The Uline Arena renamed the Washington Coliseum, was an indoor arena in Washington, D. C. located at 1132, 1140, 1146 3rd Street, Washington, D. C.. It was the site of one President Dwight D. Eisenhower's inauguration ball in 1953, the first concert by The Beatles in the United States in 1964 and several other memorable moments in sports, show business, politics and in the civil rights movement of the 1960s, it was a major arena in Washington until the early 1970s. The arena was home to the Washington Capitols of the Basketball Association of America and National Basketball Association, who were once coached by Red Auerbach; the American Basketball Association's Washington Caps played there in 1969–1970. Once abandoned and used as a parking facility, today it has been renovated and houses offices and the REI DC Flagship store, it is directly adjacent to the railroad tracks heading into Union Station and bounded by L and M Street NE. It is located across from the NoMa–Gallaudet U station southern entrance.
Starting in 1938, the area of building an arena was in the works. Michael J. Uline, president of Capitol Garden Corp. was considering it June of that year but was waiting on a decision by the local government on whether or not they were going to build an arena of their own at the intersection of 4th Street NW and Constitution Avenue NW. Michael Uline held 68 patents and was a successful businessman from the Netherlands. By early 1940, the arena was under construction, it was however being criticized. On March 14, 1940, Coach Bill Reinhart of the George Washington University Basketball team was critical of the design: there were too many seats behind the backboards and not enough on the sidelines. On March 20, the architect, Joe Harry Lapish, responded to the criticism by stating that the arena would be able to house between 6,500 and 7,000 basketball spectators including 4,500 to 5,000 desirable seats on the sidelines. On December 28, 1940, while the arena was nearing completion, Michael Uline announced that it would open on January 28, 1941 and would present a 15-performance engagement of "Ice-Capades of 1941" in 13 days which would end on February 9.
More details of the interior where shared. The heated arena would feature arm-rest seats, each with a complete and unhindered view of the ice by post supports and beams; the ice surface would be the biggest in the country. It would be frozen using the Vedder system connected to the plant located next door which would provide the brine by-pass. Raoul Le Mat was General Manager; the following day, further details of the 1941 program was announced. A rodeo was planned and other activities were in the works: roller follies, a defense exposition a Cherry Blossom Festival, professional and amateur hockey and college basketball were considered. On January 9, 1941, the owner announced that the arena had been awarded the Indoor Speed Skating Championship by the National Amateur Ice Skating Union to take place on February 22 and 23, 1941. All the speed skating stars from the country would be present for the event including Leo Freisinger, it was announced that Eddie Bean, a well-known local golfer would become the new Ticket Sale Director for the Uline Arena.
He had handled the ticket sales of the Washington Baseball Club and of the Redskins for a decade. On January 22, it was announced that the third boxing performance between Joey Archibald and Harry Jeffra would take place on February 18, 1941; the following day, it was announced by the Evening Star that Mr. Uline had purchased an American Hockey League team to be known as the Washington Ulines, it was to be in fact the Washington Lions. It would become a step up over the other Washington hockey team, the Washington Eagles in the Eastern Hockey League. Mr. Uline had considered getting a National Hockey League team but due to the maintenance cost had decided to go with the American Hockey League instead; the Uline rick opened on January 28, 1941 with the Ice-Capades. The show took place in front of 3,000 people; the space in what was described as a "concrete cavern" was well received by the public. However, it seems that the ice was faulty, to be remediated by the following night: the "blades cut the brittle surface like snowball scrapers and precipitated several unscheduled spills".
