Princeton University Department of Economics
The Princeton University Department of Economics is an academic department of Princeton University, an Ivy League institution in Princeton, New Jersey. The department is one of the most premier institutions for the study of economics, it offers undergraduate A. B. degrees as well as graduate Ph. D. degrees. According to the 2018 U. S. News & World Report, the department ranks as No. 1 in the field of economics. The department is located in the Julis Romo Rabinowitz Building & Louis A. Simpson International Building 20 Washington Road, which houses the Princeton Institute for International and Regional Studies, the Bendheim Center for Finance, the Center for Health and Wellbeing, the Julis-Rabinowitz Center for Public Policy and Finance, it is home to the Pliny Fisk Library of Economics and Finance and the Industrial Relations Library. Since the university's founding in 1746, many courses in the social sciences, including history and politics, were taught in the department of Jurisprudence and Political Economy.
Coursework in political economy became available in 1819. When Woodrow Wilson became a professor in 1890, additional courses were added to the curriculum, including the History of Political Economy. By 1913, the department became independent from history and politics, forming the Department of Economics and Social Institutions; the undergraduate program is one of the most prestigious programs for the study of economics in the country and in the world. Economics is the most popular concentration at the undergraduate level; because the university does not have a business school, the economics concentration attracts many students who are interested in careers in investment banking, management consulting, finance and more. The curriculum itself is theoretical in nature, requiring students complete quantitative courses up to multivariate calculus. In partnership with the Bendheim Center for Finance, the department offers an Undergraduate Finance Certificate; the graduate program in economics trains Ph.
D. students for careers in academia and industry. It receives 800 applications for a class of 20 to 25 students who come from over 30 different countries around the world; the program has numerous fields of specialization and has been strong in the areas of Macroeconomics, Industrial Relations, International Finance. Graduate students who pursue academic careers have had placement records at some of the world's leading universities including Harvard, Yale, MIT, Cornell; the department oversees a number of centers and initiatives, including: Bendheim Center for Finance The Benjamin H. Griswold III, Class of 1933, Center for Economic Policy Studies The Gregory C. Chow Econometric Research Program Julis-Rabinowitz Center for Public Policy and Finance Center for Health and Wellbeing William S. Dietrich II Economic Theory Center Industrial Relations Section International Economics Section Office of Population Research Political Economy Program Princeton Experimental Laboratory for the Social Sciences Research Program in Development Studies The Gregory C. and Paula K.
Chow Macroeconomic Research Program Louis A. Simpson Center for the Study of Macroeconomics The 2018 U. S. News & World Report places the department as No. 1 in the field of Economics, tied with Harvard University, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Stanford University, University of California Berkeley, Yale University. The National Research Council's rankings place the university at No. 2 in the S-Rank and No. 2 in the Research Rank. In the 2018 Q. S. World University Rankings, the department places as No. 3 in the world in the fields of Economics and Econometrics. The 2018 Times Higher Education World University Rankings ranks the department as No. 7 globally. Faculty members who have won the Nobel Memorial Prize in Economic Sciences include: Arthur Lewis, James Madison Professor of Political Economy, 1979 John Forbes Nash Jr. Senior Research Mathematician, 1994 Eric Maskin, Visiting lecturer with the rank of professor of economics, 2007 Paul Krugman, Professor of economics and international affairs, 2000 Thomas Sargent, Visiting professor of economics, 2011 Christopher Sims, Harold B.
