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Washout (aeronautics)

Washout is a characteristic of aircraft wing design which deliberately reduces the lift distribution across the span of an aircraft’s wing. The wing is designed so that the angle of incidence is greater at the wing roots and decreases across the span, becoming lowest at the wing tip; this is to ensure that at stall speed the wing root stalls before the wing tips, providing the aircraft with continued aileron control and some resistance to spinning. Washout may be used to modify the spanwise lift distribution to reduce lift-induced drag. Washout is achieved by designing the wing with a slight twist, reducing the angle of incidence from root to tip, therefore causing a lower angle of attack at the tips than at the roots; this feature is sometimes referred to as structural washout, to distinguish it from aerodynamic washout. Wingtip stall is unlikely to occur symmetrically if the aircraft is maneuvering; as an aircraft turns, the wing tip on the inside of the turn is moving more and is most to stall.

As an aircraft rolls, the descending wing tip is at higher angle of attack and is most to stall. When one wing tip stalls it leads to a rapid rolling motion. Roll control may be reduced if the airflow over the ailerons is disrupted by the stall, reducing their effectiveness. On aircraft with swept wings, wing tip stall produces an undesirable nose-up pitching moment which hampers recovery from the stall. Washout may be accomplished by other means e.g. modified aerofoil section, vortex generators, leading edge wing fences, notches, or stall strips. This is referred to as aerodynamic washout, its purpose is to reduce the probability of wing tip stall. Winglets have the opposite effect to washout. Winglets allow a greater proportion of lift to be generated near the wing tips. Winglets promote a greater bending moment at the wing root necessitating a heavier wing structure. Installation of winglets may necessitate greater aerodynamic washout in order to provide the required resistance to spinning, or to optimise the spanwise lift distribution.

The reverse twist, wash-in, can be found in some designs though less common. Wing twist Stall Spin

Meera Kosambi

Meera Kosambi was a prominent Indian sociologist. She was the youngest daughter of eminent historian and mathematician, D. D. Kosambi, granddaughter of Acharya Dharmananda Damodar Kosambi, a Buddhist scholar and a Pāli language expert, she received a Ph. D. in sociology from the University of Stockholm. She is the author of women's studies in India, she served for nearly a decade as the director of the Research Centre for Women's Studies at the SNDT University for Women, Mumbai. Her much acclaimed work is on the 19th century Indian feminist Pandita Ramabai, whose writings she compiled and translated from Marathi, she has translated and edited the autobiography and scholarly writings of her grandfather Dharmananda Damodar Kosambi. Kosambi died in Pune on 26 February 2015 after a brief illness aged 75. 1986 Bombay in Transition: The Growth and Social Ecology of a Colonial City, 1880-1980, Sweden: Almqvist & Wiksell International 1994 Women's Oppression in the Public Gaze: an Analysis of Newspaper Coverage, State Action and Activist Response, Bombay: Research Centre for Women’s Studies, S.

N. D. T. Women’s University 1994 Urbanization and Urban Development in India, New Delhi: Indian Council of Social Science Research 1995 Pandita Ramabai’s Feminist and Christian Conversions: Focus on Stree Dharma-neeti, Bombay: Research Centre for Women’s Studies, S. N. D. T. Women’s University 1996 Women in Decision-Making in the Private Sector in India, Mumbai: Research Centre for Women’s Studies, S. N. D. T. Women’s University 2000 Intersections: Socio-Cultural Trends in Maharashtra, New Delhi: Orient Longman, New Delhi 2000 Pandita Ramabai Through Her Own Words: Selected Works New Delhi. 2007 Crossing Thresholds: Feminist Essays in Social History, Ranikhet: Permanent Black 2011 Nivedan: The Autobiography of Dharmanand Kosambi, trans. by Meera Kosambi. Ranikhet: Permanent Black. 2012 Women Writing Gender, Ranikhet: Permanent Black, ISBN 978-8178243368 2013 Dharmanand Kosambi: The Essential Writings, ed. by Meera Kosambi. Orient Blackswan. * Video. Meera Kosambi speaks at the release of Dharmananda Kosambi: The Essential Writings

