Waterford City (UK Parliament constituency)

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Waterford City
Former Borough constituency
for the House of Commons
18011922

Waterford City was a United Kingdom Parliament constituency, in Ireland.

Boundaries and boundary changes[edit]

This constituency was the Parliamentary borough of Waterford in County Waterford.

It returned one MP 1801–1832, two MPs 1832–1885 and one 1885–1922, it was an original constituency represented in Parliament when the Union of Great Britain and Ireland took effect on 1 January 1801.

From the dissolution of Parliament in 1922 the area was no longer represented in the United Kingdom House of Commons.

Politics[edit]

The constituency was a predominantly Nationalist area in 1918, the seat was contested by William Redmond, the son of the IPP leader John Redmond whom he replaced in the Waterford City constituency in a by-election held in March 1918.[1] In the general election of December 1918, it was the only Irish seat the IPP won outside Ulster.[2]

The First Dáil[edit]

Sinn Féin contested the general election of 1918 on the platform that instead of taking up any seats they won in the United Kingdom Parliament, they would establish a revolutionary assembly in Dublin. In republican theory every MP elected in Ireland was a potential Deputy to this assembly; in practice only the Sinn Féin members accepted the offer.

The revolutionary First Dáil assembled on 21 January 1919 and last met on 10 May 1921, the First Dáil, according to a resolution passed on 10 May 1921, was formally dissolved on the assembling of the Second Dáil. This took place on 16 August 1921.

In 1921 Sinn Féin decided to use the UK authorised elections for the Northern Ireland House of Commons and the House of Commons of Southern Ireland as a poll for the Irish Republic's Second Dáil. This area, in republican theory, was incorporated in the five member Dáil constituency of Waterford–Tipperary East.

Members of Parliament[edit]

MPs 1801–32[edit]

Election Member Party Life
1801 William Congreve Alcock Tory c. 1771–1813
1803 Sir John Newport, Bt.[3] Whig 1756–1843

MPs 1832–85[edit]

Representation increased to two members

Election 1st Member 1st Party 2nd Member 2nd Party
1832 Henry Barron Repeal Association William Christmas Conservative
1835 Thomas Wyse Liberal
1841 William Christmas Conservative William Morris Reade Conservative
1841 Henry Barron Liberal Thomas Wyse Liberal
1847 Thomas Meagher Repeal Association Daniel O'Connell, Jr. Repeal Association
1848 by-election Henry Barron Liberal
1852 Robert Keating Liberal
1857 John Aloysius Blake Ind. Irish Michael D. Hassard Conservative
1859 Liberal
1865 Henry Barron Liberal
1868 James Delahunty Liberal
1869 Henry Barron Liberal
1870 by-election Ralph Bernal Osborne Liberal
1874 Richard Power Home Rule League Purcell O'Gorman Home Rule League
1880 Edmund Leamy Home Rule League
1882 Irish Parliamentary Party Irish Parliamentary Party
1885 Reduced to 1 seat

MPs 1885–1918[edit]

Representation reduced to one member

Election Member Party
1885 Richard Power Nationalist
1890 Parnellite
1892 by-election John Redmond Parnellite
1900 Nationalist
1918 by-election William Redmond Nationalist
1922 UK constituency abolished

Elections[edit]

The single-member elections in this constituency took place using the first past the post electoral system. Multi-member elections used the plurality-at-large voting system.

Elections in the 1860s[edit]

General Election 1865: Waterford City (2 seats)[4]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal John Aloysius Blake 592 40.8
Liberal Henry Barron 516 35.5
Liberal John Barrington 344 23.7 N/A
Majority 172 11.8 N/A
Turnout 726 (est) 62.8 (est)
Registered electors 1,156
Liberal gain from Conservative Swing N/A
Liberal hold Swing N/A
General Election 1868: Waterford City (2 seats)[4]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal John Aloysius Blake 796 44.0 +3.2
Liberal James Delahunty 583 32.2 N/A
Liberal Henry Barron 430 23.8 +0.1
Majority 153 8.5 −3.3
Turnout 905 (est) 65.4 (est) +2.6
Registered electors 1,383
Liberal hold Swing N/A
Liberal hold Swing N/A

Blake resigned after he was appointed inspector of Irish fisheries, causing a by-election.

By-election, 22 November 1869: Waterford City[4]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Henry Barron 487 50.8 +27.0
Liberal Ralph Bernal Osborne 471 49.2 N/A
Majority 16 1.7 −6.8
Turnout 958 69.3 +3.9
Registered electors 1,383
Liberal hold Swing N/A

Elections in the 1870s[edit]

Barron was unseated on petition, causing a by-election.

