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Washington Territory

The Territory of Washington was an organized incorporated territory of the United States that existed from March 2, 1853, until November 11, 1889, when the territory was admitted to the Union as the State of Washington. It was created from the portion of the Oregon Territory north of the lower Columbia River and north of the 46th parallel east of the Columbia. At its largest extent, it included the entirety of modern Idaho and parts of Montana and Wyoming, before attaining its final boundaries in 1863. Agitation in favor of self-government developed in the regions of the Oregon Territory north of the Columbia River in 1851–1852. A group of prominent settlers from the Cowlitz and Puget Sound regions met on November 25, 1852, at the "Monticello Convention" in present-day Longview, to draft a petition to the United States Congress calling for a separate territory north of the Columbia River. After gaining approval from the Oregon territorial government, the proposal was sent to the federal government.

The bill to establish the territory, H. R. 348, was reported in the U. S. House of Representatives by Representative Charles E. Stuart on January 25, 1853. Representative Richard H. Stanton argued that the proposed name—the "Territory of Columbia"—might be confused for the District of Columbia, suggested a name honoring George Washington instead; the bill was thus amended with the name "Washington", though not without some debate, passed in the House on February 10, passed in the Senate on March 2, signed by President Millard Fillmore on the same day. The argument against naming the territory Washington came from senator Alexander Evans of Maryland. Evans felt, he stated it would be more appropriate to give the territory "some beautiful Indian name". The decision was contrary to the wishes of residents, local papers reported mixed feeling from citizens, though the general reception of the renaming was positive Isaac Stevens, appointed the territory's first governor, declared Olympia to be the territorial capital.

Stevens was integral in the drafting and negotiation of treaties with native bands in the Washington Territory. A territorial legislature was elected and first met in February 1854, the territorial supreme court issued its first decision in the year. Columbia Lancaster was elected as the first delegate to U. S. Congress; the original boundaries of the territory included all of the present day State of Washington, as well as northern Idaho and Montana west of the continental divide. On the admission of the State of Oregon to the union in 1859, the eastern portions of the Oregon Territory, including southern Idaho, portions of Wyoming west of the continental divide, a small portion of present-day Ravalli County, Montana were annexed to the Washington Territory; the southeastern tip of the territory was sent to Nebraska Territory on March 2, 1861. In 1863, the area of Washington Territory east of the Snake River and the 117th meridian was reorganized as part of the newly created Idaho Territory, leaving the territory within the current boundaries of Washington State, admitted to the Union on November 11, 1889 as the 42nd US state.

Prior to statehood, multiple settlements in the territory were contending for the title of capital. Among the top contenders for the title, besides Olympia, were Steilacoom and Port Townsend. After Olympia was chosen as the capital, contention never ended until the completion of the capitol. Washington Territory's At-large congressional district Historic regions of the United States History of Washington Oregon Treaty, 1846 Territorial evolution of the United States Oregon Country, 1818–1846 Historical Timeline of Events Leading to the formation of Washington State, from Washington State University Early Washington Maps, more than 925 maps hosted by WSU "The Long Wait for Statehood, Why it took Washington 36 years and Idaho 26 years to achieve their goals", Columbia: Fall 1988. Oregon, Washington Territory, western Nebraska Territory, southern British Columbia, in 1860. Showing political divisions and Emigrant Trail. General Map of the North Pacific States and Territories Belonging to the United States and of British Columbia, Extending from Lake Superior to the Pacific Ocean, 1865, David Rumsey Collection Hawes, J. W..

