Yamhill County, Oregon
Yamhill County is a county in the U. S. state of Oregon. As of the 2010 census, the population was 99,193; the county seat is McMinnville. The name's origin is an explorer's name for a local Native American tribe, the Yamhill, who are part of the North Kalapuyan family. Yamhill County is part of the OR-WA Metropolitan Statistical Area, it is in the Willamette Valley. The earliest known inhabitants of the area were the Yamhill Indians, who have inhabited the area for over 8000 years, they are one of the tribes incorporated into the Confederated Tribes of the Grand Ronde. In 1857 they were forced to migrate to the Grand Ronde Indian Reservation created in Oregon's Coastal Range two years earlier; the earliest non-native settlers were employees of the various fur companies operating in Oregon Country, who started settling there around 1814. But it was the establishment of the Oregon Trail. Yamhill District was created on July 5, 1843, five years before the Oregon Territory was established, it was one of the original four districts created by Oregon's first Provisional Legislature, along with Twality and Champooick counties.
The district was over 12,000 square miles, an area, broken up into twelve present-day counties. Lafayette, the principal trading center of the western Willamette Valley in early Oregon history, was made the county seat in 1847; the county government was moved to McMinnville where it remains today. The Mount Hebo Air Force Station was a Cold War air defense installation from 1956 to 1980. Located next to Tillamook County, at the top of 3,154-foot high Mount Hebo, Air Force radars operated by the 689th Radar Squadron and the 14th Missile Warning Squadron were essential parts of the nation's integrated air defenses; the large radomes protecting the radars from adverse weather effects could be seen silhouetted against the sky from many parts of Yamhill County. In 1900 a Yamhill River lock and dam lock and dam was completed about 1.5 miles downriver from Lafayette, Oregon. The lock was decommissioned in 1954; the dam was deliberately destroyed in 1963 to allow better passage for salmon on the river.
The site of the lock and dam is now a county park. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 718 square miles, of which 716 square miles is land and 2.5 square miles is water. It is the fifth-smallest county in Oregon by area; the tallest mountain in the county is Trask Mountain in the northwest corner of the county. Clackamas County Marion County Polk County Tillamook County Washington County Siuslaw National Forest Tualatin River National Wildlife Refuge As of the census of 2000, there were 84,992 people, 28,732 households, 21,376 families residing in the county; the population density was 119 people per square mile. There were 30,270 housing units at an average density of 42 per square mile; the racial makeup of the county is 88.98% White, 1.47% Native American, 1.07% Asian, 0.85% Black or African American, 0.12% Pacific Islander, 5.08% from other races, 2.42% from two or more races. 10.61% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 19.6% were of German, 11.4% English, 9.5% American and 8.4% Irish ancestry.
There were 28,732 households out of which 37.40% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 60.00% were married couples living together, 9.90% had a female householder with no husband present, 25.60% were non-families. 19.70% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.40% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.78 and the average family size was 3.17. In the county, the population was spread out with 26.90% under the age of 18, 11.40% from 18 to 24, 28.50% from 25 to 44, 21.40% from 45 to 64, 11.70% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 34 years. For every 100 females, there were 102.20 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 101.30 males. The median income for a household in the county is $44,111, the median income for a family was $50,336. Males had a median income of $35,686 versus $25,254 for females; the per capita income for the county was $18,951. About 6.00% of families and 9.20% of the population were below the poverty line, including 10.10% of those under age 18 and 7.50% of those age 65 or over.
As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 99,193 people, 34,726 households, 25,020 families residing in the county. The population density was 138.6 inhabitants per square mile. There were 37,110 housing units at an average density of 51.8 per square mile. The racial makeup of the county was 85.4% white, 1.5% Asian, 1.5% American Indian, 0.9% black or African American, 0.2% Pacific islander, 7.2% from other races, 3.3% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 14.7% of the population. In terms of ancestry, 23.6% were German, 13.7% were English, 12.2% were Irish, 5.0% were American. Of the 34,726 households, 35.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 56.0% were married couples living together, 11.1% had a female householder with no husband present, 28.0% were non-families, 21.7% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.70 and the average family size was 3.12. The median age was 36.8 years. The median income for a household in the county was $52,485 and the median income for a family was $61,524.