On February 10, 1941, Sonja Henie's Hollywood Ice Revue went on the ice in the Uline Arena. The first Hockey game to take place in the arena was between Georgetown University Hoyas and Temple University Owls on February 15, 1941; the first boxing match was on March 6, 1941 between Billy Conn and Daniel Hassett in preparation for the match between Billy Conn and Joe Louis. Soon after it opened, the Uline Arena offered public skating every day: weekdays and Sundays from 2 pm to 4:30 pm and 8:30 pm to 11 pm, it offered Saturday morning sessions from 10:00am to 12:30 pm. Admission was 35 cents for 55 cents in the evening. Children's admission was 35 cents in the evening. On November 3, 1941, just a few weeks before the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor brought the United States into the war on December 7, 1941, the Pageant of American Freedom took place at the Uline Arena, it was variety show by Ben Hecht and Charles MacArthur with a 200 chorus of 90 voices and an Orchestra. All proceeds went to the D.
C. Defense Council and the ad featured Mickey Mouse, Donald Duck and Goofy waving a flag, playing the drums and the flute, it appears. On January 30, 1942, President Franklin D. Roosevelt celebrated his 60th birthday, it was a nationwide celebrati
Mexico the United Mexican States, is a country in the southern portion of North America. It is bordered to the north by the United States. Covering 2,000,000 square kilometres, the nation is the fifth largest country in the Americas by total area and the 13th largest independent state in the world. With an estimated population of over 120 million people, the country is the eleventh most populous state and the most populous Spanish-speaking state in the world, while being the second most populous nation in Latin America after Brazil. Mexico is a federation comprising 31 states and Mexico City, a special federal entity, the capital city and its most populous city. Other metropolises in the state include Guadalajara, Puebla, Tijuana and León. Pre-Columbian Mexico dates to about 8000 BC and is identified as one of five cradles of civilization and was home to many advanced Mesoamerican civilizations such as the Olmec, Teotihuacan, Zapotec and Aztec before first contact with Europeans. In 1521, the Spanish Empire conquered and colonized the territory from its politically powerful base in Mexico-Tenochtitlan, administered as the viceroyalty of New Spain.
Three centuries the territory became a nation state following its recognition in 1821 after the Mexican War of Independence. The post-independence period was tumultuous, characterized by economic inequality and many contrasting political changes; the Mexican–American War led to a territorial cession of the extant northern territories to the United States. The Pastry War, the Franco-Mexican War, a civil war, two empires, the Porfiriato occurred in the 19th century; the Porfiriato was ended by the start of the Mexican Revolution in 1910, which culminated with the promulgation of the 1917 Constitution and the emergence of the country's current political system as a federal, democratic republic. Mexico has the 11th largest by purchasing power parity; the Mexican economy is linked to those of its 1994 North American Free Trade Agreement partners the United States. In 1994, Mexico became the first Latin American member of the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development, it is classified as an upper-middle income country by the World Bank and a newly industrialized country by several analysts.
The country is considered both a regional power and a middle power, is identified as an emerging global power. Due to its rich culture and history, Mexico ranks first in the Americas and seventh in the world for number of UNESCO World Heritage Sites. Mexico is an ecologically megadiverse country, ranking fourth in the world for its biodiversity. Mexico receives a huge number of tourists every year: in 2018, it was the sixth most-visited country in the world, with 39 million international arrivals. Mexico is a member of the United Nations, the World Trade Organization, the G8+5, the G20, the Uniting for Consensus group of the UN, the Pacific Alliance trade bloc. Mēxihco is the Nahuatl term for the heartland of the Aztec Empire, namely the Valley of Mexico and surrounding territories, with its people being known as the Mexica, it is believed to be a toponym for the valley which became the primary ethnonym for the Aztec Triple Alliance as a result, although it could have been the other way around.
In the colonial era, back when Mexico was called New Spain this territory became the Intendency of Mexico and after New Spain achieved independence from the Spanish Empire it came to be known as the State of Mexico with the new country being named after its capital: the City of Mexico, which itself was founded in 1524 on top of the ancient Mexica capital of Mexico-Tenochtitlan. Traditionally, the name Tenochtitlan was thought to come from Nahuatl tetl and nōchtli and is thought to mean "Among the prickly pears rocks". However, one attestation in the late 16th-century manuscript known as "the Bancroft dialogues" suggests the second vowel was short, so that the true etymology remains uncertain; the suffix -co is the Nahuatl locative, making the word a place name. Beyond that, the etymology is uncertain, it has been suggested that it is derived from Mextli or Mēxihtli, a secret name for the god of war and patron of the Mexica, Huitzilopochtli, in which case Mēxihco means "place where Huitzilopochtli lives".
