Elizabethton is a city in, the county seat of Carter County, United States. Elizabethton is the historical site of the first independent American government located west of both the Eastern Continental Divide and the original Thirteen Colonies; the city is the historical site of the Transylvania Purchase, a major muster site during the American Revolutionary War for both the Battle of Musgrove Mill and the Battle of Kings Mountain. It was within the secessionist North Carolina "State of Franklin" territory; the population of Elizabethton was enumerated at 14,008 during the 2010 census. Elizabethton is located within the "Tri-Cities" area of northeast Tennessee. Time offset from Coordinated Universal Time: UTC-5. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 9.9 square miles, of which 9.7 square miles is land and 0.2 square miles, or 1.62%, is water. The elevation at Elizabethton Municipal Airport is 1,593 feet ASL, the airport is located on the eastern side of the city along State Highway 91 Stoney Creek Exit.
Elizabethton is connected to larger commercial and cargo flights out of Tri-Cities Regional Airport northwest of Johnson City. Lynn Mountain reaches 2,060 feet ASL at the summit and is located directly across the U. S. Highway 19E from the downtown Elizabethton business district. Elizabethton is bordered on the west by Johnson City. While most of the Tennessee public water-supply systems withdrawing spring water for their supplies are found in East Tennessee, the Elizabethton municipal water system during 2010 extracted and distributed 5.39 Mgal/d of clean spring water from three springs owned by the city --- a unique local supply of flowing spring water that exceeds the volume of spring water extracted and distributed than any other local water resource system across the entire state of Tennessee. The Doe River forms in Carter County, near the North Carolina line, just south of Roan Mountain State Park; the river flows north and is first paralleled by State Route 143. S. Route 19E; the Doe River flows to the east of Fork Mountain.
Below the confluence of the Doe River and the Little Doe River at Hampton, the Doe River travels in a northern downstream direction through the Valley Forge community, is rejoined by U. S. Route 19E. Pushing through a mountain gap just north of Hampton, the volume of the river is amplified by the waters flowing from McCathern Spring. Further downstream, the Doe River flows by the East Side neighborhood parallel with Tennessee State Route 67 and underneath the historic Elizabethton Covered Bridge, built in 1882 and located within the Elizabethton downtown business district. Connecting 3rd Street and Hattie Avenue, the covered bridge is adjacent to a city park and spans the Doe River; the covered bridge, although now closed to motor traffic, is still open for bicycles and pedestrians. Most of Elizabethton's downtown is listed on the National Register of Historic Places for its historical and architectural merits; the Elizabethton Historic District contains a variety of properties ranging in age from the late 18th century through the 1930s.
The Elizabethton Covered Bridge is a well-known landmark in the state. In addition to the covered bridge, the downtown historic district contains the 1928 Elk Avenue concrete arch bridge, just a little further downstream on the Doe River, Tennessee State Route 67 passes another similar concrete arch bridge locally known as the Broad Street Bridge. Elizabethton celebrates in the downtown business area for one week each June with the Elizabethton Covered Bridge Days featuring country and gospel music performances, activities for children, Elk Avenue car club show, many food and crafts vendors. Two Tennessee Valley Authority reservoirs in Carter County—impounded behind the Watauga Dam and the downstream Wilbur Dam—are located southeast and upstream of Elizabethton on the Watauga River; the Appalachian Trail crosses the Watauga River and the TVA reservation in Carter County to the southeast of Elizabethton. The Watauga River flows westward past Elizabethton, which lies on the south bank of the Watauga and along either side of its principal tributary, the Doe River.
The downtown business district is located one-quarter mile upstream of the confluence of the Doe River and the Watauga River. The Doe River flows underneath the historic wooden covered bridge, located within the Elizabethton downtown business district; the city of Elizabethton was at one time promoted as "The City of Power", as the town is located just southeast of the Wilbur Dam hydrogeneration site spanning the Watauga River. Construction of Wilbur Dam first began during 1909, two hydroelectric generating units were online with power production at Wilbur Dam when it was completed in 1912. A third generating unit was added to Wilbur Dam in 1926, a fourth hydrogeneration unit was added to Wilbur Dam after the Tennessee Valley Authority acquired the power production facility in 1945; the Bee Cliff Rapids—a popular summer destination on the Watauga River for whitewater rafters during the summer months—are located southeast of Elizabethton and downstream of the TVA Wilbur Dam. The Watauga River downstream of the western side of Elizabethton has one of the
A city manager is an official appointed as the administrative manager of a city, in a council–manager form of city government. Local officials serving in this position are sometimes referred to as the chief executive officer or chief administrative officer in some municipalities. Dayton, Ohio suffered a great flood in 1913, responded with the innovation of a paid, non-political city manager, hired by the commissioners to run the bureaucracy. Other small or middle sized American cities in the West, adopted the idea. In Europe, smaller cities in the Netherlands were specially attracted by the plan. By 1940 there were small cities with city managers that grew enormously by the end of the century: Austin, Texas. In a technical sense, the term "city manager," as opposed to CAO, implies more discretion and independent authority, set forth in a charter or some other body of codified law, as opposed to duties being assigned on a varying basis by a single superior such as a mayor. Most sources trace the first city manager to Staunton, Virginia in 1908.
