Blue Earth County, Minnesota
Blue Earth County is a county in the State of Minnesota. As of the 2010 United States Census, the population was 64,013, its county seat is Mankato. The county is named for the Blue Earth River and for the deposits of blue-green clay once evident along the banks of the Blue Earth River. Blue Earth County is part of the Mankato-North Mankato metropolitan area; the area of Blue Earth County was once known as the "Big Woods". French explorer Pierre-Charles Le Sueur was an early explorer in this area, arriving where the Minnesota and Blue Earth rivers meet, he made an unsuccessful attempt to mine copper from the blue earth. The area remained under French control until 1803 when it passed to the United States in the Louisiana Purchase; when Minnesota became a territory in 1849, the territorial government became interested in settling the river valley. In 1850 the first steamboat trip, starting in St. Paul, traveled on the Minnesota River and came to the Blue Earth River; the first white settlers, P. K. Johnson and Henry Jackson and settled in present-day Mankato.
The ratification of the Mendota and Traverse des Sioux treaties in 1851 forced the Dakota to leave the area for nearby reservations. The county of Blue Earth was created after a division of the Minnesota Territory on March 5, 1853, from portions of Dakota County and free territory, it was named for the Blue Earth River. The first government officials were appointed by the territorial governor; that October the first election was held, with 22 ballots being taken. Unfulfilled treaty promises and starvation on the reservation led to the Dakota War of 1862, which resulted in Dakota defeat and the largest mass execution in US history in Mankato. In 1868 the railroads' arrival helped with the growth and development of many areas, including Blue Earth; the railroads allowed immigrants and Yankee settlers into the area. The Minnesota River flows southeasterly along the western part of the county's north boundary line, it is joined by the Blue Earth River which flows northerly through the western central part of the county.
The Watonwan River flows northwesterly through the NE part of the county, discharging into the Blue Earth. The Little Cobb River flows northwesterly through the SE part of the county, meeting with the Cobb River which flows northerly through the lower part of the county into the Blue Earth River; the Le Sueur River flows west-northwesterly through the SE part of the county, discharging into the Blue Earth River. The county terrain consists with the area devoted to agriculture; the terrain slopes to the north and east, with its highest point near its SW corner, at 1,086' ASL. The county has an area of 766 square miles, of which 748 square miles is land and 18 square miles is water; the Blue Earth River and Le Sueur River flow through a part of the county. The land surface is flat with over 30 lakes in the county. There are many "closed forest savannas"; the rivers that flow out of the northeast are surrounded by these big woods. Most of the county is grassland prairie but scattered parts are wet prairie.
Some spots that surround the rivers are barren brushland. In recent years, average temperatures in the county seat of Mankato have ranged from a low of 5 °F in January to a high of 83 °F in July, although a record low of −35 °F was recorded in February 1996 and a record high of 107 °F was recorded in August 1988. Average monthly precipitation ranged from 0.78 inches in February to 5.09 inches in June. As of the 2000 United States Census, there were 55,941 people, 21,062 households, 12,616 families residing in the county; the population density was 74.8/sqmi. There were 21,971 housing units at an average density of 29.4/sqmi. The racial makeup of the county was 94.96% White, 1.19% Black or African American, 0.28% Native American, 1.79% Asian, 0.06% Pacific Islander, 0.69% from other races, 1.03% from two or more races. 1.77% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 47.6 % were of 13.6 % Norwegian and 6.5 % Irish ancestry. There were 21,062 households out of which 29.10% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 48.60% were married couples living together, 7.80% had a female householder with no husband present, 40.10% were non-families.
27.10% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.50% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.46 and the average family size was 2.99. The county population contained 21.40% under the age of 18, 22.10% from 18 to 24, 25.60% from 25 to 44, 18.80% from 45 to 64, 12.10% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 30 years. For every 100 females, there were 99.10 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 97.40 males. The median income for a household in the county was $38,940, the median income for a family was $50,257. Males had a median income of $32,087 versus $22,527 for females; the per capita income for the county was $18,712. About 6.10% of families and 12.90% of the population were below the poverty line, including 10.50% of those under age 18 and 9.40% of those age 65 or over. Garden City Cambria Marysburg Smiths Mill Blue Earth County has voted for the winning candidate for president in 12 of the last 14 elections, the exceptions being in 1988 and 2004.