Males had a median income of $44,946 versus $33,717 for females. The per capita income for the county was $24,017. About 9.0% o
Oregon Route 47
Oregon Route 47 is an Oregon state highway that runs between the Willamette Valley, near McMinnville, the city of Clatskanie, along the Columbia River in the northwest part of the state. OR 47 traverses several highways of the Oregon state highway system: part of the Tualatin Valley Highway No. 29, part of the Nehalem Highway No. 102, part of the Sunset Highway No. 47, the Mist–Clatskanie Highway No. 110. Oregon Route 47 begins at a junction with Oregon Route 99W between the cities of McMinnville and Lafayette; this stretch is known as the Tualatin Valley Highway. It continues north along the western edge of the Willamette Valley, it passes through parts of Oregon's wine country, through small towns such as Carlton and Gaston. The first large city encountered is Forest Grove. A bypass around the east side of town avoids the downtown area. In Forest Grove, OR 47 intersects Oregon Route 8, the Tualatin Valley Highway leaves Oregon Route 47, continues east towards Hillsboro and Beaverton on Oregon Route 8.
North of the intersection, OR 47 is known as the Nehalem Highway. It continues north. North of Banks, OR 47 shares an alignment for about 4 miles with U. S. Route 26 over the Sunset Highway, which is—a bit confusingly—Highway 47. North of Manning, OR 47 and US 26 part ways. OR 47 continues north, following the North Fork of Dairy Creek to its source and passing L. L. "Stub" Stewart Memorial State Park and shortly thereafter reaching the summit called "Tophill" where the highway departs the Willamette River drainage and enters the Nehalem drainage. From Tophill, the highway winds down to a tributary of the Nehalem River and finds the Nehalem River at the extinct community of Treharne. Though in the mountainous Northern Oregon Coast Range, the Nehalem Highway itself is just winding, as it follows the banks of the Nehalem River all the way to Jewell, passing through Vernonia and Pittsburg. However, Pittsburg is little more than a road junction where the Scappoose-Vernonia Road breaks off and heads up the East Fork of the Nehalem River for Scappoose, Oregon.
A few miles further north, Route 47 reaches the Apiary junction with destinations for Apiary and Rainier. The Apiary road is popular with truckers as it does not have the restrictive length limitations which are applied to OR 47 North of Mist or Oregon Route 202 west of Jewell because of numerous short turns. After the town of Mist, the Nehalem Highway continues west towards Astoria as Oregon Route 202; this stretch of OR 47 is rather mountainous, with steep grades. OR 47 descends out of the mountains into the Columbia River basin, ends in the city of Clatskanie at an intersection with U. S. Route 30. Milepoints are as reported by ODOT and do not reflect current mileage. Z indicates overlapping mileage due to construction longer than established route, – indicates negative mileage behind established beginning point. Segments that are locally maintained may be omitted. For routes traversing multiple named state highways, each milepoint is preceded by the corresponding state highway number
Forest Grove, Oregon
Forest Grove is a city in Washington County, United States, 25 miles west of Portland. A small farm town, it is now a bedroom suburb of Portland. Settled in the 1840s, the town was platted in 1850 incorporated in 1872, making it the first city in Washington County; the population was 21,083 at the 2010 census, an increase of 19.1% over the 2000 figure. Located in the Tualatin Valley, Oregon routes 8, 47 pass through Forest Grove with 47 and 8 signed as the Tualatin Valley Highway south and east of the main part of the city Oregon Route 8 signed as Gales Creek Road west of the city, Oregon Route 47 signed as the Nehalem Highway north of the city. Pacific University has been the most distinctive aspect of the town throughout its history. Old College Hall on campus is listed on the National Register of Historic Places along with nine other structures in the city. Local employers include the university as well as Tuality Forest Grove Hospital. Prior to the 1840s when Euro-Americans settled the area, the Atfalati band of the Kalapuya Native American tribe lived on the Tualatin Plains in what is now Forest Grove.
