click links in text for more info
SUMMARY / RELATED TOPICS

Water (classical element)

Water is one of the elements in ancient Greek philosophy, in the Asian Indian system Panchamahabhuta, in the Chinese cosmological and physiological system Wu Xing. In contemporary esoteric traditions, it is associated with the qualities of emotion and intuition. Water was one of many archai proposed by the Pre-socratics, most of whom tried to reduce all things to a single substance. However, Empedocles of Acragas selected four archai for his four roots: air, fire and earth. Empedocles roots became the four classical elements of Greek philosophy. Plato took over the four elements of Empedocles. In the Timaeus, his major cosmological dialogue, the Platonic solid associated with water is the icosahedron, formed from twenty equilateral triangles; this makes water the element with the greatest number of sides, which Plato regarded as appropriate because water flows out of one's hand when picked up, as if it is made of tiny little balls. Plato’s student Aristotle developed a different explanation for the elements based on pairs of qualities.

The four elements were arranged concentrically around the center of the Universe to form the sublunary sphere. According to Aristotle, water is both cold and wet and occupies a place between air and earth among the elemental spheres. In ancient Greek medicine, each of the four humours became associated with an element. Phlegm was the humor identified with water, since both were wet. Other things associated with water and phlegm in ancient and medieval medicine included the season of Winter, since it increased the qualities of cold and moisture. In alchemy, the chemical element of mercury was associated with water and its alchemical symbol was a downward-pointing triangle. Ap is the Vedic Sanskrit term for water, in Classical Sanskrit occurring only in the plural is not an element.v, āpas, whence Hindi āp. The term is from PIE hxap water. In Hindu philosophy, the term refers to water as an element, one of the Panchamahabhuta, or "five great elements". In Hinduism, it is the name of the deva, a personification of water.

The element water is associated with Chandra or the moon and Shukra, who represent feelings and imagination. Water and the other Greek classical elements were incorporated into the Golden Dawn system; the elemental weapon of water is the cup. Each of the elements has several associated spiritual beings; the archangel of water is Gabriel, the angel is Taliahad, the ruler is Tharsis, the king is Nichsa and the water elementals are called Ondines. It is referred to the upper right point of the pentagram in the Supreme Invoking Ritual of the Pentagram. Many of these associations have since spread throughout the occult community. Water is one of the five elements. Wicca in particular was influenced by the Golden Dawn system of magic and Aleister Crowley's mysticism, in turn inspired by the Golden Dawn. Water Sea and river deity Different versions of the classical elements

Ana Hormigo

Ana Cristina Teles Meneses Hormigo is a Portuguese judoka, who played for the extra-lightweight category. She won a bronze medal for her division at the 2008 European Judo Championships, defeated Italy's Valentina Moscatt for the gold at the 2011 IJF World Cup in Lisbon. Hormigo is a member of Associação Judo Clube União Albicastrense, is coached and trained by Abel Louro. Hormigo represented Portugal at the 2008 Summer Olympics in Beijing, where she competed for the women's extra-lightweight class, she defeated India's Devi Khumujam Tomb in the first preliminary round, before losing out her next match by a waza-ari, an ōuchi gari to North Korea's Pak Ok-Song. Because her opponent advanced further into the semi-finals, Hormigo offered another shot for the bronze medal by defeating Kazakhstan's Kelbet Nurgazina, with two koka, a sankaku gatame, in the repechage rounds, she finished only in seventh place, after losing out the final repechage bout to Russia's Lyudmila Bogdanova, who scored a waza-ari and a tomoe nage, at the end of the five-minute period.

