The Commander-in-Chief's Trophy is awarded to each season's winner of the American college football series among the teams of the U. S. Military Academy, the U. S. Naval Academy, U. S. Air Force Academy; the Navy–Air Force game is traditionally played on the first Saturday in October, the Army–Air Force game on the first Saturday in November, the Army–Navy Game on the second Saturday in December. In the event of a tie, the award is shared, but the previous winner retains physical possession of the trophy; the Commander-in-Chief's Trophy and the Michigan MAC Trophy are the only NCAA Division I FBS triangular rivalry trophies awarded annually. The few others, such as the Florida Cup and the Beehive Boot, are contested sporadically. Through 2018, the Air Force Falcons hold the most trophy victories at 20 and the Navy Midshipmen have won 15; the Army Black Knights trail with 8, but are the current holders having won the last two. The trophy has been shared on four occasions, most in 1993. Air Force first played Army in 1959 and Navy in 1960.
The Commander-in-Chief's trophy was the brainchild of Air Force General George B. Simler, a former Air Force Academy athletic director who envisioned the trophy as a means to create an annual series of football games for the Air Force Academy against the Military Academy and the Naval Academy. First awarded in 1972 by President Richard Nixon, the trophy itself is jointly sponsored by the alumni associations of the three academies; the trophy is named for the U. S. President, the Commander-in-Chief of all U. S. military services under the U. S. Constitution; the President has awarded the trophy on a number of occasions. During the 1980s, for instance, President Ronald Reagan presented the award in an annual White House ceremony. In 1996, President Bill Clinton presented the trophy to the Army team at Veterans Stadium after the Army–Navy Game. From 2003 to 2007, President George W. Bush presented the trophy to Navy teams at ceremonies in the White House. During the late 1980s and early 1990s, the winner of the trophy, if bowl eligible, was granted an invitation to the Liberty Bowl in Memphis, Tennessee.
Navy was the first to five wins in 1981, while Army won its fifth in 1988 and Air Force in 1989 to knot the series. Air Force has led since their win in 1990, dominated through 2002, with sixteen wins to Army's six. Winless in the series for over two decades, Navy reeled off seven consecutive sweeps from 2003 through 2009 to draw close. In the annual series, Air Force plays a home game and a road game both on campus, hosting Navy in even-numbered years and Army in odd years. Army–Navy is a neutral site game in a major eastern city and most in Philadelphia; the other two federal service academies – the U. S. Coast Guard Academy and U. S. Merchant Marine Academy – do not participate in this competition, they are one-quarter the size of the three Department of Defense academies and compete in Division III athletics, so they do not compete against the DOD military academies in most sports. The Coast Guard Bears and Merchant Marine Mariners have an annual football rivalry for the Secretaries Cup; the trophy weighs 170 lb.
The design consists of three silver footballs in a pyramid-like arrangement, set on a circular base, with three arc-shaped sections cut out – one for each academy. In each of the cut-out areas stands a silver figurine of the mascot of one of the academies, in front of small, engraved plates denoting which years the respective academy has won the trophy. Beneath each of the three silver footballs is the crest of one of the three academies; when Air Force has possession of the trophy, it is displayed in a glass case in the Cadet Fieldhouse, the indoor sports complex at the Air Force Academy. When Navy has possession of the trophy, it is displayed in a glass case in Bancroft Hall, the Midshipmen's dormitory; when Army possesses the trophy, it is housed in a glass case outside the football offices in the Army West Point Sports Hall of Fame, part of the Kimsey Athletic Center in Michie Stadium. In the event of a shared award, the previous year's winner retains custody of the trophy. Four shared trophies, last in 1993 Only tie was in 1981 Overtime for Division I-A regular season introduced in 1996 Three OT games, all between Navy and Air Force Army–Navy Game Secretaries Cup – annual Division III rivalry game between the Coast Guard Bears and Merchant Marine Mariners
Union Square, Manhattan
Union Square is a historic intersection and surrounding neighborhood in Manhattan, New York City, located where Broadway and the former Bowery Road – now Fourth Avenue – came together in the early 19th century. The current Union Square Park is bounded by 14th Street on the south, Union Square West on the west side, 17th Street on the north, on the east Union Square East, which links together Broadway and Park Avenue South to Fourth Avenue and the continuation of Broadway; the park is under the aegis of the New York City Department of Recreation. Adjacent neighborhoods are the Flatiron District to the north, Chelsea to the west, Greenwich Village to the southwest, East Village to the southeast, Gramercy Park to the east. Many buildings of The New School are near the square, as are several dormitories of New York University; the eastern side of the square is dominated by the four Zeckendorf Towers, the Consolidated Edison Building, on the former site of the bargain-priced department store, S. Klein, the south side by the full-square block mixed-use One Union Square South.