Some of the other cities that were among the first to employ a manager were Sumter, South Carolina and Dayton, Ohio. The first "City Manager's Association" meeting of eight city managers was in December 1914; the city manager, operating under the council-manager government form, was created in part to remove city government from the power of the political parties, place management of the city into the hands of an outside expert, a business manager or engineer, with the expectation that the city manager would remain neutral to city politics. By 1930 200 American cities used a city manager form of government; as the top appointed official in the city, the city manager is responsible for most if not all of the day-to-day administrative operations of the municipality, in addition to other expectations. Some of the basic roles and powers of a city manager include: Supervision of day-to-day operations of all city departments and staff through department heads. In addition, many states, such as the states of New Hampshire and Missouri, have codified in law the minimum functions a local "manager" must perform.
The City Manager position focuses on efficiency and providing a certain level of service for the lowest possible cost. The competence of a city manager can be assessed using composite indicators. Manager members of the ICMA are bound by a rather rigid and enforced code of ethics, established in 1924. Since that time the code had been up-dated/revised on seven occasions, the latest taking place in 1998; the updates have taken into account the evolving duties and expectations of the profession. In the early years of the profession, most managers came from the ranks of the engineering professions. Today the typical and preferred background and education for the beginning municipal manager is a master's degree in Public Administration and at least several years’ experience as a department head in local government or as an assistant city manager; as of 2005 more than 60% of those in the profession had a MPA, MBA, or other related higher-level degree. The average tenure of a manager is now 7–8 years and has risen over the years.
Tenures tend to be less in smaller communities and higher in larger ones, they tend to vary as well depending on the region of the country. Educational Level of Local Government Managers: Local government Local government in the United States council-manager government Clerk Kemp, Roger L. Managing America's Cities: A Handbook for Local Government Productivity, McFarland and Co. Jefferson, NC, USA, London, Eng. UK 1998. _______, Model Government Charters: A City, Regional and Federal Handbook, McFarland and Co. Jefferson, NC, USA, London, Eng. UK, 2003 _______, Forms of Local Government: A Handbook on City and Regional Options, McFarland and Co. Jefferson, NC, USA, London, Eng. UK, 2007. Stillman, Richard Joseph; the rise of the city manager: A public professional in local government. Weinste
Southlake Town Square
Southlake Town Square is a shopping precinct located in the city of Southlake, in the U. S. state of Texas. Owned and managed by RPAI Southwest Management, LLC. Centered on Southlake's Town Hall, Southlake Town Square is incorporating Southlake Town Hall, Southlake Municipal Court, Southlake Public Library, Southlake DPS Headquarters, single-family residential, over 100 stores, 27 eateries, three parks, medical offices, Harkins Theater, Hilton luxury boutique hotel; the plans to develop open pastures into an upscale downtown for the City of Southlake began back in the 90's. Shortly after plans were approved by the city council, Cooper & Stebbins began developing phase I of the Southlake Town Square master plan. Phase I consisted of 250,000 sq ft of the Southlake Town Hall, City of Southlake Public Library, a signature square with extensive landscaping, Rustin Park with a gazebo and pond, four blocks of retail with office overhead, the only Post Office in the area. In 2006, Cooper & Stebbins opened phase II of Southlake Town Square
Hurst is a city in the U. S. state of Texas located in the densely populated portion of northeastern Tarrant County and is part of the Dallas–Fort Worth metropolitan area. It is part of the Mid-Cities region, it is 13 miles from the Dallas/Fort Worth International Airport. As of the 2010 census, it had a population of 37,337; the City of Hurst is surrounded by other communities including Bedford, Fort Worth, Richland Hills, North Richland Hills and Colleyvile. Hurst’s education system is sponsored and served by the Hurst-Euless-Bedford Independent School District, while other school districts Grapevine-Colleyville ISD and Birdville ISD serve the far north and far west portions. Places of importance inside Hurst include the Tarrant County College campus, built in 1961, the newly constructed Tarrant County Northeast Courthouse, the headquarters of Bell Helicopter, The Hurst/Bell Station, jointly owned by the Dallas Area Rapid Transit and the Trinity Railway Express; the city’s premier shopping centre, North East Mall, ranked the #1 Shopping Mall in Tarrant County and is the third largest mall in the state of Texas.
