click links in text for more info
SUMMARY / RELATED TOPICS

Water in Arkansas

Water in Arkansas is an important issue encompassing the conservation, management and use of the water resource in the state. Arkansas contains a mixture of groundwater and surface water, with a variety of state and federal agencies responsible for the regulation of the water resource. In accordance with agency rules and federal law, the state's water treatment facilities utilize engineering, chemistry and technology to treat raw water from the environment to potable water standards and distribute it through water mains to homes, farms and industrial customers. Following use, wastewater is collected in collection and conveyance systems, decentralized sewer systems or septic tanks and treated in accordance with regulations at publicly owned treatment works before being discharged to the environment. Although Arkansas is not classified as an arid state, certain regions of the state have experienced supply depletion in areas of heavy reliance upon aquifers for agricultural water; the state does not have direct or indirect potable reuse, or water reuse regulations, although one instance of non potable reuse is permitted in Rogers.

There are three main components of groundwater protection and management: ensuring the available quantity necessary for the various uses protecting and restoring groundwater quality ambient monitoring of groundwater quality on a continuous basis. State water-resources protection authority is divided among various State agencies; the Arkansas Department of Environmental Quality has primary water-quality protection authority, the Arkansas Department of Health has authority over public drinking-water-supply programs. The Arkansas Natural Resources Commission has comprehensive planning and water-quantity authority and is responsible for protection of diminishing groundwater supplies in areas where agricultural and industrial needs have placed unsustainable demands on production capacities of certain aquifers; the broad scope of groundwater protection and management activities requires a multiagency approach to address groundwater quantity and quality issues. There are numerous potential and actual sources of groundwater contamination in the State, both natural and manmade.

Arkansas Department of Environmental Quality identified the 10 major sources of contamination in Arkansas to be animal feedlots, pesticides, underground storage tanks, surface impoundments, septic systems, hazardous wastes sites, saltwater intrusion, spills. It is difficult to define which sources have the greatest effect on groundwater quality because each source varies in areal extent and degree of alteration of groundwater quality. For example, a point source, such as a landfill, may result in severe impact to groundwater with numerous organic chemicals exceeding safe drinking-water standards, but the areal extent of the plume may be limited with no offsite migration and no known groundwater users at risk. On the other hand, contamination from nonpoint sources, such as agricultural activities, may be areally extensive with minimal effect on the use of the groundwater for drinking-water supply or other purposes. Point-source prevention programs are entirely established as regulatory programs and are administered by ADEQ.

Most nonpoint sources are related to agriculture and other land-use activities and are addressed by joint efforts of several agencies, with lead oversight relegated to the ANRC. Despite the threat to groundwater resources, no Federal or State statute comprehensively addresses groundwater protection. There are only patchworks of law at the Federal and State levels that address groundwater protection; the United States Environmental Protection Agency has been designated by Congress to be the primary Federal agency responsible for groundwater protection. Instead, the EPA enforces requirements of a myriad of Federal laws having provisions that protect groundwater quality; these laws include among others: the Safe Drinking Water Act of amendments. The Clean Water Act of 1972, including the 1977 amendments, is the primary Federal law in the United States that governs the discharge of pollutants into the Nation's waters; the CWA's primary regulatory mechanism is the National Pollutant Discharge Elimination System, which requires permits to be issued for discharges of any pollutant or combination of pollutants into navigable waters.

Certain sections address groundwater, but it is unclear whether the CWA's pollution-control provisions apply to groundwater. Some provisions of the CWA apply to groundwater. For example, Section 106 provides for regional monitoring of surface groundwater. Act 472 of 1949, the Arkansas Water and Air Pollution Control Act, codified as Arkansas Code Annotated, defines groundwater as a part of "waters of the state" that are subject to protection; this act is the primary statute providing authority to State agencies for the regulation of various programs that protect human health and the environment.

Duchess Anna Amalia Library

The Duchess Anna Amalia Library in Weimar, houses a major collection of German literature and historical documents and is part of the UNO designated Classical Weimar. In 2004 a fire destroyed a substantial part of the collection; the library contains: 1,000,000 books 2,000 medieval and early modern manuscripts 600 ancestral registers 10,000 maps 4,000 musical scoresThe research library today has 850,000 volumes with collection emphasis on the German literature. Among its special collections is an important Shakespeare collection of 10,000 volumes, as well as a 16th-century Bible connected to Martin Luther. In 1991, the tricentennial of its opening to the public, the Ducal Library was renamed for Anna Amalia, Duchess of Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach, who arranged in 1766 for the courtly book collection to be moved into the library; the main building is the Green Castle, Anna's residence, built between 1562 and 1565. The architect was Nikolaus Gromann; the dowager Duchess had the building converted into a library in 1761.