Zafar Mahmood Abbasi

Admiral Zafar Mahmood Abbasi, NI, HI, SI, is a four-star rank admiral in the Pakistan Navy, serving as the Chief of the Naval Staff of Pakistan Navy since 7 October 2017. Abbasi joined the Pakistan Navy in 1979 after graduating from Cadet College Hasanabdal, he was educated at the Pakistan Naval Academy and did his initial training at the Britannia Royal Naval College in Dartmouth in the United Kingdom. He was commissioned in the Navy as a Lieutenant in 1981 upon graduating from the Naval Academy and was conferred with the Sword of Honour, he served as an executive officer in a Tariq-class destroyer. He joined the Submarine Branch, specialised in underwater warfare in Pakistan as well as qualified for the surface warfare from the United States, he is a graduate of the Royal Australian Naval College, attending it in 1989, attained a B. S. and a MSc from the National Defence University. His command assignment included his role as commandant of the Naval Academy, as well as Director-General of the Maritime Security Agency, which he commanded from 2010 until 2011.

From 2001–2003, he was the commanding officer of the PNS Khaiber. From 2005 until 2007, he commanded 25th Destroyer Squadron. In 2008, he was promoted to one-star rank and was the Assistant Chief of the Naval Staff and the Assistant Chief of the Naval Staff, until he was promoted to two-star rank in 2010. Rear-Admiral Abbasi took over the command of the Combined Task Force 150 which he led from April 2010 until October 2010. In 2013, Rear-Admiral Abbasi took over the command as Commander Logistics but this was a short-lived appointment. In 2013, Rear-Admiral Abbasi was appointed as the Commander of the Karachi Coast, becoming Flag officer commanding of the Pakistan Marines. In 2014, Rear-Admiral Abbasi was appointed as fleet commander of the Pakistan Navy as Commander Pakistan Fleet with three-star rank promotion. In 2014, Vice-Admiral Abbasi was a contender to be appointed as a four-star admiral and take over the command of the Navy as its Chief of Naval Staff, alongside with Vice-Admiral Khan Hasham bin Saddique and Vice-Admiral S. A. Hussaini.

However, the most senior admiral in the Navy, Admiral Mohammad Zakaullah was promoted to the four-star appointment, He continued serving as the Deputy Chief of the Naval Staff at the Naval Headquarters. Upon the retirement of Vice-Admiral Khan Hasham bin Saddique, Vice-Admiral Abbasi took over as the vice chief of naval staff in June 2017. On 3 October 2017, Vice-Admiral Abbasi was promoted to four-star admiral in the Navy, was announced by the MoD of his appointment to take over the command of the Navy as Chief of Naval Staff, he was the senior most-ranking admiral in the Navy. On 7 October 2017, Admiral Abbasi took over the command of the Navy as Chief of Naval Staff from outgoing Admiral Muhammad Zakaullah at the PNS Zafar in Islamabad. On 30 October 2017, Admiral Abbasi was conferred and honored with Nishan-i-Imtiaz by the President Mamnoon Hussain for "recognition of his long meritorious services, exceptionally commendable performance and inspirational devotion to duty."On 13 March 2018, Abbasi was awarded with Saudi Arabia's Order of King Abdulaziz by the Chief of General Staff of the Royal Saudi Armed Forces Fayyadh Al Ruwaili.

On 2 February 2020, Abbasi was awarded Indonesia's highest military award. Pakistan Marines Syed Arifullah Hussaini

Momčilo Gavrić

Momčilo Gavrić was the youngest known soldier in the First World War, accepted into his unit at the age of seven, promoted to the rank of corporal at the age of eight. He was born in Trbušnica, near Loznica, on the slopes of the mountain Gučevo, as the eighth child of eleven, in the family of Alimpije and Jelena Gavrić. In the beginning of August 1914, Austro-Hungarian soldiers of 42nd Croatian Home Guard Infantry Division maimed and hanged his father, grandmother, his three sisters, four of his brothers, his house was set on fire. Momčilo survived because he was not at home when it happened—his father had sent him to his uncle earlier. Left without family and without a home, Momčilo went to find the 6th Artillery Division of the Serbian army, near Gučevo at the time. Major Stevan Tucović, brother of Dimitrije Tucović, accepted Gavrić into his unit after hearing about what had happened, assigned Miloš Mišović, a soldier in the unit, to be Gavrić's caretaker; the same evening, he took revenge by showing his unit the location of the Austro-Hungarian soldiers, participated in the bombardment, as told by his son Branislav Gavrić in an interview.