It features digital clock expelling bursts of steam, titled Metronome. Among the heterogeneous assortment of buildings along the west side is the Decker Building. Union Square is noted for its impressive equestrian statue of U. S. President George Washington, modeled by Henry Kirke Brown and unveiled in 1856, the first public sculpture erected in New York City since the equestrian statue of George III in 1770, the first American equestrian sculpture cast in bronze. Other statues in the park include the Marquis de Lafayette, modeled by Frédéric Auguste Bartholdi and dedicated at the Centennial, July 4, 1876, Abraham Lincoln, modeled by Henry Kirke Brown, the James Fountain, a Temperance fountain with the figure of Charity who empties her jug of water, aided by a child. A statue of Mahatma Gandhi in the southwest corner of the park was added in 1986; the 14th Street – Union Square New York City Subway station, served by the 4, 5, 6, <6>, L, N, Q, R, W trains, is located under Union Square.
At the time that John Randel was surveying the island in preparation for the Commissioners' Plan of 1811, the Bloomingdale Road angled away from the Bowery at an acute angle that would have been so awkward to build on, that the Commissioners decided to form a square at the union. In 1815, by act of the state legislature, this former potter's field became a public commons for the city, at first named Union Place. In 1832, at a time when the space was surrounded by empty lots, Samuel Ruggles, one of the founders of the Bank of Commerce and the developer of Gramercy Park to the northeast, convinced the city to rename the area as "Union Square" and enlarge the commons to 17th Street on the north and extend the axis of University Place to form the square's west side. Ruggles obtained a fifty-year lease on most of the surrounding lots from 15th to 19th Streets, where he built sidewalks and curbs. In 1834, he convinced the Board of Aldermen to enclose and grade the square sold most of his leases and in 1839 built a four-storey house facing the east side of the Square.
A fountain was built in the center of Union Square to receive water from the Croton Aqueduct, completed in 1842. In 1845, as the square began to fill with affluent houses, $116,000 was spent in paving the surrounding streets and planting the square, in part owing to the continued encouragement of Ruggles; the sole survivors of this early phase, though they have been much adapted and rebuilt, are a series of three- and four-story brick rowhouses, 862–866 Broadway, at the turn where Broadway exits the square at 17th Street. The Everett House on the corner of 17th Street and Fourth Avenue was for decades one of the city's most fashionable hotels. In the early years of the park a fence surrounded the square's central oval planted with radiating walks lined with trees. In 1872, Frederick Law Olmsted and Calvert Vaux were called in to replant the park, as an open glade with clumps of trees. At first the square, the last public space that functioned as the entrance to New York City, was residential – the Union League Club first occupied a house loaned for the purpose by Henry G. Marquand at the corner of 17th Street and Broadway – but after the Civil War the neighborhood became commercial, the square began to lose social cachet at the turn of the twentieth century.