Another hypothesis suggests that Mēxihco derives from a portmanteau of the Nahuatl words for "moon" and navel. This meaning might refer to Tenochtitlan's position in the middle of Lake Texcoco; the system of interconnected lakes, of which Texcoco formed the center, had the form of a rabbit, which the Mesoamericans pareidolically associated with the moon rabbit. Still another hypothesis suggests that the word is derived from Mēctli, the name of the goddess of maguey; the name of the city-state was transliterated to Spanish as México with the phonetic value of the letter x in Medieval Spanish, which represented the voiceless postalveolar fricative. This sound, as well as the voiced postalveolar fricative, represented by a j, evolved into a voiceless velar fricative during the 16th century; this led to the use of the variant Méjico in many publications in Spanish, most notably in Spain, whereas in Mexico and most other Spanish–speaking countries, México was the preferred spelling. In recent years, the Real Academia Española, which regulates the Spanish l
National Hockey League
The National Hockey League is a professional ice hockey league in North America comprising 31 teams: 24 in the United States and 7 in Canada. The NHL is considered to be the premier professional ice hockey league in the world, one of the major professional sports leagues in the United States and Canada; the Stanley Cup, the oldest professional sports trophy in North America, is awarded annually to the league playoff champion at the end of each season. The National Hockey League was organized on November 26, 1917, at the Windsor Hotel in Montreal after the suspension of operations of its predecessor organization, the National Hockey Association, founded in 1909 in Renfrew, Ontario; the NHL took the NHA's place as one of the leagues that contested for the Stanley Cup in an annual interleague competition before a series of league mergers and folds left the NHL as the only league left competing for the Stanley Cup in 1926. At its inception, the NHL had four teams—all in Canada, thus the adjective "National" in the league's name.
The league expanded to the United States in 1924, when the Boston Bruins joined, has since consisted of American and Canadian teams. From 1942 to 1967, the league had only six teams, collectively nicknamed the "Original Six"; the NHL added six new teams to double its size at the 1967 NHL expansion. The league increased to 18 teams by 1974 and 21 teams in 1979. Between 1991 and 2000, the NHL further expanded to 30 teams, it added its 31st team in 2017 and has approved the addition of a 32nd team in 2021. The league's headquarters have been in New York City since 1989 when the head office moved there from Montreal. After a labour-management dispute that led to the cancellation of the entire 2004–05 season, the league resumed play in 2005–06 under a new collective agreement that included a salary cap. In 2009, the NHL enjoyed record highs in terms of sponsorships and television audiences; the International Ice Hockey Federation considers the Stanley Cup to be one of the "most important championships available to the sport".
The NHL draws many skilled players from all over the world and has players from 20 countries. Canadians have constituted the majority of the players in the league, with an increasing percentage of American and European players in recent seasons; the current NHL Champions are the Washington Capitals, who defeated the Vegas Golden Knights four games to one in the 2018 Stanley Cup Finals. The National Hockey League was established in 1917 as the successor to the National Hockey Association. Founded in 1909, the NHA began play one year with seven teams in Ontario and Quebec, was one of the first major leagues in professional ice hockey, but by the NHA's eighth season, a series of disputes with Toronto Blueshirts owner Eddie Livingstone led team owners of the Montreal Canadiens, Montreal Wanderers, Ottawa Senators, Quebec Bulldogs to hold a meeting to discuss the league's future. Realizing the NHA constitution left them unable to force Livingstone out, the four teams voted instead to suspend the NHA, on November 26, 1917, formed the National Hockey League.