In 1841, Alvin T. and Abigail Smith were among the earliest to use the Oregon Trail and settled on what was first known as West Tualatin Plain. They overwintered with Henry Harmon Spalding. Intending to be missionaries, they found little potential as most of the natives had succumbed to European diseases. Smith served as the community's first postmaster beginning on February 1, 1850, his log cabin served as the post office. According to Oregon Geographic Names, the name Forest Grove was selected on January 10, 1851, at a meeting of the trustees of Tualatin Academy. Resident and school trustee J. Quinn Thornton suggested the name, which he had used for the name of his homestead; the name referred to a grove of oak trees that still stand on what is now the campus of the university. Previous post offices in the area were called Tuality Plains and Tualatin, with Forest Grove adopted on December 31, 1858; the city was platted in 1850. In 1860, the population reached 430, but declined to 396 in 1870.
Forest Grove was incorporated by the first in the county. In 1880, the now Chemawa Indian School opened in the city to train Native Americans, but moved to Salem in 1884; the city started the Fire Department in 1894. The population reached nearly 1,300 in 1900. In November 1908, the Oregon Electric Railway began serving the city, in January 1914, competitor Southern Pacific followed suit, opening its own line, separate from OE's. Both railroads provided freight and passenger service, SP's passenger service being known as the Red Electric. A company called the Forest Grove Transportation Company operated local streetcar service that linked downtown to Carnation, where the Oregon & California Railroad built its depot, but the service lasted only from 1906–11; the Red Electric passenger service to Forest Grove ended in 1929 and Oregon Electric's ceased in 1932. There are 12 properties individually listed on the National Register of Historic Places and two historic districts: the 18-block Clark Historic District with homes dating as far back as 1854 and the Painter's Woods Historic District.
These include the Alvin T. Smith House, First Church of Christ and Old College Hall; the Oregon Army National Guard's 2nd Battalion-218th Field Artillery Regiment is headquartered in Forest Grove. Forest Grove is located on the western edge of the Portland metropolitan area and the Willamette Valley. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 5.88 square miles, of which 5.74 square miles is land and 0.14 square miles is water. One of the largest Giant Sequoia trees of the state of Oregon can be found in Forest Grove; this region experiences warm and dry summers, with no average monthly temperatures above 71.6 °F. According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, Forest Grove has a warm-summer Mediterranean climate, abbreviated "Csb" on climate maps; as of the census of 2010, there were 21,083 people, 7,385 households, 4,871 families residing in the city. The population density was 3,673.0 inhabitants per square mile. There were 7,845 housing units at an average density of 1,366.7 per square mile.
The racial makeup of the city was 78.8% White, 0.8% African American, 1.1% Native American, 2.6% Asian, 0.3% Pacific Islander, 12.5% from other races, 3.9% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 23.1% of the population. There were 7,385 households of which 37.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 50.1% were married couples living together, 11.0% had a female householder with no husband present, 4.9% had a male householder with no wife present, 34.0% were non-families. 27.0% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.7% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.71 and the average family size was 3.31. The median age in the city was 32.7 years. 26.6% of residents were under the age of 18. The gender makeup of the city was 48.0% male and 52.0% female. As of the census of 2000, there were 17,708 people, 6,336 households, 4,131 families residing in the city; the population density was 3,850.5 people per square mile.
There were 6,702 housing units at an average density of 1,457.3 per square mile. The racial makeup of the city was 81.46% White, 0.43% African American, 0.89% Native American, 2.11
Oregon is a state in the Pacific Northwest region on the West Coast of the United States. The Columbia River delineates much of Oregon's northern boundary with Washington, while the Snake River delineates much of its eastern boundary with Idaho; the parallel 42 ° north delineates the southern boundary with Nevada. Oregon is one of only four states of the continental United States to have a coastline on the Pacific Ocean. Oregon was inhabited by many indigenous tribes before Western traders and settlers arrived. An autonomous government was formed in the Oregon Country in 1843 before the Oregon Territory was created in 1848. Oregon became the 33rd state on February 14, 1859. Today, at 98,000 square miles, Oregon is the ninth largest and, with a population of 4 million, 27th most populous U. S. state. The capital, Salem, is the second most populous city in Oregon, with 169,798 residents. Portland, with 647,805, ranks as the 26th among U. S. cities. The Portland metropolitan area, which includes the city of Vancouver, Washington, to the north, ranks the 25th largest metro area in the nation, with a population of 2,453,168.