Since 1988 it has tilted toward the Democratic Party, but in 2000 and 2016 it voted for the Republican candidates. National Register of Historic Places listings in Blue Earth County, Minnesota Blue Earth County Government’s website
Minnesota is a state in the Upper Midwest and northern regions of the United States. Minnesota was admitted as the 32nd U. S. state on May 11, 1858, created from the eastern half of the Minnesota Territory. The state has a large number of lakes, is known by the slogan the "Land of 10,000 Lakes", its official motto is L'Étoile du Nord. Minnesota is the 12th largest in area and the 22nd most populous of the U. S. states. This area is the center of transportation, industry and government, while being home to an internationally known arts community; the remainder of the state consists of western prairies now given over to intensive agriculture. Minnesota was inhabited by various indigenous peoples for thousands of years prior to the arrival of Europeans. French explorers and fur traders began exploring the region in the 17th century, encountering the Dakota and Ojibwe/Anishinaabe tribes. Much of what is today Minnesota was part of the vast French holding of Louisiana, purchased by the United States in 1803.
Following several territorial reorganizations, Minnesota in its current form was admitted as the country's 32nd state on May 11, 1858. Like many Midwestern states, it remained centered on lumber and agriculture. During the 19th and early 20th centuries, a large number of European immigrants from Scandinavia and Germany, began to settle the state, which remains a center of Scandinavian American and German American culture. In recent decades, immigration from Asia, the Horn of Africa, the Middle East, Latin America has broadened its demographic and cultural composition; the state's economy has diversified, shifting from traditional activities such as agriculture and resource extraction to services and finance. Minnesota's standard of living index is among the highest in the United States, the state is among the best-educated and wealthiest in the nation; the word Minnesota comes from the Dakota name for the Minnesota River: The river got its name from one of two words in the Dakota language,'Mní sóta' which means "clear blue water", or'Mnißota', which means cloudy water.
Native Americans demonstrated the name to early settlers by dropping milk into water and calling it mnisota. Many places in the state have similar names, such as Minnehaha Falls, Minneota, Minnetonka and Minneapolis, a combination of mni and polis, the Greek word for "city". Minnesota is the second northernmost U. S. state and northernmost contiguous state. Its isolated Northwest Angle in Lake of the Woods county is the only part of the 48 contiguous states lying north of the 49th parallel; the state is part of the U. S. region known as part of North America's Great Lakes Region. It shares a Lake Superior water border with Michigan and a land and water border with Wisconsin to the east. Iowa is to the south, North Dakota and South Dakota are to the west, the Canadian provinces of Ontario and Manitoba are to the north. With 86,943 square miles, or 2.25% of the United States, Minnesota is the 12th-largest state. Minnesota has gneisses that are about 3.6 billion years old. About 2.7 billion years ago, basaltic lava poured out of cracks in the floor of the primordial ocean.
The roots of these volcanic mountains and the action of Precambrian seas formed the Iron Range of northern Minnesota. Following a period of volcanism 1.1 billion years ago, Minnesota's geological activity has been more subdued, with no volcanism or mountain formation, but with repeated incursions of the sea, which left behind multiple strata of sedimentary rock. In more recent times, massive ice sheets at least one kilometer thick ravaged the state's landscape and sculpted its terrain; the Wisconsin glaciation left 12,000 years ago. These glaciers covered all of Minnesota except the far southeast, an area characterized by steep hills and streams that cut into the bedrock; this area is known as the Driftless Zone for its absence of glacial drift. Much of the remainder of the state outside the northeast has 50 feet or more of glacial till left behind as the last glaciers retreated. Gigantic Lake Agassiz formed in the northwest 13,000 years ago, its bed created the fertile Red River valley, its outflow, glacial River Warren, carved the valley of the Minnesota River and the Upper Mississippi downstream from Fort Snelling.