The Duchess, seeking a tutor for her son Duke Carl August, hired Christoph Martin Wieland, an important poet and noted translator of William Shakespeare. Wieland's Shakespeare volumes formed the core of the collection. From an architectural standpoint, the library is world-famous for its oval Rococo hall featuring a portrait of Grand Duke Carl August. One of the library's most famous patrons was Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, who worked there from 1797 to 1832; the library includes the world's largest Faust collection. The Duchess's significant 13,000-volume music collection is available in the library. In World War II, most of the collection was housed elsewhere to preserve it from Allied bombing. Today, the library is a public research library for art history; the main focus is German literature from the late Romantic eras. In 2001, construction began on a new multiple-floor facility to house some 1,000,000 books under the "Square of Democracy" between the Music University and the Red and Yellow Castle.

In its pre-renovation state, the building had structural flaws which endangered many valuable books and the special collections. The new development is estimated to have cost €24 million and has an area of 6,300 m²; the area is divided into lower floors. The new building would connect the historical library building with the user areas of the reconstructed Red and Yellow Castle; the grand opening of the new complex is slated for February 2005. Part of the collection was burned in a fire on 2 September 2004, which destroyed 50,000 volumes of which 12,500 are considered irreplaceable. Another 62,000 volumes were damaged. However, some 6,000 historical works were saved, including the 1534 Luther Bible and a collection of Alexander von Humboldt's papers, by being passed from hand to hand out of the building; some 28,000 books in the building were so not affected by the fire. Other items, like Friedrich Schiller's death mask, suffered damage too, 35 historic oil paintings were destroyed; the fire came as a particular tragedy, in part because the collection was scheduled to move to another site in late October, little more than a month later.

Some of the damaged books are being freeze-dried in Leipzig to save them from rotting as a result of water damage. Book restoration is scheduled to last at least until 2015. In June 2005, it was announced that among the manuscripts that were out of the building at the time of the fire, thus saved from damage, there was a hitherto undiscovered 1713 aria by Johann Sebastian Bach entitled "Alles mit Gott und nichts ohn' ihn"; the library building was restored for $18.2 million and reopened at the end of October 2007 with some 60,000 volumes. This includes the undamaged books, the first restored books and the replacement volumes obtained on the international antique book market, from other libraries, or by donation. An online database lists the books. Duchess Anna Amalia Library – official site Library Goes up in Flames, Destroying Literary Legacy Associated Press article BBC article MSNBC article New York Times article Muslim Librarians Visit Germany: The Catalogues of the Queen of Sheba 360° Flash-Panoramas: 2004 before fire, 2004 back fire

Quebrada Limón

Quebrada Limón is one of the 31 barrios of the municipality of Ponce, Puerto Rico. Along with Anón, Coto Laurel, Marueño, San Patricio, the coastal barrios of Canas and Capitanejo, Quebrada Limón is one of the municipality's nine bordering barrios, it borders the municipality of Peñuelas. It was founded in 1878. Quebrada Limón is a rural barrio located in the western section of the municipality, northwest of the center of the city at Plaza Las Delicias, at latitude 18.054552 N, longitude -66.671163 W. The toponomy, or origin of the name, alludes to the narrow path between mountains oftentimes producing a stream or creek that runs down a glen. Quebrada Limón is bounded on the North by the hills south of El Pecho Road and the hills north of Marungueyes Road, on the South by the hills north of Bello Road, Clavel Street, on the West by hills east of PR-520, on the East by the hills west of PR-502. In terms of barrio-to-barrio boundaries, Quebrada Limón is bounded in the North by Marueño, in the South by Canas, in the West by barrios Tallaboa Alta and Rucio of the municipality of Peñuelas, in the East by Marueño and Canas.