Frank Calder was chosen as its first president, serving until his death in 1943. The Bulldogs were unable to play, the remaining owners created a new team in Toronto, the Arenas, to compete with the Canadiens and Senators; the first games were played on December 19, 1917. The Montreal Arena burned down in January 1918, causing the Wanderers to cease operations, the NHL continued on as a three-team league until the Bulldogs returned in 1919; the NHL replaced the NHA as one of the leagues that competed for the Stanley Cup, an interleague competition back then. Toronto won the first NHL title, defeated the Vancouver Millionaires of the Pacific Coast Hockey Association for the 1918 Stanley Cup; the Canadiens won the league title in 1919. Montreal in 1924 won their first Stanley Cup as a member of the NHL; the Hamilton Tigers, won the regular season title in 1924–25 but refused to play in the championship series unless they were given a C$200 bonus. The league refused and declared the Canadiens the league champion after they defeated the Toronto St. Patricks in the semi-final.
Montreal was defeated by the Victoria Cougars of the Western Canada Hockey League for the 1925 Stanley Cup. It was the last time a non-NHL team won the trophy, as the Stanley Cup became the de facto NHL championship in 1926 after the WCHL ceased operation; the National Hockey League embarked on rapid expansion in the 1920s, adding the Montreal Maroons and Boston Bruins in 1924. The Bruins were the first American team in the league; the New York Americans began play in 1925 after purchasing the assets of the Hamilton Tigers, were joined by the Pittsburgh Pirates. The New York Rangers were added in 1926; the Chicago Black Hawks and Detroit Cougars were added after the league purchased the assets of the defunct WCHL. A group purchased the Toronto St. Patricks in 1927 and renamed them the Maple Leafs; the first NHL All-Star Game was held in 1934 to benefit Ace Bailey, whose career ended on a vicious hit by Eddie Shore. The second was held in 1937 in support of Howie Morenz's family when he died of a coronary embolism after breaking his leg during a game.
The Great Depression and the onset of World War II took a toll on the league. The Pirates became the Philadelphia Quakers in 1930 folded one year later; the Senators became the St. Louis Eagles in 1934 lasting only one
1968 Washington, D.C. riots
The Washington, D. C. riots of 1968 were 4 days of riots in Washington, D. C. that followed the assassination of civil rights activist Martin Luther King Jr. on April 4, 1968. The King assassination riots affected at least 110 U. S. cities. The ready availability of jobs in the growing United States government attracted many people to Washington in the 1960s, middle class African-American neighborhoods prospered. While the black middle-class community prospered, the lower class was plagued by poor living conditions and fell deeper into poverty. Despite the end of mandated racial segregation after the 1954 decision of Brown v. Board of Education, the neighborhoods of Shaw, the Atlas District Northeast corridor, Columbia Heights remained the centers of African-American commercial life in the city. Housing in washington DC was segregated. Most of the slums in the city were in the southern quarter of the city, most of the inhabitants of these slums were black; the United States Commission on Civil Rights said in a government report on segregation in Washington, D.
C. that housing was much harder to attain than for whites, of the housing blacks could find within the city's border was in worse condition than the housing of their white counterparts. The same federal council stated that it was HUD’s segregationist zoning plot for the city, to blame for housing inequality. HUD came under fire from a group called ACCESS when they protested HUD for giving federal money to buildings that restricted blacks from living in. Ghettoization resulting from housing discrimination led into a feedback loop of low property taxes and low funding for public schools in DC, with many white parents sending children to private schools. Two thirds of D. C.'s population was black. Striking statistics such as one out of three ninth grade public school students ending up graduating gave way to rising frustration from the black majority towards the white government and only gave way to louder and louder cries for home rule; the federal government granted $5.5 million under Title 1 of the American Secondary and Elementary Schools act but none of that money went to majority black schools.
