Media requested authority to remain silent "until it has finalized and implemented its programming plans."

The Commission granted this authority on December 18, 2008, with an expiration date of June 11, 2009. As a matter of law, if KFMR was unable to resume broadcasting within one year of going dark), it would be liable to forfeit its broadcast license. On June 8, 2009, having been on the air to beat the looming one-year deadline, the station reported to the FCC that it had fallen silent once again, this time on June 6, 2009, this time for "financial" reasons, it requested a new authorization to remain silent and as of August 2009 the FCC has accepted this application for filing but taken no further action. In July 2009, SkyWest Media, LLC, reached an agreement to sell this station to Cochise Media Licenses, LLC, as part of a three-station deal in exchange for $552,000 in debt forgiveness. SkyWest Media is owned by Ted Tucker Jr. and Cochise Media Licenses is owned by his father, Ted Tucker Sr. This application was accepted for filing on July 13, 2009, but as of August 2009 the Commission has taken no further action on the application.

On May 26, 2017, the Federal Communications Commission released an order regarding two Consent Agreements reached with Cochise Broadcasting LLC and Cochise Media Licenses LLC to settle multiple violations at ten stations. Under the agreements nine licenses, including KFMR's, were to be surrendered. Effective December 28, 2017, Cochise Media donated KFMR's license to Inc.. The station changed its call sign to KXEU on January 17, 2018. Query the FCC's FM station database for KXEU Radio-Locator information on KXEU Query Nielsen Audio's FM station database for KXEU