Tiffany & Co. which had moved to the square from Broadway and Broome Street in 1870, left its premises on 15th Street to move uptown to 37th Street in 1905. The last of the neighborhood's free-standing private mansions, Peter Goelet's at the northeast corner of 19th Street, made way for a commercial building in 1897; the Rialto, New York City's first commercial theater district, was located in and around Union Square beginning in the 1870s. It was called the Rialto after the commercial district in Venice; the theater district re-located northward, into less expensive and undeveloped uptown neighborhoods, into the current Theater District. Before the Civil War, theatres in New York City were located along Broadway and the Bowery up to 14th Street, with those on Broadway appealing more to the middle and upper classes and the Bowery theatres attracting immigrant audiences and the working class. After the war, the
West Point Jewish Chapel
The Jewish Chapel at the United States Military Academy is a synagogue and chapel for the worship of Jewish cadets and members of the West Point community. Construction began in 1982 and was completed on November 13, 1984, it was the culmination of 20 years of effort on the part of the West Point Jewish Chapel Fund, a private nonprofit organization which raised more than US$7.5 million for its construction. United States military chaplain symbols Naval Academy Jewish Chapel Commodore Levy Chapel Aloha Jewish Chapel West Point Jewish Chapel
Constitution Island is located on the east side of the Hudson River directly opposite the U. S. Military Academy Reservation and is connected to the east shore by Constitution Marsh, it is the only part of the U. S. Military Academy Reservation on the east side of the Hudson River. Known as "Martelaer's Rock", Constitution Island is the site of the earliest Revolutionary War fortifications in the Hudson Valley. Taken by the British in 1777, the island was re-occupied by American forces in 1778, made an integral part of Fortress West Point; the island was bequeathed to the military academy in 1909 and has been administered by the West Point Museum since. Between Cold Spring and West Point lay a large rocky island connected to the eastern shore by a reedy marsh. Dutch Navigators called it Martelaer's Island and the part of the river between it and Storm King Mountain, Martelaer's Rack, or Martyr's Reach; the word "martyr" signified "struggling", as vessels coming up the river with a fair wind would find themselves after passing the point of the island into the reach, contending with the wind ahead.
The strategic importance of the ability to control navigation along the Hudson River was obvious to both the Americans and the British from the outbreak of open hostilities. The Hudson was the major means for transportation of supplies and troops throughout a large portion of the northeast. On May 25, 1775 the Continental Congress resolved to build fortifications in the Hudson highlands for the purpose of protecting and maintaining control of the Hudson River. General George Washington was appointed by the Continental Congress to work with the New York Provincial Congress to draft plans as to how the Hudson River should be fortified against the British. Local residents James Clinton and Christopher Tappan were sent to scout appropriate locations; the initial site chosen was Martlaer's Island, across from West Point. Located on a strategic curve in the Hudson River, engineer Bernard Romans, was appointed to begin the construction of a large fort on the island, to be named “Fort Constitution".
Plans for the fort called for four bastions. Construction of the fortifications began in the summer of 1775, the island was soon known as Constitution Island. By November it had 70 cannons. However, difficulties in construction and management of the original plan of fortifications, together with escalating costs, led to abandonment of that project. A site at Popolopen Creek across from Anthony's Nose was proposed, in January 1776, the materials and resources from Fort Constitution were redirected to the construction at the new site; the building of Fort Constitution was suspended while the militia concentrated their efforts on building Forts Clinton and Independence south of the island in the hope of containing the British further downstream. The earthworks at Fort Constitution were unfinished when British troops destroyed them in 1777. In 1778 Polish engineer Thaddeus Kosciusko began designing Fortress West Point as a series of forts and redoubts on both sides of the river. On Constitution Island, a barracks, three redoubts, a water battery were constructed.