With 80 percent of the police force being white and 67 percent of the city being black tension between police and citizens rose along with tension between whites and blacks before 1968. The militarization of the police which started in the south in the Sixties to put a buffer on civil rights protests left inner city blacks nationwide more scared of police than ever. In the years leading up to 1968 there were many incidents in which Washington's black community held protests and turned angry against white police officers. In 1965, the same time and place as Martin Luther King worked with white lawmakers to pass the civil rights act, two white Washington, D. C. police officers arrested a group of black boys with ages ranging from 12 to 16 for playing basketball in an alley. This prompted majority black crowds to gather around police stations around the city throwing rocks and in some cases firecrackers; these small disorderly protests would happen multiple times before the end of 1965. There were three programs put in place after a long string of controversial arrests of black people by white officers.
Firstly, a police run Department of Community Relations, a citizen-run Advisory Council for every precinct, a Complaint Review Board made up of citizens that would look over complaints thrown out by the police chief and see if the complaint warranted a look at a repeal by the mayor. In 1968, before the riots began, a popular black D. C. reverend said that black citizen and white cop relations had reached a "danger point." In June 1967, the national unemployment rate was 4% for white Americans and 8.4% for non-white Americans. In Washington, D. C. non-white unemployment was over 30% for much of the 1960s, many times higher than national rates. On the evening of Thursday, April 4, as word of King's assassination in Memphis, Tennessee spread, crowds began to gather at the intersection of 14th and U Streets. Stokely Carmichael, the militant civil and political rights activist who had parted with King in 1966 and had been removed as head of the Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee in 1967, led members of the SNCC to stores in the neighborhood demanding that they close out of respect.
Although polite at first, the crowd began breaking windows. Carmichael, who supported the riots, told rioters to "go home and get your guns."The disturbances began when a window was broken at the People's Drug Store at the intersection of 14th and U Streets, NW. An hour and half by 11 p.m. window-smashing and looting spread throughout the area. Looting occurred where there was little police protection; the local police department could not handle the disturbance, as one officer said, "This situation is out of control, we need help it's too much for us to handle." The civil disturbance unit was activated, but by the time order was restored around 3 a.m. 200 stores had their windows broken and 150 stores were looted, most of them emptied. Liquor stores were hardest hit. Black store owners wrote "Soul Brother" on their storefronts so that rioters would spare their stores; the D. C. fire department reported 1,180 fires between March 30 and April 14 of 1968 as arsonists set buildings ablaze. The next morning, Mayor-Commissioner Walter Washington ordered.
However, at 10 a.m. anger was still evident when Carmichael addressed a rally, saying "white America has declared war on black America", there is "no
The Washington Capitals are a professional ice hockey team based in Washington, D. C, they are members of the Metropolitan Division of the Eastern Conference of the National Hockey League. The Capitals are owned by Monumental Entertainment, headed by Ted Leonsis. From 1974 to 1997 the Capitals played their home games in Landover, Maryland. In 1997 the team moved to the arena now called Capital One Arena, their present home arena in Washington, D. C; the Capitals were founded in 1974 alongside the Kansas City Scouts. Since purchasing the team in 1999, Leonsis revitalized the franchise by drafting star players such as Alexander Ovechkin, Nicklas Backstrom, Mike Green and Braden Holtby; the 2009–10 Capitals won the franchise's first Presidents' Trophy for being the team with the most points at the end of the regular season. They won it a second time in 2015–16, did so for a third time the following season in 2016–17. In addition to eleven division titles and three Presidents' Trophies, the Capitals have reached the Stanley Cup Finals in 1998 and 2018, winning in the latter.
The Capitals have retired the use of four numbers in honor of four players. In addition, the team holds an association with a number of individuals inducted into the Hockey Hall of Fame; the Capitals are presently affiliated with two minor league teams, the Hershey Bears of the American Hockey League, the South Carolina Stingrays of the ECHL. Along with the Kansas City Scouts, the Capitals joined the NHL as an expansion team for the 1974–75 season; the team was owned by Abe Pollin. Pollin had built the Capital Centre in suburban Landover, Maryland to house both the Bullets and the Capitals, his first act as owner was to hire Hall of Famer Milt Schmidt as general manager. With a combined 30 teams between the NHL and the World Hockey Association, the available talent was stretched thin; the Capitals had few players with professional experience and were at a disadvantage against the long-standing teams that were stocked with veteran players. Like the other three teams who joined the league during the WHA era—the Scouts, Atlanta Flames, New York Islanders—the Capitals did not factor the survival of the rival league into their plans.