Helms Professor of Economics, 2011 Angus Deaton, Dwight D. Eisenhower Professor of Economics and International Affairs, 2015Professor Ben Bernanke was a Professor of Economics prior to serving as Chairman of the Federal Reserve. Professor Alan Blinder served on Bill Clinton's Council of Economic Advisers and served as Vice Chairman of the Federal Reserve. Former faculty members included John Kenneth Galbraith, a leading academic on post-Keynesian economics and Uwe Reinhardt, a scholar on health care economics and Medicare. Other notably faculty members include: Orley Ashenfelter Markus Brunnermeier Anne Case Avinash Dixit Henry Farber Mikhail Golosov Gene Grossman Faruk Gül Atif Mian Esteban Rossi-Hansberg Official website
Butler College is one of the six residential colleges of Princeton University, founded in 1983. It houses about 500 freshmen and sophomores, 100 juniors and seniors, 10 Resident Graduate Students, a faculty member in residence, as well as a small number of upperclass Residential College Advisors. Butler is a four-year college, paired with the two-year Wilson College; this means juniors and seniors are permitted to live in Butler, with priority for housing given to undergraduates who spent their first two years in either Butler or Wilson. As of the fall of 2009, Butler's main quad consists of newly constructed dormitories; these new constructed dormitories were designed by Pei Cobb Freed & Partners Architects LLP and structurally engineered by Leslie E. Robertson Associates; these dorms replaced a set of older dormitories known collectively as the "New Quad", built in the 1960s and demolished in 2007. The dormitories now comprising Butler are 1915 Hall, 1967 Hall, 1976 Hall, Bloomberg Hall, Bogle Hall, Wilf Hall, Yoseloff Hall.
1915 Hall is an older building, while Bloomberg Hall opened in 2004 and the other dormitories opened in 2009. The dining hall of the college is Gordon Wu Hall, renovated during the summer of 2009 along with the adjacent Wilson College dining hall, Wilcox Hall; as a result of this renovation, Wu and Wilcox now share a servery and kitchen, but have separate dining areas. This arrangement is the same as that used by the Rockefeller College and Mathey College dining halls, which were renovated in 2007. Princeton University: Butler College
Ulmus americana 'Princeton'
The American Elm cultivar Ulmus americana'Princeton' was selected in 1922 by New Jersey nurseryman William Flemer of Princeton Nurseries for its aesthetic merit.'Princeton' was found to have a moderate resistance to Dutch elm disease. The tree can grow to > 30 m in height, is distinguished by its dense, upright form and dark green foliage forming a broad umbrella crown. Crotch angles can be acute, with considerable bark inclusion which can lead to branch breakages; the leaves are < 16 cm long by 8 cm broad.'Princeton' grows young trees increasing in height by over 1.6 m per annum in an assessment at U C Davis as part of the National Elm Trial. The tree commences flowering aged nine years. Testing in laboratory conditions by the United States Department of Agriculture in 1992-1993 revealed that this cultivar has a resistance to Dutch elm disease, although the original Princeton Elm, which grew in Princeton Cemetery and was estimated to be over 150 years old, was felled in April 2005 after suffering 60% dieback, attributed by some accounts to Dutch Elm Disease.
Moreover, trees introduced to the UK, where the larger bark beetle Scolytus scolytus is the principal vector, were found to be susceptible, many died, as did all 20 sent to Eisele, for testing by inoculation with the pathogen. Princeton Elms planted in North America are prone to leaf damage by Japanese beetles Popillia japonica. Trees grown in the UK have proven susceptible to damage by leaf-feeding insects, far more so than native or Asiatic elms. Henry noted that such damage was common to all American Elm Ulmus americana grown in the UK. Trees grown in northern California at U C Davis became infested with leaf curling aphids, producing copious amounts of honeydew. Examples of ` Princeton' were planted along another road in Princeton; the cultivar was more chosen to replace elms killed by disease along Pennsylvania Avenue in front of the White House.'Princeton' is being evaluated in the United States as part of the National Elm Trial coordinated by Colorado State University. The tree has been introduced to the UK.
In 2004 three specimens were planted in the gardens of Oxford. Two years later,'Princeton' was planted by HRH The Prince of Wales to create the Anniversary Avenue at his residence Highgrove House, however all the trees were removed and burnt in 2012 after five died of DED. In 2009, 100 Princetons were planted in Phoenix Park, Dublin, to replace some of the 2000 native elms lost to Dutch elm disease since the 1980s. Arnold Arboretum, US. Acc. nos. 352-91, 561-89. Bartlett Tree Experts, US. Acc. nos. 2001-249, 2001-250, 2001-251, 2001-484, 2001-485, 2003-964. Brentwood, Pennsylvania Arboretum, US. 11 specimens planted as street trees along educational campus, no acc. details available. Dawes Arboretum, Ohio, US. 2 trees, no acc. details available. Holden Arboretum, US. Acc. nos. 2002-435, 2003-174, 56-908. Longwood Gardens, US. Acc. nos. 2000-0362, 2002-0414, 2003-0032, 2004-0675. Morton Arboretum, US. Acc. no. 125-2008. U S National Arboretum, Washington, D. C. US. Acc. no. 57842 Brighton & Hove City Council, UK.