Minnesota is geologically quiet today. The state's high point is Eagle Mountain at 2,301 feet, only 13 miles away from the low of 601 feet at the shore of Lake Superior. Notwithstanding dramatic local differences in elevation, much of the state is a rolling peneplain. Two major drainage divides meet in Minnesota's northeast in rural Hibbing, forming a triple watershed. Precipitation can follow the Mississippi River south to the Gulf of Mexico, the Saint Lawrence Seaway east to the Atlantic Ocean, or the Hudson Bay watershed to the Arctic Ocean; the state's nickname, "Land of 10,000 Lakes", is apt, as there are 11,842 Minnesota lakes over 10 acres in size. Minnesota's portion of Lake Superior is the largest at 962,700 acres and deepest body of wate
Blue Earth River
The Blue Earth River is a tributary of the Minnesota River, 108 miles long, in southern Minnesota in the United States. Two of its headwaters tributaries, the Middle Branch Blue Earth River and the West Branch Blue Earth River flow for short distances in northern Iowa. By volume, it is the Minnesota River's largest tributary, accounting for 46% of the Minnesota's flow at the rivers' confluence in Mankato. Via the Minnesota River, the Blue Earth River is part of the watershed of the Mississippi River, draining an area of 3,486 square miles in an agricultural region. Ninety percent of the river's watershed is in Minnesota, it is a Minnesota Department of Natural Resources designated Water Trail. The river was named for former deposits of bluish-green clay, no longer visible, along the banks of the river; the stream was called Makato Osa Watapa by the Dakota Indians, meaning "the river where blue earth is gathered." The French explorer Pierre-Charles Le Sueur established Fort L'Huillier near the river's mouth in 1700 for the purpose of mining the clay, either in the mistaken belief that the clay contained copper, or as a ruse to secure funding from his patrons for his fur trading activities.
The fort was abandoned the following year after an attack by the Fox tribe. In the 19th century, the geographer Joseph Nicollet found cavities from which the clay had been dug by Native Americans in the region, who used it as body paint; the Blue Earth River begins at the confluence of its west and middle branches five miles north of Elmore in southwestern Faribault County, Minnesota. The Middle Branch, 35.1 miles long and sometimes known as the main stem of the river, rises in northwestern Winnebago County, Iowa 7 miles east of Rake, flows westwardly into Kossuth County, Iowa northwardly into Faribault County. The West Branch, 24.7 miles long, rises near Swea City, Iowa, in northern Kossuth County and flows northeastwardly into Faribault County. Both headwaters tributaries have been channelized for much of their courses. From their confluence the Blue Earth River flows northwardly in a winding course through eastern Faribault County into Blue Earth County, past the cities of Blue Earth and Vernon Center, to Mankato, where it enters the Minnesota River from the south.
Rapidan Dam, constructed for the purpose of hydroelectricity generation in 1910, impounds the river 12 miles upstream from its mouth. The hydroelectric facility was decommissioned but reactivated in 1984; the Blue Earth River's largest tributaries are the Le Sueur River, which it collects 3 miles upstream of its mouth. The two rivers drain 24 % of the Blue Earth's watershed, respectively. Tributaries of the river in its upper course include the East Branch Blue Earth River, 59.2 miles long, which rises in southwestern Freeborn County and flows westwardly through Faribault County to the city of Blue Earth. The Blue Earth River flows in most of its course through till plains and the plain of a former glacial lake; the drain of the glacial lake, Union Slough, drains in two directions, south into the East Fork of the Des Moines River and north, as Union Slough, into the West Branch of the Blue Earth River. The lower part of the river's watershed was covered by the Big Woods, a tract of hardwoods that has since been converted to agricultural use.