Ana Hormigo at JudoInside.com NBC Olympics Profile

Paramount Parks

Paramount Parks was an operator of Paramount's Kings Island, Paramount's Kings Dominion, Paramount's Great America, Paramount's Carowinds, Paramount Canada's Wonderland, which annually attracted about 13 million patrons. National Amusements-owned Viacom assumed control of the company as part of its acquisition of Paramount Pictures in 1994. On June 30, 2006, Cedar Fair Entertainment Company acquired the company, although licensed through 2017, Cedar Fair dropped Paramount/CBS-licensed names from the parks due to poor sales and problems from poor solvency in January 2007; the company once owned and operated Paramount's Kings Island, Paramount's Kings Dominion, Paramount's Great America, Paramount's Carowinds, Paramount Canada's Wonderland and managed Bonfante Gardens in Gilroy, California. From late 2001 until late 2004, Paramount Parks managed Terra Mítica, an amusement park in Benidorm, Spain. Paramount Communications known as Gulf+Western, in turn had acquired the parks from Nelson Schwab and his management group.

Schwab and his KECO Entertainment acquired the group in a management-led LBO from the Taft Broadcasting Company, which had built Kings Island in Cincinnati using cast off rides from Cincinnati's Coney Island and to this day there is a small area in the Cincinnati park called "Coney Island" still featuring some of those original rides. The parks were part of Viacom's Blockbuster Entertainment division until 2002 when they were moved back to Paramount Pictures. After another Viacom corporate shuffle in 2004 the parks became part of Viacom Recreation, a division of Nickelodeon and MTV Networks. On January 1, 2006, as Viacom went through a corporate split, Paramount Parks was assigned to CBS Corporation. CBS Corporation, in order to "toss overboard" any unnecessary company assets, sought to sell the parks during the 2006 season, planning to continue their operation until a buyer was found. Cedar Fair Entertainment Co. owners of more well known Cedar Point and Knott's Berry Farm theme parks approached the company in 2006.

They purchased the parks and a 10-year license, stating that the parks could continue to use the "Paramount" prefix and the titles of any Paramount movies until 2017. However, after poor sales and problems from poor solvency, all references to Paramount/CBS-licensed properties were removed from the parks in 2007; the only references to a Viacom property remaining were the characters and titles used in Nickelodeon Universe and Nickelodeon Central, all of which were rethemed to the children's area utilized by Cedar Fair's own legacy parks, Peanuts for the 2010 season. In June 2007, it was revealed that a Paramount Park was to be developed and opened at the Dubailand complex in the United Arab Emirates. No clear developments have been made, it is the project has been abandoned. In October 2011, plans for a new Paramount theme park to be developed in Alhama, Murcia were revealed in Madrid; the resort to be called Paramount Park is to be the second-largest theme park in Europe after Disneyland, Paris.

Projects to continue with the construction of the park have been scrapped. In December 2018, it was announced that Paramount Pictures signed a deal with Mohegan Gaming & Entertainment to install the first Paramount-branded theme park in Incheon, South Korea, it is slated to open three years after Inspire Integrated Entertainment Resort's opening. Paramount and Daewoo Motor Sales announced in 2008 that it will build Paramount Movie Park Korea in Songdo near Incheon, but the plans was never announced due to financial problems of Daewoo Motor Sales. In December 2019, it was announced that Paramount Pictures with London Resort Compamy Holdings Paramount-theme in London United Kingdom The London Resort open in 2024 start construction in 2021 The Paramount Parks were not built by Paramount, but rather were pre-existing and purchased as a whole, rebranded with the Paramount name, it seemed Paramount was attempting to enter into the movie-based theme-park business popularized by amusement park and resort companies, such as Walt Disney Parks and Resorts, SeaWorld Parks & Entertainment, Six Flags Theme Parks, Cedar Fair and Universal Parks & Resorts.