NCCPG Elm Collection. Grange Farm Arboretum, Sutton St. James, Lincs. UK. Acc. no. 697. Great Fontley, Fareham, UK, Butterfly Conservation Elm Trials plantation, Home Field. Royal Horticultural Society Gardens, Wisley, UK. Planted bed WA 0201, c.2002. Wijdemeren City Council, Elm collection. Five trees Planted Overmeerseweg, Nederhorst den Berg 2015. Carlton Plants, LLC, Oregon, US. Charles Fiore Nurseries, Prairie View, Illinois, US. Johnson Farms, New Jersey, US. Riveredge Farms, Georgia, US. Sharp Top Trees, Georgia, US; the Botany Shop Garden Center, Missouri, US. Photograph from 2002 of Princeton elms lining Washington Road in Princeton, New Jersey
Princeton University Department of History
The Princeton University Department of History is an academic department at Princeton University in Princeton, New Jersey. The department is one of the leading and most prestigious history departments in the country, offering coursework at the undergraduate and graduate levels in numerous fields and subfields; the department is home to 60 faculty members, many of whom teach courses in other departments as well. The 2018 U. S. News & World Report ranked the department as No. 1 in the United States, tied with Stanford University and Yale University, while the National Research Council ranked the department as No. 1 in the country for research and scholarship. Initial coursework for the history curriculum was established in 1871 with courses on the philosophy of history and political science; the first faculty member to have the title of Professor of History was Charles Woodruff Shields, from 1869 to 1882. Eventual president Woodrow Wilson founded the Department of History and Economics in 1904.
Winthrop More Daniels became the first chairman of the new Department. Economics branched off in 1913, Politics in 1924. Interest in the History in the Philosophy of Science emerged in the 1930s, making the now History of Science program one of the oldest in the country; the program was established in the 1960s by Professor Charles Coulston Gillispie. The department launched The Papers of Thomas Jefferson project in December 1943, which aims to prepare the "definitive scholarly edition of the correspondence and papers written by America's author of the Declaration of Independence and third president." As of 2017, the program has published 43 volumes of documents written to or by Thomas Jefferson. Lawrence Stone, professor at University College and Corpus Christi College joined the department in 1963 after two years at the Institute for Advanced Study, he served as chairman from 1967 to 1970 and was fundamental in its development as a regarded leader in the discipline. The Lawrence Stone Lectures, annual lectures held at the university, are named in his honor.
In 1968, Shelby Cullom Davis, Class of'30, gave $5,000,000 to the department in order "to assure the continuance of excellence in scholarship and the teaching of history at Princeton University." With these funds, the department established the Davis Center for Historical Studies. The center hosts weekly seminars, a cohort of postgraduate students each year. In 1969, Dr. Nancy Weiss Malkiel became the first woman to join the Department of History; the Davis Center became one of the most innovative and influential centers for historical studies. In 2015, a $5,000,000 gift from John P. Birkelund, Class of'52, established the Program in History and the Practice of Diplomacy at the University; the interdisciplinary program combines coursework in history and other social sciences in order to aid in preparation "for careers in governmental and nongovernmental organizations that preserve stability and improve lives around the world."Nine Princeton historians to date have served as president of the American Historical Association: William Milligan Sloane in 1911, Dana Carleton Munro in 1926, Thomas J. Wertenbaker in 1947, Julian P. Boyd in 1964, Robert Roswell Palmer in 1970, Joseph Strayer in 1971, Gordon A. Craig in 1982, Natalie Zemon Davis in 1987, Anthony Grafton in 2011.