Oregon is one of the most geographically diverse states in the U. S. marked by volcanoes, abundant bodies of water, dense evergreen and mixed forests, as well as high deserts and semi-arid shrublands. At 11,249 feet, Mount Hood, a stratovolcano, is the state's highest point. Oregon's only national park, Crater Lake National Park, comprises the caldera surrounding Crater Lake, the deepest lake in the United States; the state is home to the single largest organism in the world, Armillaria ostoyae, a fungus that runs beneath 2,200 acres of the Malheur National Forest. Because of its diverse landscapes and waterways, Oregon's economy is powered by various forms of agriculture and hydroelectric power. Oregon is the top timber producer of the contiguous United States, the timber industry dominated the state's economy in the 20th century. Technology is another one of Oregon's major economic forces, beginning in the 1970s with the establishment of the Silicon Forest and the expansion of Tektronix and Intel.
Sportswear company Nike, Inc. headquartered in Beaverton, is the state's largest public corporation with an annual revenue of $30.6 billion. The earliest evidence of the name Oregon has Spanish origins; the term "orejón" comes from the historical chronicle Relación de la Alta y Baja California written by the new Spaniard Rodrigo Montezuma and made reference to the Columbia River when the Spanish explorers penetrated into the actual North American territory that became part of the Viceroyalty of New Spain. This chronicle is the first topographical and linguistic source with respect to the place name Oregon. There are two other sources with Spanish origins, such as the name Oregano, which grows in the southern part of the region, it is most probable that the American territory was named by the Spaniards, as there are some populations in Spain such as "Arroyo del Oregón" considering that the individualization in Spanish language "El Orejón" with the mutation of the letter "g" instead of "j". Another early use of the name, spelled Ouragon, was in a 1765 petition by Major Robert Rogers to the Kingdom of Great Britain.
The term referred to the then-mythical River of the West. By 1778, the spelling had shifted to Oregon. In his 1765 petition, Rogers wrote: The rout...is from the Great Lakes towards the Head of the Mississippi, from thence to the River called by the Indians Ouragon... One theory is that the name comes from the French word ouragan, applied to the River of the West based on Native American tales of powerful Chinook winds on the lower Columbia River, or from firsthand French experience with the Chinook winds of the Great Plains. At the time, the River of the West was thought to rise in western Minnesota and flow west through the Great Plains. Joaquin Miller explained in Sunset magazine, in 1904, how Oregon's name was derived: The name, Oregon, is rounded down phonetically, from Ouve água—Oragua, Or-a-gon, Oregon—given by the same Portuguese navigator that named the Farallones after his first officer, it in a large way, means cascades:'Hear the waters.' You should steam up the Columbia and hear and feel the waters falling out of the clouds of Mount Hood to understand the full meaning of the name Ouve a água, Oregon.
Another account, endorsed as the "most plausible explanation" in the book Oregon Geographic Names, was advanced by George R. Stewart in a 1944 article in American Speech. According to Stewart, the name came from an engraver's error in a French map published in the early 18th century, on which the Ouisiconsink River was spelled "Ouaricon-sint", broken on two lines with the -sint below, so there appeared to be a river flowing to the west named "Ouaricon". According to the Oregon Tourism Commission, present-day Oregonians pronounce the state's name as "or-uh-gun, never or-ee-gone". After being drafted by the Detroit Lions in 2002, former Oregon Ducks quarterback Joey Harrington distributed "Orygun" stickers to members of the media as a reminder of how to pronounce the name of his home state; the stickers are sold by the University of Oregon Bookstore. Oregon is 295 miles north to south at longest distance, 395 miles east to west. With an area of 98,381 square miles, Oregon is larger than the United Kingdom.
It is the ninth largest state in the United States. Oregon's highest point is the summit of Mount Hood, at 11,249 feet, its lowest point is the sea level of the Pacific Ocean along the Oregon Coas
Tigard is a city in Washington County, United States. The population was 48,035 at the 2010 census; as of 2007, Tigard was the state's 12th largest city. Incorporated in 1961, the city is located south of Beaverton and north of Tualatin, is part of the Portland metropolitan area. Interstate 5 and Oregon Route 217 are the main freeways in the city, with Oregon Route 99W and Oregon Route 210 serving as other major highways. Public transit service is provided via several bus routes and the WES Commuter Rail line. Like many towns in the Willamette Valley, Tigard was settled by several families; the most noteworthy was the Tigard family, headed by Wilson M. Tigard. Arriving in the area known as "East Butte" in 1852, the family settled and became involved in organizing and building the East Butte School, a general store and a meeting hall, renamed East Butte to "Tigardville" in 1886; the Evangelical organization built the Emanuel Evangelical Church at the foot of Bull Mountain, south of the Tigard store in 1886.