Quebrada Limón is home to the communities of Hacienda Josefa. Pastillo Canas is located in the southern section of the barrio, near barrio Canas' Pastillo community; the rest of Quebrada Limón is rural. Quebrada Limón has 2.67 square miles of no water area. In 2000, the population of Quebrada Limón was 804 persons, it had a density of 301 persons per square mile; the main road serving barrio Quebrada Limon is PR-502. The highest point in barrio Quebrada Limón stands at 984 feet over sea level and is located at the extreme northern end of the barrio. Several streams make their way through this rural barrio, including the brook from which the barrio draws its name: Quebrada Limón. A section of Rio Pastillo winds its way through the barrio. In fact, Limon Brook feeds into Río Pastillo

1933–34 Chicago Black Hawks season

The 1933–34 Chicago Black Hawks season was the team's eighth season in the NHL, they were coming off a disappointing 1932–33 season, as the Hawks finished in last place in the American Division and missed the playoffs. Tommy Gorman was brought back to be the head coach of the Black Hawks, while the team would score an NHL low 88 goals, they allowed an NHL best 83 goals, have a 20–17–11 record to finish in 2nd place in the American Division. Goaltender Chuck Gardiner was named captain of the team for the season. Paul Thompson would score a team leading 20 goals and 36 points, while Doc Romnes earned a club high 21 assists. Johnny Gottselig would have a strong season, recording 16 goals and 30 points, while Lionel Conacher, acquired from the Montreal Maroons before the season began, would bolster the blueline, leading all defensemen with 23 points and had a club high 87 penalty minutes. In goal, Chuck Gardiner would win his 2nd Vezina Trophy, as he helped the Black Hawks to a league low 83 goals against.

Gardiner would win 20 games, post 10 shutouts and set a club record with a 1.63 GAA. The Hawks would face the Montreal Canadiens in the 1st round of the playoffs in a 2-game total goal series, after winning the first game at the Montreal Forum by a 3–2 score, the Black Hawks would tie Montreal 1–1 in the 2nd game to win the series by a 4–3 score. In the 2nd round, Chicago would face the other Montreal team, the Montreal Maroons, in another 2 game total goal series; the Hawks would once again win the opening game, this time by a 3–0 score, Chicago would hold off the Maroons in the 2nd game, winning 3–2, to win the series by a 6–2 score, allowing the Hawks to advance to their 2nd Stanley Cup final in 3 years. The Hawks would face the Detroit Red Wings in a best of 5 series, the Black Hawks would take the first 2 games in Detroit, returning home needing only 1 win to clinch the Stanley Cup; the Wings spoiled the party in game 3, beating the Black Hawks by a 5–2 victory, but the Black Hawks would come back, win the 4th game 1–0 in double overtime to clinch their first Stanley Cup.

The Black Hawks Stanley Cup celebration would be cut short, when goaltender Chuck Gardiner would suffer from a brain hemorrhage, died on June 13, 1934, due to brain surgery complications. Note: GP = Games Played, W = Wins, L = Losses, T = Ties, Pts = Points, GF = Goals For, GA = Goals Against Teams that qualified for the playoffs are highlighted in bold. Clarence Abel, Rosie Couture, Louis Trudel, Lionel Conacher, Paul Thompson, Leroy Goldsworthy, Art Coulter, Roger Jenkins, Don McFadyen, Tom Cook, Doc Romnes, Johnny Gottselig, Mush March, Johnny Sheppard, Chuck Gardiner, Bill Kendall, Tommy Gorman, Eddie Froelich SHRP Sports The Internet Hockey Database National Hockey League Guide & Record Book 2007

Stockholm Marathon

The Stockholm Marathon, known as the ASICS Stockholm Marathon for sponsorship reasons, is an annual marathon arranged in Stockholm, since 1979. It serves as the Swedish marathon championship race. At the 2009 Stockholm Marathon more than 18,500 participants were registered; the marathon starts adjacent to the 1912 Olympic Stadium and consists of two loops around the city, finishing with a three-quarter lap around the tracks of the Olympic Stadium. Until and including the 2009 edition, the two loops around the city differed only from each other, but the major part of the loops were identical. However, from 2010 the route was changed somewhat to make the loops more different from each other. Most notably, the first loop is now shorter, thus minimizing the number of trailing runners that the elite runners have to lap; the marathon takes place at the end of May or the beginning of June. It is held on a Saturday afternoon, thus distinguishing it from the majority of city marathons which take place on Sunday mornings, to minimise disruption to the city.

This leads to a risk in some editions being held in considerable heat, indeed has been last years with temperatures around 30 °C. The book The Ultimate Guide to International Marathons, written by Dennis Craythorn and Rich Hanna, ranks the Stockholm Marathon as the best marathon in the world. Key: Course record Heyworth, Malcolm & Fält, Birger. Stockholm Marathon. Association of Road Racing Statisticians. Retrieved on 27 May 2011. Media related to Stockholm Marathon at Wikimedia Commons Official website Marathon Info profile Stockholm Marathon at SVT's open archive