The North East Mall opened in March 1972, is owned by the Indianapolis-based Simon Property Group. Hurst’s only cinema complex, the North East Cinemark Rave 18 opened in 2004. In 2012, Hurst was ranked at #48 as one of the Best Dallas Suburbs according to D Magazine; as of the census of 2011, there were 37,337 people, 14,652 households, 10,261 families residing in the city. The population density was 3,662.6 people per square mile. There were 15,761 housing units at an average density of 1,487.2 per square mile. The racial makeup of the city was 63.7% White, 5.6% African American, 0.7% Native American, 2.3% Asian, 0.3% Pacific Islander, 7.20% from other races, 1.93% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 24.1% of the population. There were 14,652 households out of which 33.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 57.2% were married couples living together, 11.6% had a female householder with no husband present, 27.1% were non-families. 22.4% of all households were made up of individuals and 7.2% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older.
The average household size was 2.56 and the average family size was 2.99. In the city, the population was spread out with 25.5% under the age of 18, 8.3% from 18 to 24, 30.3% from 25 to 44, 23.6% from 45 to 64, 12.4% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females, there were 94.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 91.2 males. The median income for a household in the city was $50,369, the median income for a family was $57,955. Males had a median income of $40,734 versus $29,551 for females; the per capita income for the city was $23,247. About 4.5% of families and 6.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 10.4% of those under age 18 and 3.7% of those age 65 or over. Places in Hurst include North East Mall, an upscale mall owned by Indianapolis-based Simon Property Group, Rave Motion Pictures, the major attraction of the city, Chisholm Park; the city features two city run water parks, an athletic center, a wide variety of restaurants.
Hurst runs on a city council - manager system. The city has a council of each serving 2-year terms. Three members are elected in odd years. Four in years; the structure of the management and coordination of city services is: The city of Hurst is a voluntary member of the North Central Texas Council of Governments association, the purpose of, to coordinate individual and collective local governments and facilitate regional solutions, eliminate unnecessary duplication, enable joint decisions. According to Hurst’s 2014 Comprehensive Annual Financial Report, the top employers in the city are: Most of Hurst is within the boundaries of the Hurst-Euless-Bedford Independent School District. HEB ISD's Lawrence D. Bell High School serves more than 2,100 students. Smaller portions of Hurst are within the boundaries of Birdville ISD, Grapevine-Colleyville ISD, Keller ISD; the Northeast Campus of Tarrant County College is located in Hurst, has grown from 8,053 students in 1976-77 to serve 13,198 students in 2016-2017.
Ron Faurot, former NFL and University of Arkansas standout Tommy Maddox, former NFL and XFL quarterback Alex Reymundo, comedian Buddy Whittington, Texas blues guitarist Marshall Henderson, basketball player at Ole Miss. D. Bell High School Historic photos of Hurst hosted by the Portal to Texas History
The Watauga River is a large stream of western North Carolina and East Tennessee. It is 78.5 miles long with its headwaters on the slopes of Grandfather Mountain and Peak Mountain in Watauga County, North Carolina. The Watauga River rises from a spring near the base of Peak Mountain at Linville Gap in Avery County, North Carolina; the spring emanates from the western side of the Tennessee Valley Divide, which is, at this location, congruent with the Eastern Continental Divide. On the other side of the divides at Linville Gap are the headwaters of the Linville River in the Upper Catawba Watershed. Waters of the Linville River reach the Atlantic Ocean, whereas waters of the Watauga River reach the Gulf of Mexico; the river flows across Watauga County, North Carolina crossing the Tennessee state line at Johnson County into Carter County and ends at its confluence with the Holston River's South Fork on the Washington/Sullivan County border. After crossing into Johnson County, the Watauga River is first impounded by the Tennessee Valley Authority Watauga Dam, creating the 6,430-acre Watauga Lake.