The Capitals' inaugural season was dreadful by expansion standards. They finished with far and away the worst record in the league at 8–67–5; the eight wins are the fewest for an NHL team playing at least 70 games, the.131 winning percentage is still the worst in NHL history. They set records for most road losses, most consecutive road losses, most consecutive losses. Head coach Jim Anderson said, "I'd rather find out my wife was cheating on me than keep losing like this. At least I could tell my wife to cut it out." Schmidt himself had to take over the coaching reins late in the season. In 1975–76, Washington went 25 straight games without a win and allowed 394 goals en route to another horrendous record: 11–59–10. In the middle of the season, Schmidt was replaced as general manager by Max McNab and as head coach by Tom McVie. For the rest of the 1970s and early 1980s, the Capitals alternated between dreadful seasons and finishing only a few points out of the Stanley Cup playoffs; the one bright spot during these years of futility was that many of McNab's draft picks would impact the team for years to come, either as important members of the roster or as crucial pieces in major trades.
Pollin stuck it out through the Capitals' first decade though they were barely competitive. This stood in contrast to the Scouts. By the summer of 1982, there was serious talk of the team moving out of the U. S. capital, a "Save the Caps" campaign was underway. Two significant events took place to revive the franchise. First, the team hired David Poile as general manager. Second, as his first move, Poile pulled off one of the largest trades in franchise history on September 9, 1982, when he dealt longtime regulars Ryan Walter and Rick Green to the Montreal Canadiens in exchange for Rod Langway, Brian Engblom, Doug Jarvis and Craig Laughlin; this move turned the franchise around, as Langway's solid defense helped the team to reduce its goals-against, the explosive goal-scoring of Dennis Maruk, Mike Gartner and Bobby Carpenter fueled the offensive attack. Another significant move was the drafting of defenseman Scott Stevens during the 1982 NHL Entry Draft; the result was a 29-point jump, a third-place finish in the powerful Patrick Division, the team's first playoff appearance in 1983.
Although they were eliminated by the three-time-defending Stanley Cup champion New York Islanders, the Caps' dramatic turnaround ended any talk of the club leaving Washington. The Capitals would make the playoffs for each of the next 14 years in a row, becoming known for starting slow before catching fire in January and February. However, regular-season
Charles Eugene "Pat" Boone is an American singer, actor, television personality, motivational speaker, spokesman. He was a successful pop singer in the United States during early 1960s, he sold more than 45 million records, had 38 top-40 hits, appeared in more than 12 Hollywood films. According to Billboard, Boone was the second-biggest charting artist of the late 1950s, behind only Elvis Presley, was ranked at No. 9 in its listing of the Top 100 Top 40 Artists 1955–1995. Until the 2010s, Boone held the Billboard record for spending 220 consecutive weeks on the charts with one or more songs each week. At the age of 23, he began hosting a half-hour ABC variety television series, The Pat Boone Chevy Showroom, which aired for 115 episodes. Many musical performers, including Edie Adams, Andy Williams, Pearl Bailey, Johnny Mathis, made appearances on the show, his cover versions of rhythm and blues hits had a noticeable effect on the development of the broad popularity of rock and roll. Elvis Presley was the opening act for a 1955 Pat Boone show in Ohio.