In the 1970s and 1980s, Taft Broadcasting created a division called KECO Entertainment, formed in order to build theme parks nationwide. In 1972 and 1975, KECO built Kings Dominion respectively. In 1975, KECO led a forced purchase on the Carowinds Corporation, a bankrupt company, leaving them no choice but to sell Carowinds theme park in Charlotte, North Carolina. In 1981, KECO opened Canada's Wonderland in Vaughan, Canada. In 1984 hotel company Marriott, owner of two parks named Great America, was looking to divest itself of its parks. One of the parks was located in Silicon Valley in the exurbs of San Francisco and the other was located in the North Shore suburbs of Chicago; the California park was purchased by KECO, while the Illinois Park became part of the Six Flags chain. In 1992, after 22 years of great successful and thrill classic entertainment experience management, KECO Entertainment sold their six parks to Paramount Communications. Subsequently, in 1993, the "Paramount's" prefix was added to the parks, excluding Canada's Wonderland, renamed to "Paramount Canada's Wonderland", to avoid the use of a double possessive noun.

Thus, the first five parks of the Paramount Parks were established: Paramount's Kings Island, Paramount's Kings Dominion, Paramount's Great America, P

Bruce Dawe National Poetry Prize

The Bruce Dawe National Poetry Prize is an annual poetry prize endowed by Australian poet Bruce Dawe in 1999. It is awarded to "an original, unpublished poem not exceeding 50 lines" by an Australian citizen or resident; the award comes with a $2500 cash prize. The aim of the prize is to encourage Australian poets and recognise "the important contribution they make to Australian culture", it is managed by the Faculty of Arts at the University of Southern Queensland in Toowoomba and is judged by English Literature staff at the Faculty. In 2003, Bruce Dawe said that when he retired from teaching at the University of Southern Queensland, he wanted to show his appreciation of the opportunities he'd had while working there, he said: As Epictetus said, life is only loaned to us. All we can hope to do, I believe, is try and keep up the interest payments on that capital loan. Prizes have always been an encouragement to me, on the odd occasion of receiving one, to keep on writing, they are one form of recognition, writers, in this country, need all the encouragement they can get.

I have always acknowledged the help of those friends who have been good critics and good friends. They have been a most profitable part of the loan. Prizes, like such friends, can be the kindly nudge in the ribs we writers need. Everybody needs kindly nudges from time to time... A firm believer in keeping the environment, Dawe accepted an award from the Australian Environmental Minister; the words he left with the audience were inspirationally captivating: "We generate our own environment. We get what we deserve. Who’s to blame, who’s to credit but us? Who can change it, anytime we wish, but us?" He is reported as having said that universities should encourage the practice of the arts within Australian society. 2018: Natalie D-Napoleon for "First Blood: A Sestina" 2017: Tim Collins for "Stage Whispers" 2016: Jenny Pollak for "497 Small Disappointments" 2015: Steve Armstrong for "A Cracked & Weathered Prayer" 2014: Sarah Rice for "Last week" 2013: Roger Vickery for "Competition" 2012: John Watson for "Leaving No Wake" 2011: Lisa Jacobson for "Several Ways to Fall Out of the Sky" 2010: Ray Liversidge for "The lawn" 2009: Andrew Slattery for "Black Bat Burn" 2008: John Kinsella for "Vixerunt" 2007: Louise Oxley for "After the diagnosis" 2006: Kate Middleton for "Minotaura: Rainbow's End" 2005: Jane Williams for "My Mother's Travel Diary" 2004: Louise Oxley for "Fitting" 2003: David Musgrave for "Minneapolis" 2002: Brook Emery for "final belief" 2001: Judy Johnson for "my dressmaking aunt" 2000: David Kirkby for "Lajamanu morning" 1999: Juliet Lamont for "The Players" Bruce Dawe National Poetry Prize

Velvet Tone Records

Velvet Tone Records was an American record label, founded by Columbia Records in 1925 and shut down in 1932. Velvet Tone contained material identical to that of Columbia's two other low price labels, Harmony Records and Diva Records. In Frank Capra's 1946 film, It's a Wonderful Life, Mary can be seen playing a record with a "Velvet Tone" label on the phonograph. A close examination reveals that it is "Buffalo Gals" performed by "Arthur Black and His Orchestra". However, the label's design is inconsistent with actual Velvet Tone labels; the prop record is a nod towards Arthur Black. List of record labels Velvet Tone Records on the Internet Archive's Great 78 Project