In its lower course below Rapidan Dam, the river flows through a wooded gorge in the valley of the Minnesota River. According to the Minnesota Pollution Control Agency 84% of the Blue Earth River's watershed is used for agricultural cultivation that of corn and soybeans; the river is one of the most polluted in Minnesota, with elevated levels of sediment, nitrates, mercury, PCBs, pesticides, contributed in part by runoff in the watershed. Fecal coliforms, contributed by manure fertilizers, livestock waste, substandard septic tanks and outdated sewer systems, are present in the river at levels considered by the state government to be unsafe for swimming; the United States Geological Survey operates a stream gauge on the Blue Earth River below Rapidan Dam in Rapidan Township, downstream of the mouth of the Watonwan River and upstream of the mouth of the Le Sueur River, 12 miles upstream from the river's mouth. The annual mean flow of the river at the gauge between 1909 and 2005 was 1,076 cubic feet per second.
The highest recorded flow during the period was 43,100 ft³/s on April 9, 1965. The lowest recorded flow was 6.9 ft³/s on October 12, 1955. List of rivers of Minnesota List of rivers of Iowa
Steele County, Minnesota
Steele County is a county in the U. S. state of Minnesota. As of the 2010 United States Census, the population was 36,576, its county seat is Owatonna. The county was named for a prominent early resident of the state. Steele County comprises MN Micropolitan Statistical Area. According to the US Census Bureau, the county has an area of 432 square miles, of which 430 square miles is land and 2.7 square miles is water. The Straight River flows northward through the county, the Le Sueur River flows through its southwestern corner; the Middle Fork of the Zumbro River rises in NE Steele County. Beaver Lake: in Berlin Township Fosilen Lake: in Berlin Township Lake Kohlmeier: in Owatonna, Owatonna Township Lonergan Lake: in Berlin Township Oak Glen Lake: in Blooming Prairie Township Rice Lake: in Havana Township, but the far eastern edge extends into Dodge County Rickert Lake: in Blooming Prairie Township Swan Lake: in Deerfield Township Interstate 35 – runs north-south through west-central portion of county.
Passes Medford, Clinton Falls, Hope, Ellendale. U. S. Highway 14 – runs east-west through upper central portion of county. Passes Owatonna. U. S. Highway 218 – runs NNW from southeast corner of county to intersection with US-14, southeast of Owatonna. Minnesota State Highway 30 – runs east-west across south part of county. Passes Ellendale; as of the 2000 United States Census, there were 33,680 people, 12,846 households, 9,082 families residing in the county. The population density was 78 people per square mile. There were 13,306 housing units at an average density of 31 per square mile; the racial makeup of the county was 95.19% White, 1.07% Black or African American, 0.10% Native American, 0.85% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 1.65% from other races, 1.12% from two or more races. 3.76% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 38.6 % were of 18.5 % Norwegian, 5.2 % Czech and 5.1 % Irish ancestry. There were 12,846 households out of which 35.50% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 59.50% were married couples living together, 7.40% had a female householder with no husband present, 29.30% were non-families.
24.60% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.30% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.57 and the average family size was 3.08. The county population contained 27.90% under the age of 18, 8.20% from 18 to 24, 29.00% from 25 to 44, 21.60% from 45 to 64, 13.30% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females there were 97.50 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 95.00 males. The median income for a household in the county was $46,106, the median income for a family was $53,981. Males had a median income of $36,366 versus $25,054 for females; the per capita income for the county was $20,328. About 4.20% of families and 6.20% of the population were below the poverty line, including 7.10% of those under age 18 and 7.10% of those age 65 or over. Blooming Prairie Ellendale Medford Owatonna Rice Lake National Register of Historic Places listings in Steele County, Minnesota Steele County Historical Society City of Owatonna City of Medford City of Blooming Prairie City Of Ellendale Rice Lake State Park Steele County government’s website
Rice County, Minnesota
Rice County is a county in the U. S. state of Minnesota. As of the 2010 census, the population was 64,142, its county seat is Faribault. Rice County comprises the Faribault-Northfield, MN Micropolitan Statistical Area, included in the Minneapolis-St. Paul, MN-WI Combined Statistical Area. Rice County was founded on March 5, 1853, it was named for Henry Mower Rice, a fur trader who became instrumental in creation of the Minnesota Territory and its subsequent growth and development. The Cannon River flows northeasterly through the center of the county, on its way to discharge into the Mississippi River at Red Wing; the Straight River flows northerly into the county from Steele County to its discharge point into the Cannon River at Faribault. The North Fork of the Zumbro River rises in south-central Rice County, flows eastward into Goodhue County on its way to discharge into the Mississippi east of Kellogg; the county terrain consists of low, rolling hills devoted to agriculture, dotted with lakes.