As an author, Boone had a number-one bestseller in the 1950s. In the 1960s, he is a member of the Gospel Music Hall of Fame, he continues to perform and speak as a motivational speaker, a television personality, a conservative political commentator. Boone was born on June 1, 1934, in Jacksonville, the son of Margaret Virginia and Archie Altman Boone, he was raised in Nashville, where his family moved when he was two years old. Boone graduated in 1952 from David Lipscomb High School in Nashville, his younger brother, whose professional name is Nick Todd, was a pop singer in the 1950s and is now a church music leader. In a 2007 interview on The 700 Club, Boone claimed that he is the great-great-great-great grandson of the American pioneer Daniel Boone, he is a cousin of two stars of Western television series: Richard Boone of CBS's Have Gun – Will Travel and Randy Boone, of NBC's The Virginian and CBS's Cimarron Strip. In November 1953, when he was 19 years old, Boone married Chicago-born Tennesseean Shirley Lee Foley 19 years old, daughter of country music great Red Foley and his wife, singer Judy Martin.
They had four daughters: Cheryl "Cherry” Lynn, Linda “Lindy” Lee, Deborah "Debby” Ann, Laura “Laury” Gene. Starting in the late 1950s, Boone and his family were residents of New Jersey. Shirley Boone was television personality than her husband, she founded a hunger-relief Christian ministry, Mercy Corps. She died in 2019, aged 84, at her Beverly Hills home from complications from vasculitis, which she had contracted less than a year earlier, he attended David Lipscomb College, Lipscomb University in Nashville. He graduated in 1958 from Columbia University School of General Studies magna cum laude having attended North Texas State University, now known as the University of North Texas, in Denton, Texas. Boone began his career by performing in Nashville's Centennial Park, he began recording in 1954 for Republic Records, by 1955, for Dot Records. His 1955 version of Fats Domino's "Ain't That a Shame" was a hit; this set the stage for the early part of Boone's career, which focused on covering R&B songs by black artists for a white American market.
Randy Wood, the owner of Dot, had issued an R&B single by the Griffin Brothers in 1951 called "Tra La La-a"—a different song from the LaVern Baker one—and he was keen to put out another version after the original had failed. This became the B side of the first Boone single "Two Hearts Two Kisses" by the Charms – whose "Hearts Of Stone" had been covered by the label's Fontane Sisters. Once the Boone version was in the shops, it spawned more covers by the Crew-Cuts, Doris Day, Frank Sinatra. A number-one single in 1956 by Boone was a second cover and a revival of a seven-year-old song "I Almost Lost My Mind", by Ivory Joe Hunter, covered by another black star, Nat King Cole. According to an opinion poll of high-school students in 1957, the singer was nearly the "two-to-one favorite over Elvis Presley among boys and preferred three-to-one by girls..." During the late 1950s, he made regular appearances on ABC-TV's Ozark Jubilee, hosted by his father-in-law. He cultivated a safe, advertiser-friendly image that won him a long-term product endorsement contract from General Motors during the late 1950s, lasting through the 1960s.
He succeeded Dinah Shore singing the praises of the GM product: "See the USA in your Chevrolet... drive your Chevrolet through the USA, America's the greatest land of all!" GM had sponsored The Pat Boone Chevy Showroom. In the 1989 documentary Roger & Me, Boone stated that he first was given a Chevrolet Corvette from the GM product line, but after his wife and he started having children, at one child a year over five years, GM supplied him with a station wagon, as well. Many of Boone's hit singles were covers of hits from black R&B artists; these included: "Ain't That a Shame" by Fats Domino. Boone wrote the lyrics for the instrumental theme song for the movie Exodus, which he titled "This Land Is Mine"; as a conservative Christian, Boone declined certain songs and movie roles that he felt might compromise his beliefs—inc
The Carolina Cougars were a basketball franchise in the former American Basketball Association that existed from late 1969 through 1974. The Cougars were a charter member of the ABA as the Houston Mavericks in 1967; the Mavericks moved to North Carolina in late 1969 after two unsuccessful seasons in Houston at the Sam Houston Coliseum. The Carolina Cougars franchise began when future Lieutenant Governor of North Carolina Jim Gardner bought the Houston Mavericks and moved them to North Carolina in 1969. At the time, none of North Carolina's large metropolitan areas--Charlotte, the Piedmont Triad and the Triangle—was large enough to support a professional team on its own. With this in mind, Gardner decided to brand the Cougars as a "regional" team; the Cougars were based in Greensboro and played most of their home games at the Greensboro Coliseum, the state's largest arena at the time. However, some games were played in Charlotte at the Charlotte Coliseum, Raleigh at Dorton Arena and Reynolds Coliseum, in Winston-Salem at the Winston-Salem Memorial Coliseum.