The Department of History offers a diverse array of coursework and opportunities for research. Students are able to take courses in other departments, such as Politics, East Asian Studies, the Woodrow Wilson School of Public and International Affairs. Undergraduate students who concentrate in History can earn an A. B. are able to choose from over forty different undergraduate courses each year. Additionally, undergraduates can showcase their research in the biannual publication of the Princeton Historical Review. Like all undergraduates at Princeton, history concentrators are required to complete a senior thesis based on original research; the department awards the Stone / Davis Prize to students who have conducted a well researched projects using extensive archival sources. The graduate program in history prepares students for a career as professional researchers and historians; each year, the department receives 400 applications and enrolls a cohort of 20-25 students each year. Upon passing the requirements of the program, students are offered a Ph.
D. in History or a Ph. D. in History of Science. Alumni of the program progress to careers in academia, including at Harvard University, Yale University, or Stanford University, as well as in law and business. In the 2018-2019 academic year 8.6% of applicants were accepted into the program. All graduate students are guaranteed a five-year stipend, they may earn additional funding from Princeton's Assistantships in Research and Assistantships in Instruction programs. The Department of History is ranked as one of the premier institutions for the study of history in the country and in the world. U. S. News & World Report college rankings places the department at No. 1 in the United States. The Chronicle of Higher Education publishes the National Research Council rankings which ranks Princeton as No. 1 on its Research rank. The Times Higher Education World University Rankings ranks the department at No. 7 in the world. The department maintains a number of affiliations with a number of centers and research institutes.
Shelby Cullom Davis Center Global History Lab Center for Collaborative History Program in History and the Practice of Diplomacy Princeton Institute for International and Regional Studies Princeton
Center for Information Technology Policy
The Center for Information Technology Policy at Princeton University is a leading interdisciplinary research center, dedicated to exploring the intersection of technology, public policy, the social sciences. Faculty and other researchers come from a variety of disciplines, including Computer Science, Politics, Engineering and the Woodrow Wilson School of Public and International Affairs; the CITP conducts research in a number of areas, such as Internet of Things, Artificial Intelligence and Machine Learning and Cryptocurrencies, Electronic Voting, Government Transparency, Intellectual Property. Various media outlets, government agencies, private organizations have cited the research of the CITP; the current Director of the CITP is Edward Felten, the Robert E. Kahn Professor of Computer Science and Public Affairs at Princeton University, he has served as the Deputy U. S. Chief Technology Officer and as the first Chief Technologist for the Federal Trade Commission. One of the leading research initiatives at the CITP centers on electronic voting.
Felten, Ariel J. Feldman, J. Alex Halderman conducted security analysis on a Diebold AccuVote-TS voting machine, one of the most used machines of its kind, they discovered a method. Their research gained additional media attention when it was brought before the U. S. Senate Select Committee on Intelligence in June 2017; the Interconnection Measurement Project is an annual initiative at the CITP that provides ongoing data collection and analysis from ISP interconnection points. Aggregated data serving 50 percent of residential broadband subscribes is collected every 5 minutes; the CITP offers an undergraduate certificate in Technology and Society, Information Technology Track. This program requires students to complete a combination of core, technology and breadth courses in and outside the area of information technology; the goal of the program is to help students better understand how technology drives social change and how society itself shapes technology. The CITP hosts a number of workshops, policy briefings, lecture series, initiatives at Princeton University.
William Penn was the son of Sir William Penn, was an English nobleman, early Quaker, founder of the English North American colony the Province of Pennsylvania. He was an early advocate of democracy and religious freedom, notable for his good relations and successful treaties with the Lenape Native Americans. Under his direction, the city of Philadelphia was developed. In 1681, King Charles II handed over a large piece of his American land holdings to Penn to pay the debts the king owed to Penn's father; this land included present-day Delaware. Penn set sail and took his first step on American soil in New Castle in 1682 after his trans-Atlantic journey. On this occasion, the colonists pledged allegiance to Penn as their new proprietor, the first general assembly was held in the colony. Afterward, Penn founded Philadelphia. However, Penn's Quaker government was not viewed favorably by the Dutch and English settlers in what is now Delaware, they had no "historical" allegiance to Pennsylvania, so they immediately began petitioning for their own assembly.