This impoundment receives two important tributaries: the Elk River, Roan Creek. Watauga Lake is bridged by Tennessee State Route 67 over Butler Memorial Bridge just as the watercourse enters Carter County, Tennessee; the Appalachian Trail crosses the river on Watauga Dam. Nearly 3 miles below Watauga Dam, on the Horseshoe section of the Watauga River, is the TVA Wilbur Dam, which forms a much smaller but deep reservoir known as Wilbur Lake. TVA releases 130 cubic feet per second of discharged water back into the Watauga River during the summer months. Below Wilbur Dam the river flows north and west into Carter County where it forms the northern limits of Elizabethton, where the Watauga receives the Doe River. Farther downstream on the Watauga River at the boundary between Carter County and Washington County is the old TVA Watauga Steam Plant. A portion of the boundary line between Washington County and Sullivan County is formed by the Watauga River. Boone Dam is located below the slack water confluence of both South Fork Holston River and the downstream end of the Watauga River.
The distance afloat between the TVA Watauga Reservoir and Boone Lake is 20.6 miles. The true origin of the name of the Watauga River is lost to antiquity. Most documents agree that the name is of Native American origin, though which nation, tribe or language it descends from, its meaning, are in question. A North Carolina State University web page says the word "Watauga" is a Native-American word meaning "the land beyond". Another source states Watauga is derived from a Cherokee word, more written Watagi. Other common spellings include Watoda and Whatoga, yet another source suggests the word "Watauga" comes from the Yuchi phrase meaning "bass many." However, local reference to the name is attributed as meaning "beautiful river" or "beautiful water". There were at least two Native American villages so named, including one at present-day Elizabethton, which became known as "Watauga Old Fields", first explored by Daniel Boone and James Robertson in 1759. Another village called Watauga was located on the Little Tennessee River near Franklin, North Carolina.
The original settlers of Nashville, set out from the Watauga River area, called the Watauga Association, during the American Revolution when they realized that the British Proclamation of 1763 forbidding settlement of its colonists west of the Blue Ridge Mountains was unenforceable. Wilbur Dam is the site of first hydroelectric dam constructed in Tennessee, going online with power production and distribution in 1912. Wilbur Dam was constructed by the former Tennessee Electric Power Company, a owned utility purchased by TVA in the late 1930s. Elizabethton acquired the moniker "City of Power" because of the early local access to hydro-generated electricity from Wilbur Dam. Whitewater rafting, canoeing, fly fishing, angling with fishing reels are all popular recreation activities pursued on the Watauga River. Rainbow trout, brown trout, striped bass are all caught in the Watauga River; the Watauga River downstream of the TVA dams draws commercial rafting outfitters from both northeast Tennessee and western North Carolina during the summer months and commercial fishing guides throughout the year.
The picturesque Class II+ Bee Cliff Rapids on the Watauga River are found downstream between Wilbur Dam and the Siam Bridge, southeast of Elizabethton, Tennessee. For commercial whitewater rafting and kayaking on the Watauga River, the most popular Carter County "put-in" is downstream of the TVA Wilbur Dam, the most popular "take-out" is 2 to 2½ hours downstream at the Blackbottom riverside portion of the city linear trail park in Elizabethton; the distance afloat for paddlers from the put-in at Wilbur Dam to the Blackbottom take-out is seven miles, with landmarks along the Watauga River providing a good estimate of time and distance traveled. The Watauga River has a section of Class IV-V whitewater popular with expert kayakers, upstream of Watauga Lake and across the state line in North Carolina; this section requires significant rainfall to bring it up to runnable levels. It features continuous steep boulder bed rapids dropping up to 150 feet per mile, several falls and ledges only runnable by expert paddlers.
The Tennessee Va
Trinity Metro is a transit agency located in and serving the city of Fort Worth and its suburbs in surrounding Tarrant County, part of the Dallas-Fort Worth metropolitan area. Since 1983, it was known as the Fort Worth Transportation Authority; as of January 29, 2018 the Board of Directors has voted to rebrand bus services as Trinity Metro, replacing the previous and long standing name. Trinity Metro operates the region's bus service, partners with Denton County Transportation Authority to operate express bus service to Denton on the North Texas Xpress; the agency is involved in the operation of two commuter rail lines: TEXRail, a commuter rail service connecting downtown Fort Worth with DFW Airport via Northeast Tarrant County. Through the early 1970s, bus transit services in Fort Worth were provided by City Transit Company, a private enterprise. Starting in 1974, the city's Traffic Engineering Department began coordinating bus operations. In 1978, the city established the Fort Worth Department of Transportation, which took over public transit operations.