A blacksmith shop was opened in the 1890s by John Gaarde across from the Tigard Store, in 1896 a new E. Butte school was opened to handle the growth the community was experiencing from an incoming wave of German settlers; the period between 1907 and 1910 marked a rapid acceleration in growth as Main Street blossomed with the construction of several new commercial buildings, Germania Hall, a shop/post office, a livery stable. Limited telephone service began in 1908. In 1910, the arrival of the Oregon Electric Railway triggered the development of Main Street and pushed Tigardville from being a small farming community into a period of growth which would lead to its incorporation as a city in 1961; the town was renamed Tigard in 1907 by the railroad to greater distinguish it from the nearby Wilsonville, the focus of the town reoriented northeast towards the new rail stop as growth accelerated. 1911 marked the introduction of electricity, as the Tualatin Valley Electric company joined Tigard to a service grid with Sherwood and Tualatin.
William Ariss built a blacksmith shop on Main Street in 1912 that evolved into a modern service station. In the 1930s the streets and walks of Main Street were paved, another school established to accommodate growth; the city was the respondent in the landmark property rights case, Dolan v. City of Tigard, decided by the Supreme Court of the United States in 1994; the case established the "rough proportionality" test, now applied throughout the United States when a local government evaluates a land use application and determines the exactions to require of the recipient of a land use approval. In the 2004 general elections, the city of Tigard won approval from its voters to annex the unincorporated suburbs on Bull Mountain, a hill to the west of Tigard. However, residents in that area have rejected annexation and are fighting in court various moves by the city. Fire protection and EMS services are provided through Rescue; these people have served as mayor of the city. 1974–1984: Wilbur Bishop 1984: Ken Scheckla 1984–1986: John E. Cook 1987–1988: Tom Brian 1989–1994: Gerald Edwards 1994: Jack Schwab 1994–2000: Jim Nicoli 2001–2003: Jim Griffith 2003–2012: Craig Dirksen 2013–2018: John L. Cook 2019–: Jason Snider Appointed to fill out term Died in office Mayor Pro tem According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 11.81 square miles, all land.
North of McDonald Street, along with Metzger and some of the unincorporated Bull Mountain area, uses the 97223 ZIP code for incoming mail, while the southern half of the city uses 97224, as do the nearby city of King City and the community of Durham. All mail for both ZIP codes is processed in Portland; the Tigard Post Office on Main Street has a ZIP code of 97281, used only for post office boxes. Local phone numbers may be within the 971 area codes; as of the census of 2010, there were 48,035 people, 19,157 households, 12,470 families residing in the city. The population density was 4,067.3 inhabitants per square mile. There were 20,068 housing units at an average density of 1,699.2 per square mile. The racial makeup of the city was 79.6% White, 1.8% African American, 0.7% Native American, 7.2% Asian, 0.9% Pacific Islander, 5.9% from other races, 4.0% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 12.7% of the population. There were 19,157 households of which 33.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 50.4% were married couples living together, 10.0% had a female householder with no husband present, 4.6% had a male householder with no wife present, 34.9% were non-families.
26.9% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.7% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.49 and the average family size was 3.04. The median age in the city was 37.4 years. 24.1% of residents were under the age of 18. The gender makeup of the city was 51.0 % female. As of the census of 2000, there were 41,223 people, 16,507 households, 10,746 families residing in the city; the population density was 3,795.3 people per square mile. There were 17,369 housing units at an average density of 1,599.1 per square mile. The racial makeup of the city was 85.38% White, 5.57% Asian, 1.14% African American, 0.61% Native American, 0.53% Pacific Islander, 3.76% from other races, a
Joseph Lafayette "Joe" Meek was a trapper, law enforcement official, politician in the Oregon Country and Oregon Territory of the United States. A pioneer involved in the fur trade before settling in the Tualatin Valley, Meek would play a prominent role at the Champoeg Meetings of 1843, where he was elected as a sheriff, he was elected to and served in the Provisional Legislature of Oregon before being appointed as the United States Marshal for the Oregon Territory. Joe Meek was born on February 9, 1810 in Washington County, near the Cumberland Gap. At the age of 18 he joined William Sublette and the Rocky Mountain Fur Company, roamed the Rocky Mountains for over a decade as a fur trapper. In about 1829, the nineteen-year-old Meek traveled with a trapping party along the Yellowstone River. A band of Blackfoot scattered the trappers, leaving Meek to travel into what is today Yellowstone National Park. In a account included in author Frances Fuller Victor's 1870 biography of Meek, The River of the West, the explorer described the region.