The island is best known as the eastern anchor-point for the Great Chain, a massive iron structure that stretched across the narrow bend in the Hudson between the island and the mainland at West Point. The chain was intended to prevent British naval vessels from navigating along the Hudson; this was the second attempt to string a chain across the Hudson River in an effort to prevent the British from taking control of the Hudson thereby splitting the American colonies. The first chain, which weighed 35 tons and was 1650 yards long stretched between the base of Fort Montgomery and the rock at Anthony's Nose; that chain failed to stop the British forces when they attacked Forts Clinton. That chain was dismantled by the British; the Great Chain remained in place from 1778 to 1782. After the war, Constitution Island returned to civilian use. Tadeusz Kościuszko along with Thomas Machin designed a capstan for reeling in the chain. Kosciuszko added the Lanthorn Battery at Gee's Point and the Knox Battery to cover the South Dock.
The original iron chain, with one and a half inch thick links, was replaced in 1778 with links two and a quarter inches thick, which were two feet long and weighed 140 pounds. Made by Peter Townsend's Stirling Iron Works in Warwick, New York, the 1500 foot long chain weighed 186 tons. Kept afloat on huge logs, forty men removed the chain in winter; the Warner House as part of the National Historic Landmark of the United States Military Academy, is located on Constitution Island and administered by the West Point Museum, United States Military Academy. The Warner family owned the island and lived in the house from 1838 to 1915. Sisters Susan Bogert Warner and Anna Bartlett Warner were popular, prolific novelists whose works sold millions of copies in the United States and elsewhere; the Warner sisters are recognized as among the most significant American women writers of the nineteenth century. Anna Bartlett Warner's most well known song is Jesus. In 1908, seven years before her death, Anna Warner sold the island to Mrs. Margaret Sage, widow of the financier Russell Sage.
In 1908, Mrs. Russell Sage and Miss Anna Warner presented Constitution Island to the United States government as a joint gift according to the following stipulations: “Lawrence, L. I. September 4, 1908, The President: Sir: I take pleasure in tendering as a gift to the United States from myself and Miss Anna Bartlett Warner, Constitution Island, opposite of West Point…to be an addition to the Military Academy…under the following conditions: First: That ‘the Island be for the use forever of the
Christl Arena is a 5,043-seat, multi-purpose arena in West Point, New York. It was built in 1985 as part of the Major Donald W. Holleder Center, which houses Tate Rink, it is home to the United States Military Academy's Army Black Knights men's and women's basketball teams. It was named after 1st Lieutenant Edward C. Christl Jr.'44, a former basketball captain, killed in combat in Austria during World War II. The arena hosted portions of the 1995 and 1999 Patriot League men's basketball tournaments, as well as portions of the 2006 and 2008 Patriot League women's basketball tournament, including the 2006 Patriot League championship game, as Army defeated Holy Cross, clinching the first Division I NCAA Tournament bid in program history. 5,195 Navy 8 Feb 2014 5,178 Navy 22 Jan 2011 5,163 Navy 20 Feb 2010 5,125 Navy 28 Feb 2004 5,102 Navy 17 Feb 1995 5,055 Duke 16 Nov 1997 5,043 Navy 19 Jan 2019 5,039 Navy 15 Feb 1994 5,025 Navy 24 Feb 1990 4,462 Navy 31 Jan 2003 4,256 Navy 23 Feb 2002 4,164 Lafayette 9 Feb 1990 Gillis Field House List of indoor arenas in the United States#Major college indoor arenas List of NCAA Division I basketball arenas
Army Black Knights
The Army Black Knights are the athletic teams that represent the United States Military Academy. In sports contexts, the teams are referred to as Army, they participate in NCAA Division I-A as a non-football member of the Patriot League, a Division I Football Bowl Subdivision independent school and a member of Atlantic Hockey, the Collegiate Sprint Football League, the Eastern Intercollegiate Gymnastics League, the Eastern Intercollegiate Wrestling Association, the Great America Rifle Conference, the National Collegiate Boxing Association, the National Collegiate Paintball Association and the National Intercollegiate Women's Fencing Association. Army is one of 300 members of the Eastern College Athletic Conference. Three of the service academies compete for the Commander-in-Chief's Trophy, awarded to the academy that defeats the others in football that year. Since 1899, Army's mascot has been a mule because of the animal's historical importance in military operations. For many years, Army's teams were known as the "Cadets."