"Washington, a territory of the United States". The American Cyclopædia

Castles and Dreams

Castles and Dreams is a DVD released by the band Blackmore's Night in 2005. It was released as a Region 2 DVD on May 2005 after being pushed back multiple times, it was released as a Region 1 DVD on October 11, 2005. "Castles and Dreams" is a song by Blackmore’s Night from their 1999 album Under a Violet Moon. In 2008 the DVD went Gold in Germany. Intro 00:55 Cartouche 06:01 Queen for a Day I 03:23 Queen for a Day II 02:22 Under a Violet Moon 5:31 Minstrel Hall 03:13 Past Times With Good Company 06:00 Soldier of Fortune 03:52 Durch den Wald zum Bach Haus 04:36 Once in a Million Years 04:27 Mr. Peagram's Morris And Sword 02:15 Home Again 08:17 Ghost of a Rose 07:45 Child in Time / Mond Tanz 06:25 Wind in the Willows 05:51 Village on the Sand 07:21 Renaissance Faire 05:11 The Clock Ticks On 09:10 Loreley 03:59 All for One 08:32 Black Night 06:12 Dandelion Wine / Jo Jo Bizarre Adventures 4:51 Behind the Scenes Ritchie Blackmore Guitar Special I Think it's Going to Rain Today - Burg Rheinfels Christmas Eve- Burg Waldeck 2004 Shadow of the Moon Queen for a Day Under a Violet Moon The Times They Are A Changin' Way to Mandalay Once in a Million Years Hanging Tree Christmas Eve Blackmore's Night: The Story Once Upon a Time: The Ritchie and Candice Story Tour Start: St. Goar 2004 Hanging Tree: Making Music with Our Friends Schlossgeister- German TV Special Goldene Henne- German TV Appearance Fernsehgarten- German TV Appearance Discography- Blackmore's Night Biography- Candice Night Biography- Ritchie Blackmore Interview- Band and Members Slide Show Candice Night Private Movies Castles and Dreams review at BellaOnline

Bisca (card game)

Bisca is a card game based on the Italian deck. The game is played by either 2 players, or 4 players playing either as individuals or in partner pairs, it is played with the common 52-card French deck, but with the 8, 9 and 10 of each suite removed, creating the 40 cards required to play. The main objective of the game is to accumulate more points than the opponent, based on the cards that are captured and forfeited, it uses the Ace with value of 11 points and the seven with a value of 10 points, the King worth 4 points, Jack worth 3 points, the Queen worth 2 points. The game is played anticlockwise; the first dealer is chosen at the turn to deal passes to the right after each hand. The dealer shuffles the player at the dealer's left cuts; the dealer gives 3 cards to each player, one card at a time, beginning with the player to dealer's right, going around anticlockwise and ending with the dealer. The next card is turned face up, its suit becomes trumps, it is placed at the bottom of the deck visible.

The player who cut the deck begins by placing a card from the three received in the deal. The opponent places one of his cards, which will determine whether he captures or forfeits the cards on the table, based on the following precedence: If the cards are the same suit, the highest value card wins. After the play each player takes a new card from the top of the deck and this is repeated until you finish the cards in the deck; the player who won the round plays the first card of the next round. At the end of the game, the captured cards values are counted up by adding their point values. Since the maximum score is 120 points, a player who accumulate 60 or more points before the game ends is the winner and earn 1 set point in the game. Bisca can be played in pairs, where each player is facing/opposite their partner. In Bisca, the goal is to win tricks containing valuable cards; the card values are: There are several variants of the rules: The standard game known as "Bisca dos Tres", is played with each player being dealt 3 cards.

"Bisca dos Sete" is played with each player being dealt 7 cards. "Bisca dos Nove" with each player being dealt 9 cards. Three player Bisca is played the same as the two player version, but the deck is reduced to 39 cards by taking away a 2. Six or eight player Bisca is possible with two decks, making up 80 cards. Simplified variants: In Anglo-French communities, the Queen-Jack rank reversal is seen as confusing, thus played with the Queen valued at 3 points, the Jack valued at 2 points. Card ranking becomes: A 7 K Q J 6 5 4 3 2 The Seven card can be replaced by the Ten card to aid younger players. Card ranking becomes: A 10 K J Q 6 5 4 3 2 It's worth noting that the 4 player partnerships version, with 10 cards dealt for each player, is known as Sueca. Briscola Sueca Bisca How to Play Briscola