"The whole country beyond was smoking with the vapor from boiling springs, burning with gasses, issuing from small craters, each of, emitting a sharp whistling sound."In Idaho in 1838, Meek married a woman given to him by Nez Perce chief Kowesota. Her Nez Perce name is not recorded, but Meek called her "Virginia", he had been married to a different Nez Perce woman. By 1840, as it was becoming clear that the fur trade was dying due both to a change in fashion preferences and the overtrapping of beaver, Meek decided to join fellow trappers Caleb Wilkins and Robert Newell in Oregon. On their way there, they met a small group of emigrants at Fort Hall who were headed to Oregon; the trappers agreed to guide them to the Whitman Mission near Fort Nez Percés. The single wagon that the group brought became the first to make it as far west as the mission on the Oregon Trail, although to get it there they ended up leaving the load behind. In Oregon Country, Meek took to wearing a bright red sash in imitation of the French Canadian trappers employed by the Hudson's Bay Company.
As the French trappers enjoyed good relations with most of the Indian tribes in the area, Meek seems to have hoped that the Indians would take him for a Québécois and leave him alone. In 1841, Meek settled in the Tualatin Valley, northwest of Oregon City, entered into the political life of the area. In the spring of 1841, Meek served as guide in Oregon for the United States Exploring Expedition. In 1843, at meetings in Champoeg, Oregon called to form a provisional government, his was one of the foremost voices on the side of the American settlers. In 1843, when the provisional government was formed, Meek was appointed sheriff, he was elected to the legislature in 1846 and 1847. In the late fall of 1847, some Cayuse and Umatilla Indians killed Marcus Whitman, his wife Narcissa, 12 others at the Whitman Mission. Among the dead was Meek’s daughter by his first wife, Helen Mar Meek, age 10, who died in captivity. Meek traveled to Washington, D. C. with the news of the killings and the ensuing Cayuse War.
Leaving in early January, George W. Ebbert, John Owens made the difficult winter trip, arriving in Saint Joseph, Missouri on May 4 and proceeding to Washington by steamboat and rail. While in Washington, where he met with President James K. Polk, he argued forcefully for making the Oregon Country a federal territory; the following spring, Joseph Lane was appointed Territorial Governor and Meek was made Territorial Federal Marshal. Meek served as Territorial Marshal for five years, his account with the Hudson's Bay Company was in debt, the mountain man owing the company over $300 in 1849, equivalent to $9,000 in 2018. In 1850 as Marshal, he supervised the execution of five Cayuse Indians found guilty of the Whitman massacre, despite Archbishop François Norbert Blanchet defending the men as innocent. Meek organized the Oregon Volunteers and led them in the Yakima Indian War and was promoted to the rank of major for his service. On June 20, 1875 Meek died at his home on the land he settled on the Tualatin Plains just north of Hillsboro, Oregon, at the age of 65.