The academy's football team was nicknamed "The Black Knights of the Hudson" due to the black color of its uniforms. In 1999, Army adopted "Black Knights" as its official nickname in all sports, they may use "Cadets" in certain circumstances. U. S. Sports media use "Army" as a synonym for the academy, while in 2015, the academy declared their name to be "Army West Point.""On Brave Old Army Team", by Philip Egner, is the school's fight song. Army's chief sports rival is the Naval Academy, due to its long-standing football rivalry and the inter-service rivalry with the Navy in general. Fourth class cadets verbally greet upper-class cadets and faculty with "Beat Navy", while the tunnel that runs under Washington Road is named the "Beat Navy" tunnel. In the first half of the 20th century and Notre Dame were football rivals, but that rivalry has since died out; the Army Black Knights football program are one of the few NCAA Division I Football Bowl Subdivision independent schools. Army was recognized as the national champions in 1944, 1945 and 1946.
The annual Army-Navy Game between the Black Knights of Army and the Midshipmen of the Naval Academy at Annapolis is among the most storied rivalries in all of college sports and marks the end of regular season play for college football each year. The men's golf team has won 20 conference championships: Metro Atlantic Athletic Conference: 1982–88, 1989, 1989 Patriot League: 1991–93, 1994, 1994, 1995, 2002, 2004–05, 2011, 2016 Every year, Army faces the Royal Military College of Canada Paladins in the annual West Point Weekend hockey game; this series, conceived in 1923, is the longest-running annual international sporting event in the world. Army rugby plays college rugby in the Division 1–A Eastern Conference; the Black Knights play their home games at the Anderson Rugby Complex on the campus of West Point. Rugby is a popular sport at Army. Army is led by Director of Rugby Matt Sherman. Army has one of the most successful college rugby teams in the country. Army played in three consecutive national championship games from 1990–1992, reached the national semi-finals four consecutive years from 2000–2003, twice in a row in 2009 and 2010.
More Army reached the quarterfinals in 2013. Army plays in the Collegiate Rugby Championship, the highest profile college rugby tournament in the U. S. reaching the finals in 2011. The Collegiate Rugby Championship is played every year in early June at PPL Park in Philadelphia, is broadcast live on NBC; the Army Black Knights Wrestling team host home dual meets, tournaments and practice in the state of the art facility Arvin Gymnasium on campus. The team competes in the Eastern Intercollegiate Wrestling Association since Army is a member of the non-wrestling Patriot League. In 2014, Kevin Ward, a former Oklahoma State All-American, took over the program. Ward is best known for starting the Ouachita Baptist University wrestling program in 2010, the first NCAA wrestling program in Arkansas; the Army handball team has 18 women National Championship titles. Lt. Raymond Enners Award Maggie Dixon Award NCAA Award of Valor: 2007 - Derek Hines, who demonstrated valor in Afghanistan before being killed there.
2008 - Emily Perez, who died after an improvised explosive device exploded near her vehicle in Iraq and whose U. S. Army unit recognized her for her leadership after her death. NCAA Theodore Roosevelt Award: 1967 - Dwight D. Eisenhower 1973 - Omar Bradley For a list of members by name, class year, or induction year, see footnoteThe Army West Point Sports Hall of Fame consists of displays in the Kenna Hall of Army Sports, located within the Kimsey Athletic Center; the first set of members was inducted in 2004. Military World Games List of college athletic programs in New York#Division I United States Military Academy grounds and facilities#Athletic facilities List of sportspeople educated at the United States Military Academy Official website
Richard Stockton (Brown)
Richard Stockton is a marble sculpture depicting the American lawyer, legislator of the same name by Henry Kirke Brown, installed in the United States Capitol's crypt, in Washington, D. C. as part of the National Statuary Hall Collection. The statue was donated by the U. S. state of New Jersey in 1888. Media related to Richard Stockton by Henry Kirke Brown at Wikimedia Commons