click links in text for more info

Washington District, North Carolina

The Washington District of North Carolina was in a remote area west of the Appalachian Mountains existing for only a short period, although it had been self-proclaimed and functioning as an independent governing entity since the spring of 1775. The district was the bureaucratic successor to the Watauga Association, a group of Virginian settlers that colonized the area in 1769 believing themselves to be in trans-Appalachian Virginia territory; when the settlement's application to be united with Virginia was denied, they asked North Carolina to annex the settlement, which occurred in November, 1776. After the American Revolution, the now informal district saw a huge growth of the area it encompassed stretching to the Mississippi River. At the time of North Carolina's final cession of the area to the Federal Government, it had grown to include the seven "Overmountain Counties": Washington, Davidson, Hawkins and Tennessee; these lands would become a large part not only of the subsequent extra-legal State of Franklin, but of the Southwest Territory and the State of Tennessee as well.

In May 1772, several years after arriving in the area, the settlers created their own government charter, a "written association and articles for the management of general affairs", elected a self-governing body and set up a courthouse and jail. This government became known as the "Watauga Association". Shortly after the outbreak of the American Revolutionary War, the members of the Watauga Association organized themselves into the extra-legal "Washington District", a separate region "...loyal to the united colonies...". They promptly formed a Committee of Safety to oversee it. In the Spring of 1776, seeking additional security for its inhabitants, the Washington District Committee of Safety drafted a petition asking the Colony of Virginia to annex the district. After Virginia refused, the Committee drafted a similar petition asking the North Carolina Assembly to annex the area. In November of that year, North Carolina granted the petition, the Washington District was admitted to North Carolina and designated Washington County, although the district technically remained in existence until the formal adoption as a North Carolina county a full year later.

Thereafter, "Washington District" was used to refer to North Carolina's holdings west of the Appalachian Mountains. After the news of the second petition was made known, the Cherokee—from whom the district had leased the settlement's land, but who had now allied themselves with the British—launched an all-out invasion against the district, but were soundly defeated. In 1777, the Cherokee signed the "Treaty of Long Island" ceding control of the Watauga and Nolichucky valleys to North Carolina. Chief Dragging Canoe, his followers, vowed to continue to fight; the petition requesting annexation to North Carolina was drawn up by the Washington District Committee of Safety and was signed by the district's thirteen elected "Commissioners". These were: Washington County, Tennessee US GenWeb Ani-Maps


TortoiseGit is a Git revision control client, implemented as a Windows shell extension and based on TortoiseSVN. It is free software released under the GNU General Public License. In Windows Explorer, besides showing context menu items for Git commands, TortoiseGit provides icon overlays that indicate the status of Git working trees and files, it comes with the TortoiseGitMerge utility to visually compare two files and resolve conflicts. TortoiseCVS, a Concurrent Versions System client for the Microsoft Windows platform TortoiseSVN, a Subversion client for the Microsoft Windows platform TortoiseHg, a Mercurial client that can be used as a client to a Git server TortoiseBzr, a similar tool for use with Bazaar Official website


Hwair is the name of, the Gothic letter expressing the or sound. Hwair is the name of the Latin ligature ƕ used to transcribe Gothic; the name of the Gothic letter is recorded by Alcuin in Codex Vindobonensis 795 as uuaer. The meaning of the name ƕair was "cauldron, pot". There was no Elder Futhark rune for the phoneme, so that unlike those of most Gothic letters, the name does not continue the name of a rune. Gothic ƕ is the reflex of Common Germanic *xʷ, which in turn continues the Indo-European labiovelar *kʷ after it underwent Grimm's law; the same phoneme in Old English and Old High German is spelled hw. The Gothic letter is transliterated with the Latin ligature of the same name, ƕ, introduced by philologists around 1900 to replace the digraph hv, used to express the phoneme, e.g. by Migne in the 1860s. It is used for example in Dania transcription. ʘ: IPA letter Bilabial click Ԋ ԋ: Komi Nje, a letter in the Molodtsov alphabet Ꙩ ꙩ: Cyrillic letter Monocular O ん: N Խ խ: Armenian Khe Note that the Unicode names of the Latin letters are different: "Hwair" and "Hv".

Phonological history of wh Wh

Ian Barker (barrister)

Ian McClelland Barker is an Australian barrister and Queen's Counsel. He was the first Solicitor-General of the Northern Territory and is a former president of the NSW Bar Association. Barker retired as a barrister in 2017. Barker was educated at the NSW Solicitors Admission Board. Barker practiced as a barrister and solicitor in Alice Springs, Northern Territory from 1961 to 1970 and in Darwin from 1970 to 1974. In 1974, Barker became one of the first Queen's Counsel appointed in the Northern Territory and practiced at the Independent Bar at Darwin until his appointment as Solicitor General of the Northern Territory in 1978, the first such appointment after self-government was granted to the territory, he returned to private practice at the Sydney Bar in 1980. Barker became known nationally in 1982 when he led the prosecution in the Azaria Chamberlain trial and Lindy Chamberlain was tried and convicted of her murder and Michael Chamberlain was convicted as an accessory after the fact. Both were exonerated and received substantial compensation.