His wife survived him by 25 years. Virginia Meek died on March 3, 1900, they are buried at the cemetery of the Tualatin Plains Presbyterian Church north of Hillsboro, in Washington County, Oregon. As Meek said "I want to live long enough to see Oregon securely American... so I can say that I was born in Washington County, United States, died in Washington County, United States."His older brother Stephen Meek was a trapper, became known for his role in the ill-fated Meek Cutoff. The actor Peter Whitney was cast as Meek in the 1961 episode, "Who's Fer Divide?", on the syndicated television anthology series, Death Valley Days, hosted by Stanley Andrews. The episode focuses on the annexation of the Oregon Territory. John Alderson played Meek in the 1964 Death Valley Days episode, "From the Earth, a Heritage." In that segment, a rival trapper, Nat Halper, played by Peter Whitney, pressures Meek to sell his beautiful Indian wife, Tula. Works by or about Joseph Meek at Internet Archive Biography of Joseph Meek from the Oregon Blue Book The River of the West: Joe Meek's Years in the Rocky Mountains
A county seat is an administrative center, seat of government, or capital city of a county or civil parish. The term is used in Canada, Romania and the United States. County towns have a similar function in the United Kingdom and Republic of Ireland, in Jamaica. In most of the United States, counties are the political subdivisions of a state; the city, town, or populated place that houses county government is known as the seat of its respective county. The county legislature, county courthouse, sheriff's department headquarters, hall of records and correctional facility are located in the county seat though some functions may be located or conducted in other parts of the county if it is geographically large. A county seat is but not always, an incorporated municipality; the exceptions include the county seats of counties that have no incorporated municipalities within their borders, such as Arlington County, Virginia. Ellicott City, the county seat of Howard County, is the largest unincorporated county seat in the United States, followed by Towson, the county seat of Baltimore County, Maryland.
Some county seats may not be incorporated in their own right, but are located within incorporated municipalities. For example, Cape May Court House, New Jersey, though unincorporated, is a section of Middle Township, an incorporated municipality. In some of the colonial states, county seats include or included "Court House" as part of their name. In the Canadian provinces of Prince Edward Island, New Brunswick, Nova Scotia, the term "shire town" is used in place of county seat. County seats in Taiwan are the administrative centers of the counties. There are 13 county seats in Taiwan, which are in the forms of county-administered city, urban township or rural township. Most counties have only one county seat. However, some counties in Alabama, Georgia, Kentucky, Mississippi, New Hampshire, New York, Vermont have two or more county seats located on opposite sides of the county. An example is Harrison County, which lists both Biloxi and Gulfport as county seats; the practice of multiple county seat towns dates from the days.
There have been few efforts to eliminate the two-seat arrangement, since a county seat is a source of pride for the towns involved. There are 36 counties with multiple county seats in 11 states: Coffee County, Alabama St. Clair County, Alabama Arkansas County, Arkansas Carroll County, Arkansas Clay County, Arkansas Craighead County, Arkansas Franklin County, Arkansas Logan County, Arkansas Mississippi County, Arkansas Prairie County, Arkansas Sebastian County, Arkansas Yell County, Arkansas Columbia County, Georgia Lee County, Iowa Campbell County, Kentucky Kenton County, Kentucky Essex County, Massachusetts Middlesex County, Massachusetts Plymouth County, Massachusetts Bolivar County, Mississippi Carroll County, Mississippi Chickasaw County, Mississippi Harrison County, Mississippi Hinds County, Mississippi Jasper County, Mississippi Jones County, Mississippi Panola County, Mississippi Tallahatchie County, Mississippi Yalobusha County, Mississippi Jackson County, Missouri Hillsborough County, New Hampshire Seneca County, New York Bennington County, Vermont In New England, the town, not the county, is the primary division of local government.
Counties in this region have served as dividing lines for the states' judicial systems. Connecticut and Rhode Island have no county level of thus no county seats. In Vermont and Maine the county seats are designated shire towns. County government consists only of a Superior Court and Sheriff, both located in the respective shire town. Bennington County has two shire towns. In Massachusetts, most government functions which would otherwise be performed by county governments in other states are performed by town or city governments; as such, Massachusetts has dissolved many of its county governments, the state government now operates the registries of deeds and sheriff's offices in those counties. In Virginia, a county seat may be an independent city surrounded by, but not part of, the county of which it is the administrative center. Two counties in South Dakota have their county seat and government services centered in a neighboring county, their county-level services are provided by Fall River Tripp County, respectively.
In Louisiana, divided into parishes rather than counties, county seats are referred to as parish seats. Alaska is divided into boroughs rather than counties; the Unorganized Borough, which covers 49 % of Alaska's area, has equivalent. The state with the most counties is Texas, with 254, the state with the fewest counties is Delaware, with 3. County seat war Administrative center County town, administrative centres in Ireland and the UK Chef-lieu, administrative centres in Algeria, Luxembourg, France and Tunisia Municipality, equivalent to county in many c