Washington County, Virginia

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Washington County, Virginia
WashingtonCountyVACourthouse.jpg
Washington County Courthouse
Seal of Washington County, Virginia
Seal
Map of Virginia highlighting Washington County
Location in the U.S. state of Virginia
Map of the United States highlighting Virginia
Virginia's location in the U.S.
Founded 1776
Named for George Washington
Seat Abingdon
Largest town Abingdon
Area
 • Total 566 sq mi (1,466 km2)
 • Land 561 sq mi (1,453 km2)
 • Water 5 sq mi (13 km2), 0.9%
Population (est.)
 • (2015) 54,876
 • Density 97/sq mi (37/km2)
Congressional district 9th
Time zone Eastern: UTC−5/−4
Website www.washcova.com

Washington County is a county located in the Commonwealth of Virginia. As of the 2010 census, the population was 54,876,[1] its county seat is Abingdon.[2]

Washington County is part of the KingsportBristolBristol, TN-VA Metropolitan Statistical Area, which is a component of the Johnson City–Kingsport–Bristol, TN-VA Combined Statistical Area, commonly known as the "Tri-Cities" region.

History[edit]

For thousands of years, indigenous peoples of varying cultures lived in the area, at the time of European encounter, the Chiska had a chief village near what is now Saltville, destroyed by the Spaniards in 1568. The Cherokee annexed the region from the Xualae around 1671, and ceded it to the Virginia Colony in 1770 at the Treaty of Lochaber.

The county was formed by Virginians in 1776 from Fincastle County. It was named for George Washington, who was then commander-in-chief of the Continental Army. Washington County is among the first geographical regions to be named after the president of the United States.

Washington County was raided by the Chickamauga Cherokee during the Cherokee–American wars; in July, 1776, Chief Dragging Canoe led an attack on Black's Fort (renamed Abingdon in 1778). The area remained prone to attack until after Chickamauga leader Bob Benge was finally slain by settlers in Washington County in 1794.

As with many other frontier counties, the boundaries and territory changed over the years; in 1786 the northwestern part of Washington County became Russell County. In 1814 the western part of what remained of Washington County was combined with parts of Lee and Russell counties to form Scott County. In 1832 the northeastern part of Washington was combined with part of Wythe County to form Smyth County. Finally, with the incorporation of the town of Goodson as the independent city of Bristol in 1890, Washington County assumed its present size.

A farm in Washington County, Virginia

Geography[edit]

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 566 square miles (1,470 km2), of which 561 square miles (1,450 km2) is land and 5 square miles (13 km2) (0.9%) is water.[3]

Districts[edit]

The county is divided into seven magisterial districts: Harrison, Jefferson, Madison, Monroe, Taylor, Tyler, and Wilson.

Adjacent counties[edit]

National protected areas[edit]

Major highways[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
17905,625
18009,53669.5%
181012,15627.5%
182012,4442.4%
183015,61425.5%
184013,001−16.7%
185014,61212.4%
186016,89215.6%
187016,816−0.4%
188025,20349.9%
189029,02015.1%
190028,995−0.1%
191032,83013.2%
192032,376−1.4%
193033,8504.6%
194038,19712.8%
195037,536−1.7%
196038,0761.4%
197040,8357.2%
198046,48713.8%
199045,887−1.3%
200051,10311.4%
201054,8767.4%
Est. 201654,214[4]−1.2%
U.S. Decennial Census[5]
1790-1960[6] 1900-1990[7]
1990-2000[8] 2010-2015[1]

As of the census[9] of 2000, there were 51,103 people, 21,056 households, and 14,949 families residing in the county. The population density was 91 people per square mile (35/km²). There were 22,985 housing units at an average density of 41 per square mile (16/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 97.56% White, 1.32% Black or African American, 0.11% Native American, 0.27% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 0.14% from other races, and 0.58% from two or more races. 0.63% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 21,056 households out of which 28.10% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 59.10% were married couples living together, 8.70% had a female householder with no husband present, and 29.00% were non-families. 25.80% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.40% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.36 and the average family size was 2.84.

In the county, the population was spread out with 20.80% under the age of 18, 8.70% from 18 to 24, 28.30% from 25 to 44, 26.90% from 45 to 64, and 15.30% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years, for every 100 females, there were 94.20 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 91.70 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $32,742, and the median income for a family was $40,162. Males had a median income of $30,104 versus $21,307 for females, the per capita income for the county was $18,350. About 8.10% of families and 10.90% of the population were below the poverty line, including 13.20% of those under age 18 and 14.20% of those age 65 or over.

Education[edit]

Colleges[edit]

Public high schools[edit]

Communities[edit]

Towns[edit]

Farmland in Washington County near Friendship and Wideners Valley

Census-designated places[edit]

Other unincorporated communities[edit]

Notable people[edit]

Politics[edit]

Presidential Elections Results[10]
Year Republican Democratic Third Parties
2016 74.8% 19,320 21.5% 5,553 3.8% 973
2012 70.8% 18,141 27.6% 7,076 1.6% 415
2008 65.6% 16,077 32.9% 8,063 1.5% 360
2004 65.5% 14,749 32.6% 7,339 1.9% 426
2000 59.7% 12,064 37.3% 7,549 3.0% 609
1996 50.1% 9,098 38.2% 6,939 11.7% 2,132
1992 48.2% 9,150 38.3% 7,269 13.6% 2,576
1988 63.5% 10,722 34.4% 5,819 2.1% 358
1984 68.1% 12,132 31.3% 5,573 0.7% 121
1980 53.9% 8,402 41.0% 6,390 5.2% 805
1976 49.0% 6,865 46.7% 6,547 4.3% 603
1972 72.7% 8,805 25.0% 3,028 2.3% 278
1968 51.2% 6,665 24.9% 3,243 24.0% 3,121
1964 44.9% 4,146 55.0% 5,070 0.1% 10
1960 53.6% 4,473 45.9% 3,833 0.5% 41
1956 56.4% 4,651 43.0% 3,547 0.6% 52
1952 57.7% 3,810 42.1% 2,778 0.2% 11
1948 52.2% 2,972 44.1% 2,510 3.7% 211
1944 49.3% 2,792 50.3% 2,849 0.4% 23
1940 45.1% 2,697 54.3% 3,245 0.6% 34
1936 44.0% 2,047 55.8% 2,595 0.3% 12
1932 38.3% 1,774 60.2% 2,784 1.5% 69
1928 56.4% 3,449 43.6% 2,666
1924 47.3% 2,848 51.2% 3,083 1.5% 90
1920 54.1% 2,672 45.6% 2,251 0.2% 12
1916 47.8% 1,717 51.9% 1,863 0.3% 9
1912 17.8% 590 51.9% 1,721 30.3% 1,004

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 5, 2014. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  3. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  4. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017. 
  5. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 5, 2014. 
  6. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved January 5, 2014. 
  7. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 5, 2014. 
  8. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 5, 2014. 
  9. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2011-05-14. 
  10. ^ http://uselectionatlas.org/RESULTS

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 36°43′N 81°58′W / 36.72°N 81.96°W / 36.72; -81.96