Aside from the Chamberlain trial, Barker has had many successes that put him on a footing as one of Australia's most successful barristers. He acted for John Marsden in a defamation case against the Seven Network where Marsden was wrongly portrayed as a paedophile. In a book written by Marsden before his death, he referred to Barker as "the best cross examiner in the land". Barker successfully defended ex Australian High Court judge Lionel Murphy for perverting the course of justice. Aside from these landmark cases, during his time in the Territory, Barker has made a great impact on the improvement of the Indigenous inhabitants of Australia, he was successful in getting a bill through the Northern Territory Parliament making an area known as the Cobourg Peninsula a national park so that it remained untouched by commercial development. Barker was regarded throughout legal circles as one of the best barristers in Australia. Barker was the president of the NSW Bar Association in 1998-1999. Barker is a member of the International Human Rights Observer Panel, established in 2005 by the Law Council of Australia.

It is a part-time panel of Australian lawyers who serve as trial observers and undertake reviews in relation to human rights. He is called upon by the national media as a commentator on matters relating to human rights and civil liberties. Barker has represented the following clients in high profile court matters: John Marsden Patrick Power Marcus Einfeld Julian Moti A portrait of Barker, by the artist Neville Dawson, is held by the National Library of Australia

Johann Wolfgang von Goethe bibliography

The following is a list of the major publications of Johann Wolfgang von Goethe. 142 volumes comprise the entirety of his literary output, ranging from the poetical to the philosophical, including 50 volumes of correspondence. 1790: Versuch die Metamorphose der Pflanzen zu erklären, 1810: Zur Farbenlehre, 1811–1830: Aus Meinem Leben: Dichtung und Wahrheit autobiographical work in 4 volumes 1817: Italienische Reise, journals 1836 and 1848: Gespräche mit Goethe translated as: Conversations with Eckermann - posthumous 1793: Die Belagerung von Mainz, non-fiction July 1798-1801: Propyläen, periodical 1805: "Winckelmann und sein Jahrhundert" 1774: Die Leiden des jungen Werthers, novel 1809: Die Wahlverwandtschaften, novel 1796: Wilhelm Meisters Lehrjahre, novel 1821: Wilhelm Meisters Wanderjahre, oder Die Entsagenden, novel 1828: Novella, novella 1794–95: Unterhaltungen deutscher Ausgewanderten, which includes the fairy tale Das Märchen 1795: Das Märchen, fairy-tale 1794: Reineke Fuchs, fable 1771: "Heidenröslein", 1773: "Prometheus", 1774: "Der König in Thule", 1782: "Der Erlkönig", 1790: Römische Elegien, collection 1795–96: Die Xenien, collection of epigrams 1797: "Der Zauberlehrling", 1797: "Die Braut von Korinth", 1798: Hermann und Dorothea, epic 1798: Die Weissagungen des Bakis 1799: " The First Walpurgis Night", 1813: "Gefunden", 1819: Westöstlicher Diwan, variously translated as The West-Eastern Divan, The Parliament of East and West, or otherwise.

1823: "Marienbad Elegy", 1808: Faust Part One, 1832: Faust Part Two, 1773: Götz von Berlichingen, drama 1775: Stella, tragedy in five acts 1787: Iphigenie auf Tauris, drama 1788: Egmont, drama 1790: Torquato Tasso, drama 1803: Die Natürliche Tochter, play intended as the first part of a trilogy on the French revolution

In Peaceful Time

In Peaceful Time is a 1950 Soviet action film directed by Vladimir Braun. The film tells about the life of submariners in peacetime. At first glance, everything is fine and peaceful, but everything changed as soon as military exercises began; as it turned out, foreign intelligence wants at any cost to obtain secret information from Soviet submariners. Nikolai Timofeyev as Afanasy Arkadi Tolbuzin as Georgy Orlov Aleksandr Grechany as midshipman Sergei Gurzo as Pavlo Panychuk Andrei Sova as Suchkov Vyacheslav Tikhonov as Grinevsky Karaman Mgeladze as Vakhtang Meskhishvili Georgi Yumatov as sailor Kurakin Dmitry Kostenko as sailor Pivovarov Viktor Avdyushko as Stepan Matveyev, diver Viktor Dobrovolsky as admiral Viktor Mironov as Ilin, Captain I Rank Leonid Kmit as chief of staff Elina Bystritskaya as Lena Veronika Vasilyeva as Zina Mikhail Gluzsky as duty midshipman Vladimir Braun's film takes the 720th place in the list of most popular box-office films of the Soviet distribution, it was watched by 23.5 million viewers.

In Peaceful Time on IMDb