The county slopes to the north. The county has an area of 516 square miles, of which 496 square miles is land and 20 square miles is water; the Cannon River flows northeastwardly through the county, collecting the Straight River in Faribault. The North Fork of the Zumbro River has its headwaters in the county's southeastern part. Rice is one of 17 Minnesota savanna counties with more savanna soils than either prairie or forest soils; as of the 2000 United States Census, there were 56,665 people, 18,888 households, 13,353 families in the county. The population density was 114/sqmi. There were 20,061 housing units at an average density of 40.4/sqmi. The racial makeup of the county was 93.59% White, 1.31% Black or African American, 0.43% Native American, 1.46% Asian, 0.04% Pacific Islander, 1.87% from other races, 1.30% from two or more races. 5.50% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 32.1 % were of 7.2 % Irish and 5.3 % Czech ancestry. There were 18,888 households out of which 36.50% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 58.10% were married couples living together, 8.60% had a female householder with no husband present, 29.30% were non-families.
23.90% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.10% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.65 and the average family size was 3.14. The county population contained 25.30% under the age of 18, 15.80% from 18 to 24, 27.40% from 25 to 44, 20.20% from 45 to 64, 11.40% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 33 years. For every 100 females there were 101.80 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 100.30 males. The median income for a household in the county was $48,651, the median income for a family was $56,407. Males had a median income of $36,771 versus $26,151 for females; the per capita income for the county was $19,695. About 4.00% of families and 6.90% of the population were below the poverty line, including 5.70% of those under age 18 and 10.70% of those age 65 or over. Dennison Dundas Faribault Lonsdale Morristown Nerstrand Northfield Warsaw Rice County voters are traditionally Democratic. In 90% of national elections since 1980 has the county selected the Democratic Party candidate.
National Register of Historic Places listings in Rice County, Minnesota Rice County government’s website Rice County, Minnesota at Curlie
Waseca County Courthouse
The Waseca County Courthouse is the seat of government for Waseca County in Waseca, United States. The 1897 Richardsonian Romanesque building was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1982 for having state-level significance in the themes of architecture and politics/government, it was nominated for being the home of the county's government and for the role that achieving county seat status had on the development of the city. The Waseca County Courthouse is a two-story building of Kasota limestone and buff-colored brick, with a large bell- and clock-tower, it was designed by Minneapolis architects Orff and Joralemon and constructed by J. D. Carroll of St. Paul Park for $55,833, it features polished granite columns supporting triple arches at the entrance. The interior is decorated with wainscoting, oak woodwork, tiled fireplaces, etched glass, paneled doors, marble flooring; the construction of the Waseca County Courthouse embodies a surge of effort to relocate the county's seat of government.