Puerto Rico national football team

The Puerto Rico national football team is governed by the Federación Puertorriqueña de Fútbol. Puerto Rico's national football team is a member of the Caribbean Football Union and part of CONCACAF. Puerto Rico's first international match was against Cuba in 1940 in which they drew 1–1, they did not record a win until a 3–0 result in 1970 against the Bahamas. In 1972, Puerto Rico recorded a 1–0 win against Panama in a friendly. Wins between the 1980s and 1990s were against the Bahamas, the Dominican Republic, Martinique. Chris Armas played for Puerto Rico in the 1993 Caribbean Cup. In the tournament, Puerto Rico established a 4-game win streak without conceding a goal; the competition was not recognized by FIFA, so his five matches were considered friendlies. As a result, he was allowed to switch his allegiance to the United States of America, for whom he has since been capped over fifty times. Puerto Rico did not record a win, had only four draws. During this time, the team dropped down in the FIFA Rankings to 202nd.

Over the past few years, Puerto Rico has begun to emerge as a contender, like they were in the 1990s. In 2008, they drew with Tobago, they won for the first time since 1994 when they beat the Dominican Republic in the first round of the World Cup qualifiers. Although they lost the first leg 4–0 to Honduras, they fought a 2–2 tie in the home leg in the second round; the Puerto Rican Football Federation has announced plans that would allow them to participate in the next editions of the Caribbean Cup and Gold Cup. Puerto Rico were supposed to make their debut in the 21st Central American and Caribbean Games in 2010 on home soil in Mayagüez, but due to the controversy of CONCACAF not approving the stadiums, the team couldn't compete in the football event; the team was supposed to play in Venezuela instead but due to the lack of teams, the male event was canceled. Puerto Rico faced World and European champion Spain in a friendly on August 15, 2012, losing 2–1 in the Juan Ramón Loubriel Stadium in Bayamón, Puerto Rico.

On June 5, 2015, Puerto Rico played a friendly against Bermuda, their last friendly before the qualifiers for the 2018 World Cup ending in a 1–1 draw. After losing to Grenada 2–1 in the second round of the 2018 World Cup qualifiers, Puerto Rico's Interim coach Jose'Cukito' Martinez resigned and a few days the Uruguayan Carlos Avedissian solved his visa problems and could arrive as the head coach of the national team. On December 11, 2015, Puerto Rico played a friendly against MLS team New York City losing 2–1. On May 22, 2016, Puerto Rico played a friendly match against the United States for the first time ending in a 3–1 loss, they advanced for the first time to the third round of the 2017 Caribbean Cup qualification when they defeated Grenada and Antigua and Barbuda in the second round, only two games away from reaching the CONCACAF Gold Cup for the first time. Stefanowski had to leave the technical director position because he was an assistant in Puerto Rico FC; the team played three friendlies, two against Dominican Republic and one against India, prior to the third round matches against Antigua and Barbuda and Curaçao.

Puerto Rico lost the decisive match against Curaçao after being 2−0 up front for which Curaçao as head of group advanced to the Gold Cup. Puerto Rico didn't play an international match until the summer of 2017 when they played to a scoreless draw against Indonesia. After the devastation of Hurricane Maria in September that left the entire island powerless. On October 7 it was reported MLS club, Orlando City SC announced a Fuerza Puerto Rico’ Friendly for November 4 with all the net proceeds from the match going towards the United for Puerto Rico initiative to raise funds and aid recovery efforts for the island. Reactivating the national team for a 3rd time this year; the friendly marked Orlando City’s last game of 2017, as well team captain, Kaká with the lions. Puerto Rico lost the exhibition match 6-1. In May 2018, the Puerto Rican Football Federation announced that Carlos Cantarero wouldn't continue as the head coach of the national teams, with former Honduran player Amado Guevara taking over as head coach.

1989 to 1990 – Did not enter 1991 – Did not qualify 1992 – Did not enter 1993 – Final group stage 1994 to 1995 – Did not qualify 1996 – Did not enter 1997 – Withdrew 1998 to 2005 – Did not qualify 2007 to 2008 – Did not enter 2010 to 2017 – Did not qualify 1991 to 2021 – Did not enter or Did not qualify 1979 – Round 2 The following players were called up for the CONCACAF Nations League match against Grenada on March 24, 2018. Caps and goals updated as of November 2018 after the match against Belize; the following players have been called up within the last 12 months. Win Draw Loss Upcoming fixture As of June 13, 2017 Players in bold are still active, at least at club level; as of June 13, 2017 Puerto Rico national under-20 football team Puerto Rico women's national football team Football in Puerto Rico Puerto Rico web page at FIFA.com Puerto Rico List of International Matches at RSSSF.com Official site: Federación Puertorriqueña de Fútbol