These operations included the City Transit Service and the Surface Transportation Service, with transportation services for the handicapped being added in 1979. On November 8, 1983, voters approved formation of The T. To finance the system, voters levied a half-cent sales tax; the CITRAN, SURTRAN, MITS services were folded into the new agency, along with carpool and vanpool coordination. The agency's first addition came on November 5, 1991 when the small suburb of Lake Worth voted 344-206 in favor of joining the T; that prompted three more elections on May 2, 1992 when Blue Mound, Forest Hill and Richland Hills had the issue of joining the agency on the ballot. Blue Mound and Richland Hills voted in favor while Forest Hill declined the measure nearly 2-1; the T saw its first departure when voters in Lake Worth approved a pullout in September 2003. Service withdrawal became effective on March 21, 2004. Lake Worth had tried to pull out in 1996, but that measure failed. On November 8, 2016, Richland Hills residents voted to withdraw from the agency's services.
FWTA's final day of service in Richland Hills was November 23, 2016. In 2001, the FWTA saw its cooperation efforts with DART pay off as the Trinity Railway Express reached downtown Fort Worth; the other end of the line terminates in downtown Dallas. The TRE commuter line has a daily ridership of 9,100 and is the thirteenth most-ridden commuter rail system in the country. On January 29, 2018, the transit agency's board of directors voted to rebrand FWTA/The T as Trinity Metro, revealed a new logo, that depicts three triangles forming the letter "M" in its negative spaces; the name change took place on March 23, 2018 on its website and social media presence. The bulk of Trinity Metro's operations involve 46 bus routes within Tarrant County. Most route through downtown Fort Worth, where the TRE has two train stations, Intermodal Transportation Center and the T&P Station; the ITC is the major transit station for Trinity Metro, as the TRE trains and twenty-five bus routes meet. Trinity Metro operates a vanpool/carpool service.
A vanpool/carpool is a group of at least seven people who share the costs of getting to and from work. These individuals live and work near each other. Monthly fares will vary, depending on the daily miles involved. Riders pay only for the portion of the trip they use. For instance, if the service picks up riders in different counties, it's possible for some riders to pay more than others; the last service Trinity Metro offers is Trinity Metro ACCESS. It offers door-to-door transportation within the service areas of Forest Hill, Fort Worth, Blue Mound and River Oaks. Trained drivers are available to assist passengers in boarding and alighting vehicles specially designed to accommodate the mobility impaired. Trinity Metro is operating TEXRail, a commuter rail service connecting downtown Fort Worth with DFW Airport through Northeast Tarrant County. Service began on January 10, 2019. Trinity Railway Express is jointly operated with Dallas Area Rapid Transit; as of 30 December 2018: 1 Hemphill 2 Camp Bowie 3 South Riverside/TCC South Campus 4 East Rosedale 5 Evans Ave/LaGran Plaza / Wichita/Glen Garden 6 8th Ave/McCart/Hulen Mall 7 University Drive 8 Riverside/Evans 9 Ramey/Vickery 10 Bailey 11 North Beach/Mercantile Center 12 Samuels/Mercantile Center 14 Sylvania/NE 28th 15 Stockyards/North Main 16 Alliance Town Center/Mercantile Center Station 18X Safari Xpress 19 Molly the Trolley 20 Handley 21 Boca Raton 22 Meadowbrook 23 TCC Northeast Campus/TRE 24 Berry Street 25 Crosstown 26 Ridgmar Mall/Normandale 27 Como 28 Mansfield Hwy 30 CentrePort Circulator 32 Bryant Irvin 44 Central/Azle Ave 45 TCC Northwest/Angle Ave 46 Jacksboro Highway 60X Eastside Xpress 61X Normandale Xpress 63X North Park & Ride Xpress 64X North Texas Xpress 65X South Park & Ride Xpress 66X Candleridge/Altamesa Xpress 67X TCC Southeast Campus XPress 71 Forest Hill 72 Hemphill/Sycamore School Road 89 SPUR/East Lancaster 90 Long Ave 91 Ridgmar Mall/Stockyards 991 Juror Shuttle 111 Bell Helicopter Shuttle LL Burnett Plaza Lunch Trolley 1N
The Watauga Association was a semi-autonomous government created in 1772 by frontier settlers living along the Watauga River in what is now Elizabethton, Tennessee. Although it lasted only a few years, the Watauga Association provided a basis for what developed into the state of Tennessee and influenced other western frontier governments in the trans-Appalachian region. North Carolina annexed the Watauga settlement area, by known as the Washington District, in November 1776. Within a year, the area was placed under a county government, becoming Washington County, North Carolina, in November 1777. While there is no evidence that the Watauga Association claimed to be outside the sovereign territory of the British Crown, historians have cited the Association as the earliest attempt by American-born colonists to form an independent democratic government. In 1774, Virginia governor Lord Dunmore called the Watauga Association a "dangerous example" of Americans forming a government "distinct from and independent of his majesty's authority."