With Waseca County's organization in 1857, Wilton had been given county seat status. A decade however, the Winona and St. Peter Railroad opted to route their tracks 4 miles north of Wilton through the unassuming town of Waseca. Efforts to move the county seat to the booming town culminated in a popular vote during the 1870 election; the proposal passed and the county's records and courthouse furniture were moved that night to a new facility in Waseca, which opened for business the following day. This facility was replaced by the current courthouse in 1897. List of county courthouses in Minnesota National Register of Historic Places listings in Waseca County, Minnesota Waseca County District Court
A county seat is an administrative center, seat of government, or capital city of a county or civil parish. The term is used in Canada, Romania and the United States. County towns have a similar function in the United Kingdom and Republic of Ireland, in Jamaica. In most of the United States, counties are the political subdivisions of a state; the city, town, or populated place that houses county government is known as the seat of its respective county. The county legislature, county courthouse, sheriff's department headquarters, hall of records and correctional facility are located in the county seat though some functions may be located or conducted in other parts of the county if it is geographically large. A county seat is but not always, an incorporated municipality; the exceptions include the county seats of counties that have no incorporated municipalities within their borders, such as Arlington County, Virginia. Ellicott City, the county seat of Howard County, is the largest unincorporated county seat in the United States, followed by Towson, the county seat of Baltimore County, Maryland.
Some county seats may not be incorporated in their own right, but are located within incorporated municipalities. For example, Cape May Court House, New Jersey, though unincorporated, is a section of Middle Township, an incorporated municipality. In some of the colonial states, county seats include or included "Court House" as part of their name. In the Canadian provinces of Prince Edward Island, New Brunswick, Nova Scotia, the term "shire town" is used in place of county seat. County seats in Taiwan are the administrative centers of the counties. There are 13 county seats in Taiwan, which are in the forms of county-administered city, urban township or rural township. Most counties have only one county seat. However, some counties in Alabama, Georgia, Kentucky, Mississippi, New Hampshire, New York, Vermont have two or more county seats located on opposite sides of the county. An example is Harrison County, which lists both Biloxi and Gulfport as county seats; the practice of multiple county seat towns dates from the days.
There have been few efforts to eliminate the two-seat arrangement, since a county seat is a source of pride for the towns involved. There are 36 counties with multiple county seats in 11 states: Coffee County, Alabama St. Clair County, Alabama Arkansas County, Arkansas Carroll County, Arkansas Clay County, Arkansas Craighead County, Arkansas Franklin County, Arkansas Logan County, Arkansas Mississippi County, Arkansas Prairie County, Arkansas Sebastian County, Arkansas Yell County, Arkansas Columbia County, Georgia Lee County, Iowa Campbell County, Kentucky Kenton County, Kentucky Essex County, Massachusetts Middlesex County, Massachusetts Plymouth County, Massachusetts Bolivar County, Mississippi Carroll County, Mississippi Chickasaw County, Mississippi Harrison County, Mississippi Hinds County, Mississippi Jasper County, Mississippi Jones County, Mississippi Panola County, Mississippi Tallahatchie County, Mississippi Yalobusha County, Mississippi Jackson County, Missouri Hillsborough County, New Hampshire Seneca County, New York Bennington County, Vermont In New England, the town, not the county, is the primary division of local government.
Counties in this region have served as dividing lines for the states' judicial systems. Connecticut and Rhode Island have no county level of thus no county seats. In Vermont and Maine the county seats are designated shire towns. County government consists only of a Superior Court and Sheriff, both located in the respective shire town. Bennington County has two shire towns. In Massachusetts, most government functions which would otherwise be performed by county governments in other states are performed by town or city governments; as such, Massachusetts has dissolved many of its county governments, the state government now operates the registries of deeds and sheriff's offices in those counties. In Virginia, a county seat may be an independent city surrounded by, but not part of, the county of which it is the administrative center. Two counties in South Dakota have their county seat and government services centered in a neighboring county, their county-level services are provided by Fall River Tripp County, respectively.
In Louisiana, divided into parishes rather than counties, county seats are referred to as parish seats. Alaska is divided into boroughs rather than counties; the Unorganized Borough, which covers 49 % of Alaska's area, has equivalent. The state with the most counties is Texas, with 254, the state with the fewest counties is Delaware, with 3. County seat war Administrative center County town, administrative centres in Ireland and the UK Chef-lieu, administrative centres in Algeria, Luxembourg, France and Tunisia Municipality, equivalent to county in many c