At the age of 8, after the Battle of Cer, he was promoted to the rank of Corporal by the commander of his unit, given a military uniform. When his unit was sent to Thessaloniki, Major Tucović sent him to Sorovits where he hastily went through the equivalent of four grades of elementary education. In Kajmakčalan, Field Marshal Mišić was stunned when he saw a uniformed ten-year-old boy in the trenches. Major Tucović explained the situation to him. Mišić promoted Gavrić to Lance Sergeant, the order was read out to the whole division. After the liberation of Belgrade, Major Tucović made sure that Gavrić would receive aid from a British mission, helping war orphans in Serbia, he was sent to England, finished his education at the Henry Wreight School in Faversham, graduating in 1921. He returned to Serbia the same year, after Serbian Prime Minister Nikola Pašić ordered the return of all children to Serbia. In Trbušnica, he was reunited with his three brothers who had survived the murders in 1914. According to his son Branislav, Momčilo Gavrić had an incident with the law in 1929.

He was working in Šabac and Belgrade when he reached the age of conscription, at the military barracks in Slavonska Požega, he reported that he had been in the army during the war. He said that he had been wounded, had received the Albanian Commemorative Medal. However, an ethnic Croat in the Royal Yugoslav Army tried to push Gavrić into signing a confession that he had told a lie, he refused, was sent to prison, spending two months there. After another period of military service, he returned to Belgrade, where he learnt graphic design and took his driver's license. There, he married his wife Kosara, with whom he worked in the Vapa paper mill. Branislav Gavrić further told that during the Second World War, Momčilo was imprisoned twice by the German occupying forces. After the war, in 1947, OZNA arrested him for claiming that the Albanians were no brothers to Serbs and saying how he "felt that brotherhood of theirs in 1915, when they were killing us", during a time when the presidents of Yugoslavia and Albania were great friends.

In 1987, he participated in a Yugoslav documentary about his experiences during the First World War. Momčilo Gavrić died in Belgrade in 1993. There are memorials dedicated to him in the Jadar Museum in Loznica. In 2014, a street in Loznica was named after him. On 2 April 2015, the Serbian government decided to raise a monument in Belgrade dedicated to Gavrić. Sin drinske divizije by Dragiša Penjin, 1986. Sa Gučeva u legendu by Milisav Sekulić, 2009. Momčilo Gavrić - najmlađi kaplar na svetu by Branislav Goldner, 2013. ISBN 978-86-7157-622-2 Sudbina najmlađeg kaplara by Svetlana Milovanović, 2014. ISBN 978-86-7594-034-0 Serbian Campaign Dragoljub Jeličić, Serbian soldier Boško Buha, Yugoslav soldier Spomenko Gostić, Bosnian Serb soldier Military use of children Interview/documentary from 1987, featuring Momčilo Gavrić himself on YouTube Documentary about Momčilo Gavrić, including interviews with his relatives on YouTube

Super Puzzle Fighter II Turbo

Super Puzzle Fighter II Turbo, released in Japan as Super Puzzle Fighter II X, is a one or two player tile-matching puzzle video game first released in 1996 by the Capcom Coin-Op division of Capcom on the CPS II arcade system. The game's title is a parody of Super Street Fighter II Turbo, as there were no other Puzzle Fighter games at the time, the game includes music and interface elements spoofing the Street Fighter Alpha and Darkstalkers games, it was a response to Sega's Puyo Puyo 2, sweeping the Japanese arcade scene. A HD-remake version titled Super Puzzle Fighter II Turbo HD Remix, is available on Microsoft's Xbox Live Arcade and Sony's PlayStation Network. A successor, Puzzle Fighter, was released for mobile devices in 2017. Super Puzzle Fighter II Turbo HD Remix was made backwards compatible on Xbox One in June 2019. Puzzle Fighter is a puzzle game, similar to the Sega arcade game Baku Baku Animal; as in the Capcom arcade game Pnickies, the player controls pairs of blocks that drop into a pit-like playfield.