By-election, 25 Feb 1870: Waterford City (1 seat)[4]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Ralph Bernal Osborne 483 50.4 N/A
Independent Nationalist Patrick Joseph Smyth 475 49.6 N/A
Majority 8 0.8 −7.7
Turnout 958 69.3 +3.9
Registered electors 1,383
Liberal hold Swing N/A
General Election 1874: Waterford City (2 seats)[4]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Home Rule Richard Power 526 27.8 N/A
Home Rule Purcell O'Gorman 480 25.4 N/A
Conservative Edward Gibson 365 19.3 N/A
Home Rule James Delahunty 360 19.0 N/A
Liberal Ralph Bernal Osborne 160 8.5 N/A
Majority 115 6.1 N/A
Turnout 1,208 (est) 87.7 (est) +22.3
Registered electors 1,378
Home Rule gain from Liberal Swing N/A
Home Rule gain from Liberal Swing N/A

Elections in the 1880s[edit]

General Election 1880: Waterford City (2 seats)[4]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Home Rule Richard Power 661 42.0 +14.2
Home Rule (Parnellite) Edmund Leamy 494 31.4 +12.4
Home Rule Purcell O'Gorman 420 26.7 +1.3
Majority 74 4.7 −1.4
Turnout 788 (est) 54.3 (est) −33.4
Registered electors 1,449
Home Rule hold Swing N/A
Home Rule hold Swing N/A
General Election 1885: Waterford City[4]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Irish Parliamentary Richard Power 2,420 89.8 N/A
Irish Conservative Fitzmaurice Gustavus Bloomfield 276 10.2 N/A
Majority 2,144 79.5 N/A
Turnout 2,696 68.3 +14.0 (est)
Registered electors 3,946
Irish Parliamentary hold Swing N/A
General Election 1886: Waterford City[4]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Irish Parliamentary Richard Power Unopposed
Registered electors 3,946
Irish Parliamentary hold

Elections in the 1890s[edit]

Power died, causing a by-election.

By-election 1891: Waterford City[4]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Irish National League John Redmond 1,775 59.1 N/A
Irish National Federation Michael Davitt 1,229 40.9 N/A
Majority 546 18.2 N/A
Turnout 3,004 74.2 N/A
Registered electors 4,046
Irish National League gain from Irish Parliamentary Swing N/A
General Election 1892: Waterford City[4]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Irish National League John Redmond 1,676 56.4 N/A
Irish National Federation David Sheehy 1,293 43.6 N/A
Majority 383 12.9 N/A
Turnout 2,969 74.7 N/A
Registered electors 3,974
Irish National League gain from Irish Parliamentary Swing N/A
General Election 1895: Waterford City[4]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Irish National League John Redmond 1,788 59.3 +2.9
Irish National Federation Thomas Joseph Farrell 1,229 40.7 −2.9
Majority 559 18.5 +5.6
Turnout 3,017 76.8 +2.1
Registered electors 3,927
Irish National League hold Swing +2.9

Elections in the 1900s[edit]

General Election 1900: Waterford City[4]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Irish Parliamentary John Redmond Unopposed
Registered electors 3,941
Irish Parliamentary hold
General Election 1906: Waterford City[4]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Irish Parliamentary John Redmond Unopposed
Registered electors 3,354
Irish Parliamentary hold

Elections in the 1910s[edit]

General Election January 1910: Waterford City[4]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Irish Parliamentary John Redmond Unopposed
Registered electors 3,104
Irish Parliamentary hold
General Election December 1910: Waterford City[4]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Irish Parliamentary John Redmond Unopposed
Registered electors 3,104
Irish Parliamentary hold
By-election, 1918: Waterford City[4]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Irish Parliamentary William Redmond 1,242 62.5 N/A
Sinn Féin Vincent White 745 37.5 N/A
Majority 497 25.0 N/A
Turnout 1,987 66.9 N/A
Registered electors 2,972
Irish Parliamentary hold Swing N/A
General Election 14 December 1918: Waterford City
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Irish Parliamentary William Redmond 4,915 52.6 N/A
Sinn Féin Vincent White 4,431 47.4 N/A
Majority 484 5.2 N/A
Turnout 9,346 77.5 N/A
Registered electors 12,063
Irish Parliamentary hold Swing N/A

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  • GITHENS-MAZER, Jonathan. Myths and Memories of the Easter Rising, Cultural and Political Nationalism in Ireland. Dublin and Portland, OR: Irish Academic Press, 2006, 238p.
  • The Parliaments of England by Henry Stooks Smith (1st edition published in three volumes 1844–50), 2nd edition edited (in one volume) by F.W.S. Craig (Political Reference Publications 1973)
  • Parliamentary Election Results in Ireland, 1801–1922, edited by B.M. Walker (Royal Irish Academy 1978)
  • Who's Who of British members of parliament: Volume II 1886–1918, edited by M. Stenton and S. Lees (The Harvester Press 1978)
  • Who's Who of British members of parliament: Volume III 1919–1945, edited by M. Stenton and S. Lees (The Harvester Press 1979)
  • Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "W" (part 1)

External links[edit]

Notes and References[edit]

Notes

References

  1. ^ Jonathan Githens-Mazer, Myths and Memories of the Easter Rising, Cultural and Political Nationalism in Ireland, (Dublin and Portland, OR: Irish Academic Press, 2006), 202
  2. ^ Brian, Walker, ed, Parliamentary Election Results in Ireland, 1801–1922, (Dublin: Royal Irish Academy, 1978), 187–191
  3. ^ On petition Alcock was unseated and Newport was declared elected, 7 December 1803.
  4. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p Walker, B.M., ed. (1978). Parliamentary Election Results in Ireland, 1801-1922. Dublin: Royal Irish Academy. ISBN 0901714127.