Early on, the Cougars were not successful on the court, posting a 42-42 record in the 1969–70 season, a 34-50 record in 1970–71, a 35-49 record in 1971–72. Only the 1969–70 Cougars managed to make the ABA playoffs but lost in the Eastern Division Semifinals to a much stronger Indiana Pacers team. In spite of this, the Cougars had a good fan following in Greensboro; the 1971–72 team was coached by former NBA All-Star Tom Meschery, who had just retired from 10 years of NBA play with the San Francisco Warriors and the Seattle SuperSonics. Gardner sold the team after one season to Tedd Munchak, who poured significant resources into the team. In 1972–73, the Cougars hired retired ABA players Larry Brown and former Cougar Doug Moe as coaches; the 1972–73 Cougars were talented and featured players Billy Cunningham, Joe Caldwell, Mack Calvin. All three appeared in the ABA All-Star Game that season, Cunningham was named the league's Most Valuable Player. Carolina went on to post a 57-27 record, the best in the ABA.
The Cougars beat the New York Nets in their first-round playoff series 4 games to 1, but lost a close series to the Kentucky Colonels 4 games to 3 in the Eastern Division finals. There were many upset and disappointed fans in Greensboro when the Cougars decided to hold game 7 of the series in Charlotte. Of the 42 scheduled regular season home games, 25 were scheduled for Greensboro while only 12 were played in Charlotte. With Cougar management having the choice of city to play game 7, it mystified its Greensboro area fans with the choice to play such a pivotal game on a less familiar court. Game 7 was hotly contested but Kentucky prevailed, much to Cougar fans dismay. Due to injuries and internal squabbles, the 1973–74 Cougars posted a 47-37 record but was swept in the Eastern Division semifinals 4 games to 0 by the Kentucky Colonels, it turned out to be the Cougars' last season in North Carolina. Although they were moderately successful overall and had one of the most loyal fan bases in the ABA, talks toward an ABA–NBA merger were in the final stages, it had become apparent that a "regional" franchise would not be viable in the NBA.
Although the Charlotte/Greensboro/Raleigh axis was beginning an unprecedented period of growth that still continues to this day, neither city was big enough at the time to support an NBA team on its own. Additionally, several persons quoted in the book Loose Balls by Terry Pluto say the added travel expenses incurred by the regional concept proved insurmountable. Munchak sold the Cougars to a consortium of New York businessmen headed by brothers Ozzie and Daniel Silna, who moved to St. Louis as the Spirits of St. Louis. However, the new owners assembled an entirely new team after moving to St. Louis; the Spirits were one of two teams that lasted until the end of the league but not join the NBA. At the time of the ABA–NBA merger, the Spirits' owners planned to move the team to Salt Lake City, Utah to play as the Utah Rockies. Professional basketball would return to North Carolina in 1988 when the Charlotte Hornets entered the NBA; that franchise moved to New Orleans in 2002. However, Charlotte did receive a new expansion club.
In 2014, one year after the New Orleans Hornets were renamed the New Orleans Pelicans, the Bobcats were renamed the Hornets and inherited the original franchise's records and legacy from its 1988–2002 Charlotte period. Since 2012, the Cougars' uniforms are used by the Bobcats/Hornets under the NBA Hardwood Classics moniker. Note: W = Wins, L = Losses, % = Win–Loss % Remember the ABA: Carolina Cougars Remember the ABA: Carolina Cougars year-to-year rosters