In Puzzle Fighter, gems can only be eliminated by coming into contact with a Crash Gem of the same color, which eliminates all adjacent gems of that color, setting up the potential for huge chain reactions. When gems are eliminated, "garbage blocks" called Counter Gems drop into the opponent's playfield. Most Counter Gems start at "5" and are reduced by one each time a new pair of gems is dropped on that board; the only way to eliminate Counter Gems before they become normal gems is to place a Crash Gem of that color nearby so it eliminates at least one normal gem. If this is done, all Counter Gems adjacent to the Crash Gem will be taken out as well. Additionally, gems of the same color that form squares or rectangles in the pit become a giant Power Gem of that size and color; the only other type of piece to appear is a diamond, which eliminates all the gems—normal, Power and Crash alike—of whichever color gem it lands on. The diamond piece appears every 25 pieces. Puzzle Fighter borrowed rules found in Puyo Puyo 2 called Sousai.

This will allow a player to counter and negate garbage being sent by the opponent with chains of their own. Sousai can be used to send garbage back to the opponent, known as Garbage overflow. During the game, super deformed versions of various characters from Capcom's two main fighting game series act out a comical battle based on how the game is going; every time one player sends Counter Gems to their opponent, their character will perform a typical fighting-game action, anything from a taunt to a special move. The more Counter Gems the player sends over, the "bigger" the move the character will perform; these animations, are purely cosmetic and have no actual bearing on the gameplay other than to indicate the magnitude of the counters. The game continues; that player is the loser. The Dreamcast version of the game adds three separate modes: X-Mode, Y-Mode, Z-Mode. Whereas X-mode is the original version of the core game, Y-Mode and Z-Mode have more drastic gameplay changes. Y-Mode makes the gems break as soon as three or more are aligned in a row, column, or diagonally, like in Columns, whereas Z-mode makes lines of gems rise up from the bottom of the screen, the player controls a 2x2 square cursor, with which they rotate already-placed pieces to Tetris Attack.

The story takes place in United States and China. The 8+ characters are borrowed from Capcom's two major fighting game sequels, Street Fighter Alpha 2 and Night Warriors: Darkstalkers' Revenge. A spin-off that uses most of these character sprites called Pocket Fighter was released in 1997. Ryu from Street Fighter Ken from Street Fighter Chun-Li from Street Fighter II Sakura from Street Fighter Alpha 2 Morrigan from Darkstalkers Donovan from Night Warriors Hsien-Ko from Night Warriors Felicia from Darkstalkers Akuma from Super Street Fighter II Turbo· The arch rival and enemy of both Ryu and Ken, as well as the final boss and playable character. Dan from Street Fighter Alpha· The game's instructor and frustratingly playable "master", the exact opposite of Akuma. Devilotte from Cyberbots: Full Metal Madness· A hidden boss and playable character, a tyrannical princess assisated by two lackies named Xavier & Jigokū Daishi, she traveled back in time from the future of 2099 to challenge the strongest Puzzle Fighter besides Akuma.

Mei-Ling from Night Warriors· Hsien-Ko's twin sister, the talisman on her hat and is playable in consoles only. Anita from Night Warriors · A young girl. Super Puzzle Fighter II Turbo HD Remix is a downloadable game in the Puzzle Fighter franchise for PlayStation 3 and Xbox 360. HD Remix was announced to include several graphical upgrades in the interface, character sprites, levels. Super Puzzle Fighter II Turbo: HD Remix has updated high-definition

Thuso Phala

Thuso Phala is a South African football midfielder who plays for Premier Soccer League club Black Leopards. He is the inventor of Thuso Phala dance moves that are becoming popular to South African soccer fans and dancers at large, the moves he makes after he scores a goal. Phala was featured in a BBC documentary in 2004 entitled'Football and Freedom' which followed the paths of two 13-year-old South Africans aiming to become professional footballers. Since making his debut for the South Africa national football team in 2010, Phala has appeared at both the 2013 and 2015 Africa Cup of Nations, he scored Bafana Bafana's opening goal of the 2015 tournament in a 3–1 loss to Algeria. Thuso Phala at Thuso Phala at Soccerway