President Theodore Roosevelt wrote that the Watauga settlers were the "first men of American birth to establish a free and independent community on the continent." While no copy of the settlers' compact, known as the Articles of the Watauga Association, has been found, related documents tend to imply that the Watauga settlers still considered themselves British subjects after the initial hostilities of the American Revolution had commenced. European settlers began arriving in the Watauga and Holston river valleys in the late 1760s and early 1770s, most migrating from Virginia via the Great Valley, although a few were believed to have been Regulators fleeing North Carolina after their defeat at the Battle of Alamance; these settlers mistakenly believed the Watauga and Nolichucky valleys were part of lands ceded to Virginia by the Cherokee in the 1770 Treaty of Lochaber, but a subsequent survey by Colonel John Donelson confirmed that these lands were still part of the Cherokee domain. As settlement on lands west of colonial boundaries violated the Royal Proclamation of 1763, the Watauga and Nolichucky settlers were ordered to leave.
In May 1772, the Watauga and Nolichucky settlers negotiated a 10-year lease directly with the Cherokee, being outside the claims of any colony, established the Watauga Association to provide basic government functions. The lease and the subsequent purchase of these lands in 1775 were considered illegal by the British Crown, were vehemently opposed by a growing faction of the Cherokee led by the young chief Dragging Canoe. With the outbreak of the American Revolutionary War, the settlers organized themselves into the "Washington District," loyal to the "united colonies," and formed a Committee of Safety to govern it, marking the end of the so-called "Watauga Republic". In Spring of 1776, the Washington District Committee of Safety drafted a petition asking the colony of Virginia to annex the district. After Virginia refused, the Committee drafted a similar petition asking the North Carolina Assembly to annex the district. In November of that year, North Carolina formally annexed the area; the Washington District was admitted to North Carolina as Washington County in November 1777.
The Cherokee, who were aligned with the British, launched an all-out invasion against the settlements in July 1776, but were soundly defeated. In 1777, the Cherokee signed the Treaty of Long Island, ceding control of the Watauga and Nolichucky valleys to the American colonies. Since no copy of the Articles of the Watauga Association has been found, most of what is known about it comes from other sources the 1776 Petition of the Inhabitants of the Washington District called the "Watauga Petition," in which the Wataugans requested annexation by North Carolina. According to the Petition, the Articles were fashioned after the laws of Virginia and were enacted by unanimous consent of the settlers; the primary reason given for the establishment of the Watauga Association was to prevent the Watauga and Nolichucky regions from becoming a haven for debtors and felons, for conducting "public business" such as the recording of deeds and wills. Other sources, such as the writings of Washington District Committee of Safety clerk pro tem William Tatham and documents collected by historian J. G. M. Ramsey in the mid-19th century, reveal that the Articles established a five-member court, that the Wataugans erected a courthouse and jail at Sycamore Shoals.
Historians disagree over the first five magistrates of the court, although most agree that it included John Carter, James Robertson, Charles Robertson, Zachariah Isbell. The fifth member was Jacob Brown. Court members included Andrew Greer, John Roddye, John Sevier. James Smith was the court's first clerk, replaced by Sevier in 1775; when Sevier was elected to the court, Felix Walker took over as clerk, with Tatham serving in his absence. Wataugan militiamen were present at multiple engagements on the frontier and throughout the American Revolution. A company of 20 Wataugans took part in the Battle of Point Pleasant in 1774 during Lord Dunmore's War, another contingent aided in the defense of Boonesborough and Harrodsburg in the decade; the Washington District Committee of Safety, created in 1775, consisted of John Carter, Zachariah Isbell, Jacob Brown, John Sevier, James Smith and Charles Robertson, William Bean, John