Battle of Ridaniya

The Battle of Ridaniya or Battle of Ridanieh was fought on January 22, 1517, in Egypt. The Ottoman forces of Selim I defeated the Mamluk forces under Al-Ashraf Tuman bay II; the Turks marched into Cairo, the severed head of Tuman bay II, Egypt’s last Mamluk Sultan, was hung over an entrance gate in the Al Ghourieh quarter of Cairo. Or, alternatively, he was buried after three days; the Ottoman grand vizier, Hadım Sinan Pasha, was killed in action. Sultan Tuman bay II now resolved himself to march out as far as Salahia, there meet the Turks wearied by the desert march. By this time, the Ottomans having reached Arish, were marching unopposed by Salahia and Bilbeis to Khanqah. Two days the main body confronted the Egyptian entrenchment, while a party crossing Mocattam Hill took them in the flank; the Battle of Ridanieh was fought January 22, 1517. With a band of devoted followers, Tuman threw himself into the midst of the Turkish ranks, reached to Selim's tent, but in the end the Egyptians were routed, fled two miles up the Nile.

The Ottomans entered the City of Cairo unopposed. They took the Citadel and slew the entire Circassian garrison, while all around the streets became the scene of terrible outrage. Selim I himself occupied an island close to Bulac; the following day his Vizier, entering the city, endeavored to stop the wild rapine of the troops. The Caliph's prayer as given by Ibn Ayas. O Lord, uphold the Monarch both of land and the two Seas. Grant him Thy heavenly aid and glorious victories! O King of the present and the future, Lord of the Universe! Still plunder and riot went on; the Turks seized all they could lay hold of, threatened death unless on payment of large ransom. The Circassian were everywhere pursued and mercilessly slaughtered, their heads being hung up around the battle field, it was not till some days had passed, that Selim I with Caliph Al-Mutawakkil III, whose influence for mercy began now to be felt, having entered the city stopped these wild hostilities, the inhabitants began again to feel some measure of security.

The following night, Tuman reappeared and with his Bedouin allies took possession of the weakly garrisoned city, at daylight drove back the Ottomans with great loss. The approaches were entrenched, the Friday service once more solemnized in name of the Egyptian Sultan, but at midnight the enemy again returned in overpowering force, scattered the Mamluks into their hiding-places, while the Sultan fled across the Nile to Giza, found refuge in Upper Egypt. Satisfied with this victory, Selim I returning again to his island had a red and white flag in token of amnesty hoisted over his tent; the Mamluks, were excluded from it. They were ruthlessly pursued, proclamation made that any sheltering them would be put to death, 800 thus discovered were beheaded. Many citizens were spared at the entreaty of the Caliph, who now occupied a more prominent place than under the Egyptian Sultanate; the son of Sultan Al-Ashraf Qansuh al-Ghawri was received with distinction and granted the College founded by the Sultan his father as a dwelling-place.

Soon after, the amnesty was extended to all the hidden Emirs, who as they appeared were upbraided by Selim I, distributed in cells throughout the Citadel. Emir Janbirdi al-Ghazali who fought bravely at the Battle of Ridanieh, but now cast himself at Selim's feet, was alone received with honor and given a command to fight against the Bedouins. There is a great diversity of opinion as to when Janbirdi either or by collusion took the Turkish side; the presumption is that he was faithful up to the Battle of Ridanieh, seeing the cause hopeless retired and went over to the Ottomans about the end of January. Having garrisoned the Citadel, Selim I now took up his residence there, for security had a detachment quartered at foot of the great entrance gate. Nicolle, David The Mamluks 1250-1517. Opsrey Publishing. ISBN 1-85532-314-1