In 1704 they achieved their goal when the three southernmost counties of Pennsylvania were permitted to split off and become the new semi-autonomous colony of Lower Delaware. As the most prominent and influential "city" in the new colony, New Castle became the capital; as one of the earlier supporters of colonial unification, Penn wrote and urged for a union of all the English colonies in what was to become the United States of America. The democratic principles that he set forth in the Pennsylvania Frame of Government served as an inspiration for the United States Constitution; as a pacifist Quaker, Penn considered the problems of peace deeply. He developed a forward-looking project for a United States of Europe through the creation of a European Assembly made of deputies who could discuss and adjudicate controversies peacefully, he is therefore considered the first thinker to suggest the creation of a European Parliament. A man of deep religious convictions, Penn wrote numerous works in which he exhorted believers to adhere to the spirit of Primitive Christianity.
He was imprisoned several times in the Tower of London due to his faith, his book No Cross, No Crown, which he wrote while in prison, has become a Christian classic. William Penn was born in 1644 at Tower Hill, the son of English Admiral Sir William Penn, Margaret Jasper, from a Dutch family the widow of a Dutch captain, the daughter of a rich merchant from Rotterdam. William Penn, Sr. served in the Commonwealth Navy during the English Civil War and was rewarded by Oliver Cromwell with estates in Ireland. The lands were seized from Irish Catholics in retaliation for the failed Irish Rebellion of 1641. Admiral Penn took part in the restoration of Charles II and was knighted and served in the Royal Navy. At the time of his son's birth, Captain Penn was twenty-three and an ambitious naval officer in charge of quelling Irish Catholic unrest and blockading Irish ports. William Penn grew up during the rule of Oliver Cromwell, who succeeded in leading a Puritan rebellion against King Charles I. Penn's father was at sea.
Little William caught smallpox at a young age, losing all his hair, prompting his parents to move from the suburbs to an estate in Essex. The country life made a lasting impression on young Penn, kindled in him a love of horticulture, their neighbor was famed diarist Samuel Pepys, friendly at first but secretly hostile to the Admiral embittered in part by his failed seductions of both Penn's mother and his sister Peggy. Penn was educated first at Chigwell School, by private tutors whilst in Ireland, at Christ Church, Oxford. At that time, there were no state schools and nearly all educational institutions were affiliated with the Anglican Church. Children from poor families had to have a wealthy sponsor to get an education. Penn's education leaned on the classical authors and "no novelties or conceited modern writers" were allowed including William Shakespeare. Foot racing was Penn's favorite sport, he would run the more than three-mile distance from his home to the school; the school itself was cast in an Anglican mode – strict and somber – and teachers had to be pillars of virtue and provide sterling examples to their charges.
Though opposing Anglicanism on religious grounds, Penn absorbed many Puritan behaviors, was known for his serious demeanor, strict behavior and lack of humor. After a failed mission to the Caribbean, Admiral Penn and his family were exiled to his lands in Ireland, it was during this period, when Penn was about fifteen, that he met Thomas Loe, a Quaker missionary, maligned by both Catholics and Protestants. Loe was admitted to the Penn household and during his discourses on the "Inner Light", young Penn recalled that "the Lord visited me and gave me divine Impressions of Himself."A year Cromwell was dead, the royalists resurging, the Penn family returned to England. The middle class aligned itself with the royalists and Admiral Penn was sent on a secret mission to bring back exiled Prince Charles. For his role in restoring the monarchy, Admiral Penn was knighted and gained a powerful position as Commissioner of the Navy. In 1660, Penn enrolled as a gentleman scholar with an assigned servant; the student body was a volatile mix of swashbuckling Cavaliers, sober Puritans, nonconforming Quakers.
The new government's discouragement of religious dissent gave the Cavalier